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Full text of "Early life and times in Boone County, Indiana, giving an account of the early settlement of each locality, church histories, county and township officers from the first down to 1886 ... Biographical sketches of some of the prominent men and women ..."

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977.201 

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1550984 



GEMEALOGY COLLECTfON 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 02322 1820 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/earlylifetimesinOOinhard 







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willy: 



ELIJAH CRO.SS. 



Early Life and Times in Boone County, 
Indiana 



Harden 



1887 



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INDEX. 



\ ■ 

: TOWNSHIPS. 

PAGE. PAGE. 

. -v: >he County, Past and Present.. 7 Marion 24 

cu'er 12 Perry 26 

iint\3n 1-1 Sugar Creek HS 

agle* Ifi Union ol 

iarris/^n 19 Washington o3 



k/son -• 20 Worth. 

' iersor 23 



■ ^ TOWNS aND CITIE.?. 

Lebanon 37 Clarkstovn tU 

Tborntown 41 Fryette.. G2 

.'■.imestown 45 Ne-v Brunswick 62 

Zionsville 49 Millageviiie 63 

Whiteslo'.vn 52 Kazelrigg Station 63 

Mechaniciburg o3 Warl... 64 

E.'^gle Village 54 xV Iranoe ;. f]4 

Dover 57 Royal ton oo 

N-;,rthfield 6u 

COMMUNICATIONS. 

From Hon. William B Berch 67 From Thomas P. Miller 101 

■' John Lowe 72 " William E Lane.. IC/J 

" -Sol. Sering 77 " Geo. B. Richard'-on -.116 

.'• Geo. W.Gibson 80 '' Elizabeth Marvin 127 

'■' Samuel Evan.^ 96 '' Aiaeiia Zion 128 

J" WilHaui H. Mills P7 " Chas. F. S. Neal I;i2' 

■; " James A. Kichardson 98 " H. M. La Follette 137 

t MISCELLANEOUS. 

Boone Co. Agricultural Society.. 147 County Representatives 154 

County Poor Farm 150 " Commissioners 154 

Probate Court 150 Pro.«ecat:ng Attorney 155 

(. ommon Pleas Court 151 Court Hous:-i 155 

Circuit Court 151 Attcneys, Pa.st and Present 156 

State Senators 152 Secret Orders of the Counlv 157 



496 



INDEX. 






MISCELLANEOUS— Continued. 

PAGE. 



County Sheriffs 152 

" Kecorders 153 

" Surveyors 153 

" Treasurers 153 

•' Coroners 153 

" Clerks 154 

" Auditors 154 



Variety Chapter , 16- 

The Press of the County IK? 

Early Physicians iT-J 

Geology of the County. i7i' 

Cemeteries of the County -i'^O 

List of Soldiers Ir'.S 



CHURCHES. 



Eagle Creek Baptist 201 

Antioc or Poplar Grove- "' 

Dover " 

Elizr-.ville " 

Mount Tabor " 

Mount's Run " 

Lebanoa '' 

Bethel M.E. 

Thorotown " 



.Christi? 



x>!g bprings 

Jamestown " 

Lebanon " 

Mount Zion M. P. 



201 
202 
203 
204 
205 
206 
207 
208 
209 
211 
212 
213 



Zionsville 

Ward 

Jamestown " 

Lebanon Presbyteriim 

" .Christian 

Eli?,aville Pre-^bycerian 

Hopewell " 

Salem " 

Whitostown Lutheran 

Pleasant View Newlight 

Old L'nion Christian 

Sugar Plain 



21.". 
21G 

'. ''ifi 
21 S 

220 



443 



BIOGRAPHIES. 



Airhart, John 227 

Airbart, Henry 22b 

Brendeil, Frederick 228 

Eooher, Benjamin 229 

Bali, John M 2.i-3 

Beach, Caleb S 234 

Bunton, Greeubury 234 

Buntin, .John L 235 

Beck, Sol. W 235 



Bow 



eu, Sampson 23G 



Bennett, Ilecry 1 237 ' 

Burns, Andrew 23S 

Bums, John M 2oS 

Brenton, Hiram 239 

Beck, .John 240 

Boone, A. J 241 

iieck, Anthony 242 

Busby, F. M 243 



T^ragg. James ...-245 

Crtgun. S. N 24" 

Crose Family 24'" 

Coldweli, David A 24'.* 

Cros.", Elijah 24'} 

Craven. Oliver 2:" 

Chambers, John 2" i 

Cain, Ru2l 2^1 

Coldweli, Barton 2'/2 

Coldweli, David 25 J 

ColdwpJI, William 2•■•^ 

Cohee, Andrew 254 

Cory, Nathan - 254 

Campbell, >riehael D... 25' 

Cunningham, Samuol '-'.''• 

Click, Nicholas. « 25''. 

Combs, Wm. H ...2'7 

Cason Family 444 



INDEX. 



497 



BIOGRAPHIES— CoNTiNTED. 



Conrad, Martin 257 

Cobb, Wiliiani 451 

Davenport, Austin 25S 

Dnzau, Mark A 259 

Dinsmore, Jacob 259 

Duzau, John 2G0 

Dye, George, Sr 2G0 

Dodson, George, 201 

Dukes, W. S 203 

Davis, John 2G5 

Duiin, John, Sr. 2G5 

Dale, James B 2G6 

Dickerson, Fleming 271 

Daughertv, Joseph F 271 

Dovving, James, Sr. ..; 272 

Dangherty, L. C 27o 

Devol, W.J 274 

Daily, A. C 276 

Erskio, Michael 278 

Emert, Simon 279 

Evans, James 2S0 

Evan.';, Evan 281 

Farlow, George 2S3 

P'ordice, Nelson 283 

Gregory, Maj. B. M 2S5 

Golcisberrv, John J , 2S5 

GoodTN'ia, Seth 2S6 

Gipson, Ij.aa!; 2S7 

Garret te, Xatban B 289 

HarJen, Joim 291 

Huovc-r, David 292 

Hogshire, Wm. K 293 

Heath, James,. .294 

Harri-jon, Joyiah S 294 

Hazelrigg, H. G- 29G 

Haa'ii, Robert 297 

HoUingsworth, Joseph.. 298 

Higgii]s, John 298 

Hauser, Lf.<.-i.s 299 

Hollicg,;>vurlli, Samuel .300 

Hill, William 301 

:>0 



PACE. 

Harris, Matthew. 302 

Hiestand, Sunuel .302 

Heady, Almond 303 

Ploward, John 304 

Head, Manaon '....304 

Irwin, Jame.s 305 

laeiihour, -Jona'h'an 306 

Kincaid, John 307 

Johns, Jacob, Sr 309 

Jackson, Jesse 311 

Jones, Jacob, Sr 312 

.Jackson, Joseph.... .313 

Kincaid, Fred 314 

Kersey, Thomas 314 

Kise, Col."Wm. C 315 

Klingler, John 31G 

Ki.se, Gen. Kea!)en C 318 

Knottri, Abner - 319 

Lo'.ve, Freilerick 320 

Lane Family 321 

La Follette, H. M 322 

Long, Squire 325 

Laughner, "Wm. J...- 325 

Lucus, Henry 326 

La Folletta, Jacob S 327 

Lee, S. A 452 

Marvin, H. M 327 

Murphvj John 331 

:\[etcah, T. S 331 

Martin. James M 332 

Miller, T. P 451 

Miller, Wm 455 

McDonald, .James A. 333 

McLeui', Wm 333 

McLoan, Samiiei 334 

McLonghlin, Joseph T 453 

McCann, James 335 

Miller, .\. 453 

Neal, Stephen 335 

JJicely, William 344 

Neilcs, James 344 



498 



IXDEX. 



BIOGRAPHIES^CoNTiNUED. 



\ 



PAGE. 

Neal, C. F. S 456 

Pauly, Eenjamin 345 

Pitzer, J. D 346 

Porter, H. W 346 

Powell, Isaac 347 

Patton, J. M 348 

Phillips, W. W 348 

Parr, Jacob 349 

Richarflson, Jonaihan 351 

Robinson, Dr. Ahijah 351 

Robinsoj, Ozias 354 

Rose Family 456 

Roberts, H. J .354 

Reagan, Dr. Je5.se 355 

Roberts, \Vm. R '355 

Rodefer, Samuel 356 

Sanford, ^S''m. R 359 

Siiaw,'John 3G0 

Starkey, Dr. W. D 360 

Shclbnrn, John 362 

fctaton, V/iiliatn 45S 

Shelburn, Thomas J 362 

Strong, S. S 4'S 

Stultz Famllj 363 

Sullivan, P. H 459 

Smith, Wm .304 

Smith, Wm. Warren.. 3f>4 

Smith, Aaron 366 

Sample, James H 3G8 

Stephenson, Robert 367 



PAGE 

Shoemaker, George 338 

Slociim, John 368 

Sicks, Philip .....369 

Scott, G. W.. 370 

Smith, Isaac II 371 

Stipes, Thomas J 372 

Tipton, Jacob 372 

Turner, James 376 

Tansell, Leland 377 

Thornburg, James 378 

Titup, Stephen 379 

Titus, \Vm 379 

Trotter, Anderson 380 

Threiikield, Dennis 382 

Taylor, W. R 382 

Thompson, James A oS3 

Thayer, Oel 384 

Trout, Wm. W .384 

Utter, Abraham 385 

"Wilson, Jones H 386 

West, Wm 387 

Warren, Solomon 387 

Wills, James 388 

West, Samuel 3S9 

Woody, Cynthia Ann 389 

Whittaker, Benj. F 459 

Wyaong, John 300 

Young, Wm 391 

Zion, Wm 392 



POETRY. 



Ey John Ixiwe 143 

" Dr. K. T. Cotton 145 

" Samuel Harden 146 



By R. W. H 437 

" S. W. T.~ ....439 



From Samuel Hanlen. 



LETTERS. 



.395 



This Work is 
Most Respectfully Dedicated 

TO THE 

Pioneers of B<j«tNE C<)UNtv, 
Indiana. 



Lebanon, Ind., May 10, 18S7, 



PREFACE. 



^ The necessity of the following work is our apology for writ- 

^ iug the same. Time, in its onward flight, has taken from> 
\ among us those who first settled our county. But few of 
r' the pioneers now remain to witness its prosperity. One: 
v^ of the objects of this work will be to remember those who 
v/ with strong hands and brave hearts came to battle with the^ 
hardships incident to a frontier life. Heretofore we have 
\ rushed through life not taking time to inquire who it was 
S| who first had the hardihood to settle in Boone County — who 
^ it was who first built his cabin in the woods. In the follow- 
ing book it will be our aim to show who were the pioneers 
and what became of them. The thoughtful mind can not 
view the transit from the green woods to the now well-culti- 
vated fields without a degree of thankfulness coming up la 
his heart, also inquiries arising such as above mentioned. 
This book is v/ritteu in part to show the contrast between ihe 
past and present. While we desire to give all the first set- 
tler's names it will be out of the question to give all, for th.ere- 
were some who came to stay but a short time, who soon went 
farther west, not staying here long enough to become identi- 
fied with the county. Bat those who remained and helped 
develop the county we hope to remember. Another feature- 
of our work will be comrauuications from well-informed per- 
sons throughout the county, who were actors themselves. The- 
hands that wrote them helped clear away the logs and brush. 
We point with pride to those letters. They will at once be 



^•^ 



\ 



€ PREFACE. 

recognized as coming from well-informed and intelligent citi- 
zens. The publishers do not claim a perfect work. Many 
incideuts aod facts will, as a matter of course, be left out, for 
sixty years with its many changes have covered up many in- 
teresting reminiscences. Mistakes will occur, but none will 
regret them more than the publishers. To those who have 
oontributed so much to make our labor light, we will kindly 
remember, for without such help it would have been out of 
the question to have gotten up anything like a respectable 
work. And to those who so kindly entertained us^ at their 
homes, while we were obtaining material for the " Early Life 
and Times in Boone," we will ever hold in kind remembrance. 
It will be a pleasure in after life to recall the pleasant homes 
we have visited in Boone County. It would be base ingrat- 
itude in us not in some way to return our thanks for such 
kind treatment received on every hand. 

Harden ct Spahr, Publishers. 
Lebanan, In'd., May, 1S87. 



f 



I -7 / 7 



EARLY LIFE AND TIMES 



-IN- 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA 



BOONE COUNTY— PAST AND PRESENT. 

Boone County occupios a central position in the great State 
of Indiana. It is bounded on the north by Ciiuion County, 
on the east by HamiltoUj on the west by Montgomery and on 
the south by Marion and Hendricks Counties. It is twenty- 
four miles from east to west and seventeen and a half miles 
from north to south. It contains about 268,000 acres, two- 
thirds of which is in cultivation. Its central poi:;tiou, excel- 
lent soil, water power, and other advantages, natural and 
improved, ranks it among the first counties of the state. It is 
now nearly sixty-five years since Boone County was settled 
by the white man. It is true a remnant of the Miami Indians 
occupied the northwest corner of the county by stipulation 
from the government till 182S. Here they had lived, hunted 
and traded for sixty years previous, but about the year 1834 
their fires went out and their songs were heard no more. They 
left traces, however, that to-day are visible, i. e., the graves 
of their fathers and children. This reserve or territory em- 
braced all of Sugarcreek Township, two thirds of V>' ash log ton, 
nearlv one-half of .TetftTSon and five sections of Center Town- 



8 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

ship, in all about fifty-two tliousand acres. 'Let us go back 
sixty-five years and take a glance at the surroundings, What 
do we find? An unbroken wilderness, no roads, no mills, 
deep-taugled brush and viues, and a good portion of ihe land 
covered with water. To this glo'irny-Iooking place a few 
hardy pioneers carae in 1823 or 1824. They came principally 
from Kentucky, Pennsylvania and North Carolinn. Among 
the first settlers were the following: Patri'.'k II. Sullivan^ 
Jacob and John Sheets, David Hoovor, A. H. Longly, Benj. 
Dunn, Austin Davenport, the Harmons, Smiths, Dyes, D'>b- 
sons, Bishops, Rays, Emmerts, Dnzans, ^Buntons, MoC'anns, 
Evaas, Doyles, Turners, Ri(4iard-ons, Parrs, Thornberrys, 
Becks, Slocums, 2IcCoys, Benj. Cox, Hiram McQuid.y, G, V\', 
Gibson, Isaac Gibson, Wra. Ziou, John Busby, the Bo^.vens, 
Brentons, Wylies, S:imples, Cald wells, Shelleys, Stephen Xtal; 
Lanes, Neeses, AVests, Robinsons, Lowes, Shaws, Carrs, Slay- 
backs, Samuel Peuey, George and Henry Lucas, David Ray, 
Laughners, Iseuhours, Kootzs, John Higgins, Burnhams, 
Stephen Titus, Newton Cassady, Rutledges, McDonald-, Jas. 
Downing, SVni West, John G'>od, Fleming Dickerson. Jacob 
Dinsmore, Edward ^Yooien. Edwards, Leaps, Eii Smith, B. B. 
Smith, Nathaniel Scoi t, Holiingsworths, Doolys, Shoemakers, 
Dalins, Washington Hutton, Kiinglers, Daniel and H. G- 
Larimore, Abner Kootts, John M. Burns, Jos. Hocker, Jacob 
Angle, S. S. Strong, Daniel A. Caldwell, "Wm. Smith, Vv^'m. 
Hill, Michael D. Campbell, Jas. A, TjH)mpson, Wm. Young, 
Claybourne Young, Clayburn Cain, John V. A'oung, W'ni. 
Farlow, Airharis, John Porter, W. Ef . Coon?.i)s, John McLean, 
Jas. Davis, John Crisraan, J. T. Hiirt, Headys, Wra. Walters,^ 
Isaah Miller, S. P. Dewses, Resin Garrett, Robt. Stephousou,. 
William and Henry I. Bennett, Hiram J. Roberts, Perkinses^ 
Jas. Chitwood, Jas. S. Dale, Noah Chitwood, Jas. Edwards,- 
Geo. Waiters. J. B. Fear, Geo. il. Johnson, W. J I. Crose- 
Jos. and Geo. Keeth, Chambcrses, Solomon Warren, Samuel 
Reese, David Crose, Samuel Long, John Goldsbury, Jolire 
Graham, Robt. Hamil, Jas. Thornbury, Lewis Harris, Ed, 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. i> 

JacksoD, Jacob Johns, John Wright, John Baird, Jas. Moore, 
Robt. Bel], Oliver Cravens, Jos. Bishop, Elias Bishop, "\Vm. 
Bishop, Wrn. Powell, Jerry Washburn, Wni, and Jas. Ross, 
Peterses, Richard Hull, Xoah Burkett, Daniel Lewis, John 
Sargent, Aaron Pbipps, Francis Kincaid, Wu). Kincaid, Jas» 
Irwin, Jas. Davi<, McCords, Robt. Thomas, Jas. McCoy, 
Jacob Tipton, Jonathan H. Rose, Jas. McLaughlin, Jacob 
Kernodle, l^evi Line, W. E Lane, Dr. Simpson, Jesse Daven- 
port, Thos, Blake, John Wolfe, George and John Stephenson. 
Andrew Harvey, Jesse Essex, George Shirts, the Sedgwicks, 
We.-hy Smith, Jolin Imblor, Leilden Denny, Solom'ui Buck, 
Thomas Brovv-n, the Kise family, Washington W. Phillips, 
Aldridges, Elisha Jackson, V/ni Kenwortby, Beuj. Sweeny, 
Jas. \'an Eaton, Archibald Scott, Motlats, Adrian Ball, John 
Miller, TVm. Payriel, Robert Clark, Robert Morrison, Wm. 
Turner, Samuel Brenton, Joshua Burnham, Elish Riley, Geo. 
Osborn, J. G. Pierce, Silas Kenwortby, John Pauly, Phillip 
Lucas, Schoolers, Utterbacks, John Peters, Wm. Statun, J. A. 
Rudasills, Bohannans, Penningtons, Slagais, G. W\ Lumpkius, 
Jesse Turner, Alexander Fortner, Swopes, Anderson Trotter, 
Jacob Stouekiug, Letters, Jesse Jackson, Geo. Farlow, Matthew 
Harris, Geo. W. Scott, John Shelburn, Jas. G. Stype, Wm. 
Xicely, John C. Hill, Wm. and Jas. Marsh, the Peters family 
and Hiram Cragen. 

The following are the names of tne twelve men who com- 
posed the first grand jury in the county : Cornelius Westfail, 
David McCoy, Francis Howard, \. H. Phillips, James ^Vil- 
liaras, Lewis Dewees, Joshua Foster, John Horrell, Andrew 
Houston. Martin Lewis, James Blue, Jacob Sheets, E. P. 
Shannon, Frederick Lowe and John Tvoog. 

The county at one time was considered low and level, and 
in one sense of the word it was true. Yet while it is low and 
level it is no less the dividing summit of White River and the 
^V abash. The water flows almost in es^ery direction in Boone 
County, and it is said the highest point between the lakes and 
the Ohio River is between Lebanon and Whitestown near 



10 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

Holmes Station. Be this as it ma}-, the coimty is far fioai 
being a low, wet country. Since the water ha? been contiueti 
to deeper channels and numerous ditches, the laud as a rule 
is dry and can be cultivated. Before going farther we per- 
haps ought to say something that almost every person already 
knows, viz : that our county was named in honor of Daniel 
Boone, the noted Kentucky hunter. It was organized in 1S30, 
when there were only 622 citizens in the county. Lebanon 
was chosen as the name of the county seat. The principal 
streams in the county are Sugar Creek, Eel River, Big and 
Little Eagle Creeks, Prairie Creek, Brown's Wonder, Mud 
Creek, Raccoon, Fishback, Mounts Run, and Spring branch. 
Nearly if not all at one time afforded propelling power for 
mills, machinery, etc. Since the introduction of steam they 
are no longer used for that purpose. The Michigan road, 
which was laid out in 1830, passes through the entire county, 
entering it at the southeast corner at section one, three- fourths 
of a mile south of Eagle Village, running slightly to the west 
cf north through the towus of Eagle Village, Clarkstown, 
Xorthfield and Slabtown, le iving the county in Marion Town- 
ship at section eighteen, near the northwest corner of the 
township. The Indianapolis, Cincinnati & Lafayette Railroad 
enters the county at the southeast corner south of Zionsville, 
passing in a northwest direction through the towns of Zions- 
ville, Whitestown. Holmes Station, Lebanon, Hazlerigg Sta- 
tion, and Tiiorntown, leaving the county northwest of the last 
named place some two miles. Xumber of miles in the county, 
twenty-eight. The Indiana, Bloomington & Western 'Rail- 
road passes through the southwest corner of the county. It 
enters Jackson Township at sect'on eleven a short distance 
southeast of Jamestown. Running a little north of west a 
distance of three and a half miles it leaves the county at sec- 
tion thirty-one where it enters Montgomery County. The 
Anderson, Lebanon A: St. Louis Rulroad, nov/ the Mid- 
land, passes through the county from east to west. It enters 
the county in Union Township at section thirty-sis, passing 



! BOOXE COU.NTY, INPIAXA. 11 

through the towns of Rosston, Lebanon and Advance, leaving 
the county at section thirty, in Jackson Township. The road 
is now only finished as far as Lebanon. The last spike was 
driven eleven miles east of Lebanon, January 22, 1887, From 
Lebanon west the road runs in a southwestern direction. The 
distance through the county is nineteen miles. The Indian- 
apolis and Lafayette State road passes through the county 
in a northwest direction, entering the county on the south line 
near Royalton at section seven, passing through Royaiton, 
Lebanon and Thorntowu and leaving the county northwest 
of Tliorntown some three miles. The Xoblesville and Straw- 
town road passes through the county from east to west, enter- 
ing it in Marion Township at section thirty-six, passing through 
the towns of Elizaville and Thorntown, a distance of twenty- 
four miles. The principal road running through the center 
of the county and running east and west enters the county in 
Union Township on the east at section sixteen, passing through 
the towns of Lebanon and Dover, leaving the county at section 
thirty-one, three miles west of the latter place, where it enters 
Montgomery County. 

Having given a short geographical description of the county, 
noting the principle streams, roads, etc., we will now intro- 
duce some statistics showing the marvelous growth from a 
population of 622 persons in 1830. The population in 1840 
was 8,121. la 1850 the population was 11,631. In 1860, 
16,733. In 1870 the population was 22,593. In 1880 it was 
51,778. The taxable property in 1S86 was thirteen million 
dollars. The real value can not be less than twenty-five mil- 
lion dollars. The number of voters in 1886 was 6,760. The 
number of school children in 1885 was 9,788. Value of school 
property in 1885 was §158,180.50. Number of school teach- 
ers, 165. Number of school houses, 135. Number of bushels 
of wheat raised in 1880 was 838,341. Number of bushels of 
corn, 1,303, 228. Number of bushels of oats, 87,350. Number 
of mules in 1880 wa:? 499. Number of horses, 6,317. Value 
of fruit for the year 1880: aj)ples, 238,872 bushels; peaches, 



12 EAKLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

2,371 bushels. Number of pounds of wool for the year l->79 
was 48,446 ; number of pounds of honey, 14,087 ; number of 
pounds of butter, 335,142. Number of acres in clover for the 
year 1880, 7,292; number of acres of blue grass in 1830, 27,- 
971; number of tous of hay in 1870 was 11,905; numl.-er of 
bushels of barley in 1880, 3,792 ; number of bushels of Irish 
potatoes in 1880, 76,027; number of pounds of tobacco in 
1880, 2,2G3. Number of churches in 1883 was 62; number 
of church organizations, 65; number of members, 4,104. 
Value of church property in 1883 was $43,850. Number of 
school children in 1870 was 8,205 ; number iu 1880^9,358; 
number in 1885, 9,788. Number of voters in 1880, 6,362. 
The population of the county at this writing (1887) is esti- 
mated at 33,800. Number of pensioners, 230. The foregoing 
statistics are given in a general way to show the grov> th of 
the county for the past sixty years. They must appear satis- 
factory to the thinking mind. The growth of the towns have 
been in the same ratio with that of the county. Especially da 
we point with pride to our county seat. From a little muddy 
village we have arrived to a city of no mean proportions. 
Under the head of " Sketches of Towns" we will dwell more 
at length. As we intend this as only a general survey of the 
county we have also given in township sketches some facts 
and statistics of considerable length, which will account for 
this seeming short article. 

CENTER TOWNSHIP. 

Center Township occupies a central position iu the county 
and contains about sixty-two square miles. It is a very irreg- 
ular shape, having in and out corners almost without number. 
The principal stream draining it is Prairie Creek, flowing- 
from the southeast to the northwest past Lebanon. In former 
years this little stream had its own way, especially when it 
got on a high. Of late years, however, at a great expense It 
has been confined to a channel. Thus improved it affords an 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 13 

outlet for countless ditches, drains, etc. The ludianapolis, 
Cincinnati & Louisville Railroad |)asses through Center a 
distance of about ten miles, running in a northwest direction, 
entering at section ten at the southeast and leaving it at section 
twenty-one at the northwest. The soil here is on an average 
with the other townships and has kept pace in improvements. 
We speak now of the township only. Under the head of 
*' Sketch of Lebanon " will be found a more detailed account. 
It is difficult to speak of one without referring to the other, 
especially in regard to the early settlement, so closely are their 
histories allied. Xecessarily this sketch of Center must be 
short, and under the head referred to above we will speak 
more in full of what might seem proper here. It would be 
useless to repeat, as we have decided to put it in the "Sketch 
of Lebanon," the first settlement having been made there. 
The history of Center Township is not unlike the histories of 
the other townships. First, a few hardy pioneers settling in 
the woods, building their cabins, clearing their patches here 
and there, log-roliings. house-raisings, etc. Improvements 
caraa gradually. The little fields widened out, the cabin gave 
way to hewed log houses and then to frame and brick dwell- 
ings. Thus it has been here and in every township in our 
now grand county. First the little blazed paths, then the cut 
out roads, then the gravel roads in their own good time, and 
thousands of like improvementsand advancements have dawned 
upon us. A few have lived to see these changes and many 
have fallen by the way. It has cost toil and labor untold to 
bring aljDUt these improvements. The pioneers underv>ent 
privations and liardships that the present generation know 
nothing about. Xo citizen can view these changes without a 
feeling of pride and satisfaction. The contrasts in many re- 
ijpccts are wonderful. Center Township has grown in po]>u- 
lation from a few souls in 1<S29 to now near four thousand. 
The population in 1S70 \vas 2,856; in 1880 it was 3,826. 
Number of voters in 18SG was 1,573; number of school houses, 
17; number of school children in 1885 Avas 1,097, not includ- 



14 EARLY LIFE AND TIMKS IN 

ing Lebanon. The following have served as trustees: A- 
Robinson, A. C. Daily, Millroy Lane, J. A. Gardner, Tjos. 
H. Martin, R. W. Matthews, and H. L. Bynum, elected April, 
1886. 

CLINTOX TOWXSHIP. 

This township is the east center and in the north tier of 
townships adjoining Clinton County. It contains thirty-three 
squate miles, six miles from east to west and five and one-half 
miles from north to south. Sugar Creek enters it at the north- 
west corner, cutting off about one section. Mud Creek and 
Brown's "Wonder flow through the town.rship in a north- 
western direction and empty into Sugar Creek, the former just 
north of the center of the township in the edge of Clintoa 
County, and the latter entering near Mechanicsburg in Wash- 
ington Township. Tarepin Creek, or branch, also flows in the 
same direction. The soil is productive, and rapid improve- 
ments are being made in the way of ditching. The streams 
above referred to drain it naturally and afford an outlet to the 
countless ditches now being put in. The timber of this town- 
ship at one time must have been grand, as there are yet stand- 
ing some fine specimens of oak. The demand for walnut, 
poplar and cherry has about exhausted this once buiintiful 
supply. The pioneers of this township had this to contend 
with in making their farms. Some of the finest timber was 
burned up and destroyed. There was no demand for lumber 
at that time. No doubt there has been enough timber burnt 
and destroyed to pay for the land at fifty dollars per acre. 
Amortg the early settlers of this part of the county we mention 
Jas. H. Sample, Geo. Fall, Henry L Bennett, Robert Stephen- 
son, A. B. Clark, Hoza Aldridge, Resin V. Garrett, Thos. 
Abernathy, Wra. West, David Evans, John Tucker, Jesse 
Scott, Hiram Roberts, Jesse Perkins, John Caldwell, Wm. I. 
Bennett, Xewton Cassaday, John M. Burns, Hiram Brenton, 
Alexander Caldwell, (jeo. Mognett, Jas. Downing, Hugh 



BOON E COUNT Y, 1 N DI A N A . 15 

AViley, Abner Knotts, J. A. McDaniel, W. II. Evans, John 
Evtms, Obid Hardesty, Robert Perkins, F. C. Phillips, Hugh 
Sample, John M.Wiley, Frank Downing, Hiram Powell, Jos. 
Stephenson, Hugh McDonald, Ozias Robinson, Samuel 
Downey, John R. McDonald, E. Swope, Matthew McLear, 
Marian Evans and Andrew Burns. Among the early minis- 
ters were John Reynolds (Presbyterian), John Bonner, "Wm. 
Turner, Wm. Hall, Carson Buckhalter (Christian), and Henry 
I. Bennett, who yet resides in the township. The following 
Avere among the early school teachers : Jas. H. Sample, Hiram 
J. Roberts, Henry I. Bennett, Jas. Mulligan and John Foley. 
Mr, Mulligan is yet living in the township and has served as 
County Surveyor several years. Clinton Township was first 
settled in the year 1834. The first election was held in 1835, 
at the house of ]Scwton Cassaday, when a man by the name of 
Maxwell was elected the first Justice of the Peace. It is said 
that Hugh Sample, son of Jas. H. Sample, was the first child 
to see the light of day in this township. He is yet living two 
miles west of Elizavilie, on the Thorntown road. This event 
occurred In 1837. Among the first marriages were John 
Stephenson to Miss Adams, Eris Stephenson to IMargaret 
AYylie and John M. Burns to Miss Wylie. The first religious 
meeting was held at the house of A. B. Clark; this was in the 
year 1835. There was nothing like a permanent society or- 
ganized till a year or two later, when the old school Presby- 
terian formed a society and held meetings at private houses. 
Houses of worship were erected in due course of time. There 
are now five churches in the township, viz : Hopewell (Pres- 
byterian), in the southwest part of the township on tiie Thorn- 
town and Strawtown road, in section 31 ; Mud Creek, or 
Salem, is situated on Mud Creek in section 27; there is here, 
as well as at Hopewell, a cemetery where many of the pioneers 
are buried. The Baptists have a church at Elizavilie, as also 
have the Christians. The Presbyterians have a brick church 
in the same town. The number of school children in the 
township in 1885 was 527; number of school houses, 10. 



16 £ARLY IJFE AND TIMES IN 

The TliorntowM and Strawtown Roacl passes through this 
township from east to west. This lias beon a road or " trail " 
for sixty years. The number of voters in 1S86 was 359; the 
number of school children in 1884 was oi'T ; number of school 
houses, 10; population in 1870 Avas 1,220; in 1880 it was 
1,487. The following persons have served as Township 
Trustees: JoliU Caldwell, "Wm. AVylic, John M. Burns, 
Ephraim Davis, lieuben Eaton, Wm. Brenton, A. C Kern, 
J. C. Tomlinson. Mr. A. C. Kern was elected the second time 
in 1886 and is now actiufr. 



EAGLE TOAVXSHir. 

This township occupies the southeast corner of the county. 
It contains twenty-six sections, and is drained by Big and 
Little Eagle Creeks. They unite near Zionsviile and from 
there Big Eagle flows southwest and leaves tlie county near 
where the old Sheets mill site was in section ten. Fishback 
rises in Worth Township, flows in a southern direction through 
Eagle, and leaves the township south of Ivoyalton in section 
eight. The Long Branch comes in from Hamilton County on 
the east, enters Big Eagle east of Zionsviile and below the old 
*' Dye mill dam." Eagle is somewhat undulating along the 
:above streams. There is comparatively little waste land how- 
ever in the township. As a rule it is well cultivated, and the 
soil responds well to the agriculturist. It is nearly sixty-dve 
years since it was first settled, and it was here the first settle- 
ment was made, possibly excepting Tliorntown, about the year 
1823 (jr 1824. Among those who first came to Eagle Town- 
ship are tl'.e following: Patrick H. Sullivan, Jacob Sheets, 
John Sheets, David Hoover, Austin Davenport, Jesse Daven- 
port, Xathan Carr, \Vm. Carr, James McCord, John McCord, 
Frederick Lowe, George Dye, Jacob Stone King, John King, 
Jas. Harmon, Wm. and John Harmon. Coming soon after 
^ve find the names of Washington and Thos. P. Miller, Beuj. 



I" . BOON K COUNTY, INDIANA. 17 

Co?w, Peter Gregory, Vim. and Jas. Marsh, Daniel and Hugb 
G. Larimore. Elijah Cross, the Duzans, Dodsons, Klinglers, 
Robert Thomas, James McCoy, John and Xelson Shaw, Wm. 
Smith, Daniel Lewis, Elias Bishop, John Ray, Xoah Burkit,. 
\Vm. E. Lane, Joseph Bishop, Wm. Bishop, John Shelburne, 
Jerry Washburn, L. Tansel, John Yv'olf and Hiram Wolf, 
The first elcctien Avas held at the house of David Hoover,. 
when Jacob Sheets was elected Justice of the Peace. He was^ 
succeeded by T. P. Miller, Vim. Smith and Wm. Farlin. Rev. 
Jas. McCoy was the first preacher in the township. He was 
a Baptist minister, and it was as early as 1825 when he first 
preached in the township. His first meetings were held in 
the house of David Hoover. The first probate court was held 
at the house of David Hoover in November, 1830. David 
Hoover was the first clerk and Austin Davenport the first 
sheriff of the county. The first mill was built by Jacob Sheets 
on Eagle Creek. Geo. Dye built a grist mill on Eagle Creek^ 
near where Zionsville now stands. There was a small mill 
built on "Irishman's Run," near where Vv'm. S. Smith novr 
lives. Duzan's mill on p]agle Creek may also be classed 
among the early mills of the township, John Burton built a 
sawmill on Little Eagle Creek in 1840. 

The first marriage in the county was that of Elijah Cross 
and Mary Hoover in December, 1831. Mrs. Cross is yet liv- 
ing at Zionsville on a part of the farm entered by her father, 
David Hoover, in 1824. Mr. Cross died in 18G9, and is buried 
at Crown Hill, Indianapolis. Eagle Village for many years 
was the voting place, and here it was where most of the bus- 
iness was done of the Eagle Creek country, extending into 
Hamilton County on the east and Marion County on tlie 
'*outh. This continued until the completion of the ludiana- 
|>olis & Lafayette Railroad in 1852, when Zionsville sprang 
'•p one mile farther west. This was a death knell to Eosfle 
\ lUage. It was here that the '* Eagle Tillage Liglit Infantry " 
was wont to rally every month. Gapt. J. F. Daugherty was 
2 



18 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

in comraand. Amoug the early ministers were Jas. McC;oy, 
Geo. Dodson, Isaac Cotton, Robert Tliomas, Geo. Dye, Geo. 
Boroman, Geo. W. Duzan, Wm. Klingler and AYni. Gcuge, 
all now deceased. The principal cemeteries of the township 
are one at Eagle Village, one just south of Zionsville, formerly 
called the Bishop graveyard, and the third one at Eagle Creek 
Baptist Church. The fourth on the Michigan road, near where 
the old Bethel Church formerly stood, known as tlie Bethel 
graveyard. It is located on the land entered by Austin Dav- 
enport. He as well as many other pioneers are buried there. 
The first brick house was built on the Michigan road between 
Glarksiov,-n and Eagle Village, in the year 1835, by Austin 
Davenport. The population of Eagle in 1870 was 2,320, in 
1880 it was 2/284, and in 1887 estimated ai 2.500. Number 
•of school children in 1884vas 414; number of voters in 1886 
was 542 ; number of school houses are 10, two of which are 
brick and eight frame. Around the early history of Eagle 
■cluster many interesting reminiscences, for it was here the first 
cabin was built, the first marriage ceremony said, and the first 
mill built. Most of the actors have been summoned to another 
world. AYe can not afford to forget those names so dear to 
lis all. Such men and women were needed at that time, and 
they came and filled their places. It took courage to undergo 
such privations and hardships. The young know compara- 
tively little of the trials our early settlers underwent. The 
following are the early doctors : William N. Duzan, H. G. 
Larimore, Warner F. Sampson, S. Vv". Rodman, Jeremiah 
Larimcre, N. Crosby, Geo, W. Duzan and Dr. Sellers. The 
fi)llowing have served as trustees: W. W. Atchison, A. J. 
Sanders, Manson Head, J. D. Swaim, S. M. White, Paul D. 
Xieibhardt, T. J, Shelburn, and T. P. Mills, now acting. 



\ 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 19 



HARRISON TOWNSHIP. 



This township occupies a place in the south tier of towa- 
filiips. It is bounded on the south by Hendricks County, on 
the east by Perry Township, on the west by Jack»on Town- 
ship, and on the north by Center Township. It contains 
uearly twenty-four sections, about one section being taken off 
ihe northwest corner. If this corner was full it would be 
square, and would contain twenty- five sections. The surface 
IS level to a great extent. The headwaters of Eel River have 
their source here, flowing out of and through the extensive 
prairie known as "Stoner's Prairie." It was thought at one 
time that the above lands could not be cultivated, but that 
idea has long since exploded and many acres are now profita- 
bly tilled. An extensive system of drainage has been intro- 
duced with good results. New Brunswick and Milledgeville 
are both in Harrison. They each contain several business 
houses, churches, postoffices, etc. The population of the 
township in 1880 was 1,401; number of school houses, 9; 
luimber of school children in 1884 was 414; number of brick 
houses, 4 ; number of frames, 5. Harrison was settled about 
the year 1834 by the following persons: James Dale, 
George Johnson, William Butey, R. M. Cumels, Philip Sicks, 
■Caleb Sherley, John Scott, A. Hillis, John ]N[cCormack, 
William Abner, William Joseph, Nick. Yount, James Chit- 
wood, William and James Edwards, Joseph and George Iveetli, 
Fleming Dickerson, Beunet Cline, Jacob Huff, Geo. Walters, 
Jos. Shepherd, Nathaniel Scott, G. W. Scott, Geo. Sheeks, J. 
Ingram, Noah Chitwood, Seth Goodwin, Daniel Turner, Jacob 
Dinsraore. J. B. Fear, Daniel Logan, W. II. Crose, Wm. 
Britton, the Shirleys. The fir.st election was held at the cabin 
of W. Logan in 1836, when Wm. Buttery was elected Justice 
^)f the Peace. Among the early marriages were Wm. John- 
son to Isabella Dale, G. T. Buttery to Barbara Soott, and 
Jeremiah Craven to Miss James. The first land entered v/as 



20 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

bv James S. Dale, who also built the first cabin. The fiisi 
death was the wife of David James in March, 1837. The fijst 
settlers of Harrison Township had many disadvantages to 
contend with. The surface of the land was covered with 
water, and where there was no prairie a heavy growth of tim- 
ber and brush confronted them, and now and then a den of 
rattlesnakes chimed in to make music for them. Here, as well 
as in other townships, the first meetings were held in priv- 
ate houses. The first meeting was held at the house of Geo. 
H. Johnson in 1835, where a few pioneers gathered to hear a 
Baptist minister preach. Early meetings were also held at 
the house of Geo. Sheeks. Soon after a log house was built, 
which saw its day and then gave way to a more modern struct- 
ure. Harrison Township now contains several frame edifices 
of different orders, where the citizens gather to hear the gos- 
pel preached. The population of Harrison in 1870 was 1,209 ; 
in 1880 it was 1,401. The number of voters in 1886 was 332. 
The following have served as Trustees : J. M. Shaw, Samp- 
son Sheeks, W. H. Clements, G. \V. Scott, Ora Knowlton^ 
Jas. H. Pinnell, M. P. Higgins, W. H. Ragsdale, H. C. Ulin, 
J. S. Black, J. H. Acton, John Huffman, and Samuel Scott. 
now acting, was elected April. 1886. 

JACKSON TOWNSHIP. 

This township occupies the southwest corner of the county. 
It is bounded on the south by Hendricks County, on the west 
by Montgomery County, on the north by Jefferson Township^ 
and on the east by Harrison and Center Townships. Itcontaius 
a little less than forty-eight sections, being a little deficient at 
the northeast corner, Jackson Township is drained by Eel 
River and Raccoon Creek, the former leaving the county and 
entering Hendricks County at the south line of section eleven, 
a short distance southeast of Jamestown. Raccoon Creek 
flows in a southwestern direction, leaving the township in 



j BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 21 

section thirty-one. near where the Indiana, Bloomingtou & 
Western Railroad enters the county of Montgomery, The 
above railroad enters Jackson Township at the south line on 
section eleven, passing through Jamestown, bearing to the 
north of west, and leaving rhe county and township in section 
thirty-one. AYithout doubt, Jackson is one of the best town- 
ships in the county. The land along the above streams can 
be excelled in no place, much less in Boone County. Good 
husbandry is noticeable in every direction, brought about by 
}x well-directed system of drainage. Jackson originally was 
the best timbered township in the county, if one may judge 
from what is yet standing and from stumps of trees cut down — 
timber of the most valuable kind — such as walnut, poplar, 
■oak, etc. There is yet (in 188C) standing on the farm of Mrs. 
Ashley, three miles northwest of Jamestown, one of the finest 
poplar groves In the state. It is a grand sight to behold those 
monarchs of the forest. But the ax is, or soon will be, whet- 
ted that will lay them low, as well as others of the same kind. 
A stump of a poplar tree, on the farm of \Y. H. Coombs, 
measures nine ^eet. This tree, when standing, was said to be 
one of the finest S2)ecimens of its kind in the township. The 
proposed Anderson & St. Louis Railroad will, if ever finished, 
pass through Jackson Township in a southwesterly direction, 
entering at section eighteen, passing through Advance, and 
leaving the county and township at section thirty. James- 
town, one of the earliest settled places in the county, is, and 
has been for years, the principal trading point in the town- 
ship, as well as tlie voting precinct, a separate account of 
which wiil be found in another part of this work, under the 
head of '"' Sketch of Jamestown." Advance, mentioned as 
being located on the Anderson & St. Louis Railroad, is a 
voting place, and contains several business houses, postofiice, 
■churcii, etc. Although a new place, it has quite a local trade, 
and, on the com})letion of the railroad, will be a place of some 
importance. It is located in the northern part of the town- 
*{hip, midway between the east and west lines, and is six miles 



22 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN ' 

due north of Jamestown. Jackson Township was settled 
about the year 1828. Amonsr the first to arrive, we find tric 
following: Young Hughs, Lewis Dewees, Jolin and Washing- 
ton Gibson, William Farlow, Isaac Miller, David Bush, Johrt 
Porter, Robert Davis, Andrew Hudson, Aiijah Brown, Sam^ 
uel Jessie, Andrew Long, George and William Walters, Wil- 
liam White, Hiram Young, Jacob Johns, and John Whitley. 
This pioneer band were joined a few years later by the follow' 
ing persons : The Headys, Niceleys, Enimerts, John Mcl^ean^ 
John T. Hurt, John Crisman, John Cunningham, Mieken 
Hurt, Thomas Caldwell, Samuel Miller, James Davis, Robert 
Walker, Vv'ilJiam Duncan, Isaac M. Shelly, Anderson Trotter^ 
John Airhart, Henry Airhart, Isaac H. Smith, W. H. Coombs^ 
S. P. Dewees, W. B. Gibson, Dr. George L. Burke, Samuel 
Penry, Samuel Cunningham, Elisha Jackson, Henry B. Myers, 
W. W. Emmet, and the Galvins, 

George Walker, one of the earliest ministers, held meeting^ 
at the house of John Porter, and it is said this was the first 
religious meeting held in Jackson Township. Mr. Walker 
was a Baptist. The first house erected was by the Methodists^ 
in 1832, called Brown's Chapel, named in honor of the late 
Thomas Brown. There are now many neat and well-located 
houses of worship throughout the township. The school- 
houses are also good indicators of thrift and progression. Na 
township has more advancement than this in every direction. 
The vast forest has given way to well-cultivated fields. Ther 
people now living in Jackson have every reason to be proud 
of their homes. It has taken labor to bring about the above 
results. The bauds that felled the trees and cleared the field* 
are folded in rest. Their graves may be seen in ditTerent 
parts of the township. A few remain among us. 

The population of Jackson Township in 1870 was l,200r 
In 1880 it was 1,162. The number of voters in 1880 wa* 
757. Number of school children in 1884 was 726. The school 
houses number fifteen, of which nine are brick and six frame. 

The following have served as Trustees : Eli Miller, James 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 2J^ 

Saridliu, James H. Kerby, F. C. Galespie, John McLain^ 
Henry Airhart, J. P. Long, W. S. Laferty, W. H. Hostetter, 
G. W. Shockly, F. C. Gilesby, and Marion Porter, now serv- 
ing, elected April, 1886. 

JEFFERSON TOVrNSHIP. 

This township occupies a place in the west tier of town- 
ships. It is bounded on the south by Jackson, on the west 
by Montgomery County, on the north by Sugar Creek and 
Washington Townships, and on the west by Center. A part 
of it was originally embraced in the Indianreserve. Jefferson 
contains about forty-six sections, two sections and a half out 
of the northeast corner makes that much less than forty-eight 
square sections. The township is drained by Wolf Creek and 
Walnut fork of Sugar Creek. The former flows ia a north- 
western direction entering Sugar Creek Township. The latter 
flows west, leaving the township at section thirty, entering 
Montgomery County near the town of Shannondale. Dover, 
near the center, is now and has been for years the voting place 
and trading point in Jefferson. The trade is, however, divided 
between Lebanon, Thorntown and Shannondale. To say the 
township as a rule is well cultivated would not be saying too 
rauch. Naturally of good soil, assisted by good husbandry. 
good crops are annually gathered, unless drouth or wet weather 
preventing. 

It was first settled about the year 1829, and in the fall of 
that year James Scott entered the first land. Next came Wm. 
Young. In 1830 Michael I). Campbell, Alle Lane, Ed. (Jox, 
Wra. Hill, John G. Thompson, Lewis Denny, Wm. i\I. Mc- 
Burrows, Abraham Utter, R. Cox, Clayburn Cain. A little 
later came -the Cald wells, Taylors, John Hill, Adam Kern, 
John Stephenson, Wm. Darrough, Thos. M. Burris, Sarnuei 
Moore, Gid. Jackson, Rual Jackson, Sampson Bowen, Erskins, 
Threilkelds, Jas. A. Thompson, James Davis, Irwins, Samuel 
HoUingsworth. Later came Nathan Cory, Manial Heistand, 



24 EAEI.Y LIFE AND TIMES IX 

the Bowtnaiis, Styhes, Wm. Sanfoid, Jesse Jackson, Vs'.G. 
Cory, La FoUatts, ^Matthew Harris, Elias Garner, J. II. Potts, 
Georg(; F. Campbell, Madison Erskin, M. B, Porter, "\^^ W. 
Alexander, David Caldwell, Elijah ]SI. Denny. 

Clayburn Young conducted the first religious services at his 
brother's house (\Ym. Young) in the year 1831. For many 
years there was no church here, and the meetings were held at 
tlie private houses of the early settlers. There are now many 
good, commodious edifices located in various ])laces in tVie 
township. A separate account vv'ill be given in another part 
of this work. 

William Young was the first justice elected in the town- 
ship. The first election was held at the house of Michael D. 
Campbell, in the spring of 1833, at which time William Mc- 
Burrows was elected Justice of the Peace. The population of 
the township in 1870 was 1,675, in 1880 it was 1,998. Num- 
ber of school houses in 1884:, 13; number of school children 
in 1884, l,09o; number of voters in 1886, o60. The Indian- 
apolis, Cincinnati & Louisville Railroad crosses t!ie northeast 
corner of the township, or rather the corners, first on one 
corner and tiien a short distance across the southwest corner 
of Washington then across another corner of Jefferson, per- 
haps not more than a mile in length in the townshij), entering 
Sugar Creek at the extreme southeast corner. 

The following persons have served as township trustees: 
James H. P^tts, Manial Hustand, J. V.Young, J. M. Erskin, 
Wm. A. Harvey, Josepli A. Campbell, F. M. La Follett, Lee 
H. Miles, and George T. Young, elected April, 18SG. 

MARIOX TOWNSHIP. 

Marion Township occupies the north corner of the County. 
It is bounded on the east by Hamilton County, on the south 
by Union, on the west by Clinton Township and on the north 
by Clinton County. It contains forty-six sections. It is 
<lrained bv the headwaters of Big Eu<j;le flowing south, 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 25 

leaving the township at section tsventy-three, wlsere it enters 
Union Township. The Michigan road passes throngh the 
•entire. township, bearing to the northwest, entering at the 
south side midway of the township, leaving at the northwest 
corner, where it enters Clinton County. The land is fully up 
to the average of other sister townships, and in fact in any 
■other improvements, such as ditching, buildings, roads, sch.ool 
houses, etc. Big Springs, on the line between Marion and 
Union, is the principal trading place and postoffice, and has 
been for many years. The township originally was covered 
•with the finest growth of timber, and that of the best and 
most valuable kinds, such as poplar, oak, walnut and ash. 
The Air Line Railroad cuts off a little corner at the extreme 
northeast, and where Terhune, a new town, is located. It 
is a trading place, also containing a postoffice and other 
mechanical shops, stores, etc. Kimberlain and Slab Town 
are both small villages. The latter on the Michigan Road, in 
the south part of the townsliip. Among the first to move in 
this township were Edward Jackson and Caleb Richardson, 
who came in 1831, settled on Big Eagle, followed soon after 
by William and John Parr. Alfred Srite, William Lane and 
Lewis Harris settled in the south part of the township in 
1833. In the spring of 1834 came Mr. Turpin, John Burns, 
Milton Hickson. Settled in 1835, Joseph McCoy, .John 
Runo. A little later came the Stephensons. Jacob Johns, 
followed by Samuel Evans, Jesse_ _Ba.k&C? Joseph Kimbal, 
Robert McNulty, John Wright, John Beard, John King, 
Samuel Moore, John ]Moore, John ^^'right, James Moore, 
Smith Castor, Robert Bell, Richard Cornell, Samuel Meyers. 
Perhaps the first school taught in Marion was in the winter 
•of 1833. In the year 1836 a log school house was built near 
Big Springs, and from that time until this the school matters 
have moved along, steadily progressing, until now beautiful 
and well arranged houses dot the township, happy, well clad 
children flocking to school in every direction, with books, 
slates and other necessary school outfit. In 1833 a few strag- 



26 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

ling urchins might have been seen trudging through the snow 
to the little log house in the woods, a goose quill and a spelling- 
book — a complete supply of the then needed equipments 
Marion has made similar progress in other directions as well- 
Good roads have taken the place of the blazed paths ; the wild 
waters are confined to ditches ; the few truck patches have- 
given way to well cultivated fields that spread out in every 
direction. 

The population of Marion in the year 1870, was 1,786 ; iiv 
1880 it was 2,307. Number of voters in 1886 was 726; num- 
ber of school children in 1885 was 899; number of school 
houses thirteen. The following have served as Trustees:; 
Richard Cornell, P. E. McNeal, James A. Richardson, Joseph 
N. Sample, J. A. J. Sims, Robert Bell, William Bell, W. F. 
Cobb and Joslah Stevenson, now acting, elected April, 1886, 

PERRY TOWNSHIP. 

This is the smallest township in the county. It contains^ 
less than twenty sections, being a little deficient at the north- 
west corner to make it full twenty sections. It is bounded od 
the west by Harrison Township, on the south by Hendricks 
County, on the east by Eagle and Worth Townships, and on 
the north by Center Township. The principal water course- 
is White Lick; flowing south it enters Hendricks County, leav- 
ing Perry in section eleven. Fayette is located on this stream,, 
and is the only town in the township. Here is the voting^ 
place as well as the center of trade. A separate account will 
be given under the head of "Sketch of Fayette." This town- 
ship was settled as early as 1830. Among the early settlers 
were Edmund Shirly, Jesse Turner, Alexander Fortner, Aaroit 
Smith, Jno. K. Edwards and his father, the Doyles, Eli 
Smith and his father, the Slaigles, the Smiths, i. e. D. W. 
and B. H. Smith and their father, the Glendenings, Peter 
Keney, the Sullivans, the Dickersons, the Charaberses, G. W. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 27 

Lumkins, Dauiei Leap, Thos. Leap, E. WoUen and E. 
Thornly. Mrs. Thornly, the oldest woman in the county, is 
yet living; she is ninety-one years old. These settlers were 
soon joined by the Wilsons, Elijah S. Williams, Thos. Jack- 
son, the Penningtons and Jos. Belt. It is said that a Mr, 
Schenck taught the first subscription school in Perry Town- 
ship in the year 1836. The Baptists held the first religious 
meetings in private houses. A few years later a society was 
formed known as " Mt. Tabor." A house was built by that 
society, and now it is known far and wide as Old Mt. Tabor, 
(See a sketch of it in another place under the head of " Sketch 
of Mt. Tabor Baptist Church.") Among the ministers here 
were Isaac Leap, Peter Keney, and the elder Edwards, 
Shepherdsville, in the eastern part of the township, is a small 
place. Mr. Glendenen is the proprietor of the store here. 
There is a postoffice also, which is a great convenience to the 
people in this part of Perry. The soil is generally good and 
is in a high state of cultivation. Ditching is going on in 
every direction. Many tasty residences are springing up. 
The roads are also improving. One of the oldest roads in the 
county passes through Perry Township, known as the Indian- 
apolis and Lafayette State Road. It is now and has been for 
sixty years a highway very much traveled. The population 
of Perry Township in 1870 was 1,209 ; in 1880 it was 1,240. 
The number of voters in 1886 was 257. The number of 
.school children in 1884 was 402. There are eight school 
houses in the township; two are of brick and six frame. This 
is up to the year 1886. The following have served as Trus- 
tees: J. B. Howard, Etlward Woolen, John W. Doyle, Isaac 
Leap, William Schenck, Eli Smith, Peter Keney, John K. 
Edwards, Preston Smith, A. J. Smith and Thomas Jackson, 
elected April, 1886. 



28 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 



SUGAR CREEK TOWNSHIP. 

Sugar Creek Township occupies the northeast corner of 
the county. It is six miles from east to west, and five and 
one-half miles from north to south. It contains thirty-three 
sections, and is bounded as follows : On the north by Clinton 
County, on the east by A^'ashingtou Township, on the south 
by Jefferson Townsliip, and on the west by ^Montgomery County. 
It is drained principally by Sugar Creek, which enters the 
township from Washington Township at section twenty-five. 
Flowing west it leaves the township at section thirty-one, and 
enters Montgomery County. About one-half of the township 
lies on each side of the creek. The Indianapolis, Cincinnati 
& Lafayette Railroad passes through the township, entering 
at the southeast corner. It passes through Thorntown and 
leaves the township near where sections sixteen and seventeen 
unite. Wolf Creek flows northwest and enters Sugar Creek 
near the center of the township. Prairie Creek enters Sugar 
Creek at a short distance northeast of Thorntcwn. Morri- 
son's Creek flows from the northeast and enters Sugar 
Creek at section thirty, on the west side of the town- 
ship. Some of the finest land to be found anywhere can be 
seen here. That part known far and M'ide as " Sugar Plain " 
is the garden spot of the township and perliaps county. The 
township is number one as a rule, and coupled with this we 
find it is highly cultivated, has excellent buildings, commod- 
ious barns and other evidences of thrift and prosperity. Orig- 
inally there was some of the finest timVjer here, such as walnut, 
poplar, oak and ash. A few remaining trees and stumps tell 
what it must have been in its former state. Thorntown, 
the only town in the townsiilp, located on Sugar Creek, is a 
town of some note. In another ])lace we will say more about 
it under the head of •'Sketch of Tliorntown." The township 
up to the year 1828 was in the Indian Reserve, a strip of land 
ten miles square, occu[>ied and owned by a tribe of Miami 



BOONE C(»UNT\', INDIANA. 29 

Indians. They remained until the year 1833 or '34. Here 
may vet be seen some of their burying grounds. Thornto-A'n 
was at one time the headquarters for French traders as early 
as the year 1800. They kept up a trade with the Indians and 
early trappers. At one time near Thorntown the Indians 
raised corn. Some of the people living there now remember 
seeing the hills where the corn grew, as well as other evidences 
of cultivation. Sugar Greek Township is historic ground. 
Here the Indian wooed his dusky mate, danced the war dance, 
sung the songs of the hunter, smoked t1ie pipe of peace and 
buried their dead in a sitting position. Those who were actors 
then have long since gone to the happy hunting grounds. 
After the Government came into possession of the Reserve the 
laud was offered for sale at Cra^vtbrdsville in November, 1829. 
Among the early purchasers were Cornelius Westfall, William 
Kenworthy, Samuel Lucas, paying from S1.2o to S4.00 per 
acre for it. The first settler was Geo. Harness, with the small 
family of wife and twelve children. This must have been in 
the year 1830. Mr. Harness seems to have had a hard time. 
After he and his wife had worked in harness in more ways 
than one he finally lost his land. He lived to the age of 108 
years, dying in 187G on the Michigan Road in Clinton County, 
Indiana. This township was organized in 1831. The first 
election was held at the house of William Kenworthy, April, 
1832, when Benjamin Sweeney, and Jas. Van Eaton were 
elected Justices of the Peace, and Green Foster and David 
Laudrum, Constables. About this time quite a number of 
families came; among them were Joshua Burnham. Jas. Scott, 
Joshua and Jas. Van Eaton, John Skeen, Wm. Gypson, Csaac 
(iypson (now living). Later came Samuel Brenton, Hugh 
Moffitt, Jeremiah Moffitt, Mr. Benson, ^Slr. Baker, Mr. Blue, 
Wm. Childers, John Miller, Adrian Ball, IsuaeX'ojtbot, Benj. 
Lewis, John Furgeson, Abraham Utter, Wm. Turner, Xathaa 
-Maroney, Wm. Payne, Robert Cook, Robert Morrison, Thos. 
Goldsbury, Eli Goldsbury, Samuel Cass, Adam Boyd, Wm. 



30 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

Auden, Asa Fall, J. S. McConnell, Samuel Van Eaton, Elish 
Riley, Geo. Osburn and Oliver Craven. 

The first mill was built by John G. Pierce, on Prairie 
Creek, in the spring of 1833. This was a saw mill. Silas 
Kenworthy built the first grist mill on Sugar Creek. Bonham 
Kester built the first carding mill in 1837. The first steam 
flouring mill was built in 1856 by David Biuford and Henry 
Wetheral, just south of Thorntown. The first white child 
was born at the house of Green Forster in 1831. The first 
death was Jemima Harness, October, 1829. The second death 
was Mary A. ^Yestfall. She was the first person buried in 
the old cemetery north of Thorntown. The first marriage was 
that of John Pauly and Emily Sweeney, in July, 1832. The 
first religious meeting was held at the house of Cornelius 
Westfall, by Claybourn Young. The first church organiza- 
tion in the township was in 1832; Stephen Ball was the 
preacher. Soon after the Presbyterians organized with Clay- 
burn as minister. This was in 18)3. A few years later the 
Quakers built a log house that served them several years, when 
they built their present commodious house on the site of the 
old one west of Thorntown. The Christians, in 1842, organ- 
ized a society, and first held meetings in private houses, as all 
other organizations did. The Missionary Baptist was tlie last 
to form a society. This they did a few years later. All now 
have houses to worship in in different parts of the county. 
The first tan-yard was started by Zachariah Gipson, in the 
summer of 1832. The first merchant was A. H. Baldridge. 
Isaac Morgan kept the first tavern. The first tailor was 
Robert Hamil. The first carpenter was John Alexander, the 
first blacksmith Mosas McCIure and the first shoemaker 
Thomas Young. The first hatter was Samuel Daily. The 
first M-agonmaker was George Mcljaughlin. The first pot- 
ter, Oliver Craven, now livino: in Thorntown. The first 
saddler was Mark A. Micham and the first doctor was Mr. 
Farmer, foHowed by Drs. Anions, Davis, Ephraim Rudasill, 
W. P, Davis, Martin \V. Gentry and J. J. Nesbitt, who was 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 31 

afterwards County Treasurer. He died in Ohio in 1864. The 
first attorney was Rufus A. Lockwood, followed by Jacob 
Angle, and John S. Davis. The first postoffice was opened at 
4 he house of Wra. Kenworthy, east of Thorntown, in 1832. 
Eobert Hamil was the first postmaster proper in Thorntown. 
The first school teacher in Thorntown was Jefferson Hillis. 
Mrs. Polly Gipson has been the longest resident in the place. 
:She is the daughter of James Scott, who- came in 1829. Oliver 
•Craven has served as Justice of the Peace over forty years.- 
The population of the county in 1870 was 3,138. In 1880 it 
was 3,015. There are ten school houses, nine of which are 
brick and one frame. The number of school children in 1884 
was 535. Number of voters in 1886 was 713. Value of 
school property S12,600. The following have served as Trus- 
tees: N. W. Weakley, William Kirby, J. T. McCorkle, M. E. 
McCorkle, Joseph Cones, G. W. Cones, Robert Reese, I. N. 
Wilson, A. C. Clark and J. M. Wilson, elected April, 1886. 

UNION TOWNSHIP. 

This township is bounded on the north by Marion Town- 
ship, on the east by Hamilton County, on the south by Eagle 
Township and on the west by Center and Worth Townships. 
It contains twenty-five sections. The surface along Big Eagle 
and Mount's Run is somewhat broken, but is well adapted for 
grazing purposes. Big Eagle flows through the township from 
north to south, crossingr the Michio^an Road one mile south of 
Rosston and one-half mile north of Northfield in section 
three. Mount's Run flows through the township, entering 
Eagle Creek at the south part of section ten. Finiey Creek 
comes in from the northeast and enters Eagle a short distance 
southwest of Northfield. Jackson's Run also enters the town- 
ship. The Michigan Road passes through the entire town- 
ship, entering at the south in section fourteen, running a little 
to the west of north and leaving in section twenty-eight, where 
it enters Marion township. It is perhaps the best naturally 



32 EARLY LIFE AND TIMKS IX 

drained of all the townships in the county, excepting Efuj,le- 
The settlement of Union dates back as far as 1826, when tnt- 
following pioneers entered the wilderness: Jesse Lane^ Ed- 
ward Lane, John I^ane. Samuel Lane, Benj. Cruse, Henry 
Koontz, John L, Koontz, Jacob Johns, Geo. ^Yalk;er, Riley 
B. Hogshire, George Shirts, John Davis, Jas. Richardson and 
the Scdgwicks. Soon after came Henry Nichols, Jacob Tip- 
ton, Jacob Jones, James and Wm. Ross, the Dooleys, Shoe- 
makers, Washington Hutton, John Dulin, the Stephensons, 
Peterses, Alexanders, Wesley Smith, Kincaids, Wra. O. Carey, 
Vances, Andrew Harvey, John Pitman, James Alexander,, 
Abraham Newcomer, tlie Giffords, Hicksous, Henry ?vl. Mar- 
vin, John Mur[)hy, Jas. D\e, Wysongs, John A. Dulin, Levi 
P. Shoemaker, Nelsons, Hollingsworths, Levi King, James 
Berrv, Henrv Good and Isaac Dve. The first relig^ious meet- 
ings were held in 1832, at tlie house of Mr. Sedgwick. They 
were conducted by Thos. Brown. The first election was held 
in 1834. when John Berry was elected Justice of the Peace. 
He was succeeded by Abner Sanborn. The first mill was 
built and run by Hiram McQuindy. The Methodists built 
the first church. They were soon after followed by the Bap- 
tists. There are now several good churches, representlng- 
uearly all the denominations. There is a Methodist Church 
at Northfield, also a Seventh-Day Adventist Church, erected 
and dedicated December, 1886. The Baptists have a brick 
church at Mount's Run. There is a cemetery there where are 
buried a number of pioneers. Northfield, one of the oldest 
villages of the county, is located on the Michigan Road. This 
has been the voting place for a number of years. There is a 
postofiice also. Among the early physicians were Dr. Mc- 
Leod, Dr. J. S. Hardy and Dr. Presly. Jacob Tilton, Hiram ^ 
McQuiddy and Chauncey Cole were early merchants. Ross- 
ton, two miles north, was laid out about the time the Ander- 
son & St. Louis Railroad was surveyed. It occupies land 
owned by the Ross boys. There is qtiite a little trade here, 
especially since the railroad was finished from Anderson to 




BENJAMIN BOOHER. 



BOONE COU>TY, INDIANA. 33 

Leb.inon, Jaouary 22, 1887. There is a postoffice here, two 
variety stores, and a Masonic Lodge. A switch will soon be 
put in, when it will be a shipping point of some importance. 
The population of the town.ship in 1870 was 1,057; in 1880 
it was 1,092 ; the number of voters, 250 ; the number of school 
children in 1886 was 356. There are eight school houses, 
three of which are brick and five frame. The Methodists have 
a society at Big Spring and a good frame church. This has been 
a popular place for meetings for the last forty years, and many 
small camp-meetings are held here. The house is located near 
the Marion Township line. The line between Marion and Union 
Townships divide the village of Big Spring. Union Town- 
ship has made good progress as a rule in the way of buildings, 
roads, schools, ditching, etc. Many of the pioneers are dead. 
A few remain while others have moved away. Could some 
of them visit the township now what changes would greet them 
on every hand. The little cabin in the woods gone, the little 
bridle-path turned into a pike, the green woods into well-cul- 
tivated fields. The pioneers here, as well as in other town- 
ships, had much to contend with in their new homes, no mills,, 
no schools and no neighbors. But deprived of them they had 
their enjoyments. The people were sociable in the extreme. 
Their wants were comparatively few. The Trustees are as 
follows: J. F. Stephenson, Geo. Shoemaker, J, M. Koons, H. 
M. Marvin, R. G. Nelson, W. H. Dooley, Geo. Norwood, L. 
P. Shoemaker, J, M. Reed, Jas. Hubanks, and Geo. Stepheu- 
scfn, elected November, 1886. 

WASHINGTON TOWNSHIP. 

This township occupies the west center of the north tier of 
townships. Sugar Creek passes through from east to v/est. 
About one-third of the township lies north and two-thirds 
south of the creek. Spring Creek flo^vs from the southeast 
part to the northwest, entering Sugar Creek in section thirty, 
3 



34 E.vKLY lAFE AND TIMES IN 

at the S. Titus farm. Prairie Creek enters the township from 
Center at section ten, flows west and leaves the tc)wnshi;j at 
section seven, where it enters Sugar Creek Township, About 
one-thirtf of this township was originally embraced iu the 
"'^Indian Reserve/' which was bought by the Government iu 
1828. This township contains thirty-five and a half sections, 
-and nearly all is of the very best land. Here, where well- 
cultivated fields are now found, originally stood some of the 
finest timber. The Indianapolis, Cincinnati c^ Lafayette 
Railroad runs across the southwest corner of the tow^u- 
ship, Hazelrigg station is named after the late H. G. 
Hazelrigg, who formerly owned the land in and about the 
.station, Mechauicsburg (Reese Mill P, O,) is located in the 
eastern part of the township near where Brown's Wonder 
unites with Sugar Creek. The first settlers began to arrive 
liere about 1832, when the township was organized. The fol- 
lowing are the names of some who came first: The first elec- 
tion w^as held at the house of John S. Polk, A])rii, 1832, 
when John Slocura and J, S. Polk were elected Justices of the 
Peace, sixty votes being cast. John Pauly and ^Vra. Brown 
were elected constables at the .same time. Among the first 
Tjcttlers were John X, Fall, John Wilky, Joshua Allen, ^Vm. 
West, Able Pennington. The above named persons came be- 
fore the sale of land in 1829. After that time the followiujr 
persons came : Joshua Burnham, Benj. Crose, James Scoit, 
Samuel Reese, John Slocum, Thos, McCann, Wra. Pauly, Jas. 
Turner, Benj, Sweeney, John ^Morehead, Jacob Skeen, Abrani 
Buckhaltor, Samuel and James Foreman, John Kersey, Benj, 
aud Ste])hen Titus, Xathnniel Titus, Samuel Casou and John 
-CradleVmugh. Among other settlers are John Higgins, Robr. 
Slocum, tiie Becks, Sleighbecks, Chambers, Thornberrys, 
John Graham, the Buntin.s, Goldsbeys,- Bowens, AV. W. 
Philli[)~. Campbells, Xathan Garrett, Richies, Boni'.m 
iStout, Jas, P. Alills, Samuel Long and Jos. Hollings- 
worth. The first grist mill was built by David Ross in 1831, 
on Spring Brancli. Bor.am Stout built the first grist mill at 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 



9r^ 



Meohanicsburg in 1838. John and Koah Hardesty built the 
mill now known as the "Adney " mill on Sugar Creek in 1840. 
Michael and Augustus Chase built the Ben Crose mill. The 
first church was a log structure built by the Baptists in 1835, 
on the David Ross farm. The first meetings were held at the 
house of ^Vm. Pauly about the year 1830. The first school 
was taught by Daniel Ellis. Jas. P. Mills built the first tan- 
yard in the township. The township has improved rapidly 
during the last few years. A system of drainage has been 
built in every direction, and much of the land is in a high 
state of cultivation. ]\Iechanicsburg, the center of quite a 
local trade, was laid out in 1835 by Jas. Snow. Hazelrigg 
Station is also a very good town. The Casou graveyard, in 
the south part of the township, is one of the oldest burying 
places, as well as Bethel. Here many monuments are erected 
to the memory of the pioneers. A small cemetery is located 
on Brush Creek in the northwest part of the township; also 
one south of Pike's Crossing. Pike's Crossing is five miles 
north of Lebanon, at the crossing of the Frankfort and 
Lebanon Pike and the Strawtown and Thorntown Road. 
There is a postofficc and several nice residences here. The 
farms show every evidence of thrift and prosperity. The 
population in 1870 was 1,391; in 1880 it was 1,352. Num- 
ber of voters in 1886 was 349; number of school children in 
1886 was 441. There are ten brick school houses in the town- 
ship. The following have acted as Trustees : John Higgius, 
H. G. Hazelrigg, Robert Slocum, B. F. Lumpkins, J. S. Har- 
rison, Albert Helm and Robert Herr, elected in April, 188G. 
Washington Township is the only one in the county that has 
a Township House, that is, a place where the voting is done 
and other township meetings held. It is a brick building, 
centrally located, on or near the site of the old Bethel Church, 
and where there is a cemetery. 

• 1550984 



«.'1>X 



36 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 



WORTH TOWNSHIP. 



The above township contains twenty-one sections. It was 
created in 1851, out of territory taken from adjoining town- 
ships. There are no water courses here. The extreme head- 
waters of Fishback have their source in the south part of 
Worth. The Indianapolis, Cincinnati & Lafayette Railroad 
passes through from the southeast to the northwest, dividing 
the townships into equal parts. Whitestown, on the railroad 
and near the center, is the voting place and the headquarters 
for the business transactions of the township. Holmes Station, 
founded by John Holmes, was in earlier days quite a business 
place. Mr. Holmes built a warehouse about the year 1860. 
At one time a large amount of grain was taken in here, but 
of late years the business has been discontinued. A separate 
account of Whitestown will be found under the head of " Sketch 
of Whitestown." Worth is without doubt the levelest town- 
ship in the county and contains as fine land as can be found in 
Indiana. The farmers have testec to perfection the benefit of 
drainage, thousands upon thousands of dollars having been 
expended. Could the tile that is buried under the ground be 
exposed on the surface the ground would be red. 

At one time within the memory of the writer Worth Town- 
ship was a gloomy looking place. In any direction you might 
look the vast forest would greet you on one hand and a sea of 
water all around running at will. Among the early pioneers 
to attack the forests in this part of the county were the fol- 
lowing: Beginning in the year 1830 Richard Hull, John and 
James McCord and James White. This little band were soon 
joined by Thos. Harmon, Adam Kettering, Joseph White and 
John Smith. No county can get along without a John Smith, 
and he came. The fact is he always comes, and it is curious 
that we don't run out of material, but the supply equals the 
demand in this as well as other cases. A few years later the 
following persons came: Philip Lucus, John Neese, Philip 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 37 

L<ncas, Solomon Neese, Abraham Hedrick, Mosos Neese, J«ohn 
Isenhour, Louis and George llauser, David Ray, Benjamin 
Booher, Samuel Ray, Henry Lucas, George Lucas, Abraiiam 
!^seese, William Stateu, Cris:^opher Bowers, Daniel Biick, 
John Peters, the Sanders family, the Laughners, Schoolers, 
Utrerbacks, Engledoves, Harmons, Otingers, Bohannans and 
Goods. The first school was taught by Henry Lucas, in 
1S37. He was for many years identified with his township, 
serving as justice and trustee for several years. He was a 
good man and a firm friend to his county and township and 
spent the most of his life here. He died recently in the vvest, 
the time and place we are unable to give. Among the early 
ministers we find Rev. John Good, Sen., J. A. Rudasill, Rev. 
E. S. Henkle, John Good, Jun., and Rev. Livengood. The 
number of voters in 1886 was 342 ; number of school children, 
533; number of school houses, 8. The growth of Worth has 
been marvelous. The population in 1870 was 1,342; in 1880 
it was 1,425. The school houses are all of l)rick. The fol- 
lowing have served as trustees: Henry Lucas, Jos. Westner, 
Geo. Hauser, Geo. Hedrick, John Schooler, and Samuel N. 
Good, elected in April, 1886. ^ , 

/ / % 

THE CITY OF LEBANON. 

In pursuance to an act of the Legislature of 1830, this 
-county was organized, and in conformity to the same act, the 
Governor of the State was authorized to appoint five commission- 
•ers, whose duty it was to locate the county seat of this county. 
Three of these fivs commissioners for this purpose met near 
the center of the county about the 1st of May, 1831. It was 
their duty, according to the law, to locate the site for the county 
seat within two miles of the center of the county. After pros- 
pecting various sites near the center of the county, tiiey finally 
•came on to the tract of land where Lebanon is now located. 
This tract of land then belonged to Colonel Kinnard, in which 



38 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

it appears that Colonel Drake was also interested. Hert; then 
stood a tall, dense forest of large trees, among which the small 
growth of underbrush and saplings were so dense as to obsrruet 
the passage of man or beast, i After two or three days of toil 
in looking for a location for" the county seat, the commis- 
sioners stopped on the rise of ground where the court-house 
now stands, though this particular spot was then surrounded 
by willow ponds, and outside of these ponds the trees were 
a hundred feet in height. Here the commissioners were 
reposing. Meantime quite a crowd of unkempt Hoosiers had 
assembled to see the comraissoners and find the location of the 
new county seat in the deep, wild woods. The Commissioner* 
had made their decision that here was the county scat; they 
drove a large stake wliere the court-house now stands. That 
stake was all that was then done in the construction of the 
city of Lebanon. Then there was noL a human being resident 
in Lebanon — no, not even an Indian wigwam nor a log hut. 
It was in its native glory; but the name — it was yet without 
a Dame. The commissioners had failed as yet to give it a 
name ; they could not agree. Mr. A. M. French, the youngest 
of the commissioners, lay near by, quietly sleeping, uncon- 
cerned what the name might be. 'He was aroused and told that 
tiie others, having failed in agreeing on a name for the county 
seat of the State of Boone, had deferred the name solely to 
him. He gazed up at the tall trees around him, and the 
thought of the tall cedars of Lebanon in sacred history — he 
thought of the river Jordan — here were the tall trees, a little 
way olf was Prairie Creek ; thus the name was evolved in his 
mind — he shouted " Lt^bauon." The name was fixed. Leb- 
anon it has henceforth been. 

In the year 18G2 Abner H. Longlev, the first settler, located 
in Lebanon, and erected a one-room log cabin on lot No. 1, 
block Xo. IG, where the marble front building now stands. 
In the summer time, in front of his round-log cabin, he set 
posts in the ground, and of the green leafy boughs of the trees 
he constructed a portico, such only as it was. Such was I^eb- 



BOONE COCXTY, INDIANA. 39 

anon's beginning. Then railroads, gravel roads, telegraph?, 
telephones, gas, and coal " ile " were uncivilized and uuthought- 
of iristitutions. Then cities were not built by electricity nor 
eas; in most instances their g-rowth was slow. To clear awav 
the great forest which stood where Lebanon now " booms " 
was no easy task. To drain the willow ponds, then within 
the limits of the present city, was no small job of work ; yet 
Lebanon did grow — or rather, it has evolved, or been made 
to evolve. The v.-onder is, considering its adverse environ- 
ments, that it has accomplished as much as it has: but it was 
the county seat, and it had to become something. The county 
could not exist without the county seat. It was the capitol of 
the "State of Boone," and grow it must, otherwise it might 
have become a "distressed" farm, with drain tile privileges. 

In 1840, when the writer first visited Lebanon, the city 
consisted of a few frame buildings, then mostly surrounding 
the public square. In a wet time the streets were, in many 
places, impassable. The sidewalks around the square were 
made by blocks of wood sawed off and set upon end, and upon 
these blocks planks were laid lengthwise of the walk, and in a 
time* of high water these became afloat, and passing afoot was 
not desirable; neither were swimming privileges very good — 
the pedestrian could often float. The walls of the first brick 
court-house were up in 1840, but the house then was not fin- 
ished. It stood where the court-house now stands, the new 
house being erected in 1856. To "outside barbarians" Leba- 
non, even in 1856, had no great promise of being anything 
more than a dull, unattractive town. The first railway (/. e. 
the iron one) was completed tiirough the city in 1852. This, 
for the city and county, v.-as a hopeful institution, for, in places, 
it was above high tide. In grovvth Lebanon never has liad 
any sensational "boom," though it has what might be called 
a good and convenient court-house, also an excellent jail, sev- 
eral convenient and substantial church edifices, and an excel- 
lerit opera building, besides the usual number of good business 
buildings for a city of its size, and quite a number of fine and 



40 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN' 

tasteful mansions, wliile the fri-eater number of dwellings are 
common to verv humble. It also has two fiourintr mills — 
one of these extra in finish and machinery. It has two lum- 
ber dressing and planing factories, one plow-handle factory, 
two common school buildings, and another one to be erected 
In 1887. ]Many of the streets are either macadamized or 
graveled. The sideways of the streets are average good. The 
population now is estimated at 4,000; and, in brief, it is 
now a business center for the whole county, and docs as much 
trade and business as any city of its size in the state. This 
fact is fairly conceded by strangers, as well as our own citizens. 
It never has been much involved in debt and is mainly clear 
from debt at this time. Hence its people may well commend 
it as a city of promising and prospective growth and prosper- 
ity, while its prospf^ct is only to have a healthful and steady 
growth ; and while it boasts no ancient cedars, nor a rapid 
Jordan, it can fairly boast of being surrounded by and occu- 
pying the center of one of the most desirable counties of soil 
for agricultural purposes in the state. Such is Lebanon and 
its environments. 

The ^lidland Railroad was finished to Lebanon in Janu- 
ary, 1887. Amonor the earlv citizens of Lebanon were, A. H. 
Longley, John Patterson, William Smith, David Hoover. 
James Ricley was the first tailor, A. H. Shej)pard the second. 
Joseph Hocker was the first attorney. Soon after Jacob Angle 
■came; he was the second attorney, and Stephen Xeal the third. 
The early pliyslcians were, McConnaha, Me Workman, ^y. X. 
Simpkins, John J. Xesbitt, and soon after, Dr. A. J. Porter. 
The first merchants were, William Zion, John J-^orsyth. The ^ 
first tavern keepers, John Patterson, William Smith, A. H, 
Sheppard. Mr. Olive made hats in an early day. 

Stephen X'eal. 

Mr. Xeal has said so mucli about Lebanon, and said it so 
■well, that we have little to add. Every citizen of the county 
must be justly proud of the county seat. It now ranks among 
the average county seats in the state, and is ra})idly advancing 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 41 

in every way. At this writiu;; (18S7) preparations are being 

made to bora for natural g'iS, and perhaps before this is in 

print the fluracs from a well may light up the city. In 

,• December, 18SG, the city was first lit by raanufacturod gas, 

, and it is one of the many improvements made recently. 

.' The town was incorporated in 1853, by an act of the Leg- 

j islature the winter previous; but, as time advanced, its clothes 
got too short for it, and in 1875 it was incorporated as a city, 
with the followino officers servinc; as mavors, lor it was first 
organized up to 1886 : Samuel L. Hamilton, T. W. Lockhart, 
W. C. Gerrard, J. L. Pierce, J. C. Laughlin, J. M. Kelsy. 
The following have served as clerks: W. A. Zion, Charles E. v 
Willson, C. Copeland, C. P. Kern, W. O. Daruall. Treasur- 
er^': W. H. Richey, J. M. Conyears. Marshals: Jesse Per- 
kins, J. W. Herrod, O. C. Witt, W. A. Mellett, F. Laugher. 
Assessors: Lysander Darnall, H. A. Shultz. The following 
Lave served as Councilmen : From the first ward, from 187v5 
to 1886— A. O. Miller, A. C. Daily, Jesse Perkins, J. L. Hall, 
L. S. Lakin, H. C. Brush, Charles Daily, Jesse Neff, A. J. 
Sanders, F. M. Kersy, J. P. McCorckle. From the second 
ward — J. R. Ailsworth, James Males, F. M. Busby, Elias W. 
Brown, J. W. Garner, Granville Hutch ings, James Combs, 
James Weed, Peter Cox, Patrick Ryan, H. C. Ulin, Jasper J. 
Cory, D. A. Rice. From the third ward — Sol. Witt, Jasper 
Kelsy, John L. Crane, M. C. Kleiser, J. A. Alexand'.-r, 
Wes. Lane, C. X. Kellogg, William L. Higgins, W. T. Hoo- 
len, Jacob Byerly, J. A. Brown. 

THOR^'TO^VN. 

No one could write up the early events of the county and 
forget the above town, for it is located on historic ground. 
Not only was it here that the first settlement took place by 
the whites, but it was the early home and scenes of the red 
man and the French trader and trappers for perhaps near one 
hundred years. Here the Indian built his hut; here tlie 



42 EARI.Y LIFI AND TIM fS IN 

braves wooed their dusky raatet', and the war dance and songs 
were indnlgcd in for years before the whites carae to make a 
settlement. Reader, let us go back sixty years. What dc 
we find — here and there a cabin or a vacated wigwam, loft by 
the retreating Indians. About this time a few hardy pioneers 
settled on Sugar Creek, where the now thriving town stands. 
Slowly but surely it has advanced — first the cabin, then the 
hewed log house, then the frame and finally the brick mansion 
has come to take the place of those rude structures. It has 
taken time to bring about these changes. Many have fallen by 
the way. But few if any now remain who Mere actors in the 
first settlement of Thorntown. ^yhen the railroad was com- 
pleted here it was the signal for general improvement, and its 
future became a fixed fact. Up to that time it was the best 
trading point in the county, outrivaling tlie county seat. 
Beautifully located on Sugar Creek, on one of the best sites in 
the state, amidst one of the finest countries in the state, it 
could not be less than a good town. With its natural advan- 
tages it at once and all the time takes rank among the towns 
of the great State of Indiana. Thorntown is known far and 
wide as one of the healthiest places, as well as the most desira- 
ble to live in, to be found anywhere. From its tew cabins of 
1829, it has grown to be a little city of 1,500 inhabitants — 
industrious, intelligent, thorough-going citizens. The people 
are justly proud of their place, with its bright past; its future 
is no less prosperous. At this writing, February, 1 ;-<87, prepara- 
tions are being made to dig for natural gas, which is now agitat- 
ing the people in our state. Thorntown v.-as the first in our 
county to move in this direction. J jet us hope her most sanguine 
expectations may be more than realized, and that light may 
soon come to them. Following- will be found a letter to the 
Lebanon Patriot, written December, 1886, which will give 
some very interesting facts in regard to Thorntown and 
vicinity, which will account for this seeming short article. 

'* This thriving little city is the oldest in Boone County. In 
the year 1S'21 a settlement was commcmccd in this vicinity. 



boo:ne cou^'TY, Indiana. 43 

and in 1831 the town was surveyed and platted by one Cor- 
nelius Westfall. As far back as 1719 there was an established 
French and Indian trading post at this point. From the year 
1840 to 1875 there was not a licensed liquor establishment in 
the place, and spirits could only be had at the drug stores. 

"The tirst church (Presbytpriau) was' organized in 1831^ 
with Clayborn Young as its minister. The first Sabbath- 
school was organized in 1834. llufils A. Lockwood, of whom 
the Indianapolis Ncics recently gave an interesting sketchy 
was the first attorney at law in the town. Relatives of this 
once famous aud eccentric lawyer are still living here. The 
tirst school house was built in 1834, and was undoubtedly the 
first school house in the county. To-day Thorntown has one 
of the finest aud best arranged schools in the state, with 375- 
pupils. Prof. Linnius Baldwin, of Hamilton County, is the 
present principal, with the following corj)s of efficient teachers i 
H. C. Heal, Xelson Hetherington, Frank Moore, Mrs. Mary 
Gaddis, Miss Kate Beck, Miss Stella Horner aud Miss Mattio 
Matthews. As above stated, the first church organized was 
the Presbyterian. This church has a membership of about 
200, with llev. Samuel Sawyer as its minister. The Method- 
ist Episcopal Church has a membership of about 375. Its- 
pastor is Rev. Isaac Dale, of La Porte. The Baptist Church 
has nearly 100 members at present. This church has no regu- 
lar minister. The Christian Church has a membership ot^ 
about 70. It also has no regular pastor. The secret societies 
are also well represented : Thorntown Lodge No. 113, F. & A. 
31., was organized in 1852, and to-day has a membership of 85. 
Osceola Lodge Xo. 173, I. O. O. F., was organized in 185& 
and at present has a membership of 85. This order has a 
beautiful hall, which it erected in the year 1873, at a cost of 
§5,000. Moriah Encampment No. 83 has 60 members. Eden. 
Lodge No. 149, Degree of Rebecca, ha< 50 members. Less- 
than two years ago, through the etlurts of a few of our young 
men, a Knights of Pythias Lodge was instituted here, with a 
membership of about 30. The growth of this order has been 



44 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

phenomenal. To-day tlipy have over 100 members, nearly all 
young men. This order has suffered a loss of one member 
(Mr. Frank Morton) since its organization. They have a neat 
and comfortable hall, recently fitted up, and are in an exceed- 
ingly prosperous condition. The P. E. Q. Fraternity, com- 
posed entirely of ladies, was organized in 1885. Nothing can 
be learned regarding this society, as the members will not even 
give the meaning of the mystic letters representing t'neir 
order. The Grand Army of the Republic' also have a neat 
hall and have about 50 members. The Knights of Labor 
have an organization here, but we fail to get any particulars 
regarding their order. 

"The first merchant in Thorntown was C. H. Baidridge, 
who opened up a small mercliandise store in the year 1832. 
Of our present business interest we may mention the following : 
Dry goods merchants — A. Mossier, Statesman tt Son, James 
L. Sailors and Harris & Gamso. Grocers — Wm. Curry, W. 
Matthews & Co., Charles Johnson, A. S. Stall, J. T. McKim, 

Dunbar, Barker & Barker, Daniel Hutchings and ]Mrs. 

Thomas Maiden. Hardware and agricultural implements — 
O. B. Eons & Co., ^y. S. Hall and John Y. Young & Sou. 
Druggists — W. C. Burk, James Hanna, T. E. Bradshaw and 
Oeo. Coulson. Watchmakers and jewelers — Chas. E. Wasson, 
Robert A. Stall and Sam Sohl. Boots and shoes — Hanna 
Brothers, Charles Snyder and H. W. Henderson. Millinery — 
Mrs. Allie Shilling and M. A. & L. E. Cheeks. Bankers- 
John Xiven & Co. Our physicians are A. Dunnington, V/m. 
F. Curryer, ^L H. Rose, s'. W. Hawke, J. A. Utter, D. B. 
Davis and E. L. Brown. The legal profession is ably repre- 
sented by the following gentlemen : P. H. Dutch, Samuel M. 
Burk and Abner Y. Austin. Solomon Sharp, L. B. Moore 
and M. ^I. McDowell are the gentlemen who dcjil out justice 
to suit the occasion. Our meat markets are operated by Dan 
B. Buser, Charles Buser and Albert Jaques. Witt & Kleiser 
are proprietors of the steam roller flouring mills. The steam 
iiawmills are owned by Moses Hardin. Photographers — M. 



BOOXE COUNTY, INDIANA. 45 

A. Keeler and Fred Hoifman. N. W. Weakly has for twenty- 
five yearf--, and is still, managing the interests of the ''Big 
Four" at this place. Our corporation affairs are managed by 
the following gentlemen : City Board, A. C. Clark, M. C. 
Moore and A. S. Stahl ; Clerk, T. E. Bradshaw ; Treasurer, 
James Hanna; Marshal, Green McDaniel ; Township Trustee, 
Isaac Wilson. In conclusion we will say that we have a 
beautiful little city and by far the prettiest girls of any town 
in the state." AVe must not forget the Argus, so long and ably 
published by F. B. Rose. It speaks for itself every week, and 
is hailed with delight every issue, by its hundreds of readers. 
It is one of the fixed institutions of the lively little city of 
Thorntown. Long may it live. 

JAMESTOWN. 

No town in Boone County is situated in a more beautiful 
country than the above, located near the south line of Jackson 
Township, also the county line adjoining Hendricks County, 
on the Indiana, Bloomingcon & Western Railroad, also on the 
State Road leading from Indianapolis to Crawfordsville, on the 
west bank of Eel River. It is about twelve miles southwest of 
Lebanon. Jamestown has an interesting history, for it was 
here one of the first settlements was made, away back at least 
to 1826 or 1827. The town was perhaps laid out in 1832, by 
James Mattock and John Gibson, two worthy pioneers. It was 
Mr. Gibson who first built his rude cabin here in 1829. From 
that time to this Jamestown has survived, and is now one of 
the principal trading points in the county, commanding a large 
trade from the adjoining counties of Hendricks and Montgom- 
ery. From this little humble cabin in the woods Jamestown 
has grown to a thriving town of fifteen hundred inhabitants. 
On the completion of the railroad here tlio town began to 
grow rapidly; many substantial buildings have been erected; 
a good M. E. Church of brick, which is a credit to the people 
in Jamestown and vicinitv. The same might be said as to the 



46 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

Ohristian Ciiurch here, also of brick, well loeated and of good 
size. Martin's mill is one of theiixed institutions of the place. 
We must not forget the school building, one of the tiuost as 
well as best the located in county or state. There is ni) 
better evidence of a people's industry and thrift than a good 
school house. The Trotter's Grove adjoining the town on 
the northeast is one of the loveliest to be found any- 
where. Nature has lavished her gifts on this beautiful grove, 
where annual gatherings are held. Good stores and many 
tasteful residences adorn the town, which speak out in tones 
not to be misunderstood by those visiting this ancient town. 
Following will be found a sketch written for the Pioneer De- 
cember 18, 18S6, which will be read with interest. 

AVe must not forget the Jamesiowii Tribune, edited by the 
old veteran, George Snyder, who so long and well has man- 
aged it. It is well gotten up, issued weekly, and its appear- 
ance every Thursday is hailed with delight. Long may this 
good old man live to edit the Tribune. The Jamestown band 
is a credit to the town. Its members are a wide-awake set of 
young men, and the notes of their band are always received 
well by the people hereabouts. 

"The town of Jamestown was laid out about the year 1832, 
by James Mallock and John Gibson — John Gibson was the 
father of G. W. Gibson, one of the present business citizens. 
The first store was opened by Samuel Hughes on the north 
side of Main street. John Galvin, some few years after, sold 
goods on the corner now occupied by J. H. Camplin & Son, 
This place being located on the State Road was a town of great 
importance during the day of stages. Having several hotels 
and livery stables it was made a central point, and consequently 
the changes of coach horses. It is now situated on the Indiana, 
Bloomington & Western Railroad, twenty-seven miles west of 
Indianapolis, this being built about 1870. Has improved 
considerable since that time, reaching a population of nearly 
1,100, but has labored under several difficulties and misfor- 
tunes, there being three large fires, viz: September 5, 1876 



BOONE County, Indiana. 47 

which origiuated in a saloon, burning nearly all the princi}>al 
business rooms and a large hotel, leaving the town in a rather 
critical condition, but by some few determined citizens it'was 
mostly rebuilt; on the morning of Xovcmber 10, 1880, another 
fire started iu the wareroom of a drug store on South Main street 
and l>urned seven of the best business rooms, and September 
11, 1883, another o?ie, burning seven large rooms. Since then 
seven have been erected. No doubt in a year or so all the 
vacant lots will have as good or better rooms and be in a more 
prosperous condition than heretofore. But labor under all these 
fires has somewhat kept up the necessary buildings for 
business occupancy. 

The town is surrounded by as good country and as in- 
telligent, industrious farmers as could be asked, and with all 
this and our energetic citizens there is no reason why it shall 
not rise to as good a point as any in the county. The place at 
one time had a vei-y hard name, about the time of the building 
of the Indiana, Bloomiugton & Western Railroad, one or two 
men being murdered by the gang who worked on the road; 
also at that time there were several places of disreputable char- 
acter, several saloons, which most certainly was the cause. 
But now we have as quiet and peacable a town as is any- 
where to be found. Still the bad name hangs over us, by 
parties who are not visitors here. We have two churches — 
Christian Church, under the pastoral charge of Elder Pritch- 
ard, and M. E. Church, under the pastoral charge of Rev. E. 
W. Lawhon. 

The high school, which building was erected in 1873, is 
most certainly in a prosperous condition under the principal- 
ship of Prof P. V. Voris ; the faculty are as follows : Academic 
department, Prof. Voris; Preparatory, Prof Storm ; Interme- 
diate, Miss Effie Gibson ; Primary, Mrs. Belle Emmons. Our 
oldest settlers are G. W. Gibson, who has been a citizen for 
fifty-eight years, and Dr. G. L. Burk, who has been here for 
forty-six years. The gentlemen who look after the physical 
welfare of our citizens are Dr. G. L. Burk, A. M. Finch, S. J. 



48 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

Banta, W. S. Heady, G. M. Van Arsdeli and F. M. Austin. 
The legal fraternity is ably represented by W. J. Darnall and 
D. C. Brackney. We have four secret societies. I. O. O. F.^ 
No. 222, founded June 20, 1861, witli a membership of nearly 
one hundred ; F. A. M., -with a good membership and in pros- 
perous condition; G. A. R., No. 162, with a membership of 
seventy-five; and Knights of Labor. 

The amount of business done in Jamestown is exceedingly 
large. Emmons & Richmond are doing a large business^ 
working about tifteeu hands at their sawmill and from live to 
ten teams hauling logs; have the last year shipped tifteen cars 
of walnut lumber, and for contract on railroad works bills 
averaged at least five cars a week During the autumn months 
they sawed about 75,000 feet of quartering out, which is used 
as finisliiug lumber. This is done only by mills which stand 
as first-class. This firm deserves great praise for their energy 
and employment of so many laborers, which has been an aid to 
many families. In the mercantile department are J. H. Camp- 
lin & Sou, John H. Cline, W. T. Free, C. K. Slonnegar, 
W. H. Orear & Co., Ihomas B. Williamson, J. H. Steele, 
Thomas Porter, J. T. Burhop, S, B. Summerville and G. 
W. McKeehan. The Eel River Mills are running night 
and day in order to keep up with orders for flour and 
feed. This mill is managed by Wesley Martin & Sons. 
Mr. Martin, Senior, was our miller in an early day, re- 
moving from this county to Minnesota, and returniug only a 
short time since. Grose & Hendricks are our liverymen. John 
Huber has been running a restaurant here for the last twenty 
years. Peter Smith operates a tile factory. Besides supply- 
ing the home market with his products he has shipped several 
car loads to Illinois during the past summer. Our wagon 
factory is conducted by Richard Miller, who also does carriage 
painting and ironing." 



# 






w- 




^" 



'i-'-'%!§j0 ^^^^':i 



'■-^^ 



m 






SAMUEL RODEFER. 



i 



BOOXE COU^sTY, INDIANA. 49 

ZIONSVILLE. 

This is comparatively a new place, dating back only lo 
1852, on the completion of the Indianapolis, Cincinnati & 
Lafayette Railroad. It was laid out on the land of the late 
Elijah Cross, just below and west of where Big and Little 
Eagle Creeks unite. It M-as named after the late AYilliam v 
Zion, of Lebanon. It is fourteen miles from Indianapolis 
and about the same distance from Lebanon, and one mile from 
the south line of Boone County, on the Indianapolis, Cincin- 
nati & Lafayette Hailroad. Among the first merchants were 
John Vaughn, John Smith, Daugherty & Nichols, B. M. 
Gregory; followed soon after by William Yoh, Smith & 
White, W. H. Neuhouse, B. F. Coldwolader, B. W. Harden, 
shoe dealer; J. ]NL Bradly, drugs: C. H. Tingle and J. M. 
Biggers, groceries; Croplen &: Mills, undertaker.-? ; ]\L S. 
Anderson, wagon maker; Perrell <& Perrell, drugs; attorneys 
— Jesse Smith, H. D. Sterrett, M. M. Riggins, John A. Pock 
and C. N. Beamer (the last two now practicing) ; physicians — 
Drs. S. W. Rodman, Samuel Hardy, Jones, N. Crosby, M. S. 
Anderson, Jeremiah Larimore, F. Long, G. W. Duzan, H. T. 
Cotton ; shoemakers — (have been) A.W. Larimore, H. Daven- 
port, John Tull, B. W. Harden, John Martz ; dentist — J. O. 
Hurst. The first hotel was kept by John Miller. John 
Holmes built an extensive grist-mill here in 1851; it was 
afterwards converted into a distillery, and operated as such u 
short time, when it went down. Among the postmasters 
have been S. W. Rodman, P. Anderson, Mary May, William 
Thompson, James W. Blake, W. F. Morgan, G. F. Essex, 
William McGuire, R. Beard. Monument dealer — Fronk 
Alford; harness makers — A. W. Hopkins, William Harden; 

bankers — P. Anderson, S. H. Hardy, Mark Simpson, 

Alford. The old Dye mill was built hero at an early day, but 
is now no more. M. S. Davenport operated a tan-yard here 

4 



50 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

soon after the town was started. An excellent school house 
was built here about the year 1860; it is one of the finest in 
the county, pleasantly located on the hill west, overlooking 
the town, Ziousville contains many handsome residences and 
business houses, and is the center of a good country, conse- 
quently has a fine trade in all the various departments. The 
Zionsville Times, now published by Col. Gait, is one of the 
best papers in the county, recently enlarged to an eight-page 
paper, wide-awake in its make up, has a good circulation and 
is ably edited. Zionsville is the home of Mrs. Polly Cross, 
the first bride in Boone County, in 1834. To the writer 
Zionsville and vicinity has a peculiar interest. There he learned 
to swim and fish in the classic waters of Eagle; first went to 
mill and learned to wait his "turn ;" and, more than all, there 
is an interest attached around the beautiful little cemetery, just 
south. Here my parents, two sisters and a brother "quietly 
sleep, their toils forever done." 

Zionsville is also the home of B. M. Gregory, Manson 
Head, Joseph B. Pitzer, Martin Conrad, Dr. W. D. Starkey, 
Dr. H. T. Cotton, M. S. Davenport, Nathaniel Swairn and 
Dr. G. W. Duzan, all more or less public men and well known 
throughout the county. 

Following will be found a sketch of Zionsville, written for 
the Patriot, of Lebanon, dated December 18, 1886, which will 
doubtless be read with interest by the people of Boone County : 

" Zionsville ranks third in the county as to population and 
commercial enterprise, and is situated in the southeastern cor- 
ner of the county, one and a half miles from the Marion County 
line and one mile from the Hamilton County line. The orig- 
inal plat of the town was laid out in the year 1852 by William 
Zion and Elijah Cross, and consisted in nine blocks containing 
eighty-one lots. The name "Zionsville" was given to the 
town in honor of William Zion, who was the principal founder. 
The first dwelling house within the original plat was built by 
John Miller, on lot number two, block number eight, aad was 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 51 

occupied by hijnself and family as a boarding-house or hotel. 
The same building still does service as a dwelling house, but 
has been removed to the west end of the same lot, immediately 
north, across the street from the Christian Church. The first 
store was conducted by Vaughn & Wiley in a two-story frame 
building situated on the same lot where the M. S. Anderson 
wagon works are uov.' located. From the time these first 
buildings were erected the town has steadily increased in en- 
terprise and population until it has become one among the 
best business points in the county aud has accumulated a ]>op- 
ulation of about eleven liundred persons. There are but few 
towns of the size in the state that can boast of better school 
buildings and school facilities and none that have naturally a 
more beautiful location for school buildings or town either. 
There are four churches in the town, Methodist, Presbyterian, 
■Christian and Christian Union, all of which support mini-ters, 
and all are as well attended as churches usually are in towns 
of this size. There are six secret orders in the town : Odd 
Fellows, Masons, Knights of Honor, Secret League, Horse 
Thief Detective Association aud Grand Array Post. All of 
these orders are in flourishing condition both numerically aud 
financially. The town supports two banks, two cornet bands, 
a town hall, with seating capacity of six hundred, one of the 
best weekly newspapers published in the state in a to\vn of 
the same size, one large flouring mill, one sawmill, v.-agon 
works, the Blue Grass Dairy farm, owned and managed by J. 
M. Byers, and many other things which can not be mentimied 
in deaitl. The town is well supj)lied with shade-trees, and 
the streets and sidewalks are generally in good repair. Take 
all in all Zionsville ranks above the average as to its beautiful 
location, business enterprise and the social and moral character 
of its inhabitants." 



I 



52 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 



WHITESTOWN, 



The above town is situated in Worth Township, on the 
Indianapolis, Cincinnati Sc Lafayette Railroad, seven miles 
southeast of Lebanon and about the same distance northwest 
of Zionsville, surrounded by one of the best agricultural dis- 
tricts in the county. It is the center of a large local trade and 
where the township elections are held, and in fact all the elec- 
tions when held in the county. It has been for years the cen- 
tral point for Worth Township. Whitestown was laid out in 
the year 1851, or about the time the railroad was built. The 
first plat was on the land of Abram Nese. The first mer- 
chant was Harrison Spencer, followed soon after by Henry 
Lucus and ^^'illiam Laughner. The first grist mill Iniilt here 
was by Isaac Dye and Alfred Osburn, which was in a few years 
burned down ; rebuilt by Henry Lucus. Tlie present mill was 
built by J. W. Bowser, who operated it successfully for years 
and built up for it a good reputation at home and abroad. He 
sold it in October, 1880, to Riley iSc Vaughn. It has all the 
new nulling facilities for making the best ilour in the state. 
It is valued at 312,000. Among those doing business in an 
early day at Whitestown in the various capacities we might 
mention the following merchants: W. J. Givens, Daniel Ech- 
mao, Ceaser Echman, F. M. iSIoody, Xeese & Keefe, J. T. 
Ross, Dr. I. T. Ross, Dr. Starkey, Dr. Lariraore, J. S. Hardy, 
who is now practicing. Postmasters, Henry Lucus, Dr. Ro.-s, 
Henry Walters, S. M. Trout, The present one is J. O. Barb. 
Hotel, G. W. H. Roberts. The school house here is an excel- 
lent one of brick, and fully up to the times in every respect, 
as well as the churches and other buildings. The annual 
business transactions here amount to thousands of dollars,, 
including the railroad business, which alone is verv lar^re. 



BOONE COU^'TY, INDIANA. 53 



MECIIANICSBURG. 

This thriving town, so beautifully located on a high piece 
of ground near the junction of Brown's Wonder and Sugar 
Creek, was laid out in the year 1835, by James Snow. It is 
near the Clinton County lino and also near the line dividing 
the townships of Clinton and "Washington, being, however, in 
the latter, on the road leading from Lebanon to Frankfort, 
about nine miles from the former and seven from the latter. 
The town contains many handsome residences, three churches, 
school house, etc., and is the center of a line local trade. This 
is the home of Dr. Jesse Reagan, Dr. Walker, Nathan Gar- 
rett, all well known and valuable citizens. Below will be 
found a sketch of Mechanicsburg, written for the Lebanon 
Patriot in December, 18SG, which will account for this short, 
imperfect sketch : 

'' Mechanicsburg is situated on the banks of Sugar Creek, 
midway between Lebanon and Frankfort, and has a popula- 
tion of about 200. It has been called "The Burg" longer 
than the oldest inhabitant can recollect. The place is well 
known throughout the country, as its flouring mill, at one 
time owned by George Ryan, was patronized by farmers from 
far and near, not only of this, but by those of the adjoining 
county, Clinton. 

"A. R. Garrett has a complete stock of groceries, dry goods, 
glass and queensware, boots, shoes and notions. Jolm R. 
Beach keeps groceries, dry goods, ready-made clothing, boots, 
shoes and notions. E. E. Armstrong d-jals in drugs, patent 
medicines, school books, stationery, paints, oils, cigars, tobacco 
and notions. Dr. J. S. Reagan has been practicing medicine 
here for thirty years, has accumulated considerable property, 
and was elected to the office of countv clerk at the last elec- 
tion. Dr. D. R. Walker has been practicing medicine liere 
about ten years, has ^lice residence property and a farm one- 
half mile north of town. Dr. C. D. Umberhine is a young 



54 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

man, a graduate of Rush Medical College, and has been prac- 
ticing medicine for the past two years in partnership with Dr. 
Reagan. Dr. U. built a substantial house the past summer 
and has come to stay. The blacksmiths arc Frank Moore and 
W. H. Brown, both good workmen who have plenty to do the 
year round. \Yilliam Keller is the justice of the peace and 
works at shoemaking during odd spells. J. S. Moore has a 
wagon shop, keeps the postotEce, and is probably the only 
Republican postmaster now in the county. Frank ^Nlills, 
familiarly known as "Handle," carries the mail to and from 
Lebanon, hauls g-oods for the merchants and docs errands for 
everybody. Hart Lodge Xo. 413, I. O. O. F., is the only 
secret order in the town. It has a membership of about 24,. 
owns its hall and seems to be in a fairly good condition. The 
religious denominations are the United Brethren in Christ, 
Methodist Episcopal, and Christian. The pastor of the United 
Brethren Church is Rev. Perry Cooper; of the Methodist 
Episcopal, Rev. Jesse Hill; and of the Christian, Rev. Howe, 
of Irvington. All the churches are in good condition." 

EAGLE VILLAGE. 

Eagle Village, one of the oldest towns in Boone County- 
was laid out in 1829. It is located on the Michigan Road, in 
the southeast part of Eagle Township, about one mile cast of 
Zionsville. Until 1852, when the Indianapolis, Cincinnati tt 
Lafayette Railroad was built, the village was a place of some 
importance. From the year 1850, when it was at its zenith^ 
it gradually went down, until now there are but few lupuses 
left. Many of the buildings were removed from there to Zions- 
ville in 1S52, when the latter place was laid out. xVmong the 
early merchants and business men of Eagle Village, most of 
whom are now deceased, we find the following: Daniel and 
James M. Lariraore, Reuben Price, J. F. Daugherty, John 
Harden, Adflison Nicholas, J. ]5. Pitzcr, John P. Welch, Ocl 
Thayer, T. P. Miller and Fielding Utterback, all of whom 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 55 

sold goods from 1^35 until 1851. Amon^ the physicians who 
practiced here from time to time, were PL G. Larimore, S. W. 
Rodman, Jeremiah Larimore, J. M. Gaston, Xathau Crosby 
and Dr. Johnson. H. G. Larimore died in Fayette County, 
Ind., in 1874, aged near ninety years. S. W. Rodman lives 
in Washington Territory. J. M. Gaston, who did not remain 
long in Eagle Village, lives in Indianapolis. Dr. Johnson's 
whereabouts are unknown. Jeremiah Larimore died in 
Indianapolis about the year 1880. He is buried at Mount's 
Run, in this county. Nathan Crosby, quite an old man, lives 
in Zionsville. He came from the East to Eagle Village in 
1849. Of the early merchants we give the following: Daniel 
Larimore came from Fayette County, Iml., in 183-, was 
encaored in business onlv a few vears when he died. He died 

CD ^ - • 

in 1839; and is buried at Eagle Village. J. M., his son, suc- 
ceeded him, and was engaged in active business until March, 
1849, when he died of consumption'. He was a fine-looking 
man, 'was never married, and is buried by the side of his 
father. He was the first Odd Fellow in Boone County. J. 
F. Daugherty came in 183G, and was in business a number of 
years. He finally moved to Zionsville, where he sold goods a 
number of years. He now resides in Indianapolis. John 
Harden engaged in business in 1842. He died in Ohio, Feb- 
ruary, 1877, and is buried at Zionsville, Boone County. 
Fielding Utterback was engaged in business several years. 
He was elected county sheriff in 1815. He went West and 
died there ten or fifteen years ago. Oel Thayer came to Boone 
County in 1839; was first a merchant in Clarkstown, then in 
Eagle Village. Ho finally removed to Lebanon, where he 
died February 4, 1877. John Welch engaged in business 
with J. B. Pitzer (his brother-in-law), in 1846. He died in 
September, 1850, and is buried on :^agle Creek, six miles 
southwest of Zionsville. J. B. Pitzer was in business several 
years. He was elected county auditoi in 1863. lie resides 
in Zionsville, and is seventy-four yea.s old, T. P. Miller 
was born in Tennessee. He came with his father to Eagle 



56 EAIiLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

Creek in 1829. He was engaged several years at Eagle Vil- 
lage as merchant, postmaster and jnstice of the peace. He 
was the second Odd Fellow in the county. He resides in 
Indianapolis, aged seventy-five years. James McCoy, Jesse 
Essex, William Gouge, William Lakin and John Gates were 
early blacksmiths. McCoy was married five times and then 
said he was on his first legs. He lived to be ninety-five years 
old. Mr. Gouge was a local preacher, and lived to be quite 
old. Mr. Essex died a little past middle life. He was the 
son of Jesse Essex, Sr., and the father of George Essex, of 
Lebanon. James Handly was the tailor; he moved West, 
and the last account of him he was still living. Andrew 
Hopkins was about the first saddler. He was born in Ohio, 
married a daugiiter of Austin Davenport, and died at Lafay- 
ette, Ind., in 1852, in middle life. William Earlan, an attor- 
ney, was born in New York. He resided in Eagle Village 
many years, where lie taught school in early times. He went 
to Wisconsin, where he died about 1865, aged seventy years. 
Jesse Essex was the first tanner, followed by William Man- 
teeth and M. S. Davenport. The carj)enters of that time 
were Starling C. Rose, Luther M. Oliphant, Isaac L. Daven- 
port and Thomas Olipliant. The shoemakers were Henry 
Breedlove, A. W. Larimore, Henry Davenport and ]Mr. Dan- 
forth. James Armstrong and Henry Gardner made saleratus 
here at an early day. " The ashery," as we called it, was 
started by J. M. Larimore and Mr. Bishop in LS46. Mrs. Polly 
Larimore kept the tavern many years after her husband died. 
T. P. Miller also kept the " Pavilion." The " Eagle Village 
Hotel" was kept by Mrs. Larmac, Joseph Larimore, George 
Craft and Mr. Hurd. It went down about the year 1852, 
with Joseph Larimore at the helm. The Odd Fellows organ- 
ized a lodge here about the year 1846 or 1847, with the fol- 
lowing as first member?: J. M. Larimore, T. P. Miller, J. F. 
Duugherty, Joseph La ■imore, James Handly, Oel Thayer, I. 
L. Davenport, Jacob T;pton,T. ^V. Oliphant and L. Oliphant. 
Among the early prea'-luTs were James McCoy, Jacob Myers, 



BOONE COTTN'IY, INDIANA. 57 

Robert H. Calvert, Madison Hume, Mr. ^yells, William 
Gouge and George Dye. A man by the name of Wesley 
George, from Indianapolis, started a tin shop, but did not 
stay long. The following have served as postmasters : T. P. 
Miller, Fielding Utterback. J. F. Daughcrty, Xatium Crosby. 
A temperance society was organized here about the year 
1845; flourished for several years, and about the year 1853 
went down with the general crash of the village. Adjoin- 
ing on the east is the cemetery, where lie buried many old 
citizens, among whom are Daniel Larimore, J. M. Larimore, 
William Miller, Mrs. Polly Larimore, Peter Gregory, and 
Patrick H. Sullivan, the first settler in the county and who 
helped to select the present site of Lebanon as the place for 
the county seat. He died about the year 1879, when he must 
have been ei^htv-five vears of aije. 



DOVER. 

BY LEVI DEXNY. 

The above town was first laid out in 1850, by Aries Pauly. 
It was first known as " Crackaway." It is situated in Jeffer- 
son Township, eight miles west of Lebanon, in a fine part of 
the county. In 1860 a postoffice was established here and 
named Cason, in remembrance of Thomas J. Cason, of Leb- 
anon. It has been for years the center or voting place for the 
township. The first merchant was Wesley Adkins, who started 
a store in 1860. The first postmaster was Wm. Goldsburgb ; 
present one, Joseph S. Miller. In 1851 James Stephenson 
built a sawmill here. The following doctors have practiced 
here: Drs. Clair, Oxly, C. Smith, Hamilton, John S. Smith, 
Finch, Grafton, and W. H. Ware, who is now in practice and 
who is a clever gentleman and doctor as well. Tlie first wood 
shop was by J. L. Pyles; first blacksmith, Wm. Goldsburgh. 
The following are the names of the present merchants and 
mechanics: McDaniel & Bro., general merchants; Lewis 



05 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

Denny, blacksmitli ; Henry J. Frazier, carpenter; Hezekiah 
Kerfart, shoemaker. Three churches, one school house and 
fourteen families, in all about fifty inhabitants, Robt. Denuy. 
carpenter; Lee Miles, workingman. Following will be fvjnd 
a sketch written for the Patriot and published in that paper 
December, 1886, by W. H. Ware: 

" Perhaps before we begin with the history of our pleasant 
little village it would bo prudent to inform the many readers 
of the Patriot what part of the county it is situated in. Our 
tpwn is located near the center of Jefferson Township, on the 
Noblesville gravel road, and the Thorntown and Jamestown 
road, surrounded by forests and tiie most fertile lands of 
proud old Boone. The early history of Dover does not 
appear of very ancient date, it being first honored with the 
name about the year 1854. when some poetic genius sug- 
gested the spirited title of " Crackaway," by which title it 
was known far arid near during a period of several years. At 
this date the little hamlet consisted of three families and a 
school house within the limits of our now busy town. We 
will first mention the name of Mr. i\.ris Pauly, now a resident 
of Danville, Illinois; his residence was the same in which the 
Denney heirs now live, with the [exception of some more sub- 
stantial and modern improvements. Next in order of enroll- 
ment comes Mr. James Stevenson, now a resident of Horse 
Shoe, Col., who lived in a house of meager dimensions on the 
site where the Presbyterian Church now stands. He owned a 
sawmill which was situated a short distance north of where 
the new school house stand.-. He sold his mill some time in 
the year 1855 to a man by the name of Whit Dalzell and 
moved to the wilds of the Rockies. The third inhabitant 
spoken of was Mrs. Hall, who lived in an old log building 
situated on the south side of the Noblesville road, about fif- 
teen rods west of where the Baptist Church now stands, her 
husband having died some years previous to this date. The 
school house was a small structure situated a little north of 
the cross roads. There were no business houses, those pio- 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 69 

neers all earning their living by the sweat of the brow, but in 
the year 1S59 AVilliam and John Goldsburrough purchased 
the saw mill of Mr. Dalzell and erected a dwelling and a log 
blacksmith shop near the crossing. Then the neighborhood 
of Crackaway began to show signs of a village in the near 
future, for in a few months the long-looked-for postoffice came 
and with it a commission for William Goldsburrough as post- 
master, and the U. S. check bore the name of Dover. Then 
the name of Crackaway passed into oblivion. Progress vvas 
slow for a season, but in 18G2 one Wesley Adtkins, now de- 
ceased, built a 10x12 storeroom near the blacksmith shop 
and supplied the villagers and weary travelers with groceries 
and an occasional dose of "Old Kaintuck," and in the follow- 
ing spring Jacob Pyles moved from Lebanon and opened a 
wagon and repair shop, in a log building, on the corner where 
McDaniel & Bro.'s magniticent storeroom now stands. Pros- 
perity crowned his efforts and he now lives on his farm ad- 
joining town. He is the only one of the oldest settlers living 
in the county. There were but few changes or improvements 
made until the year 1865, when Fielding Denny bought the 
Pauly farm which had passed through several hands prior to 
this, and also bought a small tract on the northwest corner 
of John Darrouo^h's land. This he sold out in small lots to 
parties who began to build and improve the town. In 1866 
Dr. Israel Kirk located here; he was the first resident physi- 
cian. In the following spring John Hall built a tile factory 
and cou tinned in the manufacture of that much needed article 
for three or four vears. In 1866 a Mr. Chanev bought the 
stock of groceries from Mr. Adtkins and moved into a more 
pretentious building and increased the stock of merchandise, 
but in 18G8 he sold his stock of goods and moved away. The 
first church was built by the Baptist and Methodist denomina- 
tions, but in a few months the former bought out the interest 
of the latter. Fieldinff Dennv donated the lots for the church 
and cemeterv. During: the same vear Dr. Kirk moved to 
Darlington and Dr. W. A. Ware located in his place and is 



60 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

still here practicing his profe.ssioxi. In 1871 the Presbyterians 
built an elegant frame structure f^jr worshiping in, and in 1873 
the Reformers, or Campbellites, through the instrumentality 
of Thomas McDaniel, erected quite a respectable church of a 
rather more modern style than either of the other two. At 
present all three of the churches are in a prosperous condition. 
There have been various changes in the past few years, which 
we fail to note on account of space.'' 

NORTHFIELD. 

Northfield was laid out in the year 1834. Jesse Lane was 
the proprietor. It is situated in Union Township, on the Mich- 
igan road. Big Eagle crosses the Michigan road just north, 
and Findly Creek on the south. It at one lime was a place 
of considerable business, and at one time a piece of ground 
was purchased with a view of building a court-house. But 
the prospect of the county seat being located there vanished. 
But Northfield lived, notwithstanding. Among the first settlers 
an<l business men were as follows: Hiram McQuidy built the 
first horse mill or corn cracker. Mr. A. Sanburn was the first 
postmaster. First merchants were Mr. Long, Chance Cole, 
Jacob Tipton. Doctors were Knowlton, McLeod, Presly and 
Samuel Hardy. First blacksmith was Mr. Robinson. First 
school teacher Mr. Bray. First justices of the peace was Mr. 
Sanburn and Riley B. Hogshier. The first church was built 
by the ]S[ethodists. A churcli called Adventists' was built 
here in 1886, and dedicated in December of that year by Rev. 
Covert, of Howard County. It is a very good frame building ; 
co.-t $800. Xorthfield now and for the past forty-five years 
had a postofFice, and is now the voting place of Union Town- 
shii). Election dav several vears aoo was looked forward to 
with interest, when it was understood that sundry disputes 
were to be settled, and an occasional tight was no unusual sight. 
Among the early families of the place were: George Shirts, 
Hiram McQaidy, Mr. Sanburn, Jacob Tipton and Mr. Robin- 



m sm:-'€ 



BOOSE COUNTY, INDIANA. 61 

son. The first tavern was kept by Hiram McQuidy. The 
town contains a good brick school house and M. E. Chr.rch. 
Korthfield was once the home of Jonathan H. Ro^e, also that 
of Jacob Tipton. The present postmaster is Plenry Nicholas. 
Among the early citizens of Union Township now living 
within its borders are: Mrs. Nicholas, ]Mrs. Koontz, Wash- 
ington Hutton, Mr. "Alexander, Mrs. Sedgewick, Andrew 
Harvey, Squire Duly, Samuel Davis, John J. Iloss and Jesse 
Lane. 

CLARKSTOWN. 

This once thriving little town was situated on the Mich- 
igan road, just north of where Little Eagle crosses the same. 
It kept this name for years, when it was changed to that of 
Hamilton, about the year 1838 or 1839. It was first named 
after Walter Clark, who came from Ohio. It was laid out on 
the land of Jacob Hoover, in or about the year 1833. The 
following were its first citizens: Frederick Lowe, who built 
the first house and kept public house, Elias Bishop, John 
Lowe, George Lowe, the Duzans, Jacob Hoover. The first 
blacksmith was Critchfield. The first doctors were W. N. 
Duzan, George Selders, George W. Duzan. The first mer- 
chants were Jacob Hoover, John Duzan, Oel Thayer, Zach- 
ariah Owsley. Zachariah Turpin kept a grocery and some- 
thing for the inner man occasionally. The first tanner was 
James Sheets. The first carding machine was built by Jacob 
Hoover and Moses Lyons as early as 1837, and has been kejit 
up ever since ; is now ov>ned by Paul D. Liebhardt, with a 
saw mill attached. Andrew Hopkins, Clinton Osburn and 
Allen Brock were the saddlers and harness makers in an early 
day. The town has all gone down, there are only a few dilap- 
idated houses remaining that mark the site of the once flourish- 
ing town of Clarkstown. 



62 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 



FAYETTE. 



Fayette is located in Whitelick, in Perry Township, and in 
the southern part of it near the Hendricks County line and on 
section ten. The town is well located on an elevated, well 
drained piece of land. The town contains two stores, schoo.l 
house and several good private residences. Fayette was laid 
out on the land originally owned by Edniond Shurly and 
Mr. Turner. The present merchants are Mr. ]\IcDaniel and 
Shurly, F'rs. AV, E. Everts and Jourden. Drug store by 
Josephus Dodson. Former merchants were Charles J. Lump- 
kins and Thos. Fitch. Dr. Jorden's family kept the drug 
store here. Fayette is the voting place of Perry Township, 
and is the center of considerable trade^ not only of Boone 
County, but that also of Hendricks County. The postoffice 
is now kept by Dr. W. E. Everts, who has been here several 
years and has a fine practice. The town contains some three 
hundred inhabitants, of sober, industrious habits. The settle- 
ment here on ^yhitelick dates back in the thirties. The town, 
however, is not quite that old. 

NEW BRUNSWICK. 

The above town is in the southwest part of Harrison Town- 
ship, and about seven miles southwest of Lebanon, in a rich, 
fertile part of the county, containing several good residences. 
Christian Church, brick school house, postoffice, store, doctors, 
etc. Among the first merchants here were Samuel Vest & 
Son, Dr. Horner, Mr. Sexton, Aaron Frazee, Colonel Letcher, 
Franklin Walters & Son, D. M. Watts. I. W. Smith is the 
present merchant and postmaster. The doctors who have 
practiced here from time to time are Dr. Horner, George and 
William Kane, W. K. Everets, James Leach and Dr. T. N. 
Bunnell. The last two are now practicing here. W. H. 
Crose, the old veteran wagon maker is here, and has been for 



BOOXE COUNTY, IXDIAXA. 63 

many years. Blacksmiths have been hei'e as follows: AVash 
Dale, O. C. Willson and Joseph Chitewood; the last named 
is now located here. The first postmaster was Nelson Vv^atts. 
The town was laid out in 1850, on the lands of Joseph and 
Nathaniel V/ainwrisfht. 



' MILLAGEVILLE. 

The above village is situated rather in the north part of 
Harrison Township, and five miles south of Lebanon. It Avas 
laid out on section twenty -six, by G. O. P. Crawford. The f jj- 
lowing liave sold goods here from time to time : W. H. Camp- 
ball, Henry Tomlinson, J. E. Pernell, Henry Ulin, William 
Higgins, John Bartlett and Theodore Diekerson. The following 
doctors have practiced here : Henry Tomlinson, Melvin Leach- 
man, E. W. S. Hilligoss, and James Turner, who is now 
located here, a young man of promise. Postmaster, John 
Bartlett, who is now keeping it. The office was discontinued 
for several years, but was restored in November, 1886. The 
blacksmiths have been William Edwards, John Troutman and 

Edwards, the last two now located here. The village 

contains a good brick school house, Protestant Methodist 
Church and several good dwelling houses. The postoflice 
was formerly kept by J. P. Pinnell before it v/as discontinued, 
and he was perhaps the first one here. 



HAZLEPvIGG STATION. 

This town is located on the Indianapolis, Cincinnati & 
Lafayette Railroad, six miles northwest of Lebanon, in the 
southeast corner of Washington Township. It was laid out 
on the land originally owned by the late H. G. Hazlcrii^g, 
and named in honor of liim. It has been a stopj)iiig and 
shipping point of some note for the last twenty years. The 
town contains a .store, kept by S. Klepfer, a blacksmith sho}), 



64 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

postoffice, and several dwelling houses. Over the store of 
Mr. Klepfer is a public hall, used for general purposes, such 
as lectures, meetings of a religious character, etc. Hazlerigg is 
located in a fine part of the county; its nearness to ihe county 
scat and Thorntown will in all probability keep it from becom- 
ing a town of large proportions, but it will no doubt increase 
to some extent and will be a place of considerable local trade. 
Th(! people here could illy do without a postoffice and other 
conveniences now afforded at Hazlerigg Station. The popu- 
lation of the town is eighteen persons, all told, big and little. 

WARD. 

The above village is located in the northeast part of Jack- 
son Township, in section twenty. It was laid out in 1883 
and named after Congressman Thomas AVard, who was instru- 
mental in getting a postoffice established there. It is situated 
in a fine productive country, about seven miles southv/est of 
Lebanon, and five miles northeast of Jamestown. The first 
merchant was John B. Bennington, succeeded by Greenville 
Dodd, and he by the present merchant, Thomas Burris. The 
first postmaster was J. C. Bennington, succeeded by G. 
Dodd, and he by Thomas Burris, who is now postmaster. 
There is a Christian Church, a brick school house, and two or 
three residences. About the year 1870 George Jackson built 
a steam saw mill here which is now in operation. 

ADVANCE. 

This town is located in the northeast part of Jackson 
Township and on the Midland Railroad, nine miles southwest 
of Lebanon and five miles north of Jamestov/n. The place is 
comparatively new, springing up when the above railroad was 
proposed. The people here have waited long and patiently 
for the completion of it, and the outlook to-day, March, 1887, 





WILLIAM ZION. 




AMELIA ZION. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 65 

IS encouras'inar. AVhen this railroad is finished here it will 
give the town and surrounding country an outlet which is 
very much needed. The town contains several stores, shops, 
mechanics, doctors, churches, school house, etc. The p(^pula- 
tion is near one hundred, all told. We hope before long to 
hear that the above railroad is a fixed fact. Advance contains 
several good residences; also a postoffice, which is a great 
convenience to the people of northeast Jackson and surround- 
ing country. 

ROYALTOX. 

Royalton is like the wiiisky was said to be by the Indian : 
^' Very little to its age." It nestles among the hills of Fishbeck 
and Eao;le Creek, and near the Marion Countv line on the 
south, in Eagle Township, southeast of Lebanon. Among 
the first merchants were John Rodman, Dr. Horn, John AV. 
Vaughn. The early doctors were Dr. Horn, Dr. Ross, Dr. 
Graham. First hotel kept by John Smock; first blacksmith 
sliop by Thomas Smock ; first ':>ostmasters were Dr. Horn, 
John McCabe, J. W. Vaughn ; first shoemakers, Jeremiah 
AVashburn and Daniel Tliompson. Samuel Jones was the first 
to sell whisky in Royalton. Mr. Strowmire is the princi})al 
merchant of Royalton at this time. There is a postoffice kepi 
here; also trades of the various kinds going on. It was near 
here that the famous Forman murder occurred sixty-eight 
years ago in Marion County. 



COMMUNICATIONS. 



COMMUNICATION FROM HON. WILLIAM B. 

BEACH. 

Providence, R, I., January 13, 1887. 

Dear Sirs: As requested, I ^vrite you my early impressions 
of Boone County. As I am neither historian, novelist, or 
poet, you must be content if "I a plain, unvarnished tale 
relate," concerning men and things as I now remember them. 

In the spring of 1845 I received ray license to practice 
law. My uncle, Judge William J. Peaslee, with whom I had 
studied, advised me to locate in the "State of Boone." He 
was then presiding justice in that circuit. Taking his advice, 
the next Mondav raornino^ I took a seat in his buo-orv and in 
the evening of the same day I was landed in Lebanon, at the 
hotel Joseph Fish. That night the judge was eloquent in his 
praises of the future Boone County. It was to be the fore- 
most county of the state in agriculture. Its swamps were to 
be drained and thus rendered the best producing lands in all 
the state. Its broad acres were pictured as covered with tine 
stock, horses, cattle, etc., etc., feeding upon richest pastures, 
her fields pouring out their bountiful harvests of wheat, corn^ 
oats, etc. I said but little in reply to his fancy sketch, as I 
then regarded it, for instead of the future, my mind would go 
back to those abominable, yes, frightful corduroy bridges, 
floating in interminable seas of mud and water, over which we 
had passed from Royalton to Lebanon, with scarcely an inter- 
mission of a rod, while both of us were fighting with might 



'68 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

and main, armed with green boughs, to keep the greedy hoard 
of flies and mosquitoes from draining the last drop of our 
precious blood. 

Morning came, and as we dressed preparatory for breakfast, 
I could but note the sad condition of our apparel. Mud and 
blood gave evidence that the conflict had been no mere skir- 
mish. Breakfast over, the judge bade me good-bye and 
returned to Indianapolis, first giving me a few words of 
•encouragement; probably he thought he saw evidence in my 
countenance of a wilting tendency. I went at once to the 
■''weightier matters of the law," my finances. I found §2.50 
the amount of available assets, and already one night's lodg- 
ing due the landlord. AVhat could be done? The more I 
pondered the more I was puzzled ; it was as deep and dark as 
Boone County mud. I began to think my good uncle had 
been mocking me and was now "laughing at my calamity." 
But that could hardly be, as I felt he wished me succe.-rs, and 
probably he was only applying the old doctrine, "root hog or 
Kiie." 

There is, I believe, a "silver lining" to every cloud ; Sat- 
urday night brought to me that best of good Samaritans, Dr. 
James Mc Workman. I settled with the landlord and took 
up my abode with the doctor in a small house just opposite 
the Methodist church. I need not tell to the good people of 
Boone County that he was a specimen of God's noblest work. 
Many of them will long remember his genial face and manly 
form, and many of God's unfortunate ones, in both Indiana 
and Missouri, will bless the day when Dr. Mc Workman was 
elected superintendent of the Institution for the Blind in both 
those states. And scarcely witli less gratitude will they 
.cherish the memory of his noble and devoted wife, who was 
matron in both institutions. Both rest from their labors in 
honored graves. I took an office in the nortiieast room of 
the court house, put out my shingle and waited. After the 
delay usual to young attorneys, I received my first fee and 
began to feel quite well established in business. 



BOONE COUJSTY, INDIANA. 69 

At this time there were but three other members of the 
bar; Jacob Angle, Joseph E. Hocker and Stephen Neal. The 
latter, howes'er, gave but little attention to the law, being 
mostly engaged in farming. Angle and Hocker were siibstar,- 
tial lawyers and valued citizens; both ''went west" many 
years ago. Subsequently, Lorenzo C. Dougherty located in 
Lebanon and soon after became my partner. He attained 
high standing in the profession and was honored by the citi- 
zens of the county, first as representative and afterwards as 
senator. He died in the height of his usefulness. A. J. 
Boone was a few years later admitted, and like Dougherty, 
attained high rank at the bar. It was my good fortune to 
know him intimately, and all who did will testify to his high 
standard of integrity. He, too, died in early manhood. 
Others also might be mentioned, O. S. Hamilton, T. J. Cason. 

The year following my location at Lebanon, feeling that 
there was a better future in store for Boone County, I began 
to feel permanently located. I had made many valued friends, 
whose memory I shall cherish while reason holds her throne. 
Some I have already named. William Zion, many years a 
foremost merchant, Chauncey King, hotel keeper and mer- 
chant, Abner Shephard, hotel keeper and tailor, Westley 
Martin, my partner in the first carding machines at Lebanon, 
propelled with bull power at first, subsequently with steam. 
Levi Lane, " honest Levi," as we were wont to call him, long 
the accomplished and accommodating clerk of the court, his 
brother Josiah, also a merchant, and still another brother 
Addison, merchant and preacher. He stood by me in the 
most momentous moment of my life ; he officiated on the 
occasion of my marriage. Joseph T. McLaughlin, the faith- 
ful guardian of the county funds, William Staton, once sheriff 
of the county and rav colleague in the leg-islature of 18ol-2, 
Father McCann, for years county recorder, whose life \vas a 
continuing benediction and whose memory will for years be 
cherished by all who knew him. His son, Robert McCann, 
still one of the most valued citizens of the countv. Robert 



70 EARLY LIFP: AND TIMES IN 

Newell, my partner in a brief mercantile career and as true 
a specimen of honest manhood as it was ever ray good fortune 
to know. He is now a citizen of Missouri. His son, Olney 
Newell, I need hut name, as he was until a recent date a citizen 
of Lebanon, and well known as a gifted writer and genial 
gentleman. He is now a citizen of Denver, Col., and 
assistant editor of the Colorado Live Stock Record. There 
are many others whom I might mention, but your space will 
not permit. 

In the fall of 1S45, I was invited to a corn husking nt 
Uncle Jake Kernodle's. At the time I had but a slight 
ncqu?}utance with him. Of course I attended. A good, jolly 
part) it was. Red ears meant something to take — Uncle Jake 
had t, and that which was good, for he made it himself — 
appU brandy, peach brandy, whisky and cider. But Uncle 
Jake was not the man to permit a too free use of the cup 
which cheers and inebriates, and I do not remember that even 
one (1 the party became mellow. I should say, with Bobby 

Burtg : 

"They were not fou, 
. But just had plenty." 

The husking over, a bountiful supper was spread and dis- 
patched, and then on light fantastic toe we chased the glowing 
hours with flying feet till early morn. On this occasion I met 
his daughter, Sarah M. Kernodle. She became my M'ife in 
the following August. Forty years have past and well has she 
earned the proudest title due to womanhood, faithful and 
affectionate wife and mother. She died November 'I'l, A. D. 
1886. Jacob Kernodle settled in Boone County in 1836 and 
remained a citizen of the county, and on the san:ie farm, until 

his death in . His was the model farm of the county for 

many years, and until his death. Located one mile east of 
the court-house, aud having ample room in both house and 
barn, where man and beast found good cheer in abundance. 
He always had plenty of company, especially when the courts 
were in session. His farm consisted of 300 acres of excellent 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 71 

land, cultivated with great care in meadow grain, orchards of 
apples and peaches. Coming to the county at an early day, 
when mechanical facilities were poor, he was forced to do all 
such work himself, or go a long way for it. The result was he 
became miller, carpenter, wagonmaker. shoemaker and black- 
smith. His great crop of apples and peaches must go to waste 
or be made into cider and brandy. He became a distiller, and 
his peach and apple brandy gained a wide celebrity. No farm 
in the county was better supplied with every kind of farm 
titensils, nor was there one where they were put to a better 
use. Nothing went to waste. Of course he prospered and 
became one of Boone County's most independent citizens. 
His large family of four sons and seven daughters were com- 
fortably provided for as they married, and all became prosper- 
ous and respected citizens of the county. The only one of the 
daughters remaining, so far as I am informed, is Margaret, 
wife of Captain James Bragg, of Lebanon. Captain Bragg, 
though not enjoying the best of health, has earned a compe- 
tency for the evening of his years, and also that which is more 
abiding than worldly possessions, the respect and confidence 
of all who know him. He faithfully and ably served his 
country from nearly the beginning of the rebellion until the 
return of peace. Let me close this recital by saying, I long 
since for^jave Judire Pea.slee for locatino; me in the State of 
Boone, and I rejoice to know that his picture of the future of 
Boone County, which he gave me on that memorable night, 
has become a realitv, and that she stands to-dav in the foremost 
rank of rich and enterprising counties in the state — a mon- 
ument to the wisdom, intelligence and liberality of her citizens 
in draining their swamps, building gravel roads and railroads. 
By the way, let m.e claim a modest share of credit for your 
railroads. At the solicitation of your lamented Colonel Har- 
vey G. Hazelrigg, I made several S])eeches in the county, urg- 
ing the citizens and the county to take stock in the Indianap- 
olis tt Lafayette liailroad. The county took, I think, S25,000. 
This was the beginning. I hope I may again, ere life is spent, 



72 EARI.Y LIFE A^T) TIMES IN 

revisit my old and. dearly-loved home in Boone County. I 
know I shall find my many dear friends, to some of whom 
I owe mucli for honors bestowed. Their names are still found 
in the Lebanon papers, which I see and read with plcasare. 
Three cheers for old Boone. 

RECOLLECTIONS OF JOHN LOWE. 

My father moved from V/ashington County, Indiana, in 
the early winter of 1826. He stopped in Marion County on 
Big Eagle about ton miles from Indiana])olis until the 10th of 
^larch, when, with his family of eight children, he moved on 
his land in the thick forest with not a stick amiss sa\'e the 
cabin logs that then lay at the stumps from which they were 
cut. Through the kindness of friends we called neighbors 
(though some of them came ten miles), we had our cabin raised 
on the day we got there, having arrangements previously made. 
Mr. Austin Davenport, with his ox team, hauled the logs 
while the neighbors notched them up, covered with clap-boards 
and cut out a door, so we slept under the shelter of our own 
roof that night. We were unharmed, though serenaded by 
wolves, wliich was a nightly occurrence. Our cabin is up, but 
there is yet no floor, fire-place or door shutter, nor a foot of 
land cleared, and one-third of March gone. Six acres of land 
was measured off that would have to be cleared, under-grubbed 
and fenced. Father and two of us boys (aged eleven and 
thirteen years) found we would have to build some kind of a 
pen to protect our horses from the horse-flies. We raised a 
pen fourteen by twenty feet, high enough for the joists, tlien 
covered it with brush to make it dark. That kept the flies off 
when in the stable, but when working they were very annoy- 
ing. Deer was plenty, but there was no time to look after 
thera. The creek, too, was full of fish, but they must also be 
let alone (',)nly on Sundays we boys would take them in out of 
the wet). Turkeys would make their presence known by 
gobbling close by in the early morning. Father would take 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 73' 

in oue of tliera ouce in a while. By the 10th of June we had 
six acres of corn planted. The squirrels came as though it 
had been planted purposely for them, but we stoutly con- 
tested their claim, and when they were out of the way 
the raccoons entered their title. AVe contested their claim,. 
too, and many of their skins went into the fur market 
at from five to twenty- five cents apiece. Coon skins and 
ginsang were the staple articles of trade with us in those 
days. In the winter of 1827 father got his leg so badly cut by 
the flying of an axe handle in the hands of Austin Davenjiort, 
that he was laid up all winter and spring till our crop was in 
the ground. With the help of our neighbors we had added 
another six acres to our farm. We helped to roll logs aiid 
raise cabins every week in the early spring. We had to keep 
a sharp lookout for rattlesnakes, for they were very plenty on 
Eagle Creek when first settled by the whites. Indians were 
very plenty when we first came to the territory afterwards 
organized into Boone County. Our house was on the trace 
leading from Thorntown to Billy Conner's, who was agent for 
the Miainis. We saw Indians nearly every day the first sum- 
mer we lived on the old homestead, and it was interesting to 
see the ingenuity of these red men. When they wanted a sack 
to carry potatoes, turnips or corn, they would spread down a 
blanket and double the first side over two-thirds of the width, 
then the other side so as to lap over one third of the first kip, 
then gather the ends and tie a string tightly around each end. 
They would open the fold in the middle and fill the ends with 
whatever they Avished to take with them. If they bought 
pumpkins they would, with their butcher knives, plug out the 
stem and blossom ends, double a small rope and put this 
through four pumpkins, two on each end, with a small stick to 
keep them from slipping. Throwing them across their ponies 
they would scamper. They always had handkerchiefs, shawls, 
calico, broadcloths, fancy moccasins or some beads to trade for 
our produce. The nearest mill was fourteen miies and no 
good roads. 'We would shell two sacks of corn, throw them 



74 EARLY LIFE AND TIMP:S IN 

across two horses, mount two boys and away to mill. Some- 
times we would live for two days and a night on parcdied corn. 
Sometimes we would throw corn into a mortar made by burn- 
ing out a stump or the end of a block, and pound it into a 
kind of a coarse meal, sieve out the finest for bread, and use 
the rest for hominy. Although we had hardships to undergo, 
we had a great deal of pleasure. The social relations among 
our friends was fine. A man only had to say he was going to 
roll logs such a day and the men and boys would be on hand. 
The women are worthy of great praise fi)r the })art they took. 
Asa matter of course our fare was very plain, consisting of 
corn bread, hog meat, potatoes, turnip greens, with sometimes 
pumpkin pies. Often after a hard day's rolling logs, the 
young folks would have a dance ; the women having a quilt- 
ing, wool picking or some other attraction to bring them to- 
gether. After a few years, when they began to raise a few 
sheep, the farmers would take their wool to the carding 
machine and have it made into rolls, then they would 
spin, scour and color such as was to be used for wearing 
apparel, but for blankets they wove in the grease as it was 
spun. Then the scouring was to be done. Some neighbors 
having a suitable floor in his house would have what they 
CfiUed a '' blanket kicking." This was the work of the boys. 
Taking off their shoes and socks they would sit down in a 
ring with their feet together. The women would then throw 
down four or five blankets between their feet. Then warm 
water and soap were thrown on the blankets and the kicking 
commenced. The flow of soap-suds on the floor can be im- 
agined. The boys would sit on blocks four or five inches high 
and the girls on chairs at their backs to keep them in place. 
The girls for fun would sometimes kick the blocks from under 
the boys, letting them sit down in the soap-suds, but it was 
all taken in good j)art. When the blankets were finished the 
floor was cleaned, supj)er was set, and that disposed of. After 
that the fiddle was brought out and the dance commenced^ 
lasting till twelve or one o'clock. These are some of the pas- 



BOOXE COUNTY, INDIANA. 75 

times of early settlers. Those that were heads of families 
sixty years ago are gone, and those tiiat were children are now 
■old and but few in number. Many have died and others 
moved away, and in counting my playmates I find many of 
their names on tombstones. There are many incidents I 
might record that would be more amusing than interesting, 
but I will now try to give a short history of our family. Mv 
father, Frederick Lowe, was born in "Gilford County. Xorth 
Carolina, October 13, 1786. He was married to Patience 
Grist, in the spring of 1811; they lived in Roan County, in 
the same state, until October, 1816, when, with his famil'v of 
four children, he moved to Indiana and settled in Washington 
County, where he lived ten years. With an addition of four 
<;hildren he moved to what is now Boone Countv. He re- 
mained in this county until his death. In the meantime six 
other children were added to the family, four of whom died in 
infancy. Of the ton left seven are now living. Their names 
are as follows : Sarah, who is now dead, was married to Jacob 
Hoover; John, the writer; George, who is now dead; Celia, 
who is now dead, was married to Jesse Essex ; Pollv, widow 
of James W. P,Iake; Charity, widow of Hiram Wolf ;'\Viiliam 
Grist; Xancy, widow of Asa Cox; David G. and Benj. F. 
These constitute the ten that reached maturity. Father died 
March 20, 1866. Mother was born March 17, 1788, and died 
May 13, 1878. Sarah Hoover died in Kansas; Celia Essex 
died in Pulaski County, Indiana; George Lowe died in Stock- 
well, Tippecanoe County. Mother also died in Tippecanoe 
County, at the advanced age of ninety years and two months. 
The settlement in Boone County, commencing at the south 
line, was first Jacob Sheets, E^q., his brother John, P. H. Sul- 
livan, David Hoover, who was the first clerk of Boone County, 
Austin Davenport, the first sheriff, also first representative; 
Jesse Davenport, John John^, Robt. Johns Henry Jolins, 
their father, Jesse Lane and Edward Jackson. These were 
here when we came. In the fall of the same year John King 
settled adjoining our place. The county then began to be 



76 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

settled very fast, and improvements increased. In the winter 
of 1829-30 the legislature passed the law organizing the terri- 
tory into what is now Boone County. My father was ap- 
pointed agent of the new county, consequently I wa^ one of the 
boys to cut the brush off of the public square, and carry one 
end of the chain to lay out the lots in the original plat. Geo. 
L. Kinnard and Jas. P. Drake were the original proprietors^ 
and donated every alternate lot, and brick to a court-house 
for the county. There was some trouble about the location 
of the county seat. It was first located where Northfield now 
is, but being so far from the center, a protest entered and 
commissioners were appointed to locate the spot. The com- 
missioners were John Harlin, of Clinton County, xV. M. French, 
of Montgomery, P. H. Sullivan, of Boone, Bazil Brown, of 
Marion, and the fifth I have forgotten. They located the cap- 
ital of Boone County, and called it " Lebanon." The site was 
not very promising for a town, but through the energy of the 
people and the natural growth of the country, it has attained 
to its present condition, a little city of four thousand inhabi- 
tants. As the country became settled up by hardy frontiers- 
men, and the dense forest gave way to the woodman's ox, 
improvements in im[)lement3 advanced. Our harvesting was 
first done by the sickle, then the cradle, next the McCormack 
horse-power, and now we have the various self-binders. The 
many social gatherings, such as husking parties, flax-pullings, 
chopping-frolics, log-rollings and house-raisings are things of 
the past. The flax and wool wheels have no place in our 
farm-liouse, and the loom is used only for rag carpets. In the 
loss of these social gatherings much of genuine friendship is 
lost. I believe that selfishness is growing and caste in society 
is on the increase. In v;riting this imperfect sketch I havc^ 
lived over some of my juvenile days. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 77 

THEN AND NOW. 

BY SOL. SEEING, OF WARD, P. O. 

The writer of this sketch was born in Liberty, Union 
County, Ind., on March 29, 1837. AVhile thinking of the 
past our mind runs back into the forties, and we remember of 
hearing grandfather and grandmother Dunbar tell of their 
trip to Boone County to sec the country. They came on 
horseback to Jackson Township, which was at that time an 
almost unbroken wilderness. There were no roads and they 
rode through the woods the best they could and camped at 
night, using their saddles for pillows. They had to keep a 
fire burning to keep the wolves away. There were only two 
houses (both log) between Jamestown and Lebanon, one at 
the farm then owned by Strodder Wall, now owned by M. M. 
Henry, the other at the farm of Meiken Plurt, now owned by 
J. M. Martin. In February, 1837, grandfather entered the 
land we now live on with several other pieces. He gave ray 
father this and the land now owned by Wash Emmert. 
Father made regular trips to Boone to pay his taxes. It 
required two weeks, and we children were always anxious for 
his return to hear him tell about the West. A& we grew up 
we had an anxiety to see some of the world. In August, 
1860, we packed our carpet bag, walked sixteen miles to the 
nearest station, and for the first time we boarded the cars for 
a ride. In due time we arrived at Crawfordsville, and for a 
week took in the sights of the mighty West in that vicinity. 
Again taking our carpet bag in hand, wo started on foot for 
the long heard of land of ponds and frogs, with a few chills 
mixed in. We followed the state road to' Fredericksburg, 
thence to Beekville, and just one-half mile east of the latter place 
we struck the "promised land " O, Lord! we thought if this 
is Boone, we don't want any more of it. The farther we got 
into the country the harder it looked. From Shiloh church 
west it was almost a wilderness, or at least we thought so, but 



78 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

here and there we saw a cabin with a small clearing around it. 
As we passed along the children would perch upon the rude 
fence to get a good look at us, while the mother looked from 
the inside of the door. The hazel brush came up to the road 
on either side. As we were passing up the road west of Shi- 
loh we were startled by some one saying: "Good morning, 
stranger,. come out and get some blackberries to eat." He 
was a tall, raw boned man, with an ax on his shoulder. Wo 
sized him and thought it was no use to run. We soon found 
he was from old Union. His name was Shelley, and he did 
his part in building up the country in which he lived. After 
resting we trudged on and for the first time saw Jackson 
Township. We staid a week svith uncle Geo. Sering on the 
farm that Shiloh church stands on, now owned by Bud Jones. 
Our uncle came out from Union County in 1849, and has lived 
in Boone nearly all the time since. We believe he has done 
as much hard work to build up the country as any other man. 
He and his wife are still living in Lebanon at the ripe age of 
seventy-five years. 

One day we went south to where Advance now stands. 
There was not even a house — nothing but a rail pen inhabited 
by a man and woman. We thought the place ought to have a 
name, so we put up a board with the name Osceola on it, and 
it was known by that name until the postoffice w'as established. 
We passed on to Raccoon, then east to the farm of John M. 
Shelley, who came from Union in 1859. His farm was like 
the rest and he lived in a little cabin. On east to the town 
ship line it was the same, the only signs of civilization we saw 
was an old church. It stood a little to the northeast of the 
farm owned by Geo. Bush. After spending a few days there 
I went home ; and, as a trip to Boone was then equal to a trip 
to California now, I had to answer a good many questions. 
That winter my father gave me forty acres of this half quarter 
if I would buy the other at five hundred dollars. The trade 
was made; that was easy enough, but I had no money. But 
where there is a will there is a way. In the winter I cut 



BOOXE COUNTY, INDIANA. 79 

wood at forty cents a cord, and in the summer worked for 
thirteen dollars a month, and kept it up till the land was paid 
for. Then I began to look around for a ^wife, for I always 
said I would not marry until I had a home for her, let it be 
ever so humble. To make a long story short, I found a wufe. 
Iler name was Mary J. Demoret, of Butler County, Ohio. 
We were married October 3, 1867 ; afterwards came to the 
farm we now live on. We will pass over eighteen years. 
Every man that has cleared a farm in Boone knows that it 
takes courage and hard work. To-day as I look over the same 
country I did twenty-seven years ago, a finer country and bet- 
ter improved would be hard to find. The log churches have 
been replaced by good franue ones ; we see brick school houses 
every little way ; but we must hasten on. Here we are at J. 
M. Shelley's, our old friend and pioneer, but we look in vain 
for the cabin. In j)lace of it we see three nice frame dwell- 
ings, occupied by himself and sons. With the cabin has dis- 
appeared the logs, brush and ponds, and a finer farm you will 
not see on the Ladoga gravel road. Just above us you can 
see the farm of Wm. Mangers, an old Virginian. He came 
to Boone in 1857. As you pass along take a look at his farm : 
call in and see the old folks — you will always find the latch 
string out. On we go ; and what's this? Why, that is Ward, 
a new town only three years old. It has one store, postoffice, 
school house, church and saw mill. The church was built by 
the Disciples in 1882, through the perseverance of Elders 
Smith aiul Heekathorn, who never gave up the good work till 
they got the house finished, and now they numl)er some sixty 
members. The store was put up by Elder Bennington, who 
also worked for and got the postoffice established. I believe 
it w'as about the winter 1884. He staid one year and then sold 
out to G. W. Dodd. In a few months he sold out to T. J. 
Burress, who n(;w koej)3 the store and postoffice. Geo. Jack- 
son, who is a native Boone County boy, runs the saw mill. 
Jas. H. Fink is principal of the school, which numbers about 
sixty-five scholars. Ward is on the Lebanon and Ladoga 



-80 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

gravel road, seven miles soutlnvest of Lebanon. The road 
was built in the year 1884. It is thirteen miles long and cost 
twenty-one thousand dollars. Land can not be bought for 
less than fifty or sixty dollars per acre. 

COMMUXICATIOX FROM GEORGE Av. GIBSON, 

In writing a reminiscence in relation to pioneer life in 
Boone County, it requires a person of better memory and edu- 
cation than I am in possession of to do the subject justice. 
But iiaving lived here longer than any voter in Jackson 
Township, and on account of my pioneer life, by request, I am 
induced to add sometliing to the old settler's history (there 
being no correct rule for such writing and as many others that 
write on the same subject labor underthe same ill-convenience), 
if my homily is not as scholastic as others, or my aphorism is at 
fault. My parents were natives of North Carolina. My mother, 
at the age of sixteen years, made the journey on foot to Ken- 
tucky, having the idea that as the sun rises in the Oriental 
• country and makes the journey to the Occidental lands, where 
it is hidden by the shades of night, the people learned to travel 
in like direction until lost in obscurity by the shades of death. 
After wandering around in the mountainous regions and form- 
ing some acquaintances she met a man, and after traveling four 
miles up the rocky branch, over the mountains and down the 
creek, in a lonely ravine hard by a spring that gushed from 
among the stones of a mountain which, with its sparkling, 
cooling looks, gave inducement to the wearied wanderers to 
quaff a portion and satiate their thirst, they rested. The sweet 
songs of the many-hued birds, and the breeze that played upon 
the boughs of the cedar and pine trees, awakened that feeling in 
them that was created in Adam when God said, " It is not good 
for man to be alone, ^^ and made woman for him. They sat 
down on a log far away from any inhabitants, and in old 
pioneer style talked business. They came to the conclu- 
sion as neither of them were incumbered with worldly goods 




.^ 



MKS. CYKTHIA TVOOPY. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 81 

they had better form a co-partnership. While in that mood 
an old man came along, and in conversation with him they 
were pnt in the possession of the agreeable news that he was a 
justice of the peace, and he was asked if he could unite them iu 
marriage. He replied that if they wished it he could, and the 
ceremony was soon said, when th(y went on their way rejoic- 
ing. After struggling together, barely having a competency 
on which to subsist, and being the parents of five children, 
they held a consultation and decided that twelve years was 
long enough to sojourn in this out of the way mountainous 
country, where a wagon could get no nearer than five miles to 
their habitation, and where those who owned slaves were the 
only persons of worth or fit associates. They were firm iu tlie 
faith that God directs the acts of mer nd kingdoms as well as 
the channels of the great waters. At that time no wagon roads 
were open to emigrants from their place of abode, so gathering 
up their worldly possessions and placing them in skin sacks, 
each secured to a horse on which was a pack-saddle, and being 
provided with a tent for camping out, father, mother and five 
children mounted the horses and drove before them twelve 
head of cattle. We journeyed 350 miles over hills and moun- 
tains, through valleys and swamps, and through a wilderness 
the greater part of the distance, grazing our animals, we sub- 
sisting on game. It took us four weeks to make the trip, 
being frequently lost from the trace. Reader, I opine that the 
use of a small amount of superfluity, not pertinent to the 
epistle, will not be amiss. The augmentation is to show that 
there can be no new faculties made in a person — only a change 
can be wrought. 

When I made my debut in the Hoosier State I was a 
comely looking lad of about four years of age, and of light 
^veight. I had an old mare called " High-flyer." The leather 
f^ack of pot-ware was lashed to her and I was the monitor on 
the sack. My raiment consisted of copperas colored muslin 
pants, tow-linen shirt, butternut wammus, and a striped cotton 
6 



82 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

bonnet. The first few days of the trip everything went off 
lovely, until the day we were passing over the Eough-aud- 
Tough Mountain, when Highflyer cast her pedestals into a 
hornet's nest and, ha%'ing no hair where the hair ought to 
grow, could not switch off her tormentors. Here trouble be- 
gan, for she sought relief in a thicket, and rid herself of 
hornets, pot-ware, leather bag and pack-saddle, putting the 
monitor's head in juxtapoiitiou with a stone, and from the 
demoralization and injury or some other cause, it has never 
since been just right. My father only skirmished on the picket, 
having a brother of mine not three years old, who was im- 
ported on the rear department of the horse that he rode. My 
mother did not fare so well, having an infant three mouths old, 
which she carried in her arms the whole distance, and in the 
trouble had to cast anchor with him, but coming in contact 
with a soft spot of earth prevented serious damage from being 
done. That evening we bagged a fine wild turkey, which as 
a viand was quite recuperating. We roosted high that night. 
Next morning we pursued our journey with great anticipa- 
tions. 

As poor wanderers seeking a home, 

Traveling among savages, with their tribe alone; 

Longing to see the western, vine-clad hills, 

The rich lands and bright, gushing rills. 

With her forests and valleys so fair, 

With her flowers that scent the morning air. 

I am almost persuaded to desist writing any more for fear 
my rough manuscript, being void of excellency, will be a mar- 
a-uatha to the reader. 

While on the trace there was a circumstance which gave 
me much uneasiness about how I was to meet emergencies, 
and the pressure on my young mind marred my peace during 
the remainder of the journey. The occurrence took place on 
Indiana soil hard by Blue River. The night that we were on 
bivouac to keep our cattle and horses from straying away, 
change of country, atmosphere and water, and being the mon- 
itor of the pot-ware, had brought about an unhealthy condition 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 83 

in my internal department. Every mother knew how to ad- 
minister to the ills of her children, for there were no regular 
physicians where we lived, and after depositing the litter in 
the tent she thought the immersion of my copperas in Blue 
River would result beneficially, so she gave them many dips 
and hung them on a spice brush near unto the camp-fire to 
have them dry and healthy next morning. The recollection 
yet torments me. When I made a dive in the morning for 
my pants. I found that purification had been entirely effectual, 
for the camp-fire had consumed them. I wept, and refused to 
be comforted ; but I had a long tow linen undergarment, 
wammus and bonnet, and made the remainder of the journey 
with as much comfort as could be expected under the circum- 
stances. The next pair of pants that I was heir to was after 
we were domiciled in Indiana. Father killed a deer, dressed 
its skin, and mother made me a pair from the skin. Shawnee 
prairie was the intended place for our future home, but after 
pitching our tent here we came to the conclusion that we would 
remain, thinking the winters wire too cold in a prairie coun- 
try where there was no fuel. 

In 1828 John Gibson entered the land where Jamestown 
is now situated, which was entirely in the wilderness. We 
lived in a tent until a small loo; cabin was erected. The sheen- 
skin certificate of entry was signed by President Jackson. 
Not a nail was used in putting up and finishing the edifice. 
In the midst of a dense, untamed forest, no neighbors were 
near, the chief inhabitants being wolves, bears, panthers, rac- 
coons and tribes of the ^liami and Pottawattami Indians. 
Quite a number of wigwams were on the land where James- 
town now stands. Eel River took its name from the tribe that 
occupied the lands along the creek; Straps-brauck from a 
chief by the name of Strap, Raccoon irom the Raccoon tribe. 
While referring to Indians in this narrative, it brings up inci- 
dents very vivid to the mind of the author of the many sleej)- 
less nights and fearful days that were worn away in expectati(m 
of loosing a scalp by it being snatched off by those savage 



84 i:arly life and times in 

Indians. My fear of Indians was greater at that time than it 
was when serving an enlistment in the regular army forty 
years ago in the Rocky Mountain country, having many 
encracrements and mv comrades at various times beincj scalped 
in plain view and no way of giving them succor. 

I was then bordering on five years old and my raiment 
consisted of a tow linen shirt, dressed buckskin pants, one 
large pewter button at waist, home made hog skin moccasins, 
butternut wammus, and the only thing that was bought to 
make me a full dress was an imported seal skin cap. I was 
as well dressed as any of the inhabitants. 

You can readily see the proverbs that are wrote, 
From a 'reacherous UK-morj I had to quote; 
In my writing all these acts, 
I am not certain that all are facts. 

Nearly all the pioneers were Kentuckians and Tirginians, 
who had settled where water could be had without digging 
wells, coming from a country where there could be no wells 
dug on account of the rocks. They knew nothing of wells, 
and pumps did not come in use here for many years after a 
portion of the country was peopled. 

There seems to be a mistake made by those who have given 
a treatise heretofore, for the person's names given as the old- 
est settlers are not those that came here first. The Davises, 
Calhouns, Mallets, Hughes, Scammerhorns, Turners, Smiths, 
Walterases, Johnses, Lewises, Penuingtons, Coveys, Trotters, 
Taulbees, Youngs and several families of the Gibsons were 
those that made the first settlement in this immediate neigh- 
borhood. At that time, and for several years after, there was 
not a church, school house, mill of any kind, wagon shop, or 
any improvement of that kind nearer than Danville, in Hen- 
dricks County. My father soon started a tannery in a large 
trough for sole leather, and dressed skins for uppers, and with 
a leather whang made the moccasins. Without going into 
detail for years, what we used was gotten like unto the pro- 



^H 



BOONE COOJTY, INDIANA. 85 

Auction and utilization of leather. Being a neophyte in writ- 
ing history, and not in possession of a neologist, what I might 
indite would be monotonous, therefore, I leave the subject of 
what we wore and how procured. 

At that time there were scarcely any 'cereals produced, 
Crawfordsville, sixteen miles distant, then contained about 
fifty souls, who dwelt in cabins. This was the nearest point 
at which a grist mill and bread stuff could be found. I ho])e 
that the ladies of to-day will not think it incredible when I 
tell them that it was a common thing in that day for a married 
woman to go several miles into the woods (for neither stables 
nor pastures had an existence), hunt a horse, bring him in, 
lash a pack-saddle on him, mount him, travel the trace to 
Crawfordsville and return the same day with a half barrel of 
meal. Many a trip have I made with my mother to Craw- 
fordsville for meal, each having a horse, and at times having 
to wait for our turn, we would be out until midnight in the 
dense forest, while thunder and lightning, the war-whoop of 
the savages, the howling of wolves and screaming of cata- 
mounts, panthers and other wild animals was anything but 
agreeable. Few to-day would like to go through the ordeal, 
but many have, in times of yore, traveled the same trace. I 
oau not, on paper, dissemble all their acts, but from v/hat is 
written the reader can judge other acts. Our nearest posioffice 
was Danville, Hendricks County. It then took thirty days 
to get new.s from Washington City ; twenty-five cents was the 
postage on a letter. The territory that now composes Boone 
County belonged to Hendricks, and all our county business 
was transacted there until an act of the legislature to organize 
Boone County was passed in 1829. In 1830 the county was 
organized, and in 1S32 Jamestown was laid off by James Mat- 
lock and John Gibson. The first inn was run by John Gib- 
son ; Jacob Tipton was the first blacksmith ; Sayres & Burk 
engaged first in the dry goods business; E}ihraim Rudisille, 
eight years later, was the first physician, and was also ^a Luth- 
eran preac.'her. By tlie sale of lots and other means my father 



86 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

bought the first wagon he ever owned. We then had a State 
Road, town and mail route, and procured the establishment 
of a postoffice here. Samuel Hughs and .Jacob Tipton were 
both wanting the honor of being appointed postmaster. They 
agreed that the legal voters interested should decide by a vote 
who should be the one. A vote was taken, M-hich resulted in 
a tie. I, then being quite a big, good-looking boy, beginning 
to notice, they agreed that they would impose the onerous task 
on me to settle the matter. Tipton, with evil intent, put 
about my person a beautiful six-pence handkerchief of many 
colors, which -was enticing, and I voted for him. Perhaps it 
was the first vote" sold in Boone County, but there was no 
trouble made about it, and very little has been made since for 
selling votes, for I verily believe that when the votes of the 
parties are nearly evenly balanced votes are bought yet. 

The following Sabbath, a mile distant, over the way, on 
the creek, was a small cabin that had been evacuated by a 
family, who, for fear Black Hawk and his warriors would 
pounce upon them and relieve them of that portion of their 
normal inheritance where the hair took root, had skedaddled 
for old Virginia. The divine who was to preach talked on 
the subject of " Simon Peter, feed my sheep." The chorus of 
the hymn that was sung was "Fare you well, my dear broth- 
ers; fare you well, my dear sisters — though I go, I will come 
again," and then there was shaking of hands. It is easy to 
tell what were their tenets of faith, I was very anxious for 
the time to arrive, and when it came around, I had soap used 
on me, my new tow-linen shirt, cottonade pants, with buck- 
skin suspenders and a straw hat, all of which were made at 
home — not any store goods to complete my dress, except ray 
handkerchief of many bright colors, for which I sold my vote. 
When I hid one half of it in my cottonades and left the other 
portion floating in the breeze, I came to the conclusion that I 
was dressed to my e-itire satisfaction and had a better outfit 
than any boy in the country, and I looked in the mirror and 
found it so. At the proper time, off I went to the first meet- 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 8/ 

ing house that I ever was at, with all the boys following, to 
behold that lovely annex beyond what was common to the 
dress in those days. The dignity in my strut excelled and 
cast a penumbraical shadow on all former displays. Going 
into the church, I walked directly to the center, elevating my 
important self upon the log seat, taking my hat off, standing 
erect in order to make a display, so every person could see my 
handsome rig. I remained in that position until the preacher 
arose to take his text, and he said aloud: "The young man 
standing on the seat will please sit down, then the people's 
attention will be directed to what the preacher says, and not 
to him." The ordeal wilted me. 

Oh, the contraction that it worked in my frame! 

All my elongation never made me the same ; 

My outcome was as Zachariah that climbed the tree 

To get above the multitude his Savior to see. 

But it is not thought to be becoming for one of ray age, 

In telling such stories for me to engage; 

Still there are many who love to hear us tell 

Of the time we came to this country to dwell — 

Their journey on horseback many a mile, 

Traveling the lonely trace like Indians in single file. 

Perhaps it will not be out of place to treat of the knowl- 
edge that some of our officials had at that time of jurispru- 
dence, and what I may say is without malice to any and with 
the most cordial feelings to all. About fifty-four years ago, at 
a gathering of the people here, two men had a fight, and the 
old justice of the peace, being prepared for the emergency, 
had brought his docket with him. There being no constable, 
he made the arrest. He preached the doctrine, what is to be 
will come to pass, so he aided in making the violation of law 
a terror to evil-doers. Near by was a rail pen, which was 
utilized as a pound after the milk cow had been brought in at 
night, to have her safe until morning. There was where he 
held court. It was the first court I was ever in, and, after 
hearing the evidence, he found them guilty and assessed a fine 
of fifty cents against each, and ruled that they should remain 



88 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

in his custody until satisfaction be rendered. Tiien sallied 
forth to the lady, who was a physician at times, engaged in 
the sale of ginger-cakes and matheglem. This beverage was 
a decoction of wild honey and rain water, made in the old 
cedar churn, and she carried the churn, full of the fluid, with 
one arm, and the cakes in her apron with the other, to get to 
the place of rendezvous. The price of a cake and a gourd full 
of the drink was a fourpence-hapenny, and the old lady had 
heard that two of her neighbors were in duress, which 
awakened a feeling of sympathy. She told the old man she 
would graciously give him one of her cakes and a gourd of 
matheglem if he would release those men. It being the time 
of day that men's bread-baskets need filling to prevent con- 
traction, he agreed, and quaffed the filling, then stretched forth 
his arm and said, " By the authority invested in me by the 
acreat state of Indiana, I remit the fine and srive you liberty." 
Tearing the leaves out of the docket, all was over. 

Many years ago a practicing physician, a justice of the 
peace in Jamestown, was an important witness for one of the 
parties in the first case brought in his court, and the attorney 
convinced him that it was legal to give his evidence to him- 
self. He therefore arose, facing his chair, gave the evidenc, 
sat down and decided the case on his own evidence. The 
attorney for the other party declared it was not necessary to 
elect men and pay them to go to the metropolis to enact laws, 
for it could be done more expeditiously and cheaper at home. 
The 'squire afterwards was nominated and made the race for 
representative to the State Legislature. He was a brother of 
a man who was elected to congress from one of the most im- 
portant districts in the state, and made the race for Governor 
afterward. Another 'squire was a theologaster, who having a 
note for the payment of money due him, sued in his court, 
took judgment for the amount in favor of himself, taxed cost 
on case, issued an execution and had the money collected ; in 
a few years made the race for representative. About the same 
date an aspiring young man who afterward soldiered with me 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 89 

during the Mexican War, wearing a grego as I did, was elected 
constable, and having to make a levy on a steer thought it 
would not be legal unless he laid his hand upon him ; there- 
fore he took off his coat, shoes and socks and ran down the 
animal to make the matter lawful. He, in after years, was 
elected and filled with good capacity one of the most important 
offices in Boone County, serving with honor as colonel of one 
of the regiments during the late rebellion. If ignorance is 
bliss, it is folly to be wise. Imperfections are often hidden 
from others eyes. A 'squire and preacher who was among 
the first that settled here, not very able in ethics but skilled 
with his gun — a good old man and the grandfather of a gen- 
tleman who was asking the nomination from the Democratic 
party in 1886 to make tlie race for representative — concluded, 
as meat was getting low in the trough, he would take his gun 
and dog, go into the woods and secure a wild hog. He was 
dressed fashionably for this country, wearing a coon-skin cap, 
hogskin moccasins, no socks, wammus, flax-shirt, and having 
only one large pewter button at the waist which was to do the 
substantial business of keeping the pants in their proper place. 
The dog was also an annex to that button by being looped 
to it by a long leather whang. After scanning the woods for 
about two miles distant, he hove in close proximity to a gang 
of hogs. He shot and wounded one, ran to it in order to dis- 
patch it with his butcher-knife. The other hogs rallied and 
were in the act of taking him in. Trees being plenty he 
utilized one for safety, but his ascension was not very high 
for a time, for his dog was hanging to his pewter button 
with hogs cuttinor at his narrative, so that he did not make 
much progress in getting up there. Things were becoming 
ugly, and for quite a while the 'squire could not decide the 
case, whether he would be able to eat the hog or the hogs cat 
him and the dog, but to his great relief, he became so much 
contracted from fright that the great effort the dog was mak- 
ing to get released, he snaked the pants off of the man in the 
fork of the tree, making for a log of a fallen tree, which he 



90 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

reached in safety, climbing up to where the hogs could not 
molest him. Imagine the dog over there tied to those pants, 
the 'squire up in a tree surrounded by wild hogs which would 
devour him if he came down without his leather trousers. It 
being a very cold, snowy day in mid winter it soon caused the 
old gentleman to catch an opportunity to make a drive for a 
warmer climate, and it soon Avas favorable. He leaped from 
the tree as nimble as a catamount, made good time reaching 
home, did not check up but ran against the door, breaking it 
open and landing in the middle of the floor in the presence of 
wife, family and two neighbor women who were visiting there. 
Being nearlv exhausted and out of wind his voice was warb- 
ling like that of the nightingale when charming the forest 
with her tale. The good wife could nC>t comprehend what he 
said, but being a lady of large conception she soon clothed 
him as Jeff Davis was when taken a prisoner, until his ward- 
robe was replenished. 

My gossip aoo'it raen is wearisome, I fear ; 
I'll give an essay about ladies that were here. 
- Ginseng root.s ting Ly women of the land, 
Beeswax extracted from wild honey were in demand. 

About fifty-five years ago an old man and wife occupied a 
lonely cabin four miles from any neighbors. Their estate con- 
sisted principally in a numerous offspring, and among the 
number were two young ladies aged eighteen and twenty. In 
autumn their time was employed digging ginseng, procuring 
beeswax and getting their products ready for the market. 
Their facility was two bovines of the male kind in a natural 
state, having a bodily make up similar to the bison of the 
western plains, except the lack of horns. Those girls would 
go into the woods, hunt the animals, put halters on their heads 
to guide them, ride them home, throw a sack of one hundred 
pounds of beeswax and 'sang onto them, mount and ride them 
to the store, alight, hitch the transportation train to a tree, 
take their exchange, each enter the store with a load and trade 
it to the merchant for colorino- materials and cotton yarn to be 



BOOXE COUNTY, INDIANA. 91 

manufactured into a web of cloth to clothe the family, proceed 
home and turn loose their steeds in nature's great pasture until 
wanted for use again. 

In those days women did not think of voting, 

Not politicians belonging to the ring ; 

For Paul said many years ago, 

It was not right for ladies to do so. 

But development has had a wide range, 

And in the minds of people wrought a change ; 

Fifty years more in the calendar may tell 

Of the many changes to those who may dwell. 

In 1832 the Black Hawk war was to be right here in a verv 
short time. The many accounts given of the success of the 
savages produced a big scare among the settlers, for as there was 
a greater amount of F. F. V.'s. and Kentucky blood in their 
system than patriotism and bravery, caused many to give away 
what they had and save themselves by flight to the mountains 
of their native state. One man gave eighty acres of good land 
for an old horse to carry his pack, he and his wife walking. 
A nother gave a good cow for a new wool hat, and many others 
did likewise with their property, making the trip, women,. 
chiUrcD and all that were able to walk, back to the old coun- 
try, tor they verily believed that all who remained here would 
be murdered by the Indians. After the war was over the most 
of t.hera returned, and many of their children are living here 
yet. Fifty-six years ago I have a vivid recollection of a family 
that doniiciled near the creek, and in the most frigid winter 
weather, when there was ice on the creek, I hav^e known their 
boys to be out skating on the ice one mile from fire, with but 
little clothing to keep them warm and entirely barefooted. 

Ths fir.-it church that I have any recollection of being erected 
here v/as bu'lt by the Regular Baptists, and was used by their 
flock exeluiively. Shortly after the house was completed a 
Methodi-r n.ini.vtc-r, in passing through the country, applied to 
those 01 tiie < hurch that had taken the bishopric of the Apos- 
tles for the us'j of the house in which to deliver one sermon. 
After a consultarion, they informed him that the heresies that 



92 EARLY LIFE AND TIME3 IN 

he might preach wouhl so adulterate the walls that the people 
who were the chosen of God never could do any good by 
preaching in it, therefore they refused to let him have their 

house. 

May no walls be erected in the ■way, 

To prevent truth from having its full sway. 

On the sine qua non they certainly stood, 

And iu preaching the tenets had to be the same to do good. 

When talent becomes universal this country will be a good 
place to stay in ; but it is not born in all. The first three dis- 
tillers who engao^ed in the business of making what is known 
now as sod corn whisky, at an early day were all in the manu- 
facture about the same time, and leading members of churches 
would go to m.eeting on Sunday, and put on their sanctimoni- 
ous harness, take a seat near the sanctum sanctorum, and their 
reverential appearance excelled that of the meek old Patriarch 
Moses ; but during the sickly season — and that was all the 
year with some — they would take a few bushels of meal to the 
distiller and exchange the meal, one bushel for one gallon of 
whisky, take it home, put roots and barks into it, and have fill 
the family to exercise their imbibation functions in order to 
drive off the noxious and pestilential vapors that might engen- 
der disease in the system. More persons, according to the 
number that used alcoholic drinks excessively at that time, 
died from the effects than at this time. It was a good remedy 
for snake bites, and an overdose got up many fights. 

The preachers then taught that it was a blessing from Go'i, 
Yet the blessing put many under the sod. 

Over half a century ago v.-e were very much in dread of 
the many large and poisonous snakes that were here, but it 
would be too tedious to give a detail of the persons that suf- 
fered from their bites. The largest were the yeilow rattle- 
snakes, many of them measuring six feet, and when killed and 
cut open, inside of them one had a fawn, another a rabbit and 
another a grown grey squirrel. A species of 'ne black racer 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 93 

were still longer than the former, and would follow cows that 
were giving milk and suck them, and the owners of the cows 
had to watch them with a gun and kill the snakes to keep 
from being robbed of the milk. 

I will of necessity have to epitomize my essay and pass by 
what transpired in many years and let others tell it or remain 
in oblivion. In the presidential campaign of 1844 the issue 
between the parties was annexation and war with Mexico 
and those who opposed that policy. I then had arrived at 
years of majority and was "entitled to give my first vote. I 
was zealous in the support of the annexation party, and made 
a firm pledge if war was the result to be one that would go 
and help fight the Mexicans, to sustain what we thought was 
for the best interests of our country. James K. Polk was 
elected, and in 1846 a call was made for soldiers to go over 
to Mexico, as a war was in progress between the two powers. 
In my juvenile days and up to the time I arrived at the age 
of twenty-one years I had been energetic and industrious and 
had accumulated one thou.<?and dollars, quite a fortune in early 
times. I had taken the money and gone to Cincinnati and 
invested in dry goods — just had set up in business with bright 
prospects; but those persons who were opposed to annexation 
began to chide me by saying, " He will not go to Mexico to 
fight the Greasers," and many other opprobious epithets, 
mingled with reproach, were heaped upon me. Then ray 
Kentucky blood became warmed up, developing my patriot- 
ism, and I sold my goods on one year's time, only taking 
seven dollars in purse (and the debt is on time yet, for the 
man to whom I sold failed. and never paid any part of it). I 
have expunged the obligation, as I have been in the habit of 
doing all my business, at given periods wiping out all that 
was not settled, for fear the settlement would be too big in the 
great judgmen day. Walking through mud to Indianapolis, 
I enlisted in the United States Army to serve as a cavalry 
soldier for five years or during the war. The company being 
organized at Fort Leavenworth, that being the time the Mor- 



94 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

mons were emigratine: to Utah, and a number of the men vol- 
unteering to go to Mexico, there was not a sufficient number 
of Mormon men left to guard their families across the plains 
through the many dangerous tribes of Indians that then oc- 
cupied the country, and I was one of the detail to do that 
service. It was the most dangerous and hardest soldiering 
that I did during the war, for we had many engagements with 
the Indians, but in due time got rid of the emigrants. I say 
to their credit that a better class of people than the women 
"were for charity, virtue and good behavior I have not found 
since. Capturing Santa Fe and the most of New Mexico, 
after several eno^agements, Gen. Fremont crossed the Rockv 
Mountains, went south, subduing the Mexicans and Indians 
in all the region of country known as the Eastern Slope of 
the Rocky Mountains ; crossed the Rio Grande at El Paso, 
marched to the city of Chihuahua, conquering the people of 
that state, thence westward through the states of Sonora and 
Durango to Lower California. 

At that place, after being in many engagements from the 
commencement of the war, on the 26th of June, 1848, we 
received the news of peace being concluded between the two 
countries. If I were writing relative to those states, perhaps 
I could give a description that would be interesting, also, of 
the customs of the people. Orders with the news of peace 
were that we march back to Santa Fe and there be discharged. 
After being mustered out of the service, I lost no time in 
traveling home, being on the road all the time until a short 
time before the presidential election of 1848. Having 
received an injury to my breast that caused hemorrhage of 
the left lung, and other diseases contracted while in that coun- 
try which caused me to be confined to bed nearly an entire 
year, I have never enjoyed good health one month since 
without being unable to go about. For my meritorious serv- 
ice I was commissioned captain, but have never been able to 
find any utility in the commission. A pension was granted 
me shortly after the close of the war, the number of it a frac- 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 95 

tion over 8,000, and that included all that had been pensioned 
from the commencement of the government. I am, perhaps, 
the oldest pensioner in Boone County, unless there is some 
person of the war of 1812 drawing a pension. After recover- 
ing somewhat from my broken down condition, I was a cosmo- 
polite for several years, very dubious what course to pursue 
and ductile, not keeping a vade mecum, therefore could not 
give a correct history of affairs. 

We tell of traders long time ago, > 

With ox teams we guarded to Mexico; 

They of toil and danger were not afraid, 

While helping build up the Santa Fe trade; 

But those large wagons and Santa Fe teams, 

And all those mule and ox drivers it seems, 

In the history of pioneer life hath passed, 

By the introduction of the iron horse are displaced. 

A small number of those old veterans still live, 

But congress a pension to them would not give; 

Its no falta de corage es(a sombre, 

Quiero desdoro union comparacion expense. 

The vegetation in autumn may wither and fade. 

Many pioneers of yore 11 their graves are laid. 

But few of the old settlers now live, 

The many stories to others to give. 

Traveling from here five miles each way along Eel River 
there is not one person remaining of the first settlers. Only 
one near relative here now. Grandfather and mother Gibson 
died at about the age of ninety-five years, after living together 
as man and wife seventy-five years. Grandmother, on my 
mother's side, died shortly after coming out here. Both my 
parents are dead and are all at rest with many others in the 
cemetery on the old homestead, donated for a place of rest by 
the veteran pioneer who entered the land. 

Many pioneers in this neglected spot are laid. 

By. their hardships the improvements here were made. 

An addenda concludes the injucundity of the writer, and 
as has been the case before, and may be again, to know how 



96 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

the old settlers acquired any education, there being no facili- 
ties for schools in those early times. Many, lii^e myself, 
graduated in one of the best institutions of the country, in 
which to gain a thorough education. The great North'^vestern 
Institute, ^^here hundreds of the most useful persons in the 
country graduated, using their functions with practical sense, 
looking over the broad surface of the earth at the mountains^ 
rivers, continents and manner of people, and then guided their 
views to the aborial region, contemplating the firmament with 
all the luminaries, imbibing ideas from nature's pure fountain 
which are correct and utilizing them in a way that will give a 
development of correct principles. Oniiisoi it quimalopence. 

RECOLLECTIONS OF SAMUEL EVANS. 

The only surviving members of our family are one brother 
and myself. Evan Evans came here in the spring of 1838. 
The next spring I came with my family. Our brother Jona- 
than came out in the fall of the same year I came. All looked 
new and wild. We had a body of heavy timber to commence 
in. We settled on what was known as the wander prairies, 
two miles south of Elizaville. They were wet most of the 
season unless we had an unusually dry summer. The prairies 
afforded pasturage as early as the 1st of March. This was a 
great relief to us as we had our farms to make. Our best 
plow was the jumping shovel. Our farm implements were few 
in number. The prairies furnished a good supply of hay for 
winter use. There was a good supply of game, such as deer, 
coon, turkeys, and smaller varieties. I never had the patience 
required to make a successful hunter. We had two of Ken- 
tucky's hunters, Willis West and Grandpa Baker, Our mar- 
kets were distant and milling inconvenient. We got our 
hand-mills going and soon got up a pot of mush out of new 
corn. Buckwheat was easier ground. W"e used bridle-paths 
for highways, for sometime if a crossing became muddy we 



^^ 




PHILIP SICKS. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 97 

would soon select another place. The loom and spinning- 
wheel which we depended on in those days have disa])peared. 
The neighborhood generally came together at raisings and log- 
rollings. We were thinly settled for awhile, and I consider 
that the most enjoyable time. As population increased pride 
began to loom up, consequently other rulings became more 
manifested. Several items might be inserted, but as others are 
contributing to your book this will be sufficient. Ages are 
as follows: E. Evans in eighty-sixth year; I am in my sev- 
enty-third year. 

COMMUNICATION FllOM WILLIAM H. MILLS. 

I was born in Guilford County, N. C, June 9, 1815; was 
married to Tobitha Stanbrough, of Wayne County, Ind., 
October 29, 1836. She proved a worthy companion and help- 
mate worthy the name of mother and wife. My early boy- 
hood days were spent in Carolina and Virginia. At the age 
often years I accompanied my father in his trips hauling flour 
and bacon to South Carolina to supply the rich slave-holders 
and their slaves. At the age of fifteen years, I moved a family 
from North Carolina to Wayne County, Ind., remained there 
a short time, visiting friends and relatives, when I sold the 
wagon and returned to North Carolina with the team, over 
the mountains of Virginia and Tennessee. At the age of sev- 
enteen I hauled salt from the Ocean Salt Works to Wilming- 
ton, a distance of eight miles, making one trip a day, driving 
a good team, consisting of five good horses. At eighteen I 
hauled tobacco, for a rich old planter, to Petersburgh, Va. 
The next year I moved to Wayne County, Ind., where, in due 
course of time, I was married, as above stated. After our 
marriage, in 1836, we moved to Madison County, Ind., where 
we had but few white neighbors, with plenty of Indians at 
our side. Here, for seven years, we had a hard struggle for a 
start in the world, and where most of our family v/ere born. 
7 



98 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

In the year 1842 we moved to what ^s'as then called the " State 
of Boone," where we have resided ever since. My occupation 
has been farming and stock-raising. A portion of the time I 
was engaged in threshing grain in Boone and Montgomery 
counties, I believe I had among the first, if not the very 
first, threshers in the county. Threshing was not, at that 
time, done in a few days, but we often worked at it in the 
winter time. Six children living, one in Texas, one in Flor- 
ida, two in Kansas, two in Indiana, all of whom are doing 
well, and I am glad to say I raised them to be temperate and 
industrious men and women. My first vote was cast for the 
late Solomou Meredith, for sheriff, in 1836 — a noble, good 
man, who stood high, not only among his friends, but on his 
feet, being full six feet and six inches high. I was an old 
^yhig up to the death of that party. I have been acting with 
the Kepublican party, but of late have nearly lost confidence 
in parties. I want to live to see a good prohibitory law 
enacted in our state and nation, as it would, in my opinion, 
stop seven-tenths, of the evils of our good county. I am 
glad to say I have lived to see our county improve so much. 
The "State of Boone" is no more applied to us in ridicule, 
but we are fast climbing to the top in the way of advancement 
in everything that goes to make up a good county. 

I trust you will have good success in your laudable under- 
taking of writing up the " Early Life and Times of Boone 
County." 

Mr. Mills resides three-fourths of a mile west of Thorn- 
town. 

COMMUXICATIOX FROM JAMES A. RICHARDSON. 

I was born in Owen County, Indiana, on March 17, 1827. 
My father moved to Boone County on the 31st of February, 
1837, and this county has been my home since that time. 
There has been a great change in the county since that time. 
There were but two roads laid out in the eastern part of the 



BOONE COUNTY^ INDIANA. 99 

county, viz. : the Michigan and the Lebanon and Noblesville 
road. The few settlers that lived in this neighborhood lived 
in log cabins, in the woods with a small patch of ground par- 
tially cleared. The manner of clearing in those days was to 
grub the ,<mall bushes and chop the small trees and logs with 
-axes. Piling them up in large heaps they would be left to 
dry until th'^y could be burned. After deadening the re- 
mainder of the trees the fields then looked more like woods 
than cornfields. This, however, was the best we could do, as 
to have chopped all the trees in this thick forest with its un- 
ditched and overshaded land would hav<?beenan impossibility. 
We had no implements but the maul, wedge, Carey plow and 
the old-fashioned single shovel plow. The Carey plow was 
very scarce then, not being more than one to every half-dozen 
settlers. Such a thing as a carriage or bugcrv was never heard 
of. We lived on corn bread, hog, hominy, potatoes, pumpkins 
and wild game. There was an abundance of small game, such 
as deer, wild turkey, pheasants, quails, raccoons, opossums, 
grey squirrels and rabbits. There was an old water mill on 
Eagle Creek that ground a little corn meal in the rainy part 
of the year, but it being very slow was not to be depended 
upon. A hungry hound could have eaten the meal as fast as 
it was ground. We carried our corn on horseback to Dye's 
and Sheets' mills. The distance was eight and eleven miles. 
In a few years we raised a little wheat which we had to take 
to Indianapolis to get ground for flour. As for market, what 
"wheat and hugs we raised we took to Lafayette, on the Wabash, 
or to the Ohio River. The price of wlieat in those days was 
from forty to fii\y cents ])er bushel. The hogs were sold to 
hog merchants, who bought as large droves as they could buy. 
The price the settlers received was from 81.50 to $2.50 per 
100 pounds. We had to have some things, such as salt, letither 
and spun cotton fin- chain for jeans and linsey. Th j-e arti- 
cles were indispensable, and if they could not be had any other 
way the deer and raccoon skins were resorted to to supply the 
"Nvant, The women spun the wool, wove the jeans and made 



100 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

by hand all the clothing the men wore in the winter, and spun 
flax and tow and wove into linen, which they made into shirts^ 
and pants for their summer wear. There was but little dress 
goods bought in those days. All this work the fair ones had 
to do without the aid of machines save the big and little wheels 
and hand looms. Tliere was not a cook-stove, sewing machine 
nor washing machine for ten or fifteen years after the first 
settling of what is known as the Big Spring neighborhood. The 
"women had to do their cooking by the fireplace, and one room 
was parlor, sitting-room, bedroom, dining-room and kitchen. 
I am of the opinion that if the women of to-day had to go 
back and endure the privations of that time there would be 
some bloody snoots and black shins. We had to cut our wheat 
with the sickle and threshed it with the flail or tramped it oft* 
on a dirt floor with a horse in the field on the ground. To 
separate the wheat from the chatT, we made wind with a sheet 
in the hands of men, one at each end to riddle the downs to 
them. We cut our meadows with the poorest kind of scythes ; 
I think they were all of iron with a crooked stick fastened to 
them. We had no steel pitch-forks in those days, but had to 
go to the woods, hunt out forked bushes and peel them to 
handle our hay with. We did not raise a great amount of 
hay. Our stock cows lived most of the winter Avithout hay. 
Cattle and sheep M'ere very unhealthy at that time. The cat- 
tle died with what was called bloody murain or dry murain; 
but it is now thought to have been leeches that were In the- 
sloughs and ponds. The sheep died from eating wild parsnips 
which grew abundantly in the low, wet land. Hogs did well, 
living almost the year round without corn. Just enough was- 
given them to keep them from growing wild. There were a 
great many wild hogs in the woods at that time. We had no 
school houses and no churches. The first school house in this 
neighborhood was built on the land of Jonathan Scott, on the- 
east bank of Eagle Creek, one quarter of a mile west of the 
little village of Big Spring. This house was built about the 
year 1838. The first church organization was a class of the- 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 101 

M. E. Church about the year 1837. In the summer or fall of 
that year the class was organized at Caleb Richardson's, and 
for a few years most of their meetings were held there and at 
John Parr's. Finally their society grew strong enough to 
build, which they did about the year 1840. They gave it the 
name of Big Spring. This name was given it because of its 
nearness to a very large spring of water. This church was a 
large and commodious hewed I02: buildincc and served a 2:ood 
purpose as a church until the year 1866, when it was super- 
ceded by a neat frame building, which stands there to-day. 
But where are the old pioneers who broke the first sod, cleared 
the brush, felled the large oaks and built the first school 
houses and churches? They are all gone except two that I 
know of, and those are old Uncle Johnny Parr and old Aunt 
Anna Jlichardson. 

COMMUNICATION FKOM T. P. MILLER, OF 
INDIANAPOLIS. 

Statement by Thomas P. Miller, who was born in Dickson 
County, Tenn., on the 1st of December, 1812: When I was 
about one year old my father, Wm. Miller, moved to Butler 
County, Ohio, where he remained long enough to raise one 
crop. He then moved to Union County, Indiana, five miles 
southeast of Liberty, eight miles west of Oxford and three and 
one-half miles southwest of the College Corner, where we re- 
mained until April, 1831. Father had sold his farm the win- 
ter before and entered eighty acres of land in Boone County, 
where he afterwards laid out the town of Eagle Village. In 
the meantime he went to Cincinnati and purchased a stock of 
dry goods, groceries, hardware, queensware, etc. He hired 
ray cousin. James McClelland, to haul his goods from Cin- 
cinnati to Boone County. With three yoke of large oxen and 
-a. large wagon, James brought the goods from Cincinnati to 
our house. With our household goods loaded into a wagon, 
we all started together for Boone. We got along tolerably 



102 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

well until we passed Rushville. It had been raining consid- 
erable and finally turned up with a blustering sdow storm, 
which compelled us to stop. "We stopped at the farm house 
of Rev. James Haven, who kindly gave us the use of a school 
house near his residence. The next day, continuing our jour- 
ney, we came to the Little Blue River, where we remained all 
night on account of high water. The next day we came on 
to Big Blue. There we crossed in a ferry boat by making 
several trips. Our next drawback was at Big Sugar, where 
we were compelled to unload our goods and cross in a largo 
canoe. The wagons were taken to pieces and the horses and 
cattle allowed to swim across. Crossing Yv'hite River at 
Indianapolis in a boat we arrived at Uncle Frank McClclland's 
and Uncle Thomas Martin's, seven miles west of Indianapolis. 
We were now but fourteen miles from our destination. 
Cousin W. B. ^McClelland, brother John and I started ahead 
with our axes. From David Hoover's we cut our road 
through the thick woods and underbrush, crossing Eagle 
Creek to a point about two hundred yards south of the line of 
the Michigan Road. We then built a camp, enclosing three 
sides. The roof, which extended several feet farther than the 
open front, was covered with clap-boards. The next day our 
household goods were unloaded in the camp. Our next mis- 
sion was to build a store-house. This we built of log?> 
scratched inside and out with the broad axe. The size of this 
large and commodious store room was about sixteen feet square. 
When we were ready for the goods it was not long before we 
heard brother Jim hallooing "Mike and Jim; Duke and 
Darby," more than a mile away. When he came up tlie re- 
marks he made about the new road w'e had cut were not very 
flattering. Of course it was not an air line. It was a singular 
and lonesome looking place for a dry goods store, but it was 
not long before the men commenced to drop in through the 
woods, generally with a gun on their shoulder. Our next work 
was to build a double losr house for a familv residence, which 
was of the same architecture as the store room. 



••I 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 103 

At that time there were a few families about three or four 
miles east of us on Williams Creek and McDulfey's run, in 
Hamilton County. There were also several families on 
Crooked Creek, in Marion County about five miles from us. 
There were quite a number of families in Marion County on 
Eagle Creek, below the Boone County line, who were our neiii^h- 
bors and traded at our store. The rest of our neighbors were 
in Boone County, on Eagle Creek above the Marion County 
line. I believe I can give the names of nearly all of rheni. 
Squire, Jacob Sheets, grown sons, Andrew and George, John 
Sheets, Patrick Sullivan, John Sargent, David Hoover, first 
clerk of circuit court, sons Jacob and Isaac, Elijah Cross, 
Austin Davenport, first sheriff, Jesse Davenport, one of the 
first county commissioners, Wesley Smith, first county treas- 
urer, James G. Blair, John King, Rev. Benj. Harris, Captain 
Frederick Lowe, sons John and George, Wm. E. Lane, Jesse 
Lane, Samuel Lane, Elijah Stand ridge, Jacob Johns, John 
Robert Johns, Henry Johns, Johns, Renny Johns, Rev. 
George Dodson, Elijah Dicker.-, jn, Aaron Phipps, Ruel Dod- 
SOD, Thomas Dodson, George Walker, Thomas Walker, 
Texes Jackson, Edward Jackson, and perhaps a few oiiiers 
whose names I have forgotten. The above were ail, or 
nearlv all livino- on Eatjle Creek, above the Marion 
County line, a distance of eight miles. There were two or 
three families living on Whitelick, near the edge of Hendricks 
County — I believe one by the name of Dollerhide and one 
Specklerauir. There was another small settlement at James- 
town and one at Thorutown, which made up the inhabitants 
of Boone County at that time. The next year the emigration 
to Boone County increased rapidly. Dozens of families had 
settled within three miles of us on the west side of Eagle Creek. 
I will give a few of their names : Abram Phillips, Lewis Dale, 
Noah Byrket, Jesse Harden, Joshua Foster, James and U.ob- 
ert White, Wm. Beelar, and many others. I remember well 
of Joshua Foster asking me to hew a set of house logs for him. 
I think it was the same year we came to Boone CVuinty tliat 



104 EARLY I>IFE AND TIMES IN 

Austin Davenport was electpcl representative to the state legis- 
lature from Boone and Hamilton counties and a scope of 
territory north and east of Hamilton County, beating William 
Conner, of Noblesville. The voting precincts at that time 
were from ten to twenty miles apart. On election day I went 
to Jamestown to electioneer for Mr. Davenport, bought a quart 
of whisky, and in the language of Captain Rice, "gin a treat/' 
Mr. Davenport got about all the votes at the precinct. Bro. 
Wash went the same day to a precinct at or near the fulls of 
Fall Creek and done some electioneering for Mr. Davenport, 
which precinct is now a part of Madison County. I believe 
at that time there were only three voting precincts in Boone 
County; one at David Hoover's, on Eagle Creek, one at 
Thorntown and one at Jamestown. The same year Austin 
Davenport, James McClelland and I, took a trip to Lafayette 
on horseback via Thorntown. We passed through the place 
whore the city of Lebanon now stands but did not see a house 
from the time we left Eagle Creek till we came to Thorntown. 
We saw several deer but no Indians. Between Thorntown and 
Lafayette we saw several houses, many gopher hills, prairie 
chicken, sand-hill cranes and sod fences. Mr. Davenport 
stopped at his brother-in-law's, Samuel Hoover, while James 
and I crossed the river, going about four miles in the country 
to Uncle Moses Meek's. Jim was riding a pretty fair looking 
white horse which he was praising to Uncle. "Yes," said 
uncle, " I know that to be a good horse ; I knew him twenty 
years ago. He belonged to a man by the name of Harter who 
lived near College Corner, in L^nion County. The only objec- 
tion any one had to him at that time was that he was a little 
too old." 

The Michigan road was cut out from Madison, Ind., to 
South Bend in the years 1829, 1S30 and 1831. When we 
came to our camp in Boone County the road was cut as far as 
the top of the hill at White River, five and a half miles from 
Indianapolis. About a year later the cutting and grubbing 
was finished through Boone County. The road is one hun- 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 105 

•dred feet wide. Thirty feet of the center the trees were 
grubbed out by the roots, leaving thirty-five feet on each side 
that was cut oti nearly level with the ground. Thousands of 
dollars worth of fine walnut, poplar, oak and other valuable 
timber was literally ruined. When one of those fine, large trees 
was grubbed out by the roots it would leave a hole as deep as 
a man's head. As soon as a tree would fall two men would 
jump on it with axes, both on one side, about six or eight feet 
from the roots, cutting right and left. As soon as one side was 
-cut half through they would turn 1o the other side, cutting in 
the same manner the timber in such lengths as suited them to 
haul out of the road. Those large tree roots, logs, brush and 
rubbish hauled out on each side of the road made it almost 
impossible to get either in or out of the road. Thos. ISIartin, 
of Marion County, and Jas. Sigreson, of Hendricks County, 
had the contract for cutting and grubbing seventeen miles of 
the Michigan road, from Indianapolis north, which extended 
about four miles into Boone County. As soon as the jSIichi- 
gan road was cut out, \Vm. Miller laid out the town of Eagle 
Village, which was surveyed by Geo. L. Kinnard, of Marion 
County. T. P. Miller, a son of Wm. Miller, carried one end 
of the chain to lay off the town, although only eighteen years 
old. Wra. Miller, in 1836, sold his farm, including all unsold 
lots in Eagle Village, to Daniel M. Larimore, who afterwards 
laid off an addition to the village. Wm. Miller was the first 
postmaster, Fielden Utterback the second postmaster, Thos. 
P. Miller was third postmaster. He was then serving as jus- 
tice of the peace, holding that office ten years and the office of 
postmaster nearly nine years. Jos. F. Daugherty was fourth 
postmaster, Nathan Crosby the fifth and last postmaster, the 
oflBce having been abolished. As soon as the cutting and 
grubbing of the Michigan road was finished, the contracts for 
grading were let to the lowest bidder. The sale took place at 
Indianapolis. Austin Morris was the auctioneer and Robt. 
B. Duncan clerk. J. C. Walker got most of the contracts on 
this part of the road. When tiie grading was finished and the 



106 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

holes where the large roots had been taken out filled up, the 
contract for brido-inQ: the streams was let. The brids:es when 
finished were very rough but substantial. The road was now 
ready for the four-horse coaches which were soon carrying the 
daily mail from Indianapolis to Logansport. 

For months at a time while I was postmaster, I had to get 
up at three o'clock in the morning and change the mail. 
When the roads were bad they had to use what they called 
mud wagons. "When we first settled in Boone County the 
woods were covered with pea vine, which afforded excellent 
pasture for cattle. There were a good many black and yellow 
rattlesnakes. Just west of Squire Sheets place there was a 
little mill, or corucracker, which had been built by the neigh- 
bors for their convenience. Jesse Davenport said when it was 
in use it was a faithful little mill. Just as soon as it would 
finish one grain of corn it would jump right on to another. 
At that time there was no regular miller, each person doing 
his own grinding. One of the neighbors took a little sack of 
corn to the mill, put it in the hopper, started the mill and 
went home, to return when his grist should be ground. Hav- 
ing accidently shut his dog in the mill, he returned to find the 
meal eaten out of the chest as fast as it had been ground in. 
The county seat of Boone was located about 1832, and named 
Lebanon. The board of county commissioners were called to 
meet and let the contracts for building a court house and jail. 
The court house was a hewed log house, about 16x24 feetf 
two stories high, and was built on a lot on the north side of 
the public square. The first jail was built east of the public 
square and was made of hewed logs about a foot square. After 
the contracts were let for the building of the court house and 
jail, Jesse Davenport, who was one of the county commission- 
ers, returned home. Several of the neighbors called to learn 
the result of the first meeting of the board at the new caj»itol. 
In answer to- the question regarding the size of the court 
house, Mr. Davenport said: "It is to be ten feet square and 
ten rails hisrh." There were some mud and several log =han- 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 107 

ties scattered around in different parts of the town. There 
was one log shanty on Main street, near the southwest corner 
of the public square, that seemed to attract as much of the 
crowd as the court, which was then in session. There was a 
man in that log house who was retailing whisky by the drink. 
The floor of the cabin was laid with round poles about four 
inches in diameter, and in walking over these they would 
spring down into the mud and water until it was a perfect lob- 
lolly. At that time I believe there was no license required 
for selling svhisky, which retailed at twenty-five cents a gallon. 
At the first court in Lebanon there were not many cases on 
the docket. Nearly half the cases were called hog cases, ])er- 
sons indited for stealing hogs. At a subsequent court held in 
the same court house, Mr. Thos. Kersey, a respectable farmer, 
and three or four other gentlemen who had been summoned 
on the jury, were sitting in a room in the hotel. Col. C. C. 
Nave, a prominent attorney of Hendricks County, was walk- 
ing back and forth across the room with his thumbs stuck in 
the armholes of his vest. Suddenly facing those jurors he 
said : " I am hell on a hog case." Mr. Kersey said he sup- 
posed the colonel took them all to be hog thieves. 

The auditor's, treasurer's and recorder's offices were all 
destroyed by fire in October, 1856. The auditor, James A. 
Nunn, succeeded in saving one book, which was of but little 
value. The treasurer, John C. Daily, got the tax duplicate 
for that year, which was of more value to the county than any 
other book in the office. There was nothing saved in the 
recorder's office. Thomas P. Miller was not at the fire, but 
could not have saved anything if he had been there, as the 
recorder's books were all at the back part of the room, the 
most remote from the head of the stairs. The three offiees 
were in the same room, in the second story. The entire bl<>ck 
was consumed by fire. In the recorder's office there wer(.' at 
least one thousand deeds burned, that had been recorded and 
not taken out, which made it necessary to get a proof record 
and also a record of deeds heretofore recorded, which made 



108 EARI.Y LIFE AND TIMES IN 

much trouble, expense and some litigation. The two first 
brick dwellings built in Lebanon were built by Sanuiel S. 
Brown and William Zion. Thomas P. Miller had the first 
brick business house, which was built for William Bowers, 
the saddler, and was built of brick out of the old court house. 
William F. Boyd was the bricklayer, Frank Williams the car- 
penter, and George James and Allen Coombs the tin roofers. 
When the house was finished a scuttle-hole was made in the 
Toof and Billy Bowers constructed a rope ladder, so as to have 
easy ascent to the roof in case of fire. That house stands on 
the south side of the public square, and is joined on the east 
by Dr. James Evans' building, the second brick building 
erected in Lebanon. Lebanon's second jail was built on the 
same lot that the first log court house was built, and was of 
hewed logs a foot sqiiare. The third jail was built on the 
same lot. It was of brick, stone and iron. It was about the 
size of a hen-coop and a perfect nuisance. The fourth jail, 
which stands near the northeast corner of the public square, 
can be seen with the naked eye. The third court house can 
-tilso be seen without a spy-glass. The names of the four 
county officers who were in office at the time the court house 
was built were cut in a stone and placed over the north door 
of the court house, viz. : W. C. Kise, clerk ; J. A. Xunn, 
auditor; J. C. Daily, treasurer; and T. P. Miller, recorder, 
Thomas P. Miller is the only one now living, although the 
eldest of the four, Hugh O'Xeal, a prominent attorney of 
Indianapolis, who practiced in Boone County at an early day, 
said he thought Boone would be a very good county some day, 
but it would have to be jerked up about three feet. The 
man that did the first surveying in Boone County (before it 
was a county) was Col. Thomas Brown, of Union County, 
Ind. I was a small boy, but remember when he surveyed 
the new purchase, as it was called. Brown's Wonder took its 
name from a remark he made while surveying near that creek. 
Setting his jacob-stafP down and looking all around, he said, 
■**I wonder where Ave are?" In his field-notes he said the 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. * 10& 

undergrowth consisted principally of hazel brush, prickle-ash 
and black rattlesnakes. Austin Davenport built the first 
brick house in Boone County, which is on the ]Michigan road^ 
a half mile north of Eagle Village. T. P. Miller built the 
second house in Eagle Village, a hewed log house, one story, 
sixteen by eighteen feet, and a brick chimney, the first in the 
neighborhood. W. "\Y. Miller built the first house in Eagle 
Village, which was a cabinet shop, sixteen by tweenty-four 
feet, hewed logs. The first dry goods establishment in Eagle 
Village, after the town was located, was the firm of Williams, 
Conner & Russell. At one time Eagle Village had two hotels", 
four or five dry goods stores, two groceries, two tan-yards, two 
saddle shops, two blacksmith shops, cabinet shop, tin shop, 
chair shop, and a half dozen carpenters. The Indianapolis 
and Lafayette State road was surveyed in 1829. James 
McFalin was the commissioner; Col. George L. Kinnard, sur- 
veyor; Robert Martin, the bush-whacker; James McClelland 
and William W. Miller, chain-carriers. The first survey made 
from Indianapolis missed Lafayette two miles, but when there, 
the colonel knew where Indianapolis was, and had no trouble 
in correcting back. When they arrived at the point where 
Lebanon now stands. Col, Kinnard turned to the chain-carriers 
and asked how many pins they had. When told, he stuck his 
Jacob-staff down and said : " Here is the center of Boone 
County " It was not long after that till Gen. James P. Drake 
and Col. George L. Kinnard were the owners of the land that 
the original plat of Lebanon was laid out on. Rose, Harris" 
and Longley made the first addition. Spencer and McLaugh- 
lin made the second addition. 



COMMUNICATION FROM WM. E. LANE. 



ZioNsviLLE, Ind., Oct. 18, 1< 
Messrs. Harden & Spahr, Lebanon, Ind. : 

Dear Sirs — Inclosed find a short sketch of my life, my 
parents and grand parents. 



110 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

My grand parents, Lambert Laue and Nancy Anderson, 
were emigrants from England. They were both young when 
their parents arrived in this country. Their parents settled 
on the Su.rquehanna River in Pennsylvania about fifteen miles 
north of its mouth, in the wild woods and amongst the Indians. 
While living there my grand parents became acquainted and 
were married in the quaint old style. My grandfather wore 
a blue cloth coat cut "claw hammer" style, with no lapels, 
ornamented with large brass buttons which closely buttoned 
up his coat; his pantaloons were white linen, buckled with a 
large silver buckle just below the knees to a pair of white silk 
stockings. His shoes were leather, fastened with another pair 
of silver buckles. Grandmother wore a white cambric dress, 
with nice hand embroidery on the skirt. In a few years they 
moved to Virginia and lived there about four years; then 
they moved to Tennessee on the Holston River and remained 
there for a few years, after which they moved to Shelby 
County, Kentucky, about five miles from Shelbyville. AMiile 
living there my father, Thomas Lane, became acquainted with 
Anna Ellis, and was married to her on the 11th day of April, 
1799. They lived together thirty-six years, when my father 
took pneumonia and was sick for six weeks. His disease be- 
came chronic and he died August 18, 1835. My mother 
Dever married again, but lived to raise her family. She died 
of remittent fever May 24, 1848. My father served as a 
Revolutionary soldier for seven years; he was a private fjr 
three years, when he was commissioned as an officer, which he 
held to the close of his soldiery. He underwent many trials 
and privations, but was never sick a day while in the army, 
save from the wounds he received. He was wounded four 
times, once seriously while guarding the ]Moccasiu Gap. He 
was surrounded by the Indians and would have lost his life if 
providence had not favored the occa-ion with a very severe 
rain storm, which wet the powder in the Indians' old flint-lock 
guns, and prevented them from firing. He put spurs to his 
gallant horse and was hastily making his escape, when a sturdy 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. Ill 

warrior seized his bridle rein and brought his horse to a sud- 
den halt. Father used his sabre and cut one Indian's arm off, 
hacked another on the head till he fell to the ground. He 
then forced his horse through their ranks, but received a 
severe cut in his right side which lasted him several weeks. 

He was sent home then and remained there about three 
months, when he was called back to resume his place in the 
army. He always obeyed his superiors, and was never pun- 
ished during his terra of soldiery. He served his time out in 
the army and came home without a dollar in his pocket ; but the 
•Government allowed him to bring his horse, sword and pistol 
home, with the assurance that he should be paid for the whole 
seven years' service and receive a land bounty, but too sad to 
think of, neither got money nor land; yet he came home in 
good health and good spirits, hoping that a large yield of his 
tillage might make prospects brighter. He soon made money 
enough to enter a quarter section of land. 

He remained on that farm (Shelby County, Ky.) until the 
spring of 1811, when he with his family came to the Indiana 
Territory and settled on the Ohio River in what is now Har- 
rison County. He entered land there, built a cabin and went 
to work in the green timber to make a field, for it was root 
hog or die. He accumulated means very rapidly and was soon 
able to own a large tract of land, notwithstanding he raised a 
large family, five daughters and nine sons. All lived to be 
grown but one son. I herewith insert a copy of the old fam- 
ily register, just as it was written by my father, and only wish 
that I could give a/ac simile of the writing: 

THE FAMILY KECORD OF THOMAS LANE. 

Thomas Lane was born June o, 1763. 
Thomas Lane died August IS, 1835. 
Anna Lane was born January 25, 1782. 
Anna Lane died May 24, 184S. 
Isaac Lane was born October 17, 1800. 
Sarah Lane was born January 30, 1802. 
Craven Lane was born November 9, 1803. 



112 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

Malinda Lane was born June 13, 1^05. 
William E. Lane was born July 3, 1807. 
Linna Lane was born October 10, 1809. 
Fielding W. Lane was born July 1, 1811. 
Eliza E. Lane was born March 3, 1814. 
Ellis Lane was born July 11, 18J6. 
John A. Lane was born July 1, 1817. 
Pleasant G. Lane was born July 3, 1819. 
Anna A. Lane was born November 19, 1820. 
Darii W. Lane was born September 24, 1823. 
Nelson Lane was born January 8, 1827. 
Ellis E. Lane died August 22, 1816. 
Liuna White died September 1, 1837. 
John A. Lane died September 7, 1843. 
Nelson Lane died July 13, 1851. 
Davis W. Lane died March 27, 1852. 
Isaac Lane died June 23, 1875. 
Pleasant G. Lane di-;d August, 1876. 
Craven Lane died September 4, 1873. 
Sarah Keller died December 12, 1863. 
Malinda Barnett died October, 1858. 
Eliza E. Barnett died September 15, 1868. 
Anna Gresham died February 11, 1881. 
Fielding W. Lane died January 11, 1883, 

Thomas Lane, Anna Lane and seven of their children^ 
to wit: Ellis E. Lane, Linna White, Nelson Lane, John A. 
Lane, Davis Lane, Sarah Keller and Craven Lane, were bur- 
ied on Cedar Ridge on father's own farm, near Lane's Landing 
on the Ohio River, Harrison County, Ind. Malinda Barnett 
was buried in a Presbyterian cemetery near Reesville, Put- 
nam County, Ind. Eliza E. Barnett was buried in a Baptist 
cemetery near Reelsville, Ind. Pleasant G. Lane was buried 
in a country cemetery near Shoals, Martin County^ Ind. Isaac 
Lane was buried at Shellsburg, Benton County, Iowa. Field- 
ing W. Lane was buried at Brookly, Iowa. This is the fam- 
ily record of my father, which carries all the family to their 
graves but myself. 

In August, 1828, I came to Boone County and entered the 
tract of land that I now live on. I then went back to Harri- 
son County, and was married to Elizabeth Simpson on the -Ith 










/'■ 






ii 







'^^-n 



'l/ll 

"i 



T. 






0' 



ELI SMITH. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 113 

day of February, 1830. Her father, Thomas Simpson, v.'as a 
man of more than ordinary intellect, was of foreign birth — 
born in Scotland Jane 27, 1757. He, with his parents, came 
to Virginia in his boyhood days, and remained there until the 
beginning of the Revolutionary War; he then volunteered for 
a soldier, and went to the army as a private under General 
Washington. He was in the army for seven long years. Al- 
though he started as a private, he soon honored the First 
Sergeant's rank; but long before the war closed he bore the 
commission of Second Lieutenant. He, like many others, 
suffered many privations during the war. On one occasion, 
when camping for the night, he kicked the snow from a brush 
heap, spread his blanket and slept for the night, as they were 
in the enemy's country and no fire was allowed. He served 
his time in the army and when discharged went back to Vir- 
ginia to farming, and married Abigail Moore (the exact day and 
month we can not give, the paper being so old, and very pale 
ink, that it could not be read) in 1784. That coming February 
he went to Jefferson County (now Nelson County), Kentucky, 
and laid a v/arrant for a patent containing live hundred acres. 
He remained there the following summer and deadened the 
green timber on a parcel of ground, giving a desirable loca- 
tion for a house and field. The whole summer he was com- 
pelled to sleep on the bare ground to prevent the savage In- 
dians from scalping him, each night sleeping in a difl'erent 
place, with his old " killing iron " by his side. 

He worked all summer on this piece of land, then returned 
to his native home and found his wife enjoying the sweet hum 
of her spinning-wheel. He then rented a farm of George 
Washington, and was to have the use of the horses and slaves 
on the farm. Simpson was to provide for the negroes and sell 
Washington's corn at "two shillings and six pence per bushel, 
hay at tlie same price." This quotation is taken from the 
original contract made between Simpson and Washington, 
dated December 21, 1785. While engaged in deadening the 



114 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

green timber on his Kentucky land, the Indians stole his 
horse, which left him with nothing but his ax and gun (old 
killing iron) to fight his way with those savage wretches. 
This compelled him to walk from Bloomfield, Kentucky (nick- 
named Gandertown), to his old home place on the jNIononga- 
hela River, Marion County, West Virginia (then Virginia), 
a distance of over five hundred miles. He arrived on the 
Virginia home in good health, vigorously pushed the work on 
the Washington farm until 1790, when he, with his wife and 
two little children, went to his own home near Gandertown, 
Kentucky. He spent the remainder of his life on that farm, 
in the noble pursuit of a farmer's life, in the steadfast faith of 
a Presbyterian. His only brother, John Simpson, M-as the 
father of President U. S. Grant's mother. He was a member 
of the noble order Free and Accepted Masons, and died in good 
standing, a member of the Bardstown lodg-e. He died from 
a bullet wound received from a British soldier while struggling 
for our nation's liberty. The bullet went through his right 
lung and rested against the shoulder-blade, producing a run- 
ning sore, which brought his worthy life to a peaceful close 
about twelve o'clock, August 10, 1825. His wife, Abigail, 
died of dropsy of the heart on the 12th of February, 1825. 
They were both buried on the old farm on Simpson's Creek, 
near Bardstown, Kentucky. 

THOMAS SIMPSON'S FAMILY RECORD. 

Thomas Simpson was born June 27, 1757. 
Abigail Simpson was born July 6, 1761. 
Mary Simpson was born May 15, 1786. 
J. Moore Simpson was bora November 2, 1787. 
Tamer Simpson was born January 15, 1789. 
Samuel Simpson was born December 5, 1789. 
Nancy Simpson was born August 4, 1793. 
Nelly Simpson was born .January 29, 1795. 
John Simpson was born October 27, 1796. 
Gilbert Simpson was born January 23, 1799. 
Elizabeth Simpson was born .January 19, 1801. 
Haoaah Simpson was born June 18, 1804. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 115 

The Simpson family was scattered all over the oountry in 
different states until I lost sight of them, and do not know 
where all of them died ; but all the family is gone, not one is 
left to tell the sad story. 

My wife and I arrived in Boone County, on our wooded 
home, on the 31st day of December, 1830. That winter I 
cut trees to build a cabin; the next spring I got a few of the 
old settlers and we erected a cabin 18 x 23 feet; we covered it 
with clapboards that I had split out of a large red oak tree. 
They were made four feet long and laid down loosely and 
weighted down with heavy poles; the lower one, or eave- 
bearer, had a large pin through it to prevent it from slipping 
off. 

We moved into our cabin without any shutter to the door, 
when there were plenty of rattlesnakes, wolves and bear in the 
country, and worse to be dreaded of all was the wild boar. 
There were no mills near us, and millins: was a g-reat item. On 
one occassion when it became necessary for me to get corn 
ground (for that was nearly all the kind of bread we used) I 
took a sack of corn and put it on a horse and started to mill 
to be gone over night, my wife remaining at home to do as 
best she could. In the early part of the night our large sav- 
age dog began baying at something. Betsy (as I called her) 
got up and built a fire, and stepped to the door and raised the 
blanket that hung up for a shutter; she hissed the dog so as 
to drive away the intruder, but the coarse growl from a bear 
frightened her very badly. She stepped to the fire, took a 
burning stick in her hand to singe him if he came in. Sud- 
denly thedog was boxed into the middle of the room, but rose 
instantly and fought so hard that the bear was driven away. 
On another occasion when I had been away from home to do 
a day's work, I returned by the light of the stars, ate my sup- 
per, and went to doing my chores; and as corn was always 
scarce in the fall we fed pumpkins until they would freeze. 
This time I took my pumpkin stick, went to the field, got my 
load and came to the house to feed my horse and cow. Sud- 



lie / EAKLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

denly I heard a rustling behind me, and I pitched ray load off 
of rav shoulder, turned around and saw a verv larfre wild boar 
just ready to jump at me. I jumped the little yard fence, went 
into the house and got my gun and came out and "settled'' 
Avith him. 

We iTad a very hard time in the wilderness, as it might be 
called. Coming away from a locality where everything was 
plenty and market near. Th.e nearest dry goods store or gro- 
cery was at Indianapolis, fifteen miles away. About tiiree 
years after we came to this county, William ]\Iiller put up a 
few dry goods in an old cabin in old Eagle A'illage about two 
miles away. 

We struggled on in life, striving to raise our family, which 
had to be clothed by our home production, which was flax and 
tow linen for summer, and jeans colored with walnut bark for 
winter. Wool was carded by hand and spun on a little spin- 
ning Avheel. 

We had eleven children born to us — eight sons and three 
daughters — six sons and two -ilaughters still living. But my 
devoted companion bid adieu to earthly friends and went to 
her heavenly home on the morning of !March 28, 1879; but 
ere long I too will have gone to meet her, for I am now sev- 
enty-nine years old, having been born July 3, 1807, and my 
companion, Elizabeth Simpson, January 19, 1801. 

William E. Lane. 

COMMUXICATIOX FROM GEO. B. RICHARDSOX. 

The subject of this sketch was born August 24, 1828, in 
Decatur County, Indiana, eight or nine miles north of Greens- 
burg, consequently a Hoosier by birth. At the age of nine 
years my father moved to the State of Boone, being the fall of 
1837. This carries us back half a century, when this country 
was almost an unbroken wilderness, and to the time when 
there were but few residents in Marion Township, and from 
the best information that I can gather, the man that my father 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 117 

« 

bought out was probably the fii'i^t white inati that ever settled 
in Marion Township. His name was Isaac Srite. He moved 
on north where it was not so thickly settled. There were but 
few families, to my knowledge. I will name the most of them. 
They were Jacob Parr, Sr., John Parr, \Vm. Parr, John Holl- 
ingback, Caleb Richardson, Moody Gilliam, T. J.Linsy, John 
F. Johnson, Jonathan Scott and my father Jonathan Richard- 
son, and James Richardson. This, so far as I know, was 
about the number of citizens of Clarion Township. This may 
suffice for the names of the early pioneers. Probably it would 
be more interesting to refer to the condition that things were 
in fifty years ago. Then our county was almost an unbroken 
wilderness. Game was abundant, such as deer, turkey, wolves, 
wild cats, and there was said to be some bear and panthers, 
though I never saw any of the last two named ; and as to 
small game, such as squirrels, pheasants, coon and oppossum, 
I suppose Boone could have taken in as many to the square 
mile as any county in the state. And then there were some 
bad snakes, such as the black rattlesnake, the red belly, the 
water moccasin, the chicken or cow snake, and a number of 
other different kinds. Some were said to be very jioisonous. 
One thing I know, I was always a little afraid of a big snake ; 
I did not like his looks, especially when he was reaching for 
fight. But about the most daufrerous thino; we had to contend 
with were the wild hogs. Some of them, old he fellows, with 
tusks four or five inches long, were formidable foes, and the 
i>est way you could manage was to shoot them down or to 
keep entirely away from them. They could kill a dog too 
quick. There were but few dogs that had any business to 
tackle him in those days. They were troublesome in leading 
the tame ones off. Some had their hogs belled so they could 
find them in the woods. I have known hogs to live out all 
winter without a grain of corn, and it was no uncommon thing 
for us to kill our meat off the most fat and nice without feed- 
ing them one ear of corn, which was a good thing for most of 
lie earlv settlers. It it had to have been fattened on corn we 



118 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

would have had some very thin meat. And as to all the hard- 
ships and privations through which my father and all the early 
settlers had to pass, I am perfectly familiar with. Our houses 
were generally built of round logs, about 18x20 feet, pole 
joists, clapboard loft and roof, with the boards held on the 
house with poles called weight poles, and a puncheon flour, a 
fire-place in one end of the house, six or seven feet long, back 
and jam made of dirt, the chimney was sticks and clay, the 
door or doors were made of long boards and hung on wooden 
hinges, a wooden tack or a pin to hold it shut. The windows 
were generally one or two logs cut out and paper pasted over 
it and greased, so as to let the light shine through the paper. 
Now, when you get the house chinked and daubed, you have 
the house ready to move into. You move into your new house 
with six or seven children, and this has to serve as parlor, bed 
room and kitchen, and sometimes as shoe shop and cooper 
shop. Then comes your cooking vessels, which were about 
this: a skillet and lead teakettle, stewkettle and a frying pan. 
Your water shelf was made by boring two holes in the. house 
and driving pins in them, and then putting a load on the pins. 
Your cupboard, or dresser for your dishes, was gotten up 
much on the same style. Your table was either made of split 
boards or a slab split out of a big log and holes bored in each 
corner and legs drove in tliem I have riot yet said anything 
about the bed and bedstead. Some few had bedsteads with 
turned posts, or fancy post bedsteads, as they were called in 
those days. The most of them were made by splitting out 
the posts and dressing them up with a draw knife and boring 
holes for the rails. But then there was a cheaper class of bed 
than this, which was constructed on this plan, by putting two 
poles in the cracks of the house and one leg with holes bored 
in it to fasten the other end of the poles in. This was called 
a one-leiTEred bedstead. I have had manv a u'ood nioht's rest 
on the last kind spoken of that I know of. 

If a man had a good axe, an auger, draw-knife and hand- 
saw he could make anvthing he wanted. The tools above 



BOONE COUxNTY, INDIANA. 119 

named be bad to buy, but wbeu he got them he then had a 
complete outfit. The next thing was to knock the brush 
away, fence in your yard and clear up a garden patch. Then 
came the heavier work ; then all our clearing had to be done 
in the green ; the grubbing was no small item, but when it 
came to taking the green timber down, trimming and peeling 
the brush, chopping the logs so they could be rolled, and roll- 
ing and burning them, was something that the present gener- 
ation knows nothing about. And then the next thing is to 
get your little patch broke. The roots and stumps are so 
thick that you can hardly get your plow into the ground until 
it would .strike a root or stump. The fact is, it took a mighty 
good Christian man to plow in those days. We raised a little 
corn, but we had to watch it mighty close, both spring and 
fall. The squirrels would dig it up in the spring if you did 
not keep them out or feed them ; we have caught hundreds of 
them. Then they were ready for the corn just as soon as it 
was in roasting ear, and then there were black birds by the 
thousand ; so you see we had a great many things to contend 
with. I have even seen the gnats and raosquitos so bad that 
you would have to build up a fire, to make a smoke, to milk 
the cows. They would almost blind a person ; and, as I said, 
we raised but little corn and no wheat for a few years, so our 
biscuits were all corn dodger or Johnny cake. 

It will not do to narrate or detail hardly anything that 
comes up in my mind ; but to return to the subject. In those 
days we had no roads except paths blazed or hacked out from 
house to house ; and when you started to go to your neigh- 
bors living some distance away, you would take the path that 
would lead to one neighbor's house, and then take the path 
from his house to the next, and so on until you would reach 
the desired point ; and you would hardly ever see a man going 
from place to place without his gun on his shoulder. It was 
no uncommon thing for a man to take in a deer or a turkey ; 
as to squirrels and pheasants, they would not waste their am- 
munition for. I might say something more about our roads. 



120 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

if there had been any to speak of. The next thing I shall 
notice is the schools and school houses. It was some time 
after we came to Boone County before I heard anything said 
about a school district. The citizens generally lived in set- 
tlements, so they would select some central point to erect a 
school house ; then they would set a day to meet, clear off the 
ground, cut the logs, haul them in, and probably the next day 
they would rear the structure. Now it would just do you 
good to see one of tliose model colleges. I will give you a 
description of the first school house that was erected in this 
section of country. It was about eighteen by twenty or 
twenty-two feet, ol' round logs and very rough at that, and 
each log about from eight to sixteen inches too long, leaving 
very rough and ragged corners; cabined off and covered with 
clapboards, which were held on the house with poles. The 
door was cut out in one corner; the shutter was made out of 
long boards and hung on wooden hinges, the fireplace was 
cut out in the end, and it came very near taking the wliole 
end of the house out, some six or seven feet at least. The fire- 
})lace was made of dirt, the chimney of sticks and clay, with a 
good bunch of mud on the top piece on each corner of the 
chimney to hold them from blowing off. The floor was 
punciieons split and hewed and laid down green, and when 
they seasoned there were some fearful cracks. The seats, or 
benches, were made by splitting slabs twelve or fourteen feet 
Jong, then boring four holes in them and driving legs in. 
The writing tables were made by boring holes in the logs, 
driving pins in and plank or slabs on them. The windows 
were constructed in this wise : by cutting and taking out the 
half of two logs, one above the otlier, then pasting paper over 
the space and greasing it so as to let the light shine through. 
There was not a pane of glass nor a })ouud of nails about the 
whole house. 

Well, the next thing was to get some one to teach a school, 
as the house was built and furnished and ready for business. 
They would go at it in this wise: They found some one that 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 12L. 

could spell, read, write a pretty good hand, and if he was 
good in arithmetic and would lick the scholars if they did not 
keep order, were all the qualifications necessary for a teacher. 
They would draw up an article of agreement something like 
this: I, George B. Kichardson, propose to teach — naming the 
branches, generally spelling, reading, writing, and arithmetic. 
That was as far as they would go. We had no use for gram- 
mar in those days; and they would teach so many days for so 
much per scholar, to be paid at the expiration of said school. 
So this was the way we got our education in those days, and 
this was the way it generally turned out : when you started to 
school if you was large enough to do much work in the clear- 
ing would go to school all the bad days and stay at home and 
work all the nice weather. I haye giyen you a description of 
our school house ; it Nvas not only a school house, but a church 
also. I have seen as great revivals carried on in that old 
log house as I have ever seen since, and I have always be- 
lieved that those old men and women knew just what they 
were talking about, and I don't think the preachers then 
preached for the money alone, for there was not much money 
in it fifty years ago. It would do some of the folks good to 
hear some of the old-time preachers; but the most of our up- 
starts would call them old fogies and likely make sport of 
them. Well, I might say something of the markets: In the 
first place, we had very little to sell, but what little we had, 
must be hauled to the river — Madison, Lawrenceburg or Cin- 
cinnati. I have known ray father to haul wheat from h.ei-e to 
Lawrenceburg;, and he gone nine or ten davs, and then could 
get only forty cents casii or forty-five cents in goods per bushel ; 
not only him, but all the neighbors. Sometimes four or five 
would go together, take their provisions and horse feed, and 
camp out every night, and would have a happy, good time of 
it. Some years thcreafrer a wheat market oj)ened up at Lafay- 
ette. Then they thought that v.-e iiad a market right at liome 
and cuuld go there and \\a(:k in four or five days. My mind 
has been somewhat drawn out in thinking of the past, and to 



122 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

the youths of the present day I have no doubt that what I 
have written will seem incredible, but those of my age can 
testify whether the things I have written are correct or not» 
I will now compare the present with the past, or speak of a 
few of the changes that have taken place within my recollec- 
tion, which will carry me through a period of about fifty-six 
years, as I am now near sixty. 

Fifty years ago this was a wilderness or a dense forest with 
scarcely any inhabitants. I doubt whether there were over 
three or four towns in the county, and I do not suppose there 
were a dozen houses in the city of Lebanon, and it was well 
enough, for it was hard to get there and a harder matter to 
find the place when you got there. And if it should be at a 
wet and gloomy season of the year, you would conclude of all 
the places on earth Lebanon was the most disagreeable, espe- 
cially in the spring of the year, for about six weeks you could 
hear nothing day or night but about ten thousand frogs all 
yelping at once. This was music to the sinner's ear, but not 
much joy or peace about it. There were no roads, either to- 
the city or away from it. Now Ijebanon is a desirable place to 
live in, with her hundreds of nice, comfortable dwellings, and 
it is nicely situated. If it could have been so that a person 
could have foreseen fifty years ago and pictured out what it is- 
to-day, he would have been thought to l)e a fit subject for the 
insane asylum, if there liad been any such place. Then gravel 
roads were not thought of in this country, let alone the idea 
or thought of railroads running all through the country, bring- 
ing our markets riofht to our doors. The former we needed 
fifty years ago ; l)ut you could not have broken a man or com- 
pany up quicker than to have given him a railroad and com- 
pelled him to run it with wiuit money he would have gotten 
out of it. In the first place there was no travel to amount to 
anything; the pioneers had neither time nor money to spend 
in that way ; and as to freight, there would not have been 
more than six or eight carloads in the whole county outside 
of what few hogs that could be gathered up, and they were 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. J 23 

generally in good shape for traveling. As to our improve- 
ments, we just simply had none to amount to anything; true, 
what little we did have was highly prized. Our mills were 
very unhandy, and such mills as they were at that, all water 
mills, and too much water would wash out the dam, and of a 
dry time you could not grind, or perchance it might he frozen 
up in the winter season. Our nearest mill, about four miles 
distant, belonged to a man by the name of John Koontz, and 
if the mill was in good running order it would grind from two 
to four bushels per hour, and as there were but few wagons in 
the country milling was done on horseback. A wagon-load 
would almost have been a week's work. When the water be- 
gan to fail they would grind an hour or two in morning and 
shut down and gather a head, and so on. 

Time has worked wonders since my recollection, in the 
milling business as well as in every thing that you can think 
of. There were no sawmills in the country to amount to any- 
thing, and to undertake to put up a frame building was an 
awful undertaking in this section of country. When the first 
frame house was built in this community the logs were hauled 
about nine m.iles to get them sawed ; the studding and rafters 
were all hewn and the shingles were split and dressed down 
with the draw-knife, and good carpenters were hard to find ; 
all other material was scarce and hard to get, and money was 
very scarce, so the improvements of this kind ])rogr^ssed very 
slowly for fifteen or twenty years. I might say something about 
our tools and farm implements. Well, the ax, the maul and 
wedge and the grubbing-hoe are pretty much as they were 
fifty years ago, though considerable improvement has been 
made on our ax. Our plows were the old Cary, or bull plow, 
as they were called, with iron shares and wooden mouldboard, 
and, by the way, I have seen some mighty good results brought 
about by the use of this old pioneer, and then there were three 
or four two-horse harrows to my knowledge. We generally 
sowed our wheat and plowed it in with the shovel-plow. The 
next thing I might mention is our implements to take care of 



124 EARLY LIFE A^'D TIMES IN 

our harvest. To cut our wheat we used the side or reap- 
hook, as they were called, and if a farmer had six or eight 
acres of wheat he had his hands full during harvest time. 

After they would get their wheat cut they would stack it, 
and at some leisure time clean off a tramping floor and lay 
their wheat down, and then get all the horses and boys they 
had to ride them around over the straw till the wheat was all 
fihelled out, then take off the straw and put down another 
floor full, and so on. This I thought was fun when I was a 
boy. Then they would get a fanmill and clean it up. Some- 
times you would have a load to haul off, and sometimes 
you would not have more than enough for seed and bread. 
As to o-rass, we cut that down with a mowing scythe, then 
scattered it to cure, then raked it with forks, shocked it, and 
then hauled it in and stacked it out. We had no barns to 
mow our hay away — nothing but log stables, and the mow 
Avould not hold more than two or three loads. Our pitchforks 
were all wood, and a good one was thought to be worth taking 
care of I have not said anything about the way we generally 
«pent our time from the time winter broke till crop time. The 
first was to go into the sugar business, which was no little 
• business if properly carried on. We used to open from three to 
five hundred trees and make from three to six hundred pounds 
of sugar and a lot of molasses, which did not go bad with pan- 
cakes. Then the next thing was to take the dead timber down 
-and get our logs burned down and the trash piled so that the 
logs could be rolled. It was no uncommon thing for a man 
to put in from ten to twenty days rolling logs, and go as far 
as three or four miles to a log rolling or house raising. In 
short, there have been no changes in this county for forty-nine 
years but have been under my observation, but it has been so 
slow and gradual that it is hard to tell when or how it was all 
•accomplished. It has been like planting a small tree ; you 
will not perceive the one year's growth, but let it stand and 
-cultivate it for fifty years and you have a large tree, and it 
don't seem possible that it was the same tree you planted fifty 



BOONE COU^iTY, INDIANA. 125 

years ago. So has been the growth of our county since I first 
came into it. There was not a hay rake, hay fork to unh'>a(.l 
hay in the barn, threshing machine of any kind, reaper, binder, 
mower, wheat drill, corn planter, double shovel plow, riding 
break plow, spring tooth harrow, hay loader nor anything of 
the kind in the county, I don't suppose, nor for a good many 
years after, let alone what is carried on by steam power, and I 
do not think that there were but few steam engines in the state 
fifty years ago, let alone Boone County, and now there is 
scarcely anything done but what is done by horse or steam 
power. Xow we can thre.-h from six hundred to one thousand 
bushels per day, although I can recollect when my father beat 
it out with a flail and cleaned it up with a sheet. This may 
seem strange to the young people of the present day, but what 
I have written is not overdrawn. I don't know but that I 
ought to say something concerning the manner that parents 
trained their children in those days. There were but few drones 
and loafers lounging around and doing nothing. 

The training of children was very strict. They were not 
allowed to swear or make use of any profane or unbecoming 
language, and one decisive answer would settle any question 
that might be asked. The boys were generally in the clearing 
from ^londav morning until Saturdav night, week in and 
week out, grubbing, chopping, splitting, hauling and laying 
up rails. This was their daily business; and the girls' tuition 
was in the kitchen. The girl that did not know how to cook, 
wash, iron, spin, weave, dress flax, cut and make any garment 
that the family had to wear, was not the girl that the young 
men were looking after. You would hear them talk that this 
or that girl could spin so many cuts a day, or weave so many 
yards of cloth, or dress so many pounds of flax per day, 
after doing up their morning's work. Such girls were said to 
1)0 worth their weight in gold to anv man that wanted a wife. 
It was the grit and get-up that was looked at, and not the old 
man's pocket-book, which I fear is the cause of so many 
unhappy marriages at the present day. You must not infer 



126 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

from the above that the old folks were idle. The old women 
would sit at their spinning wheels from morning till bed-time, 
spinning flax or tow to weave into cloth for our every- day 
and Sunday wear; and the old men would have to break out 
and dress the flax and get it ready for the hackel. I doubt 
whether there is one young man in twenty that would know a 
flax break if they were to meet one of them in the road, let 
alone knowing how to use one, and but few that would have 
any desire to do so if they could, and but few girls that w'ould 
know how to rig up a spinning wheel, or could spin one skein 
of sewing thread in six months. I would like some one of 
them to try their hand and bring it to the county fair and 
make a public exhibit of it. Probably I had better say no 
more, for fear you may get tired of my scribbling, though I 
have only hinted at a few things. 

I have not said anything as t(j myself. I stayed at home 
with my father till I was twenty-one years old, and helped 
him clear a large farm where the village of Big Spring is situ- 
ated. Then I began to think it was not best to start out in 
the world alone, so I concluded 1 would get some one to make 
the trip with me, and my affections had been set on one 
Margaret -L. Parr, daughter of William Parr, who was then 
living in the neighborhood and one of the early settlers. vShe 
was born in Tennessee, in 1831, and moved to this county in 
1833. So we agreed to cast our lots together through life, and 
were married on jSIarch 7, 1850, and have been living together 
thirty-seven years, raising a family of twelve children. 
There are eleven living; our oldest son died when twenty- 
eight vears old. AYe have seventeen grandchildren living and 
six are dead. My political and religious views might not suit 
everybody, but they are tlie best that I know anything about, 
according to the wav I have looked at thinoiifor the last fortv- 
five years. I si^ppose I was a Democrat when I was born, as 
my father and mother were. The first presidential canvass 
that I can recollect was between Jackson and Clay, in 1832, 
and I was a Jackson man when I was but f«ur years oid^ and 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 127 

I have not yet seen any good reasons for changing my opinion. 
My religious views are those of the old Regular Baptists. 
This, I know, don't suit everybody, but I can not help that. 
And it is of no use to add any more to this, as everybodv 
can not see alike. I served four years as justice of the peace, 
have lived in Marion Township for forty years. I shall add 
no more. 

COMMUNICATION FROM EMMA ELIZABETH 

MARVIN. 

The subject of this sketch Avas born in Wayne County, Ind., 
February 5, 1826 ; born and raised on a farm, only having 
the advantages of pioneer life, from which I wish to contrast 
the past with the present and let the present generation of 
children see the change. In the first place we had no 
.school system, therefore the consequences was three months of 
school for summer and three months for winter, all subscrip- 
tion. The school buildings w( re made of round logs schutched 
off and daubed with clav mortar. One end of the building 
was about one-third cut into to make way for the chimnev, 
which was made of sticks and clay; lighted by a window on 
each side; a slab, into which legs were put, for their seats; a 
broad board fastened to the wall for writing desks; the books 
were no two alike, so there was as many classes as books, ex- 
cepting the spelling classes, the big and little spelling as it 
was calkd. As time passed there was some improvement in 
the books, which made way for classing. The girls when ar- 
riving at the age of fifteen or sixteen concluded that their 
schooldays were about over, and their minds were directed in 
another direction, not to music or teaching school ; it was the 
big and little wheel, of which they spun their two hundred 
pounds of wool during the summer season; and I must say 
that those days were the happiest days of my life. But since 
time has passed and the improvements that have taken place 
reminds me of that old adage, " When ignorance is bliss it is 



128 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

folly to be wise." As we had nothing better w'e were perfect- 
ly happy, so our days glided along until we were grown up. 
In the year 1844, on the 1st dav of December, I was married 
to Henry M. Marvin, and on the morning of my nineteeth 
birthday we bade adieu to ihe parental roof and started out in 
the world to try the realities of life. We came to this place, 
where I have lived ever since, with the exception of two 
years. I have lived in the same door-yard for forty-two 
years, protected and guarded by our Heavenly Father, who 
knoweth all things and what is for our good, and finding we 
have realized the trials of our ups and downs. Up to the 
present time our family consists of nine children, only four 
living, the other Cive having gone to try the realities of an- 
other world. 

SOME EARLY EEMIXISCEXCFS TOLD BY A 
PIONEER IX LEBAXOX. 

In the year 1S34 my husband, William Zion, and I came 
to Lebanon and settled in the wilderness among wolves, squir- 
rels, snakes and many other pests. Mr. Zion entered v»-hat is 
now the William Stephenson larm, cleared the timber off and 
built a cabin and a blacksmith shop, he being a blacksmith and 
wagon amker. Soon after we had got our shop built, a land 
speculator came along on his way from Cincinnati to Chicago ; 
when near our place he broke his carriage wheel, and did not 
know wdiere to go for repairs. Some one told him of Mr. Zion 
being a \vagon maker, and he came to our shop to get a new 
wheel made. My husband took a large oak rail from the fence 
to make a hub, and a smaller one for the spokes, and with the 
assistance of myself to turn the crank, on something similar 
to a grindstone, he fixed for the work and made him a new 
wheel, and the traveler went on his way, feeling relieved, as a 
breakdown in these swamps was a serious matter. 

Mr. A. H. I^ongley built the first house in Lebanon on the 
site vrhere Peters' dry goods store now is. Pie was the first 



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EMMA ELIZABETH MARVIN. 



Bf)ONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 129 

postmaster, and carried the mail in his hat, consequently the 
■office was not always in the same place. Abner H. Shepherd 
came to Lebanon in 1S36, and the following year, at the age 
of fourteen years, carried the mail from Indianapolis to Lafay- 
ette, by the way of Piketown, Royaltou, Lebanon, Thorntown, 
Frankfort, Jefferson, Prairieville, Iluntsville and Dayton. He 
rode on horseback through the wilderness and mud, with noth- 
ing to guide him but the blazed road where the trees were 
chipped on one side to show the way to go.; Mr. Zion was the 
contractor on this route. James Hichey, the father of J. E 
Eichey, was the first tailor in the town, and for several years 
out and made the garments of our earlier inhabitants. John 
Peterson erected his cabin on the ground where Brown's opera 
house now stands and engaged in the tavern business. AVil- 
liam Smith, familiarly known as "Uncle Billy,'' had a cabin 
where the Rose House now is. He was a " tavern keeper," 
too, but carried his more extensively by selling liquor. It was 
no uncommon thing to see hunters, with their dogs and guns, 
come in on Sabbath day and go in and get a drink. But I am 
glad to say he afterwards joined the M. E. Church and lived 
a christian life. One of the miracles of his conversion was 
that he could neither read nor write until "wisdom from on 
higli " taught him, and he soon learned to read the bible and 
had a good understanding of the same. David Hoover Avas 
the first clerk of the court, and v»-as also recorder, holding both 
offices at the same time, and was not always kept employed. 
He was not troubled with parties running after him for depu- 
tyships. John Forsythe was selling dry goods on the lot 
known as " Zion's Corner," south of the square, and in 1855 
William Zion bought him out, and continued in business until 
1862. The iirst court house stood north of the square, court 
being held twice a year, lasting three days. Jacob Tipton, of 
Jamestown, was the first elected sheriff of the county, and was 
succeeded by William Zion, who held the office four years. I 
sometimes acted as turnkey, and one night at the late hour of 
9 



130 EARLY LIFE AND tJMES IN 

12 o'clock^ wont to the jail and let a relative of one of the pl•i:^- 
oncrs out. Colonel Hooker was the first attorney and oountv 
surveyor. Dr. McCnnneha was the first ))ractieing physician 
who located here. Before his coming people had to go to Thuni- 
town for a doctor. Even before his arrival sometimes an un- 
dertaker was needed. Calomel was the cure for all things 
those times, and in one case it was a kill. A woman who had 
come here from Kentucky, did not feel well, but was able to 
do her house work; she went to a doctor and he prescribed 
calomel as being the thing to climate a person coming from 
another state, but the dose proved fatal. 

The first church organized was the Methodist Episcopal, ii: 
the winter of 1835-6, with a membership of seven, as follows: 
yjosiah Lane and wife, Addison Lane and wife, Amelia Zion, 
Rebecca Bradshaw and Steven Sims. The oro-anization took 
place in the log court house. Rev. Thompson, of Crawfords- 
ville, being the minister. But previous to this, a man by the 
name of Mills was sent out to this uncivilized country to 
preach to the heathens as a missionary. The New School 
Presbyterian was the second organization, with Rev. Bird as 
pastor. Soon after this. Rev. Ferguson, of Thorntown, organ- 
ized the Old School Presbyterian Church. The Christian 
Church was organized in 1838, at the house of James McCann. 
on Main street, with Gilbert F. Harney as pastor, Jame- 
McCann and wife, John Shulse and wife, Zachariah Pauhy 
and wife, Jane Forsythe and Susan Dale members. Elizabeth 
• Shulse is the only one of the charter members now living. 
This organization held meetings in the court house for awhile 
• and then commenced to build a church on west Main streit. 
The roof was on but no weather boarding, when one win<ly 
night the whole roof was blown off. Not being satisfied with 
the location, as it was on a street, they soon bought mun 
ground whore J. C. Brown's residence now stands, and built a 
iiouse on the commons, where nothing would disturb them \>v.i 
the frogs, as there was a pond full of these musicians close by- 
This building was afterwards sold to the Catholics and mo%e<i 



B()')VK COUNTY, INDIANA. 131 

on Indianapolis avenue, where it was repaired and called (he 
St. Charles Catholic Church. It stands there and is occupied 
by that denomination at this time. The Baptists had ])reach- 
ing for several years before they organized. The United 
Presbyterians had an organization for some time and held their 
meetings in the court house. The Christian Union also had 
a few members and held their meetings in the old Methodist 
Episcopal Church. 

The first school teacher was a ]Mr. Kimble, who taught in 
the court house. The first school house was the ''Seminary," 
now the Pleasant Grove House, where many of our middle- 
aged men and women received their common education. W. 
F. W. C. Ensminger taught manv vears and was considered 
the best instructor we had ever had. Spelling was the one 
principal study, as the whole school would have to spell at the 
same time, and a prize was given for the best speller. Joseph 
Lewis, then a young man, and Mary Zion, eleven years of 
age, were the closing contestants, the latter carrying off the 
prize, a book of "Payne's Poems." The seminary was after- 
wards converted into a residence, Dr. Perkins living in it for 
several years, Chauncy King then bought it and commenced 
the hotel business, continuing the same until his death. Mrs. 
Bray, then his widow, is yet successfully carrying on the 
i)usiness. 

People had to go two miles below the Quaker Church at 
Thorntown f^r their flour and meal, the amount of the former 
being limited, however. After some two years Mr. Longley 
and Col. Ilocker told the people if they would donate enough 
money to buy an engine and boiler they would build a "corn 
cracker." That was the first piece of machinery in the town, 
and it almost frightened the natives to death. When the steam 
was blown olf for the first time they ran for their water 
buckets to put out the fire. The mill was a great help to the 
people, as the roads to Thorntown were almost impassible in 
those days, and even the streets in this town were so the women 
had to wear boots or ride on horseback. We had then an 



132 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

-elegant residence called the "Steamboat." It stood where the 
Rat Smith property now is. It was oval shaped, standing 
• east and west as thpugh it was ready to start up street through 
the mud and water we had then. One time we had a concert 
in the court house and everybody must go. It rained and 
rained, but go we must. We got all the umbrellas (not many) 
we could find, and some of us appropriated our plaid gingham 
parasols. The night was as dark, the mud as deep and ib.e 
rain as copious as was ever known. On our way home I lost 
my parasol, but fortunately the next morning Wilson's boys 
looked up Main street, about opposite the Collier residence, 
■and there it stood stretched out over the street unharmed, 
except the part under mud. We had no sidewalks or ditches 
to carry off the water. 

Uncle Satumy Strong had the only tannery here for a num- 
ber of years, and he accumulated a handsome fortune at the 
business. Plis vats were where the elegant residence of ]SIrs. 
J. C. Daily now stands. 

The 12th of August, 1852, the first train of cars reached 
the depot. What a celebration ! Everybody and their children, 
old and young, were present. Some were frightened at the 
locomotive, and ran back and kept at what they thought would 
"be a safe distance. There was a big dinner free to everybody. 
Mr. Zion had a long table spread in our yard, with green 
bushes for a covering, and fed two hundred for dinner and 
supper. After the railroad was completed, ^Ir. Zion donate<i 
-to William Jenkins and Moses Hall, Sr., four acres of grou'i'l 
south of the railroad, on wh.ich to build a flour mill. In 18^0 
this mill was destroyed by fire. Amelia Zion. J 

December 18, 1885. 

ROADS AND BRIDGES. 

BY CHAS. F. S. Nf:AL, 

Thirty years ago it was not then known that anfficiont 
gravel could be found here to construct a systfeni of gravti 
roads in the county. In 1864 a company was organized to 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. V.i'S 

construct a gravel higliAvay from Thorntowu to Darlington, to 
connect and extend to Crawfordsville. This was the first 
gravel road enterprise in the county. It and the Rosston 
gravel road, on the old ^Michigan road, are the only toll col- 
lecting highways in the county. In the year 1857 the Leb- 
anon and Royalton and the Lebanon and Sugar Creek Gravel 
Road companies were organized. At first these two roads 
were toll collecting, but in the year 1884 were bought by the 
tax-payers living along them and turned over to the county 
as a part of the free gravel road system. Under the legislative 
act of 1877, petitions for free gravel roads were filed before 
the board of commissioners, at a called session held August 6, 
1879. The first road ordered constructed under this act was 
the Lebanon and New Brunswick, followed in quick succession 
by the Lebanon and Dover, Middle Jamestown, Lebanon and 
Noblesville, Thorntown and Bethel, Kirk's Mill and Sharon, 
Kirk's Mill south to Crawfordsville road, Lebanon and Thorn- 
town, east end Noblesville, EHzaville, eleven roads, which 
exhausted the limit allowed by law, the limit being one per 
centum of taxables of the county. In the construction of these 
roads gravel was found in sufficient quantities to build and 
maintain them with only one exception. The roads con- 
structed were highly satisfactory. The contractors on the 
Lebanon and EHzaville found materials of the poorest and in. 
smallest quantities. Bad as it was when completed, it is now 
by careful management as good as the best. Gravel road 
building was started anew by the bond limit being increased 
from one to one and a half percentum and the Thorntorn and 
Sharon and Whitestown's two roads, and Zionsville's two, the 
Lebanon and Fayette, Dover and Shannondale, Lebanon and 
Ladoga, Lebanon and Slabtown and Thorntown, Hazelriggand 
Lebanon roads were ordered constructed. At this time twenty- 
four free gravel roads have been built, aggregating 181 miles, 
costing §189,100. The first issue of bonds for this public im- 
provement was redeemed by the treasurer in February, 1880,. 
and from his report he has ample medns to redeem all that 



134 EAELY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

become due during the present and ensuing years. It will be 
seen that where gravel was considered so scarce, with many 
other seeming obstacles in the way, our roads have cost on an 
average of §1,181 per mile. Much of this can be attributed 
to the good management of our county board. Once con- 
structed, the keeping of so many miles of road in proper repair 
has been no small task. These roads are managed by the 
county commissioners as a board of free turnpike directors. 
They first organized as such July 15, 1881, being Xnthan 
Perrill, William Curry and James Coombs, with Charles L. 
Wheeler as clerk. This board meets quarterly. Each com- 
missioner has especial charge of all free pikes in his district, 
and each road has its superintendent of repairs. Once each 
year these superintendents meet with the turnpike board and 
receive orders for repairs for the year. The present board ot 
directors are W. C. Crump, Ben. C. Booher and Jacob S. 
Miller. The expenditures on account of repairs to the several 
roads in the county, to the present time aggregates §46,824.71, 
which includes the re-building of the Lebanon and Koyalton 
and Lebanon and Sugar Creek roads. Including the extensive 
repairs to the roads last named, our roads cost us near S60 per 
mile each year. 

The peculiar location of our county, being situated at or 
near the headwaters of numerous streams of central Indiana, 
makes the matter of bridging quite light to the tax-payers, 
compared to our neighboring counties. Singular as it seems, 
prior to 1870 only a few small bridges were erected, and these 
were only makeshifts compared with the handsome structures 
erected in the past ten years. As the county developed and 
products fast came marketable, good roads and easy carriage 
to market was demanded; and to have good roads with deej), 
dano-erous fords jrreatlv hindered at all seasons of the vear the 
carrying of loads such as our farmers now start to market 
with. Our county board soon recognized the necessity ot 
better crossings over the streams of the county. At the June; 
session of 1870, seven thousand dollars was appropriated to 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 135 

erect a 130-foot iron span bridge on stone work near Thorn- 
town, over Sugar Creek; also five thousand dollars to erect a 
similar structure over Eagle Creek at Zionsville, and four 
thousand dollars for one over Sugar Creek at Mechaniosburg. 
The erection of these three structures were all made out of 
general county revenue. For ten years our county fathers 
were content without further bridge accommodations. 

In 1881 the legislature authorized county boards to create 
a special bridge fund, and since that time a fifty-foot iron 
bridge, on stone work, has been erected in ]\Iarion Township 
over Eagle Creek. In Clinton Township two iron bridges 
have been erected, one over Mud Creek near Elizaville, fifty 
feet long, and one over the same stream near Hugh Wiley's, 
seventy-five feet long; Washington Township has a good 
bridge near the Bird, seventy-five feet long, and at the present 
time a 144-foot span on stone work is being erected over Sugar 
Creek at Crose's Mill. This structure, when completed, will 
be the largest, as also the most expensive, in the county. A 
bridge ninety feet long is also being erected over Brush Creek. 

Sugar Creek Township has two bridges, one north of 
Thorntown over Sugar Creek, and one east over Prairie Creek. 
Center Township has three good iron bridges, fifty feet long, 
all over Prairie Creek. Union Township has an eighty-foot 
iron bridge over Eagle Creek. Eagle Township has three 
iron bridges over Eagle Creek. Jackson Township has an 
eighty-foot span over Eel lliver and a fifty-foot span over 
Raccoon Creek. In all, eighteen good bridges in the county, 
fourteen of which are of wrought iron, costing in the aggre- 
gate §40,200. Large as this seems, many counties have ex- 
pended half the amount on one structure. As much more 
expended on good, substantial structures and Boone County 
will have the streams crossing her highways well bridged. 

In its native condition, a large portion of Boone County 
consisted of marshy lands, much of which during the wet seas- 
ons, was occupied and covered with extensive sloughs and 
lagoons of water. At an earlv day these lands were estimated 



136 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

to be of little value, as it was then thought that it was im- 
practicable to drain them. As the improvement of the county 
progressed, a partial and very imperfect system of ariitieial 
drainage was commenced in some localities. "Without giving 
the details of the early progress of drainage, we may state 
that up to the year 1879 much ditching had been done. Prob- 
ably as much as three hundred miles of large open ditches had 
been made, and more than six thousand miles of small, mostly 
covered, drainage had been made. Take the number of farms 
in the county and estimate an average quantity of ditching on 
each, and the highway ditching, and the above estimate will 
not appear to be too great, though the exact amount can not 
be given. Since 1879 it is probable that more drainage has 
been done than })rior to that date. Many of the open ditchts 
that had been cut prior to 1879 have been re-cut and much 
enlarged so as to increase their efficiency in the capacity of 
drainage; besides many new drains have been made, and 
many thousands of rods of covered tile drains have been put 
in, the exact quantity it is impossible to give, and yet there is 
no abatement in ditch improvements, but it is on the increase 
every year. Fresh impetus was given to drainage by the leg- 
islative act of 1881, which gave a new method of procedure 
by giving the circuit court law, under which James Xealis and 
George Stoltz were appointed Drainage Commissioners. They 
were succeeded by Thos. J. Shultz and S. F. Cox, and they in 
turn by I. S. Adney and Josepii Etter. During the first tit- 
teen months, beginning with September, 1881, forty-thrte 
large drains — about one hundred and seventy-five miles — were 
constructed. Since that time as many miles more have been 
constructed, until at the j)resent time as much as four-fifths Oi 
the large drains of the county are constructed. The construc- 
tion of so many large drains gave ample outlet to many deop 
])onds and sloughs that heretofore the imperfect outlets had 
failed to drain. One singular obstacle to the drainage of "ur 
county is that on most all of the ditches is a backbone, or high 
place; on these the beaver and muskrat built their dams. On 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 137 

the removal of these obstructions many thousand acrres became 
dry land. Not until 1883 were any provisions made to keep 
suoh valuable public improvements in repair, which now is 
placed in the hands of the county surveyor. The first large 
ditch in the county Mas constructed by Fordice & Dcvol, fol- 
lowed h^ Eel River, Sanitary Raccoon, Grassy Branch and 
many others. In proportion to the number of acres of v.et 
land originally, probably Perry Township is the best drained 
of any in the county, while Harrison has the largest number of 
main drains according to area. At this time, by estimate, 
there are near four hundred miles of open drains and seven 
thousand miles of underground ditching in the county. 

THE OLD-TIME SCHOOL MASTER. 

As early as 1720 the French traders had established a trad- 
ing post at Thorntown, being one of the system of posts 
extending from the valley of the St. Lawrence to that of the 
Lower Mississippi. In 1800, it is said, the town included 
thirty-six trading houses or stores, and was the home of a branch 
of the Miami Indians. The white population up to this time 
seems to have included only males, and no attempt was made to 
establish society or to found schools and churches. 

In 1828, when the Indians sold their reservation of Thorn- 
town to the Government, the entire population, French as well 
as Indian, abandoned the place and the new town of Thorn- 
town, laid out in 1830, was located upon the west or opposite 
side of Prairie Creek from the site of the old town. It may 
be said then that the first Anglo-Saxon settlement was that of 
the McCord brothers, v/ho settled east of the present site of 
Zionsville, in 1821. Other settlers came in each year and 
about 1826 the first school in the county was organized in an 
abandoned cabin on the east bank of Eagle Creek near the 
Marion County line and about one and a half miles south of 
the site of Zionsville. 

In 1832 a school house was built on the farm of William 



138 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

Beelar, in Eagle Township, and about the same time a log 
school house was built in the new town of Thorntown, and 
Jefferson Hillis was engaged as teacher at the latter point. 
These two were the first houses erected, built especially for 
school purposes, within the county. The same year the first 
school in Washington Township was taught by Daniel Eilis, 
in a deserted settler's cabin, on the south bank of Sugar Creek 
just a few rods south of the subsequent site of the Chase or 
Ben Crose mill. In this same winter of 1832, the first school 
in Marion Township was taught in a cabin on the farm of John 
Pan, just north of Big Springs. It was not till 1836 that the 
first public school house was built in Marion Township, being 
situated upon the farm of John Wright, not far from the pres- 
■ent site of School Xo. 2. Within these years, from 1832 to 
1837, private schools were carried on in all the new settlements. 
In Jefferson and Union townships as early as 1833, and in the 
southwest part of Jackson Township in 1835, schools had been 
established, and rudimentary instruction was given pupils who 
•came through the tangled forests and swampy by-ways to gain 
what knowledge was then opened to them. All of the schools 
in the county were at this time carried on by subscription on 
the settlers who, from their scanty means cheerfully gave, and, 
each in turn, boanled the teacher for the sake of giving their 
■children a measure of j)reparation for the wider range of duties 
to devolve upon them with the development of the country. 
In 1835 the first school in Clinton Township had been 
established in a deserted cabin in the Mud Creek settlement, 
northwest of Elizaville, with J. H. Sample as teacher. The 
following year witnessed the first school in Perry Township, 
being in a cabin in the northwestern part of the township. In 
the year 1837 the first school in Worth Township, and prob- 
ably the first free school in the county, was taught in a cabin 
on the farm of James McCord, the teacher being Henry Lucas, 
and the teacher being paid by the county. In the autumn of 
this same year a subscription school of two or three months 
duration was taujrht bv Pleasant Crawford in Harrison Town- 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 139 

ship. This was the first school taught in that township. From 
this time on the growth of the schools in the county kept pace 
with that of the population. In 1824 the legislature had 
enacted a law to establish school houses, of which two provis- 
ions were as follows : 

Sec. 6. Each able-bodied male person of the age of twenty-one or 
upwards, being freeholder or householder, residing in the district, shall !)e 
liable equally to work one day in each week until such building mav be 
completed, or pay the sum of thirty seven and one-half cents for every day 
he may so fail to work, and provided, morever, that the said trustees shall 
always be bound to receive at cash price, in lieu of any such labor or monev 
as aforesaid, any plank, nails, glass, or other materials which may be needed 
about such building. 

Sec. 7. That in all such cases such school house shall be eight feet 
between the floors, and at least one foot from the surface of the ground to 
the firsc floor, and finished in a manner calculated to render comfortable 
the teacher, pupils, etc. 

Under this law school houses were rapidly constructed all 
over the state, the great majority of such houses being built 
of hewed logs with puncheon floors and capacious fireplace^ 
and chimneys. The seat- were without backs; the writing 
desk or table was made of puncheons re-ting upon wooden 
pins driven into the walls and extending along two or thivo 
sides of the room. The teacher's whips were laid upon two 
long pins above the teacher's desk. The public schools under 
the old con.-titution depended entirely upon the income from 
the congressional fund, no tuition tax being provided for l)v 
law. From eight to twelve weeks usually exhausted the pub- 
lic money. In a majority of cases the term was extended 
several weeks by subscription upon the part of the patrons of 
the district. The early teachers were generallv Yankee, Irish, 
or Scotch, with an occasional Quaker from Xorth Carolina. 
For a long time there were no public examinations to deter- 
mine the fitness of teachers other than the local school direct- 
ors and the patrons at large. An indisj)ensible recpiisite was 
the ability and disposition to make a vigorous use of the 
beech and hazel rods that lay above the teacher's desk. Add 



140 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES TX 

to this the ability to do "the sum"Iin Pike's Arithmetic 
through "Tare and Tret," to spell through the old Element- 
ary and to read loud and rapidly and he was fully equipped 
for his manifold duties! Most of the teachers uniformly 
"skipped the fractions" in arithmetic. It is related that one 
or two of the earlier teachers in the county attempted to teach 
the spherical shape of the earth, and even asserted that it was 
as cold at the south pole as at the north pole! For these 
ignorant and blasphemous teachings more than one pioneer 
teacher was promptly dismissed. Their notions of geography 
were not orthodox, for how couhi the earth iiave "four cor- 
ners" if these things ■were true? But a better class of teach- 
ers soon came into the new county from New England, the 
Middle States and Kentucky. Many men who have since led 
their profe-sion in our state, came into the state as pioneer 
teachers from 1835 to 1850. The county seminaries, designed 
as stepping-stones from the district school to the State Uni- 
versity, were being rapidly established in the different county 
seats of the state, and about 1840 the old Boone County Sem- 
inary was begun on the east side of Lebanon. The building 
was finished in 1843, and that autumn the first school within 
it was taught by Stephen Neal, Esq., who is still a resident of 
Lebanon. Mr. Neal was succeeded in 1844 by John M. Pat- 
ton, late cashier of the Thorntown national bank. The county 
seminary continued to flourish during a ])eriod of ten years, 
until the adoption of the new constitution in 1852, when, like 
most of the seminaries in the state, it was sold at public sale. 
It brought the county school fund the sum of §900, and was 
converted into a hotel or boarding house, for which it is still 
used,- known as the Pleasant Grove, or Bray House. 

Among other early teachers of Boone County we may men- 
tion a Mr. Schenck, a German, who taught the second school 
in Perry Townshij) in 1837; Mr. W. L. McCormick, who 
first taught in the county in 1842, teaching a public school in 
an old log house a mile and a half east of New Brunswick, in 
Harrison Township. Since that time Mr. McCormick has. 



BOONE COUN'IY, INDIANA. 141 

with the exception of one or two winters, taught every year, 
keeping pace with the rapid advancement of the school sys- 
tem. For many years he has kept his place as the oldest 
teacher in the county. Among the early teachers at Thorn- 
town were numbered liufus A. Lockwood, afterward famous as 
3. brilliant and eccentric lawyer, the winner of the tamous 
Mariposa gold mine suit in California, and who went down in 
the Atlantic with the ill-fated Central America, and Rev. 
Bird, a Presbyterian minister, who established a school at 
Thorntown about 1840, which attracted many pupils; Andrew 
J. Boone, Joseph Sample, Isaac and Robert Carmack, Rev. 
Philander Anderson, David Burns and others became widely 
known over the county as teachers within the two decades 
from 1840 to 1850. In 1855 the Thorntown Academy was 
■established under the charge of the Northwest M. E. Confer- 
ence. Among its principals may be cited Rev. Tarr, Hon. O. 
H. Smith, Republican candidate for Superintendent, in 1878 ; 
Prof. J. C. Ridpath, the historian and literateur; Prof. Sims, 
now Chancellor of Syracuse University, Xew York ; Profs. 
Osborn, Rouse and others who have been widely known as 
educational workers. This school flourished for about seven- 
teen years, at the end of which time it was sold and converted 
into a public high school. In 1860 the Presbyterian Church 
began the erection of an academy in Lebanon. The first school 
was taught in the new building in 1862, under the charge of 
Prof. Xaylor. The school continued to prosper for some ten 
years when it was sold to the town and converted into a public 
high school, for which purpose it is still used. Upon the 
conversion of the academy into a public school the three dis- 
trict schools, which had long been maintained in Lebanon, 
were abolished. The meagerness of the county school records 
-afford but few statistics of the steady progress of the public 
schools; but each year the enumeration and enrollment in- 
creased and the facilities of every kind were extended. But 
two or three isolated school ma'ams had been known in the 
•county previous to the breaking out of the civil war; and it 



142 EABLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

seemed to have been a matter of general astonishment whei^ 
the necessary employment of women proved that in many 
cases, at least, the school ma'am could surpass the school- 
master in tiie efficiency of her work and the beneficence of her 
influence. For the year 188G-87 there are employed in tht 
schools of Boone County fifty-four female and lOG malt- 
teachers. 

Until a few years ago there was still in use, near the Har- 
rison and Perry Township line, an old-time log school house, 
known popularly as ''Cornbread College." In fact, it still 
stands, and is used as a wood house for No. 9, Harrison Town- 
ship. This was the last of tlie old-time log school houses with 
its two logs cut out for windows, its puncheon floor and mon- 
ster chimney. From hewed log to frame, and from frame to 
brick has been the transition. There are now in Boone 
County 135 school buildings, of which thirty-six are frame 
and ninety-nine brick. The total value of l)uiidings and 
furnishings exceeds $200,000. 

Of the town school buildings, that of Jamestown was 
erected in 1873, at a cost of $12,000. It is a very spacious 
and well-located building. That of Zionsville was erected 
soon afttrwards and is a handsome edifice, and its site, upon 
an eminence at the west side of town, is unsurpassed in the 
state. In 1883 the Thorntown High School was erected, at a 
cost of about $15,000. It is probably the best school building 
possessed by a town of the size of Thorntown in the state. It 
is commodious in its arrangement and beautiful in its propor- 
tions and its finish. Within the past year the city of Lebanon 
has built a neat ward school building, and it is the expectation 
that a new high school building that will honor the county 
seat will be erected in the near future. Certain it is, that no 
railway or other enterprise can ever bring to a town the pros- 
perity and development that such a school must insure. 

There were enumerated in Boone County in the year of 
1886, a school population of 7,980, of which number 5,098 
were males and 4,862 females. Of this number about 7,700 



BOONE COUXTY, INDIANA. 14.^ 

are enrolled as pupils in the public schools, with an average 
daily attendance of about 5,000. The total school revenues 
of the county for the years 1885-86 were $99,882.15, of which 
$65,732.81 was special school revenue. 

The length of the schools have, within the past few years^ 
varied widely in the different town:<hips, ranging from eight 
months in Sugar Creek to four months in Perry 

The school and township libraries of the county number 
1,500 volumes. The apparatus for purposes of illustration is 
valued at §5,200. 

A uniform course of study, divided into five grades, is fol- 
lowed in all the schools of the county, and notwithstanding 
the many drawbacks of irregular attendance, insufficient sup- 
ply of text-books, inditference of parents, etc., rapid progress 
is making toward such a system of classification and work as 
will secure, it is hoped, the best idtimate results, and enable 
pupils moving from one school to another to pursue their 
studies without the loss of time or change of work. 

The common schools are the people's colleges, and looking 
back over the progress of the half century past, and then to 
the unlimited possibilities of the future, it is easy to believe 
that the fondest dreams of their founders will be more than 
realized. 

POEM BY JOHN LOWE. 

In rambling o'er the hilltops late, 

Where once I used to roam, 
So changed from their former state, 

A lonely feeling o'er me came. 

But sixtv years and more have past, 

Since those early scenes were met ; 
Though slow in youth the years have past,. 

In age soon each year is met. 

The scenes so dear to me in youtb 

Now lie in' sad decay; 
I scarcely realize the truth, 

That has passed so quick away. 



144 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

The woodman's ax has done its «'ork, 
The forest has been removed ; 

Where savage Indians, so unbeloved, 
Held their dances where we men work. 

Made ready for the husbandman, 

The fertile soil to cultivate 
The clioice iiroJiicts of the land, 

To increase his good estate. 

The bears and panthers, wolves and deer, 

Unmoltsted used to roam 
The wiidwood which in days of yore. 

They no more dare to come. 

Wild turkeys, deer, and raccoons, too, 

"Were plenty in those days; 
They fed where they chose to go, 

And frolicked in their plays. 

But now the place so free to them. 
No longer gives them room; * 

And all who 'scape the eyes of man. 
Have found another home. 

Days, weeks, montl s and years have passed, 

In the long, long time Pgo ; 
The time so slow yet swift has passed. 

Since four and sixty years ago. 

Though sixty years and more have passed. 
Since first those scenes I roamed ; 

In memory dear, from first to last, 
My youth has been just now renewed. 

Some of the scenes alone have sadness brought. 
That memory now by time records ; 

Of scenes more recently have passed. 
Some comfort yet at times atlbrds. 

My span of life is almost done, 

When counted by the score; 
Three score and ten is not enough, 

You must add yet four years more. 

JLebanon, Ind., March 3, 1887. 












m 







\ ' 



^ 






JOSf:PH S. HARRISON. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 145 



THE OLD PIONEERS. 

BY H. T. COTTON. 

Oh, I love to read the story 

Of the grand old pioneer, 
Living in his little cabin 

On the wild, wierd frontier. 

Far away from native homestead 
By childhood's memories blest, 

"When this goodly land of ours 
"Was a wilderness, out west. 

Oh, I fancy now I see him 

Sitting in his cabin door, 
In the shadows of the evening, 

When the hard day's work is o'er. 

In the forest dark and gloomy. 
Clustering all around his home, 

Undergrown with briars and bushes 
Where the bear and panther roam. 

And the prowling wolf in shyness, 
For the darkness lies in wait, 

Whilst he sits alone in silence, 
Dreaming of his native state. 

All unconscious of (he darkness. 
And the dangers lurking nigh. 

Until wakened from his musings 
By the panther's fearful cry ; 

Borne upon the night winds chilly, 
Heard above the rustling leaves. 

Then he blinds the liltle windows. 
Just beneath the clapboard eaves. 

Piles the rough wood in the corner, 
On the heavy puncheon floor. 

Draws the string in through the latchet, 
Fastens well the oaken door. 



10 



146 EARLY LIFE AXD TIMES. 

Wife and children all around him, 
Sleeps he 'til the morning sun, 

Safe as any king in palace, 

With his faithful dog and gun. 

Honest hands by toiling hardened, 
Honest hearts that knew no fears. 

Oh, I love to hear the story 
Of the grand old pioneers. 
Zionsiille, Februai-y 9, 1SS7. 



DEDICATED TO THE BOYS WHO CROSSED THE 
PLAINS WITH ME IX 1852. 

BY SAMUEL HARDEN. 

The following are the names of the company who left Eagle 
Village for California, March 15, 1852: Marion Patterson, 
James Duzan, George Harden, Henry French, James N. Lee^ 
Isaac Cotton and Samuel Harden. 

Comrades, it is growing late, tis camping time, 
Here let us rest on the ban! s of this stream ; 
Yonder is a spring, and wood to light our fire by ; 
Green pastures on every hand to rest our jaded team. 

Yes, let us gather 'round the fire once again ; 
For we must be nearing our journey's end ; 
The plains are past, the mountains are in view. 
The slope beyond where sky and water blend. 

How like life the overland journey seems 
The plains the morning, ere the noon begins; 
The mountains gained, snow-capped we find 
Jrlorning past, the evening tide appears. 

Comrades, our journey o'er the plains is nearly done^ 
The golden shore lies just beyond ; 
Our fire is burning low — another day begun ; 
We may reach there ere night comes on, 
Lebanon, May, 1SS7. 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



BOONE COUNTY AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. 

At thi^ day and age of the world a county without an agri- 
cultural society would be like a wagon without wheels. So 
the citizens thought thirty-five years ago, and about that time 
(1853) took steps looking to an organization. Most of the 
time since there has been more or less interest manifest in this 
direction. There have been times when the life of such an 
organization might have been debatable; but if such a time 
ever did exist, it has passed away forever, if one might judge 
from visiting the fair of 188G. It is now a hearty^ live, big, 
well-conducted society. The past few years — say since 1868 — 
the society have added to their grounds, half mile north of the 
city, from time to time, ample space and erected suitable build- 
ings to make it one of the most desirable in the state. The 
Lebanon fair is now a " household word" in the county, the 
pride of all classes of people — the farmer, the mechanic, the 
merchant and all — a fixed institution that we could illy do 
without. The rapid progress we have made as a county, in 
the way of products and stock improvements has sprung par- 
tially from an impetus given by this society, brought about by 
that laudable strife, "Who shall best produce?" Among 
those active in the first organization, we find H. G. Hazlerigg, 
A. J. Boone, Levi Lane, William Zion, L. C. Daugherty, John 
Higgins, Thomas R. Cobb, J. M. Ball, Samuel S. 'Heath, 
Jesse Neif, Adolphus Wysong, T. J. Cason, William C. Kise 
and Jacob Kernodle. 



y 



148 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

The receipts annually are enough to pay all current expenses 
and sufficient left to pay the stockholders a handsome divi- 
dend. 

[ From the Pioneer, November, 1SS6.] , 

The stockholders of the Boone County Stock Agricultural 
Society met in annual session in the Circuit Court room on 
Saturday last. The meeting was called to order by President 
J. M. Ball, when, on motion of S. L. Cason, John Higgins 
was elected chairman. Treasurer B. F. Coombs submitted 
the following report of receipts and exjjenditures for the year 
1886: 

RECEIFTS. 

Received from former treasurer $188 04 

Gate money 3,505 99 

Stands and shows 556 30 

Stall rent 215 50 

Amphitheater 133 60 

Entry fees 30 00 

Insurance on old floral hall 295 50 

Proceeds of note 600 00 

Rents by John Adair 13 10 

Total $5,536 76 

EXPENDITURES. 

Premiums and expenses $5,275 03 

Balance on hand 261 73 

Total §5,536 76 

Secretary John "W. Ivise submitted a report of the money 
passing through his hands, as follows : 

RECEIPTS. 

May 1,1886. Cash from treasurer $10 00 

Aug. 2,1886. Cash from treasurer 8 fO 

Aug.19,1886. Cash received at fair 30 00 

Total $48 00 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 149 

EXPENDITORES. 

Postage, wrappers, etc $11 21 

Advertising 10 25 

Draying 75 

Cash paid treasurer 30 00 

Total $52 21 

Balance due secretary 3 71 

The secretary submitted verbal report of insurance now on 
the society's buildings, and the president made report of pur- 
chase of grounds, improvements, etc. 

The certificate of the secretary of the State Board of Agri- 
culture was submitted, showing that our society had been 
properly represented at the annual meeting of that board, 
and that the secretary had made all necessary reports to the 
state board. This concluded the forenoon session. 

At 1 p. ii. the society convened and proceeded to the elec- 
tion of officers and directors, as follows : 

OFFICERS. 

John M. Ball, president. E. G. Darnall, secretary. 

Riley Colgrove, vice-president. T. R. Cobb, superintendent. 

S. Jj. Cason, treasurer. 

DIRECTOES. 

C. C. Padgett, Marion. W. H. Dooley, Union. 

William Brenton, Clinton. Jacob Jones, Eagle. 

John Higgins, Washington. John B. Witt, Perry. 

Joseph A. Campbell, Sugar Creek. S. L. Lane, Harrison. 

W. B. Taylor, Jefferson. R. C. McCann, Jackson. 

S. S. Heath and Jas. Nealis, Center. Benjamin Booher, Worth. 

The society voted that the Executive Committee be selected 
by the board of directors. 

The railroad fare of John Higgins to attend the meeting 
of the State Board of Agriculture wai ordered paid by the 
society. On motion, the directors were authorized to appoint 
the committee on revision of premium list for 1887, after 
which the stockholders' meeting adjourned. 



^50 eakly life and times ix 

directors' meeting. 

The board of directors-elect met immediately upon the 
adjournment of .the .stockholders' meeting, and, on motion, 
appointed the following committee on revision of premium 
list: J. M. Ball, John Higgins, James Nealis and E. C. 
McCann. The board selected as an exei^utive committee, 
Benjamin Booher. William Brenton and S. S. Heath." 

COUNTY POOR FARM. 

Somewhere in the Bible we find : " The poor ye always 
have with you." This was true then, it is true now, and will 
doubtless continue to the end of time. Since this is a settled 
fact, how important it is that there has been for yeai'S an asy- 
lum forthe poorand indigent throughout our country. Boone 
County has not been behind other parts of the state in mak- 
ing a move in this direction, for as early as 1854 a move was 
made in selecting a piece of ground one and one-half miles 
southeast of Lebanon, and soon thereafter built suitable and 
commodious buildino;s thereon for the accommodation and care 
of this unfortunate class of people. And at this writing 
( 1887) the county has as well ordered a home for the poor as 
her sister counties. The farm is now in charge of W. H. 
Shoemaker, and has been for several years, to the general sat- 
isfacti.' n of the people of the county. Previous to Mr. Shoe- 
make; taking the farm, it was in charge of Washington 
Howaid. There are at this writing, 1886, about sixty inmates. 

PROBATE COURT. 

The Probate Court was first held at the house of David 

'Hoover, November 4, 1830. It was held there until 1833, 

when it was held at the house of A. H. Longly, at Lebanon. 

The following p<;r.sons have served as judges: Wm. Rodman, 

Cornelius Westfall, Samuel McLean, Joseph S. Backels, Wm. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 151 

McDaniel; J. H. Rose and James A. Thompson. lu 1852 
the court was abolished. 



THE com:mon pleas court 

Was organized in 1852. The following have served as 
judges: L. C. Daugherty, John Coburn. Chas. A. Ray, Solo- 
mon Blair, Thos. J. Cason and T. H. Palmer, who 
held the office uutil 1873, when the court was abolished 
and all the business transferred to the Circuit Court. The fol- 
lowing attorneys have practiced as prosecutors before this 
court from 1852 to 1873: A. V. Austin, Michael D. ^yhite, 
Henry Shannon, O. S. Hamilton, C. C. Galvin, D. H. Hamil- 
ton, John Morgan, John C. Budkin, W. W. "Wollen, Samuel 
W. Doyle, James V. Kent, G. H. Goodwin. Some of the 
above were non-residents of the county, at which time Boone 
was attached to other adjoining counties for judicial purposes. 

CIRCUIT COURT. 

The first term was held at the house of John Galvin, in 
Jamestown, April 19, 1832. The next term was held at the 
house of Cornelius AVestfall, in Thorntown, October, 1832. 
In 1833 it was held at the house of A. H. Longly, in Lebanon, 
and in 1834 it was held in the log court house. The follow- 
ing have served as judges of the Circuit Court:. B. F. Mor- 
ris, W. ^y. Wick, F. M. Finch, W. J. Peasly, Isaac Xaylor, 
W. P. Bryant, John M. Cowan, Thos. F. Davidson, T. H. 
Palmer and Thos. J. Terhune. The following have served as 
associate judges until 1852, when that office was discontinued: 
AVm. Kenworthy, Samuel Cason, Jacob Johns, Samuel Dooley 
and Nash L. Pitzer. 



152 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 



STATE SENATORS. 



The followiug persons have served in the state senate : 
Lewis Jesup, Hamilton, Clinton and Boone; Lewis Masters, 
Hamilton, Clinton and Boone ; Biekwell Cole, who resided in 
Hamilton County and represented that county and Boone 
jointly; Jacob Angle represented Hamilton and Boone coun- 
ties, Mark A. Duzan resided in Boone, represented Boone and 
Hamilton counties, W. AV. Conner, of Hamilton County, rep- 
resented Boone, Hamilton and Tipton counties, W. Garver 
represented Boone, Hamilton and Tipton counties, Xewton 
Jackson represented Boone, Hamilton and Tipton counties, 
John Green represented Boone, Hamilton and Tipton coun- 
ties, Solomon Blair resided in Hendricks County and repre- 
sented Hendricks and Boone counties, Thos. J. Cason repre- 
sented Hendricks and Boone counties, Thos. M. Hamilton 
represented Boone and Clinton counties, A. J. Boone resided 
in Boone County and represented Boone and Clinton counties, 
Jas. V. Kent resided in Clinton County and represented 
Boone and Clinton counties, H. M. Marvin also represented 
Boone and Clinton counties, D. C. Bryant resided in Clinton 
County and represented Boone and Clinton counties. 



COUNTY SHERIFFS. 

The following persons have served as sheriffs: Austin 
Davenport, Jacob Tipton, Wra. Zion, John S. Forsythe, Sam- "^ 
uel Daily, Fielding Utterback, Wm. Staton, John Hazlette, 
A. W. Larimore, J. H. Rodman, Riley Colgrove, John Ken- 
worthy, L. B. Edwards, Wm. R. Simpkins, R. S. Camplin, 
Edward Reynolds, J. H. Spahr, M. C. Moore, I. T. Davis, 
Jacob S. Cobb and X. C. Titus, elected November, 18S6. 



BOONE COU^'TY, INDIANA. lo3 

COUNTY RECORDERS. 

The following persons have served as recorders : James 
McCann, Thos. P. Miller, Sauford Peters, John Thomas, F. 
M. Davis, John W. Kise, Wm. F. Morgan, Sidney Pitzer, 
Reese Garrett, D. W. Campbell, and F. M. Moody, elected 
November, 1886. 

COUNTY SURA^EYORS. 

The following persons have served as County Snrveyors : 
Wm. Doolin, A. H. Longley, Jos. E. Hooker, H. Lapham, J. 
M. Burns, Jas. Mulligan, Henry Taylor, ^ym. E. Ensminger, 
Gaines Brock, T. W. Huckstep, C. F. S. Neal, M. F. Orear, 
and A. K. Warren, elected November, 1886. 

COUNTY TREASURERS. 

The following have served as County Treasurers: J. T. 
McLaughlin, John G. Nesbit, John C. Daily, A. H. Shepperd, 
David Kenworthy, F. M. Busby, John H. Dooly, S. S. Daily, 
W. D. Hudson, Geo. Norwood, Geo. Essex, Eli Smith, and 
J. H. Harrison, elected November, 1886. Prior to 1842 the 
sheriff' collected the tax, hence no treasurer is reported. Be- 
fore that time "coon skins" were legal tender. 

COUNTY CORONERS. 

The following have served as County Coroners : George 
Walker, R. Beard, Henry Deever, Michael \yitt., J. R. Law- 
rence, Wm. McLean, Adam Hendricks, Jas. Jackson, M. F. 
Jones, Geo. Coombs, Milroy Lane, Henry Hicks, J. A. Thomp- 
son, J. M. Adkius, Ratliff Baird, R. A. Williamson, E. W. 
Hilligoss, J. L. Garrison, Dr. Coons, and Thos. E. Bounel, 
elected November, 1886. 



154 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 



COUNTY CLERKS. 



The following have served as County Clerks : David 
Hoover, S. S. Brown, John Crisraan, Levi Lane, W. C. Kise, 
S. A. Lee, A. O. Miller, Jesse Neff, L. M. Cox, George Hau- 
ser, Israel Curry, and Dr. Jesse Reagan, elected November, 
1886, who has not yet taken his office (1887). 

COUNTY AUDITORS. 

The following have served as County Auditors: A. G. 
Boone, S. A. Gilmore, Jas. A. Nunn, Jos. B. Pitzer, A. C. 
Daily, R. W. Matthews, John M. Ball, J. W. Hedges, T. B. 
AVillianjson, and J. H. Perkins, elected November, 1886. At 
this writing Mr. Perkins has not taken his office. 

COUNTY REPRESENTATIVES. 

Austin Davenport, Robert Haman, represented Boone and 
Hamilton counties; A. H. Longly, Jos. E. Hocker, J. H. 
Nelson, John Crisraan, J. H'. Rose, Benj. Boone, John Duzan, 
H. G. Hazlerigg, Stephen Neal, Hiram Blackstone, L. C. 
Daugherty, Henry M. Marvin, Wm. Staton, W. B. Beach, W. 
P. Jones, V. M. Goodwin, N. Landers, Ed. D. Herod, Clark 
Devol, O. S. Hamilton, Nelson Fordice, T. J. Cason, Sherman 
Hostetter, F. M. Stringer, J. F. Burns, who represented 
Boone and Hendricks; A. E. Goodwin, B. F. Thomas, of 
Hendricks, represented Boone also ; John Higgins represented 
Boone and Clinton counties; W. J. Devol, C. S. Wesner, 
M. L. Martin, John Chowner, Jos. Davis, H. D. Sterrett, Jas. 
B. Dab, and Jas. H. Kelly, elected November, 1886. 

COUNTY COMMISSIONERS. 

The following have served as County Commissioners: 
Frederick Lowe, J. M. Hurt, Jas. Van Eaton, ^Stephen Crane, 
tV^. M. Buroughs, Noah Chiiwood, Wm. Thompson, Solomon 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 105 

Beck, Wm. Staton, J. A. Potts, F. C. Galspie, Samuel H. 
Schenck, Stephen Gapen, Levi Lane, Manson Head, I. L. 
Hickerson, A. Robinson, Geo. E. Conrad, Wm. Stephenson, 
Nathan Perrill, Jesse Jackson, Jas. Coombs, G. W. Campbell, 
Wm. Curry, Geo. Shomaker, W. C. Smith, W. C. Crump, B. 
C. Booher, Jas. L. Taylor, and Jacob S. Miller. 

PROSECUTING ATTORNEYS (CIRCUIT COURT). 

The following have practiced at the Boone County Bar as 
Prosecuting Attorneys from first to the present time. During 
part of the time the county has been connected with several 
other counties, and only a portion of the following ever lived 
in the county ; but for the past few years Boone has been a 
district of itstdf, and the prosecutors have been residents of 
the county : Milton Gregg, William Herod, William Quarles, 
Joseph E. Hocker, W^illiam J. Prisley, Hugh O'Neal, W. J. 
Brown, A. A. Hammond, Josiah Mattock, W. B. Beach, J. 
Lander, A. J. Boone, William Wallace, D. S. Gooding, Isaac 
Naylor, D. W^. Yorhees, O. S. Hamilton, Henry Shannon, T. 
N. Rice, R. W. Harrison, Samuel F. V/ood, B. F. Pierce, G. 
H. Goodwin, AY. B. Wall.^, Henry C. Wills, Wm. R. Moore, 
Frank Charlton, Bart. S. FL'ggins, C. M. Winecup, elected- 
November, 1886; has not at this writing taken his office ('87). 

COURT HOUSES. 

The first court house built in Lebanon was a hewed log 
structure. It stood immediately north of the public square 
and just west of the jail. It was built in 1835. 

The second one was of brick, built the year 1839 or 1840. 
It stood where the present house now stands. It was a tvv'o- 
story structure and served well its day, when it was taken down 
in 1855, as it was not considered safe longer to occupy it. It 
cost some four thousand dollars. After it was taken down. 



156 . EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

the records were taken to a building on the northwest corner 
of Main and Lebanon streets, where they were mostly destroyed 
by fire November 26, 1856. In the meantime the present 
house was commenced in 1855 and finished 1857. It is yet 
standing and speaks for itself. It cost near forty thousand 
dollars, and for the time and will be for years ample for the 
county business. The next one we Avill let some one else write 
about in the " sweet by and by." 

ATTORNEYS PAST AND PRESENT OF LEBANON, 

INDIANA. 

BY STEPHEN NEAL. 

The following is a list of resident lawyers at Lebanon from 
the year 1843 to 1852 : Jacob Angle, Joseph E. Hooker, Silas 
Wright, A. J. Boone, Stephen Neal, T. J. Cason, J. C. Hague, 
L. C. Dougherty and W. B. Beach. Of these, Jacob Angle 
emigrated to the state of Illinois in 1856, and died about fif- 
teen years past ; Joseph E. Hocker moved to the state of Kan- 
sas in the year 1853, and died about two years past at Seneca, 
Kan. ; S. Wright moved to the southern part of Indiana in 
the year 1815 ; A. J. Boone departed this life at his home near 
Lebanon, July 12, 1875; L. C. Dougherty continued to reside 
in Lebanon until he died, about October 29, 1876 ; William 
B. Beach is now a resident of Providence, R. I.; J. C. Hague 
is now residing on his farm near Thorntown ; Stephen Neal 
and T. J. Cason both are yet residents in the city of Lebanon. 

During said period of time, from 1813 to 1852, a few other 
attorneys were located in Lebanon for a short time. During 
those years, Hiram Brown, William Quarles, Hugh O'Neal, A. 
A.. Hammond and Jacob Landis, of Indianapolis, were regular 
attendants of the circuit courts of this county. 

From the year 1852 to 1886, the resident lawyers at Leba- 
non have been, T. J. Cason, A. J. Boone, R. W. Harrison, T. 
H. Lockhart, J. W. Clements, T. J. Terhune, C. M. Zion, O. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 157 

P. Mahan, B. S. Higgins, C. S. Wesner, J. A. Abbott, I. M. 
Kelsey, M. C. WillsrC. M. Wynkoop, J. S. Pierce, Ste}ihen 
Neal, D. M. Burns, J. O. Pedigo and S. A. Falkner. All of 
these except Messrs. Boone and Clements are still residents of 
Lebanon. During said period several other attorneys have 
been located in the city and practiced law for short periods. 
Stephen Xeal is the oldest attorney in the county, having had 
nearly a half century's experience in the legal profession. 



SECRET ORDERS IN BOONE COUNTY. 

Below will be found a brief history of the different orders 
in the county, when located, names, etc. We would be glad 
to give a more full account if we had it, but have been unable 
to get the secretaries to write up the orders. We take even 
this from the Lebanon Patriot, dated December 18, 1886. 

KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS. 

"Lebanon Lodge K. of P. wrs organized April 16, 1874, with 
B^. A. Smith, W. E. Crigler, Edward Reynolds, W. P. John- 
son, W. H. Pennington, .J. W. Kise, T. J.' Powell, A. D. Mor- 
ris, J. AV". Garner, J. W. Small, P. L. Herod, Milroy Lane, 
J. W. Olive, J. H. Morgan, T. J. Shulse, J. W. Hammond, 
R. S. Camplin, Isaac Morris, F. M. Busby and W. A. Ken- 
worthy as charter members. Ben. A. Smith was made first 
C C, James W. Garner, V. C. Milroy Lane had the honor 
of being first Past Chancellor. The new lodge started off 
with plenty of work in each of the ranks, and seemed to pros- 
per until about 1876, when financial trouble overtook it, and 
not until 1880 did it renew its former vis^or. Durinfr the years 
1880-1, owing to the close application of several of the breth- 
ren, including S. S. Dailey, Charles M. Harrison, I. T. Davis 
and others, the lodge had a new boom, and from that time to 
the present but few lodge meetings have been without work. 
In February, 1882, the lodge moved to its present location. 



158 EAELY LIF£ AND TIMES IN 

Recently they have secured a new home in Neal's new block, 
which is being fitted up at an expense of about $400. They 
expect to occupy this elegant room about January 6, 1887. 
The membership consists of 157, of whom all exce})t sixteen 
are under thirty-five years of age. Of so large a number but 
few lodges can boast of so many young men, which only add> 
life and vigor. No. 45 has made no failure in public enter- 
tainments, as the successful carrying on of the K. of P. fair. 
in the winter of 1884, and the Fourth of July enterprise of 
1885, speak for themselves. The financial aifairs of the lodge 
at the present time is managed by trustees S. S. Dailey, I. T. 
Davis and C. F. S. Neal. Their last report shows ten shares 
of building and loan stock and other property and cash, mak- 
in all over $2,000. In a charitable way, Lebanon Lodge No. 
45^ since its organization, has expended over $3,000. 

Thorntown Lodge No. 124, was organized April 27, 1885, 
with about thirty-five charter members and has at the present 
time over 100, in good standing, all young, live, active and 
energetic fellows. 

FREE AND ACCEPTED MASONS. 

The Masonic Order is represented in Boone County by the 
following Lodges : Boone, No. 9, Lebanon; Thorntown, No. 
113, Thorntown ; Zion, No. 197, Zionsville ; Hazelrigg, No. 
200, Jamestown; Celestial, No. 525, Whitestown; Rosston, 
No. 528, Rosston ; Lebanon Chapter, No. 39 ; Boone Council, 
No. 45. Boone Lodg*-, No. 9, was first chartered as Thorntown 
Lodge. No. 9, and place of meeting was at Thorntown. The 
charter was granted lSia.\- 20, 1845, to Harvey G. Hazelrigg, 
W. M.; Silas M. White,' S. W.; and Joseph D. Davis, J. \V.; 
and was continued there until 1849, when the place- of meet- 
ing was changed to Lebanon and name to Boone Lodge, No. 
9. The first meetins; of that lodge in Lebanon was in the 
second story of a frame building situated on what is now 
known as the Halfman corner, and continued there until Will- 
iam Zion built the two-story frame building on the Zion cor- 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 15& 

ner, and in the upper story of this frame building was fitted 
up one of tiie handsomest lodge rooms in the state at tliat 
time. It was in fact a blue lodge, the walls being beautiiully 
frescoed in blue, upon which were painted all the symbols of 
the order, and with its starry, decked ceiling and light in the 
east it truthfully represented a lodge (»f symbolic ^Masons. 
Here they remained until this building was destroyed by fire, 
in which most all the property of the lodge was lost. In the 
spring of 1866, with a membership of worthy citizens, at this 
time they determindd to build a lodge room, and accordingly 
made arrangements with Silas A. Lee and David Kenworthy, 
who were then proposing to build on the lot owned by them 
on South Lebanon street, to add a second story, which was 
done, and they have now one of the best arranged and fur- 
nished lodge rooms in the state. Dr. John L. Smith is be- 
lieved to be the only surviving charter member of this lodge 
as instituted at Thorntown. James Coombs is the oldest con- 
tinuous member of Boone Lodge, No. 9, being made a jNIason 
January 5, 1855. Among its prominent members w"ere Har- 
vey G. Hazelrigg, Wm. Zion, R. G. Dormire, L. C. Daugh- 
erty, Alijah Robison, F. M. Busby, Chauncy King. Major 
Hazelrigg was for nearly twenty years Worshipful Master of 
the lodge and retired only when he refused to serve any longer. 
In 1862 he was elected Senior Grand Warden of the Grand 
Lodge. In 1863 and 18G4 he was elected Deputy Grand 
Master, and in 1865, '66 and ^67 was elected Grand Master of 
the Grand Lodge. He was also at one time Eminent Grand 
Commander of the Knights Templar of the state. In the 
work of the order he was very proficient, and few ever excelled 
him. Tlis knowledge of the Masonic law was such that his 
decisions were quoted in other jurisdictions as authority and 
he occupied a very prominent position in the order. This 
lodge has exj^eriencod a revival and now has a membership of 
about 140, composed of active and prominent citizens. Tliorn- 
town Lodge was chartered May 30, 1851, and now has a mem- 
bership of about seventy. Zion Lodge was chartered May 28, 



/ 



160 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

1846, and has at present about fifty members. The lodge has 
lately had the misfortune to lose, by fire, their finely furnished 
lodge room, but they are now making preparations to build a 
room of their own. Hazelrigg Lodge was chartered May 26, 
1857, and now has a membership of about fifty. Celestial 
Lodge was chartered ]S[ay 23, 1876, and now has a member- 
ship of about twenty-five. Rosston Lodge was chartered May 
23, 1875, and has a membership of about thirty-five. Of 
Koyal Arch Masons there is but one chapter in Boone County, 
and that is at Lebanon. It has a membership of about sixty- 
five, composed of prominent and influential citizens of the 
county. They meet in the hall of Boone Lodge No. 9, and 
have lately purchased an elegant outfit for its purposes. There 
is also but one council of Cryptic Masonry in the county, and 
it is located at Lebanon. Several residents of this county are 
also Knights Templar and Scottish Rite Masons. Accord- 
ing to an ancient and well-established rule of the order ladies 
-can not become Masons, (although there is no objection to 
their becoming wives of Masons) and for the good of the 
brethren, their wives, mothers and daughters, the beautiful 
order of the Eastern Star was organized, and of this there is a 
chapter in this city, lately re-organized, and which is now in a 
prosperous condition and is a source of profit and pleasure to 
all who have obtained the privilege of looking upon the star 
in the east. 

RED MEN. 

There is a great lack of correct information concerning the 
Improved Order of Red Men. The order is a confraternity 
for the promulgation of principles of true benevolence and 
charity, and for the establishment of friendly bonds among 
men. The order had its origin, as is believed, in the days of 
the revolution, but the written record begins from the year 
1812-13, when it was organized by Lieut. "Williams, in Fort 
Miflflin, on the Delaware River, and was intended and did suc- 
ceed in rendering a divided garrison a unit for the Republic. 
When the close of the war its original object of existence 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 161 

•ceased, but a few years later, shorn of its political character, 
it was revived, and to-day exists on the princi])les above stated. 
It is now the oldest American society extant of the class known 
as secret societies. The order is beneficial, protective and 
reciprocal; it is pre-eminently moral, just and pure; it is 
founded on principles of pure benevolence; it recognizes as a 
principle the right of man to freedom of thought and con- 
science. It believes in any proper means or bonds which will 
establish between men, otherwise strangers and aliens to each 
other, the faithful bond of reciprocal friendship. The order 
is represented in every state and territory in the United States 
and is extending to foreign nations. 

Winnebago Tribe, No. 36, was organized in this city on the 
night of May 15, 1873, with the following charter members: 
L. V. B. Taylor, John M. Scott, W. O. Buryhill, W. O. Dar- 
nall, C. S. Riley, W. P. Parr, S. S. Daily, E. W. Matthews, 
W. A. Kenworthy, C. W. Scott and Ben. A. Smith. The mem- 
bership at this time is over one hundred, and is increasing 
rapidly. Two members of Winnebago Tribe have passed 
through the offices of the Great Council of the state, E. G. 
Darnall and T. W. Lockhart, the former having represented 
the state at the sessions of the Great Council of the United 
States held at Atlantic City, N. J., in 1883, and at Springfield, 
111., in 1884, and the latter is now representative to the Uni- 
ted States Great Councils to be held in 1887 and 1888. Since 
the organization of Winnebago Tribe, the members have 
expended over S3, 000 for sick and funeral benefits. The reg- 
ular meeting night is Wednesday of each week. A new and 
well arranged hall is being fitted up in Neal's building on 
Lebanon street, where the weekly meetings will be held after 
January 1st. 

KNIGHTS OF LABOR. 

There are in Boone County the following organizations of 
the Knights of Labor: Boone Assembly, Xo. 2,214, at Leb- 
anon ; Jackson Assembly, at Jamestown ; Redemption Assera- 
11 



162 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

bly, Thorntowii; Enterprise Assembly, Advance. The Leb- 
anon Assembly was organized September, 1882, with eighteen 
charter members. In the early history of the assembly it was 
very difficult to get additions to its membership from various 
causes, chief among which was the numerous strikes and 
troubles arising between the employees and employers of the 
the country. It vras believed the organization was founded 
and instituted for the purpose of encouraging and supporting 
strikers, notwithstanding the fact is the constitution and laws 
•of the order teach men, who are disposed to be fliir minded, 
that it was the object and purpose of the order to substitute 
arbitration for strikes. Another reason was the opponent- of 
the order would constantly assert that it was political and 
intended and designed for political purposes. These and many 
other false statements so prejudiced the people apiinst the 
order, that for the first three years after the organization of 
Assembly, Xo, 2,214, weakened by desertions from its ranks, 
it was with ditliculty that the organization was kept up; but 
by untiring zeal and determination on the part of a few of its 
remaining members, unjust and uncalled for criticism has in a 
great measure been silenced, and public opinion, heretofore 
bitter and unrelenting in opposition, has been changed, if not 
into actual advocates of the principles and methods of the 
Knights of Labor, at least into a quiet submission and allow- 
ance of the assembly to exist and to go on with its good deeds. 
Jackson Assembly was organized February 6, 1886, with six- 
teen charter members. She, too, has passed the critical period ; 
her membership now runs up into the hundreds, and is com- 
posed of the very best and most energetic citizens of Jackson 
Township. Redemption Assembly was the next to fall into 
line, being organized February 10, 1886, with seventeen char- 
ter members, and has established herself in the affection of the 
people of Sugar Creek Township so that applications for mem- 
bership and initiations are too numerous to mention. Enter- 
prise Assembly was organized February 1, 1886, with sixteen 
charter members of the best mechanics and farmers of Whites- 



BOONE COUJS'TY, INDIANA. 1G3 

town. This assembly is very prosperous and rapidly increas- 
ing in numbers. Advance Assembly was organized July 8, 
1886, with nineteen charter members. The order in the 
county is in a prosperous condition. When the ultimate 
results of this order shall have been accomplished in the 
world, then shall the sword be beaten into " plowshares " and 
neither swords nor implements of death shall be used forever. 

VARIETY CHAPTER. 

In the following chapter will be found some incidents and 
reminiscences not of sufficient importance to form separate 
articles. We have concluded to group them in one chapter, 
forming, as we hope, one that will be of interest : 

The bear fight at " Dye's Mills" in the year 1847 was one 
of the largest gatherings, up to that time, perhaps ever assem- 
bled in the county. The Dye boys had a few mouths pre- 
vious captured two cub bears out in Howard County, kept 
them until about eighteen months old, when it was proposed 
to have a shooting match bear nght. The time finally arrived 
for it to take place. The result was a big crowd ; the people 
came far and near — sporting men from Indianapolis and many 
other places were there with their best guns and dogs. Xot 
less than three thousand persons were present. The shooting 
match came first, and you may guess there was some good 
marksmen on hand with their pieces in the best possible trim. 
The result was, first, second and third choices went in diiferent 
directions. After which came the dog or bear fisrht. The 
dogs of war was turned loose | it became apparent soon that 
brain was on top every time, and one or two dogs were killed 
outright. Notwithstanding this large, mixed crowd, there wa-- 
no serious trouble. The bears were dressed and awarded in 
parcels, satisfactory to all as far as I know. The writer luui a 
piece for dinner the next day, and it was the best bear meat he 
ever ate, for it was the only. 

When Thomas P. Miller kept the postoffice in Eagle Vil- 



164 EARLY I.IFK AND TIMES IN 

lage, back in the forties, a youno; man dropped a letter in the 
ofEce without her name on the back — that is, his best girl that 
"lived in Yander." Mr. jNIiller noticed it and called th'/ 
vouuo; crcut's attention to the fact, who, it seems, wanted to do 
his correspondence on the sly. He was told it wa^' out of the 
question to deliver the letter without her name on it. " Why," 
said he, '' I guess her name is on the inside." 

Austin Davenport built the first brick house in Eagle 
Township on the Michigan road in the year 1835. 

George Stephenson was killed in Clinton Township in 
1835 by the falling of a tree. This was the first tragic death 
in Clinton Township. He was the son of Robert Stephenson, 
one of the pioneers of this locality. 

James M. Larimore was the first Odd Fellow in Boone 
County, initiated at Indianapolis in 1846. He died in 1849 
and is buried ft the cemetery in Eagle Village. 

Noah Burkett, one of the pioneers of Eagle Creek, was 
killed by the cars near Whitestown about the year 1865. 

A son of John Wolf, aged eighteen years, was drowned in 
Big Eagle just above the old Dye farm in 1848. He was 
crossing a foot log. His body was found a day or two after 
by his father. 

A daughter of John King, aged ten years, was killed in 
Eagle Creek Township, in the year 1828, by the falling of a 
tree. 

William Lane had a son killed by a log, in 1829, in Union 
Township. He was six years of age. 

Nancy Cruse, daughter of Benjamin Cruse, was killed by 
lightning in 1830, on Eagle Creek and on the old John Johns 
farm. She was about sixteen years of age. 

In 1840, L. M. Oliphant and Alexander Miller shot and 
captured a bald eagle near Eagle Village. It measured nine 
feet from tip to tip. It M^as only crippled and was taken to 
the Tippecanoe Battle Ground at the great meeting of 1840, 
where it was the admiration of all. 



)Wj 



BOONE COUNTV, INDIANA. 165 

William Duzau's dwelling was burned, in Clarkstowu, in 
the year 1842. Also the house of Oel Thayers at the same 
place. 

The present court house Nvas built, at a cost of §40,000^ in 

1856. 

William Feely was frozen to death in Clinton Township, 
about the year 1840. He Avas out hunting, became lost, tried 
to make a fire, failing he became stupefied, and finally fell and 
was frozen when found. 

Mrs. Margaret Evans, wife of Jonathan Evans, was killed 
with an ax in Union Township in 1883, on the farm now 
owned by W. O. Gary. Her son was supposed to have done 
it in an insane fit. 

The records of the county were burned October 12, 1856. 

Thomas J. Cason is the only resident of the county struck 
by congressional lightning, having served two terras, repre- 
senting the counties of Boone, Tippecanoe, Clinton, Carroli, 
Benton, Warren, Fountain and Montgomery. The first time 
his opponent was Gen. M. D. Mason. The second time, Hon. 
Leander McClung was his opponent. 

A son of David Ross was killed by the falling of a tree in 
Washington Township, 1842, aged thirteen years. 

A daughter of George Harness, aged fourteen years, was 
killed near Thornto\vn in 1829, by falling off a fence. 

A daughter of the widow BufQnger was killed in Wash- 
ington Township in 1859, by falling of a tree. She was aged 
about twelve years. 

Ruben Crose was killed by falling of a tree in Sugar Creek 
Township, aged forty-five years. 
• George Groves was killed in Thorutowu by Wm. Weuship. 

In 1864, Franklin Imler, of near Zionsville, found a pack- 
age of greenbacks under the railroad bridge just south of town. 
The owner never called for it. 

The present jail was built in the year 1878. It is a good 
structure, with residence attached, and all the modern prison 



166 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

attachments, making it one not only ornamental to the city, 
but durable and safe. The entire cost was near $20,000. 
Located immediately north of the court house and where its 
predecessors stood (log structures) in early times. 

xCereamery was first started near Lebanon, on the Lafayette 
pike, just in the edge of the city, in 1886. It is a stock 
company. 

Jacob Kernodle was among the first to build a brick dwell- 
ing in the county on his farm, one and one-fourth miles east 
of Lebanon, now the property of John H. Spahr. This was built 
about the year 1846. 

The opera house in Lebanon was built in 1885-6, by J. C. 
Brown, Wm. Richey and Henry Brown ; cost, $20,000 ; located 
on West Main street. 

Harrison Raridon was thrown from his buggy on the night 
of the 12th of April, 1875, and died on the 16th of same 
month, at the age of forty-five years; supposed to have been 
robbed and killed. 

Levi Thompson was drowned in Sugar Creek, near Thorn- 
town, in 1870. 

In 1856 a daughter of Noah Chitwood was burned to 
death in Harrison Township, aged six years. 

A son of Wm. D. Lane, aged nine years, was killed by the 
falling: of a tree, in 1842. He was killed in Harrison Town- 
ship. 

Able Lane was killed in Jefferson Township, in 1868, by 
the falling of part of a tree top. 

Joshua Hazelrigg was drowned in Sugar Creek, near 
Thorntown, in 1856. He was the son of the late H. G. 
Hazelrigg. 

Commenced boring for gas March 10, 1887, at Lebanon. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 167 

THE PRESS OF BOONE COUNTY FROM THE 
FIRST UP TO 1887. 

BY JOHN W. KISE, ESQ., LEBANON. 

Some one has said tliat the press was a mighty lever, the 
truth of v.hich no one doubts; and when wielded in the right 
direction certainly is a blessing to any country. Thirty or 
forty years ago only an occasional paper could be found on the 
tables of the people of this country. The times have changed 
and the reverse is the truth — only a few can be found but have 
on them the dailies or weeklies of the day. The press is cer- 
tainly an educator ; its appearance in our homes weekly is 
hailed with delight, especially our local papers, They come 
laden with the news fresh from all parts of the county. No 
well-regulaled family or county can dispense with those valua- 
ble weekly visitations. Let us encourage them and try as 
patrons and corre5i)ondents to raise higher yet the standard of 
our papers. Boone County has kept pace with other parts of 
our state in this enterprise, and all the time, from first to last, 
has had weekly issues that will compare favorably with the best. 
Following will be found a somewhat imperfect sketch of the 
press, but it is the best that can be obtained at this writing: 

THE PIONEER. 

In 1851 The Boone County Pioneer was started at Lebanon, 
with Henry Hill as editor and proprietor, which was the first 
paper published in Boone County. The editor was a practical 
printer, but like most printers of that day was not a practical 
business man. He continued the publication of the above 
paper as the organ of the Democracy for something like four 
years, when his calls for financial aid upon the party leaders 
became too numerous, and he was induced to sell out. He 
was succeeded by the late Dr. James Mc Workman and Col. 
W. C. Kise, who became editors and proprietors. Lender the 
management of Messrs. McWorkman & Kise the paper pros- 



168 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

pered, and in a short time (perliaps about the beginning of the- 
memorable campaign of 1856) it was sold to a young man 
who afterwards became famous as its editor — George Wash- 
ington Buckingham, from Newark, Ohio. " Buck " contin- 
ued as its editor and made it a '' red hot " Democratic ])a])er 
until the close of the year 1860, when the party having re- 
ceived a Waterloo in the nation and state, he retired, and was 
succeeded by James Gogen, who continued the publication for 
a short time, when the great war breaking out, and the publi- 
cation of a Democratic paper in the county being attended 
with a financial loss which he coidd not well stand, its farther 
publication was discontinued. 

After a sleep of seven years it was resuscitated by the party 
under the management of the now notorious Jap. Tnrpin, 
whose career as an editor was " short and sweet," and he was 
succeeded by Lafe Woodard, " the terror," who al>o made but 
a short stay with the people of Boone. 

Gen. R. C. Kise then assumed the management of the 
paper, and edited the same with distinguished ability and great 
financial success, until the year 1869, when he was succeeded 
by Henry S. Evans. This gentleman managed the paper un- 
til the campaign of 1870 opened, when he was replaced by 
that "prince of good fellows/' Ben. A. Smith. This gentle- 
man surrounded himself with the best local writers of the 
party, and made a good paper of the Pioneer until 1874, when 
he disposed of the entire office to Dr. T. H. Harrison, its 
present editor, who has continued the publication of tiie 
Pioneer to the present, and has spared no pains to make it an 
acceptable medium of news to the party and the people of tiie 
county. Lone; mav it live. 

In the year 1854 the Boone County Ledger was started in 
Lebanon, as the organ of all voters opposed to the then tri- 
umphant Democracy. The paper was published by a stock 
company, with Volney B. Oden and David M. Burns as its- 
first editors. They were afterwards succeeded by one Edward 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 169 

Bell, a practical printer and a forcible writer. Mr. Bell ina<le 
a satisfactory paper to his party, but managed the hu.-iness 
department in such a way as to make himself a costly 
''luxurv," and in a short time the entire office was sold to- 
parties in Danville and removed to that place, where its pub- 
lication was continued as the Hendricks County Ledger, also 
publishing an edition known as the Boone County Ledger to 
fill out the time of all subscriptions to the Boone County 
concern. 

The next paper published in Lebanon by the Republicans 
was the J^.r/)o.si7o/-, which flourished for about three years, under 
the manacrement, first of W. H. Smith, then of Asa P. Taft, 
a scholarly gentleman. 

About the year 1860, Joseph W. Jackson, who had been 
publishing a paper at Thorntown (the Thorntown Evening 
Mail), removed his office to Lebanon and published it as the 
Lndiana Mail, which he continued to edit for some two or 
three years, when, if the writer is not mistaken, what was left 
of the defunct Expositor and Mr. Jackson's paper, were pur- 
chased by John H. and James Hendricks, who adopted the 
name of the Lebanon Patriot for the paper they published. 

These gentlemen were succeeded by T. H. B. McCain, as 
editor, whose entire office was destroyed by fire in March, 
1886. Rising from the ashes, the Patriot was continued by 
Mr. McCain for a short time, when he disposed of it to D. E. 
Caldwell, who introduced many "city airs," such as a steam 
press, etc., into the office of his valuable paper. The Patriot 
has since been edited by various parties, prominent among 
whom may be mentioned M. M. Manner and W. O. Darnall, 
J. A. Abbott and S. L. Hamilton, J. A. Abbott and D. H. 
Olive, AV. C. Gerard, Ciiaries E. Wilson, Jacob Keiser, and 
its present thorough-going and aggressive editors and propri- 
etors, Messrs. S. J. Thompson & Son. May it continue to 
prosper and lend its influence toward building up the best of 
Counties, glorious old Boone, 



170 EARLY LIFE AND TIMF.S IN 

OTHER PAPERS AT LEBANON. 

Numerous other newspaper eiForts have been made at Leb- 
anon, such LS the Jaio Breaker, Night Hawk, and Swamp Angel, 
which each flourished for a time, by R. C. Kise, when he was 
as a boy serving his time on the Pioneer ; also the Daily Times, 
bv John C. Taylor, which he published for a short time while 
he was engaged on one of the other leading papers. After 
the Pioneer went to sleep, during the late, war, AV. A. Tipton 
and some other parties started the Democrat and tried to make 
it go, but it never succeeded beyond infancy. Ben. A. Sniith 
returned to Lebanon in 1875 or '76 and started a paper called 
the Democrat, but as the party refused to recognize any paper 
as organ outside of the Pioneer, he was soon compelled to 
remove his paper to another field. 

About the year 1878, the "National," or "Greenback" 
party started an organ in Lebanon, known as the Greenbaekcr, 
which was successfully edited by C M. AVyncoop, H. H- 
Hacker, Charles Xorris and Charles Calvert, the latter chang- 
ing the name of the paper to the Lebanon Bee, and finally 
removing the office and all-to Kansas. 

Three years since, E. G. Darnall founded the Lebanon 
Mercury, sm "independent" newspaper, with which he con- 
tinued dosing this people for eighteen mouths, when he sold 
out paper and good will to Rev. C. B. Mock who continues 
gathering in the shekels from the same. 

About the year 1858, Joseph W. Jackson started a weekly 
paper, The Thorntown Evening Mail, at this place, which he 
•continued for some two years, receiving a liberal support for 
most of the time; but thinking there was a good opening at 
Lebanon for his paper he removed his office to that place. 

F. B. Rose started a paper, we think the Thorntown Coin- 
wema?, about the year 1872, and continued its publication tor 
a very short time. He was succeeded by L. B. Kramer, wu" 
edited the Register until some time in 1873. His successor wa- 
N. C. A. Rayhouser, who ran the Messenger for a season. 1' • 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. * 171 

B. Rose edited the Independent, and was followed by Messrs. 
Gault & Runyau, who made their paper, the Leader, an ac- 
•ceptable medium of news to that enterprising people. 

S. W. Fergusson edited the Argus, and being of a fiery na- 
ture the paper soon partook of his disposition; it was dis- 
posed of to Messrs. Darrough & Crouch, and they were soon 
followed by C. W. Hazelrigg. Charlie published a good 
paper while he was editor. 

F. B. Rose succeeded Mr. Hazelrigg and continued the 
Argus about two years, when he sold out the concern to Rev. 
C B. Mock, who remained as editor nearly two years and then 
-disposed of the oflice to F. B. Rose, who now has the Argus 
established upon a solid business-like basis and is enjoying a 
fine patronage. 

The Zionsville Times has been edited by the following named 
gentlemen : A. G. Alcott, who made it very newsy ; W. F. 
Morgan, afterwards County Recorder ; John S. Grieves, a 
young printer, who was well qualified for tlie position, but 
could not content himself long in one place, and the present 
enterprising editor, Cal. Gault, who is publishing one of the 
best papers our county possesses. 

John Messier and Will Eagle started the Commercial about 
the year 1872, and made a very sprightly paper of it for a 
short time, but were stranded on a chattel mortgage and com- 
pelled to surrender the office to their sureties. F. B. Rose 
followed them as editor for a short season, and then took the 
office to Thorntown. 

G. W. Corbin edited Nip and Tuck, tlie Northern World 
and Temperance Tribune. A. S. Clements was editor of the 
Tribune; also W. C. Brown made a newsy paper of the Trib- 
une, but it remained for the present editor, that veteran jour- 
nalist, G. W. Snyder, to bring order out of chaos, and make a 
really first-class paper at Jamestown. Such is the Tribune of 
to-day. 



172 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

EARLY PHYSICIANS OF BOONE COUNTY. 

BY DE. A. G. PORTER OF LEBANON. 

Dr. William N. Duzan was born in the State of Tennessee^ 
iu 1809, where he read medicine, but did not practice there to 
any extent. He came with his father, Rev. William Duzan, 
to Clarkstown about the year 1836, and where his best days 
were spent. Shortly after his arrival he commenced practice, 
which steadily increased, extending through the east part of 
Boone and the west part of Hamilton counties, his father's 
farm being on the line just east of Clarkstown. Late in life 
he married a lady in Indianapolis, and about the year 185(3, 
removed there, wliere his home has mostly been ever since, 
except, perhaps, a short stay in Arkansas and California. Dr. 
Duzan was a peculiar man — a natural doctor, if there is auy 
such a being. His extensive practice gave him large expe- 
rience, which he was quick to learn. At one time no u:iau in 
Boone County had a more extensive practice than Dr. Duzan. 
Of quick, nervous temperment, rather high strung, he loved 
a friend and hated an enemy as well. In person hi; was of 
medium size, auburn hair, small piercing eyes, and an undinch- 
ing Democrat. He died at Indianapolis, August, 1886 ; buried 
at Crown Hill. 

Dr. Jeremiah Larimore was born in Fayette County, Ind., 
about the year 1825. His father, H. G. Larimore, was also a 
physician, who was his tutor. In 1834 Jeremiah, theu a lad 
of nine years, came with his fatiier to Eagle Village, wherf 
his education was mostly acquired in the common schools ot 
the day. At the age of twenty-one he went to Missouri, 
attended medical school and practiced three or four years and 
where he married, in 1845. Soon after he returned to his for- 
mer home. Eagle Village, where he at once obtained an ex- 
tensive practice, in fact, beyond what he could do. This con- 
tinued until the year 1849, when he went to California, wher^" 
he remained three years. Returning to his old home he again 



BOOXE Cf/UNTY, INDFAXA. 173 

regained his lost }>ractice. When Eagle Village went down 
he went to Zionsville, where he practiced several years; then 
to Whitestown, where he again built up a fair practice. Dr. 
Larimore was in many respects a splendid man and doctor. 
The cup finally was his ruin, however. He died in Indianap- 
olis in 1879 or 1880; is buried at jSIonnt Run Cemetery. 
In person he was fine looking, fiiir complexion, auburn hair, 
near six feet high. 

Dr. Samuel K. Hardy, one of the early doctors of North- 
field, was born in Virginia, married Miss Sarah Larimore, in 
Fayette County, Ind. He commenced the practice of medicine 
in Northfield, Boone County, in 1844, where he remained a 
number of years, and where he built up an extensive practice, 
subsequently removing to Zionsville where he continued in 
practice. He died there a few years ago. In person Dr. 
Hardy was tall, rawboned, of rather angular build, dark hair 
-and complexion. He is the father of Dr. J. S. Hardy, of 
Whitestown, this county. 

Dr. Pressly was one of the pioneer doctors of Xorthfield, 
coming away back in the thirties. I am unable to say where 
he was born or died. 

Dr. A. J. McLeod was also an early doctor of Xorthfield. 
Am unable to say where he was born nor the time he first 
came to Northfield. It was prior to 1850. He was a Baptist. 
His whereabouts are to me unknown. 

Dr. Rodman was born in Ohio about the year 1820; came 
to Boone County when twenty-one years of age ; read medi- 
cine with Dr. W. N. Duzan, of Clarkstown, Ind. In the year 
1845 he commenced the practice of medicine at Eagle Village, 
where he was married to Mariha Rose in 1847. He built up, 
in the course of time, a fair practice in and about Eagle Vill- 
age, and where he remained up to 1853, when he removed to 
Zionsville. He practiced there ten or fifteen years, when his 
wife died. He asraiu married Mrs. Beerner. He moved to 
Washington Territory some ten years ago and resides there 
now, 1887. Dr. Rodman was a noble-hearted man, full of 



174 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

human kindness first, last and all the time ; was an uncom- 
promising Democrat of the old Jacksonian school. He was a 
well-informed doctor and had fair success in his practice, 
which was at one time quite extensive. In person he was 
well made, weighing one hundred and seventy-five pounds, 
fair complexion, dark hair and blue eyes. At one time he wa.< 
a partner of George W. Duzan, at Zionsville. 

Dr. George ^Y. Duzan, Sen., was born in Tennessee in 
1812; came with the Duzan family to this county in 1834. 
He read medicine with his brother, W. N. Duzan, and prac- 
ticed with him for years in and about Clarkstown, their early 
home. About the year 1850 he was married to a lady near 
Augusta, in Marion County, and there Removed and practiced 
for several years. Finally he went to Indianapolis, at w^hich 
place he did not practice to any extent. He died near that 
city in May, 1886, and is buried at Crowai Hill Cer^etery.. 
Dr. Duzan was a strong Methodist, and at one time an able 
preacher. In person he was rather under size in height,. 
would w^eigh one hundred and sixty-five pounds, fair com- 
plexion and auburn hair. During his study he overtaxed his 
eyesight, from which he never fully recovered. He will long 
be remembered by many to w^hom he has ministered physically 
and spiritually. He leaves a family near the city of Indiana- 
polis. He is an uncle of G. N. Duzan, of Zionville. Dr. W. 
N. Duzan is also an uncle of G. X. Duzan, of Zionsville. 

Dr. George L. Burk was born in Kentucky. His parents 
moved to this county in 1836 or 1837, and settled in the wild 
woods in the western part of Jefferson Township. His father 
died soon after, leaving his mother with a large ftiraily and 
small means. The subject of this article, while young, went 
to Gosport,in this state, where he read medicine with Dr. 
Taylor. In the spring of 1844 he began the practice of his 
profession in Montgomery County, two or three miles west ot 
Shannondale. During the holidays of that year he moved to 
Jamestown, in this (Boone) county, where he has resided ever 
since, ai>d is to-day a living monument of what energy ant. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. ITO- 

common sense, when properly applied, can do. At James- 
town he went into a large and lucrative practice, and has held 
the same up to the present, a term of forty-three years. He 
is yet hale at the age of sixty-five years, is a fine specimen of 
physical mauhood, open-hearted and generous to a fault. None 
were so poor as not to be able to command his services. Dr. 
Burk started in the world under any but flattering circum- 
stances, poor and comparatively uneducated; yet by his force 
of character, his zeal and industry, he reached a prominent 
standing in the county, and rises at four o'clock, A. M., to this 
day. 

Dr. John J. Nesbit came to this county in 1835 or '36, and 
began his professional life at Thorntown. Soon, however, he 
moved to Lebanon, where he had a fair practice and enjoyed 
the undivided confidence of the people. He was remarkable 
for his fine appearance personally, was an excellent conversa- 
tionalist, happy under most all circumstances. Was elected 
county treasurer iu 1850, after which service he went to the 
farm, and finally, when his health failed, he moved back to 
Prebble County, Ohio, his nativ(; county, where he died of 
consumption, iu 1864, lamented by all whose pleasure it had 
been to make his acquaintance. 

Dr. Jesse S. Reagan was born in Warren County, Ohio, in 
1831, is, consequently, fifty-seven years old. Came to this 
county in 1852, and began the practice of medicine at Keese's 
Mills in 1854. Is a raau of strict integrity and fair ability, 
with great energy and industry. He has remained at the same 
point where he began his successful professional career to the 
present. He has enjoyed the fullest confidence of the people. 
Was elected clerk of the Circuit Court in November, 1886. 
Is a man of good constitution, enjoys fair health and is in 
affluent circumstances. 

Dr. H. G. Larimore, one of the pioneer doctors of Boone 
County, came to Eagle Village in the year 1836, where he 
practiced medicine for over forty years, with fair success as an 
old time doctor. The doctor in his make-up had vim and fire 



176 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

about hiiu. He was a strict Methodist and an old-time \vhig. 
He was four times married. About the year 1860 he moved 
to Fayette County, Indiana, and died there a few years hitor 
in liis ninety-first year. He was the father of Dr. Jeremiah 
I^arimore, Thomas J. Larimore, Mrs. Eliza Inibler, G. W. 
Larimore, Mrs. Sarah Hogan, Mrs. G. A. Titus, Mrs. Mary 

, formerly Miss Mary Larimore. Dr. Jerry is buried 

at Mounts Run Cemetery. Eliza resides one and one-half 
miles east of Zionsville ; T. J. Larimore, deceased ; G. AV., 
whereabouts not known; G. A. resides in Clinton Townsliip; 
Mary in Rush County, Indiana ; Sarah in Zionsville. Dr. H. 
G. Larimore was a strongs Methodist all his life. 

Dr. "NY. P. Davis v;as an Ohio man. Came to Thorntown 
in 1837 or '38 ; removed to Lebanon in 1840 Yfas a man of 
more than ordinary ability; positive in his convictions, and 
politically was radically a Y'hig. Afterwards he became an 
intense Republican. He died in DesMoines, Iowa, in 1878. 

Dr. William M. Simpkins was born in Ohio. Came to 
Lebanon in 1839. Was as fine a specimen of physical man- 
hood as any country produces, and possessed full medium 
ability in his profession, and was full of energy and industry, 
and died in 1849 at his home in this place, of consumption, 
the result of hard work, exposure and sleepless nights. In^o 
man was ever more interested in the welfare of his patients. 

Dr. A. G. Porter, who wrote the above, and has done it so 
well, is too modest to say anything about himself, while so 
worthy. It is left to one to write about him who is unprepared. 
"What he says about his fellow Drs. respecting their ability 
and worth might truthfully be said about him, so long and 
well known in Lebanon, the home of his youth, his manhood, 
his old days. He is honored and highly respected among all, 
and as a Dr. he has no superior in the county. Always ready 
to go to the bedside of the sick and dying, whether there was 
any money or not in the visit, how could he be otherwise than 
loved? He has always acted in the Democratic party, and 
was the nominee for County Recorder iu 1886, but was 




'''^^m^iiUiiliS^ \ ^^••; ^ 



AAEON SMITH. 




FRANCES SMITH. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 177 

•defeated by a few votes by F. M. Moody. The Dr. has a fine 
practice in Lebanon, where we hope he may live h^ng and 
prosper. I thank him for writing so long and well of the 
early Drs. of the county, only regreting so poor a tribute in 
return. 



12 



GEOLOGY OF BOONE COUNTY. 



S. S. GOEBY AND S. E. LEE. 

Boone County, named in honor of the heroic pioneer of 
Kentucky, was organized by act of the legislature in 1829. 
It is situated just west of the center of the state, and is bounded 
on the north by Clinton County, on the east by Hamilton, on 
the south by Marion and Hendricks, and on the west by Mont- 
gomery. The county is twenty-four miles in length from east 
to west, and eighteen miles in width from north to south, and 
embraces an area of 432 square miles. 

At the time of its organization Boone County was a dense 
wilderness, the total population being less than five hundred. 
The following table, taken from the United States Census Re- 
ports, shows the population of the county in the several de- 
cades since 1830: 

Population m 1830 621 

" 1840 8,121 

" 1850 11,631 

" 1860 16,753 

" 1870 22,593 

" 1880 25,922 

There are twelve civil townships in the county, viz : Sugar 
Creek, in the northwest corner of the county; Washington 
and Clinton, in the northern part of the county; Marion, in 
the northeast corner ; Jefferson, in the Western; Center, in 
the central, and Union, in the eastern part of the county ; 
Jackson, in the southwest; Harrison and Perry, in the south- 
ern, and Worth and Eagle, in the southeastern part of the 
county. 



180 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

Lebanon, the county scat, is iu tiie exact geographical cen- 
ter of the county. The .second principal meridian runs 
through the center of the city. The population of Lebanon 
in 1870 was 1,572; in 1880 -it was 2,625, an encouraging 
increase. 

Lebanon is mainly a commercial city, though manufactures 
receive considerable attention. Commodious and elegant 
churches, school buildings and other public structures attest 
the enterprise, taste and general prosperity of the citizens. 
The Cincinnati, Indianapolis, St. Louis & Chicago Railroad 
passes through the city, running a northwest and southeast 
direction through the county. This road furnishes excellent 
facilities for traffic. The Midland Railroad, formerly known 
as the Anderson, Lebanon & St. Louis Railroad, runs nearly 
due west from the east line of the county until it reaches 
Lebanon, where it crosses the Cincinnati, Indianapolis, St. 
Louis & Chicago Railroad, and then pursues a southwesterly 
course to the Montgomery County line. The Midland Rail- 
road is now in process of construction, and it is expected that 
it will be completed at an early day. The proposed Toledo 
& St. Louis Air Line Railroad runs southwesterly across the 
northwest corner of the county, crossing the Cincinnati, In- 
dianapolis, St. Louis & Chicago Railroad at Thorntown. A 
oonsiderable portion of this road was graded some yeai-s ago, 
but owing to a lack of funds to complete the road the work 
was temporarily abandoned. The Indianapolis, Bloomiugtou 
<fe Western Railroad crosses the southwest corner of the county. 

The public roads of the county are being rapidly put into 
the very best condition. Xo county in the state is at the 
present time showing more enterprise in the construction of 
gravel roads and other public improvements than Boone. 
With one or two exceptions the graveled roads are all free. 
The very best of gravel for road building is found at conven- 
ient points, and the citizens are rapidly utilizing this excellent 
and cheap material in every part of the county. 

Thorntown, situated in the northwestern corner of the 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. • 181 

county, in Sn^^r Creek Township, is <a pleasantly situated 
town of nearly 2,000 population. It is an important station 
upon the Cincinnati, Indianapolis, St. Louis & Chicago 
Railroad. 

Zionsville, the next town in size and commercial import- 
ance, is situated iu the southeastern corner of the county, in 
Eagle Township. The population of this town, in 1880, was 
855. It is a station on the Cincinnati, Indianapolis, St. Louis 
& Chicago Railroad. 

Jamestown, a station on the Indiana, Bloomington & 
Western Railroad, is situated in the southwest corn^" of the 
countv, in Jackson Township. This is a growing town, also, 
which had, in 1880, a population of 696. 

Besides the towns above enumerated, there are the follow- 
ing: named villao;es,^manv of which show remarkable evidences 
of prosperity : 

Whitestown, on the Cincinnati, Indianapolis, St. Louis & 
Chicago Railroad, in AVorth Township ; Holmes Station, in 
the southeast corner of Center Township, on the same rail- 
road ; Eagle Village, one mile northeast of Zionsville ; North- 
field, in Union Township, five miles north of Zionsville ; 
Rosston, one mile northwest of Northfield ; Royalton, five 
miles southwest of Zionsville; Fayette, in Perry Township, 
three miles west of 'Royalton ; Brunswick, six miles east 
of Jamestown; Millegeville, six miles south of Lebanon ; 
Advance, nine miles southwest of Lebanon ; Dover, eigiit 
miles west of Lebanon ; Mechanicsburg, eight miles north of 
Lebanon ; Elizaville, seven miles northeast of Lebanon ; 
Ratsburg, three miles east of Lebanon ; Slabtown, nine miles 
northeast of Lebanon, and Big Springs, three miles southea-t 
of Slabtown. 

The territory embraced in Boone County was originally 
the home of the Eel River tribe of the Miami Indians, from 
whom it was acquired by treaty and purchase in 1828. \^ 
early as 1819 the French and Indians had a trading-post at 
Thorntown. It is even claimed by some historians that tiie 



182 . EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

tra'ling-post at Thorntown was established as early as the year 
1715. The Indians coutinued to occupy the county, to some 
extent, until 1835. 

The first permanent white settler in Boone County was 
Patrick H. Sullivan, who located near the site of Zionsville, 
where he continued to reside until his death, in 1826. Jesse 
Lane settled in the eastern part of the county, near Northfield, 
in 1826. George Dye, a noted Indian scout and enterprising 
pioneer, with his family, settled in the same vicinity soon after. 
Settlements were commenced at Thorntown and Jamestown at 
al)out the same period. 

Lebanon was located, named, surveyed and ])latted, and 
made the county seat in 1830. Mechauicsburg v.as surveyed 
and platted in 1835. The Michigan Road was located through 
the county in 1828. 

For a number of years the growth of the county was slow, 
compared with many other counties in the state, but recent 
years have shown a marked increase in the population. Ihe 
material growth of the county, iu the meantime, has fully kept 
pace with the advance in population. The farming lands of 
the county are of the most productive character, and suscep- 
tible of the highest state of cultivation. The best improved 
farm machinery may readily be operated upon any of the farm 
lands. The intelligent manner in which the fields are being 
cultivated gives evidence of the fact that the benefits to be 
derived from superior cultivation are fully appreciated by the 
Boone County farmers. 

The Boone County Agricultural Society holds an annual 
fair at Lebanon, and the displays of stock, choice cereals, 
fruits and veg-etables exhibited there rank with those of the 
very best agricultural counties of the state. 

TOPOGRAPHY AND DRAINAGE. 

Boone County lies wholly within the drift area of Indiana, 

consequently the surface consists of level or gently rolling lands. 

he central portion of the county consists of a broad, slightly 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 183 

elevated plateau, with frequent depressed areas of considerable 
extent. These depressions, though now only a few feet in depth, 
formerly accumulated enough water and vegetable matter to 
form in many places swamps or bogs of considerable depth. 
Thorough drainage, however, has transformed these impassible 
swamps into fertile fields, and the numerous bogs that formerly 
yielded nothing but malarial poisons, now produce enormous 
crops of grain, grass and fruit. This plateau forms the height 
of land or summit between AVhite River and the Wabash. It 
is really a low, broad ridge, or series of ridges, built up of the 
transported sand, gravel, bowlders and clays of the glacial 
period. The general direction of the ridge is from east to 
west. 

The eastern part of the county, along Eagle Creek, is con- 
siderably rolling. Eagle Creek rises in Marion Township, in 
the northeast corner of the county, flows south, until it 
reaches the Hendricks County line, whence it pursues a 
southeasterly course to White River, into which it flows a few 
miles below Indianapolis. Several small branches enter Eagle 
Creek from the east and west, and the modifications of the 
surface produced by the erosions of these small streams tend 
to create a diversity of surface scenery that would otherwise 
have maintained a monotonous outline. 

The southeastern part of the county, in the vicinity of 
Zionsville, and west for five or six miles, is quite rolling. 
Numerous small, deep valleys lie between high, prominent 
ridges. The general direction pursued by the small streams in 
this part of the county is southerly, consequently the ridges 
generally run north and south. The valleys are the result of 
local erosions since the deposition of the drift. The dej)th of 
the valleys varies from twenty-five to one hundred and twenty- 
five feet. Fishback Creek, which rises near Whitestown, flows 
.south through this region. 

The north and south forks of Eel River rise in the central 
part of the county and flow southwesterly to the Hendricks 
County line near Jamestown. The two branches unite about 



184 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

two miles northeast of Jamestown. The course of Eel River^ 
after it leaves Boone County, is southwesterly, then southerly^ 
until it finally unites with the west fork of White River, at 
Worthington, in Greene County. 

The southern part of the county is generally level, or only 
slightly rolling, except a considerable portion along Eel River 
and the smaller water courses, which, owing to erosions, is 
more rolling and declivitous. West of Lebanon, and south 
and west of Dover, and also in the vicinity of Advance, the 
lands are just sufficiently rolling to give suitable facilities for 
draining the occasional swampy tracts. Raccoon Creek flows 
southwesterly through Jackson Township, and Walnut Creek 
flows westerly through the southern part of Jeiferson Town- 
ship. Muski'at Creek flows westerly through the central part 
of Jefferson Township, while Wolf Creek flows northwesterly 
through the northern part of the same township, and empties 
into Sugar Creek about two miles west of Thorntown. These 
streams, with their smaller branches, receive the drainage from 
the swampy tracts through the surface- ditches and under- 
ground tiles. 

Sugar Creek rises in the eastern part of Clinton County 
and flows southwesterly until it crosses the Boone County line 
north of Lebanon. It then flows a westerly course through 
the northwest corner of Boone County. Crossing the Mont- 
gomery County line, it again pursues a southwesterly course to 
the Wabash River. Prairie Creek, which rises in the vicinity 
of Lebanon, flows northwesterly through Center, Washington 
and Sugar Creek townships, and empties into Sugar Creek just 
north of Thorntown. Mud Creek, and some other small 
streams, rise in the northern part of the county and flow into 
Sugar Creek. v 

The citizens of Boone County fully appreciate the benefits 
to be derived from a thorough system of drainage. When the 
swamps and bogs of the county are thoroughly drained there 
are no lands in the state that excel them in productiveness. 
The number of rods of drain tile in operation in the county in 



BOONE CX)UNTY, INDIANA, , 185- 

1882, was 293,484; in 1883, 397,8(32; in 1884, 519,151. or 
1,622 miles. During 1884 there were constructed 4,160 rods 
— thirteen miles of surface ditches. In a few more years a 
perfect and complete system of drainage will be in operation 
throughout the entire county. 

SOIL AND PRODUCTS. 

The following is the definition of " loam " : " A soil chiefly 
composed of silioious sand, clay and carbonate of lime, with 
more or less of the oxide of iron, magnesia and various salts, 
and also decayed vegetable and animal matter, giving propor- 
tionate fertility." 

The soils of Boone County consist largely of a loam com- 
posed of the materials enumerated above. A large portion of 
decomposed vegetable matter enters into the composition of 
the soil in all the low, swampy tracts, and the great fertility of 
these lands when they are thoroughly drained, is well known 
to every agriculturist. 

Frequent patches occur throughout the county, varying in 
extent from a few acres to several hundred acres, where the 
soil consists of light-colored or gray clay. This clay contains 
a large percent, of silica, and it is probably a mass of the blue 
or bowlder clay exposed at the surface, and changed to a light- 
gray color by years of bleaching and washing. NVithout the 
liberal application of fertilizers this clay soil does not produce 
profitably. In somejocalities there is a very large proportion 
of sand in the soil, in others clay predominates, and in others 
various modifications of the two elements produce soils of 
great diversity. These diverse conditions of the soil enable 
the farmers to cultivate a greater variety of crops with success 
and profit. A proper knowledge of the constituent elements 
of the soil, and a further knowledge of the elements required 
to produce a particular crop, will enable the farmer to apply 
economically the very elements required to make his land 
yield the desired crop. In a county like Boone, where there 
IS not necessarily an acre of waste land, where the land is gen- 



3 86 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

■erallj level or nearly so, and where there is no waste of the fer- 
tile elements of the soil during; the periodical rainy seasons, the 
thorough application of suitable fertilizers is attended with the 
most satisfactory results. 

Nature has already accomplished much for the farmers of 
Boone by the deposition of suitable sub-soil and later accum- 
ulations containing the most productive elements. To retain 
the productive qualities of the most fertile lands, and bring the 
less productive areas up to the highest standard of excellence, 
and at the same time secure remunerative crops from his tilled 
land, is the ultimate object of every farmer in the management 
of his farm. To accomplish this he must have a perfect sys- 
tem of drainage in operation upon his farm ; he must exercise 
•eare in securing a proper rotation of crops so as not to exhaust 
the soil, and then, by the continued application of those fertil- 
izers that will restore the lost elements, and a careful cultiva- 
tion of the crops, he may expect the most remunerative results. 

In 1884 there were 634,438 bushels of wheat harvested in 
Boone County from 52,113 acres, an average of a little more 
than twelve busliels per acre. In the same year there were 
produced 1,635,763 bushels of corn from 51,189 acres, an 
average of about thirty-two bushels per acre. The yield of 
oats was 106,277 bushels from 3,339 acres. In 1882 the yield 
of wheat in Boone County was 852,955 bushels; corn, 2,095,- 
090 bushels; oats, 78,992 bushels. 

In 1884 Boone County had 13,012 acrc^s in timothy meadow, 
which produced 21,861 tons of hay. In the same year there 
were 16,029 acres in clover meadow, producing 24,483 tons of 
hay, and 3,609 bushels of clover seed. The yield of tiraotliy 
hay in 1882 was 24,994 tons, and of clover hay 32,560 tons. 
The foregoing examples of crops show that the soils of Boone 
Oounty are fully up to the average in productiveness. 

GEOLOGY. ' 

The surface deposits of Boone County consist wholly of 
fand, gravels, clays and bowlders. Xo exposures of solid rocks 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 187 

in place appear in the county. In the western part of the 
county the rocks are sometimes reached by the auger or drill 
in boring or driving wells, but they are always at a consider- 
able depth below the surface. In a few instances limestone 
has been touched in the wells, and occasionally sandstone has 
been found, but more commonly the stone reached in the bores 
is a silicious shale or '' soapstone." In the eastern half of the 
county the total depth of the drift is unknown, as no wells 
have ever been bored through it. It is known, however, to 
be more than 100 feet thick, and in places is probably 300 or 
400 feet in thickness. The blue clay generally alternates with 
layers of sand and gravel, but in some localities it lies in great 
compact, homogeneous masses, without laminations or evi- 
dence of stratification. 

The elevated area, extending through the county from east 
to west, was evidently the summit of an ancient terminal mor- 
aine, the origfinal height of which far exceeded the altitude of 
the highest elevations now to be found in the county. It is 
also evidently true that a series of high ridges occupied al- 
most the entire area of the county. As the glaziers were grad- 
ually dissipated under the influences of a temperature which 
slowly increased in fervency, the waters from the melting 
masses of ice sought out various courses through the many 
depressions between the more elevated heights, and struggling 
on from one depression to another at last found their way to 
the sea. Since the transported masses of drift were once 
piled up, in places, to a height exceeding, by hundreds of feet, 
the greatest elevations now remaining in the drift area, it is 
very probable that the valleys, or depressions between the 
ridges and hills, were once considerably below the level of the 
lowest lands of the present day. In many places, doubtless, 
the bare, planed surfaces of the rocks were exposed. The re- 
turn of congenial seasons, with continued days of sunshine and 
frequent moistening showers, resulted in the spread of vegeta- 
tion over a large portion of the drift area. It is quite evident 
that in some localities vegetation grew in profusion, especially 



188 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

along the southern limits of the drift deposit. The growing 
plants covered the sides of the slopes, and also the lower 
grounds around the margins of the lakes and streams. Even 
in the marshes, ponds and lakes, aquatic and semi-aquatic 
plants grew in wild luxuriance. Evidence of these facts 
abound throughout the drift area. The continued rainfall 
washed the loose particles of material from the slopes of the 
hills and ridges and gradually filled up all the low places, 
completely covering the masses of vegetable matter that grew 
and accumulated in the low grounds, and thus underground 
"peat bogs" were formed. These buried masses of vegetation 
are quite frequently found in digging and boring wells in 
Boone County, and many other counties of the state. They 
are found at a depth of from ten to sixty feet below the sur- 
face. Professional well diggers and drivers call them "swamps." 
The appearance of the mud and accumulated vegetable matter 
found in them is almo-t identical with that of a surface swamp. 
The mud is black, usually soft and mirey, and consists largely 
of decayed vegetable matter. Leaves, twigs, and trunks and 
branches of trees are frequently found in them. 

On the farm of Mr. John M. Shelly, in Jackson Township, 
four miles north of Jamestown, a well was bored in which, at 
the depth of forty-six feet, a sicarnp was reached which was 
twelve feet in thickness. The following is the complete sec- 
tion of the bore : 

SECTION OF JOHN 51. SHELLY's WELL. 

Soil and yellow clay, mixed with sand ... 12 ft. 

Yellow Sand 2 ft. 

Hard gravel . ■* "• 

•Hardpan— gravel . . . . • • • . 4 ft. 

White sand 6 ft. 

Sand and clay — bluish 18 ft. 

Black muck and loam, with branches of trees and other 

vegetable matter . . . . - • • . 1- it- 
Blue clay . • . 4 ft. 

Gray sand, gravel, etc. 26 it. 

Total 88 ft. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 189 

On the farm of Mr. Isaac Eraerts, two and one-half miles 
north of Jamestown, a well was bored in which the swamp 
was reached at a depth of sixty feet. A considerable layer of 
blue clay lies over it. The following section was obtained from 
Mr. James A. Ball, of Thorntown, who bored the well. At 
the depth of seventy-five feet the rock was reached, and the 
boring was continued through the shale, or "soapstone," as the 
workmen termed it, to the depth of 235 feet : 

SECTION OF MR. ISAAC EMERTS' WELL. 

Soil 2 ft. 

Yellow clay and sand 28 ft. 

Quicksand . . . . . . . . 1 ft. 6 in. 

Blue clay 29 ft. 

Black muck, leaves, twigs and branches of trees . 3 ft. 

Sand and clay 12 ft. 

Silicious shale — "soapstone" .... 160 ft. 

Total, • . 235 ft. 6 in. 

A well was dug on the farm of Mr. Seth. W. Porter, six 
miles west of Lebanon, in which a walnut branch, five inches 
in diameter, was found in the blue clay a few feet below the 
surface. The well was only eighteen feet deep, and the follow- 
ing is the 

SECTION : 

Soil 2 ft. 

Blue clay . . • 11 ft. 

Sand . . 5 ft. 

Total, 18 ft. 

In digging a well on Main street, just east of the Public 
Square,- in Lebanon, the workmen passed through two feet of 
soil and twelve feet of blue clay, when a stratum of sand vras 
reached in w^hich were a large number of shells in a good state 
of preservation. Dr. A. G. Porter pronounced them to be 
fresh-water shells. About four feet lower down, in gravel, a 
number of Lower Silurian fossil-shells — Rhy nchonella capax — 
were found. 



190 EAELY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

At Witt & Klizer's flonring-mill, at Thorntown^a well was 
dug to the depth of 104 feet, and then continued by boring to 
the depth of 343 feet. At the depth of 100 feet, the trunk of 
a tree, apparently northern cedar, several inches in diameter, 
was found. The trunk of the tree extended entirely across 
the well. The exposed portion of the tree was nearly perfect, 
showing no scars nor affects of abrasion, such as would have 
resulted from violent contact with rocks or other hard 
substances. 

The following is the entire section of the well, obtained 
from Mr. Ball, who superintended the boring: 

SECTION OF WITT & KLIZER's WELI>, THORNTOWN. 

Soil 2 ft. 

Yellow clay 19 ft. 

Quicksand .....*... 4 ft. 

Blue clay 125 ft. 

Silicious shale — "soapstone" 193 ft. 

Total, 343 ft. 

A section of the same well obtained from the engineer at 
the mill, who assisted in digging the well and also in the work 
of boring, differs very materially from that given by Mr. Ball. 
As no notes were taken by either of the gentlemen, and the 
sections were given from memory, it is not to be assumed that 
either should be absolutely correct. 

SECTION OF WITT & KLIZEr's WELL, THORNTOWN. 
(Obtained from the Engineer at the MiU.) 

Soil 2 ft. 

Yellow clay 13 ft. 

Gravel 3 ft. 

Blue clay 82 ft. 

Cedar tree 

Blue clay 37 ft. 

"Soapstone" 60 ft. 

Gray limestone 136 ft. 

' Total, 333 ft. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 191 

It is quite probable that the carbonated hydrogen gases sa 
frequently found in the drift clays of northern Indiana are 
gases that were generated in the masses of buried vegetation 
so frequently occurring throughout the drift area. The gas is 
found at depths varying from twenty to seventy-five feet — 
depths correspouding with those at which the buried vegetation 
occurs. The flow of gas is always much stronger when it is 
first struck, and it gradually diminishes in volume until it 
finally ceases altogether. Tliis indicates that the gas is con- 
fined in a pocket, or limited reservoir, from which no con- 
tinned supply may be expected. Confined in the ancient swamp 
beds beneath the impervious, massive layers of indurated blue 
clay, it will remain imprisoned for ages without sensible 
change in volume or chemical composition. 

At many points throughout Boone County this gas has 
been found in the drift. In a well three miles southeast of 
Elizaville, on the Michigan Road, which was bored by Mr. 
Ball, of Thorntown, gas was found at a depth of forty-one 
feet. It flowed strongly for a short time from a stratum of 
fine, white sand, which probably accumulated on the margin 
of a small lake. The following is the 

SECTION OF THE GAS WELL. 

Soil and yellow clay . , . . . . . 18 ft. 

Quicksand . . .3ft. 

Blue clay 20 ft. 

White sand— gas 11 ft. 

Blue clay 6 ft. 

Swamp muck, leaves, twigs, etc. . . . . . 7 ft. 

Blue clay 19 ft. 

• Total 84 ft. 

In a well bored upon the farm of Clairborne Cain, five 
miles west of Lebanon, gas flowed from a stratum of gravel 
five feet in thickness, which was reached at a depth of seventy- 
three feet. 



192 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

SECTION OF MR. CALn's WELL. 

Soil and yellow clay 17 ft. 

White quicksand . 5 ft. 

Blue clay . . 51 ft. 

Dry gravel — gas seam . . . . . . . 5 ft. 

Blue clay . 165 ft. 

Total . . 243 ft. 

At the depth of two hundred and forty-three feet obstruc- 
tions accumulated in the pipes, and the boring had to be dis- 
-continued. It is unfortunate that the obstructions should 
occur before the entire thickness of the great stratum of blue 
clay was ascertained. 

At Jamestown, and many other localities throughout the 
county, gas, in small quantities, has been found in boring and 
digging wells. But in every instance the flow of gas is 
strongest when it is first reached, and it saon gradually ceases 
altogether. In no instance has a continuation of the bore ever 
resulted in developing a stronger flow of gas, and in no 
instance has it ever been fou ad in bores continued into the 
paleozoic rocks. The futility, then, of expecting to find the 
great reservoir from which the gas accumulated in the drift 
has escaped is very apparent. The gas of the drift areas is 
merely local accumulations resulting from the decay of buried 
vegetable matter. Although this gas will burn, it has never 
yet been found in a quantity sufficient to entitle it to consid- 
eration from an economic standpoint. 

The blue clays of Boone County are generally in dense, 
stiff, indurated masses, unlaminated, and without evidence of 
stratification. At many points they form the surface soil, 
where they may be recognized by their ash-gray or whitish 
■color, and uniformly fine and even texture. The whitish 
appearance is due to years of leaching and bleaching. In 
their natural state these clays form an unproductive soil, which 
can only be made profitable by a liberal use of manures. 

The well on Washington Street, Lebanon, shows a varying 




% 













'^/^Itifv 



IJOHX'M. BURNS. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 193 

condition of strata to a depth of about forty feet. The fol- 
lowing is the 

SECTION OF THE WELL ON WASHINGTON STKEET, LEBANON : 

Soil 7 ft. 

Yellow sand 1 ft. 

Yellow clay . 3 ft. 

Bluish sand and clay . . . . . . . 1 ft. 

Sand . . 4 ft. 

Blue clay 3 ft. 

Sand and gravel ........ 4 ft. 

Blue clay 2 ft. 

Oray clay . . , . , . . . . 3 ft. 
Hard-pan — indurated clay . . . . . . 4 ft. 

Blue (laminated) clay 14 ft. 

Orr.y clay 3 ft. 

Sand and clay - . . 10 ft. 

Blue clay 23 ft. 

Coarse gravel ........ 1 ft. 

Blue clay 25 ft. 

Total 108 ft. 

The well of Air. D. M. Burns, Civil Engineer, which is 
located on his farm, two miles north of Lebanon, on the 
Frankfort road, exhibited the following 

SECTION : 

Soil 2 ft. 

Yellow clay 7 ft. 

Gravel and sand 2 ft. 

Blue clay . . . 22 ft. 

Gravel 2 ft. 

Gravel and clay 3 ft. 

Blue clay , , . 50 ft. 

Bowlder 1 ft. 

Blue clay 23 ft. 

Total 112 ft. 

In the vicinity of Ratsburg no accurate knowledge of the 
depth or character of the drift could be procured. Water is 
obtained in required quantities at from ten to twenty feet 
13 



194 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

below the surface. The following section of Mr, J. M. 
Chambers's well illustrates the character of the deposits there 
so far as known : 

SECTION OF MR. CHAMBER'S WELL, RATSBURG. 

Soil 1 ft. 6 iu. 

Gray clay . . . ... . . . 16 ft. 

Sand 6 in. 

Total 18 ft. 

In this locality water is always found iu the first layer of 
sand. 

In the vicinity of Slabtown water is obtained at depths 
varying from twenty to fifty feet. The well of Mr. George 
Dischman, at that place, presents fairly all that could be ascer- 
tained regarding the drift in that locality. 

SECTION OF GEORGE DISHMAN's WELL, SLABTOWN. 

Soil 2 ft. 

Blue clay 30 ft. 

Gravel 6 in. 

Blue clay 14 ft. 

Total 46 ft. 6 in. 

In the neighborhood of Big Springs, water is abundant in 
wells at from eight to ten feet below the surface. The surface 
deposits are soil and gravel, no clay being reached at that 
depth. Numerous springs throughout this region flow out at 
the surface of the ground. 

At Ropston water is obtained at from eight to twenty feet 
below the surface. 

SECTION OF AVERAGE WELLS AT EOSSTON. 

Soil 1 ft. 6 in. 

Red clay 8 ft. 

Sand and gravel 1 to 10 ft. 



Total . , 19 ft. 6 in. 

At Northfield, water is obtained at from twenty to forty 
feet below the surface. 



BOOXE COUXTY, INDIANA. 195 

SECTION OF AVERAGE WELL AT NOHTHFIELD. 

Soil 2 ft. 

Yellow clay 10 to 20 ft. 

Sand or gravel 10 to 20 ft. 

Total . 42 ft. 

The wells at Clarkstown are from fifteen to forty-five feet 
deep.. 

SECTION OF AVERAGE WELL AT CLARKSTOWN. 

Soil 2 ft. 

Yellow clay 6 to 10 ft. 

Blue clay . • 10 to 30 ft. 

Total ....... 42 ft. 

Tiie wells at Zionsville are from twenty to sixty feet in 
depth. 

AVERAGE OF WELLS AT ZIONSVILLE. 

Soil 2 ft. 

Yellow clay 10 ft. 

Blue clay 4 to 10 ft. 

Gravel . . 1 to 3 ft. 

Blue clay . . . . . . . 20 to 40 ft. 

Total 65 ft. 

At Royalton water is usually obtained at depths varying 
from ten to forty feet. Messrs. Foster & Leap, however, had 
a well bored to the depth of ninety-five feet. 

SECTION OF FOSTER & LEAp's WELL, ROYALTON. 

Soil 3 ft. 6 in. 

Yellow clay 17 ft. 

Gravel 5 ft. 

Blue clay, with frequent thin layers of sand and 

gravel 70 ft. 6 in. 

Total 96 ft. 

Water is usually procured at Jamestown at depths varying 
from twenty-five to thirty feet. The deepest well in the town 
is located at the saw mill. 



196 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

SECTION OF WELL AT THE SAW MILL, JAMESTOWN. 

■•Soil 3 ft. 

TTellow clay 8 ft. 

"Quick sand . . . . . . . . . 1 ft. 

Blue clay 28 ft. 

<Gravel . . 2 ft. 

Blue clay 48 ft. 

Total 90 ft. 

SECTION OF WELL AT THE GRIST MILL, JAMESTOWN. 

Soil • . . . . ft. 8 in. 

Yellow clay , . . 10 ft. 

Sand . . . , 2 ft. 

Blue clay . 49 ft. 

Total 61 ft. 8 in. 

In digging a well just south of the railroad, near the dcpoi, 
at Jamestown, a few years ago, a small reservoir of gas was 
struck which exploded with some force, and burned with some 
violence, but the flow lasted only a few minutes, when it 
ceased altogether. 

The wells at Brunswick vary from eleven to thirty-five feet 
in depth. 

AVERAGE SECTION OF WELLS AT BRUNSWICK. 

Soil 1 to 2 ft. 

Yellow clay or gravel 5 to 10 ft. 

Sand and gravel 1 to 3 ft. 

Blue clay 4 to 20 ft. 

Total . 11 to 35 ft. 

AVERAGE SECTION OF WELLS AT MILLEDGE\TLLE. 

. Soil 1 to 2 ft. 

Yellow clay or gravel . . . . , . 5 to 10 ft.- 

Gravel and sand 1 to 10 ft. 

Blue clay 5 to 20 ft. 

Total 12 to 42 ft. 

By digging through the soil and sand in the vicinity <•! 
Dover to the depth of seven feet an abundance of water i- 
found. A short distance north of Dover, on the farm of ^'t'- 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 197 

Thomas McDaniel, a well was dug to the depth of twenty-two 
feet six inches. 

SECTIOX OF THOMAS m'dAXIEL'S WELL. 

Soil 1 ft. 

Yellow clay . . . . . . • 6 ft. 

Blue clay . • 15 ft. 

Gravel 6 in. 

Total 22 ft. 6 in. 

Mr. Ball, of Thorntown, bored a well for Mr. Gar. Vande- 
veer, six miles south of Lebanon, in which a large amount of 
vegetable matter was found in an ancient swamp, now buried 
sixty-five feet beneath the surface. 

SECTION OF MR. VANDEVEER's WELL. 

Soil 2 ft. 

Yellow clay 18 ft. 

Blue clay 45 ft. 

Swamp muck, leaves, twigs, etc. .... 10 ft. 

Blue clay .25 ft. 

Sandstone . 9 ft. 

Total 109 ft. 

Three miles north of Thorntown Mr. Ball bored two wells 
on opposite sides of the road, one of which was for Mr. S. 
Dukes, and the other was for Mr. Al. Wetherald. The depths 
of the wells were 185 and 187 feet respectively. The strata 
were the same in both wells. The following is the 

SECTION : 
Soil and yellow clay . . . . . . 18 ft. 

Quicksand . ' 12 ft. 

Blue clay 153 ft. 6 in. 

Eed sandstone 3 ft. 6 in. 

Total 187 ft. 

In the vicinity of the ]Montgomery County line the thick- 
ness of the drift is much less than it is in the central part of 
county. The following section of Mr. Louis Dunbar's well, 
just over the line in Montgomery County, is about an average 



198 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

of the wells iu that vicinity. The paleozoic rocks are usually 
reached at a depth of from 20 to 40 feet. 

SECTION OF MR. DUNBAr'S WELL. 

Soil and yellow clay . . . . . . . 20 ft. 

^ Dry white sand ........ 2 ft. 

White " sandstone " — probably chert . . . . 44 ft. 

Total 66 ft. 

North of Sugar Creek, in Montgomery County, near the 
Boone County line, Mr. Ball states that the cherty layers of 
stone are always found at from 20 to 30 feet below the 
surface. 

SECTION OF WELL ON MR. WM. MILLS' FARM, ONE 3ULE WEST OF THORNTOWN. 

Soil and yellow clay 25 ft. 

Quicksand 3 ft. 

Blue clay 80 ft. 



Total 108 ft. 

On the farm of Mr. Frank Harris, one mile south of Thorn- 
town, a well was bored to the depth of 132 feet, which showed 
great thickness of blue clay, which is underlaid by a cemented 
gravel. 

SECTION OF MR. HARRIS* WELL. 

Soil and yellow clay 

Quicksand . . . . . 

Blue clay 

Cemented gravel ...... 



. 19 ft. 


4 ft. 


. 103 ft. 


6 ft. 



Total ... 132 ft. 

West of Thorntowu about one and one-half miles is a heavy 
deposit of dry gravel. The total thickness of the bed is nut 
known. On the farm of Mr. Charles Moffitt a well was dug 
through -1 feet of soil and 40 feet of gravel, when the work 
was discontinued without finding water. At other points in 
the same locality the gravel is known to be of a very great 
depth. Also in the vicinity of Lebanon there are numerous 
thick beds of gravel. Gravel occurs all over the county at 



BOONE COUXTY, INDIANA. 199 

points sufficiently convenient of access to be economically 
used for road-making. 

Sand of good quality for plastering and building purposes 
and for the manufacture of tiles, brick, etc., is readily obtained 
in any part of the county. It is often found in beds of great 
thickness. On the farm of Robert Woody, three and one-half 
miles west of Thorntown, a stratum of sand fifty-five feet in 
thickness was passed through in boring a well. The follow- 
ing is the 

SECTION OF MR. WOODY's AVELL. 

Soil and yellow clay ...... IS ft. 

Fine white sand ....... 55 ft. 

Blueclav 71 ft. 

Limestone . . . . . . . . 3 ft. 

Total, 147 ft. 

Throughout the northwestern part of the county cjuicksand 
almost uniformly occurs under the yellow clay. The thickness 
of the ])eds of quicksand varies from two feet to fifteen feet. 
The yellow clay runs from three to thirty feet in thickness. 
The section of a well three miles east of Thorntown, near the 
Union Church, illustrates the character of the deposits 
throughout that region : 

SECTION OF WELL NEAR UNION CHURCH. 

Soil and yellow clay ...... 27 ft. 

Quicksand . . . . . . , . . 9 ft. 

Bine clay ........ 75 ft. 

Total, Ill ft. 

PALEOZOIC GEOLOGY. 

Since no exposure of paleozoic rocks occur in any part of 
Boone County, any statements concerning the underlying 
formations and groups would be unreliable and gratuitous. 
The workmen who continued the bores in wells until the rocks 
were reached were barelv able to distinguish the various kinds 
of rocks — shales, sandstones or limestones — and from the lim- 



200 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES. 

ited information obtained from them no sufficient knowledge 
of the strata was acquired to enable one to form definite or 
reliable conclusions. However, as limestones underlie the 
drift in the western part of the county, it is quite likely they 
are St. Louis or Keokuk — most probably the latter. It is 
uncertain whether the sandstone reached in a few instances is 
Knobstone or not. Although no bores, have ever touched the 
rocks underlying the drift in the eastern part of the county, it 
is altogether probable that they are Devonian. The particles 
of rock taken from the bores in different parts of the county 
contained no organic remains so far as observed by the 

workmen. 

ARCH.i:OLOGY. 

There are no walled enclosures in Boone County, nor any 
mounds of great interest. Occasionally small mounds are 
seen, but explorations in them have not disclosed any facts 
other than are generally known concerning these works. 
Ashes, charcoal, and occasionally implements have been found 
in them. Granite and flint implements, while not so common 
as in many other counties, are still frequently found in the 
county. Mr. Tribbets, of Thorntown, has quite a valuable col- 
lection of stone implements, collected partly from this county, 
but principally from Montgomery. There are a few other 
small collections in the county. 

THANKS. 

Many courtesies were received from the citizens in general 
during the progress of the survey, and especially from Dr. 
Lane and Attorneys Stokes and Wesner, at Lebanon ; Dr. 
Curryer, at Thorntown; Dr. Heady, at Jamestown, and 
James Dye, at Xorthfield. 



CHURCHES. 



EAGLE CREEK REGULAR BAPTIST CHURCH. 

Located ou Eagle Creek. This is the mother of churches 
in Boone County, being constituted in the year 1829. The 
following are among the first members : George Dodson, 
Elizabeth King, Frederick Brendell and wife, John King, 
Thomas and Polly Dodson, Robert Dodson, Mary Dodson, 
Samuel Laine and wife, Edward Bradley, David Marsh, John 
Dulin and wife, Squire Dulin and wife, James Peters and wife, 
Robert Duly and wife. The first clerk was James Bradly. 
The first house was a log building, rather rough, but it an- 
swered the above persons to worship in. A second house was 
built about the year 1850, this time a frame, costing about 
$600. Among the early preachers were Isaac Cotton, Bcnj. 
Harris, Isaac Jones, George Dodson. Xoah Gilford was for 
many years the church clerk, followed by Bennett Isaacs, 
Thomas Hand, Benj. Cox, Andrew Harvey. The present 
clerk is Benj. Shelburu. Tlie society meets every month, 
keeps up the church organization. Around this old church 
cluster many pleasant reminiscences of the ])ast. The prisent 
preacher is James W. Sherley. 



ANTIOC OR POPLAR GROA^E BAPTIST CHURCH. 

Tiie above church is located in the southwest part of Har- 
rison Township, and about one and one-half miles south of 
Xew Brunswick. A log house was first built here many years. 



X 



■202 EARLY LIFE AND TIMKS IN 

ago (1856) by the M. E. Cluu'ch, and occupied by them for 
several years, until they organized at Brunswick, when the 
Baptist brethren occupied it and organized a church, with the 
following as some of the first members: George Johnson and 
wife, William Joseph and wife, John D. Fear and family, 
Jacob Dimsniore and wife, Elisha Higgins and wife, Robert 
Walters and wife, Elizabeth Myers. iVmong the ministers are 
the following: John Clemens, Joseph Hoover, John Case, 
John Joseph, George Dodson, Peter Keeny, Franklin Keeny. 
The first clerk was Wm. Perkins, the present one J. PI. Diras- 
more. The present house was built in 1867; cost, $1,000; 
will seat about four hundred persons. Adjoining on the north 
and east is the cemetery, which is one of the most ])opuIar 
burying places in the county. Antioc has been for years one of 
the most popular preaching places in this part of the county. 
We are indebted to Noah Chitwood and James Myers for the 
iibove. 

BAPTIST CHURCH AT DOVER. 

BY LEW^IS DENNEY. 

The above society was first organized in 1869, as a joint 
■society, and the house was built as such between the Newlights 
and Baptists. The house cost fourteen hundred dollars. Ded- 
icated January, 1870, by Rev. Harry Smith, of Indianapolis. 
The first trustees on the part of the Xewlights were, A. D. 
Beck and James Irwin, and Jesse Jackson on the part of the 
^Baptists. The Baptists organized March 26, 1870, with six 
members by letter and three by baptism, Fielding Denny, Lucy 
S. Denny, W. B. Denny, Elizabeth F. Denny, Amanda M. 
Denny and Grace Dinsmoro by letter. Jesse Jackson, Amelda 
Jackson, Mary J. Custer (the last one by baptism). Present 
trustees are W. R. Roberts, William M. Kerns, John F. 
Campbell. Soon after the organization, the Baptists bought 
out the interest of the Newlights, paying five hundred dollars 
for their part of the house. The present deacons are W . R. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 



203 



Roberts, W. B. Denny, Wm. Service. Among the pastors are 
R. B. Craig, C. B. Allen, John F. Cruse, W. K. ^yilliaras, H. 
R. Todd. Present number of members, 110. Clerk and 
treasurer, E. M. Denny. 

SKETCH OF THE ELIZAVILLE BAPTIST CHURCH. 

About the year 1850 the Baptist families in and around the 
village ofElizaville determined on an organization. But not 
until the 13th day of August, 1853, was an organization eft'ected, 
when a number of brethren and sisters met at the school 
house one-half mile south of town for the purpose of organiz- 
ing a " regular Baptist Church." The council ^vas composed 
of brethren from the following churches, viz: Freedom, Mid- 
dlefork of Sugar Creek and Crooked Creek. The council was 
organized by appointing Brother Dooley Moderator and Dr. 
A. J. McLeod Clerk, when the following persons became 
members: Lindsy Powell, Matilda Powell, Harry Harris, 
Susannah Harris, Henry Padgett and Kitty Jones. Elder John 
Hawkins was chosen pastor for one year, who appointed Henry 
Harris clerk. The name of the church was first called " Friend- 
ship," but in August, 1865, it was changed to that of "Eliza- 
ville." The society now owns a comfortable house 4.0x60 feet, 
which will seat five hundred persons; hold regular meetings; 
and the society is kept up and is a power in the neighborhood. 
It has a membership of nearly fifty. The following pastors 
have served this church since its organization : John Haw- 
kins, A. H. Dooly, II. B. Craig, Beuj. Daily, C. B. Allen, F. 
M. Huckleberry, B. A. Melson, B. W. Harmon, J. F. Creams 
and H; R. Todd. The following have served as deacons: 
Lindsy Powell, W. C. Wylie, James R. Everman, John Carr, 
Sydna Marsh and A. S. Campbell. The following have served 
as church clerks: Harry Harris, Benj. Garrett, William C. 
Wylie, A. S. Campbell, John Silver, John Carr, Marion Eaton, 
J. R. Wylie, T. R. Caldwell and Edward Silver. The church 
here has had upon its rolls some of the best men and women 



204 EARLY LIFE AND TIMKS IN 

in the county, some of wliom are yet living here an'I are active 
and influential members; others have gone to other parts of 
the country and have become members of other societies; 
while others have gone to their reward, never to meet here 
again. L?t us hope that in the final day those who have wor- 
shiped here in days gone by will worshij) in the church 
triura{)haut. 

MOUNT TABOR BAPTIST CHUHCH. 

The above church is located one-half mile north of Fay- 
ette in Perry Township. It was first constituted the third 
Saturday in July, 1835, when the following sister churches 
were represented: Eagle Creek Church, by George Dodsou. 
Thomas Bradley and John Phillips; Thorntown Church, by 
John Turner and 'Squire Osburn ; Mt. Gilead Church, by 
Jacob Jones and Lewis Dewees; Union Church, by Thomas 
Heathen and Hampton Peningtou ; Big White Lick, by Par- 
sly Sherley, Ezekiel Shirly and Abraham Spekelman ; Little 
White Lick, l)y James Parsley and Caleb Sherley. We, the 
above representatives of the above churches, being convened 
at the house of William Turner, having examined into the 
propriety of organizing a church, and finding the articles ot 
faith to be in accordance to our church, we find them duly 
qualified to keep house as a regtdar Baptist Church, with th<- 
following named brothers and sisters as constituted memljcrs 
thereof: Edmond Shirly, Benjamin Smitii, Lcwi< Smitli, 
Daniel Shirly, James Smith, ^Villianl Smith, William Edv/ard-. 
William Turner, Philadelphia Shirly, Susan Smitii, Xancy 
Smith, Elizabeth Shirly, Nancy Smith, S. E,. Francis Xash, 
IMatilda Turner, E. P. Harding. We therefore pronounce 
them a regular Baptist Church, and give them the right hano 
of fellowship, this the third Saturday in July, 1835. 

Elder George D.)D.soy, 

Thos. W. Bradley, Clerk. Moderator. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 205 

The brothers and sisters, before the bnilding of the present 
lionse, met at tlie private houses in the neighborhood. In 1857 
or 1858, the church house was built at a cost of eight hundred 
dollars. It is a comfortable frame building, will seat about 
four hundred persons; well located on a high piece of ground, 
and near it a cemetery, where many of its former members are 
buried, on the land formerly owned by T. Stoker. 

The following ministers have preached here from time to 
time: George Dodson, Joseph Payner, Benjamin Harris, 
Peter Keeny, who has been a laborer in the vineyard many 
years. Allen McDaniel and W. E. Hardin are the present 
ministers in charge. The society now numbers 160 members 
in good standing and in a good healthy standing. The fol- 
lowing are the trustees : Preston Smith, Lewis Shirly and 
Robert Pcdigo. 

The society built and occupied a log church soon after 
-organizing, which served them for a number of years previous 
to building the present house. It was, perhaps, built in the 
year 1836 or 1837. We are indebted to Mr. Eli Smith for 
the above information. 

• 

MOUNT'S RUX CHURCH— BAPTIST. 

BY J. P. STARK. 

The history of the above church dates back to the year 
1837, when the organization took place, with the following 
members: John Allen, Sarah Ruble, Sally Johnson, .Tohn 
Spencer, John Lane, Samuel Dooly, Liney Dooly, James 
Peters, Lucy Peters, J. B. Allen, James Allen. This was on 
the 7th day of October, 1837, Elder George Dodson acting as 
moderator, and John King and Samuel Lane, deacons. The 
society for a number of years met in a log building near where 
the present house now stands, up to the year 1878, when the 
brick house was erected at a cost of §2,200. This hou^e is a 
■credit to theychurch/and is in every way a good building; will 



206 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

seat about 500 persons ; 36x48 feet. The following pastors 
have preached here from time to time: George Dodson, 
Abraham Smock, Benj. Harris, John Kinder, John Hawkins, 
H. I. Salla, Willson Thompson, J. R., James Abston, Peter 
Keeney, J. L. Oliphant, L. W. Brandon, J. W. Sherley, Alien 
McDaniel. The first trustees were John Dulin, James Peters, 
'Squire Dooly. The present ones are J. H. Peters, J. P. 
Stark, J. AV. Abitt. The church is in a healthy condition — 
132 members. The house is in Union Township, nine miles 
east of Lebanon, on the Xoblesville road. A beautiful ceme- 
tery adjoins on the south, where many of the former members 
are sleeping. 

THE CHURCH OF CHRIST, CALLED LEBANON 
BAPTIST CHURCH. 

BY B. F. WHITAKER. 

The above church or society was organized December 11th, 
1873, in the chapel of the school building, Rev. Bro. Melson 
acting as moderator. The following are the names composing 
the class at the organization : W. J. Devall, Rebecca Devall, 
Elizabeth Lane, George W. Beard, Peter Morris. May Morris, 
J. B. Crigler, Martha Crigler, J. A. Abbott, Laura Abbott, 
A. J. Adams and wife, Mollie Bruce, James F. Cline — four- 
teen members in all. Some of the above have passed away, 
among whom are Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Devall and Mrs. Crigler. 
Total number admitted since, 307; number deceased or moved 
away, 85; present membership, 236. The church building 
was purchased from the ]\r. P. Presbyterians in 1(S74. It was 
remodele<"l in 1886 at a cost of $4,035. Dedicated September, 
1886, by Elder Blackburn, of Lafayette. The following 
ministers have served this society : C. B. Allen, S. K. Fuson, 
J. F. Beoman, now (1887) preac^hiiig. Trustees: J. W. 
Devall, George- Beard, Peter Morris; Clerk, D. PI. Allen. 
The society is in a flourishing condition, with a well-organized 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 207 

Sabbath-schoo]. The house is a good one, and ^Yill seat five 
hundred persons, and is every way worthy the society that 
built it. 

BETHEL M. E. CHURCH, EAGLE TOWNSHIP. 

In 1839 the above church was built on the Michigan road^ 
between Clarktown and Eagle village, near where Little Eagle 
Creek crosses the ^lichigan road, and on the east side. The 
house was built out of hewed logs, and for the tinoe was a very 
creditable building, situated on a high piece of ground, facing 
to the west. Around this old church cluster many pleasant 
reminiscences, fur it was among the first societies formed in 
this part of the county. Among the first members were ^yill- 
iam Duzan and family, Resin Debruler and family, Jacob 
Lakin and wife. In the winter of 1842 a revival sprang up, 
when there was added quite a number of menibers, among 
whom were Allen Brock, John Lowe and wife, George Lowe, 
Eliza I^owe, William Bragg, Henderson Bragg, Isaac L. Dav- 
enport, Henry Davenport, Thomas Blake. The house was ded- 
icated in 1840, by Rev. J. C. Smith, who was at that time 
presiding elder. Among the first preachers were John Ed- 
wards, F. I\I. Richmond, Rev. Roll, J. W. Bradshaw, AVm. 
Duzan, George Bowman, George Dye, George W. Duzan, 
Rev. William Butt. The society flourished and was at one 
time one of the most popular preaching places in the county, 
Notwiths!'anding it was a log house the interior was quite well 
"fixed up." The house would seat some three hundred per- 
sons. About the year 1852 the society had lost many of its 
members by death and removals to such an extent that it went 
down, and the walls of " Bethel rang no more as in days of 
yore." The old building stood a few years later, when it was 
taken down, and there is not to-day a vestige of its former 
self. The writer, as early as 1845, attended meeting there, 
and listened to such nien as Smith, Good, Bradshaw ; and to 
home ministers, as Bowman, Butt and Duzan (the younger). 



"208 EARI.Y LIFE AND TIMES IN 

Have listened with interest to the proyers of the late Mr>. 
Debruler, who was gifted, and an earnest worker in her Mas- 
ter's cause. Her "bark" — as she often prayed — was landed 
■on "Canaan's ])eaceful shores." 

HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE M. E. CHURCH 
AT THORXTOWN. 

At the annual conference of the M. E. Church in 1832 
Stephen R. Ball was appointed to travel on the Frankfort 
Circuit. During the fall of 1832 and in 1833 Mr. Ball 
preached several times, and at the annual conference in 1834 
he was returned to the same circuit, and in the same year ho 
organized a church of twenty members. Brother Phelps trav- 
eled on this circuit and preached regularly. In 1835 Anct i 
Beach was in charge on the circuit, and kept up the church 
with good success. In 1836 Eli Rogers was appointed, but 
from some cause unknown to the writer did not preach often 
•at Thorntown. At the annual conference in 1837 Thomas J. 
Brown was appointed, but owing to lack of preaching and 
pastoral care the society was broken up, and when Mr. Brown 
came he found no society or organization. On the second 
Sabbath in May, 183S, he organized a society of eight mem- 
bers, viz, : Elias Tolbert and wife ; Green Foster, wife and 
daughter; Sarah, wife of Dr. Amos Davis; a young man whose 
name the writer has forgotten. Oliver Craven was baptized 
and taken into full membership and made leader of the class. 
From that date the M. E. Church has kept up regular weekly 
meetings for prayer and class meeting, with preaching once in 
four weeks. The following preachers have served : Tliomas 
J. Brown, Joseph White, George W. Stafford, Ancel Beach. 
John B. Dornott, William Wilson, Samuel Reid, John Ed- 
wards, Henry Wells, James H Xewland, George W. Sfaffcrd, 
William Campbell, J. W. Bioketts, Wm. H. Smith, James B. 
Murshon, James Aldrich, Wm. Camjjbell, H. C. Wilton, 
Aaron Geerney, Thomas E. Will, John L. Smith, Charles A. 



^^ 



m 













1 
t 



MAJ. BENJAMIN M. GREGORY 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 209 

Beck, Wiley P. Watkins, George W. Warner, T. C. Hackney, 
JRichard Hargrave, Luke Nebucar, F. M. Pavey, Jacob C. 
Reed, G. W. Bower, Leander C. Buckels, Thomas Meredith, 
John W. tlarris and Isaac Dale. The board of trustees at 
this date, February, 1887, are as follows: George E. Conrad, 
Jeffrey Horner, James Roberts, John C. Taylor, Wm. Miller, 
Wm. Curryer and Samuel Killaster. Total number of mem- 
bers at this date are 332. Oliver Craven. 
Thorntown, Ind., March 6, 1887. 

BIG SPRINGS METHODIST CHURCH. 

Big Springs, Ind., March 23, 1887. 

Jlessrs. Harden & Spahr: — By your request I try to give a 
brief history of the Big Springs Methodist Church and vicin- 
ity. I will fii'st give a few names of settlers who came here 
prior to October, 1837 : Isaac Srite, Rhesa Conley, Sampson 
Hartraan, Jacob Johns, John Davis, Daniel Stevens, Joel 
Richardson, Wm. Laws, Smith Castor, Wm. Davis, J. F. 
Johnson, Jonathan Scott, John Hollenback, James Richardson, 
John Parr, Bolcr Humphrey, Caleb Richardson, Thomas 
Wooden, Moody Gillum, Wm. Parr, Jacob Parr, Sr., Henry 
Ross and Thomas Lindsey, Jr. and Sr. 

My father, Jonathan Richardson, bought Issac Srite out, 
in April, 1837, and moved on the farm in October of the same 
year. This carries me back to early times when I was in my 
eleventh year. I was quite a small pioneer, if not an old one. 
I have nothing to go by but my memory, but I think I can 
relate the history of th.e church tolerably correctly. The first 
members were Caleb Richardson, John Parr, Jacob Parr, Sr., 
Wm. Parr, Joel Richardson, Rhesa Conley, and their wives. 
The first preachers who came among them were J. Baloat, in 
1837, G. J. Brown, in 1838, G. W. Stafford, in 1839, J. White, 
in 1840, A. Beach, in 1841, J. Edwards, in 1842, H. Wells, 
in 1843, A. Koontz, in 1844, G. W. Smith, in 1845, J. W. 
14 



210 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

Bradshaw, in 1846, F. M. Richmond, in 1847, and J. Colcla- 
sier, Cozad, White and Gillum one or two years each, which 
takes me up to 1852, besides several local preachers wlio came 
among them. Their names were G. Bowman, Sr., Dr. ^el- 
s(m Duzan's father, James D. Sims, James H. Ross and Dr. 
George W. Duzan. Among the elders were Woods, Smith. 
Daniels, Marsee Good and Hargraves. Class leaders were 
Caleb Richardson, John Parr, Joel Richardson and Thomas 
Lindsey, Sr. lu early times the church was in the Frankfort 
Circuit. They held meetings at Caleb Richardson's, John Parr's 
and Joel Richardson's houses until there was a school house 
built, which \vas done in 1838. There was preaching every 
two weeks. There would be a preacher in charge, and a 
young preacher. They would take it turn about. The names 
of the young preachers were Dorsey, DeMotte and Calvert. 
In early times meeting was held on week days, but that made 
DO difference. They would quit their work and go, some 
a-foot, sometimes two on the same horse. Class meeting would 
be held on Sundays. They continued iiolding meetings this 
way from 1837 to 1841, in which time there was a great revival 
and quite a number of the younger class of people joined the 
church. Among them were Wm. Lane, Jesse Lane, Sylvester 
Turpen, Jacob Parr, Jr., Allen Pittman, Wm. Richardson, 
Jonathan Scott, and some of the Lindsey family. As a gen- 
eral thing where the men had wives, they also joinf'd. In 1841 
the church decided to build a meeting house. It was a hewed 
log house, 30x40. It M^as raised in April, 1841, and was nor 
completed until 1842. The cost of the building I know noth- 
ing about, as it was done by the members donating work until 
it was enclosed. The carpenter work was done by J. B. Hig- 
gins and Joel Richardson. I never learned what amount of 
money they got for their work. 

In August, 1841, the church decided to hold a camp meet- 
ing, and went to work accordingly. The spot of ground they 
selected was on my father's land near the big spring. There 
were several tents built. The tent holders were John 1 arr, 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 21] 

Jacob Parr, Lane and Walker, Dr. W. N. Duzan, Joel and 
Caleb Ricihardson, H. Mower, Burrow and Parr, S. Smith, 
Cox and Parr, and several others. Camp meetings were held 
yearly for four or five years. Quite a number joined during 
these meetings. From that time on for several years they held 
protracted meetings, and at these meetings they increased in 
numbers till it became a very strong and popular church. The 
members, with few exceptions, were in ])eace and fellowshiji. 
The old log house answered for a place of woi-ship until 
1866, when it was taken down and a frame was built on the 
same site. The cost of it, I think, was §1,600, but since that 
time there has been a belfry and bell put up which has added 
to the cost some two or three hundred dollars more. I do not 
know who were the trustees. The old log house was built at 
the time the Rev. John Edwards was on the circuit, and I 
think dedicated by him. It can be said of a truth that the first 
members of this society were of the best citizens in the county. 
The above was written by Wra. Richardson, living near 
Big Springs. 

M. E. CHURCH, JAMESTOWN. 

This society, as far as Jamestown is concerned, does not 
date very early as a society, for many of the early Methodists 
in this locality held meetings and organized about three miles 
southeast, in the edge of Hendricks County. Among the 
first members were Mariah Walker, John Porter and wife, 
Jesse McMahan, Mariah McMahan, Elizabeth ^Mc^Mahan, John 
Okey and wife, Jesse Hendricks, Mary Hendricks, Henry and 
Martha Hendricks. The meetings were often held at private 
houses, John Okey's the most of the time. Among the first 
preachers were Enoch Wood, Rev. Utter, Jesse Hill. About 
the year 1838 the society was organized at Jamestown, where 
meetings were held in a joint meeting house used by all 
denominations, for school purposes, and the like. Among the 
first to meet here were Daniel Jesse, Saniuel Perry, Lee 



:212 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

Tucker, J. H. Campliu, J. Hudson, John Porter and wife, 
Dr. Orear, Samuel Jesse and wife, Mary Long, James Will- 
iams, Mrs. Galvin. The present house was built in 1871, and 
dedicated in August of that year by Bishop Bowman. It cost 
about §3,500; is a brick, and will seat about 500 persons. It 
is 45x65 feet, well located, and a credit to the society that 
built it. The membership is 175, and is in a prosperous con- 
dition. A Sabbath-school is kept up and maintained the year 
round, and is doing untold good in the town and vicinity. 
The following ministers have served this society from time to 
time: Joseph ]\Iarsee, Daniel F. Stright, Joseph White, John 
L. Smith ; the present minister is W. S. Lawhorn. 

M. E. CHURCH, LEBANON. 

Nearly as old as Lebanon itself is tiie above church or 
society. It seems the history of well-regulated neighborhoods 
to organize a church or society soon after a few -congenial 
minds are in accord with one another. So it was with a few 
in the little town of Lebanon in the winter of 1835-'36, where 
we find the following named persons forming themselves into 
• a society which has lived to this day, and is now in a flourish- 
ing condition, numbering near 400 persons or members: 
Josiah Lane and wife, Addison Lane and wife, Amelia Zion. v 
Rachael Bradshaw and Stephen Sims. Mrs. Zion is the only 
one now living. The first church building was erected south of 
where the present depot now stands, but it was never finished 
there, but removed, in 1844, to where the present "splendid 
house now stands. This was a frame, and dedicated under the 
pastoral care of Rev. Koontz. This building stood until the 
year 1865, when it was taken down and a brick house erected 
— 40x60 feet. It was duly dedicated by Rev. C. B. :Mock, 
•who. was the pastor at that time. This house stood until the 
summer of 1886, when it was remodeled into the present 
grand building at a cost of $4,673, and was duly dedicated 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 213 

November 7th, 1886, by Kev. Dr. John, of Greencastle, from 
the text: "AVatchmau, what of the night?" on which occa- 
sion ample means were raised to pay all the cost of the build- 
ing. The history of this church is much that of all others; 
had its days of prosperity and of gloom. There is here, as 
well as elsewhere, a faithful few that stand around to guard its 
best interest in the most trying times. Aud to-day the M. E. 
Church at Lebanon is one of the fixed institutions of the city. 
It has in connection a flourishing Sabbath-school, with over 
300 members. The following ministers, in part, have preached 
here from time to time: Rev. Thompson, M. L. Green. 
Francis Cox, P. A. Cook, Joseph Foxworthy, E. W. Lawhorn, 
C. B. Mock, Webb. S. Godfrey, S. P. Calvin, H. A. Merrill, 
J. L. Smith, H. C. Xeal, A. Lewis, F. M. Pavy. 

MT. ZIOX M. P. CHURCH, JACKSOX TO^yXSHIP. 

Mt. Zion is located in the western part of the township on 
Raccoon Creek. The first house was a log one and built in 
1841, one-half mile south of the present house and on the 
land of the late Simeon Emmert. Among the first members 
composing the class were the following: William Xicely 
(class leader), Xancy Cannada, Mary Walker, Peter Emmert, 
Susan White, Sarah Miller, Daniel Xew, Lurane New, Asbury 
Williamson, Mary Emmert, Simon Emmert, Wm. Emmert, 
Fanny Emmert, John Whiteman, Fanny AVhiteman, X'ancy 
Hubbell, Milly Hubbell, William V/hite, Daniel Xew, Love 
Williamson, Hank Williararson, John Higgins, Foster Xew. 
The present house is a frame, built in 1870, called Mt. Zion. 
I-(evi Swazey, pastor. Trustees, Wm. Cannada, John Dunkin, 
David Airhart. Mt. Zion is in a healthy condition. The 
house will hold about five hundred persons. Its cost was one 
thousand dollars. W'.m. Xicelv. 



214 EARLY LIFE AXD TIMES IX 

CHRISTAIX CHUECH, ZIONSVILLE. 

This society was first organized at Eagle Village about the 
year 1853, and the following year the house was built, which 
was afterwards, in 1858, moved to Zionsville, about one mile 
distant. It was taken down and moved by Franklin Imblcr. 
Among the first members at Eagle Village were John Stinson, 
Joseph Tanner and wife, ]M. Elston and 'wife, Benjamin Dye, 
John Hardin, Lucinda Hardin, John Imbler and wife, Frank- 
lin Imbler and wife, Thomas Lothlin and wife, Joseph Lari- 
more. The church building cost about sixteen hundred dol- 
lars, a frame, 40x60 feet; will seat five hundred persons. 
Among the elders who have preached here all along for thirty 
years we might mention Tliomas Lockhardt, Hiram St. John 
Vandake, Samuel Overman, Joseph Tanner, Joseph Larim.ore, 
L. H, Jemison, John O'Kaiu. Many of the former members 
have either moved away or died, and but few now belong- 
to the society above referred to, in fact, we might say none. 
But the church is kept up at Zionsville and has regular preach- 
ing. Elder Plunkett is the elder in charge at this writing 
(1887). Yes, they are nearly all gone to the church trium- 
phant, among whom are Elder Lockhart, Elston, Stinson, Mr. 
and Mrs. Hardin, Benjamin Dye, Joseph Larimore, Mrs. 
Elston, Frank Imbler and wife, John Imbler and wife. Elder 
Hiram St. John Vandake has also passed over the silent river. 
A few remain, amonor whom are Lothlin, Tanner and Jemison. 
Elder Lockhart the writer knew long and well, also the most 
of the above referred to he has known since boyhood^ who 
woi'shiped with my father and mother for years. It won't be 
long until the remaining ones will pass away, and the founders 
of the Christian Church at Eagle Village will be known only 
in history and in the memory of the children of those who 
were associated with its history in the past. 



BOOXE COUNTY, INDIANA. 215 

THE CHUKCH OF CHRIST AT WARD. 

BY ELDER D. H. HECKATHORN. 

This church is situatcti seven miles southwest of Lebanon, 
on the Lebanon and New Ross gravel road, in the southeastern 
part of Jackson townsiiip, Boone County, Ind. 

The society was organized by Elder Joe Davis, of Thorn- 
town, and the writer, September 6, 1874, with seventeen mem- 
bers, as follows : . D. H. Heckathorn, Elder : Deacons Lemuel 
W. McMullin and Joseph Lee; Anderson Burris, Mary Gar- 
dener, Elizabeth Apple, Lydia Lee. Xancy She})herd, jNIary 
Landers, Mary Heckathorn, NLirtha Clark. Louisa McMul- 
leu, Miss Clark, jNFargaret Burris, Miss S. E. Burris, John 
Batman, Margaret Batman 

The writer commenced preaching in an old school house, 
situated one-fourth mile south of the present site. Second 
Lord's day in June, 1872, and continued to preach once a 
month until October 1, 1876, and occasionally thereafter 
until October, 1878, the interruption being occasioned by the 
wu'itcr having been appointed to and acce])ting the office of 
county superintendent of schools. 

During this time and sometime after Elder John Xorthcutt 
was pastor. Elder William Smith preached about four years, 
and very materially strengthened and built up the cause of 
Christ in the neighborhood. The preaching brethren who 
have preached for the church at different times are: Elders 
Van Cleave, Johnson. Stevens, Harney, ^lills, McKinsey, 
etc. ^ , 

In the latter part of the year 1875 the })resent site was 
secured, and the old school house purchased and removed to 
the site. The material prosperity of the brethren enabled 
them early in the year 1881 to plan the erection of a new 
house; a plain but comfortable and substantial frame house, 
at a cost of §1,050, which was dedicated by Elder Henry R. 
Pritchard, of Indianapolis, second Lord's day in December, 
1882. Officers of the church are: Elders D. H, Heckathorn, 



216 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

Lemuel W. McMullin and James H. Fink; Deacons Green- 
ville W. Dodd and David F. Budd. Clerk and treasurer^ 
George A. Leeke. The present membership is about one 
hundred; with the sympathy of the surrounding community 
promises to be a factor in the community for good. 

CHRISTIAX CHURCH, JAMESTOWN. 

Among the first meraliers of the above church were, in th& 
year 1838, as follows : Charles Fullcn, Sarah Fullen, William 
McLean, James Martin, Mark Porter, Maiy Martin, William 
Martin, Mariah McLean, Mrs. Mark Porter, Christopher Hart- 
man, Benj. Stevens, John Gibson and wife, John Stutsmau,. 
Anna Stutsmau. The society built a frame house about the 
year 1850, which was occupied by them for a number of years, 
when, in 1870, the present structure was built, and in Septem- 
ber of that year it was duly dedicated by Elder W. R. Jewell. 
The building is a brick, well located, 40 x 65, cost §3,500, will 
seat five hundred persons. Trustees are C. F. Martin, O. H. 
Lowry, F. M. Cuningham and Richard Miller. The follow- 
ing elders have preached here : John O. Kain, Simon Farlow, 
John Harris, Thomas Lockhart, Xathan Walters, James Slerins, 
Wm. Holt, Elder Frank, B. F. Treet, Henry R. Pritehard, 
who is now the elder in charge. Number of members, one 
hundred and seventy-five. Present elders are Levi Martin, 
Samuel Cook and Stephen Dale. There is a Sabbath-scliool 
in connection, which is kept up the entire year with a good 
membership. 

PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH AT LEBANON. 

BY D. B. BANTA. 

Some faithful labor was doue in Lebanon by Presbyteriin 
clergymen previous to the state of organization. Rev. ^Sloody 
Chase, from Danville, came here to visit a sick friend, Mr. 
Burns. He remained over Sabbath and preached in the old 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 217 

log court house. This was probably the first sermon preached 
in Lebanon by a Presbyterian minister. In 1835, Rev. Clai- 
borne Young preached several times in the log court house. 
The records show that on January 3, 1840, the Lebanon Pres- 
byterian Church was organized by Rev. AYilliam Fergersou,. 
D. D., with twelve members. The following is a list of the 
names of the original members: James Richey (elder), Jane 
Richey, Henry W. McAuley, Henry Hamilton, Mary Hamil- 
ton, Deborah Schoff, Polly Ann Stephenson, Auley McAuley 
(elder), AVilliam Richey, Xancy Richey, Elvina Jamison, Robert 
McLaughey. Since then about 480 names have been added. 
The number of names on the roll at the present time is 170. 

The church has had the services of the following ministers : 
John L. Eastman, X. P. Chariot, S. X. Evans, H. W Biggs, 
Joseph Piatt, P. R. YIenater, J. L. Hawkins, J. B. Logan, C. 
K. Thompson, F. M. Symnies, J. M, Bishop, D. B. Banta. 

The first thirteen rears after the church was orsranized tlie 
congregation wor.-hij)ed in the log court house, the first brick 
court house, the county seminary (now the Bray House), and 
the Methodist Church as they could get it. In 1853 the first 
building was erected at a cost of $1,800. A debt on the church 
was paid by renting it to the county for the purpose of holding 
court in it. About the year 1872 the building was sold to the 
United Presbyterians, who afterwards sold it to the Baptists, 

The corner stone of the new building was laid September 
1; 1873. The storm which swept over the city on the evening 
of September 25, 1878, destroyed the beautiful building. The 
next day as the people viewed the ruins, such remarks as " this 
ends Presbyterianism in Lebanon," were heard. It looked 
like it. The pastor who had labored so energetically and effi- 
ciently in the erection of the new building had resigned his 
charge; the financial strength of the members of the church 
\vas exhausted; the building in ruins and a debt on it of 
'?1,500. A few days after the storm a meeting of the members 
was called to determine what to do. Plan after plan was sug- 
gessed but none adopted. Finally, when it seemed that noth- 



■218 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

ing would be accomj)lished, one member suggested that the 
pastor, I. M. Bishop, be requested to reconsider his resignation, 
and that they make the attempt to rebuild. This they deter- 
mined to do. By the little which the congregation and citi- 
zens of Lebanon could give, with the very liberal foreign aid 
from friends and the Board of Church Erection, the present 
building was erected. About §13,000 was spent on the former 
house and about §4,500 on tiie present building. 

The following is a list of the names of the trustees: B. F. 
Hammond H. L. Bynum, Henry YanNuys, R. W. Mathews. 

CHRIS riAX CHURCH, LEBANON. 

BY STEPHEN NEAL. 

The above church is in a flourishing condition, or, rather, 
a ' healthy state." Like almost every other church or society, 
h has had seasons of prosperity and of lethargy. Here there 
has been, and always will be, a ''faithful few," a "leaven," so 
to speak. Come what will, they are, and will be, the beacon 
licrht : a silver linino; to the dark clouds that necessarily come 
over human organizations or societies. The history of this 
churcli is also much like others here as well as elsewhere. 
First a few members in accord with each other met at private 
houses for worship, there being no church houses to worship 
in. We find, about 1835, a few families in and near Lebanon 
thus met, first, perhaps, at the house of James McCann. Thus 
a nucleus was formed, around which the society of to-day has 
grown. Among the early elders we find the late John Shulse 
to have been one, and who has done much to strengthen and 
encourage the few in their church relations, and to specially 
advise them. Mr. James McCann, referred to above, at an 
early day resided in Lebanon, where the meetings were held. 
Afterward the society held its. meetings at the old seminary, 
where Mrs. Bray now resides. Yet later, in the old court 
house. Among the first members composing this little band 



BOONE COUN'TY, INDIANA. 



219 



we find : James and Elizabeth McCann, Zachariah and Eliza- 
beth Paul}', Mrs. Paiily's mother, James Forsyth, John Shultz, 
Elizabeth Shultz, Thomas and Martha Kersy, Mrs. Dale. The 
first elders were Bros. McCaun, Shultz and Pauly. Soon after 
the society was fully organized they set about building a 
church on West Washington street. This was in the year 
1842 or 1843. The house was a frame, well adapted to the 
use for which it was built; served its day, and in 1866 it was 
-old to the Catholics and used by them for a place to worship. 
Immediatelv after steps were taken to build a brick church. 
The following members were chosen to act as .a building com- 
mittee: George Combs, Stephen Neal, John Adair, William 
McLean, Robert C. McCann, John M. Shulse. And in 1867 
the house was completed, at a cost of $5,000. The hou'^e is 
u-ell located, and is in every way a good building. Will seat 
600 persons ; size 40x60 feet. It was dedicated in June, 1 867, 
by the late Benjamin Franklin, of Anderson, Ind. The iol- 
lowing elders have from time to time preached here : Adam 
Harney, William Young, M. W. Council, Rev. Edmonson, 
J. S. Bicknell, S. K. Hoshour, M. B. Hopkins, John M. Shulse, 
Thomas Lockhart, John O'Cain, Lov. H. Jemison, E. O. Bur- 
gess, A. J. Hobbs, Hiram St. John Vandake, Overman. 
Elder H. R. Pritchard is now the regular elder. Present 
vlders: J. T. McCann, J. S. Trowbridge, Henry Spencer. 

PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH xVT ELIZAVILLE. 

The above church was first organized in October, 1875, 
with the following members, after a meeting was held prepar- 
atory- to its organization, the Rev. John Howks preaching a 
sermon, a committee reporting in favor of a church organiza- 
tion. This was the home mission of Crawfordsville. Xames : 
George A. Woods, May J. Woods, Dortha J. Woods, Hamil- 
ton Carr, Elizabeth A. Carr, John F. Sims, Fidelia J. Sims, 
Margaret A. Campbell, Robert E. Burns, Elizabeth J. Burns, 
Martha Campbell, Margaret Wright, W. F. Bycrs, Lewis M. 



220 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

Fitzpatriek, Xancy J. Fitzpatrick, Mary J. Carroll, A. J. 
Clossin, Nancy Byers, B. L. Chalk. The following rnling 
elders were eleoted : Hamilton Carr, George A. Woods and 
J. F. Sims. After a sermon by the llev. E. Barr, the above 
brethren were regularly inducted into office as deacons. 
Rev. E. Wood acted as moderator, and John Howks as secre- 
tary, at the above organization. 

The following have served the above society or church 
as ministers from time to time: A. K. Xaylor, Rev. J. F, 
Sims, Rev. J. L. Willson, W. T. Allen, X. F. Tuck, J. Howks, 
\V. P. Koontz, A. O. Smith ; present trustees : F. M. Ste- 
phenson, B. L. Chalk and J. Stephenson. Total number of 
members now (1887), 83. The church building, which is of 
brick, is a very handsome, substantial house, erected in 188 1. 
The following were the building committee: Bros. William 
Maze, B. L. Chalk and J. F. Sims. The house was only ded- 
icated in 1881, by Rev. S. . The cost of the 

building was seventeen hundred dollars. It is well located in 
Elizaville, and is in every way a credit to the society that 
built it. It will seat some five hundred persons. Bro. J. R. 
Chalk is the clerk, to whom we are indebted for the above 
information. 

HOPEWELL PRESBYTERIAX CHURCH. 

BY F. C. PHILLIPS. 

This church is located in Clinton Township, on the Thorn- 
town and Strawtown road and nine miles northeast of Leb- 
anon. Xo church in the county is more pleasantly situated or 
better attended. The house is a frame, 35 x 45 feet, will seat 
comfortably four hundred persons. It was built in 1852 at a 
cost of twelve hundred dollars. In April, 1837, the church 
was first organized here by the Presbytery at Crav/fordsvdle, 
Ind. The committee consisted of Revs. Hall and Samuel 
Lowrey, who met at the house of Robert Oliver, now known 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 221 

:as the Haller Farm. This was on the 17th of June, 1837, 
when Hopewell Church \\ as organized as a church (Kev. Hall 
giving the name ). The following are among the first mem- 
bers: James Adams, Jane Adams, Ephiaim Adams, Elizabeth 
Adams, Robert Oliver, James Cam[)bell, Elizabeth Campbell, 
.John AVilson, Jeremiah Cory, Mary Cory, David Vanclcve, 
Rachael Vancleve, Mai-tha ^Maxwell, James S. Hamilton, 
Elizabeth Hamilton. Mary Scott, Mary Oliver, James Strahn, 
Lucinda A\'illson, John J]erry, Mary Berry and Silas ]M. Cory. 
Rev. Mr. Hall was the first minister. The first elders were 
J. S. Hamilton, Jeremiah Cory and Ephraim Adams. In 1839 
Rev. \V. T. Ferguson was called, who succeeded Rev. Hall, 
and who served the church as pastor for a period of eight 
years. Mr. Ferguson was followed by C. K. Thompson, fol- 
lowed by Rev. Evans. Rev. Mr. Hay, a Cumberland Presby- 
terian minister, preached here three years. F. M. Syramcs, J.. 
M. Bishop and D. B. Banta ; the last named is the present 
minister and by his labors the church has been greatly blessed. 
Hopewell is now one of the strong churches of the county. 
When first organized the members were few and comparatively 
poor; first built a log house in which to worship and occupied 
it until it was too small to hold the congregation^ which 
necessitated the building of the pre-ent beautiful house. The 
members contributed so liberally that only one hundred dol- 
lars was unpaid when the house was completed. -^John L. 
Bunton, so long a valued member, and who served as an elder, 
over forty years, stands as a worthy monument to this church. 
He was, at his own request, relieved as elder a few years ago, 
but is yet an active member. The first trustees were John L. 
Bunton-, Hamilton Carr and Alexander Caldwell. I have 
given all the history I can get, as the records have not been 
kept as well as they ought to have been. The society is in a 
healthy condition at this writing. There is a cemetery adjoin- 
ing on the east, where many of the former members are buried. 
^Others have moved away. 



222 EART.Y LIFE AND TIMES IX 

SALEM U. PRESBYTERIAN' CHURCH, OR MUD 
CREEK CHURCH IX CLIXTOX TOWXSHIP. 

The above church was organized on Mud Creek, in Clinton 
Township, on October 7, 1837, and soon after a log house was 
built which served the society as a place of meeting up to the 
building of the present house in 1854, costing about one thou- 
sand dollars. The building is a very good frame; will seat 
nearly five hundred persons. John H. Reynolds organized 
the first church with the following members: Hugh Wylie, 
Jacob Hopkins and wife, Robert Stephenson and wife, Isaac 
Hopkins and wife, J. M. Burns and wife, Mary Wylie, ]Mary 
Burns, Sarah Stephenson, A. B. Clark and wife, J. H. Sample 
and wife, Isabelle Sample. J. H. Bonner was the first settled 
minister here; the following were the first elders: J. M. 
Burns, E. B. Clark and J. H. Sample. The above church is 
in a healthy condition at this time (1886), and has for over 
forty years been a popular place to church goers. The ceme- 
tery adjoining is well located, and where many pioneers are 
sleeping. The first burial here was ]SIr. Robert Stephenson, 
who was killed by a falling tree in 1837. The following min- 
isters have served this society : J. H. Bonner, R. R. Coon, J. 
D. Glenn, J. R. Bell, J. P. Wright, James ^McCrea, Chancy 
Murch, S. H. McDill, who is now the pastor. The present 
membership is seventy-eight. Sessions clerk, ]Moses Turner; 
church clerk, Robert Stephenson. Present elders are as fol- 
lows : Hugh R. Wylie, Dr. Brand, William Stephenson. 
James Mulligan, Joseph M. Sample, John F.Crawford, Trus- 
tees, W. H. Wylie, R. S. Stephenson, James M. Turner. 

LUTHERAN CJIURCH AT WHITESTOWX. 

BY REV. J. C. BARB. 

Among the religious denominations of Boone County, the 
Evangelical Lutheran Church, at Whitestown, deserves special 
mention. About the year 1834, Rev. E. S. Henkle organized 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 22S 

a congregation of Lutherans east of Whitestown. This congre- 
gation was composed of John Good, Sr., Adam Catron, John 
Neese, Solomon Xeese, Daniel Buck, John Peters, Jacob Ditz- 
enberger, John Miller, Peter Keslerig and their families. 
This congregation first worshiped in the house of John Good, 
Sr., next under a shed that stood on the ground where the 
Lutheran Church now is. They also worshiped for a time in 
a school house that stood on the same ground. About the 
year 1840 they built a log house 30x24 feet, in wdiicli they 
held religious services for many years. That log house at this 
writing still stands, although it is in a very dilapidated condition. 
Old settlers tell us that the congregations which assembled here 
to worship God were often so large that they were necessitated 
to hold services in the grove. The people came to this place 
of worship from all parts of the surrounding county, some on 
foot, some on horseback and some in farm wagons, for in that 
day of mud roads, buggies and spring wagons were not in use. 
The first person that was buried near this church was Daniel 
Buck, about the year 1834. This denomination of christians, 
by additions to the church, increased to such an extent that in 
the year 1851, Revs. J. A. Rudisill and J. Good organized a 
congregation in a log house that stood on the farm of Ambrose 
Neese, in the southeast part of what is now known as Whites- 
town. They worshiped in this house for a short time, then, 
by permission granted them, worshiped in a log church house 
in the northeast part of said town. Soon, however, they built 
a laro:e frame buildino; which was known as the Lutheran 
Church until the year 1868, when the present commodious, 
substantial and comfortable brick building, known by the name 
of St. Mark's Evangelical Lutheran Church, was erected. This 
church stands in a convenient part of the town, and its mem- 
bership is composed of many of the leading citizens of Worth 
Township. The early Lutheran ministers of this section of the 
country were Revs. Henkle, Rudisill, Good, Grounds and 
Livengood. Since their day the church has been served by 
Revs. M. S. Stirewalt, Jacob Wesner, C. L. Laucr and J. G. 



224 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

M. Hursh. The present pastor is Rev. J. C. Barb, who was 
•called to the work in 1883. But few of the original members 
are now living. The church is said to be in a prosperous con- 
dition. The church roll contains one hundred and eighty-five 
names. 

PJ.EASANT VIEW CHURCH. (NEWLIGHT.) 

The above church was first organized in Jefferson Town- 
ship in 1836. The meetings at first were held at private 
houses. It was at the house of Adam Kern where the meet- 
ing was held looking towards an organization. A man by the 
name of Myers, from Montgomery County, proposed to come 
on the 6th of November, 1836, to take the initiatory steps to 
that end. But it seems he did not come, but Benjamin 
Beeman came in his stead. This good old man not only came, 
but, it seems, remained, and from time to time prcaclied for 
them for over twenty years. The following are the eight 
names composing the first persons who became members at 
that time : Adam Kern, James rlall, Jane Hall, Arice Pauly, 
John Bowcn, John Pauly and Miles Hall, all of whom are 
dead except Arice Pauly and James Kern, and who attended 
the fiftieth anniversary of the church Nov. 6, 1886, on which 
occasion a good time was had and over 1,000 persons attended. 
Near 1,000 persons' names have been enrolled on the church 
book here from first to last — hundreds have died, otheis have 
moved away. There are now over 140 members enrolled, 
and Pleasant View is in a flourishing condition, and has done 
untold good in the neighborhood. Its work has gone out. 
Many who first joined here have become useful members of 
other churches, while the good work goes on here. The 
pre-ent house Avas built in 1870, at a cost of $1,500. It is 
40x60 feet, and will seat 500 persons. The following are the 
trustees: Barton Hall, James Bowen and Cornelius Riggins. 
The following have served as church clerks: Adam Kern, 
A. H. Hill, A. D. Beck, Dreury Jackson, G. E. Bowen and 



/ 






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■f 



\ 




'*^-« 



// 



'-y 



DR. WILLIAM D. STARKEY. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 225 

Samuel H. Huckstep. Bros. Kern and Jackson are deceased. 
The following have served as deacons : Bros. Adam Kern, 
John Bowen, Arice Pauly, H. B. Kern, James Mount, Barton 
Caldwell, C. M. Kiggins, A. D. Beck, Jacob Harlara ; the last 
three are the present deacons (1886). There is also a flourish- 
ing Sunday-school kept up a good part of the year at this 
church. Also, a cemetery adjoins, where many of the former 
members are buried. The first buried here was in the year 
1841. This well-known house is on the road leading from 
Lebanon to Dover, six miles from the former and three from 
the latter place. 

OLD UNION CHRISTIAN CHURCH. 

BY F. M. TROTTER. 

The above popular church is located in Jackson Township, 
five miles northeast of Jamestown and nine miles southwest of 
Lebanon, and one and one-half miles south of Ward, on Eel 
River. The church was first o'-ganized 1838 by Benjamin 
'' Beeman. The ceremonies took place in a barn. A log house 
was soon built on the site where the present house now stands, 
which served them long and well. The following members 
belonged to the first organization as follows : Thomas Spencer, 
Sarah Spencer, Squire Dale, Elizabeth Dale, James Myers, 
Evalin Myers, .John H. Nelson, ^lary Nelson, Thomas Scott, 
J. Dinsmore, Elizabeth Dinsmore. Thomas Spencer gave the 
land on which the old and present houses were erected, and 
also the beautiful cemetery just west, and where many of the 
former members are buried. The following ministers have 
labored here from time to time: Benjamin Beeman, Thomas 
Quillen, Samuel Deinwoody, L. W. Bannon, Jonathan Mariin, 
A. L. Carney. In 1860 the present house was built, a frame 
40x60, but costing sixteen hundred dollars. It will seat six 
hundred persons, and is in every way a credit to the society 
that built it. It was dedicated on the fourth Sabbath in Octo- 
15 



226 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES. 

ber, 1886, by Elder Thomas Carr. Since its dedication the 
following ministers have served the chnrch as follows : Jona- 
than Martin, A. L. Carney, Jesse Parey, Henry Kincaid, E. 
D. Simmons, A. J. Akers and F. M. Trotter, who is now the 
pastor in charge. Of the eleven pastors five have joined the 
silent majority. The following are deacons : William AVilhite, 
I. P. Heady, O. B. Pratt, Lewis Nicely and Wm. Reese. The 
trustees are Elisha Jackson, William Reese. The church has 
had on its rolls five hundred members since its organization; 
present number of members one hundred and fifty. The society 
is at this writing (1887) in a healthy condition under the pas- 
torship of F. M. Trotter, who kindly furnished the above. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 



. JOHN AIRHART. 

This old veteran Mas born in Virginia, August 24, 1814, and 
was a son of Peter Airhart. John was married to Catharine 
Loop the 7th day of January, 1841, in Jefferson Township, 
Boone County. Mrs. Airhart was the daughter of Christian 
and Eva Loop, who were also pioneers of Boone County, com- 
ing as early as 1834. Mr. Loop died in 1879, aged ninety 
years; Mrs. Loop died in 1866; both ara buried at the Provi- 
dence Cemetery, in Jefferson Township. John Airhart's par- 
ents are also buried at the same cemetery. John Airhart, the 
subject of this sketch, was among the early citizens of Jefferson 
Township. He came October 6, 1834. Has resided on his 
present farm since 1842. He drove a team from Virginia, and 
on arriving here found but little to encourage him. Their 
neiglibors were few and far between, but those few were social 
'in the extreme. Some of his happiest days were spent in his 
"cabin" home in the woods. Mr. Airhart is a good citizen 
and enjoys the confidence of his neighbors. His active days, 
however, are over. He and his aged companion are quietly 
living at home, having went through life in all its phases :' 
have had their joys and sorrows like others who were pioneers. 
There was born to them two children, Eva Elizabeth, born 
10th of December, 1 841 ; she was married to Franklin Wheatly 
November 7th, 1857. The other child died in infancy. Mrs. 
Airhart belongs to the Christian Church. In person Mr. Air- 
hart is tall, dark hair and complexion. 



228 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 



HENRY AIRHART. 



Mr. A. was born in Augusta County, Va., October 5, 
1825. He was the son of Peter and Elizabeth Airhart. 
Henry came to Jackson Township, Boone County, in the fall 
of 1834, where he has ever since resided, and where he owns 
a fine farm and enjoys the confidence of the people he has so 
long lived among. He has served three terms as Township 
Trustee, to the entire satisfaction of the people. By trade he 
is a carpenter, but by choice has spent most of his time on the 
farm. Henry is one of fourteen children who came to tnis 
county, seven of whom are now living, and seven have joined 
the silent majority with their parents. Peter Airhart died 
in February, 1857. Henry was married to Rhody M. Beck 
in April, 1846. One child was born to them. Mrs. A. died 
January 15, 1850, when he again married Miss Mary M. 
Golliday in January, 1856. Seven children were born to 
them, as follows : Rodelphia E., married to Z. M. McCarty ; 
Luella M., married to John Dean; C. G, Airhart, married to 
Adda Canine; V. G. Airhart, resides at home ; Adia R., mar- 
ried to "Walter ^Y. Coones; Loretta A., married to J. C. Ashly ; 
Lora, deceased. All the above children reside in Jackson 
Township, except Mr. and Mrs. Dean, who reside in Jefferson 
Township. Henry Airhart belongs to the Baptist Church, 
and is a stanch Democrat, first, last, and all the time. 

FREDERICK BREXDELL. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Xorth Carolina at 
the close of the last century. Was married, about the year 
1820, to Catherine Miller. Came to and settled on Little 
Eagle Creek when the county was new, and near the Boone 
County line, where he owned a large tract of land, and one 
pf the finest farms in that part of the country. About the 
3'ear 1842 he built a brick residence-— one of the very first on 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 



229 



the creek. He was, as well as his first wife, members of the 
Eagle Creek Eegular Baptist Church, and perhaps two of the 
original members. He, many years ago, 1848, sold goods at 
his home, and also was a blacksmith, both of which were great 
conveniencies to the new county. He died about fifteen years 
ago, in the highest esteem of all who knew him, and is buried 
in the cemetery on his farm. He is the father of Permains 
and Edward Brendell, two Xo. 1 men, and who live on or near 
the old home farm. Both are members of the Christian 
Church at Little Eagle Creek, near their homes. Permains 
was first married to Miss King, the second time to Miss Stultz, 
daughter of Thomas Stultz. Edward married Charity Stultz, 
sister of M. P. Brendell's second wife. Edward lives in the 
old house built by his father, and owns all, or a part of the old 
homestead. M. P. Brendell lives a short distance east, where 
he owns a fine farm. Both are engaged in stock-raising, as 
well as being engaged in agricultural pursuits. They are just 
in the prime of life, near fifty-five and fifty years, respectively. 
Frederick Brendell, the subject of this sketch, was three times 
married, but the names or dates we have not at our command. 

BENJAMIN BOOHER. 

The subject of this sketch is a German by lineage, but an 
American by birth, education and life. His grandparents 
came from Germany to this country in the latter part of the 
seventeenth century, and settled first in the western part of 
Pennsylvania, and afterward in Virginia. Their son Jacob, 
the father of the subject of this sketch, married Elizabeth Bar-- 
net in the early part of the present century, and settled in 
Sullivan County, East Tennessee. Jacob Booher was the 
father of twelve children, of which Benjamin, the subject of 
this sketch, is next to the youngest. He is also one of the 
three surviving children. 

Benjamin Booher was born in Sullivan County, East Ten- 
nessee, September 5, 1821, and when he was thirteen years old 



230 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

his father moved, with his family, to Montgomery County, 
Indiana, and settled two miles east of the present site of Dar- 
lington, where many of his descendants yet live, an honored 
and well- to-do people. 

Much credit is due the Booher families for making the 
country in that immediate vicinity what it now is — productive, 
beautiful, and possessing all the qualities of a good neighbor- 
hood. 

Benjamin Booher received his education when there were 
not such facilities as we now have. The school building that 
he attended was an open log cabin without any floor but the 
earth. The benches were made of round logs split once, with 
diverging pins in the ends for supports. The chimney occu- 
pied cne entire end of the house. The writing desk was a 
wide beard laid on sloping pins in a log on ona side of the 
cabin: The pens used in writing were made from the la-ge 
featheis of geese and buzzards. The teacher and the methods 
of teaching were as novel as the house. Such is a brief de- 
'script'cL of the school that Mr. Booher attended. Although 
his education was limited, yet he so improved it that with 
the g(. ^d native talents with which he is blessed he is fully 
qualified for the transactions of the ordinary business of life. 
He is a good reader, and keeps himself well informed on the 
various subjects pertaining to the interest of the common citi- 
zen. He is a pioneer, and one of the leading citizens ot 
Boone County. 

On the 20th day of October, 1842, Mr. Booher was united 
in marriage to Miss Margaret Beeler, whose parents came 
from East Tennessee to Indiana only a few weeks before Mr. 
Booher arrived. 

* Mrs. Booher was born in East Tennessee, January 11, 
1823. Her grandparents on her father's side came irom 
Switzerland ; on her mother's side from Ireland. Mrs. Boo- 
her's advantages for an education were similar to those of 
Mr. Booher, for they attended the same school. The result ot 
their marriage is twelve children, in the following order: 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 231 

Martha, Margaret E., William J., single and at home ; Al- 
bert L., departed this life at the age of 4 months; Benjamin 
C, married to Miss Martha J.White, November 4. 1870; 
after her decease he was married to Miss Clara M. Dooley, 
November 21, 1886. He resides near Ziousville, Ind. He 
was elected County Commissioner in November, 1884. Syl- 
vester C, single, resides in Kansas Gity. Vando L., married 
to Miss Elma O. Schooler, resides in Perry Township, Boone 
County, Ind. Ada, married to S. N. Cragun, resides in Leb- 
anon, Ind. Mark A., married to Miss Elma F. Hoggins, 
resides in Worth Township, Boone County, Ind. Emma R., 
single, at home. Daniel W. Y., married to Miss L. Elsie 
Barb, resides one mile east of Whitestown, Ind. Minnie M., 
married to Leander W. Tomlinson, resides one mile south of 
Whitestown, Ind. 

Mr. and Mrs. Booher are still living and enjoying good 
health. 

Mr. Booher is one of the early pioneers of this country. 
He endured the hardships and privations common to the early 
settlers of a country. When he and Mrs. Booher started out 
to battle with the realities of life they had but little of the 
necessaries to make life comfortable. Their culinary depart- 
ment was not filled with such things as we find in a pantry of 
to-day. They had one oven, one iron pot, three pewter plates, 
three knives and forks, two cups and saucers and a few other 
things common among the pioneers of this country. 

In the year 1845, Mr. Booher moved to where he now 
resides, one-half mile south of Whitestown, Boone County, 
Ind. This country was then, to a great extent, a wilderness 
and much of it under water. Mr. Booher killed wild ducks 
in a pond where Whitestown now stands. He purchased 
ninety acres of land which, at the time, was covered with a 
dense forest hitherto unmolested by the woodman's ax. He 
could see nothing before him but a life of toil, but with that 
determination that characterizes the successful man, he entered 
upon the arduous task of felling timber, clearing land, rolling 



232 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

logs and cultivating the soil, laboring from early morn until 
dewy eve under the disadvantages incident to all the early 
settlers. 

Mr. Booher, by industry, perseverance, economy and good 
management, accumulated a considerable amount of wealth. 
He owns several farms, aggregating several hundred acres of 
productive land. He ranks with the leading financial men of 
the county. For his success in this particular he deserves 
much credit. He was not a lazy loiterer, who expected a 
streak of good luck to come to him. He knew that honest 
endeavor weaves the web of life, turns the wheel of fortune, 
amasses wealth and keeps one permanently rich. Mr. Boo- 
her's indomitable will and inflexible purpose, linked with 
courage to work for an honest living, led to his financial suc- 
cess. ('Men who do not go out into the great field of human 
exertion, but wait for success to come to them, are the men 
who, for the most part, are at the bottom of dishonesty and 
corruption. Lazy men hate the rich and always have hated 
them. They never emulate their energy, industry and econ- 
omy, and hence deserve no help from them. Laziness has 
cravings for vices which lead to untold misery. 

Mr. Booher did, until late years, vote with the Democratic 
party. His first vote for president was cast for James K. 
Polk. He is now in sympathy with the National party. He 
became somewhat disgusted at the management and the politi- 
cal machinery of the two leading parties, and like Shadrach, 
Meshach and Abednego, he refuses to bow to the images they 
set up, or to dance to their music. He protests against the 
despotism of American politics, and claims that at conven- 
tions, at the ballot-box and everywhere, without hindrance and 
without malediction, men shall vote as they think best, keep- 
ing in view the common interest of the people of the nation. 
He does his own reading and thinking, and votes and acts 
accordingly. 

As a financier Mr. Booher has but few equals, as is evi- 
denced by his financial success and history. He never made 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 23 S 

a mistake in his judgment as to his o'.vn financial affairs. His 
judgment in regard to the finances of our great nation has 
not as yet been fully tested. He has a right to his opinion 
and to the adv^ocacy of it both by speech and ballot. In 
another part of this work will be found a portrait of Mr. 
Booher. 

JOHN M. BALL. 

Quite prominent among the people of Boone County is the 
person's name at the head of this sketch, he being a sou of 
Adrin and Mary Ball, he being of German descent and 
she of English. Mr. Ball's parents came from Tennessee 
to Boone County at a very early day, settling near Thorn- 
town in 1831. Was born in Sugar Creek Township, of 
this county, January 20, 1833. He was united in marriage to 
Miss Mary A. Case, February 14. 1857. With him she has 
proven herself a worthy and faithful companion, the result of 
this marriage being one child, Carrie, who married Alfred H. 
Allen, son of Rev. Allen. Mr. Ball was so unfortunate as to 
lose one of his limbs; was hurt at school in 1851, and from 
that time on it bothered him until inflammation set in, and in 
May, 1872, had it amputated. His occupation has been that 
of farming until 1868, when he went in the grain business at 
Thorn town with Alfred Burk. This partnership lasted for 
about two years. He was nominated by the Democratic party 
for the auditor's office, to which he was elected by an over- 
whelming majority when the county was about three to four 
hundred Republican, and was elected again in 1882, which 
term he has just finished. This shows Mr. Ball's standing 
with the people of Boone County. He has been a very liberal 
patron to the secret orders of the county, belonging to the 
Masons, Odd Fellows, Red Men, Knights of Pythias and 
Knights of Labor. Mr. Ball was elected president of the 
Agricultural Association in 1878, which he filled satisfac- 
torily for about four years. His sympathies have always been 



'234 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

with that of the farmer. Politically speaking, he has always 
been a straight oat Democrat, and what offices have been be- 
stowed upon him have been very satisfactorily filled. 

CALEB S. BEACH 

Was born in Butler County, Ohio, March 5, 1814. Was 
raarried to Mariah Rosaboni 7th of November, 1839, born 
March 5, 1820. Came to Boone County in 1853, settling in 
Washington Township, near Mechaniesburg. Mr. and Mrs. 
Beach belong to the United Brethren Church. Their chil- 
dren's names are as follows : Joseph H., born January 
30, 1884, married to Rachel Bennett. Mary, married to 
Nicholas Bennett, born, ^May 1, 1842. Phebe, born Decem- 
ber 22, 1843, died July 20, 1849, buried in Ohio. Cath- 
arine, born April 7, 1845, died July 20, 1849, buried al^o 
in Ohio. Martha, born November 28th, 1846, died August 
4,1849. Sarah, born July 29, 1848, was married to John 
Bennett; resides in Sugar Creek. Clarkson, born January 
10, 1851, married to Annie Rodgers; live in Kirkland, Indi- 
ana. Emeline, born November 22, 1852, married to Thomas 
Bennett. Resides in Kansas. Joseph H. was in the army, 
Fifty-fourth Regiment. All the deceased members are buried 
in Ohio. 

GREENBURY BUNTON 

Was born in Nichoal County, Kentucky, March 22, 181*, 
united in marriage to Melvina Harrison, Feb. 24, 1848. The 
following are their children's names: Newton H, resides near 
his father, Wm. W., in Clinton County. Mrs. Bunton died 
in 1852; is buried in Clinton County. Mr. Bunton was 
again married to Martha A. Ham, October 9, 1865. Jessie 
D., married to Fillmore L. Potts, resides at home ; Mattie G. 
died at the age of three years ; buried at the Bunton Cemetery. 
Mr. Bunton has resided on his farm since 1834, on the north 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 235 

side of Sugar Creek, near the Clinton County line, in Wash- 
ington Township, one and one-half miles west of Mechanics- 
burg. His father's name was James Bunton, his mother's 
name was Susan Benson, who died in Kentucky. Mr. James 
Bunton died in 1845; is buried at the Bethel Cemetery. Mr. 
Bunton was a member of the Christian Church. 

JOHN L. BUNTIN. 

This grand old pioneer was born in Nicholas County, Ken- 
tucky, October 10, 1805. Was married to Sarah Riley, April 
23, 1828, in Kentucky. Came to Boone in 1829, where he 
entered his land, and moved on it in 1835. He is yet living 
at the advanced age of eighty-two years. The following are 
the names of the children by the first marriage: Elizabeth 
married to William Haller, reside in Kansas. Mary, died in 
infancy. Martha E., married to William Brown, reside in 
Lebanon. Julia A., died at the age of four years. John died 
at the age of nine years. James R., resides in Lebanon, mar- 
ried to Mary Pauly. Nancy, married to Urbin McKinsey, 
reside in Noblesville, Indiana. Mr. Buntin was the second 
time married to Nancy Stephenson, January 12, 1862. Child 
is named Annie and the only one lives at home. Mr. B. is a 
member of the Presbyterian Church. Also his wife. Mr. B. 
joined in 1839, has been an elder more than forty years. He 
lives on the land he entered, on the line between Clinton and 
Washington townships. He is regarded as one of the best 
men in the county. All honor to this good old pioneer. 

SOL. W. BECK. 

Mr. Beck was born in North Carolina, January 4, 1823. 
Son of John Beck, who came to Boone County in 1829. S. 
W. Beck was then in his seventeenth year. His wife, Marga- 
rette Pauly, was born in Tennessee, December 7, 1823. Came 
"with her parents to this county when seven years of age. Mr. 



236 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

and Mrs. Beck were married January 11, 1843, in Boone 
County, near where they now live, in Washington Township, 
six miles north of Lebanon and one and one-half miles west 
of Pike's crossing. Mr. and Mrs. Beck, as wx'll as all the 
children, are members of the M. E. Church. When camping 
we stopped at this pleasant home, where kindness and hospi- 
tality reigned supreme. The following are their children's 
names: Sarah E., married to J. Q. Colston; the second time 
to Mr. Holliugsworth, reside in Washington Township. Juda 
E., married to William Powell, reside in Washington Town- 
ship. Susan F., married to H. M. Burcaw, reside in Clinton 
township. Mary A., married to Elton B. Hollingsworth, 
reside on the home farm. Anna L., married to William Rob- 
erts, reside in Washington Township. Two children died in 
infancy and are buried at Bethel Cemetery in Washington 
Township. Mrs. Beck was the daughter of the late Joseph 
Pauly, one of the pioneers of Boone County. 

SAMPSOX BOWEN. 

This sturdy old pioneer first looked out on this beautiful 
world in Harrison County, Kentucky, Aug. 19, 1818. When a 
boy of eighteen he arrived in this county, and was joined by his 
parents here three years after. Their names were Frances. 
Sarah G. Bowen, who died August 20, 1867, and July 19, 
1874, respectively. They are buried at Pleasant View Ceme- 
tery. Sampson Bowen was married to Mary A. Burk April 
11, 1844, daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth Burk and sister 
of Dr. George L. Burk, of Jamestown. Mrs. Burk, mother 
of Mr. Bowen, died September 24, 1839. Mrs. Burk died 
February 27, 1868. Buried at the Erskin Cemetery. The 
following are the names of Sampson Bowen's children : Geo. 
E., born March 7, 184G. Albert C, born December 7, 1847. 
Armilda M., born July 2, 1849, died 1853. Emily J., born 
January 19, 1851, died Septem^ber 1853. James C, born 
May 9, 1853, died September 27, 1853. Maretta, born July 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 237 

25, 1858; married to Samuel Huckstep November 9, 1876. 
Mr. and Mrs. Boweu belong to the Christian Church, and are 
a grand old couple, know all about pioneer life. They live at 
home in their old days, about one mile southeast of Dover, in 
Jefferson township, where they are highly respected by both 
old and young. To them the writer is indebted for favors 
shown while, canvassing for the "Early Life and Times in 
Boone County." 

HENRY I. BENNETT 

Was born in "Warren County, Ohio, June 24, 1823, and came 
to Boone County, Ind., in October, 1844, locating in Clinton 
Township, ^Yas married to Sarah Witham, in AVarren County, 
Ohio, December 23, 1843. The following are their childrens' 
names : Robert, died in Andersonville Prison in October, 
1864; Martha C, married to Marion Pavy, reside in Kirk- 
Tand, Ind. ; Mary A., married to George D. Hardesty, reside 
in Kansas ; Rachael, married to Joseph Beach, reside in Wash- 
ington Township ; Nicholas E., married to Ida M. Anderson, 
reside in Kansas; John W., married to Mattie Dewall, live on 
the farm ; Silas W., married to Elizabeth McLance, live with 
the old folks on the farm ; Henry M., died in infancy; Rozella, 
married to Charles Kersy, reside in Smith County, Kan. ; 
Adia A., married to Lewis K. Holmes, reside in Clinton 
County, Ind. Mr. B. served sixteen years as j ustice of the peace 
in his township. Has joined in marriage and preached more 
sermons than almost any other man in the county. He has 
spent much time in the study of the Scriptures, and is well 
informed. Mr. B. was also one of the pioneer school teachers, 
having taught in this and Clinton Townships for a number of 
years. Mr. and Mrs. Bennett are a deserving couple and 
know all about pioneer life. At their friendly home they 
have entertained many since their coming to this county. 
They have lived to see the woods cleared away, and well-cul- 
tivated fields rise in every direction ; the log cabin displaced, 
and the more comfortable buildings take their place. While 



238 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

getting material for this work it was our good fortune to stop 
with this good old pioneer couple, and to listen to the interest- 
ing recitals of hardships endured by them. In person, Mr. B. 
is rather under the medium size and of fair complexion. Long 
may this couple live to enjoy the fruits of their toil. Mr. B. 
lives in the north part of the county, two miles east of 
Mechanicsburg, and one mile south of Clinton County line. 

ANDREW BURXS. 

This pioneer was born in Nicholas County, Ky., July 18, 
1820. Came to Boone County in the year 1850. First settled 
in Clinton Township, where he has since resided, and where 
he owns a fine farm, made by his own hands. He has fine 
buildings; takes delight in following his chosen profession; is 
a sterling Democrat of the Jetfersonian style. His companion 
in life was formerly Nancy Laurence, daughter of John R. 
and Jane Laurence. Mr. and Mrs. B. were married June 22, 
1854. The following are the names of their children; 
Mary J., died aged ten years, and is buried in Salem Cemetery, 
in Clinton Township; John F., lives at home; Eliza A., mar- 
ried to Emsly Ham ; William C, married to Fannie Rouse, 
reside in Clinton Township; Oliver L., lives at home. Two 
of their children died in infancy, and are buried in Salem 
Cemetery. Both Mr. and Mrs. Burns belong to the Presby- 
terian Church. Mr. B.'s parents' names were William and 
Isabella, who were early settlers in Clinton Township, and are 
buried in Salem Cemetery. Mrs. B.'s parents are buried in 
Robinson Cemetery, in Center Township. 

JOHN M. BURNS. 

Mr. Burns, one of the pioneers of Boone County, was born 
in the state of Kentucky, on the 6th of May, in the year 1816. 
He was married to Miss S. A. Wylie in 1842. Miss Wylie 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 239 

was born also in Kentucky, February 12, 1823. They came 
to Booue County in the year 1834, settling in Clinton Town- 
ship. Mrs. Burns died December 17, 1852. She is buried at 
Salem Church Cemetery. The following are the names of 
their children : Eliza J., born May 31, 1847, married to 
James A. Powell, February 27, 1868, reside in Clinton Town- 
ship where they ow'n a fine farm ; Joseph A., married to Anna 
Paxton, reside in Kansas. Mr. Burns was again married to 
Mary Stephenson, who was born in Kentucky. The following 
are the names of his children by this marriage : Henry C, Mary 
A., Lola Q. (deceased). Mr. Burns now resides in Kansas. 
He was one of the prominent men of the county since 1836. 
Served as county surveyor many years with entire satisfaction. 
Also township trustee of Clinton Township for eight terms. 
See his portrait on another page. 

HIRAM BRENTOX. 

Mr. Brenton is one among the early settlers of Clinton 
Township, coming as early as 1835. He was married to 
Rachael Wylie, July 4, 1836. Mr. Brenton has resided a 
long time in Clinton Township. The town of Elizavilie was 
at one time a part of his farm. In person Mr. Brenton is tall, 
well made, six feet high, and has been an iron man, has done 
a great deal of hard work. He and his wife have underwent 
hardships unknown to those now living and enjoying the 
fruits of their labor. Mr. and Mrs. Brenton are members of 
the United Presbyterian Church at Mud Creek. The follow- 
ing are their children's names: Elizabeth C, Oliver and 
Samuel. Elizabeth married to B. B. Batts ; Oliver and Sam- 
uel reside at home, the latter married to Ola Cary. Three of 
their children died in infancy. Buried at the Salem Cemetery 
in Clinton Township. 



240 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 



JOHN BECK 



Mr. Beck was born in North Carolina in the year 1800, 
and on the 29th flay of September of that year. He was mar- 
ried to Juliet Shiuall. Mr. Beck came to Union County, lud., 
in the year 1811, remained there until 1836, when he became 
a citizen of Boone County, settling three and one-half miles 
northwest of Lebanon, and there resided until his death, Octo- 
ber 13, 1876. He was one of the pioneers of the county, and 
-all through life a worthy citizen and prominent member of the 
Regular Baptist Church for over fifty years. His wife also 
«ame when quite young to Union County, where they were 
married about the year 1820. Mrs. Beck was born in the year 
1799. She also was for over fifty years a member of the Bap- 
tist Church, and as well as her husband, was a regular attend- 
ant of that church. She died August 3, 1875, at her home, 
three and one-half miles northwest of Lebanon, where, also, 
Mr. Beck died, and near where they lived so long, and where 
their be't days were spent and where they were well known 
and loved so well. They are buried at the Beck Cemetery, 
and where loving hands have erected monuments to their 
memory. They knew all about pioneer life, and in their early 
home in Union County before Indiana was a state they battled 
with a frontier life, and had at one time to take refuge in a 
block house from the hostile Indians. When they arrived in 
this county in 1836 the county was quite new. They were 
then in their prime, with strong hands and a determination to 
make a home in this new country, they with hard toil and 
patience succeeded, and at the close of life at a good old age, 
had plenty to bless them with. They raised a large family of 
thirteen children, most of whom reside in this county, and 
like their parents, are highly esteemed as good men and wo- 
men. The following are their names : Elizabeth P., married 
to W. R. Taylor (she is deceased). Abner, married to Martha 
Preston, resides in Union County, Ind. Sol. W., married to 












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DR. JESSE S. REAGAIS. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 241 

Margaret Pauly, resides in Washiugtou Township. William, 
married to Sarah Witt, both deceased. John F., married to 
Kitty A. Kersey, reside in Center township. Samuel L., 
married to Eliza Pauly, reside in Worth Township. Anthony, 
married to Mary J. Hinton, reside in Washington Township. 
Jackson, married to Elvy A. Pauly, reside in Lebanon. Mary 
H., married to Robert Kerns; she is deceased. George, mar- 
ried to Arminta M. Phillips, reside in Center Township. 
Louisa J. deceased. Zachariah deceased. Susan A., married 
to Montgomery Remington, resides in Nebraska. 

Mr. has 76 grandchildren, and 104 great grandchildren, 
living and deceased. 

A. J. BOONE. 

Mr. Boone, a descendant of the noted pioneer of Kentucky, 
was during his lifetime an active, influeiitial citizen of Boone 
County. His father, Benjamin Boone, was born in Kentucky, 
resided there up to 1827, when he removed to Preble County, 
Ohio, and in 1834 came to Rush County, Ind. In 1838 he 
removed to Boone County, Ind. A. J. Boone, the subject of 
this sketch, was born in Preble County, Ohio. July 17, 1820. 
In 1841 he was elected county auditor, serving until 1843, In 
early life he decided to become a lawyer, and in the year 1848 
AVas licensed to practice, having previously engaged in school 
teaching in Leavenworth, Kansas, and Lebanon, Ind. In 
1851, he was married to Mary E. McLaughlin, daughter of the 
late James ^IcLaughlin, an early citizen of the county. In 
1849, and up to 1853, he was assistant clerk of the house of 
representatives of Indiana. As an attorney, he rose rapidly, 
and became a successful practitioner, not only at the bar of 
Lebanon and adjoining county seats, but at the bar of the 
Supreme Court. He was one of the prime movers in estab- 
lishing the Boone County Pioneer in Lebanon. He was also 
among the first advocates of a county fair, and served as direc- 
tor and stockholder many years. In 1873 he was elected to 
16 



242 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

the state senate from Boone County, where he served with 
credit four years. He was associated in the practice of law 
with R. W. Harrison, of Lebanon, during which time he 
resided on his farm, four miles southeast of Lebanon, walking to 
and from his office almost daily ; this to gain his failing health. 
All through life in his various pursuits, in private and public, 
he was active and industrious. While the profession of the 
law was an honor to him, he was an honor to it, never stoop- 
ing to low, dishonorable actions. He died at his home in the 
county July 12, 1875. Mr. Boone was a member of the 
Christian Church. His widow resides on the farm, and for 
the past few years has been an invalid. After Mr. Boone 
died, Mrs. Boone married Mr. Harper, with whom she lived 
up to his death in 1814. Mrs. Harper died February 18, 1887. 

ANTHONY BECK. 

One of the most prominent men of the county is the one 
whose name heads this short and imperfect sketch. He is the 
son of John Beck, one of the pioneers of Boone County, both of 
whom were born in North Carolina. Anthony Beck was born 
May 15, 1831. His wife, Mary J. Hinton, was born Novem- 
ber 31, 1831. They were married September "27, 1849. The 
following are his children's names: Martha E., born July 27, 
1850, married March 17, 1870; died April 22, 1870. Jwhn 
Beck was born December 23, 1851 ; William R., born Febru- 
ary 14, 1854; Alonzo, born November 24, 1855; he died in 
1867; Leander, born May22, 1857 ; Francis M. , born August 
17, 1860 ; Anthony ^Y., born August 17, 1862 ; Sarah E , born 
August 25, 1865; Anna L., born December 1, 1867; Charles 
R., born December 20, 1869, died, August, 1873 ; Albert, born 
November 17, 1871 ; Lena M., born February 10, 1876. Mr. 
Beck is among the most prosperous men in the county. He 
owns nearly three hundred acres of land in Washington Town- 
ship, where he lives, one mile and a half west of Pike's Cross- 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. !^4S 

ing, where he has a fine residence and well fixed to live. Long 

may he live to enjoy his well earned property. Has given 
his children twelve thousand dollars. 



FRANCIS MARION BUSBY 

Whose portrait appears on another page, was for many years 
one of the most prominent figures in the commercial and 
political history of Boone County. Coming to Lebanon in 
1834, he was, at the date of his death in 1886, one of the few 
remaining of the little band of pioneers who had settled at 
this point prior to 18-40 From early manhood to the close 
of his useful and eventful life, he was foremost in all move- 
ments calculated to benefit his adopted town and county, as 
well as being active in all measures for the amelioration of 
his fellow-men, and it is but just to his memory to say that no 
other man's personality was ever so deeply impressed upon the 
community. , He was a witness to the progress of Lebanon 
from its inception until it had become a busy city of five 
thousand souls, and the county which he first beheld as a wil- 
derness, he lived to see developed into a vast area of culti- 
vated farms, dotted with thrifty towns and villages, and pop- 
ulated with a sturdy, prosperous, and enterprising people. ^ 

Mr. Busby was born in Bath County, Kentucky, on the 
29th of May, 1831, and with his father and mother remov^ed 
to Lebanon in 1834. In 1853 he was married to Miss Lu- 
cinda Haun, at Thorntown, and to this union were born five 
sons and one daughter, the latter dying in infancy. The five 
sons — Charles E., Elmer D., John H., Albino O., and Dick 
L. — are all engaged in the milling business in Lebanon, in 
the large plant established by the father and Charles E., and 
known as the Globe Roller Mills. 

Mr. Busby's character was known to all men as being of 
such sterling worth that he became a veritable public servant. 
The confidence reposed in him was never abused or betrayed, 
and he was universally regarded as a wise counsellor and an 



244 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

efficient executive. He was twice elected treasurer of Boone 
County, and during the dark days of the Rebellion he ren- 
dered valuable service to the cause of the Union. For a per- 
iod of twelve years he was postmaster at Lebanon, and this 
trust, as in the case of all others that were in his keeping, he 
discharged with the utmost fidelity. He was a meml)er of 
the city council for several terms, and a few days before his 
death he had been appointed to a vacancy in the school board. 

la early life he had followed the trade of carpentering with 
his father, but later on he successfully engaged in farming, 
stock-raising and milling. He was deeply interested in the 
breeding and development of horses, and was the originator, 
promotor and first President of the Indiana Trotting and 
Pacing Horse Breeders' Association, which he lived to see 
firmly established. 

As a politician, few men in Indiana outranked him for 
sagacity, and during Governor Morton's regime he was one of 
the great War Governor's closest friends and counsellors. He 
was a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and a Free- 
mason of high standing. To the latter order he was especially 
devoted, and he practiced the teachings of the Mystic Tie in 
spirit and in truth. 

His death was keenly felt in the community in which he 
had lived so long and for which he had done so much, and 
citizens of all classes abandoned their usual vocations in order 
that they might do homage at the grave of one who had in 
life been the unswerving friend of the poor and distressed. 
At all times he was generous, and in all things just. His 
charity was as broad as humanity itself, and the world was the 
better by his being in it. Of him it may be said: 

" He never made a brow look dark, nor caused a tear 
But when he died." 

One who knew him thirty years, and who was opposed to 
him in many a hard-fought political contest, wrote this truth- 
ful and beautiful tribute to his memory : " Vengeance had 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 245 

no abiding place in his hf'art. He never sufi'ered a wrong he 
did not freely forgive. The virtue of goodness in Francis M. 
Busby made him great." 

JAMES BRAGG 

Was born in Fayette County, Ind., February 10, 1830; 
moved to the east side of Boone County, Ind., on Eagle 
Creek, in 1840; came to Lebanon November 1, 1849; was 
married to Margaret Kernodle April 27, 1851 ; was one of the 
contractors in building the present court house in Lebanon, 
in 1856— '57, in which he lost two years' hard work and what 
other money he was possessed with. At that time he was 
engaged in building many of the old-time brick buildings of 
Lebanon. He enlisted as a private in Company F, 40th Regi- 
ment Indiana Vol, Infantry, at Lebanon, October 7, 1861 ; 
promoted Second Lieutenant Xovember 18, 1861; promoted 
First Lieutenant April 1, 1862. He was engaged in the Battle 
of Sliiloh, Tenn., April 7, 1862; was in siege of Corinth, 
Miss., during the months of April and May, 1862 ; was engaged 
in all the battles and skirmishes of the Buell campaign to 
Louisville, Ky., in 1862; was engaged in the Battle of Perry- 
ville, Ky., October 8, 1862; in Battle of Stone River, at 
Murfreesboro, Tenn., December 31. 1863, and January 1, 2, 3 
and 4, 1863; was engaged in the Tullahoma, Tenn., campaign 
in 1863; was engaged in the battles and sieges around Chat- 
tanooga, Tenn., in 1863; was promoted Captain, March 1, 
1864; was engaged in all the battles and skirmishes of the 
Georgia campaign to Atlanta. He received a concussion by 
the bursting of a shell from the enemy's guns near hib head 
while leading the skirmish-line at the Battle of Rosacea, Ga., 
May 8, 1864; received further injury while charging the 
enemy's works at Lost Mountain, Ga., during a violent rain- 
storm, June 18, 1864; was engaged in the memorable charge 
of the enemy's works at Renessaw Mountain, Ga., June 27, 



246 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

1864, at which time so many of our brave soldiers fell. As 
autumn leaves fall, so fell the bravest of the 40th Regiment 
at Reuessaw Mountain, Ga. He was engaged in the battle of 
Peach Tree Creek, Ga., July 20, 1864; was engaged in all the 
skirmishes to the taking of Atlanta, Ga., after which he was 
sent back with the 4th army corps to take care of Hood and 
the rebel army. Was in the skirmish at Columbia, Tenn., 
in November, 1864; was engaged in battle at Springhill, 
Tenn., November 29, 18G4. He was prominently engaged 
in the battle of Franklin, Tenn., November 30, lb64, 
where he was slightly wounded and had his sash shot from his 
shoulder. Mr. Bragg says oi this battle : " Our division, 
that of the 2d of the 4th army corps, bore the brunt of this 
terrible, bloody battle, losing more than 2,000 men. This 
was the hardest fought and bloodiest battle, for the number 
engaged, during the war. It was a hand-to-hand contest. 
The rebels, being stimulated by the aid of whisky, were urged 
on by the valor of their officers to break through our lines 
and march on to Nashville, Tenn., only thirty miles distant, 
and the home of many of the brave, rebel soldiers who fell to 
rise no more at that bloody battle. Each charge made by the 
rebels was as stubbornly resisted by us Union soldiers. Never 
wavering or faltering, but each one vieing with each other in 
deeds of valor, every one of us baring our breasts to the 
enemy's guns to do or to die." He was engaged in the two- 
days battle of Nashville, Tenn., December 15 and 16, 1S64 : 
marched to East Tennessee, then back to Nashville, Tenn. 
He then went to New Orleans, La., and crossed the Gulf of 
Mexico to Texas. He was mustered out at Texarkana, Texas, 
December 21, 1865, by reason of his services being no longer 
required, as the war was ended. He re-cro.s.sed the gulf, and 
was discharged at Indianapolis, January 23, 1866. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 247 

STRANGE N. CREGUN, 

Who now is at the head of the educational affairs of the county, 
is a native of Boone County, having been born in Eagle Town- 
ship in 1853. his father, Hiram Cregun, being one of the pio- 
neers of that part of the county. S. N. Cregun received all 
the advantages of the common school of the county and is a 
regular graduate of the best high school of the country. He 
attended West Point military school for two years. He has 
been identified all his life with school and school matters, 
either as student or teacher. Served several years as princi- 
pal of the Lebanon schools with entire satisfaction to all, and 
was elected county superintendent in March, 1887. He was 
married to Miss Booher, daughter of Benjamin Booher, of 
Worth Township, and has an interesting fsamily living in the 
city of Lebanon. 

THE CROSE FAMILY. 

Jonathan Crose, sen., was born February 25, 1791, in a 
fort in Nicholas County, Ky. He was married to Susan Utter- 
back in Bourbon County, Ky. She was born in Kentucky, 
March 23, 1787. They moved to Tippecanoe County, Ind., 
in the year 1830, with seven sons, and one born in Indiana 
after their arrival. The following are the children's names : 
Reuben, born January 3, 1811 ; Benjamin, born January 22, 
1813; Andrew J., born March 26, 1815 ; Henry H., born Jan- 
uary 30, 1819; Covington, born June 2, 1822; William F., 
born December 20, 1824 ; Jonathan, born December 29, 1827 ; 
Michael, born June 20, 1831, in Indiana; all the others born 
in Kentucky. Mrs. Crose, formerly Susan Utterback, died 
June 24, .1834, buried in Tippecanoe County. Mr. Crose 
served as county commissioner at an early day for Boone 
County ; the dates we are not able to give. He died July 22, 
1876 ; is buried at the old cemetery in Thorntown. Mr. Crose 



248 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

first settled in Boone County in 1835, on the farm now OM-ned 
by Thomas Utter. He settled all his sons within five miles of 
his old homestead. The following arc deceased: Reuben, 
killed by foiling tree May 6, 1862, buried at Thovntown ; Deu- 
jamin, died August 4, 1879, buried at new cemetery in Thorn- 
town ; Andrew J., died 1879, is buried near Frankfort, Ind. 
Henry H. resides in Sidney, Iowa; ^Villiam F. resides in Page 
County, Iowa; Covington and Jonathan, jr., reside in Boone 
County, Ind.; Michael resides in Clinton County, Ind. Ben- 
jamin Crose, who was one of Boone County's best citizens, 
was born in Kentucky, January 22, 1813; came to Boone 
County in 1835. Mr. Crose was twice married, first to Mary 
J. Reed, the second time Cynthia Martin. The following are 
the names of Mr. Benjamin Grose's children : David, Mary 
E., Cyntha A., Alice, Martha J., Benjamin, Sarah, Atley, Su- 
san — all horn in Boone County except David, who was born 
in Tippecanoe County, Ind. Mr. Benjamin Crose was a very 
prominent man in his day, owning at one time one thousaiid 
acres of land on Sugar Creek, and for years the owner of the 
Crose mills near his own home. He died August 4, 1879; is 
buried at the new cemetery near Thorntown. 

David Crose was married to Martha E. Bovee, September 10, 
1857 ; is one of the enterprising farmers of Washington Town- 
ship on the north bank of Sugar Creek, where he has resided 
for over thirty years. The following are the names^f his 
children: Marion F., born August 20, 1858, died November 
11, 1858; William B.,born February 2, 1860; Mary E., born 
October 24, 1864 ; Clement L., born May 8, 1863 ; Cyntha E., 
born October 11, 1864 ; James W., born May 17, 1866 ; Sarah 
A., born January 15, 1871, died February 1, 1871 ; Pearly A., 
born October 2, 1872, died August 30, 1879; Edgar L., born 
June 11, 1877 ; Walter F., born April 12, 1881. All the de- 
ceased members are hurried at the new cemetery in Thorntown. 
Mrs. David Crose was born in Clinton Countv, Ind., April 27, , 
1841. 



BO(iNE COUNTY, INDIANA. 24& 



DAVID A. COLDWELL. 



David A. Coldwell, the subject of this sketch, was born iu 
Nicholas County, Kentucky, March 21, 1804. His fatherfs 
name was Thomas Coldwell, born in Pennsylvania in 1778, 
died in 1851. Thomas Coldwell married Sarah Coldwell, born 
in Pennsylvania; died in 1844; married in 1803. Mrs. Mar- 
tha Coldwell, the wife of the subject of this sketch, was born 
in Kentucky, December 30, 1806. Her father's name was 
Edward P. Creswell ; her mother's name before marriage was 
May Stephenson. Mr. Creswell was born in Pennsylvania in 
1777, died August 6, 1826. Mrs. Creswell was born in Penn- 
sylvania. September 22, 1782, died March 5, 1861. She is 
buried in Lebanon. D. A. Coldwell and Martha Creswell 
were married March 19, 1829. Came to Boone County in 
1843. Settled near Lebanon where they now reside, and 
where, in 1833, Mr. Coldwell entered a part of his land and 
where they have resided since 1843. The following are their 
children's names: Almia A., married to Samuel Beaman ; 
Edward T., married to Miss E. A. Padgett, reside in Leb- 
anon ; Mary J., married to William Powell, live in Clinton 
Township; Martha A., married to William Partner, reside in 
Lebanon, Mr. and Mrs. Coldwell belong to the Presbyterian 
Church and are worthy members of the same. Their going in 
and out before the people here for the past forty years has 
given evidence of their worth as citizens and church members. 
They reside just west of the city of Lebanon, are enjoying the 
repose of life after a successful struggle. Plenty surrounds 
them, and though they are quite old, they are well preserved 
and enjoy life well. Tell of the early times in Kentucky as 
well as in Indiana. 

ELIJAH CROSS 

Was born in the State of Tennessee, in the year 1807; was 
married to Mary Hoover January 13, 1831 ; came to the 
countv about the vear 1828. He settled where Zionsville now 



250 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

is, and it was on his laud the first lots were laid out, in 1852. 
Mr. Cross died in 1869. His v>'idow (who was the first bride 
in the county), is yet living on the old home place, overlook- 
ing the thriving town of Zionsville. The following are the 
family names : Martha, deceased ; David H., lives in Hamil- 
ton County, Ind. ; Rebt^cca A., died December 6, 1847; Ra- 
chel A., married August 9, 1860, to Rev. F. M. Pavy, de- 
ceased April 10, 1880; Levinia E. D. P. Lebhart, lives in 
Zionsville; Jacob A., died January 5, 1860; John G., mar- 
ried to Mary Harmon, lives in Zionsville; Louisa C, married 
to Peter Gates, lives in Zionsville ; James L., died March 30, 
1882; Columbus ^y., married to Lotta Whitaker, lives in 
Lebanon. The deceased members of this family, including 
Mr. Cross, are buried at Crown Hill Cemetery, near the city 
of Indianapolis. 

OLIVER CRAVEN. 

Mr. Craven, one of the early settlers of Thorntown, was 
born in Randolph County, X. C., June 1, 1812. Came here 
in the year 1833, and where he has .since resided. He was 
first married to Rebecca Talsey, January 1, 1838. In 1837 
he was elected justice of the peace, and as such has acted for 
over forty-three years, perhaps the longest time of any man in 
the county. Joined the M. E. Church in 1837, and has acted 
with and been a member of that church ever since. The tol- 
lowing children were born to him and his first wife: Alice 
M , Caroline M., Jason L., Nancy E. and Nathan J. Three 
are deceased ; one resides in Minnesota, and one in Chicago, 
111. Mr. C. was the second time married, this time to Susan 
Pauly, on December 19, 1849. Names of their children: 
Sarah F., Ella, Mary A., Delilah A., Oliver M., William and 
Laura B. Two of the above died in infancy. Mr. C having 
served the people as justice of the peace so long is enough to 
convince all of his fidelity and integrity. He has served as 
president of the Old Settlers' Meetings at Thorntown three 
years. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 251 

JOHN CHAMBERS. 

Mr. Chambers was born in Butler County, Ohio. July 4, 
1803. He was married to Miss Roby November 9. 1825. 
Miss Roby was born in Butler County, Ohio, July 14, 1805. 
They were married in Oliio ; came to Boone County in J 839, 
settling in Washington Township, where Mrs. Chambers now 
resides, Mr. C. having died July 14, 1870. He is buried at 
the Cason cemetery. The following are the names of the 
children: William Andrew, Clark, Julia A. (deceased), Sarah 
E. (deceased), Isaac R. (deceased), Henry W., James F., John 
G., Oliver S. Mr. and Mrs. Chambers were both members 
for years of the Christian Church. Oliver S., married to 
Sarah Moffitt, resides at home on the old homestead. This is 
one of the early families of this part of the county, the county 
being quite new when they arrived here. Mr. and Mrs. 
Chambers were, on their arrival here, young and strong, and 
with willing hands soon made themselves a comfortable home, 
and plenty came to bless them. It, however, took work and 
patience. 

RUEL CAIN 

Was born in Tennessee, January 8, 1811. Came to Kentucky, 
lived there a few years, then to Clark County, Indiana. Came 
with his father, Arnold Cain^to Jefferson Township, in year 
1838. In the year 1833, and on the 25th day of December, he 
was united in marriage to Elizabeth Stype. The following 
year they settled where Hazelrigg Station now is, and where 
Mrs. Cain now resides. Mr. Cain died May 31, 1884 ; is buried 
at the Cox Cemetery. The following are their children's 
names: Joseph S., killed in the late war; America, Arnold, 
Mary A., Clayborn T., William S. The fcdlowing are de- 
ceased : Joseph, America, and Mary A. America was married 
to Thomas Felter; buried in Kansas. Mary A., married to 
John Hill, buried at the Cox Cemetery. Clayborn T., mar- 
ried to Laura Freise, Arnold married to Annie Neigh, Will- 



252 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

iam S., lives at home. Clayborn T. and Arnold reside in Jef- 
ferson Township. Mrs. Cain was born in Kentucky, April 
14, 1815. Mr. C. was of light complexion, rather low, heavy- 
set, blue eyes. Mr. C. entered a part of his land ; is buried 
at the Cox Cemetery. 

BARTOX COLDWELL. 

The subject of this siietch was born in Nicholas County^ 
Kentucky, March 21, 1817. His parents' names were John 
Coldwell and Clarissa Pauly, before marriage. John Coldwell 
died September 24, 1835. Mrs. Coldwell died May 12, 1847, 
buried at the Cox Cemetery. Barton Coldwell was married 
to Miss Pauly Juue 27, 1839, in Center Township, Boone 
County. Mrs. Coldwell came with her parents, Jeremiah 
Pauly and wife, when a young girl. Mr. Pauly died August 
5, 1846. They were married in Kentucky in 1812. Buried 
at the Pleasautville Cemetery. The following are the names 
of Barton Coldwell's children : John B., born December 5^ 
1840, married to Phebe J. Hollingsworth, May 17, 1866, 
reside in Thorntown ; Algira A., born December 21, 1842, 
married to Isaac Jackson, September 26, 1861, live in Jeffer- 
son Township; Jeremiah C, born November 4, 1845, married 
to Nancy C. Sutton, March 21, 1867, died February 28, 1870,. 
is buried at Thorntown. Jeremiah was again married to 
Rachael S. Bratton, February 2, 1871,, resides in Jefferson 
Township; Garrison AY., was born August 6, 1848, died 
August 18, 1869, buried at Pleasantview Cemetery; Clarissa 
T. was boru June 5, 1853, died November 26, 1862, is also 
buried at Pleasantview Cemetery. Mr. Barton Coldwell died 
January 28, 1881, buried at Pleasantview Cemetery. In per- 
son Mr. Coldwell was rather over medium size, five feet tea 
inches in height. "Was a member of the Newlight Church. 
Mrs. Coldwell resides at her old home in Jefferson Township, 
some nine miles west of Lebanon, and a short distance south 
of the railroad. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 253 

DAVID COLDWELL. 

This is another son of Nicholas County, Kentucky, born 
March 23, 1828. Came when young with his parents, John 
and Elizabeth Coldwell, to Boone County, in the year 1832, 
He was married to Elizabeth Harney, January 13, 1856. Her 
parents came to Boone Count}' in 1855. Their names were 
Washington A. and Eraeliue Harney. Mrs. Harney died in 
Kentucky in the year 1835. Mr. H. served as trustee. Died 
January 25, 1872 ; is buried in Montgomery County, Ind. 
Mr. David Coldwell's parents are buried at the Cox Cem- 
etery. His father, John Coldwell, died September, 1835. 
Mrs. Coldwell, 1817. The following are the names of the 
-children of David Coldwell : Margaret E., born November 
19, 1856. Mary E., born December 26, 1858, married to 
Thomas R. Taylor. Thomas A., born December 20, 1860. 
Sarah R., born October 27, 1862, married to Francis McDaa- 
iel. Nancy E., born June 5, 1865. Oliver A., born Decem- 
ber 25, 1867. Lucinda H., born February 23, 1870. Will- 
iam S., born January 22, 1872. Mertie E., born January 19, 
1874. Ora D., born May 16, 1876. Dollie M., born Novem- 
ber 26, 1880, died December 16, 1881. 

WILLIAM COLDWELL. 

This grand old man was born in Nicholas County, Ky., 
-January 6, 1819; married to Margaret Young, January 9, 
1840. Mrs. Young was born February 9, 1823. The follow- 
ing are his children's names : John R., Mary J., Margaret A., 
William C, Sarah E , James F., David E., Robert N., Atpher 
M., Nellie M. The following are deceased : Mary J., Atpher 
M., Nellie M. All are buried at the Shannondalc Cemetery, 
in Montgomery County, Ind. Mrs. Coldwell's maiden name 
was Margaret Hill. Mr. Coldwell's father's name was John 
Coldwell, died September 23, 1835; his wife died May 12, 
1847, and both are buried at the Cox Cemetery. They were 



254 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

born in Nicholas County, Ky., and were among the first to 
settle in Jefferson Township. William Colchvell, the subject 
of this sketch, is one of the stanch men of his township. 
Both him and his wife are members of the Christian Church. 
In person, Mr. Coldwell is a fine looking man, full six feet 
high, dark hair and complexion. He owns a fine farm in the 
northwest part of Jefl'erson Township. To him and family 
the writer is indebted for kindness received in gathering ma- 
terial for the '• Early Life and Times in Boone County/' 

ANDREW COtiEE. 

Mr. Cohee was born in Butler County, Ohio, March 14, 
1823. He was married to Amelia Irwin, March 2, 1847. She 
was born in Ohio, November 27, 1827. Came to Boone County 
in 1854, and settled in Washington Township, where he now 
resides. The following are his children's names: Sarah E., 
David D., Rebecca J., Hezekiah ]M., John A., and Mary L. 
Three died in infancy. Mr. and Mrs. Cohee both belong to 
the M. E. Church at Bethel. At an early day before there 
was a house to worship in, iiis house and barn were used as 
places for the meetings. Mr. Cohee was a Republican until 
the National party was organized, when he became identified 
with that party. Mr. Cohee's ancestors were from the state of 
Delaware; came from that state to Ohio, and from Ohio to 
Indiana. He has always been a farmer, and owns a fine farm 
in Washington Township, four miles northwest of Lebanon. 

NATHAN CORY 

Was born in Warren County, Ohio, November 13, 1802; 
married to Mary Smith March 10, 1825; born in New Jersey. 
They were married in Clark County, Ohio; came to Jefferson 
Township, Boone County, 1851. Mrs. Cory died March 23, 
1879; is buried at the Cox Cemetery. The following are the 
children's names: Noah S. ; William G., who resides in Jef- 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 255 

ferson Township, and is one of its best citizens. He married 
Margaret E. Stephenson January 9, 1855. Noah lives in 
Kansas. The following are the names of William G. Cory's 
children : James S., resides in Nebraska ; Mary L., Iva E,., 
Walter M., all living. Mr. Cory belongs to the Presbyterian 
Church, as well as his father, Nathan Cory. William G. Cory 
was in the late war — Co. B, 154th Indiana llegiment. Thanks 
to this family for favors. Mr. C. lives about ten miles west 
of Lebanon, a short distance north of the pike leading from 
Dover west. 

MICHAEL D. CAMPBELL. 

This old and highly respected man was born in Scott 
County, Kentucky, on the 27th day of December, 1803, mar- 
ried to Ruth Betts, August 19, 1827. Miss Betts was born in 
the same county, August 9, 1806, resided in Jennings County, 
Ind., a few years. About the year 1830 came to Boone Coun- 
ty, where he entered the land where his son John F. now re- 
sides. Mr. Campbell died July 2, 1883. Mrs. Campbell 
died August 10, 1883. Both buried at the ''Shannondaie" 
Cemetery. The following are the children's names: Joseph 
A. born May 6, 1828. James F., Nancy J., Joan F., born 
February 6, 1833. Michael, born March 25, 1835. Notty 
S., born April 25, 1837. Mary E., born December 15, 1839. 
David W., born April 1, 1842. Sarah Y., born July 12, 1844. 
Marion J., Ruth A., born March 4, 1849. The following 
members of this family are deceased : James F., Nancy J. 
Mary E. died August 30, 1855, Sarah V. and Marion J. All 
buried at " Shannondale" Cemetery. John F. resides on the 
old home farm, is one of tiie substantial men, was trustee for 
several years, is a member of the Odd Fellows. We vrere 
well received at his house when gathering material for this 
work. 

D. W. Campbell was county recorder four years, ending 
November, 1886. 



256 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

SAMUEL CUNNINGHAM. 

This good old raau was born in North Carolina, Bedford 
County, in the year 1802; came to Union County, lud.; lived 
there until 1848, when he carae to Jackson Township; settled 
near Jamestown, where he lived until his death, which oc- 
curred in September, 1886. His wife died very suddenly, at 
Jaraestov.-n, April, 1886 — just a few months previous to his 
•death. This venerable couple were well and favorably known 
throughout the county for their true worth. jNIr. Cunning- 
ham was in person a large man, and must have been in his 
best days a very strong man, fully six feet high and well made 
in every respect, light hair and fair complexion. I saw him 
a few weeks before his death, and a short time after his wife's 
death. With a full heart, and eyes full of tears, he told me 
about her death ; said it would not be long before he, too, 
would go. The following are his children's names: Mariah, 
George, Hannah, John, William, James, Samuel, Nancy, 
Francis M. and Mary L. Thee are but four of them living — 
two sons and two daughters. 



NICHOLAS CLICK. 

Nicholas Click was born in Washington County, Ind 
December 4, 1822, and was married to Sarah Pavey, of Wash- 
ington County, in 1844. Mrs. Click was born in Washing- 
ton County, July 13, 1828. Following are the names of their 
children that are living (three died in infancy) : Rebecca A., 
Rinerd M., Frances M., Eliza E., Mina J., Jesse D., Emily A., 
James N., Sarah C. and Lue E. Mr. C. came to this county 
in 1857, and moved where he now lives, in Washington 
Township, in 1859. Mr. and Mrs. Click's ancestors were 
German. Mr. C, wife and most of their children belong to 
the Christian Church. Mr. C. is a farmer, and with the help 
of his boys (and oxen in early days) has cleared two eighty- 



^1 







-4 1; 'kh > 'A 







'%if^M?(/i(R?'fi\'l' M^^^^^^ 



BENJAMIN C. BOOHER. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 257 

acre farms. He has a well-improved, ninety-acre farm where 
he lives. Mr. C. votes the Democratic ticket, and always wants 
every one else to vote as they choose. 



WILLIAM H. COMBS. 

Mr. Combs was born in Nelson County, Ky., February 7, 
1820. Married to Martha A. Nelson on the 12th day of Oc- 
tober, 1843, in Jackson Township, Boone County, Ind. W. 
H. Combs was the son of John Combs, who was an earl}- pio- 
neer of Boone, born in Pennsylvania in 1777; came to Put- 
nam County, Ind,; remained there a few years, then to this 
oounty in 1835. He died in 1845, and is buried at Dale Cem- 
etery. His wife, Catherine Combs, died in 1847. Her name 
was before marriac:;e Catherine Lemons. The following- are the 
names of W. H. Combs' children : William N., married to Re- 
becca J. Wall, resides in Kansas ; Mary C, married to Dr. Keth, 
resides in Jackson Township; Jane, married to J. Hendricks, 
resides in Jamestown ; Joseph A., married to Sarah Pratt, re- 
sides in Kansas; James M., married to Sarilda Wall, resides 
in Warren County, Ind. ; Jesse M., married to Mary Utter- 
back, resides in Jackson Township on the home farm. Mrs. 
Combs died April 6, 1886, and is buried at Union Cemetery. 
She was a member of the Xewlight Church many years. Mr. 
Combs is yet living on his farm four miles east of Jamestov/n, 
is a member of the Newlight Church, and A No. 1 citizen. 

MARTIN CONRAD. 

Mt. Conrad was born in North Carolina, and came with 
his parents when a youth to Eagle Creek, settling near the 
Hamilton County line, near where Benton's Mill was built. 
Mr. C. learned the shoemaker's trade and worked at it many 
jears, most of the time at Indianapolis, where he made his 
17 



258 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

start in the world from a poor boy to rise to one of the solid 
men of the county. He early in life joined the M. E. Church. 
and ever since has been a faithful member, making no great 
show or parade in life, but rather pursuing the even, quiet 
tenor of life, that speaks volumes for him. He has been in 
the grocery business in Zionsville the ])ast ten or fifteen years, 
where he enjoys the confidence and patronage of the people he 
has lived so long amongst. But few men were better than 
Mr. Conrad. You always know where to find him on the 
right side for morality and humanity. In politics he is a 
stanch Republican and a lover of his country. T^ong may he 
live to enjoy the hard earnings of his early life. 

AUSTIN DAVENPORT. 

Mr. Davenport was one of the pioneers of Boone County, 
settling on Eagle Creek about the year 1824 or ^25. He was 
elected the first sheriff" of the county, and re{)resonted the 
county in the state legislature from 1832 to 1834. He built 
the first brick house in the county on the Michigan Road in 
the year 1835, where he owned a fine tract of land and where 
he died in the year 1836, highly respected and loved by all 
who were acquainted with him. He is the father of ^^Irs. 
Eliza Lowe, Indianapolis, Henry Davenport (deceased), Mrs. 
May Hopkins (deceased), Milton S. Davenport of Zionsville, 
and William Davenport (deceased). Mr. Davenport is buried 
on his old farm on the Michigan road, between Eagle A'illage 
and Clarkstown. The Davenport family was one of the most 
prominent in the early history of the county. He was a 
stanch friend to the poor poople, and a Christian gentleman. 
Long may his memory live. He was in the War of 1812, 
serving as drummer, and his brother Jesse as fifer. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 259 

MARK A. DUZAN 

Was the son of William Duzan, an early settler of Clarks- 
town. He was born in Tennesse, and come with the family 
to Indiana in 1834 when he was a lad of fifteen years of age. 
He worked on the farm, using his spare time in acquiring a 
good or rather a useful education. He was born about the 
year 1819 or 1820, for he was barely old enough to take his 
seat in the state senate in 1844 and 1845, to which he was 
elected to represent Boone and Hamilton counties. In 1846 
he went in the army to Mexico, serving as private with credit. 
In 1850 he was elected a member of the Constitutional Con- 
vention, where he served to the satisfaction of the people. In 
1852 he went, or rather started to Oregon, but died on the 
plains and was buried there. Mark A. Duzan had one of the 
happiest make-ups of any man I ever was acquainted with. 
He could adapt himself to the senate chamber or drive oxen, 
run, hop, jump, or make a capital speech, as the case required. 
In person he was perfect; 5 feet 10 inches high, well formed, 
weighing 175 lbs., with fair complexion and auburn hair. 
He was elected to the above office as a Democrat. Mr. Duzan 
was never married. Though he sleeps in an unknown grave 
he will be remembered by many citizens of Boone County. ; 

JACOB DINSMORE. 

Mr. D. was born in Kentucky. Came, with his brother 
and other members of the family, to Harrison Township, 
Boone County, in 1834, where he has since resided, just east 
of the town of New Brunswick. His wife died a few years 
ago, and he is now making his home with his son, W^illiam F. 
Dinsmore. The family are, in faith, Baptists, and most of 
them are members of that church, and have been ever since a 
society was formed in that part of the county. He is the 
father of William F., John T. and Pleasant J. Dinsmore, 



260 EARLY LIFE AXD TIMES IX 

all prosperous farmers in Harrison Township, and where they 
are highly respected as honest, upright citizens. While can- 
vassing for this work I was kindly entertained at their houses. 

JOHN DUZAN. 

The one whose name heads this brief sketch was born in 
the State of Tennessee, about the year 1807. Came with the 
Duzan family to this county in 1834. Just entering a life of 
usefulness, he was long a citizen on Eagle Creek, and where 
he owned and operated a grist mill for years. He, like the 
other members of the family, was a Democrat, and as such was 
elected to the lower house of the state legislature in 1844-45. 
Served one year. He is the father of Mrs. Benjamin Shelburn, 
of Eagle Township, also of Mrs. Mark Simpson, a banker of 
Zionsville. Also of James and William, both deceased, both 
of whom had prepared themselves for the practice of medicine. 
The former died in Oregon, in 1852, is buried on the Colum- 
bia River. He was near twenty-two years of age. William 
died at about the same age. George N. studied medicine with 
his uncle, W. N. Duzan, and is now practicing at Zionsville. 
Another daughter married Hon. I. N. Cotton, in 1856. She 
died several years since. Mr. Cotton resides four miles south- 
west of Zionsville. There were perhaps other children but 
their names we do not know. Mr. D. was a fair speaker and 
well informed man. He died at Zionsville about the year 1873. 

GEORGE DYE, Sr. 

This grand old pioneer was born in Green County, Penn- 
sylvania, January 30,1786; was married to Sarah Calvert 
January 1 , 1807. She was also born in the same county and 
state, December 7, 1785. One year after their marriage, 
Benjamin, their first child, was born, January, 1808, died 
May 18, 1879, at his home in Hamilton County, Indiana, 
on Little Eagle Creek, where he is buried. This was the first 



BOOSE COUNTY, INDIANA. 261 

death in this large family, when the youngest was fifty-one 
years old. About the year 1<S08, Mr. George Dye, Sr., moved 
to Morgan County, Ohio, where nine children were born to 
them, as follows: Isaac, born 1809, lives near Northfield ; 
Fanny, married to Jacob Stonking, she was born December 
16, 1810, resides in Zionsville; James, born October "28, 1812, 
resides in Northfield; Jacob, born August 14, 1814, resides at 
Zionsville; George W., born October 3, 1816, resides in Ore- 
gon; William, born October 18, 1818, liv^es one mile north of 
Zionsville; Elizabeth, born September 13, 1820, married to 
John Ford, moved to Iowa and died there; Sallie, born Jan- 
uary 12, 1823, married Robert J. Harmon, resides in Kansas; 
Samuel H., born November 11, 1828, married Malissa Hage, 
resides in Dakota. In 1830 Mr. Dye moved to Miami County, 
Ohio, remained there until the year 1833, when he came to 
Eagle Creek, Boone County, where he lived until his death at 
Lebanon, March 3, 1847. Mrs. Dye died July 8, 1845, in the 
house now occupied by William Dye. Both are buried at the 
cemetery in Eagle Village. Mr, Dye was in the war of 1812, 
and was wounded by the Indians. He was hotly pursued l)y 
the Indians and had several hand-to-hand encounters with 
them in Ohio. He was one of the best men that ever lived 
in the county. Was a Methodist, and a devoted member and 
public speaker. He was a great hunter, a very large, strong 
man, six feet one inch high, well made. He was one of the 
best made men that ever lived on Eagle Creek. He built the 
Dye mills on the creek soon after his arrival in the county. 
Mr. Dye enfered and bought 640 acres of choice land on the 
creek. George Dye will be remembered as a bold, fearless 
pioneer of Boone County. 

GEORGE DODSON 

Was one of the early settlers of Eagle Creek, arriving as early 
as 1827. He was born in the State of Virginia in 1776. Pie 
BQarried Martha Lockhart in Virginia; subsequently moved to 



262 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

Kentucky, and remained there until the year 1827. Pie was 
among the first Baptist Ministers who preached in Boone 
County, and mainly through his influence the church called 
Eagle Creek Regular Baptist Church was organized, which is 
yet living and has had great influence for good the past sixty 
years. Mr. Dodson was a regularly ordained Baptist minister ; 
was at the constituting of the above church, and served as its 
preacher till death ended this good man — died in 1848. He 
is buried at or near the church, and where his best days were 
spent, and where he did so much to develop — not only in a 
spiritual sense, but he helped with his own hands to clear away 
the woods ; helped make the roads, and, in fact, was in every 
good word and work. Just such a man was needed. He 
came, filled his mission, and filled it well. He left a spotless 
record, both in and out of the church. The good George 
Dodson did lives yet, and will for years to come. Reader, 
should you visit his grave, on Eagle Creek, you may truthfully 
say : " Here lies a good man, the noblest work of God." The 
following are his children's names: Elizabeth, Nancy, Mar- 
garet, Irena, George, Martha, Ruel, John, Mary, Judah, Robert 
and Jemima. Elizabeth, married to Maston Johnson, died in 
1872, at the age of eighty years, and is buried in Pleasant 
View Cemetery, east of the cemetery in Worth Township. 

Thomas married . He died in 1883, aged ninety 

years, and is buried in Eagle Creek Cemetery beside his com- 
panion. Nancy ^vas married to William Davenport. She 
died in 1854. Margaret resides in Kentucky. Irena, mar- 
ried to John Vaughn, is yet living. George married Rebecca 
Headspeth, and lives in Virginia. Martha married Aaron 
Philps ; both are dead ; died in Illinois. Rual married Mary 
Dickerson; both died in Illinois. John died in Virginia at 
the age of nineteen years. Mary married Elijah Dickerson ; 
both died in Boone County, and are buried at the Eagle Creek 
Cemetery. Juda married John Kinman, and residps in ]Mis- 
souri. Robert, married to Mary White, resides in Worth 
Township, where he has lived over fifty years ; owns a splendid 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 



263 



farm, and enjoys the confidence of the people with whom he 
has lived so long. He too, as well as his aged companion, 
know all about the early life in Boone County. They both 
belong to the Regular Baptist Church, at Eagle Creek. 
Jemima, married to Stephen Lane in 1839, is yet living. Mr. 
Lane is yet living. 

W. S. DUKES 

Was born in Ross County Ohio. Came with his parents to 
Boone County in 1834, settling on the line of Clinton County. 
He now resides in Sugar Creek Township, near Colfox, in 
Clinton County. He was married to Matilda Graham, Decem- 
ber 27, 1849. Mr. ^^\ S. Dukes was born February 6, 1825. 
The following are his children's names: Lewis C, born April 
4,1851; married to Julia Trewit, April 15,1871. (She is 
deceased). Mary E., was born January 12, 1853; married to 
Jasper P. Holloway, May 5, 1870; resides in Clinton County. 
John C. was born December the 16th, 1854; married to Sarah 
C. Cones, February 27, 1873; resides in Sugar Creek Town- 
ship. All doing very well in their respective homes. " I have 
worked hard all my life, most of the time on a farm. I 
resided in Colfax five or six years. When we came to this 
county it was quite new. Our neighbors were few and far 
between, but they were social in the extreme. It was well it 
was thus, for we had but little property and things necessary 
to keep hou.se with. There was plenty of wild game in the 
woods, such as deer, turkeys, and squirrels by the thousands. 
We had great trouble in getting corn to stand, for so 
plenty were they. The county at that time had but few induce- 
ments for the first settler; woods on every hand, hardly a 
stick amiss. The water was running out in every direction, 
especially in the spring. Little by little our truck patches 
widened out ; the forests began to disappear ; neighbors began 
to multiply; school houses were being built; then we began 
to feel like we were in a fine country. When I lookback forty 
years, it seems like a dream to me, the changes have been so 



264 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

many. The woods have given way to well cultivated fields, 
and like improvemens have sprang up till we have a fine 
county to live in. But it has cost toil and labor to bring 
about these changes. Many have died. A few have lived to 
see what then seemed an impossibility. The pioneer was 
needed; they carae, filled their places on the frontier. In 
my early life my school advantages were poor, and I have been 
compelled to pass through the world with but little education. 
I am glad, however, to see such grand improvements in schools, 
which are the hope of our country. I am also glad to see our 
county rise and take a stand amongst the foremost in the 
state. With the best of soil, we can raise almost any grain 
we wish, and that with good results. We are also advancing 
in the way of roads, ditches, dwellings, in fact, in everthiug 
that we could desire. 

"My father was born in ^Maryland, January 8, 1796. He 
was married in Ross County, Ohio, December, 1823 ; died 
July -25, 1853. My mother was born in Ross County, Ohio, 
March 10, 1804; died September 16, 1847. They had twelve 
children, three of whom are dead. James and Ezekiel were 
in the late war; the first wounded, the second killed by a can- 
non ball in the battle of Greenbrier, Virginia. 

" My grandfather's name was Isaac Dukes; was born in 
Maryland. He was a soldier in the Revolutionary war. He 
was married to Elizabeth King in Maryland. A few years 
after they removed to Ross County, Ohio, where they remained 
until the year 1833, when he carae to this county, settling on 
the line between Boone and Clinton Counties. Thf^y are 
buried in Clinton County. They raised a family of five boys 
and three girls. W. S. Dukes." 

Sugar Crelk Township, February, 1887. 

Mr. and Mrs. Dukes belonged to the M. E. Church, 1860. 
He was a Democrat until 1860, when he went with the Repub- 
lican party. Mr. Dukes now owns about four hundred acres. 
Lewis was married to Judia Hopkins, for his second wife. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 265- 

JOHN DAVIS. 

The subject of this sketch was boru in Hamilton County, 
Ohio, January 19, 1803; came to Boone County in 1835; \va& 
married to Elizabeth A.Coldwell in Franklin County, Ind., in 
1830; settled in Union Township; died June 12, 1878. 
Buried at the "Ross'^ Cemetery in Union Township, where all 
the deceased members of the family are buried. Mrs, Davis was 
the daughter of Andrew and Nancy Coldv/ell, born in South 
Carolina December 5, 1803. John Davis, the father of the 
subject of this sketch, was born in Pennsylvania in the year 
1755, and on the 22d day of September. He died December 
6, 1802. Mrs. Davis, his mother (Agues Davis), born August 
13, died March 14, 1769. She left a family of five children, 
of whom the subject of this sketch was the youngest. The 
wife of Mr. D. died August 21, 1851. The following are 
the names of John and Elizabeth Davis' children : John, 
born Septeml)er 28, 1832. Andrew, born June 14, 1834; 
both born in Franklin County, Ind. Sarah E., born May 22, 
1838. Mary, June 3, 1840. Samuel S., born October 16, 
1842. William N., born June 30, 1846. Benjamin F., born 
May 1, 1848. Mary A. died June 12, 1869. William N. 
died August 4, 1869. Sarah E. died May 15, 1878. Benja- 
min died April 5, 1882. This pioneer family will be remem- 
bered as one among the first of Union Township, where, with 
others, they had hard times to make a home in the woods. 
Let us keep their names bright, never forget them. Samuel 
S. Davis, son of Jolin Davis, resides in Union Township, 
where he owns a fine farm near the Midland R. R., and is a 
patron of the "Early Life and Times of Boone County." 

JOHN DULIN, Sr. 

Mr. Dulin was born in Virginia January 10, 1806. His 
parents names were Edward Dulin and Mary Dulin, born re- 
spectively 1774, 1772; died in Kentucky. John Dulin was 



266 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

married to Angeline Allen October 29, 1828, in the state of 
Kentucky; died there IsTovember 23, 1834. The following 
are their children's names by the first marriage : James E., 
Thomas \V., Xancy F. James died in Minnesota. Thomas 
W, lives in Clinton County, Ind. Nancy F., deceased, is 
buried at the Mouot's Run Cemetery. Mr. Dalin was the 
second time married to Miss Priscilla Boswell December 8, 
1835. The following are the children's names: George B. 
resides in ^Yo^th township, married to Elizabeth Wysong. 
Mary A., married to L. P. Shoemaker, lives in Union Town- 
ship. Matilda J., married to T. S. Dooley, resides in Clarion 
Township. John A., married to Mary A. Carr, lives in Union 
Township. Sallie E., married to Isaac Isenhour, resides in 
Worth Township. Clarinda E., married to B. Marsh, died 
October 26, 1S64. Thaddeus Y. died August 31, 1849. Eliz- 
abeth M., married to Willis West, resides in Center Township. 
C O. Dulin, married to May A. Baber, resides in Union Town- 
ship. Milton F. died in infancy April 18, 1854. All the de- 
ceased members of this family are buried at the Mount's liun 
Cemetery. John Dulin was one of the fi rst 'settlers on Mount's 
Run, where he lived till January 26, 1882, highly esteemed 
by all. Both Mr. and Mrs. Dulin were members of the Reg- 
ular Baptist Church, and among the first to join this church in 
Union Township. Mrs. Dulin is yet living, quite well pre- 
served for one of her age. Her parents are buried in Ken- 
tucky. In person John Dulin was full six feet high, strong, 
well proportioned, well calculated for the hardy pioneer that he 
was. Many who read this will call to mind John Dulin, one 
of the early citizens of the county. 

JAMES B. DALE. 

It is interesting to notice, in the struggles which have con- 
vulsed the country and tried our institutions, whether national 
or local, how so many of the men who have been laborers in 
these great scenes did not come upon the arena filtered through 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 267 

generatious of scholars and statesmen, but came unheralded, 
sav'e with the advantages which a democratic republic offers to 
every citizen. The majority of the foremost men of the 
country in every calling are the legitimate sons of democracy.- 
That hard, Spartan mother trained them early to her fatigues 
and wrestlings and watchings, and gave them their shields on 
entering the battle of life with only the Spartan mother's brief: 
"With this, or upon this.^' Native force raised James B. Dale 
to the position of the leader of the Anti-Monopoly party in 
Boone County. And the working of the same generous laws, 
that permits each toiler to carve a destiny for himself, saw him 
write his name upon the minds and hearts of the people 
throughout the county. The early years of Mr. Dale present 
a fair averag-e of the advantao-es and stru2:2:les incident to the 
Hoosier youth. His father, Matthew Dale, was a son of 'Squire 
Dale, who was born in western Tennessee in the year 1792. 
He was married to Elizabeth Smith about the year 1810. He 
was in the war of 1812. A short time after his marriage he 
emigrated to Lawrence County, Indiana. He stayed there a 
few years, and from that county he moved to Putnam County, 
and in 1828 he moved from Putnam County to Jackson Town- 
ship, Boone County. He entered a tract of land on a stream 
called Eel River, upon which he lived the rest of his days. 
He died in March, 1848. His wife died in August, 1877, 
being eiarhtv-three vears of asre. 

To them were born eight children, three boys and five girls. 
Matthew, the second son, was born on the 4th of May, 1820. 
He was married to Miss Frances A. Reese, a daughter of Sam- 
uel Reese, a highly esteemed farmer of ^yashington Town- 
ship, on January 1, 1843. They raised ten children, seven 
boys and three daughters. His wife died in March, 1864. 
He married the widow of Reuben Scott in January, 1867. 
To them were born two children, one boy an>l one girl. He 
died in November, 1874. James B. Dale, the fifth child by the 
first marriage, was born December 18, 1850, He received 
the training usuallv accorded to farmer boys. He worked on 



268 ' EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

the farm, after arriving at the proper age, in the summer sea- 
son and attended the district school in the Avinter, About the 
time he reached his sixteenth year he entered the academy at 
Ladoga, Indiana, while that institution was conducted by Prof. 
Milton B, Hopkins. While he was there he boarded with the 
professor, who took quite an interest in him. Mr. Hopkins 
urged him to complete the course of study and remarked to 
to him that his native ability was such that he might become 
a profound scholar and one of the foremost men of the state. 
But when Mr. Hopkins left Ladoga and went to Kokomo, 
Indiana, James B. quit the school and never entered it again. 
At the age of eighteen he began teaching in the public 
schools of this county. He taught about ten winters in suc- 
cession, and working the meantime through the summer sea- 
sons on the farm. He was six feet high, and weighed 185 
pounds. He was never sick any until the time of his death. 
On the 1st day of January, 1874, he was married, as most 
teachers are, to one of his pupils. Miss ]Maggie Jackson, 
daughter of Elisha Jackson, a prominent citizen of the county. 
This union proved a very agreeable one. To them were born 
six children, three boys and three girls. The oldest, a girl, 
died in infancy. The rest still live with their widowed mother 
on the farm. Young Dale was rocked in a Democratic cradle, 
and his complexion was Democratic until after he reached his 
majority. But, to use his own words, he says, " That the first 
Democratic medicine I ever took was the Greeley pill, and that 
did not digest very well, so I wouldn't take any more." He 
was twenty-three years old when the financial panic of 1873 
occurred, and seeing how distressed the masses of the people 
were in consequence of this stagnation of business throughout 
the entire country, he set to work to understand the nature 
and causes of panics and how they might be prevented. From 
that time on as long as he lived he was a tireless student of 
political economy. In consequence of his studies he saw fit 
to change his political views, and therefore identified himself 



BOOXE COUNTY, INDIANA. 269 

» 

-with the anti-raouopoly party, of which he soon became the 

leader in this county. ' 

In the summer of 1876 he canvassed the county for the 
office of County Clerk. During this campaign he made 
several speeches in each township in the county, this being his 
first effort in making public speeches. His party not being 
very strong, he was defeated. Again his party nominated him 
for office in 1882, this time for Representative. It was not 
from choice on his part that he made this race, there being no 
chance of an election. But the workers of his party conceded 
that he was their leader and therefore put him forward as their 
champion. 

He was free from moral cowardice, and so convinced that 
the measures he advocated were right, and must therefore 
eventually triumph, that, like the Norseman, he was deter- 
mined to find a way or to make it. 

Mr. Dale was in an unequal battle from the first. With 
both the Republican and Democratic parties marshaled against 
him, he threw himself into the campaign. The dauntless 
spirit that had faced odds in the previous campaign never 
flinched as he saw the handwriting on the wall. Determined 
to do all he could do, his tremendous energies created a 
kindred zeal among his followers, but he was defeated by the 
votes of Mr. Sterratt. 

After this campaign was over, Mr. Dale turned his atten- 
tion to the farm more closely than ever before. He thought 
he would never again take an active part in politics. But in 
this he was mistaken. For, in making two campaigns in 
the county, he had gained the confidence of the people, his 
abilities were established, and hosts of friends from all parties 
flocked about him, urging him again to canvass the county. 
So again in 1884 his party nominated him unanimously, as it 
had done in both cases before. He also received the nomina- 
tion of the Democratic party, with considerable opposition. 

Of an earnest and impetuous temper for what he deemed 



270 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

right, and wedded to the principles which he advocates by all 
the instincts of his being, his enthusiasm knew no bounds. 
Both parties caught the glow of his zeal, and he was this time 
elected by a handsome majority. 

At the close of this campaign he was conceded by all par- 
ties to be one of the best speakers in the county. He had 
that power of statement which made him so characteristic as a 
speaker. He possessed decision of character, self-reliance, and 
an inflexible will. And with these qualities standing out 
prominent as a basis for his qualifications to the office to which 
he had been elected, he goes to the state legislature. 

"While acting in that body, he was placed on several impor- 
tant committees. And every public measure on which he was 
called to act, received his careful attention ; he weighed it in 
all its general bearings and then mastered it in detail. The 
thoroughness of his knowledge was his first source of power 
as a speaker. After this session adjourned he returned to the 
farm ; but by this time he began to comprehend that his native 
health was to be in the service of the people. 

His friends were expecting to send him back to the legisla- 
ture in 1886, but this was not to be ; death stepped in and 
interfered. 

In the winter of 1885-6 he again taught school, but ten 
days before his school should have closed, he took a severe 
attack of lung fever, and died on the 15th day of March, 1886. 
Thus passed off the stage of action one of Boone County's 
favorite sons. 

Mr. Dale was a member of the Newlight or Christian Church 
since February, 188!, continuing an active and useful member 
until death. He was buried at the old Union Cemetery in 
Jackson Township, near where he lived and where he was 
loved. See his portrait in another part of this book. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 271 

FLEMING DICKERSON. 

This old 2)ioneer was born in Montgomery County, Vir- 
ginia, July 30, 1812, son of Elisha Dickerson, His mother's 
name before marriage was Snsanah Guthry. This old couple 
came to Boone County in 1859. Elisha Dickerson died 
December 11, 1867, aged 67 years. Mrs. Dickerson, his wife, 
died in 1881, aged 94 years. Buried at the Whitelick Ceme- 
tery in Perry Township. Fleming Dickerson was married to 
Jane R. Guyson August 21, 1836. She died July 8, 1848; is 
buried at A\'hitelick Cemetery. The following are his chil- 
dren's names by the first marriage: Susanna, Mary, Elisha, 
Eliza J., Henry, Sarah. Mr. Dickerson was the second time 
married to Mary Clark, November, 1848. The following chil- 
dren were born to them : Charles, Virginia, Johanna, Elnety, 
William F. Mr. Dickerson came to Harrison Township in 
1842. Located in town 17. He has been a member of the 
Missionary Baptist Church since 1839. Mrs. Dickerson is 
also a member of the same church. Mr. Dickerson is one of 
the pioneer hunters and is at home in the woods, provided he 
has his trusty gun with him. In person Mr. Dickerson is 
large, weighing full two hundred pounds, well calculated for a 
frontier life. Virginia, Johanna and William are dead and 
are buried at Whitelick. 

JOSEPH F. DAUGHERTY. 

Mr. Daugherty, one of the pioneer merchants of the county, 
was born in Ohio, in the year 1814. Came to Eagle Village, 
this county, in the year 1838, where he was engaged in selling 
goods for a terra of years, in fact, as long as there was any vil- 
lage there, perhaps up to 1853, when Zionsville sprung up and 
the building of the railroad there, when he, with A. P. Nich- 
olas, his former partner in the village, commenced business in 
Zionsville and were in business there several years, when he 



272 EARLY LIFE AND TIMP:S IN 

went to Kokomo, and tliere his wife, Mariah Daugherty, died, 
as good a woman as ever lived in Boone County, Her name 
was Mariab Campbell, 'riiey were married about the year 
1836 or 1838. The following are their children's names: 
Adelaide, William W., James, Francis and -Joseph. James 
died in infancy at Eagle Village, in 1844. William W. has 
been for years in the regular army as captain, iu the 18th Reg- 
ulars, and is now at this writing (1886) at Fort Lewis, Colo- 
rado. Joseph is also there in that county as a farnier. Mr. 
Dickerson was, while living in the village, captain of the Eagle 
Village Light Infantry, a military organization formed there 
l)ack in the forties. He was, it is said, the best posted man of 
his day in the county. Wa^ nominated for the state legislature 
in 1848, but was defeated by the Hon. Henry ^NI. Marvin. 
Mr. Dickerson is now, and has been for years, a resident of 
the city of Indianapolis; is in his seventy-fourth year, quite 
well preserved and looks younger than that. He was an old 
AYhig up to 1826; since that time has acted with the Republi- 
can party'. la person Mr. Dickerson is of medium size, dark 
hair, good features, well made, and in his best days would 
weigh 175 pounds. Mrs. Dickerson is buried at Kokorao. 
Should you visit her grave you might truthfully say : " Here 
rests one of the noblest women that ever lived in Boone 
County." 

JAMES DOWING, Sr. 

Was born in Donegal, Ireland, in the year 1784. Came to 
America in the year 1819, and to Boone County in 1834. On 
the 11th of October of that year he settled in Clinton Town- 
ship; died February, 1868. Mrs. Dowing was born in 1795, 
in England. Her name was Avis Giddiugs; died in 1879. 
Both buried at Mechanicsburg, Boone County. Mr. Dowing 
was a Catholic, ]Mrs, Dowing a Presbyterian. The folhjwing 
are the names of their children : James F. was born near 
Hell Gate, New Jersey, January 17, 1827. He was married 
to Mary A. Withara April, 1868; died on the old homestead 







:^ 



m 






\>'>A^ii 



i 







JACOB S. LA FOLLETTE. 




^ 

'# 






M 






^^mm 



SARAH E. LA FOLLETTE. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 273 

in Clinton Township, one mile from the Clinton Township 
line. To this family I am indebted for favors shown while 
canvassing for this work. James Do wing entered the land 
now owned by James F. Dowing about the year 1834. Mr. 
and Mrs. James Dewing were married in Providence, Rhode 
Island. They had five children, three boys and two girls, as 
follows: John G. resides in Hamilton County, Ind. Edv/ard, 
deceased, lived at Mechanicsburg. James F. resides on the 
old farm. Jane E. married to Ephrara Davis, resides in Clin- 
ton Township, near the Clinton County line. Mary M., mar- 
ried to Charles S. Riley, reside in Center Township, near 
Holmes Station, Mr. James Dowing landed in Clint-on Oc- 
tober 11, 1834, from the State of New York. He was among 
the first settlers of Clinton. Their cabin was of the most 
primitive kind, puncheon floor, clapboard roof, etc. Soon 
after his arrival a black bear was killed near his house. One 
of the remaining Indian huts was standing on his land. When 
he arrived he helped tear it down It stood on the bank of 
Tarrepin Creek. Mr. Dowing, in the early settlement, when 
the mill streams in his locality were frozen, lived on potatoes 
and hominy. The above sketch was prepared by his son, 
James F. Dowing. 

LORENZO C. DAUGHERTY. 

Judo^e Dauo;hertv for near thirtv vears was one of the most 
prominent men in Boone County. He was the son of James 
and Francis Daugherty, who were citizens of Washington, 
Indiana, and where Lorenzo C. was born, April 5, 1820, and 
where he, in 1843, studied law. He became a citizen of Leba- 
non in 1844. He was married to Rachel Thornburg, August 
31, 1839, who survives him and is ])leasantly located in the east 
part of the city. Soon after Mr. D. arrived in Lebanon, he 
became a partner in the law business with Hon. W. B. Beach, 
now of Providence, Rhode Island, when they at once built 

18 



1 



274 ' EARLY LIFE AND TIMES. 

up a good practice. Mr. D. was elected to the state legisla- 
ture in 1847, serving several terms to the satisfaction of the 
people he represented. He was elected probate judge in 
1853, serving until 1860 with honor to himself and the bench. 
He vvas for several years connected with the banks of Leba- 
anon, serving as president and stockholder as well. In all 
his relations as a citizen of the county, both public and pri- 
vate, he acted well his part, acquiting himself with credit and 
honor, for over thirty years. He died October 29, 1876, in 
the prime of life and usefulness, loved and respected by all. 
In person he was of medium size, fair complexion, auburn hair, 
good features. He was elected to the above offices as a Demo- 
crat. During his active life he accumulated a handsome 
estate for his worthy help-mate in life and his children who 
were born to them, named as follows: Mary E., bora Sep- 
tember 10, 1840, married to C. P. Rodman ; reside in Kansas 
City, Missouri. Zarilda, married to S. S. Daily, October, 
1865. Ella, born July 28, 1851; married to E. T. Lane 
(druggist, Lebanon). Emma, born February 28, 1858 ; mar- 
ried to B. S. Higgins (prosecuting attorney). Curtis, born 
February 23, 1862, married to Hattie Holliugsworth, June 6, 
1883; reside in Lebanon. 

WILLIAM J. DEVOL. 

One among the many worthy citizens of Boone County was 
William J. Devol, commonly called the old "Judge" Devol. 
He was born in the old Buckeye State, December 28, 1814, 
where his boyhood days were spent. After arriving at the 
age of twenty-eight, moved his headquarters to Oawford 
County, Missouri. Here he took up farming for his occupa- 
tion and prospered with great success. After living here about 
twenty-three years, at the death of his brother, Clark Devol, 
his interests were drawn to Boone County, moving on his farm 
northeast of Lebanon in 1865, and remaining here until he 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 276 

accepted the presidency of the First National Bank, making 
his residence immediately north of the city. 

Mr. Devol has held several ofiSces of trust and profit dur- 
ing his residence in Missouri, viz., two terms in the legislature, 
sheriff of Crawford County, county collector, and probate 
judge of the same county. He was elected a joint representa- 
tive from Boone and Clinton counties, Indiana, by the Demo- 
cratic party in 1870. 

He was married to Eebecca Thompson, January 20, 1842, 
who was born in Crawford County, Mo., August 19, 1822. At 
the age of fifteen she united with the Baptist Church, of which 
she was a consistent member until she went to join the church 
triumphant. She made no loud profession, and never made a 
display of her good deeds or charities, yet she was ever ready 
and anxious to feed the hungry and relieve all kinds of distress 
and sorrow. She proved to be a very considerate and aifec- 
tionate wife, living until the 21st day of June, 1886, at about 
8:30 P. M., leaving her husband and many friends to mourn 
her loss. 

In early life Mr. Devol joined the Baptist Church, and all 
through his life has been a liberal supporter of the gospel and 
a regular attendant on all means of grace, when health would 
permit. He has been a sufferer from kidney disease for several 
years, besides being badly ruptured, and it was this that caused 
his'death. On Saturday, the 4th day of December, 1886, a 
surgical operation was performed on him, but only temporary 
relief was afforded, and the 6th day of December, 1886, at 1 
o'clock A. M., his soul took its flight from the body. 

His and his wife's funeral were both largely attended at 
the Center burying ground, three miles east of Lebanon, where 
their bodies repose in death. 

In life Mr. Devol was extremely eccentric, but many friends 
and relatives have been made to rejoice by his peculiarities of 
character. He was courteous to all, and especially courteous 
and generous to those he took a fancy to. He was one of the 
wealthiest men in the county, nearly all his posses^^ions being 



276 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

in cash and bonds. His will appoints Wesley Lane his exec- 
utor, viz., to Mary Wondel, the property where he resides and 
$1,000; the balance to be divided equally between William C. 
Devol, of Missouri, and William J. and Charley Devol, of 
Boone County. Witnessed by George W. Baird and Wesley 
Lane. In another part of this work will be found the por- 
traits of Mr. and Mrs, Devol. 

A. C. DAILY. 

It is with pleasure we present our patrons with a brief 
biography of A. C. Daily, together with his portrait. Mr. 
Daily was born at New Carlisle, Clark County, Ohio, and 
being one of the oldest of a large family of children, whose 
parents were in rather humble circumstances, and of an ambi- 
tious disposition, he. at the tender age of ten years, began life 
for himself. A good education was his first purpose in life. 
and to this end, after completing the course laid down in the 
public schools, he gained admission as a student in Linden Hill 
Academy, of his native place. Here he persevered in his 
studies until the course was almost completed, when he 
was tendered a position in the office of John C. Daily (old 
Cal. as he was long known ), treasurer of this — Boone — county, 
which position he accepted, but had barely entered upon the 
discharge of its duties, when James A. Nunn, auditor of this 
county, appointed him deputy in that office, where he remained 
for eight years, and was then honored by the voters of this 
county by election as auditor, which office he filled for the term 
of four years. 

March 11, 1858, Mr. Daily was united in marriage to Miss 
Henrietta Blue, of Mechanicsburg, Ohio, who only survived 
until November 23, 1863, when occurred the first great sorrow 
of his life, the loss of his young and devoted wife. Mr. Daily's 
second marriage occurred December 19, 1867, when he led to 
the altar Miss Maggie McCorkle, of Mechanicsburg, Ohio. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 277 

The latter marriage has been blessed by the birth of four inter- 
esting children, two of whom only survive. 

In the spring of 1860, the county commissioners appointed 
Mr. Daily as clerk of the Boone Circuit Court, to fill a vacancy 
caused by the death of Henry Shannon, and his party, the 
Democracy, nominated him for its candidate for that office at 
the election of that year, but numbers were against the success 
of the party at that election and his competitor, Mr. S. A. 
Lee, was elected. In 1862 Mr. Daily was nominated by the 
Republicans as their candidate for auditor of the county and 
he was triumphantly elected, which office he filled for four 
years in such a manner as to reflect great credit to the people 
of his county. 

In March, 1867, Mr. Daily, the late Major H. G. Hazelrigg, 
and the late Judge L. C. Dougherty formed a stock company 
and organized the Lebanon Bank, which name and organiza- 
tion were maintained until the year 1882, when it organized 
under the national banking laws as the Lebanon National 
Bank, with Mr. Daily as president, and his brother, S. S. 
Daily, as cashier. 

Mr. Daily is an honored member of the Masonic fraternity, 
being a Past Master of Boone Lodge, No. 9; a companion of 
Lebanon Chapter, No. 39, R. A. M. ; also of Boone Council, 
No. 45, R. and S. M,; is a Knight Templar of Frankfort 
Commandery, and has attained to the 32° in the Scottish Rite. 
He is also a member of the I. O. O. F. of long standing, and 
has since the year 1861 been a member of the finance commit- 
tee at almost every meeting of the Grand Lodge of that noble 
order, which shows in what esteem he is held by his brothers 
and fellows. 

Mr. Daily was a stockholder at the reorganization of the 
Boone County Agricultural Society, and was the first secretary 
of that society, serving in that capacity for five consecutive 
years. He was at one time a director in what is now known 
as the Midland Railroad Company, and labored hard to have 
that road completed to Lebanon. He is at present one of the 



278 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN * 

directors of the natural gas company, and is thoroughly in 
earnest in the matter of developing the resources of our 
country. 

Mr. Daily represented this district as a delegate to the 
National Republican convention, at Chicago, that nominated 
the Hon. James G. Blaine for the presidency in 1884, and 
worked hard to carry out the wishes of his constituency. 
That he succeeded they all bear testimony. 

Mr. Daily's political friends presented his name before the 
Republican state convention last year for nomination for the 
office of Auditor of State, but Mr. Bruce Carr was the recip- 
ient of that honor. 

Mr. Daily has never formally connected himself with any 
church, but is at present a member of the board of trustees of 
the M. E. Church, in Lebanon, his aged mother's church, and 
greatly assisted that body in the erection of its beautiful new 
house of worship in the summer of 1886. 

Mr. Daily is a great admirer of blooded stock, and as such 
has a number of fine horses and Jersey cattle that are the 
pride of his leisure hours. He is also the treasurer and a 
member of the executive committee of the Indiana Trotting 
and Pacing Horse Breeders' Association. 

The life of Mr. Daily has been a successful one, and is due 
to the resolution formed in boyhood to "act well his part," 
and in the various positions which he has been called upon to 
fill we find that unfaltering devotion to principles of honesty 
that characterize the lives of our successful men. 

Personally Mr. Daily is rather a heavy set, square should- 
ered man, with dark hair and eyes, an open countenance. His 
convictions are plain and are not easily transformed. 

MICHAEL ERSKIN. 

Mr. Erskin is perhaps the oldest person in Boone County, 
or the oldest man who ever lived in thq county. He is now in 
his ninety-fourth year. He was born in Monroe County, Vir- 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 27d 

ginia, January 15, 1794. He was married to Nancy ^lur- 
dock in 1824, when in his thirtieth year. Soon after be was 
married he moved to Highland County, Ohio ; remained 
there six years, then removing to near Pendleton, Indiana, 
where he resided two years, when in 1836 he came to Jeffer- 
son Township, Boone County, where he now resides, two 
miles south of Dover. His wife died in 1845, and on the 
first day of February. Is buried at the Cox Cemetery. Four 
children were born to them, two of which are now living. 
Mr. Erskin was the second time married, to Rebecca Parks, 
in 1847. Two children were born unto them, both living. 
Mr. E. is now, for one of his age, enjoying good health. Has 
been a very hard working man, and has thrice been a pioneer 
to the front. He has never been out of the state since 1836. 
Never rode on the cars or steamboat. He voted for President 
Jackson the second term, and has been voting that kind of a 
ticket up to 1886. Mr. Erskin was in the war of 1812; was 
not in any battle, peace having been declared soon after he 
was drafted. He bids fair to live his one hundred years. He 
is the father of James M. Erskin, of Jefferson Township, 
who was quite young when the family came to Boone County.- 
He has served as justice and trustee of his township. His 
wife died a few years since. Thanks to him for favors. 

SIMON EMERT. 

Simon Emert, one of the pioneers of Jackson Township, 
was born in east Tennessee, March 4, 1804. He was the son 
of Peter Emert, and grandson of Simon Emert, who died in 
Tennessee in 1800. Simon Emert, the one whose name heads 
this sketch, was married to Mary Kennedy, April 1, 1825. 
Moved to Boone County, October, 1832, where he entered 
a large tract of choice land, which he developed into a fine 
farm. When he and Mrs. Emert arrived in Jackson Town- 
ship it was all woods, and the outlook was, to say the least, 
quite gloomy. They came, however, with strong hands and 



280 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

willing hearts to make a home, and to this end their best 
energies were devoted. And through privations untold and 
hardships almost unbearable, they fought their way, made 
a fine farm, and lived long enough to enjoy the fruits of 
their early toil. Mr. and Mrs. Emert were members of the 
Protestant M. E. Church, and lived examplary lives many 
years, setting a good example to their children and friends 
with whom they came in contact. 

Mrs. Emert was born in South Carolina, September 24, 
1808; died July 18, 1880; buried at the Mount Zion Ceme- 
tery, near where she lived so long. Mr. Emert died Septem- 
ber, 1886 ; also buried at the same cemetery. The following 
are the names of their children ; the deceased ones are buried 
at the Mount Zion Cemetery, iu Jackson Township : Candees, 
married to Hizah Hudson ; David J., married to Eliza Card- 
ington ; Jane, married to Jeremiah Bush ; she is deceased. 
William W., married to Dulcena Younger; reside in Jackson 
Township ; is one of the prosperous farmers, two miles north- 
west of Jamestown. Francenia, married to John jMcIntyre; 
she is deceased. Stephen, married to Margaret Airhart, reside 
in Jackson Township, where they own a fine farm. Clarissa, 
married to John H. Cline ; Mary A., married to John Airhart, 
who resides in Jackson Township. (See sketch iu another 
part of this work). Martha A., married to Enoch Whitely, 
resides on the home farm, where Mr. Simon Emert died. 
This a short sketch of one of the early and interesting fami- 
lies of the county. In person Mr. Emert was low, heavy-set 
man, fair hair and complexion. 

JAMES EVANS 

Resides in Jackson Township, three miles west of Jamestown. 
Born in Russell County, Va., June 13, 1806. Married to 
Margaret Hammond in the year 1830, in the state of Virginia. 
Remained there until the year 1835, when he emigrated with a 
three-horse wagon to the western district of Tennessee. " Here,' 



BOONE COIJNTY, INDIANA. 281 

he says, " I raised one crop, consisting of corn, cotton and sweet 
potatoes. And iiere, in the midst of slavery, it was the most 
religious place in which I ever lived. This, I think, is one 
cause of my being religious now. My wife desired to go to 
her people, who lived in Ohio, so we gathered up our little 
effects, and started, via Nashville, Tenn., passing through 
Richmond, Ind., into Dark County, O., where my wife's peo- 
ple lived. Remained there a few years, when we decided to 
'Go West, and grow up with the country.' It was in 1838, 
October, with an ox-team, we started. I did not see the elephant,. 
but have since seen him in all his reality. The country in 
and around where I now live was then comparatively new. 
Plenty of hard work had to be done, such as house-raising,, 
log-rolling, clearing, etc. I have went as many as sixteen 
days in one spring to help our new-comers to do such v.ork. 
The people were social in the extreme, and only too glad to 
assist in this way, so they could get a start in the world. 
Though we have passed through the flint-mill, so to speak, I 
am thankful for health and strength given me all along the 
pathway of life. We raised twelve children, six sons and six 
daughters, all living as far as we know. My wife was born in 
January, 1811." 

EVAN EVANS. "^ 

The subject of this sketch is the third of a family of eight 
sons. 

His father was of Welsh descent, his mother of pure Irish. 

David Evans, his father, was born in Virginia, 1772, and 
his mother, Susanna Evans, a few years later. Of his seven 
brothers but one, Samuel, survives. 

Evan Evans was born August 15, 1801, in Washington 
County, Pennsylvania, and with his parents moved to the 
valley of the Scioto, in Southern Ohio, in 1804. Here, under 
the supervision of his father, he and his brothers were taught 
a lesson in pioneer life which proved beneficial in his later 
migrations. Miss Jane Bell, who had emigrated from Ireland 



282 EARLY LIFE ANJ) TIMES IN 

at the age of three, won his affections, and in 1826 they were 
united in marriage. He is the father of six children, four 
boys and two girls, three of whom are living: Jonathan, 
in Northwestern Kansas, stockman ; Margaret Jane, residence 
Lebanon, Ind. ; and Thomas B., who lives on the old home- 
stead. 

Two years after his marriage he removed to Wayne 
County, Ind., where he resided for ten years, engaged in farm- 
ing and milling; but at the end of that time he sold his little 
farm of thirty-three acres, and again started west. With an ox 
team he brought his few household effects and drove before 
him eighteen head of cattle and one horse. Following the 
old Indian trail which led to Thorntown, he struck the Forty 
Mile Swamp, and after ten days' hard travel he reached Boone 
County, Ind. On his way he passed through the old Indian 
Reserve, and viewed the stake at which the Indians burned 
the whites who had been so unfortunate as to fall within their 
vengeance. 

He entered a section of land in the northeastern part of 
Center Township, and afterward bought 120 acres more, mak- 
ing in all 760 acres. 

There being no market for eastern manufactured goods 
near he was compelled to make his own clothing from flax, 
and foot-gear from leather which he had himself tanned. 
His food was principally hominy and wild meat, the latter 
being procured by the aid of the flintlock. To procure his 
flour and meal during the dry season of the year he was com- 
pelled to go to Indianapolis or Lafayette, but having too much 
ingenuity to bear this burden he erected, in 1838, a hand or 
sweat mill as it was then called, making the burrs from rock 
commonly called by Hoosiers, " niggerheads." After eleven 
days of faithful labor he had a grist mill, the capacity of which 
was about five bushels per day. - The burrs are now on exhi- 
bition at T. B. Evans'. But, 

" Into our lives some rain must fall, 
Some days be dark and dreary," 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 283 

And on the 9th day of July, 1876, his true and noble help- 
meet left him, with nothing to lean upon but that rock which 
has been a pillar to him since 1840. He now resides with his 
son, Thomas B. Evans, at the old homestead, and if you want 
a sketch of pioneer life you will find him equal to the task of 
giving it." 

GEORGE FARLOW. 

This sturdy old veteran made his mundane appearance in 
Union County, Indiana, April 2, 1811. Came to Boone 
County in 1836. "Was first married to Mary Martin. The 
second time to Martha Stipe. The third time to Armllda A. 
Bnrk, March 31,1872. First children's names: Nancy J., 
married to Wm. Bowman; Henry, died in Iowa, February, 
1878*; Absolem, lives in Clinton County, Indiana; Alfred, 
lives in Iowa; Sarah, married to Jacob Harlan, resides in Jef- 
ferson Township; George W., resides in Oregon. Of the sec- 
ond family of children Mary E. married Xathan Ross, lives in 
Kansas; Hester A. married Henry Oxley, resides in Jefferson 
Township; Clarissa A. married Henry Boman, resides in Jef- 
ferson Tov/nship; James M. ; Ellie married Jackson lioark, 
resides in Thorntown; Amanda O. married D. Higgs; Milly 
F. married Abraham Smock, resides in Hendricks County, 
Indiana. Third family: Charley, born December 9, 1874. 
Mrs. Farlow, present wife, was born in Monroe County, Indi- 
ana, June 29, 1831. Mr. Farlow lives in Dover, eight miles 
west of Lebanon. Mrs. Farlow's former husband was David 
Lasley, married February 17, 1854, died April 7, 1864, buried 
at Thorntown, Indiana. 

NELSON FORDICE. 

Among the citizens of Lebanon who hailed from another 
state, will be found the gentleman named above. He was 
born December 25, 1811, in Lower Canada (Queen's Domin- 
ion). From Canada he went to Ohio, in 1813, and reaiained 



284 EARLY :^IFE AND TIMES IN 

there until he was seventeen years of age. From Ohio he 
went to Kentucky and engaged in the sawmill business and 
traveled through Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, Indiana, Illin- 
ois, Missouri, Iowa and Arkansas, embarking in the same busi- 
ness for twelve years, until 1833, and making New Albany his 
headquarters. He came to Boone County in 1853, and pur- 
chased about 5,000 acres of land in what you might call the 
"swamps of Boone.^' He took with him a partner by the 
name of Clark Devol, a brother of the late W. J. Devol ; the 
former died in 1862, the latter in 1886. After the purchase 
of said lands the state, by and through Fordice and Devol, 
])egan reclaiming the same, the state having the land granted 
them by the general government. Upon receiving the land 
the state enacted a law authorizing the state auditor to sell it 
to the highest bidder at auction, and at not less than one dol- 
lar and twenty-five cents per acre, and the receipt of the sale 
of the land to apply on a system of drainage or reclamation. 
When the land was reclaimed the surplus was to be the 
property of the school fund of the state. The money all 
being used they drew largely of their own means and used in 
the reclamation of their own and other lands to obtain outlets. 
The work of making the large ditches and outlets was princi- 
pally done from 1855 to 1865. At the time this work was 
inaugurated, opinions were divided as to the ultimate success 
of the system, but it is now demonstrated that through the 
pluck, perseverence and foresight of these gentlemen, we have 
a county of which all should be justly proud, and second to 
none in the state in the way of fertility and productiveness. 
Mr. Fordice remained here until the death of his partner and 
has ever since been identified with the several interests of the 
county. In 1860 he represented the county in the house of 
representatives in the Indiana legislature. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 285 

MAJOR B. M. GREGORY. 

Mr. Greson was born iu New York State, November, 
1830. Came with his father, Peter Gregory, to near Eagle 
Tillage, in 1834, having been a citizen of the county ever 
since. His advantages at school were only tolerable, yet he 
acquired a good practical education and taught several schools 
when only about twenty-one or twenty-two years of age. His 
life up to that time was spent on his father's farm. In 1853 
he was united in marriage to Nancy Larimore, daughter of 
Daniel and Mary Larimore, with whom he lived near twenty- 
five years. She died about the year 1878, when he again 
married. About the year 1854 he commenced business in a 
tsmall w^ay at old Eagle Village, but in 1857 removed to Zions- 
ville, where he has built up one of the largest hardware and 
agricultural houses in the state, having associated with him 
his sons in business. Mr. G. went out to the front in the late 
war, in the 10th Indiana Regiment, and was promoted major 
of that regiment. At the frcnt, as well as at home, he was 
well liked. No man in the county stands higher than Major 
Gregory. He is a member of the Masonic order and practices 
its noble teachings. See his portrait on another page of this 
work. He is a stanch Republican, liberal in religious notions. 

JOHN J. GOLDSBERRY. 

This old pioneer first saw the light of day in Ross County, 
Ohio, on the 3d day of February, 1 827. His wife, Josina Hebb, 
was born October 15, 1832, in Monongahela County, Va. The 
following are their children's names : Joseph H., married to 
Josie Furguson, reside in Clinton County. Mariah A., died in 
infancy ; buried at Brush Creek Cemetery. Clement V., born 
August 12, 1863; died July 6, 1864. Clara B. Josina, born 
November 17,1863; died July 3, 1864. Mrs. Goldsberry 
died March 11,1865; buried at Brush Creek Cemetery. Mr. 



286 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

G. was again married, to Hannah M. Goldsberry, November 
19, 1865; born in Ross County, Ohio, March 29, 1832. The 
following are the names of their children : Annie B., born 
October, 10, 1866 ; Alma A., born September 19, 1868; Amos 
A., born July 26, 1871; Jesse C, born July 27, 1873; died 
June 22, 1874. All buried at the Brush Creek Cemetery. Mr. 
Goldberry's father's name was Thomas Goldberry ; his moth- 
er's name before marriage was Elizabeth Lansaw, who was an 
early citizen of Sugar Creek Township; they are buried at the 
Brush Creek Cemetery, in Washington Township. Mr. Gold- 
berry's parents were members of the M. E. Church. John J. 
came with his father, Thomas Goldsberry, to the county in 
1832, where he has since resided, and where he is highly re- 
spected as a man and a Mason. He belongs to Thorntowu 
Lodge, No. 113, Free and Accepted Masons, and no worthy 
brother ever knocked at his door without admittance. He 
lives in the northwest part of Washington Township, where 
he owns a fine farm. During the canvass for this work I was 
very kindly cared for at this pleasant home. He joined the 
Masons in the year 1844, at Thorntown, Indiana. 

SETH GOODW^IN. 

This old pioneer first saw the light of day in Monroe 
County, Ind., April 29, 1819, and is only three years younger 
than the great state in which he was born. His father, John 
Goodwin, lived many years in Putnam and Hendricks coun- 
ties. His mother's name before marriage was Hannah Dales, 
is buried in Hendricks County, Ind. Seth Goodwin was 
united in marriage to Nancy Scott, in the year 1844. Mr. 
Goodwin did not become a citizen of Boone County till the 
year 1850. He lives in Harrison Township. The following 
are the names of his children: Mary H., Amanda, Martha. 
Amanda was married to Mr. Clanhance, who was killed by the 
explosion of a threshing engine in Hendricks County, July 
17, 1879. Martha and Mary are deceased. Mr. Goodwin 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 287 

joined the M. E. Church in 1844. Mrs. Goodwin became a 
member in 1840. This worthy couple are, and have been 
among the best citizens of the county. Mr. Goodwin is a 
Democrat, and Sethis word is as good as his note. There is 
no better posted man in the county than Mr. Goodwin. 

MR. AND MRS. ISAAC GIPSON. 

Mr. and Mrs. Gipson, of Sugar Creek Township, were 
among the first settlers of the above township. They first 
settled there in the year 1829, have resided there ever since. 
They enjoy the confidence and respect of the people and have 
been highly esteemed there for over fifty- five years. They 
have seen great changes in that time. When they first came 
to that locality there were no neighbors, nothing but a vast 
unsettled country. It required pluck and energy to thus 
make a start in the world. They came determined, however, 
to do their part, and if work and frugality would give them a 
home in the future they resolved,- in their early life, to have 
it. Neighbors soon came. The little clearing in the woods 
soon began to widen out; the sound of the ax and maul was 
heard in the land. Soon the preacher and the school teacher 
came, and other signs of civilization. Encouraged thus, our 
heroic young couple renewed their best energies to the task, 
at times almost insurmountable. In due course of time chil- 
dren came to bless their wedded life and help them in the fut- 
ure. The little cabin soon proved too small for the accommo- 
dation of this pioneer family, and a better one was resolved 
upon. It was built. Time went on, the settlement improved 
and neighbors multiplied. The little ones grew up and went 
to the rude school house. Thus step by step this couple have 
passed through the varied changes that come and go in so long 
a time. The little village of Thorntown has grown within 
their recollection to a little city, with its well built houses, 
churches, fine residences, etc. The prattling children have 
grown to manhood and womanhood. Grandchildren's voices 



288 EARIiY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

ring out, and take their turn in the whirl of events. To thein, 
however, the scenes of the past fifty-five years have not all 
been sunshine or sorrow, but rather a '•'mixed cup," that is 
given us all on the rugged road of life. Mr. and Mrs. Gipson 
are living to-day, at their pleasant home, enjoying the repose 
of age. The past has no doubt had its joys and its sorrows to 
them. But we will let Mr. Gipson tell it in his own way: 

"I was born in Clay County, Ky., February 8, 1816, 
and am consequently just the age of ray adopted state. 
I came with my parents, William and Nancy Gipson, to 
Boone County October 20, 1829, first stopping near Jamestown, 
or rather where Jamestown now stands. On the 28th of Octo- 
ber, 1829, John Gipson built the first log cabin in James- 
town. About the 1st of Xovember, 1829, my father moved 
into a cabin now on the farm of Thomas Gregory. My 
brother, Jacob Gipson, also came with us. Mary Scott, who 
became my helpmate through life, was born in Boone County, 
Ky., October 9, 1814 She came with her parents in 1826 to 
near Shannondale, Montgomery County. 1 think that George 
Harness was the first settler in Thorntown ; that was in the 
spring of 1828. Archibald Scott came next, later in the same 
season. Jesse Scott came late in the fall, did not stay long, 
moved to Montgomery County. Joshua Burnham came next ; 
this was in April, 1829. James VanEaton was tiie next pio- 
neer to come. Merrett McKinsey came about the same time. 
John Wilkey and Joshua Allen settled in upper Thorntown in 
the spring of 1829. 

" The first child to see the light of day in or about Thorn- 
town was born to Mr. and Mrs. George Harness. This event 
occurred October 13, 1828. 

"The dark angel of death spread its wings over our new 
settlen^ent for the first time when Jemima Harness died, 
October 19, 1829. She was buried on the farm now owiiod 
by James Hague. There is nothing to mark her resting place 
but a bunch of brush. The first sermon preached in this lo- 
cality was by a Presbyterian from Montgomery County; his 



i 







.'V li' 







y/i'i' .■■■■'/ 




WILLIAM COBB. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 289 

name was Rev. Thompson, and he preached at James Scott's ■ 
house. As deaths and births naturally come, marriaj^es must 
also happen, so the first ' two hearts that beat as one' in this 
'neck o' woods' were Ira Biirnham and Mariah Sweeney. 
This joyful event took place in 1831. And as marriages do 
happen in the course of human events, children come also, and 
they must necessarily go to school ; and the schoolmaster came 
(he always comes). This time it was Daniel T. Ellis; this 
was in 1831. The year 1831 was a good year (the writer was 
born that same year). Oh, yes, Mr. Ellis taught school in a 
log cabin. The floor was dirt, the window glass was greased 
paper; yes, and it had a small fireplace eight feet wide. It 
was a 'daisy;' it stood a short distance southeast of Grose's 
mills. The first 'corn cracker' was built by David Ross on 
Spring Branch, on his own land, in 1832. The first dry goods 
sold was by Enoch Davi^, in 1830, in a pole cabin on the land 
now owned by James Hague on Spring Creek. The first 
goods sold in Thorntown was by Cornelius Westfall, out of a 
box in his dwelling. I have given you the dates of a few 
first things in and about Thorntown. I will vouch for dates 
and names. I would gladly extend my letter, but am unable 
now to hold a pen any length of time. I am glad you have 
undertaken the work so much needed. It won't be long till 
we old people will be out of the way. It would hardly be right 
to forget us ; we have been through the ' mill,' have seen the 
'elephant,' so to speak, in the wild woods of Boone County, 
We trust your work may be a success. 

"Isaac and Nancy Gipson." 

Thorntown, Febniary 7, 1887. 

NATHAX B. GARRETTE. 

I to-day write you a few lines by way of recollections of 
the locality in and about Mechanicsburg. and along the north 
line of the county. I settled one and one-half miles east of 
19 



290 EARJL.Y LIFE AND TIMES IN 

the "burg" on the 2d day of October, 1886. The to^Yn at 
that time had but one house, and that you could not see for 
the trees and bru^h. The first mill built here was erected by 
Bowman Stout. He >old it to Isaac Snow, who sold to James 
Snow, when it was taken down and removed further west. 
This mill was in operation and the frame for a crrist-mill up 
when I came. James Snow was the proprietor of Mechanics- 
burg. Mr. Anderson was selling goods here at the time I 
arrived. The house referred to above had two rooms, one 
part used for a dwelling and the other served as a store room. 
The first preacher here that I heard was a Methodist by the 
name of White; the next was a Christian minister by the name 
of S. Downey. The name of the first school teacher I do not 
now call to mind. The fir.t settlers' names in this locality 
were as follows: William Nelson, George Fall, Joseph 
Symraes, James McMahan, Uriah Hardesiy, Absalera Bowen, 
Robert Oliver, W. W. Phillip., William Phillips, Elisha 
Riley, James Riggs, A. Scott, A. J. Dwigins, James Dowing, 
F.^ C. Dowing, Abncr Knotts and John Holdsworth. James 
Riggs was the first postmaster of the town. In those early 
days we cleared ground, raised houses, rolled logs, hunted 
deer for pastime, went to mill horseback, and when we got 
wheat ground had to bolt it ourselves. When we wanted to 
go to Lebanon, we started early in the morning and were luckv 
to get home again the same day. Our beautiful county seat 
now was at that day a little, dirty, mud hole of a place. Court 
was held in a log building; \V. W. Wick was then presiding 
judge. The early settlers named above are nearly all gone — 
dead or moved away. I am comparatively alone here. But 
few as early settlers as myself are living here at this time. I 
am now seventy-one years of age; am glad to see the improve- 
ments going on in our county. You are at liberty to use this 
sketch if you think it worthy. N. B. Ga'kreite. 

Mechanicsbcjeoh, March, ISSl. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 291 



JOHN HARDEN, 

One of the pioneer merchants of Eagle Village, was born in 
Ireland, January 19, 1802. His parents, William and Marilla 
Harden, were also born in Ireland, 1776 and 1778 respectively. 
The family came to America in August, 1815, arriving at the 
city of Baltimore, where the subject of this sketch was |)ut 
out to learn the carpenter trade. Two or three years later the 
family moved to Coshocton County. O., where William, father 
of John, died in July, 1S26. iSIarilla, his wife, died June 15, 
1852; both are buried in Ohio. John Harden was married to 
Lucinda Beaty, October, 1826, in Holmes County, O. Mr. H. 
and wife lived in Ohio till the year 1830, when they decided 
to move from there, and in the fall of that year they arrived 
in Clay Township, Hamilton County, Ind., three miles east of 
Eagle Village. Here, in the woods, he erected a cabin, and 
the earnest struggle in life began. His nearest neighbor lived 
tv»'o miles distant, in the edge of Marion County. Before 
moving to Indiana three children were born to them, as fol- 
lows : William B,, Marilla and George. The following were 
born after coming to Indiana: Samuel (the writer), Beaty 
W., Martha, Mary, John W., Addison P., Milton, Calvert and 
Harriet. William was born July 28, 1827; Marilla, August, 
1828; George, June 8, 1830; Samuel, November 21, 1831; 
Beaty W., January 19, 1834; Martha, 1836; Mary, 1838; 
John W., April 1, 1840; Addison P., 1842; Milton, 1844; 
Calvert, December 25, 1846 ; and Harriet in 1847. All lived 
to be men and women, except the last named, who died in 
1859, aged about thirteen years. William was killed in Mis- 
souri in 1864; Marilla married L. M. Oliphant, November 3, 
1855, and reside in Jamestown ; George married Marv Wajje- 
man, 1866, and reside in Hamilton County; Samuel married 
Eliza Swain, October 28, 1856, resides in Anderson; Beaty 
W., married to Mima Varner, resides in Lebanon ; Martha 
married J. H. Chamberlain, December, 1860; she died a^ 



292 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

Jamestown, January 12, 1874; Mary resides in Mt. Gilead, 
O. ; John W., married to Mary Williams, died in July, 1878, 
at Jamestown, where he is buried; Addison resides in Texas; 
Milton died in 1866; CaU-ert resides in Ohio. John Harden, 
the father, died in Mt. Gilead, O., February 19, 1877 ; Lucinda 
died March 25, 1862, in Lebanon, Ind. Both of whom, as 
well as Martha, Milton and Harriet, are buried in Zionsville 
Cemetery. Samuel, J. "W., A. P., Milton and Calvert were in 
the army. Mr. aud Mrs. H. were members of the Christian 
Church for many years. In 1845 Mr. H. became a citizen of 
Eagle Village, where he lived several years, when he bought 
. a farm one mile south, in the edge of Hamilton County, where 
he lived till 1860; when he went to Zionsville, then to Leb- 
anon, remaining there till 1865; when he went to Ohio, and 
remained in Mt. Gilead, and where he terminated his life as 
above stated. Mr. H., when a citizen of Hamilton County, 
served five years as justice of the peace. Mr. and Mrs. Harden 
died highly respected as worthy Christians. Mrs. H. was the 
daughter of John Beaty. She was born in Pennsylvania in 
1808, and went with her parents to Ohio when quite young. 

DAVID HOOVER. 

The pioneer whose name heads this article was born in 
Randolph County, North Carolina, September 19, 1787 ; was 
married to Rebecca Bouine January 12, 1807. She was born 
on Staten Island, August 9, 1787. They were married in Ten- 
nessee, in 1807, remained there until 1823, when they came to 
Boone Countv and were the first settlers on Ea^le Creek. Mr. 
Hoover was the first clerk of the county and one of its best 
and most respected citizens. Court was first held at his house 
November, 1830. He moved to Lebanon in 1833 and died 
there December 3, 1835; is buried at the Eagle Creek Bapti:?t 
Church Cemetery. Mrs. David Hoover lived to a good old 
age, dying August 11, 1883. Three children were born to them 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 293 

in Tennessee. Jacob was born May 27, 1808, lives in Coffee 
County, Kansas. He was married to Sallie Lowe, daughter 
of ''Cap." Frederick Lowe. Isaac was born August 1, 1810, 
married to Susan Lane. He died in Kansas in 1864. Mary 
was born May 27, 1812, was married to Elijah Cross, January 
13, 1831. Mr. Cross died in 1879. Mrs. Cross is living on 
the old home farm adjoining Zionsville. Mr. Hoover was 
heavy-set, dark hair and complexion. 



WILLIAM RILEY HOGSHIRE. 

The subject of this sketch was the eldest son of Riley B. 
Hogshire, and was born at Northfield, this county, April 5, 
1835. He spent his early life on the farm, and received a 
meager education in the common school of the village. His 
father being oue of the pioneers of the county, he was brought 
up to know the hardships and privations of early life in a new 
country. 

In 1858 he was appointed Stewart of the Indiana Deaf and 
Dumb Institution, and held the position for several years, 
during which time he was elected one of the board of mana- 
gers. He then, in connection with John F. Council, purchased 
a retail grocery store at No. 25 West Washington street, Indi- 
anapolis, which was afterwards converted into a wholesale and 
retail shoe store, J. B. E. Reid being taken into partnership. 
After carrying on the business successfully several years, 
Messrs. Council and Reid retired, and with George A. Reis- 
ner, Mr. Hogshire continued the business. From this he 
retired about 1876, and located on the farm south of this city, 
where he has since lived. 

Mr. Hogshire has an extensive acquaintance throughout 
the state, and was a faithful adherent to the principles of the 
Democratic party. In 1864 he was the Democratic candidate 
for auditor of Marion County, and with a Republican major- 
ity of between two and three thousand to overcome, came 



294 EAELY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

within a few hundred votes of being elected over Gen. Geo. 
F. McGinnis. 

He married Miss ISIary E. Johnson, daughter of James 
Johnson, one of the wealthy and influential pioneers of Mar- 
ion County, October 5, 1864, and to thera were born two sons 
and two daughters, all of whom are living. Mr. Plogshire 
died at his home surrounded by his family and friends. He 
is buried at Crown Hill Cemetery, Indianapolis. See his por- 
trait in another part of this work. He died February, 1887. 

JAMES HEATH. 

Mr. Heath was born in Clark County, Ind., October 22, 
1822. Came to Boone County in 1860; was married to Eliz- 
abeth Neal, December 5, 1844 ; she died March 6, 1877 ; buried 
at Center Church. The following are his children's names : 
William P., resides in Kansas; Margaret C, resides in Boone 
County; Samuel S., resides in Lebanon, is an active citizen, 
takes interest in the agricultural society, also in the Midland 
Kailroad ; had the honor of driving the last spike on the line, 
January 22, 1886. Sarah J., resides in Boone County; Isa- 
bella, deceased; Louisa, resides in Missouri; Rosana, resides 
in Shelby County, Ind. Maria ^I., resides in Boone County; 
James M., resides in Colorado. His father came to Indiana 
when it was a territory. James Heath is a stanch Republi- 
can, and has belonged to the M. E. Church since 1842; all 
the time a consistent member. He was the second time mar- 
ried to Mary Roax, Febri'ary 19, 1878 ; resides four miles cast 
of Lebanon, on the Noblesville gravel road, where he owns a 
fine farm. Has always been a farmer, until recently, he has 
been engaged in the dairy business. 

J03IAH S. HARRISON, 

The subject of this sketch, was born in Clinton Township, 
Boone County, Ind., October 9, 1843. He spent his early life 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. ' 295 

on the farm, and received his education from the common 
schools of the country. His father, Simpson Harrison, being 
one of the pioneers of the country, he was brought up to know 
the hardships and privations of early life in a new country. 
At the breakino; out of the rebellion voung Harrison became 
enthused with the love of country, and at an age less than 
eighteen years was enrolled in Co. G., 1 1th Ind. regiment, 
under Lew. ^yallace, July 24, 1861, and was discharged at 
Crump's Landing, Tennessee, March 31, 1862, on account of 
general disability. On August 20, 1863, he was married 
to Miss Caroline Riley, daughter of James Riley, a 
well known farmer and stock dealer in this county. They 
lived on a farm in Washington Townships and to them was 
born three sons: Ira E., Edward J. and John B. Eddie died 
at the age of eight years and six months. On February 5, 

1876, he was initiated into the I. O. O. F., at Mechanicsburg, 
and has held every office in the order. On December 14, 

1877, he united with the M. E. Church. 

In April, 1878, he was elected trustee of Washington 
Township, and in the spring of 1881 was appointed to fill the 
unexpired terra of George E. Conrad, and in April, 1882, was 
again elected to the office of trustee, which he held till Sep- 
tember, when he resigned and moved to Lebanon, to accept a 
deputyship under John W. Hawkins, treasurer of the county. 
In 1886 he received the nomination for county treasurer at 
the hands of the Republicans, and beat his opponent, John 
Huber, 51 votes, being elected November, 1886. He has not, 
at this writing, taken his office. 

In February 15, 1880, the wife and mother died, leaving 
the husband and two sons to mourn the loss of an affectionate 
wife and mother. In August 11, 1880, he was again married, 
to Miss Elizabeth A. Keves. 



296 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 



MAJ. H. G. HAZLERIGG. 

Among the prominent men of Boone County of the past, 
the one whose name heads this sketch stands conspicuous. 
For over thirty years he was at the head and front of all the 
advance movements of his adopted county and state. He was 
born in Kentucky, where he resided until neai^middle life and 
where he acquired his education and studied lavv. He repre- 
sented his county in the legislature in his native state. In the 
year 1840 he came to tiiis county where he at once "came to 
the front/' for as early as 1845 he was elected to the state leg- 
islature, representing^ Boone and Hamilton counties, and again 
in 1846, where his talents and business qualities were readily 
recognized. Perhaps the best energies of his life were dis- 
played when the Cincinnati, Indianapolis, St. Louis & Chicago 
Railroad was built and in operation, and, in fact, as long as he 
lived, from first to last, as director, stockholder, agent and 
president did he perform his duties to the entire satisfaction 
of all. The same might truthfully be said as to his relations 
with the Masonic order. Early in life he joined the Blue 
Lodge. Step by step he rose, serving in all the subordinate 
positions of his home lodge, from outside guard to worshipful 
master in the East. Not content with this, he asked for and 
received "all the higher degrees in Masonry and served in 
nearly all the higher offices of the Grand Lodge of the state, 
not stopping until he attained the highest office — worshi{)ful 
grand master of Indiana. He was associated in the banking 
business in Lebanon several years, serving as director and 
president. Mr. Hazlerigg was, up to 1856, a Whig, and after- 
wards acted with the Republican party. Mr. Hazlerigg lived 
and died on his farm adjoining Hazlerigg Station, a place 
named in honor of him on the railroad, six miles northwest of 
Lebanon. He died December 15, 1877, loved and respected 
by all. He was first buried on the home farm, but afterwards 
his remains were removed to Lebanon, where a fine monument 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 297 

was erected to his memory. In person he was of medium 
size, well made, high forehead and general good features. 

Mr. Hazlerigg was first married to Margareth Stone, in the 
state of Kentucky. One child was born to them, Caroline M., 
married to Dr Rollins. Mr. Hazlerigg was the second time 
married to Mary Jemison. The following are the children's 
names born to them : Joshua, James M., David \Y., Henry 
L,, was lost on the steamer Sultana, was captain in the 40th 
Indiana Regiment ; George W., Sarah, died at the age of twelve 
years; Nelly (deceased), Angle, Lidia (deceased), Albert W., 
Dick, died in infancy; Charles, John and Oliver were twins. 
Angle, who married Henry C. Macy, is the only one residing 
in the county. Albert W. resides in Indianapolis, John resides 
in New York City, David W. resides in Indianapolis. Joshua 
was drowned in Sugar Creek, near Thorntown, in 1856. 
Charles resides in Nebraska. 

ROBERT HAMIL 

Was born in Preble County, Ohio, May 18, 1809; married to 
Elizabeth Ne.-bit, August 17, 1830, in Ohio. Came to Thorn- 
town in 1832, where he engaged in merchandising, and 
was one of the pioneer merchants, and was the first postmaster 
there. Was justice of the peace for sixteen years ; a member 
of the Presbyterian Church, and in every way an active, 
influential man. Was a devoted temperance advocate, and a 
free-soiler. Died July 1, 1867; is buried at the new ceme- 
tery in Thorntown. He settled on his farm, one mile east of 
Thorntown, in the year 1834, where he died. Mrs. H. is the sis- 
ter of.the late Dr. Jackson Nesbit, at one time county treasurer ; 
died in Ohio, 1864. The following are the names of Mr. and 
Mrs. Ha mil's children : Robert W., born August 27, 1846 ; mar- 
ried to Sarah M. Henderson ; reside at home. Maggie E., mar- 
ried to James Lambert, born May 12, 1852. She died ten years 
after her marriage. Mr. H. in person was medium size, dark 
hair, fair complexion, good features. 



298 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

JOSEPH HOLLIXGSWORTH. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Union County, 
Indiana, February 12, 1814. His father's name was also 
Joseph Hollingsworth. His mother's name was Patcie Smith ; 
came to Washington Township in 1833. They were born in 
South Carolina. Mr. H., senior, died in March, 187-i; Mrs. 
H. in 1877; buried at Sugar Plain Cemetery. Joseph Hol- 
lingsworth, the subject of this sketch, of Washington Town- 
ship, was first married to Eliza Rose, July 27, 1835. The fol- 
lowing are his children's names: Cornelius, who died in 
infancy; Sarah A., died in infancy; Almira, died in infancy ; 
John, died while young; Mary E., married to ^liles Han- 
Ion, resides in Iowa; Abram R., married to Clara Ball; 
deceased; buried at Thorntown. Oliver S., died September 
22, 1862; Phebe J., married to J. B. Caldwell, resides in 
Thorntown; Joseph A., resides in Iowa ; William X., married 
to Mary F. Hagerman, resides on the home farm ; Elwood M., 
married to ]Miss McDowell. Mr, H. was the second time mar- 
ried to Elizabeth Mann, June 11, 1863; wasthe third time mar- 
ried to Caroline Husted, June, 1876 ; children's names : Ralph 
Eramett, died in infancy; Lena P., and Nella. Mr. H. was 
the fourth time married to Jane A. Kemper, August 16, 1881. 
Mr. H. belongs to the Bapti.-t Church ; v/as raised a Quaker; 
has been living on his farm since 1835. It will be noticed 
that Mr. H. is a very much married man, and if the name of 
Hollingsworth should become lost it will not be his fault. Mr. 
H. resides on the Big Four Railroad, between Ilazelrigg Sta- 
tion and Thorntown, where he owns a fine farm. 

JOHN HIGGINS. 

The subject of this sketch was born near Connersville, 
Ind., September 10, 1814. His parents' names were Jona- 
than and Margaret Higgins; her name was Margaret Shaw. 
Mr. Higgins was married at Thorntown, Ind., December 23, 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 299 

1839. Mrs. Higgins died September 10, 1880, and is buried in 
what isr known as Betliel Cemetery, in Washington Township. 
Mrs. Higgins (Xancy Long) was boru March 6, 1821. This 
interesting family was among the first to settle in that part of 
Washington Township. Mr. H. at once took a great interest 
in his new home, and with his hands made one of the best 
farms in the county. And he is one of the best farmers in 
his townsliip. He has served as Township Trustee, in all, 
near nineteen years. Was elected joint representative for the 
Counties of Boone and Clinton in 1868, over Hon. Henry M. 
Marvin, which will give an idea of his popularity. In ])erson 
Mr. H. is large, fair complexion, light hair and good features. 
He belongs to the Presbyterian Church, In politics, a Repub- 
lican. The following are his children's names: Mary, mar- 
ried to William Adair, died May 19, 1864; Phebe J., died at 
the age of six years; Arminta B., married to Dr. T. H. Har- 
rison, resides at Lebanon, Ind. ; Ollie, married to Walter S. 
Hall, resides on the home farm. In the proper place we 
omitted to say Mr. Higgins served as County Commissioner; 
first appointed to serve out the unexpired term of Newton 
Phillips; afterwards being elected. When canvassing for 
this work we were kindly cared for at his house by him and 
Mr. and Mrs. Hall. 

LEWIS HAUSER. 

Among the pioneers of Boone County, we would not forget 
Lewis Hauser. He was born in South Carolina, on September 
14, 1804; was married to Levina Stultz, November 4, 1827. 
Mr. H. came first to Bartholomew County, Indiana, where he 
remained only a few months ; then to Marion County, where he 
lived a short time. In 1836 he came to Little Eagle Creek, 
since which time he has made his hom.e in the county. No 
man stands higher in the county than does Mr. M. Retired 
in his ways, it is true, but after a long life of usefulness 
none dare sav anvthiuir against his intcirritv. He knows all 



300 EARLY LIFE AiND TIMES IN 

about pioneer life. Came poor to the new home; afterwards 
he developed it into a fine farm. He is now living a retired 
life at Whitestown, with the consciousness of having wronged 
no man. Mrs. H. died February 28, 1856. Mr. H. was the 
second time married to Laura J. Lewis, January, 1857. She 
died February 25, 1881. Buried at the Lutheran Cemetery, 
in Union Township. The following are his children's names: 
John L., died in North Carolina; Martha T., married to Rev. 
John Good ; reside near Whitestown ; married March 26, 1841. 
Mary L., died, aged seventeen years; buried at the Lutheran 
Cemetery, in Union County. Charles E., married to Leonia 
Neese ; died, aged thirty-four years ; buried at Lutheran Ceme- 
tery ; Julia A., died aged six years ; George, married to Levina 
Nesee ; resides south of Whitestown a short distance. He 
was county auditor four years. Leander, married Mary Lucas ; 
died in Texas, May, 1869. Amanda E., married to William 
Beeler; died May 11, 1878. Mr. H. is now in his eighty- 
fourth year, and, everything considered, is quite well preserved. 
He has been physically one of the finest made men in the 
county, weighing two hundred pounds, six feet high, and well 
proportioned. Long may this old pioneer live. 

SAMUEL HOLLINGSWORTH. 

Mr. Hollingsworth was born in Union County, Indiana,. 
February 6, 1816. Settled in Boone County in 1833. He 
was married to Fannie Alexander, January 5, 1841. She 
was born in Owen County, Kentucky, December 31, 1818. 
Mr. and Mrs. Hollingsworth settled on the farm they now 
live on, in Jefferson Township, in 1841. Four children were 
born unto them, as follows: Mary J., born February 1, 1842; 
married to George D. Miller on the loth of February, 1872; 
reside on the home farm. W. W. Hollingsworth Avas born 
October 4, 1845 ; married to Mary Chambers, in Owen County^ 
Kentucky, on the 14th of January, 1879 ; resides on the home 
farm. Samuel Hollingsworth was raised a Quaker, to which 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 301 

faith he still clings. Mrs. H. belongs to the Baptist Church. 
This old couple, now in the evening of life, have resided in 
the county over fifty years; have underwent all the hardsliips 
and privations incident to a pioneer life; have contributed 
their part to bring about the changes of the past half century. 
This old pioneer couple reside in Jeiferson Township, two 
miles southwest of Hazelrigg Station. The original Holliugs- 
worth family were from South Carolina. 



WILLIAM HILL 

Was born in Nicholas County, Ky., April 4, 1801 ; married to 
Rachael L. Cowan August 4, 1825. She was also born in the 
same county and state, February 25, 1801. Was among the 
early settlers of Jefferson Township. His father's name was 
■John Hill, who married Dorothy Allen — they are buried in 
Kentucky. Mrs. William Hill died January 10, 1877, aged 
seventy-five years, ten months and fifteen days, and is buried 
in the Cox Cemetery. The following are the names of Will- 
iam Hill's children : Alfred G., born January 12, 1827 ; Doro- 
thy J., born April 17, 1828; John C, born October 2, 1831 ; 
Isaac H., born August 28, 1834 ; Harriet A., born March 28; 
1838; Litha E., born December 9, 1839; William W., born 
March 31, 1842; Rachael L., born July 25, 1844. The fol- 
lowing are deceased: Nancy A., Isaac H., and Litha E., and 
-all are buried in the Cox Cemetery. John C. Hill, third 
•child of William Hill, was married to Nancy J. Caldwell July 
30, 1858; the following are his children's names : Cheever 
O. and Minnie. Mr. John C. Hill was again married to Mary 
-J. Cowan, October 12, 1865. The following are the names of 
his children by the second marriage: Elizabeth and Eva 
(twins). Mr. Hill is now living on the farm where he was 
bom, fifty-five years ago, in Jefferson Township, one and one- 
half miles northwest of Dover. Is one of the best men and 
•citizens in his township, and is a Republican that never held 



302 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

any office. Himself and family we thank for kindnesses 
received. John C. Hill's grandfather's name was John Hill, 
died May 4, 1854:; his wife, Dorothy Hill, died December 2, 
1851, buried in the Cox Cemetery. 

MATTHEW HARRIS. 

This pioneer first saw the light of day in Tennessee, and 
on the 5th day of March, 1816. Came to Boone County in 
1831. ^Married to Martha Furgason, February 11, 1836, in 
Jefferson Township. The following are the names of their 
children : Judith J,, married to Samuel Lothlin ; William F., 
married to Alice Potts, February, 1867; he was in the army; 
is buried at Thorntown ; his wife died in December, 1885; is 
buried in the Cox Cemetery; Martha A. married to Michael 
D. Campbell, resides in Xebraska; Sarah A., died at the age 
of eighteen years, buried at the Cox Cemetery ; Robert W., 
died at the age of sixteen years; Hannah M., died in 1851, 
at the age of three years; Mary E., died in infancy; Ehvood 
T., born January 1, 1854, married to Mary E. Mesraore ; they 
reside in Jefferson Town-hip. Matthew Harris died December 
29, 1860, buried in the Cox Cemetery. He was a member of 
the Missionary Baptist Church, as was also ISIrs. Harris, who 
was born in Union County, Ind., February 4, 1816. Mr. H. 
was of medium size, dark hair and dark complexion. 

MANUEL HIESTAND. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Fairfield County, 
Ohio, on the 28th of April, 1813. Came to Boone County in 
1842. Settled in Jefferson Township where he now resides. 
He was married to Mary Shreve on the 6th of December, 
1840, in Fairfield County, Ohio. Miss Shreve was born in 
same county, July 26, 1813. The following comprise his fam- 
ily: Asa F.; lives in Jefferson Township; Eliza; Amanda 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA, 303 

M. Asa is married to Liicinda J. Sutton ; Eliza to John F. 
Routh ; Amanda to James W. Roark. All reside in Jefferson 
Township. Mr. and Mrs. Hiestand belong to the United 
Baptist Church. Mr. Hiestand has served acceptably as town- 
ship tru'tee several years, is a Republican in politics and one 
of our best farmers, and throughout one of the best citizens of 
the county. 

ALMOND HEADY, 

Of Jackson Township, was born in Kentucky, September 26, 
1810. His father's name was Thomas Heady, born in Penn- 
sylvania, April 15, 1780. His mother's name before marriage 
was Rebecca Goodwin, born in Pennsylvania, October 15, 
1883. They were married in Kentucky; lived there until the 
year 1814, when they came to Monroe County, Indiana; 
remained there six years and then went to Putnam County, 
Indiana, and remained there until the year 1838; then went 
to Jackson Township, Boone County, where they lived many 
years. They moved to ^Missouri, where Mr. Heady died. 
Mrs. Heady returned to Boone County; died here in 1863, is 
buried at the Union Cemetery in Jackson Township. Mr. 
Almond Heady, the subject of this sketch, was four times mar- 
ried, first to Catharine Spencer in 1830. She was born in 
1814, died July 8, 1853. The second time to Charlotte Davis, 
September, 1853, she died March 18, 1858. Third time to 
Maiy Ellen Kise, September, 1858, she died November 12, 
1869, is buried at Union Cemetery. The fourth time to Car- 
oline Davis, September 26, 1870, with whom he is now living 
at Jamestown. It will readily be seen that Mr. Heady is a 
much married man, the father of nineteen children. Will try 
to give their names if they don't get away. By his first wife: 
Eliza A., Sarah E., Rebecca C, who died at the age of eight 
years; Andrew J., Thomas W., Richard V., Imri P., Nicho- 
las C, Elisha F., Martha J., Lafiiyette P., all living but 
Rebecca and Elisha. To the second marriage were born 
James D. and Minerva, both died in infancy. To the third 



304 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

marriage were born five childrou, names as follows: Alitha 
E., Charles R., Mary H. Two died in infancy. Charles died 
dt the age often years. To the fourth but one child was born, 
Nettie C, born December 26, 1871, Mr. Heady is a Jackson- 
ian Democrat, and one of your clever, upright men, strong, 
well built, six feet high. First settled near old Union Church 
where he developed a fine farm out of the woods, mostly with 
his own strong hands, assisted by his older sons. While can- 
vassing for this work we were kindly cared for by Mr. and 
Mrs. Heady. 

JOHN HOWARD. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Mason County, 
Ky,, in 1801, He was married to Margaret Alexander, in the 
state of Ohio; came to Boone County in 1837; settled in 
Clinton Township, entering his land there. He died on Sep- 
tember 20, 1869; buried at Union Cemetery. His wife died 
October 23, 1869 ; buried at the same place. The following 
are the names of their children : Cynthia A., Mary J., John 
W., James, killed in the battle of Chicamauga, 1863; William 
J., Henry W., Addison L., Richard W. : all living but James 
A. There was at one time five of the brothers in the late war. 
Cynthia A. married Andrew Howard, resides in Cass County, 
Ind. IMary J., married to L. F. Wilson, resides in Cass 
County, Ind. John W. resides in the state of Missouri. Will- 
iam J. resides in Kansas. Three reside in this county, viz, : 
Henry W., Addison L, and Richard W. Mr. and M-rs, John 
Howard were members of the Christian Church, 

MANSOX HEAD, 

Mr. Head, son of Simeon Head, who kept for so many 
years the leading tavern on the Michigan road, is now a citi- 
zen of Zionsville and has been for twenty-five years, and where 
he enjoys the confidence and respect of his fellow citizens. 




,<t^.\. 



■ ' ,^v-'' J- ."^^ -^'^ ^ 



i 



■m. 



M^^^M^ 



FKANOIS M. BUSBY, 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 



305 



He has served as Trustee for a term of years ; also as Couuty 
Commissioner of the county four years ; in every respect to the 
entire satisfaction of the people. He has for many years been 
an active member of the Masonic Order, and has served as 
^y. M. of the Ziousville Lodge time immeniurial, which 
capacity he has tilled with dignity and fairness, such as has 
rendered him a desirable one to fill the chair in the east. In 
his nature he is retired, never seeking to intrude himself be- 
fore the public; and be it said to his credit, he has filled all 
the above honorable places without his special seeking. Mr. 
Head is now just in his prime, being about fifty years of age, 
well preserved. He was the first man in Boone County to 
sign for the " Early Life and Times in Boone County." We 
hope he may live long to read it. He is a live Republican. 

JAMES IRWIN 

Was born in East Tennessee, September 8, 1812; married to 
Elizabeth Detrick, November 25, 1830, born in Virginia, 
February 9, 1811. Removed from Harrison County, Ind., to 
Boone County in 1834; settled near Lebanon, remaining 
there a short time, when he entered forty acres of land, known 
as the James Potts land. He built a log house on it, cleared 
fifteen acres, when he sold it. He then bought eighty acres 
near Dover, in Jefferson Township, moved on it in 1844, add- 
ing to it until he had 112 acres. This he sold and removed 
to where he now lives, near Dover, and adjoining it on the 
west. Mr. Irwin has done an untold amount of hard work. 
Illustrative of this he says he cut and split five hundred rails 
in a day and made one shoe at night; not only one day, but 
often. On removing to Boone County he had no capital save 
a strong pair of arms and willing hands, assisted by his worthy 
helpmaCe, who at all times stood by and acted with him in his 
undertakings, and now this worthy couple reside at their well 
earned home, at the age of seventy-three years, enjoying the 
20 



306 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

repose of a long and active life. They have had seasons of 
discouragement and disappointment, no doubt, especially in 
their struggle to get a start in their new home. The follow- 
ing are their children's names, nine in number, five boys and 
four girls : William J., born March 23, 1831, married to Mary 
A. Boone, July 19, 1857, deceased January 2, 1861. John 
W., born April 2, 1834; married to Alraira Hall, January 2, 
1858; died July, 1860. Margaret A., born December 1, 
1836; married to Jacob L. Pyles, September 20, 1857; died 
April, 1881. Mary J., born January 31, 1838; married to 
O. S. Kern, February 18, 1858. Robert S., born February 
17, 1841 ; married to Mary E. Dooley, October 30, 1864. He 
served three years in the late war. Sarah E,, born March 22, 
1844; married to William V. Payne, January 26, 1870. 
James W., born July 27, 1848; married to Sarah E. Bush, 
September 18, 1873; is now living on the home farm. David 
and Martha (twins), died in infancy; all buried at the Pleas- 
ant View Cemetery, in Jetferson Township. Mr. and Mrs. 
Irwin belong to the Pleasant View Church, in Jefferson 
Township. 

Mr. Irwin, in an early day, killed a deer without any ham- 
mer on his gunlock, taking his shoe hammer to hit the cap 
with, after taking deliberate aim. He knew where it was in 
the habit of coming, watching when he killed it, as above 
stated. The deer did not fool around there any more. 

JONATHAN ISENHOUR. 

Mr. .Isenhour was born in North Carolina, November 15, 
1815. He was the son of John Isenhour who came to Ten- 
nessee in the year 1816. Jonathan Isenhour came to Boone 
County in the fall of 1848, first settling in Worth Township, 
where he has since resided. Though he was not strictly a 
pioneer, he came to Worth when the county was quite new 
and undeveloped, and consequently helped to clear away the 
heavy forest of that locality. He now resides quietly in 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 307 

Whitestown, having a few years ago left his farm. He was 
married to Margaret Whisermad, November 9, 1837. x^Iiss 
Margaret Whisermad was born in A^irginia, December 22, 
1818; her father moved to Tennessee when she was five years 
of age, and to Monroe County, Indiana, when she was eleven 
years of age, and where she and Jonathan Isenhour were mar- 
ried. To them were born ten children, seven boys and three 
girls, as follows : Rebecca L., born October 19, 1838 ; married 
to Samuel I. Laughner. She died October 20,1884.. Isaac J., 
born January 5, 1841 ; married first to Sally Laughner; died 
June 23, 1877. Isaac was again married to Mrs. S. E. Lari- 
more, widow of the late Dr. Jeremiah Larimore, March 7, 
1878. Mr. Isaac Isenhour had one child born to his first wife, 
Zenley, born October 24, 1869. (His last wife was the daugh- 
ter of the late John Dulin.) John E. Isenhour was born Jan- 
uary 19, 1843; married to Anmariah Miers. George W. was 
born September 29, 1845; married to Anna Slarks. James 
was born December 11,1847; married to Lidia Marklin. 
William AY. was born May 15, 1850 (in Boone County; all 
previous, in Monroe County, Indiana) ; married to Mary Cla- 
mon. Ellen was born January 25, 1853; married to John T. 
Day. Six of the above are now living; the deceased mem- 
bers of the family are buried at the Lutheran Cemetery, in 
^yo^th Township, east of Whitestown. To Isaac Isenhour we 
are indebted for the abo%^e dates and names. He resides one 
and a half miles northwest of Whitestown, and where he owns 
a fine farm. We are thankful to him and family for favors 
shown while getting items for this work. 

JOHN KINCAID. 

Prominent among the farmers of Boone County are the 
Kincaids, there being several different families of them. They 
reside in the eastern part of the county, about eight miles cast 
of Lebanon. 

John Kiucaid, the person I write about in this sketch, was 



308 EAELY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

born in Washington County, Pa., March 16, 1795. He M'as 
a son of John and Martha Kincaid, the youngest of nine 
children, he being the only one that yet survives. He 
served as an apprentice at the cabinet trade, and worked at 
that business until he took up the trade of gunsmithing. 

Mr. Kincaid went as a' substitute in the AVar of 1812, 
about August, for Robert Carr; served until November of the 
same year and was discliarged. 

In the year of 1815, February 2, he was united in marriage 
to Miss Christina Pope, who was born in Trumble County, O., 
1791, and survived until July 10, 1885. You may count it 
up, and you will find that they lived together as man and wife 
about seventy years, a very uncommon thing. They resided 
in Trumble County, O., until the spring of 1848, when they 
moved to where he yet resides with his son Frederick. He and 
his wife both joined the Methodist Episcopal Church at the 
same time, in the year 1827, of which they have been constant 
members ever since, attending services when health would 
permit. The first vote he ever cast was for James Monroe, 
and has always voted the Democratic ticket, until he voted 
for Peter Cooper, which was the last vote he ever cast. Mr. 
Kincaid has a relic, an old coffee-mill which his father and 
mother used. It is now in the neighborhood of 120 vears 
old, and still it grinds. He has raised a family of six children, 
of whom three are yet living, as follows : Frederick was born 
December 14, 1815, now living on the old homestead, of whom 
you will see a sketch in our book; Sarah A., born September 
26, 1818, married John Dunlap, and died April 8, 1875; 
Lucinda, born February 2, 1821, married William Mcllrce, 
died July 3, 1850; John, born October 17, 1822, married 
Mandy Cemeus, resides in Trimble County, O.; Calvin R., 
born July 25, 1826, died July 21, 1830; Mandy S., born Sep- 
tember 3, 1829, married Homer Davis, not living together, 
she resides in Shakopee, Harrison County, Minnesota. 

Mr. and Mrs. Kincaid have lived a very happy life. He 
has always been a hard-working man, gunsmithing being his 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 309 

favorite trade, farming some through the summer season. lie 
is at present very feeble ; resides on his old stamping-ground, 
with his son Frederick, and looked after with great care. 

JACOB JOHNS, Sr. 

Jacob Johns, Sr., was born in Hardin County, Ky., Janu- 
ary 11, 1801, during John Adams' administration, the second 
President of the United States, two years before the purchase 
of the Louisiana territory of Napoleon Bonaparte. He was 
six years old when Robert Fulton set afloat the first steamboat 
in the world ; eleven years old at the breaking out of the 
second war with Great Britain, and fifteen years old when 
Indiana, the nineteenth state, was admitted to the Union. 
Was twentv-three vears a resident of Harrison County, Indi- 
ana, when General Lafayette made his last visit to America, 
and twenty-five years old when the first railroad was built in 
the United States. These facts are related in this connection 
merely to show what a grand panorama of events was transpir- 
ing, and what wonderful changes were wrought in this state 
and the United States that this old patriarch lived to see. As 
a brief history of his fiither (Henry Johns) and his mother su 
far as is known has been given in a previous number, it will 
only be necessary to say tliat he came of European ancestors, 
who emigrated to America during the revolution, and after- 
ward settled in Hanlin County, Ky. He was next to tiie 
youngest child of a family of nine children, six brothers and 
two sisters and one half-brother. It is not known exactly 
when he left Kentucky and came to Indiana. It is known, 
however, that he was living in Harrison County, Ind., in 
1823, as he went back to Hardin County, Ky., and was mar- 
ried to Harriet Stevens, July 13, in that year. He returned 
to his former home in Indiana immediately after, when he 
moved with his wife and child, three months old, to Mor/un 
County. An incident of the voyage was the upsetting of the 
wagon and spilling the folks out; however, without serious 



3]( EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

resull?. In that day and for years afterward, drivers rode one 
hoise and guided the other with the rein. In the fall of 1831 
he entered 240 or 280 acres in Boone County, in Union Town- 
ship, south of the present site of Big Springs. And in ^Starch, 
1832, during sugar-making, he moved his family, now con- 
sisting of his wife and four children, camping out until the 
house was built. As soon as the roof was on and the cracks 
chinked, he moved in on a dirt floor. The men who helped 
him laise his house were Daniel Stevens, now a very old man 
in the southern part of Iowa ; William Johns, a nephew, now 
in Sullivan County, aged about seventy-five ; and Eli Cragus- 
son, of whom all trace is lost. He cleared up about fourteen 
acres and put it in cultivation, where there had not been a 
stick amiss that spring. He had but two neighbors at that 
time — Henry Koutz, a mile south on the Noblesville road, 
and Benjamin Crews, three miles southwest on the Michigan 
road, where one of Boone County's ex-representatives, Henry 
Marvin, now lives. The road hands were cutting out the 
Michigan road along there when the family moved up. There 
was but one place in the city of Indianapolis that could be 
called a store when he moved to Boone, and he could have 
bought land at S2.50 and S3. 00 per acre then, that is now away 
inside the city limits. He entered several hundred acres at 
various times afterward, some of which he sold to settlers, and 
the remainder he gave to his children. His farm in this 
almost unbroken wilderness soon became the nucleus of a 
thriving settlement. Curtis Pritchard, Sampson Hartman, 
John Hartman, Jacob Parr, Isaac Sright, who were already 
there ; Joel Richardson, John Davis, and perhaps others long 
since" dead, located in convenient neighboring distances for 
those days, and a flourishing settlement was soon established. 
Tom Wooden, the subject of a former sketch, was caught 
within its limits, but soon disappeared, and it was thought all 
trace of him was lost, but it now transpires that he wa.^ still 
living but a short time ago at an advanced age, in the far 
West, and he may be the subject of another sketch in this 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 311 

department soon. These hardy old pioneers, several of whom 
had seen service under Jackson and Harrison, had large fami- 
lies, and soon felt the need of school facilities, and right here 
it appears that Prof. LaFollette, of Lebanon, now the worthy 
state superintendent of public instruction, has been wrongly 
informed as to the location of the first school house in Marion 
Township. For a few more settlers had dropped in above this 
nucleus, they divided the distance, united strength, and erected 
a log school house on the east bank of Eagle Creek, in Marion 
Township, along the line between Union and Marion, a half- 
mile west of the present site of Big Springs, on what was 
known in an early day as the Jonathan Scott farm, now owned 
by John Stephenson. And in this house, from the best infor- 
mation at hand, was taught the first school in a school house, 
and the first singing school in Marion Township. That por- 
tion of Union Township south of the Noblesville road and 
west almost to the Michigan road, assisted in building the 
house, and all who wished to send to school there for a short 
time. Schools were taught solely on subscription at that 
time and for years afterward. Settlers coming in and the pop- 
ulation increasing rapidly, a subdivision was thought neces- 
sary, and a log school house was erected on the northeast cor- 
ner of the Jacob Johns homestead, where it remained for 
years after a new frame had been built, a memento of 
early days. 

JESSE JACKSON, 

One of the pioneers of Jefferson Township, and one who 
has been identified with the county's best interests for years, 
was born in Jefferson County, Ind., April 22, 1822 ; came to 
this county in the year 1836 ; chose as a helpmate through life 
Miss Armilda A. Stephenson, to whom he was united in mar- 
riage March 10, 1853. Miss Stephenson was born in Ken- 
tucky, June 18, 1824; came with her father, John Stephenson, 
in 1832. Mr. Jackson was county commissioner for a term of 
years from 1874 to 1878. He died June 4, 1881 : is buried at 



312 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

the Dover Baptist Cemetery, near where he lived so long, and 
where he was highly esteemed as a friend and neighbor. In 
person Mr. Jackson was six feet high, dark hair, fair complex- 
ion, strong and active. His widow is vet living on the home 
farm, just north of Dover. The following are his children's 
names: John G., born June 24, 1854; died July 7, 1879. 
William, born December 6, 1855 ; married to Sarah B. McLain. 
Mary K., born July 12,1862; married to Morton L.Hill. 
Mr. Jackson was member of tlie Regular Baptist Church. 

JACOB JONES, Sr. 

Mr. Jones, one of the pioneers of Union Township, was 
born October 18, 1794; died in Oregon, 1870. He married 
Eli?:abeth Calvert; born March 4, 1793; died January 1, 
1829. They were married May 9, 1812, in Green County, 
Penn ; Mr. Jones moved to Boone County in 1833 ; set- 
tled on the Michigan road a short distance south of Xorth- 
field, where he resided till the year 1852, when he, with 
most of his family, moved to Oregon. He was a grand old 
man and pioneer, just the man for a frontier life, strong and 
active, who knew no such a word as fail. Honest in everthing 
that word means. He helped develop Boone County from a 
wilderness to a comparatively fine country. He raised a large 
family, named as follows: Sarah, born in 1809 ; John, born 
in 1813: Jacob, born in 1814; Isaac, born in 1816; Abra- 
ham, born in 1818; James, bora in 1821; Lewis, born in 
1823; Samuel, born in 1825 ; Margaret, born in 1827; Henry, 
born in 1835; George, born in 1837; Harvey, born in 1839. 
Most of-this family are dead. Samuel was drowned in Ore- 
gon ; one daughter died on the plains in 1852, en route to 
Oregon. 

Jacob .Jones, Jr., and third son, is the only one now living 
in this county; resides on the Michigan road, where he has 
lived most of his life. He was about eighteen years of age 
when his father came to the county ; owns a fine farm, and is 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 



313 



regarded as a No. 1 man. The Jones family will be 
remembered in time to come as one of prominence in the 
county. The elder Jones kept public house on the Michigan 
road many years, and where the old '' stage coach " stopped at 
and exchanged horses. Samuel Jones drove the old coach 
teem for many years, and I believe Jacob Jones, Sr. was the 
contractor. He was a large man, very square built, florid 
complexion, light hair. Many who read this imperfect sketch 
will call to mind Jacob Jones, among the best men who ever 
lived in Boone County. He was the second time married, and 
three children were born to him, who reside in Oregon. Their 
names are : Mark D., Mahala and Howard ; their birthdays 
are not given. 

JOSEPH JACKSON. 

Mr. Jackson, one of the early settlers of Jackson Town- 
ship, was born in Gilbert County, North Carolina, March 2, 
1803; married to Martha Heady (who was born in Kentucky, 
December 23, 1804) in 1825. Soon after they were married 
they came to Putnam County, Indiana, where he resided until 
1835, when they came to Boone County, settling on the farm 
now owned by John Leek near Ward Postoffice. Mr. Jack- 
son died March 1, 1876, Mrs. Jackson died January 20, 1885, 
both buried at the old Union Cemetery in Jackson Township. 
Mrs. Jackson was a member of the Christian Church. There 
were born to this family the following named children : Thomas 
H., Joseph, Elisha, Rebecca, Emsley, Sarah A,, George, Lydia 
E., Mary E., Lewis M., Amanda M. Of this family Joseph, 
Elisha, Amanda, Emsley and George reside in Boone County. 
Thomas H. resides in Kansas; Sarah A. resides in Hendricks 
County, Indiana; Lydia E. resides in Cowley County, Kan- 
sas. Mr. Elisha Jackson, third child of this early family, was 
married to Elizabeth J. Hendricks, resides in Jackson Town- 
ship, where he owns a fine farm and is one of the substantial 
farmers of the county. I am indebted to him for favors 
received in gathering material for this work. 



314 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 



FREDERICK KINCAID, 

A son of John and Christina Kincaid, was born in Trurable 
County, Ohio, December 14, 1815. Came to Boone County 
April 23, 1847. He purchased the farm that he still lives on 
of Thomas Osburn, who entered it; he has been a hard worker 
in his time, has improved his farm and made it what it is. 
He was married to Rachael Stogdill, October 11, 1837; the 
result of this marriage was nine children, of whom four are 
deceased. Levi, born August 28, 1842, was married to Mar- 
garet Edwards, is living in Marion Township, Boone County; 
Anthony, born December 26, 1844, was married to Christina 
Cobb ; Anthony is very popular among the people of Boone 
County, commonly known as "Quart;" he owns a fine farm in 
Marion Township, is a substantial, energetic farmer and stock 
trader; Manda, born August 22, 1847, still lives with her 
father and mother; Martha Jane, born December 20, 1849, 
was married to Theodore Staton, resides in Center Township, 
Boone County, Indiana; William A., born September 23, 
1852, married to Darthy Cobb, January 22, 1879, is one 
of the most substantial farmers and stock raisers in Marion 
Township, owns a fine farm just immediately south of his 
father's. 

THOMAS KERSEY, 

Born In Kentucky, ]S^icholas County, April 12, 1802. He 
was married to Miss Elizabeth Hinton, January 3, 1827. 
Mr. Kersey came to Boone County in March, 1831, and en- 
tered eighty acres of land between what is known as Hazelrigg 
Station and Lebanon. In the following fall he and his wife 
and two children started to their wilderness home, on the ISth 
day of October, and completing their journey November 5, 
1831. The result of their marriage has been a very fruirtul 
one, being twelve children, seven boys and five girls, as fol- 
lows : Nathaniel, born in Nicholas County, Ky., August 25, 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 315 

1829 ; married to Miss Mary Hemphill, of Boone County ; he re- 
sides immediately south of the old homestead, owning a large 
farm, and ruus a tile factory and saw mill in connection witli the 
farm. "William, born October 15, 1830 ; married for his first wife, 
Miss Mary Slayback, and for his second, Miss Elizabeth Ross. 
Mr. Kersey died May 8, 1886, leaving a widow and childern : 
Lucretia, born April 15, 1832, deceased August 14, 1833 ; 
Martha, born July 8, 1834; married to Adam Kerns, of 
Clinton Township. She died January 6, 1871. Benjamin F., 
born April 30, 1836; married Miss Martha Graves, afterward 
to Miss jNIary Coldwell,and reside in White County, this state. 
James H., born December 6, 1837; married Miss Calitha 
Kern. David, born October 20, 1839; married Sarah Graves, 
afterwards to Miss Kessiah Gray ; living just north of the honie 
farm. George W., born January 11, 1841; deceased October 
27, 1874. Mary J., born April 10, 1842; resides in Lebanon. 
Thomas A., born January 7, 1844; married to Martha J. 
Stoops; resides in Lebanon. Joseph, born June 25, 1846; mar- 
ried Charlotte McDaniel. Sarah E., born May 9, 1849 ; mar- 
ried to Clark Kern, and residing on the old homestead. 
Mr. and Mrs. Kersey have undoubtedly struggled with the 
hardships of pioneer life of Boone County. He has never 
moved from the farm that he first settled on, and died there 
July 9, 1876, and is buried at the Beck graveyard. His occu- 
pation has been that of farming. 

COLONEL WM. -C. KISE. 

Wm. C. Kise was born in Fayette County, Kentucky, 
January 30, 1815. In the year 1821 he came with his parents 
to Indianapolis, where they remained one year; again moving 
to Hendricks County, remaining there until the Mexican War 
broke out in 1846, when he enlisted first as a private in the 
First Regiment under the late J. P. Drake, serving one year. 
During the remainder of the war he served as a commissi(med 
officer under Gen. J. H. Lane. At the close of the war in 



316 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

1848 he returned to Hendricks County, where he remained 
only a short time when he came to Boone County. Soon after 
his arrival he was elected County Clerk, in which capacity he 
served eicrht vears. In 1860 he was one of the presidential 
electors of Douglas and Johnson. When the late war broke 
out in 1861 he again buckled on his armor, raised a company 
of young men for the three months' service and was elected as 
captaiu. His company formed a part of the 10th Indiana 
Volunteers, which took such a gallant part in the " Rich 
Mountain " battle. After the three months were out the reg- 
iment re-organized for three years, when he was commissioned 
as Lieut -Colonel by Governor Morton ; was soon after pro- 
moted to Colonel, in which capacity he served until he was, 
on the 17th of Xovember, 1862, honorably discharged. He 
was in command of his regiment at the battles of Mill Springs, 
Perryville, and Corinth. After his return to Lebanon his 
health having improved, he organized the 116th Indiana Reg- 
iment and was commissioned Colonel, and again entered the 
service, serving six months, participating in several battles 
and skirmishes. Mr. Kise was a war Democrat, and as such 
went to the front when his country called, always ready to de- 
fend the flag he loved so well, serving all along the line from 
private to General. After the war was over and peace once 
more smiled lie returned home, where he was loved and hon- 
ored as well as in the field. He is the father of the late 
Reuben C. Kise and J. W. Kise, of Lebanon. He died Sep- 
tember 10, 1884, and was buried at the new cemetery in 
Lebanon. 

REV. JOHN KLIXGLER. 

Mr. Klingler was born in Pennsylvania on February 22, 
1787. When young he went to Kentucky, in 1795, where he 
was married in Bracken County, August 11, 1808, From 
there they removed to Clermont County, Ohio, where twelve 
of the older children were born. In 1831 they came to 
Marion County, Indiana, where they remained until the year 



BOONE COUXTY, INDIANA. 317 

1839, when they became citizens of Boone County, and where 
they lived the remainder of their lives. Mrs. Rachel Klingler 
was born in Kentucky on January 8, 1792. On coming to 
this county they settled on " Irishman's Run," in Eagle Town- 
ship, where Mr. Klingler died, aged eighty years. The follow- 
ing are the names of this family: Joshua, born in Ohio June 
22, 1809; John, born in Ohio November 28, 1810; Martin, 
born February 7, 1812, died in Kentucky, and was buried in 
Marion County, Indiana, October 5, 1828; George F., born 
November 4, 1813, resides in Eagle Township; Frederick, 
born June 19, 1815, died A})ril 20, 18G7 (his wife died June 23, 
1869 — both buried at Salem, Cemetery); Byron, born Novem- 
ber 25, 1816, died in infancy; Polly, born December 4, 1817, 
died October 25, 1879, and buried in Boone County at the 
Pitzer Cemetery; Francis L. was born September 11, 1819 — 
deceased; Catharine, born February 27, 1821, died March 8, 

1823, and buried in Ohio; Samuel, born in Ohio April 30, 

1824, died October, 1868, and buried at the Pitzer Cemetery ; 
Elijah, born in Ohio May 21, 1826, died in Morgan County, 
Ind., January, 1875, and buried at Martinsville; William A. 
born in Kentucky June 1, 1828, resides in Eagle Township; 
Richard P., born in Kentucky, died November, 1870, is buried 
at Pleasant View Cemetery in Union Township; Joel, born 
in Marion County, Indiana, November 6, 1831, deceased. 
Mr. John Klingler, the subject of this sketch, died November 
1, 1848; Mrs. Margaret Klingler, wife of John Klingler, died 
May 29, 1864. It will be seen that nearly all of this large 
family are dead. George married ]\Iiss Nancy Wolf, daughter 
of John Wolf, in 1849. In 1843 Elijah married Mary Steph- 
enson. Joshua was married to Sarah Tibbets in Kentucky; 
John was married to Sarah Roback in 1834; Frederick to 
Muriney Sullivan, February 21, 1843; Polly to Anderson 
Gutterg, 1837; Francis L. to Polly Mullen, August, 1841; 
Samuel to Sarah Lanier, "March 16, 1852; William A. to 
Mary A. Moore, August 1, 1886; Richard P. to Eliza Broa- 
hard, 1847; Joel to Margaret Ray, 1851. 



■318 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 



GENERAL REUBEN C. KISE. 

The subject of this sketch was born August 15, 1840, four 
miles east of Danville, Hendricks County, Indiana, and was 
the first born of three sons of Colonel \yilliam C. and Polly 
A. Kise. His early boyhod was spent in the county of his 
birth; at the age of ten years he came with his father's family 
to Lebanon, Boone County, Indiana, and at the early age of 
eleven years, entered the Boone County Pioneer office to learn 
the printer's trade, which he successfully graduated from three 
years later. 

In 1856 he entered the county clerk's office as deputy and 
continued to act in that capacity under his father, Henry Shan- 
Don, and A. C. Daily, until November 1860, at w^iich time 
the office passed from under the control of his party, after 
which he embarked in the mercantile business until the break- 
ing out of the great civil war, April, 1861. He entered the 
war as a private of Company I, 10th Regiment, Indiana Vol- 
unteers, and filled the various positions of adjutant, 10th Indi- 
ana Volunteers, assistant adjutant general and chief of staff to 
Generals Mauson, Judah, and Scliofield ; major, lieutenant- 
colonel, and colonel of the 120th Regiment, Indiana Volun- 
teers, and was in April, 1865, breveted brigadier-general, by 
President Lincoln, for gallantry in the battle of Kingston, 
North Carolina. He was wounded ouce slightly, and twice 
captured, but immediately paroled eaoh time, and was acknowl- 
edged by all with whom he served to be a superior 'officer. 
In January, 1867, he was appointed as first lieutenant in the 
regular army, and assigned to the 25th United States Infantry 
(Colonel Gordon Granger's regiment), but resigned without 
seeing any service, and returned to his Lebanon home. 

At the close of the war he returned to Lebanon and began the 
practice of law, in which profession he remained until Decem- 
ber, 1870, at which time he removed to Vincennes, Indiana, 
and became editor and proprietor of the Vincennes Sun news- 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 319 

paper establishment, which paper he continued to publish to 
the time of his death. He was the publisher of several news- 
papers in Boone County, the last and most important of which 
was the Boone County Pioneer. 

In 1868 he was the nominee of the Democratic party of 
his state for the office of secretary of state, on the ticket with 
the late lamented vice-president, Thomas A. Hendricks, who 
was the candidate for governor, but party prejudice running 
so high, the entire ticket was defeated at the polls. General 
Kise running several hundred votes ahead of his ticket. 

In the spring of 186G, General Kise was married to Mrs. 
Adelia Shannon, near Thorntown. This union was blessed 
with one child, a son, who survives his father and now lives 
near Crawfordsville, Indiana. 

General Kise was a true gentleman and a successful busi- 
ness man, respected by all who knew him. A man of strong 
convictions and ever ready to battle for the principles which 
he espoused, and had he not been cut off in early manhood, 
would doubtless have graced many honorable positions in the 
State. He died at Yincennes, November 21, 1872, aged thirty- 
two years, three months, and six days. His remains were 
interred at the Rodefer Cemetery, near Lebanon, November 
23, 1872. 

ABNER KNOTTS, 

A native of the old tar state, was born in Gilford County, 
March 29, 1813, was married to Eliza Carson, born June 5, 
1817. They were married about the year 1836. Mrs.Knotts 
died March 16, 1862, is buried at the Nelson Cemetery in 
Clinton County. The following are the children's names by 
the first wife: Mary A., married to 'Squire Nelson; Harriett 
M., married to Martin McDaniel, resides in Clinton County; 
Margaret, married to William. Wildon, died December 24, 
1815, buried at the Nelson Cemetery; Elizabeth J., married 
to George W. Cassaday, resides in Clinton Township. The 
following are the names of the children by the second mar- 



320 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

riage : William, John A., Amret L., all living at home. Mr. 
Knotts owns a fine farm in the northern part of Clinton Town- 
ship, and by industry and economy saved enough to do him 
and have some left for his children. He came to this part of 
the county when it was in the woods, in 1836, when he entered 
his land where he now lives. 

FREDERICK LOWE, . 

One of the pioneers of Boone County, was born in Gilford 
County, North Carolina, October 13, 1786. He was married 
to Patience Grist, in Roan County, North Carolina, in the year 
1811. Remained there until four children were born. Mrs. 
Lowe was born March 17, 1788. The following children were 
born in North Carolina: Sarah, married to Jacob Hoover, 
deceased, buried in Kansas; she was born January 31, 1812; 
John was born March 4, 1813, was married to Elizabeth Van- 
devender January 22, 1837, in Boone County, she died July 
29, 1839, is buried at the Bethel Cemetery, south of Clarks- 
town. Mr. John Lowe was again married to Mrs. Lydia 
Jones, June 27, 1841, died July 17, 1885, is buried at the 
same cemetery; George, born November 3, 1815, married to 
Eliza Davenport, December, 1836, he died in Stockwell, Indi- 
ana, February, 1881, is buried at Bethel Cemetery; Celia, 
married to Jesse Essex, June, 1834, she died in Pulaski 
County, Indiana, is buried at Bethel Cemetery ; Mary, mar- 
ried to James W. Blake about the year 1840, resides in Zions- 
ville; Charity, married to Hiram Woolf about the year 1838, 
resides in Missouri; William G., born November 18, 1822, 
married to Melia Jones in the year 1844 ; Nancy, born in 
1824, married to Asa Cox, re-ides in Kansas, her husband is 
dead, as is Mr. Hiram Woolf; David G., born February 16, 
1826, married to Terresa A. Wolf; Benjamin F., born in the 
year 1835. Two died in infancy. 

Mr. Lowe came to Boone County in the year 1826 and set- 
tled on Eagle Creek. He died March 20, 1866. Mrs. Lowe 




JAMES M. MARTIN. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 321 

died May 13, 1878, buried at Bethel Cemetery, both members 
of the Christian Church. Ho was the county agent and one 
of the tirst county commissioners. In person Mr. Lowe was 
tall, full six feet one inch high, fair complexion, light hair, 
weight 185 pounds. He acquired tlie name of captain that 
stayed with him all through life by being captain of the Indi- 
ana Militia in 1827. The first meetings were held at their 
house. He gave the land on whicli to erect the Eagle Creek 
Regular Baptist Church, tlie first church in the county. In 
the death of these two pioneers Boone County lost two 
valuable citizens, who helped deveIo[) this county from a 
wilderness. 

THE LANE FAMILY, 

Consisted of four brothers, who came to Boone County in 
1835. Their names were as follows : Addison E., Josiah C, 
Lewis and Levi; all now deceased except Levi, who resides 
in Lebanon. They were the sons of William &nd Sarah Lane, 
who died in Tennessee. Addison E. was born in Grange 
County, Tenn., in the year 1804; was married to Sarah Den- 
nis about the year 1824 ; came to Putnam County, Indiana, 
1825; bought land near Greencastle. Josiah C. was born 
February 11, 1806; was in 1828 married to Minerva Tomlin- 
son, in Putnam County, Ind. Lewis was born in Tennessee, 
1810; came to Putnam County in 1827; married there to 
Emma Jackson. Levi, the only one now living, was born in 
Grange County, Tenn., July 9, 1815; he was married to 
Pheraby Hayes, September, 1841, in Lebanon, where he came 
a short time previous. Mr. Levi Lane was, on his arrival, 
installed as deputy clerk under S. S. Brown, and lias served as 
deputy and county clerk by election, thirty-nine years — so lonn- 
and so well did he serve as to have no equal in that capacitv. 
He served three terms as county commissioner to the entire 
satisfaction of all the people. The following are the names of 
his children : Henry S., Clara L., E. T., druggist in Leba- 
21 



322 EARLY JAFE AND TIMES IN 

non ; married to Ella Dougherty ; J. B. Lane, married to Eliza 
Jenks; resides in Oxford, Ind. ; ]Millrod W.; resides at home ; 
Albert L., resides at home; married to Mollie Robinson; 
Eddie lives at home. Mr. and Mrs. Lane belong to the M. 
E. Church. Addison E. and Josiah C. Lane enwa^ed in the 
mercantile business in Lebanon for several years. Lewis en- 
gaged in farming in 1849. Addison E. and fomily moved to 
Texas, and both died there in 1873, in a few hours of each 
other. Lewis Lane died near Lebanon, in 1880; his wife 
died in 1877 ; but buried at the Brockway Cemetery. Josiah 
C. died in Lebanon, May 11, 1885; his wife died in 1883; 
all buried at the cemetery in Lebanon. This is a brief sketch 
of an early and interesting family, highly esteemed by all. 
Long may their memory live. The Lane family mostly were 
members of the M. E. Church. 

HARVEY MAPvIOX LaFOLLETTE. 

The career of Mr. LaFolIette shows a man of pre-eminent 
usefulness, holding a prominent place among the men M'hose 
industry and ingenuity have illustrated the history of the 
west. Few have done more or obtruded themselves less than 
himself. His success, like all great successes, has been 
achieved against constant disappointments. Perseverance and 
indomitable energy have been characteristics of ]Mr. La Fol- 
lette's life, which has been one of struggle, self-reliance, bold 
efforts, hard won though inadequately required succes. He 
was a son of Harvey and Susan C. LaFoIlctte, born in the 
state of ^yisconsin, near Madison, September 8, 1858; two 
years later removed to Indiana, and made their final home in 
Thofntown, Boone County, Indiana, where his father was acci- 
dentally killed by putting a new wheel in his flouring mill, in 
1865, leaving a widow and "six small children, Harvey being 
the fourth. 

Young LaFolIette received his early education in the 
Thorutown academy, entering school for the first time at the 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 323 

age of nine years, passing in five years through the primary 
grammar grades, finishing Ray's higher algebra, and studying 
geometry and Latin. His summer vacations were spent in 
farm work and in the village stave factory. Every dollar 
earned was invested in books of histories and travels. Skat- 
ing to an excess in severely cold weather brought on hemor- 
rhage of the lungs, and at the age of fourteen he was taken out 
of school for nearly three years. During these three years he 
spent most of his time reading the Thorntown library, it being 
at that time one of the most complete libraries in the state. 
In 1874 he attended for a time at the Friends' school, at Sugar 
Plain. In 1876 he entered the junior year of the classical 
course in \Yabash College, at Crawfordsvillo. but had scarcely 
begun his term when he was threatened with a relapse of the 
disease. He then decided to seek a milder climate, where 
he might hope to secure the coveted education without the 
certain sacrifice of his health. He determined to go to France, 
and in the sunny land of his forefathers seek at once health 
and culture. 

It was certainly a great undertaking for a boy of eighteen, 
with but little money and no acquaintances in Europe, to go 
alone among strangers, trusting to make his way by his ov.'n 
ability. He embarked from Xcw York, February, 1877. He 
.studied two years in Paris at the College of France, the Acad- 
emy of Paris and the Ecole des Ponts et Chaussees. At the 
last named he took the regular })olytechnic course with the 
view of an outdoor life, at the same time keeping up his favorite 
studies in metaphysics and the languages, taking the full course 
und'jr Laboulaye, Franck and Guillaume Guizot, at the Col- 
lege of France. 

To assist in maintaining himself he taught at night in the 
international school of languages, under the direction of Mons. 
At the end of two years, having regained his health, he devoted 
his time exclusively to languages, metaphysics and teaching. 
Spent some of his time at the university of Gottingen, and 



324 EARLY IJFE AND TIMES IN ' 

passed six mouths in Rome attending lectures at the Collegi(j' 
llomano and studying the Latin tongues. He traveled 
through Germany, Bohemia, Hungary, Austria, Switzerland. 
Italy, the Xetherlands, France and England, sometimes for 
weeks on foot, sleeping in peasants' houses and learning by 
actual contact the life and speech of the people. 

In 1880 he returned to Indiana, having accomplished what 
he had planned, and in that and the following years he taugiit 
in the Union high schools at Westfield, Hamilton County. 
September, 1881, he took charge of the former institution in 
Tippecanoe County, was elected county superintendeut in 
March; has been re-elected. His work as a teacher and sup- 
erintendent has received great praise from those who are ac- 
quainted with it. The Indiana School Journal, xVugust, 18S(i, 
says of Mr. LaFollette : " He is one of the leading superin- 
tendents in the state. He is perhaps the most scholarly man 
in the field. He speaks five different languages and studied 
several others. He spent some years abroad studying, and 
owns one of the best private libraries in the state. He is a 
hard v/orker and usually accomplishes what he undertakes." 

At the solicitation of many educational men who knew his 
eminent qualifications for the position Mr. LaFollete was a 
candidate for the Republican nomination for superintendent 
of public instruction, was nominated September 2, 188(3, and 
after a heated contest was elected on the 2d day of Xovember 
following, receiving a handsome majority over his opponent 
and led his ticket by above two thousand. 

His studies and observations in Europe, his knowledge of 
literature and varied work in the different grades of public 
schools gives him a breadth of knowledge and personal expe- 
rience that especially fits him for the duties of the state super- 
intendency. He succeeded the Hon. John V/. Holcombe, 
March 15, 1887, Mr. Holcombe and Mr. LaFollette being 
the youngest men ever elected to the state superintendency 
by the people of Indiana. His friends feel confident that the 
educational interests of Indiana will be ablv administered bv 



BOONF COUNTY, INDIANA. 325 

him. That the efficiency of the office reached under his im- 
mediate predecessor will be maintained, and that the public 
schools of this great state will continue to be the pride of the 
people during his administration, uo one who knows him can 
doubt. 

SQUIIIE LONG. 

It has been a long time since Mr. Long came to Boone 
County, and longer yet since he was born. The latter event 
occurred April 13, 1802, in Butler County, Ohio. Came to 
Boone County in 1835; married to Sarah Piper, in Ohio, De- 
cember 24, 1826 ; born July 12, 1807. They settled in Wash- 
ington Township, entering a part of his land. Mr. Long died 
June IS, 1842, and is buried at Thorntown ; Mrs. Long died 
July 9, 1883, and is also buried at Thorntown. The following 
are the names of their children : Samuel, married to Caroline 
Ball, resides in Washington Township; James C, married to 
Mary Busby, resides in Lebanon; Josej^h R., resides in Col- 
orado'; Elizabeth E., married to John E. Stuckey, resides in 
Washington Township on the old homestead. i\[r. and Mrs. 
Long VN-cre both members of the Regular Baptist Church, were 
good and useful citizens. They were pioneers indeed. Came 
to the new country with strong hands and willing hearts to 
brave the hardships incident to a frontier life. ^Iv. Long was 
of fine physical form, large, with dark hair and eyes. He was 
a Democrat of the old school. 



WILLIAM J. LAUGHXER. 

Mr; Laughner v.as born in Tennessee and in Green County, 
Xovember 18, 1807. Was married to Catherine Hamean, No- 
vember 18, 1830. Miss Hamean wa> the daughter of Jacob 
Hamean, who w^is also born in Green County, Tcnn. ^Iv. 
and ]Mrs. Lauohner were married by Rev. S. E. Hinkle, To 
them were born twelve children. Seven are living and five 



326 EARLY LIFE AXD TIMES IN 

are dead. Those living are as follows: Samuel J., Ambrose 
M., Anderson G., Martha E., Jacob H., Henry Y., James D. 
Those who are dead are as follows : Mary A., Sallie E., AVill- 
iam J., Margaret, Iraneas B. Mr. and Mrs. Laughner moved 
from Tennessee to Clinton County, Ind., iu the fall of 1843. 
Then to Boone County in 1849, near the town of Whitestown, 
when that part of the county was quite new. Mr. Laughiier died 
July 25, 1870, and is buried at the Lutheran Cemetery, three 
miles cast of Whitestowu. The funeral sermon was preached by 
the late E. S. Hinkle. Mrs. Laughner is yet living at the age 
of seventy-six years, with her children living ai'ound her. 
Both were members of the Lutheran Church, as well as most 
of the family. 

HENllY LUCUS, 

Son of Philip Lucus, was born in Pennsylvania in 1813; 
came with his parents to Worth Township in 1836, and con- 
ircquently were among th(? early settlers of that part of the 
county, lie was in his twenty-thi-d year when he came, just 
entering: strong; manhood, rtadv for the btUtle of life ; and it was 
a battle, for the outlook at that time in "Worth Towsiship was not 
the most flattering, to say the lea-^t. The first few years he helped 
develop his father's farm, teachiug school in the winter, and 
thus acquiring a fair education that proved a great advantage 
to him in after life. Henry Lucus from first to last occupied 
a warm place in the hearts of the people with whom he moved 
and lived, llepeatedly was he elected as justice of the peace 
and township trustee. He served in all about eighteen years, 
with general satisfaction. He vv-as a strong partisan, a Jack- 
sonian Democrat, and as such he was elected to the offices 
referred to above. He was nominated for county recorder in 
1874 by the Democratic party, but wa^ defeated by W. F. 
Morgan by a few votes less than one liundred. In person Mr. 
Lucus was tall, light hair and complexion, a little stooping. 
He did not belons; to anv church or societv. He moved to 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 327 

Putnam County, Ind., about the year 1881, and died there in 
1884 or 1885, highly esteemed there as well as in Boone County, 
where lie lived so lono- and was loved so well. 



JACOB S. LaFOLLETTE. 

Mr. L. was born in Montgomery County, Indiana, Febru- 
ary 17, 1832. Son of Robert LaFollette, one of the pioneers 
of that county. Jacob S. was married to Sarah E. Young, 
September 9, 1856. Miss Young was born in Putnam County, 
Indiana, July 8, 1836, the daughter of AVilliam M. Young. 
Mr. Jacob S. LaFollette and wife moved to where they now 
reside, in the year 1857, on the line dividing Montgomery and 
Boone counties, and near Shannondale, on ]\Iuskrat, or Middle 
Fork of Sugar Creek, and where they own a fine farm, well 
cultivated. Mr. L. is one of the solid men of Boone County 
in every respect, and enjoys the confidence of the people to a 
great extent. He was in 1886 nominated to represent the 
county, but was defeated by a few vot(;s, by J. H. Kelly. The 
following are the names of his children : Sarah J., mar- 
ried to Alonzo Young, resides in Montgomery County. Mary 
F., married to Chester Cory, resides in Jefferson Township. 
William R., married to Xancy C. Beck, resides in Jefferson 
Township. Charles C. re-ides at home.' 

Mr. Jacob S. LaFollette is an uncompromising Democrat, 
of the Jacksonian school, yet he accords to othcsrs what he takes 
for himself. See his and his wife's portraits in another part 
of this work. Mr. LaFollette has served as justice of the 
peace in his township four years; also is assessor for the town- 
ship Jit this time (1887). 



HON. HEXRY M. MARVIX. 

Henry Martyn Marvin was born in Putnam County, X'ev>- 
York, on the 6th day of Xovember, 1821. His birthplace 
was on a farm and dairy, which occupation he followed until 



328 EAELY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

nineteen years of age, wlien he went to New York City and 
engaged in the grocery business for two years, or until he was 
twenty-one years of age, and in April, 1843, started for Indi- 
ana, the then "far west." At that time the railroad extended 
from New York City through Philadelphia to Harrisburg, 
Pennsylvania; then packet boat on canal to Holidaysburg ; 
thence portage railroad, twelve miles over the xVlleghenies, to 
Johnstown; thence by canal packet to Pittsburg; thence by 
steamboat to Cincinnatti, Ohio ; thence by stage coach to Con- 
nersville, Fayette County, Indiana; thence afoot four miles to 
Harrisburg, Fayette County, where he made his home until he 
married and moved to Boone County, on the 5th day of Feb- 
ruary, 1845. There were no railroads west of Harrisburg, 
Pennsylvania, in 1843, and all kinds of travel was of the 
slow order. Times financially, when he came to Indiana, 
were very hard. Indiana was fifteen millions of dollars in 
debt, and could not pay principal nor interest. Almost every- 
body was in debt; it was trade and barter, no money. He 
worked for thirty-seven and a half cents per day in the month 
of June hoeing corn, on the ^Vhite Water Valley, in 1843. 
Worked one month in harvest for thirteen dollars, when work 
was of the hardest, but very little farm machinery being in 
use at that time. Pie tauglit school for six months at ten dol- 
lars per month, and boarded around and collected the money 
at the end of the term for himself, and received every dollar 
of it; not one delinquent. Then he taught nine months for 
one hundred and twenty dollars, and boarded among the schol- 
ars and collected every dollar. He considered the White 
Water Valley at that tin:ie one of the finest countries in the 
world. -When he came to Boone County, in 1S45, it was a 
new country. If you wanted to look offto any distance, you had 
to go out in the Michigan road and look north or south, or 
up in the sky. It was woods everywhere — north, south, east, 
west. What land was cleared was eighteen, inches and under, 
and dead trees were scattered over all the fields, and every 
wind tumbled them do\\n, uiakinu- hard work for the farmer 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 329 

all the time. He bus cleared one hundred acres of heavy 
timber since he came to Boone County; ditched twice over; 
fenced ever so many times. Built house and out-houses that 
took twenty-four thousand feet of lumber, and hauled the logs 
to the mill, and the lumber from the mill. Put out two 
orchards, and tried to fix a home comfortable to live in. In 
the fall of 1S45 he threshed a load of wheat with horses (for 
there were no threshing machines then), loaded up his wagon 
and went to Lafayette, twenty-five miles distant. Was gone 
three and a half days, slept in wagon, took grub for self and 
horses; expenses, not a cent, and got forty-five cents per 
bushel fin- wheat, but got a barrel of salt for a dollar and a 
quarter. Wildcat money ; no two bills on the same bank. 

In the spring of 1850, one morning in April, in going 
along the road on his farm, he met John L. Ivoms and his son 
Absolom, going to Lebanon. He said : "Ain't you going to 
Lebanon?" He asked iiim what was going on at Lebanon. 
He said that there was to be a Democratic convention, and 
that tliev were ojoinc: to nominate Marvin for the le2;islature 
and for him to go and get his horse and go with them. And 
sure enough he was nominated and elected by thirty-eight 
majority, at a cost of less than five dollars. Those were glorious. 
Democratic, honest times. There were twenty-two candidates 
for office in Boone County that year, and you would have smiled 
to see them all on horseback, Indian file, going through the 
wet prairies in Harrison Township, from one grove to another, 
where speaking was done by candidates for the constitutional 
convention, and for tiie legislature. Mark A. Duzan and 
William E. McLane were the Democratic candidates, and 
Judge- Cason, Bill Bowers, and Stephen Xeal were the Whig 
and Independent candidates for the convention, and John H. 
Xelson and Henry M. ]Marvin v.'ere the candidates for the 
legislature on the Democratic ticket, and Joseph F. Dougherty 
(the best posted man on politics I ever knew), and the Rev. 
Keath, were the Whig candidates. Colonel Kise was elected 
«'lerk of the Circuit Court by a very small majority that year. 



330 KARLY L[FE AND TIMES IX 

As Marvin looks back over life's journey of over forty-two 
years in Boone County, he has no regrets, no mistakes to rec- 
tify, does not want to live one day of his life over again, but 
is thankful to God for the many blessings that have bien 
bestowed upon him. He has seen the county grow fro-u a 
wilderness, with its impa-sable swamps and cros-rail roads 
and log cabins, to .one of the finest, riche.-t counties in the 
state, with the best gravel roads, comfortable scho(d houses and 
fine dwelling houses aud barns ; with good chan;iu's all over 
the county, aud good, substantial public buihlings ; with rail- 
roads passing through the county east and we>t. north and 
south, everything to make man comfortable and happy. And 
Marvin flatters himself that he has contributed /t/.s- part in 
bringing this all about up to this present period. You talk 
about pensioning soldiers for their services to their country, 
which is all right and proper, but where is the man more 
deserving than the farmer who has cleared up 100 acres of 
heavy timber and made it blossom as a rose, who made the 
country while they fought to defend it. In Washington Town- 
ship, \yayne County, Indiana, on the 1st of December, 1844, 
was married Henry M. Marvin to Emma E. Elwell, and they 
left the paternal home on her nineteenth birthday for their future 
home in Boone County, where a large family of boys and girls 
were born to them and where many days of joys and -orrows 
have passed and gone. Zelia, the oldest, married Wm. 11. 
Dooley, April 4, 1SG6, and died March 6, 18G7, aged twenty- 
one years. Laura, the second, died November 14. 1SG4, six- 
teen and one-half years of age. Eli, the third, was born 
August 9, 1850, and married Jennie Snyder, daughter of John 
Snydov. Esq., of Clinton County, Indiana. They have one 
son, LeGrand, eleven years of age. Martha Bell was born 
December 23, 1852, and died at six and a half years of age. 
Joseph Miner was born December 22, 1855, and died Septem- 
ber 13, 1S82. Jesse Bright was born April 4,1858, and mar- 
ried Anna Spahr, daughter of John Si)ahr, ex-sheriff of Boone 
County. Thev have one dauixhter, Helen. Ida June was 



KOOXE COUNTY, INDIANA. 331 

born July 3, 1861, and died October 18, 1862. Charles Heiiry 
was born Novenil)cr 20, 1864, and Cord Emma, the ninth, was 
born the 16th of August, 1867. The last two are living with 
their parents at the present time. So you see that Marvin has 
fulfilled the scriptural injunction to increase and multiply. In 
fact, he has tried, in his poor way of doing his duty to God 
and his fellowman, and he feels thankful that he cast his lot 
among this people, who have always been kind, considerate 
and obliging, and he has a pleasant home among themi where 
he expects to spend his days with his companion under as 
pleasant circumstances as usually fall to the lot of poor human 
nature. Thanks to this family for favors. 

JOHN MURPHY, 

A resident of Union Township, and who owns a fine farm on. 
the Michigan road one mile south of Xorthfield, was born in 
"Wayne County, Indiana. December 26, 1827; married to 
Hulda Elwell September 23, 18-46, in Wayne County, Indiana. 
Came to Boone County in 1847, settling on the farm where he 
now resides and wht^re he owns one of the best farms in the 
county. The following are his children's names: Amelia^ 
died at the age of seventeen years, is buried at the Ross Cem- 
etery, in Union Township; Robert died at the age of eight 
years, buried same place; Sarah E. died at the age of seven 
years, is al.-o buried at Ross Cemetery; Ollie, married to 
Walter Kennedy, is buried at Crown Hill Cemetery ; Emma 
died in infancy ; Elmer died at the age of twelve years; Alice 
D. lives at home ; Lilly L. also lives at home. Mr. and ]\Irs. 
Murphy both belong to the Adventist Church, and have given 
liberally of their time and means to build up this society and 
church house in Xorthfield. Lonir mav thev live. 

THOMAS S. METCALF 

Was born in Fayette County, Kentucky, October 16, 1818; 
was married to Mary Brown December 22, 1848, in Owen. 



332 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX *. 

County, Kentucky, and came to Boone County, Indiana, in 
1849. He located in Lebanon, ^Yhere he worked many years 
at blacksmitliing in company with James Wysong. Mr. 
Metcalf now resides in AVashington Township near " Pike's 
Crossing." The following are his children's names: Alice, 
married to Samuel Boyland, died at Lafayette, September 5. 
1873; Simon lives at home; Mary, married to Amos Huston, 
resides at Thorntown, Ind. ; Susan, married to ^lartin A"an- 
tyle, resides near Kirkland ; Amanda, married to William 
Starks, died at Lafayette, Ind., June 7, 187G ; Emma, married 
to David Henry, resides in Lebanon ; Thomas M. lives at 
home; Annie, married to Jacob Wills, resides near "Pike's 
Crossing;" Judah, Minnie, Samuel J. and John died in in- 
fancy. Mr. Metcalf is a real Kentuckian. It was our good 
luck to call at his hospitable home during the canvass for this 
work, and was kindly entertained by this good family. 

JAMES M. MARTIN 

Was born in Montgomery County, Ind., August 30, 1839. 
Was married to Caroline Varner December 7, 1859. Two 
■children were born to them — Mary J., born December 17, 
1867, married to Ambrose C. Smith; Roda L., born January 
11, 1879. Mr. Martin was married the second time to Ella 
C. Smith January 13, 187G. Childrens' names by this mar- 
riage: Clara D., born October 3, 1876; Ella A., born Octo- 
ber 29, 1879; James E., born September 18, 1881; John R., 
born September 10, 1883. One child died in infancy, March 
29, 1886. Mrs. Martin was born in Putnam County, Ind., 
December 17, 1853. Mr. Martin's first wife died June 25, 
1874, and is Iniried in Finley Cemetery in Montgomery 
County. James ]\I. ^NFartin and his present wife belong to 
the ]M. E. Church. Mr. Martin is one of the solid men of 
Boone; owns 500 acres of choice land in Jackson Township, 
eight miles southwest of Lebanon and five miles northeast of 
Jamestown. He has splondul buildings, and everything 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 333 

denotes thrift and good husbandry. He began life a poor 
vouug man, determined to succeed in life, and he has done so 
to a great degree. He is among the wealthy men of the 
county. In his " make-up " he is social, foiul of company. 
and enjoys life. See his portrait in another part of this work. 
Mr. Martin is engaged in stock raising and dealing ex- 
tensively. 

JAMES A. McDOXALD. 

This old pioneer first looked out on this world August 8, 
1824. He was born in Nicholas County, Ky. He fir?t 
removed from that state when a boy of nine years. Lived in 
Decatur County, Ind., till 183-i, when he became a citizen of 
this county, where he has ever since resided, first settling in 
Clinton Township. ^Slr. McDonald was married to Elizabeth 
Perkins, daughter of Jesse Perkins, one of the pioneers of 
Boone County. This marriage occurred April 15, 1847. The 
following are their children's names : John R., married to 
Eliza Turner ; Charlotte, married to Joseph Kersey, of Wash- 
ington Township ; Hugh, married to Mary Lindley ; Mary 
A., married to Peter Cox ; she is deceased, and buried in 
Hopewell Cemetery, at the age of twenty-five years ; Robert 
M., lives at home. Mr. and jlrs. Mc. are members of the 
Presbyterian Church, at Hopewell. Mrs. ]\IcDonald was born 
in Rush County, August 26, 1822. Her mother's name before 
marriage was Charlotte Herndon. Mr. Mc.'s parents' names 
were Hu!ih McDonald and Gizelier Rilev. 



WILLIAM McLEAX. 

Mr. ^McLean was one of the early citizens of Boone County. 
He was born November -10, 1805, in the state of Pennsylvania. 
Married to Mariah Jones November 9, 1824, in Wayne County, 
Ind., and came to this county in 1832. Mr. McLean was from 
first to last a prominent man in the county, served as a mem- 



334 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IS 

ber of the constitutional convention in 1852, and other minor 
offices. In person he was line looking, full six feet high, blue 
eyes, fair complexion. Ho died December 19, 1870, and is 
buried at Westport Cemetery in Laporte County, Ind. Mrs 
Mcl^ean is yet living, a well preserved old lady, residing with 
Washincrton Gibson in Jamestown. The following are the 
names of William and ]\Iariah McLean's children: James 
W., resides in Kansas; Samuel R., killed at Fort Gibson; 
William C, died in hospital in Gallatin, Tenn.; Margaret J., 
married to G. W. Gibson, resides in Jamestown ; Mary E., 
married to E. Clemens, resides in Illinois; Sarah E., married 
to D. Piersol (deceased), buried in Laporte County, Ind.; Anna 
M., married to Brice Huston, resides in Chicago; Emily D., 
married to Jiles Cochran, resides in Wabash County, Ind. 
Mrs. McLean was born in Green County, Tenn., April 3, 1809. 



SAMUEL McLEAX 

Was born in Pennsylvania; married to !Mary Smith. Came 
to Boone County in the year ISol, and settled in Jack.-on 
Township near the Montgomery County line. Tvlr. McLean 
served several years as probate judge for Boone County with 
credit to all. He died in 1862, and is buried at Mt. Zion 
Cemetery in Jackson Township. Mrs. McLean died in 18(34, 
and is buried at the same cemetery. In person Mr. McLean 
was a large, fine looking man, fair complexion and light hair, 
weighing nearlv 200 pounds. John and -James McLean, grand- 
son.^, residc'in Jackson Township; both are substantial farm- 
ers and citizens of the county. Their father's name was 
Charles .McLean. He died in Xovember, 1834, and is buried 
at the Porter Cemeterv. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 335 

; ^ JAMES McCAXN 

This old, highly esteemed pioneer was born in Pennsyl- 
vania in 1787; married to Elizabeth Cunningham (who \va^ 
born in Kentucky, 1793), in the state of Kentucky, about the 
vear 1811, Came to Boone County in 1833, where Mr. ]\Ic- 
Cann enter IGO acres of land, part of which is now owned by 
his son William, in Center Township. Mr. ]N[cCann was 
elected county recorder in 1842. Served about ten years to 
the great satisfaction of all. He died in May, 1870; is buried. 
at the Lebanon Cemetery. His wife died in July, 1883, and 
is also buried at the same cemetery. Both Mr. and Mrs. Mc- 
Cann were members of the Christian Church, and were de- 
voted to the work of Christianity. Xo more worthy couple ever 
lived in the county than they. Died highly esteemed by all 
who were acquainted with them. The county and church in 
their death lost two good citizens. The following are their 
children's names: John P., resides in Center Township; 
Robert C, resides in Jefferson six miles west of Lebanon ; 
William G,, resides in Center ; Margaret (deceased); Xancy, 
resides in Jefferson Township ; Mary, resides in Center Town- 
ship, In person Mr, McCaun was of medium size, dark com- 
plexion and hair. 

HON. STEPHEN XEAL. 

Stephen Xeal, the seventh child of John and Priscilla 
Neal, was born on the 11th of June, A. D., 1817, in Pittsyl- 
vania County, State of Virginia. In the autumn of 1819 
his father and family moved from Virginia to Bath County, 
Ky. His father's occupation was farming, and the subject of 
this sketch was trained in the pur-uit of farming until he was 
eighteen years of age. His mother having died when he was 
in his fifteenth year, his father thenceforth gave him his time. 
Up to the time of his mother's death he had had only a few 



336 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IV 

months' selioolitig-, the father residing on a form remote from 
school facilities, rhere then being no public school system in 
Kentucky. However, the subject of this sketch at the age of 
eight years had learned to read. The family's supply of books 
was scant, consisting of a few elementary school books, a few 
histories, biographies, and the bible. Our subject read and 
diligently studied all of these ; and, as opportunity atforded, 
he would borrow books from the neighbors. Among these 
were the histories of Greece and Rome, Harvey's Meditations, 
and Wesley's Notes on the Bible. Such was his early home 
reading. He was an indefatigable student, though his school 
privileges had been so very limited. In his sixteenth year he 
went to reside with and labor for a neighbor by the name oi 
John Rice, who had a fair supply of books, and with whom a 
school teacher named Thomas Xelson also resided. This 
teacher had a good library, and was a Latin and Greek scholar. 
While residing in this family our subject availed himself of 
the opportunity he then had, in reading in a promiscuous 
manner. In his eighteenth year he left this family and entered 
a country school, laboring of mornings, evenings and Satur- 
days to pay his way M'hile attending school. In his nineteenth 
year he attended the academy at Moorefield, Ky., which was 
under the control of Prof. Henry T. Trimble, an educator 
of much excellence, and a graduate of Transylvania Uni- 
versity, Ky. 

While in this academy our subject made a specialty of 
studvintr the Latin and Greek languages: he attended this 
school about one year, and was then employed to teach a coun- 
try school near ]SIoore:ield, Ky.; here he tauglit one year, be- 
ing a more diligent student than any of his scholars. In the 
twenty-second year of his age he was married to Frances Ann, 
daughter of William Atkinson. After this, he still continued 
to teach school, but being unwilling to follow this occupaiion 
for a life-time pursuit, he commenced the study of the law, 
reading what time was not devoted to iiis school work. In 
March, 1841, he went to the city of ]\Iadison, Ind., and con- 







s 



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mv, 



■/W^ 






'*>'"^ 



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HON. J.IMES B. DALE. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 337 

tinned his law studies in the law office of the Hon. Joseph G. 
Marshall, who had a verv extensive law library. After studv- 
ing here about one year, he returned to Carlisle, Ky., and 
staid for a while in the law office of Wm. Xorvell, Esq. 
Here he applied for a license to practice his profession, and 
was examined as to his qualifications by Plon. Judge Keed, of 
Maysville, and Judge Simpson, of Mount Sterling, Ky., and 
by them he was licensed to practice law in all the courts of 
that commonwealth. He was first admitted to the bar at Car- 
lisle, Ky., and there he did his first legal practice. In the 
autumn of 1843 he removed to Lebanon, Indiana, and resided 
on a small farm one-half mile east of the town. In size, 
Lebanon was then a village, surrrounded by swamps and 
lagoons of water, and much of the county was then a native 
wilderness. Here he resided on the faim until October, I80I, 
at which date his wife died, and he broke up housekeeping. 
Soon after coming to Lebanon in 1843 he entered into the 
practice of the law, but the legal business here was then mostly 
done by attorneys from Indianapolis, who came and attended 
court during its terms. In what legal work Mr. Neal did, and 
iu farming some, he managed to obtain a support. In August, 
1846, he was elected from this, Boone County, a Representa- 
tive to the state legislature, and again in August, 1847, he 
was re-elected to the same office. 

During this last named session of the legislature the im- 
portant subject of a settlement of the state debt of Indiana 
was pending. During the years 1841 to 1847 the state 
had failed to pay even the interest on the state debt which had 
been incurred in the internal improvement system of the state. 
The debt then, on the outstanding bonds of the state, amounted 
to about eighteen million dollars. The creditors of the state 
were urgent for some adjustment of the debt. An able attt)r- 
ney from Loudcm, England, representing the bondholders, vis- 
ited that session of the legislature, urging the state to accept 
the proposition which he made on behalf of the bondholders. 
22 



338 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

To this end, said attorney presented to the legislature a bill 
known as the Butler bill, for the adjustment of the state debt. 
Tliis bill was so craftily and plausibly devised as to mislead 
and deceive all but the most skillful attorneys. It was put on 
its passage in the house and passed by a vote of seventy ayes 
against thirty nays. There was at that time a majority for it 
in the senate. With only the thirty members in the house 
opposed to it, and the minority in the the senate opposed to it, 
there seemed but little hope of defeating it. Mr. Xeal co-op- 
erated with the minority, and by management the minority of 
the legislature defeated the Butler bill. But a detailed history 
of how this was effected can not be given here. Suffice to say, 
that the minority, in a bill which they had prepared, offered to 
transfer to the bondholders the Wabash and Erie Canal, and 
all its appurtenances and lands donated to construct it, for one- 
half of the state debt, and to issue new bonds for the other 
half, which Avas finally accepted by the bondholders. This 
.was a measure of great importance to the state. 

At this session Mr. Neal was active in urging the adoption 
of a homestead law; he wrote an able article on this subject, 
which was first published in the Indianapolis Sentinel and 
afterwards in the other papers ; and so prepared the way that 
at the next session of the legislature a homestead la^v was 
enacted. Mr. Xeal also introduced a joint resolution into the 
legislature prohibiting the legislature from granting divorces 
by legislative action. This resolution passed, and from that 
day to the present, the legislature has never granted another 
divorce. Mr. NeaFs position was, that granting divorces 
belonged to the judicial department of the government, and 
not to the legislative department. This measure has since 
become a part of the state constitution. At the same session, 
Mr. Neal urged the adoj)tion of a resolution instructing our 
senators and requesting our representatives in congress to 
adopt "the Wilmot proviso" forever iuliibitiug slavery in all 
the free territories. Mr. Xeal had been educated in the Jef- 
fersonian theory of government, and was elected on both 



BOOXE COUNTY, INDIANA. 339 

occasions as a Jetlersonian Democrat. In 1848 he co-operated 
with the free soil movement to inhibit the extension of slavery 
in the free territories of the United States. And when the 
Republican party was organized in 1856 he became an active 
worker in that })arty, and when the war of rebellion came in 
1861 he acted with the union party, though on account of ill 
health he did not enter the military service. At that time he 
was partly paralyzed by neuralgia in his face and right arm. 
After the war had ended he i^till acted with the Republican 
party, until after the measures of reconstruction had been 
ado{)ted and fixed in the constitution of the national govern- 
ment. As a means of reconstruction on a fixed basis, he pre- 
pared and advised the adoption of the fourteenth amendment, 
being the originator of that amendment to the constitution of the 
United States, which was recommended by the action of con- 
gress in June, 1866, and ratified by three-fourths of the state 
legislatures soon after, and became a part of the constitution. 
Since the measures of reconstruction were consummated, he 
ceased to take any active part in political affairs, and has been 
regarded as a non-partisan. In 1878 he wrote several able 
articles in favor of a well regulated greenback, or full legal 
tender national currency; hence, he was by some called a 
Greenback partisan. But he never favored the extreme meas- 
ures of that party in its early days. He has taken no active 
part as a partisan since the adopti(Hi of the measures of 
national reconstruction. During the years that he took an 
active part in politics, he wrote extensively for different lead- 
ing new-papers, but most of his writings were published 
anonymou-ly. 

In November, 1857, he married for his second wife Miss 
Clara, daughter of Charles Davis, E-q , and by her had born 
to him five sons and two daughters, of which children four 
sons and one daughter are yet living, their mother having died 
March 4, 1879. In May, 1880, he was married to ]Mrs. Laura 
A., widow of George Kernodle, deceased, and by her he has 
had one dautrhter and one son. 



340 EARLY LIFE A>'D TIMFS IX 

In the year 1856 the celebrated phrenologist. Professor () . 
S. Fowler, of New York, delineated ^Iv. Xeal's characteristic- 
as follows. He said : "^ Your constitution is first best — yo'.i 
are the toughest, hardiest, most enduring of men ; can wcai 
through what would break down ninety-nine men in every 
one hundred. Such ability to learn and accomplish does not 
often come under my hands. You do not know how much 
yoii can do, if you simply observe the health conditions. Your 
functions work easily, like a machine well lubricated, so tliat 
you expend but little energy — that is, all work easily right up 
to the very mark. Your proclivities run altogether in the 
line of intellect; they also run strongly in that of moral, and 
hence you might anil perliaps should have made a minister, 
though you are not now as faithful to creeds as you once v/ere, 
for you are doing your own thinking; yet the religious senti- 
ment grows. You are a natural theologian, but you love re- 
ligion discussed from the natural standpoint quite as well as 
the biblical; are a real reformer — a true lover of your race, 
and interested in whatever promises good to man ; plenty be- 
nevolent enough, perhaps too much so; are unable to witness 
or cause pain or death, even to animals; woidd make a good 
criminal lawyer, fov you would do the best you could to miti- 
,gate the punishment of your client ; have an excellent talent 
for the practice of the law — are better adapted ro that vocaiion 
than any other, except that you are a little too good and have 
not fight enough, so associate yourself with one more pugna- 
cious; you are a little too good for your own good — will ofit-n 
settle difiiculties rather than to litigate them. You enjoy tiie 
universal esteem of all who J:noru you; are one of the most 
friendly men ; are every way popular, but destined to become 
more so, for you make friends of all you meet. You enjoy 
unlimited confidence ; are able to pass from thing to thing 
readily; have a fair appetite to eat, but do not live to eat; 
have a fair love of money, but do not live to get rich — infin- 
itely prefer honor to money; are Ix'coming more shrewd and 
politic of late tl'.an fornKM'Iy, yet naturally candid; are very 



BOOXE CC»UNTy, INDIANA. 



341 



cautious and leave no stone unturned in aeeomplishing ends — 
are in fact too cautious, yet extremely stable when your mind 
is made up; are wanting in self-esteem — too apt to feel un- 
Avorthy and hang ba<'k ; are too diffident — need hra^s, sir, 
more than anythins; else. You are the personitication of 
honor, and honorable; perfectly just, even too scrupulous; 
are a dear lover of nature, her beauty, her perfections; have 
only fair mirth, and evince it more in argument than anything 
else; excel in arguing by ridicule; an accurate eye; a great 
deal of method — are good in figures and a natural scholar, and 
capable of excelling in all the natural sciences. You are un- 
commonly v>-ell informed, and have one of the best memories 
that come under ray hands; are a splendid writer, and v.-ould 
makf,' as good an editor as there is. I recommend you to try 
M-riting for the press ; would draw up good reports, resolu- 
tions, etc., and make a first-rate wheel horse in any conven- 
tion — in fact, anywhere; use beautiful language, and every 
Avord in its place, and the very word, though not as flippantly 
as correct; are very discriminating, original, and will state 
your points so that everybody accedes to them." Such are the 
vrords of Professor Fowler. Those who are Avell and inti- 
mately acquainted with Mr. Xeal can judge how exactly the 
foregoing language corresponds witli his characteristics, hence 
we submit what Professor Fowder has said of him. 

In religion, Mr. Neal is a member of the Church of Christ. 
His father and mother, and his first father-in-law and mother- 
in-law were Calvinistic or Predestinerian Baptists, hence his 
early religious impressions were under the influence of that 
dogma, which in earlv life came well-nigh carrying him into 
the opposite extreme of Universal ism ; but after a careful and 
thorough consideration of these two theories, he discarded 
both as contrary to the revelation of God in the Word. After 
this, however, for a number of years he remained within the 
confusing clouds of j)artisan and uuscriptural theories, much 
of which to" him seemed not in harmonv with divine revela- 



342 EARI.V LIFE AND TIMRS IN 1 

tion. He had never liad anv d(.)iihts that the holv bible con- \ 

i. 

tains the divinely inspired revelation of God to man. In the '; 

years of 1849-'50 he attended the meetings of a small band \ 

of the Disciples of Christ, which held their meetings in 
Lebanon, and at these meetings he learned that they took the 
bible as their " onlu fr^nde in religions faith and practice," :. 

discarding all men-made creeds. This position met his liearty ;- 

approval. So, in June, 1851, while the beloved Thomas 
Lockhart was holdins; a meetino- he united with this band of 
disciples, known as the congregation of the Church of Christy ' 

at Lebanon. Being a ready and fluent speaker, he was urged 
to take part in the public exercises and labors of the congre- ; 

gation, and he did so heartily. His labors in " the word and 
doctrine" showed that he had made the holy scriptures a 
careful study, and hence were acceptable to the church. In 
February, 1852, he was, by the action of the church, ordained 
and licensed to preach "The Word," the gospel; and during 
the next three years he devoted his whole time to the ministry ; 
traveled, and visited, and preached in Indiana, Illinois and 
Iowa, besides laboring regularly, for a time, for several con- 
gregations, having been employed by the church at Frankfort, 
Ind. ; at Christian Chapel, near Ladoga; also, at the church 
near Colfax, and at the church near Kirklin, and at Weah 
Prairie. But, being poor, and not receiving sufficient financial 
support, he had (sad as it was for him) to resume the law 
practice for a maintenance ; but he still continued, as opj)or- 
tunity offered, to labor more or less in the word and doctrine, 
in the church mostlv at tlie Lebanon conscresration. And after 
resuming the law })ractice, and while so engaged, he has never 
sought "or received any pecuniary compensation for his labors 
in the church services. In religion, he has studiously avoided 
being " sensational," and, though some of his sermons have 
been published in the religious publications, and highly com- 
mended, they were, by his request, published anonymously; 
and so, also, most of his poetic and literary productions 



t.'; 



BOONE COU^TY, INDIANA. 343 

have been published anonymously; because he was careful 
to avoid notoriety. From 1843 to the present time he has 
been a resident of Boone County, Indiana, except about two 
years, from 1883 to 1885, he resided in the state of Iowa. 
He is emphatically a self-made man. His life has been 
one of great labor — constant and incessant industry; as an 
indefatigable student, his reading has been extensive and 
varied. In jurisprudence, in the sciences, in theology, in 
history, in the classics, in poetry, his reading has been incal- 
culable. It seems that to study and to think was to him as 
natural as to breathe. Idleness found no place with him. In 
the judicial forum, in the halls of legislation, in the church, 
he has been unobtrusive, carefully avoiding attracting atten- 
tion, and, as far as practicable, seeking no public notoriety, 
but carefully seeking to be unknown. The most important 
political act of his life remained unknown for twenty years 
after its accomplishment, except to a few contidential friends 
who were enjoined to secrecy. The ruling purpose and aim of 
his life seems to have been to acquire 'knowledge, and to use 
it for the welfare of others, rather than in the acquisition of 
property or public fame. To secure and promote the equal 
civil and religious rights of humanity, with him, has been a 
ruling motive, as his labors fully prove. Beginning life, he 
had to rely on his own efforts solely ; and, through life, lie has 
relied solely on his own industrv and economv for a support. 
If his energies and industry had been directed in the acquisi- 
tion of property, he could undoubtedly have been financially 
a man of wealth; but the acquisition of property was a 
subordinate and secondary consideration with him. He pre- 
ferred knowledge to dollars. He had, however, in the latter 
years of his busy life, acquired a sufficient pr<iperty for a com- 
petency ; but during the last five years, through sickness, and 
on account of an unfortunate investment of all the property 
he had in real estate in Kansas, he lost it all; but in the 
meantime, having regained his health, he is again able to labor. 
Though now in his seventieth year, he is almost as active, 



344 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

physically, as a young man, and, mentally, seems to be as 
vigorous as at the age of forty, thus evincing that through 
life he has lived in conformitv to the laws of health. 



WILLIAM NICELY, 

One of the early citizens of Jackson Township, was born in 
the state of Tennessee, on the 11th day of ISIarch, 180S; en- 
tered eighty acres of land in Jackson Township near where 
he now resides in 1834. Mr. Nicely was first married to 
Catharine Christmau, who was born in Virginia, in 1808; 
died in 1862; is buried at Mount Zion Cemetery. Mr. Nicely 
was again married, to Jane Farlow; died in the year 1862;* is 
also buried at ^Mount Zion Cemetery. He was the third time 
married, this time to Susannah C. Duncan, August 16, 1863; 
born September 29, 1830. Of the first set of children : John 
M., George W., Martha J., Mary J., ^yilliam F., Albert and 
Sarah C. ; of the second marriage: Emily M., Cynthia 
A., James C, Jane A. (two last named are deceased). Mr. 
Nicely and his Avife belong to the Christian Church. Mr. 
Nicely is among the early pioneers of Boone County. Though 
quite old, he is a boy yet, a good fireside talker, and was well 
fitted for the frontier life. He lives fi)ur miles north of 
Jamestown, in Jackson Township. 

JAMES NEILES 

Was a son of James and Sarah Neiles, born in Fleming Coun- 
ty, Kentucky, March 15, 1830, and from this point came to 
Rush County, near Rushville, stopping here for a short time, 
and then came to Boone County in 1852. Mr. Neiles was 
united in marriage to Miss Caroline Neiles, of Fleming 
County, Ky. ; she survived until 1859, the result of this mar- 
riage being three children, of which two survive and reside 
in Boone County. He then was united in marriage to ^Nliss 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 345 

Marv J. Shelby, of Fleming County, Ky., she living but a 
short time. For his third wife ho married jSIiss Emma Good- 
win, of Boone County, a daughter of tiie w^ell-known Aaron 
Goodwin, the result of this marriage being ten children, of 
whom two are deceased; all reside in Boone County, Ind. 
Mr. Neiles is a man of great ambition and energy, and }>os- 
sesses all the acquirements of business with a strong mind and 
a head of his own. He filled the office of marshal of Lebanon 
when it was yet a small town, in 1865, just after the war, when 
it took pluck and sand to keep order, but nevertheless he 
always maintained the same. Politically speaking Mr. Xeiles 
is a Democrat of the true type. His occupation has been that 
Hif farming principally,trading in real estate, settling up estates 
^iud loaning money. 

BENJAMIN PAULY. 

The subject of this sketch w^as born in Kentucky, January 
13, 1816, and is just the age of his adopted state. He became 
a resident of Boone County in 1835, settling near where 
Holmes Station now is. Married to Virginia Smith in 1852. 
There were no children born to them. They, however, raised 
two children, ^Martha Leap, who was married to John Shoe- 
maker, and Samantha Smith, who married Jacob Shoemaker. 
After leaving Holmes Station, Mr. Pauly resided on AVhite- 
lick several years. Then he moved to Mount's Run, where 
he resided over thirty years. He now resides in the city of 
Lebanon, a retired life. He has gained a handsome property 
during a long and eventful life in Boone County. He has 
been a hard working man. His best days w'ere spent in a 
struggle with the privations attending the early frontier life. 
Mr. Pauly is a member of the Baptist Church in good stand- 
ing, and a Democrat of the Jefferson ian school. 



346 EARLY LIFE AND TIMK.S IN 

JOSEPH B. PITZER, 

A native of Yirg-lnia, was born there in the vear 1813; came 
to Eagle Creek, in ]Srarion County, about the year 1839 or 
1840. In the same year, or about that time, he was uiarrie^l 
to Susan Stephenson, of Ivnightstown, with whom he is now 
living in Zionsville. Mr. Pitzer is the father of but one child 
(Rufus), who died at the age of eighteen or twenty ycar>. 
In 1846 Mr. Pitzer, in connection with John P. Vv'elch, started 
a store in Eagle Village, where they built up one of the 
largest trades ever gained in that town. This iirni continued 
three or four years. Mr. Welch died in 18-50. Soon after 
Mr. Pitzer was elected county auditor; served four years with 
credit to all. Mr. Pitzer w^as an old-time \A'hig and recently 
has acted with the Republican party, and as such was elected 
to the office referred to. Mr. Pitzer has gained, through 
industry and economy, a competency for himself in his now- 
declining days. Having retired from business the past eight 
or ten years, he is living quietly at Zionsville, where he enjoys 
the respect of all. In person he is rather under medium size. 
He is a brother of the late Judge Nash L. Pitzer. The writer 
has known Mr. Pitzer since 1846, and can testify of his worth. 
We hope he and his wife may live many years to enjoy their 
well earned estate. 



SETH W. PORTER. 

The subject of this sketch, Seth W. Porter, was of Iri^h 
extraction and was born at Snow Hill, on the eastern shore of 
Maryland, May 30, 1791. Came to Kentucky in 1811; en- 
listed in Colonel Dudley's regiment and followed the fortunt •- 
of his gallant commander to the relief of General Harrison. 
at Fort Meigs. He was in the disastrous defeat of Dudley, 
and was captured by the Indians, with whom he remained a 
prisoner for several months. He came to Parke County, 



BOOXE COUNTY. INDIANA. o47 

Indiana, in 1828, and to Bonne County, where he settled in 
Jefferson Township, in June, 1836. In the midst of the howl- 
ing wilderness, with his family, he began life anew. They 
slept in the wagon until the cabin could be prepared so as to 
shelter them. He died on the same spot, jNIay 0, 1870. His 
widow, w'ho was born in Fleming County, Kentucky, May 25, 
1800. survis'ed him and died at the same place in 1879. He 
was the fother of Dr. A. G. Porter^ of Lebanon; Dr. A. M. 
Porter, of State Lin':> City, Indiana; M. B. Porter, farmer, of 
Jefferson Township, this county; and Dr. W. D. Porter, of 
Higginsville, Illinois. The aggregate ages of these four sons 
is two hundred and fortv-nine years. 



ISAAC POWELL 

Was born in Nicholas County, Kentucky, in 1780. He was 
married to Sarah Boyd in the above county, remained there 
until the year 1835, when he came to Boone County, Indiana. 
His parents were from England, and came to Kentucky in 
an early day, where they were pioneers, indeed. Isaac Powell 
died in the year 1843, and was buried on the farm where he 
settled, now known as the Watson farm. Sarah Powell, his 
wife died in 1858, and was buried at the same place. The fd- 
lowing are the names of the family: Ann, Mary, Martin, 
Charles, Sarah, Marena, Il^lizabeth, Martha, William C, Eliza, 
and Jeremiah. Five of the above are now living in Boone 
County, viz: Martin, ]\Iarena Stephenson, Sarah McCap.n, 
Elizabeth, and William C. Powell. This is one of the early 
families of the county, as well as the largest. William C, 
who is one of the best citizens of Clinton Township, furnished 
the above facts of his father's family; is a resident of Clinton 
Township, where he owns a fine farm. 



>48 ' EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 



JOHxV M. PATT02s\ 



Mr. Patton's first entrance to the county was at 3']agle Vil- 
lage, iu 1847, as a school teacher, when a young man, perhaps 
twenty-four or twenty-five years of age. I think he was from 
Southern Indiana. He remained at the village only a year or 
two when he went to Lebanon, and from tliere to Thorntown, 
where most of his life was spent, dying there a few years ago 
highly respected as a citizen and successful business man. He 
was associated in the banking interest there for several years 
as stockholder and one of its officers. He was a few years 
after coming to Thorntown married to a lady by the name of 
Allen, who is also deceased. James Pattoi , their son, resides 
in Thorntown at this time. John M. Patton will be remem- 
bered as a jovial, kind hearted man. I call to mind going to 
school to him in an early day. In person he was of good 
features, dark hair and complexion, and all through life a 
cripple, using his cane as far i)ack as I can recollect him. 
His political or religious notions I do not know anything 
about. His social qualities when young were good. 

WOODFORD W. PHILLIPS. 

This old pioneer was born in Ohio, July 19, 180G. His 
father's name was Thomas Phillips, who was married to Mary 
McDowell. They came to Clinton Township in 1838, where 
he entered land; died in Illinois. Mrs. Phillips died in the 
year 1845; buried at Mechanicsburg. Woodford W. Phillips, 
the subject of this sketch, entered his land in Washington 
Township, in 1832, where he has since resided and is now liv- 
ing on the pike south of Mechanic-^burg, where he is pleasant- 
ly located; married to Dorcas J. Russell, in Dearborn County, 
Ind., December 6, 1829. The following are his children's 
names: Oscar AV., lives in Tippecanoe County, Ind.; Frank 
C, resides in Clinton Township, and is one of the first men in 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 349 

the county. To hira and family I am indebted for favors 
shown in canvassing for the "Early Life and Times in Boone 
County." Arminta M., resides in Center Township; Pauline, 
died October 10, 1837 ; buried at iNIechanicsburg; Angeline 
A., resides in Marion Township; Thomas B, died March, 
.1882; buried at the Bethel Cemetery, in Washington Town- 
ship ; Roswell, lives in Marion Township; Virginia F., died 
at home, July 21, 1886; buried at Mechanicsburg; John F., 
died September 2, 1862; buried at Mechanicsburg; Cordelia; 
Luella E., resides in Washington Township. Mr. Phillips was 
again married, to Susannah Wallace, March 8, 1848; she died 
January 25, 1870 ; was the third time married to Elizabeth 
Simpsou, July 19, 1872, the widow of the late Jesse Simpson, 
who died Xovember 23, 1867 ; buried at Lebanon. Mr. Phil- 
lips is amt ug the old men of the county, is in his eighty-second 
year. This is truly a pioneer family, well known in the 
countv, and will in time to come be remembered. 



JACOB PARR. 

When I come to write of such men as tlie one whose name 
stands at the head of this sketch, and who have, by persever- 
ance, industry and economy, so successfully carved out their 
own fortune and standing in society, I am at a loss for lan- 
guage to convey to the reader a proper appreciation of their 
true worth and merit. 

Mr. Parr was born in Sullivan County, East Tennessee, 
February 25, 1820. He came to this state in 1831, stopping 
in Bai:tholomew County for two years, when his father entered 
two hundred and forty acres of land in the southeastern part 
of Marion Township, where he settled with his wife and eight 
children in 1833, when this country was a wilderness, there 
being only three houses on the Michigan road between Indi- 
anapolis and the present village of Xorthfield. He helped to 
cut the trees that built the first house in that neighborhood, 



350 ExS.Rl.Y LIFE AND TlMf:S IN 

the nearest being the distauce of five miles. He has lived to 
see the firm tread of civilization march in and take the place 
of the extensive forest with its many wild animals. In the 
year 1843 he married Miss Elizabeth Richardson, with whom 
he lived for thirteen years, when death entered his houseliold 
and took from him his beloved coraj)anion. The result of 
this marriage was four children, all of whom are dead, except 
, one daughter, the wife of John S. Jones. 

In the year 1854, he married Mrs. Amanda Montgomery, 
of Clay County, a widow with one son, who is now one of 
Marion Township's thriftiest farmers and stock traders. This 
has, indeed, been a happy marriage; no cloud has ever risen 
to darken their married life. The neighbors say of her that 
she is the most industrious, even tempered woman they ever 
knew. The result of this marriag-e is ei2;ht children. 

\yhen ]Mr. Parr, in 1843, married his first wife, his sole 
possessions were one horse and one suit of clothes ; he bor- 
rowed the money to purchase his license. His only fortune 
then was a good constitution, temperate habits, sterling integ- 
rity and an ordinary education, and by his untiring energy 
and skilful financeering, he has an)assed quite a good deal of 
this worlil's goods, owning, before deeding away to his ciiil- 
dren, over five hundred acres of laud, and at j)resent pays 
more tax than any other man in Marion Township. He has 
never been sued or sued any man ; he is very conscientious 
and would not harm any one knowingly, and as far as we 
know, he has not an enemy in the world. He has been an 
active member in the Methodist Episcopal Church since he 
was fifteen years of age, and a square-toed Democrat; never 
scratched his ticket with one exception. He has now passed 
the age allotted to man and is nearing the evening of life. 



BOONE COUMTY, INDIANA. 351 

. JONATHAN RIOHARDSON. 

Mr, Richardson was born in Grasom County, Virginia, 
January 14, 1797, and went with his parents at the age of 
three years to Kentucky, where he lived until he was twentv- 
three years of age ; when about the year 1818 he came to Rush 
County, Indiana, where he married Anna Wheeler in 1822. 
Miss Wheeler was born in Maine, April 22, 1807. They were 
married in Rush County, December 25, 1822; came to Deca- 
tur County, Indiana, where they resided until the year 1837, 
when they removed to Marion Township, this county, near 
Big Springs, and where they were pioneers, and where their 
best days were spent in developing the county. Mr. Richard- 
.son died June 26, 1856, in the fifty-ninth year of his age, and 
is buried at the Big Spring Cemetery. Mrs, Richardson is 
yet living, in the eightieth year of her age. She is a member 
of the regular Baptist Church. The following are the names 
of this pioneer family, of which there w^ere fifteen in number; 
ten are dead, five living: John W., Elizabeth J., William, 
George B., Mary A., James, Tillman H., Ameline R., Jonathan, 
Sarah and Rachel. . The followino; are livinoc: William 
resides in Marion Township; George B., same; Mary 
Parr, in Jolliettville; Nancy E. Parr, in Hamilton County, 
Ind.; Jonathan, in Boone County. All lived to be men and 
women except two, who died in infancy. To William we are 
indebted for the above historv. 



DR. AHIJAH ROBINSON. 

Dr. Ahijah Johnson died at his suburban home Saturday, 
March 6, 1886, at 4 o'clock p. m., after six months of intense 
suffering. He had been failing in health for some time, but 
fought manfully against his ailments until the development of 
the cause which produced death. The announcement of his 
death caused the most profound sorrow, he having been one 



352 EARLY lifp: and times in 

among the prominent b',isine,<.s men in Lebanon for a number 
of year,<. He is one who throughout his liie enjoyed the warm 
friendship of all with whom he was associated, and his pir- 
sonal merits have been recognized by his fellow citizens. 
Prominent among the features of his character was his pacific 
disposition. Throughout his life he lived at peace with all 
men. He contributed g^'nerously for the furtherance of enter- 
prises having for their object the general welfare of the 
country. His strict fidelity to his trust always won the appro- 
bation and confidence of those with whom he had dealings, he 
never having filled a place that did not expand or reflect credit 
on himself, yet he never had any desire to make himself con- 
spicuous. He had been sorely afilicted for fifty-four years. 
but bore his afflictions bravely. He was honored throughout 
the community for his upright character and incorruptible 
integrity, and throughout a long and useful life retained, 
undiminished, the confidence and respect of all who knew him. 
He was born in Washington County, Va., August 18,1823. 
He came to Indiana in 1829, where he passed the days of his 
boyhood and youth. In a new settlement, remote from large 
cities and towns, his early educational advantages were 
naturally limited. As he grew in years, however, he, by 
individual research and close application, obtained a good 

- store of knowledge and became a man of more than ordinary 
intelligence. He served as a justice of the peace in hi< native 
county for a number of years, and was afterward commissioned 
to act as postmaster in several villages of the same county. 
He also served in ttie capacity of county commissioner. 

After studying the science of medicine he began the prac- 
tice in the state of Illinois, subsequently transferring his 

' experience from that state to the counties of Hendricks and 
Boone, Indiana. On the 18th of October, 1857, he was 

. married to !Miss Nettie ^IcClintick, in Hendricks C'onniy, 
three years subsequent to his location in Boone County. He 
continued to practice the medical profession until disabled by 
physical infirmities. After locating at Lebanon he filled, at 




WILLIAM RILEY TAYLOR. 



■* BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 35-3 

various times, the offices of township trustee, postmaster and 
county commissioner. He was one who assisted in organizing 
the First National Bank of Lebanon, and for several years 
^K'ted as one of the officers, but becoming physically disquali- 
ried for active business he withdrew and lived a retired life 
until liis death. He was the first of his family to pass away, 
and leaves his M'ife, daughter, her husband, and two sons to 
mourn the loss of a good, kind, indulgent husband and fathei*. 
The funeral services were conducted at the residence by Rev. 
Banta, at 2 o'clock Sunday afternoon, ]March 7, 1886, and the 
remains were then laid to rest in the new cemetery, under the 
auspices of the .Masons, with whom he had been a faithful 
Ijrother for forty years. 

MASONIC RESOLUTIONS. 

Since the e/lict of the Divine Architect of the universe to 
to our fathers in the Garden. of Eden after the transgression: 
'■ Dust thou art and unto dust shalt thou return," the children 
of men have been born into the world, suffered their brief 
j)-'riod and have passed away. So at frequent intervals we are 
called to mourn ii)r our brethren who liave "passed to that 
b:)urne from which no traveler returns." We, as a fraternity, 
b 'licve that, as is emblematized by the sprig of acacia that 
bhjomed at the liead of the Grand Master's grave that our 
sleeping brother will rise again to live forever in the Grand 
Lodge above, where we will meet in an unbroken assembly 
throughout eternity. 

Resolved, That in the death of our brotlier, Ahijah Kobin- 
son, who ])assed from labor to refrosliment on the 6th day of 
Marchj 1886, we lost a true Mason — one who loved the order 
and was true to his professions. 

Resolccd, That our symr-atiiies are e.xtt nded to the bereaved 
family, wlio have lost a loving husband and father. 

ResoJrcd, That these resctluilons be inade a matter of r':r«')rd 
in the lodge, and a copy furnislied to cacli of the paj)ers in the 
city and to the family of the deceased. 

23 



Soi EARLY LIFK AND TIMES IN 



OZIAS ROBIXSON 

Was born December 12, 1808, in the state of Kentucky. He 
was married to Margaret Dickson, in 1827. Came to Put- 
nam County, Indiana, remained there a fuw years, then to 
Clinton Township, Boone County, in 1835, Mrs. Robinson 
was born in Kentucky, in 1809, July 1. The following are 
the children's names: Martha A., married to Alvin Jolly; 
William J., born 1828, married to Miss Roberts, in 1847, then 
Dorothu Stone, May 2o, 18S4; James F., nsarried to Sarah 
Gullion, born in Lebanon, Indiana ; Ebenezer, married to 
Matilda Evans, resides in Kansas. Mr. R. died July, 1882, 
is buried at Elizaville Cemetery. She was a member of the 
Baptist Church. Mr. R. is yet living, witii his son, near 
Elizaville. James F. was iu the army, a mend:)cr of the 8Gth 
Indiana Volunteers; was killed at Mission Ridge. Mr. and 
Mrs. Robinson were early and higldy respected citizens of 
Clinton Township. 

HIRAM J. ROBERTS 

Was born in Xev/ York State, Xovember 25, 1804; married 
to Eunice Young, March 4, 1837. Miss Young Avas born in 
New York, August 17, 1813; married in Ti[)pccanoe Count}', 
Indiana. Came to Clinton Tcnvnship, Boone County, in 183* . 
Mr. R. entered, in 1837, the land on which he died, April 25, 
•1873. His family yet live on the farm, near the Clinton 
County line, and on the bank of Sugar Creek. The follov.-- 
ing are the names of tiieir children : Silas, died at the age (<f 
four years; Charles R., died at the age of fourteen months; 
James L., died at the age of one year; Sarah A., married to 
Richard Hardesty, April 5, 1863, resides in Clinton Town- 
ship; William IT., married to Margaret A.Sims; Hayden E., 
married to Martha E. Hundh-y, resides in Kansas; ^^lary A., 
married to James Sims, resides in Clinton County, Indiana ; 
John xVloii/.n, died at the age tjf nine years; Diana, born 



BOOXE COUNTY, INDIANA. 355 

October 18, IS52, lives at home; Josiah, married to Mary 
K. Blubough, August 17, 1882, liv^es on the farm. The de- 
ceased members are buried at Mechauicsburg. Mrs. Kob- 
erts is a member of the Christian Church. 



DR. JESSE REAGAN. 

Dr. Reagan was born in Warren County, Ohio, February 
15, 1829. He was first married to Elizabeth Hardesty, Sep- 
tember 27, 1854. The following are the names of their chil- 
dren : Annie, married to Mr. Curry, she resifles in Kirkland, 
married the second time to W. W. Wilds; Frank C, married 
to Victory Haugs, resides in Mechauicsburg; Lucy J., mar- 
ried to Mack Warburnton (deceased, buried in Clinton County, 
Ind.) ; Milly ^L, at home. Dr. Reagan was the second time 
married to Mrs. Emma Hebb, November 24, 1884. To them 
was boru one child, Walter G., born in 1884. Dr. Reagan 
read medicine with Dr. Almoa Lofton in Rossville, Clinton 
County, Ind., and commenced the practice of medicine in 
Mechauicsburg nearly thirty years ago ; has grown gray in 
the profession, and no man has a better record than Dr. Rea- 
gan, as a successful doctor and gentleman, in the counties of 
Clinton and Boone, whore he has practiced so long and so well. 
Has worn himself out in his chosen profession, and in the 
evening of life his tellow citizens elected him county clerk, 
November, 1886. He is a member of the Masonic order, and 
has a high reirard for its teachings. Also a member of the 
Presbyterian Ctuircli. See his portrait in another part of this 
work. 

WILLIAM R. ROBERTS 

First sa\y the liirht of day in Kentucky, and on the 13th day 
of March, 1834. His parents names were Reden and Isabel 
Roberts, born in Nicholas County, Ky. William R. Roberts, 
the subject of this sketch, was married to Miss E. Miller (born 



o-j'] j:aiu.y jafe and times ix 

Ortober 10, lS2i) on January 8, 1846. Her father's nam- 
was James ]\Iiller, her mother's name before marriage wa 
jNIary Davidson. ]Mr. and Mrs. Roberts came to Boone Count} 
in 1855. The folhnving are their children's names: Barton 
L. (deceased) ; James R.; Robert AV., resides in Lebanon; An- 
drew D. (deceased); Millard W.; Xancy, married to A. B 
Huckstep; Permolia F., married to Thomas ^NIcKern, resides 
in Jefferson Township. Mr. Roberts served thirteen years as 
justice of the peace. Mr. and Mrs. Roberts belong to the 
Bapti-t Church. The deceased members of the family are 
buried at Pleasant View Cemetery, in Jeff.'rson Township. 
rvlr. Roberts resides about six miles northwest of Lebanon. 
Though Mr. Roberts is not a pioneer, ho has been here a long- 
time, and is well known as a substantial citi;:>,^!i of the countv. 



SAMUEL RODEFER, 

A portrait of whom aj>p>?ars on another page of this volume, 
is one of the olde-t and best knovn citizens of Boone County. 
He is a native of Virginia, having been li!)rn near AVoodstock, 
^ henandoah County, in that sl;Ue. His early life was marked 
1 y the toils and privations so characteristic of the sturdy peo- 
1 > of that day and generation. At the age of eigliteen years 
his father, Phili]) Rodefer, had the son bound to Henry Lay- 
man, for a term of three years, to learn the trade of carpenter- 
i'lg. For his services in this vocation the young man was re- 
v.-arded by being clothed by his employer and sent to school 
three laonths in tlie winter of each year. Two w>"eks of each 
year, howver, in aceordance witli tlie terras of th(.' contract, 
the son was to be allowed to assist in the harvestii'.g at his 
father's farm. He remained with Layman about one year and 
a half, but that gentleman removing to Ohio at the end of that 
time, the youiig apprentice was releasr'd from his contract. 
Following this ex])erience young Rodeft^■ worked in the coun- 
try for a time, and subsequently went to ^yoodstock, where he 



BOONE COUNTY, I> DIANA. 357 

worked for Johu Glower, Sr., at carpentering and cabinet 
making, which he continued for several years, receiving for 
his services the munificent salary of from five to eight dollars 
per month. In Feuruary, 1839, at the solicitation of his 
brother, James, who was four years his senior and had been 
living at Logausport, the subject of this sketch was induced to 
return to Indiana with his relative He was then twenty-two 
years of age. On Sunday, the lOth day of March, 1839, the 
brothers started to the west, overland, having .ne horse be- 
tween them, the two alternately walking and riding, in accord- 
ance with a mutual understanding. The journey v.as a long 
and tedious one, the monotony of the dreary march being re- 
lieved only occasionally by incidents which space forbids to be 
detailed in this brief sketch. Their route was along the 
National road, and they traveled at the rate of about thirty 
to thirty-three oiilesaday. Arriving in IMontgomery County, 
Ohio, they rested two weeks with an uncle who resided twelve 
miles west of Dayton. Resuming their journey, they passed 
through the town of clarion, Indiana, and thence througii the 
Indian Reserve to Peru, the younger brother there beholding 
for the first time a real, live Indian. They arrived in Roch- 
ester, Fulton County, April 17, 1839. The subject of this 
sketch soon after coinraenced work at cabinet making for 
Jacob Kitt. By hard labor and the most rigid economy the 
struggling young mechanic had saved up a sum of money 
amountiiig to 820 or $25, and while working at his trade there 
he made his first loan, which, by the way, was an uni'brtuuate 
one, a scheming individual getting the hard earnings of th" 
young man in exchange for a worthless note, an experience 
Mr. Rodefer frequently experienced in the latter years of aii 
active business life, and while some of his transactions in aft^ r 
years may have cost him many times the amount of his fir-;t 
loss, none of them, perhaps, were ever "o keenly felt. 

In the latter ])art of December, 1842, Mr. Rodefer v.as 
united in marriage with ^lary Ann \V. Barlow, whose liome 
was in Hendricks Coiuitv, but who was then livii;<r with her 



358 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

sister, Mrs. Ruth J. ^Martin. To this union one child was 
born — December 27, 1S43 — a daughter, who is yet living, tlie 
wife of John F. Gabriel, of Carthage, Mo. Mrs. Rodefer died 
July 7, 1844. In June, 1848, Mr. Rodefer was married the 
second time to ]\Iary Brewer, of Greenwood, Ind., who lived 
with her sister, Mrs. Ponce, near Rochester, and the following 
year moved to Lebanon, then a struggling village. This wife 
died in December, 1849, in a house built by Mr. Rodefer on a 
lot which is now covered by the Globe Flouring Mills. In 
April, 1852, Mr. Rodefer was again married, his bride being 
Miss Talitha Campbell, of Johnson County, a lady of many 
virtues and accomplishments. She died June 27, 1866, leav- 
ing two daughters — Dora, a bright and promising girl, who 
died Januarv 28, 1871, and Atha May, now the wife of Charles 
E.Wilson.' 

Mr. Rodefer's residence in Lebanon has been marked by 
an active participation in business affairs, and his entire time 
is still devoted to his large business interests. By prudent in- 
vestments, a close attention to details, correct habits, and a 
strict adherence to business rules, he has accumulated a hand- 
some competence. He subscribes freely to every practical 
public enterprise, and gives freely to every deserving charity; 
and yet the manner of the giving is so modest And so unosten- 
tatious that the acts are not blazoned to the world. He is 
thoroughly in accord with the tenets of orthodox Christianity, 
and a liberal contributor to all churches of whatsoever name. 

The poet of divine tragedy has aptly said that — 

/"The evils that men do live after them ; 
* '. The goo'J is oft interre'l with their bones." 

It is no exaggeration to say that the evils of the man of 
whom we write are fewer than those of most men of this age. 
Born midst the humblest surroundings, bereft of intluential 
friends or relatives, thrown on the cold charities of the world 
and his own resources, and with only a meager education, he 
has successfullv fou<rht the ereat battle of life, armed as he was 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 



359 



only with the inlierent virtues of a strong will, a long head 
and a good heart. 

The term ''self-made" is often inappropriately used. As 
applied to the gentleman of whom we write, it is essentially 
true that he is thoroughly a self-made man. He never knew 
the vices of the modern youth — he never learned to swear or 
drink or to use tobaeco in any form. Abstemious in his 
habits, sensible to the laws of nature, and having complete 
control of himself under all circumstances, he has passed the 
period allotted to man of three score years and ten in the full 
possession of every physical and mental fliculty ; and while the 
sun of his busy and eventful life has reached and passed its 
meridian, it still shines bright in the western horizon, but still 
hesitating to sink in the fathomless sea of everlasting rest,. 
shedding its benign rays on the declining years of one who 
may at times seemed to have been severe in order that' he might 
be just, but whose sympathies in all things were on the side of 
justice and mercy and righteousness; and when final and un- 
prejudiced judgment shall come to be passed upon him by the 
future biographer it can be truly said : 

" His life was g-entle, 
And the elements so mixed in him 
That nature might stand up and say to all the world, 
'This was a man.' " 

y 

WILLIAM R. SANFORD. 

Mr. S. was born in Mercer County, Kentucky, February 
13, 1796; was united in marriage to Elizabeth Threlkeld in 
Kentucky, in the year 1819. Mrs. Sanford was born in 
Shelby County, Kentucky, November 12, 1794. She died 
September, 1876; is buried at the Shaunondale Cemetery. 
Tins wortliv coujjIc came to Jefferson Township, in 1835, when 
that part of the county was quite new and undeveloped. 
When they first came their neighbors were scattered ; a heavy 
forest in every direction. Nothing but strong hands and 



o60 EARLY MFE AND TIMES IX 

(leternii nation would have succeeded in making a home in the 
new country. Mr. S. is yet livina; witli his daughrer, Mrs. 
T. J. Stipe, iit the ago of ninetv vears. Tlie following are 
their children's name>: Eveline, Martha, John T , Georgf^, 
Yowcll, Thomas W'.. Jane, Elishn, Sally, Hiram, Samuel JJ., 
and James H. The fullowing are deceased : John ami Elisha ; 
are buried at the Shannondale Cemetery, in Montgomery. 
County, Imliana. 

JOHN SHAW. 

Mr. S. was born in the state of Xew York, in the year 
1792 ; his wife, Clarissa Stearns, was born the same year in 
the state of Vermont. They were married in the state of 
Xew York, in 1815. Came to Eagle Township, Boone County, 
in 1830. Their cliildren were all born in the state of Xew 
York. Mrs. Shaw died in the year 18G3; Mr. Shaw died 
in 188o, at the advanced age of ninety-one years. Both 
buried at the Pleasant Hill Cemetery. The following are the 
names of their children : John S. Sha.\', born in the year 1816 ; 
Xelson Shaw, born in the year 1817 ; Laura Jane, born in t!ie 
year 1819. Laura J. died in the year 1881. John Shaw is 
the fatlier of John S. Shaw and Xe!s(jn Shaw, of Eagle Town- 
ship, where they have lived since 1830. They each own a 
fine farm and are well located, pros])erous citizens of that part 
of the county. John Shaw, senior, was one of the oldi-st men 
and citizens of the township, outliving all his first neighbors 
who settled on Eagle Creek as earlv as 1830. 



DR. W. D. STARK EY. 

My paternal grandfather, Stacy Starkey, was born in But- 
te n Comity, Xew Jersey, .Vpril 25, 1772, and aft'T learning 
the blacksmith trade migrated to Chambersl)urg, Penn., where 
he married Margaret Dynes, daughter of Erancis Dynes and 
Mary Dynes. A few years after their marriage they migrated 



Huo."«E COUNTY, INDIANA. 3t)l 

to Flejninjx County, Ky., where they brought up a family of 
seven children. In the year 1830 he migrated to Marion 
County, Ind., locating al^out two miles from the present site 
of Traders' Point, where in 1856 he died, his beloved compan- 
ion with whom he had lived over sixty years following him in 
a few months, both being interred in Jones' Cliapel Cemetery^ 
near their last place of residence. My father, Jesse 
Chambers, youngest child of Stacy and Margaret Starkey, was 
born May 19, 1811, in Fleming County, Ky., and with his 
father when nineteen years old migrated to Marion County, 
Ind., in 1830; lived on a form until the time of his death, 
June 16, 1864; was interred in Jones' Chapel Cemetery. At 
the age of twenty-two was married to Mary F. McCurdy, in 
Marion County, Ind. My mother was born September 2, 
1811, in Livingston County, iS'ew York, and when but five 
years old migrated into Marion County, Ind., with her father 
and mother and an older brother and sister, locating on Whit*' 
River, near the present site of Broad Ripple. In 1818 a short 
move was made to a ])oint on Eagle Creek, one-half mile 
above the present site of Traders' Point. In 1821. when it 
was decided to locate the capital of the state at the present siti^ 
of Indianapolis, another mf)ve was made to a point three miles 
down Eao-le Creek, to have the advantaoes of a residenc-' 
nearer the capital of the state. My maternal grandfather her^- 
entered a large tract of land. abt)ut 2,500 acrc-s, as soon as th 
land was surveyed. He resid'.'d in the present limits of Ma- 
rion County, about six years before the government survey 
David McCurdy was born in Scotland, in 1775, and with his 
motlier and onlv l^rorher. migrated when he was f)iir year- 
old to America, locating in Livingston County, X. Y. He 
died in 1858, an<l was intLM-red in Jones' Chapel Cemetery. 
whfTO my grandmother had b'*en huried years before. 

I was the thirtl son of J,-.sse C. and Mary F. Starkey, ar.d 
was born September 22. 1837, on a farm near Traders' Pomr, 
Marion County. Was one of a family of seven sons an<l one 
(laughter; was brought up on a farm. Had the advantages of 



362' EAItl-V LIFE AM) TIMKS IN 

the common schools of the neighborhood and a select school 
taught in the neighborhood by W. H. Griggs, whose zeal and 
scientific attainments will be remembered by many. After 
teaching school two years, I commenced, at the age of twenty- 
two years, the study of medicine, with Dr. S. A. Eoss, of Cler- 
mont, Marion County, Ind. ; continued the study with him 
two years, and attended lectures in the Hush Medical College, 
of Chicago, in 18G0-61 ; when, after spending a few months 
with Drs. W. X. Duzan and S. Rodman, of Ziousville, I 
located in the practice of medicine in "NYhitestown, Boone 
County. Ind., in March, 1862, and continued in the practice 
twelve years, when I engaged in the drug business, in Zious- 
ville, about two years. Then I moved on to my farm, in 
1875, where I now reside, where my time is occupied in farm- 
ing and stock raising. See his portrait on another page. 

JOHN SHELBUEX. 

Mr. Shelburn was l)orn in Kentucky in the year 1808. 
Came to where he now lives nearly fifty years ago. Though, 
strictly speaking, he is not one of the first settlers, yet the 
county was new when he arrived. He married Miss Bishop, 
daughter of William Bishop, one of the first settlers on Big 
Eagle. Mr. Shelburn has one of the finest farms on Big Eagle, 
two and one- half miles iioi-th of Ziousville, where his best days 
were spent and his best energies put forth to make a farm and 
raise his family, which he has done with credit He now is 
old and highly respected as an honest man and a christian 
gentleman, a Baptist ijy faith and practice. Xo man in Boone 
County stands higher than John Shelburn. 

THOMAS J. SHELBURX. 

Mr. Shelburn, though comparatively a young man ami citi- 
zen of the county, stands to-day deservedly high, having 
served a term of yr>ars as township trustee of Eagle Township, 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 363 

where he has resided for the past twenty years. He has been 
engaged in farming and stock raising successfully. He was 
nominated for county auditor on the Democratic ticket in 1886, 
but was defeated by a few votes by J. H, Perkins at the Novem- 
ber election, 1886. He is as ])leasant a gentleman as one will 
find anywhere. He is a brother of Benjamin Shelburii, who 
i-fsides at the old John Duzan homestead on Eagle Creek. He 
married a daughter of jNIr. Dazan, and owns a fine farm and 
other laud adjoining. He is also a good farmer, and a mem- 
ber of the Ba])tist Church near where he lives. He is about 
fifty yeais of age, Thomas J. being a few years younger. Botii 
are true and tried Democrats. They are relatives of John 
■Shelburn of the same township. George and Charles are 
brothers of B. W. and T. J. Shelburn. 

THE STULTZ FAMILY. 

Tlie above family came from North Carolina in 1835, and 
settled on Little Eagle Creek near the Boone and Hamilton 
(^'ounty line. There were four brothers, as follows: Thomas, 
Philip, Franklin and Joseph. Thomas now resides in Center 
Township, Boone County. Joseph resides in Zionsville. 
Philip .lied about 1862, and is buried at the Little Eagle 
Creek Cemetery. Franklin died in 1884, and is also buried 
in the above cemetery, jlrs. Philip Stultz resides on the old 
home farm on the creek. She is quite an old lady. Thomas 
married a Miss Ketner. Franklin raised a large family of 
twelve children, all of whom are now living. 'Si. P. and P^dward 
Brendle were married to two of his daughters Jo'<ej)h resides 
in Ziohsville, living a retired life after working hard, as well 
as the other brothers, to gain a competency, which thf^y all did. 
All were highly esteemed as good citizens, worthy the citizon- 
■'•hip of any county. "When these f)ur brothers came on the 
'•reek the country was new; they at once saw the situation, 
rolled uj) their sleeves, assisted by their v/ives, to make a farm. 
Success finally came, and from a few acres in the woods large. 



364 EARLY LIP^E AND TIMES IN 

well cultivated farms were the result. The road was not strew. 
with flowers by any means; hardships, toils and privation- 
were all along the way. There were at times obstacles hari 
to surmount. Dark clouds came thick and fast, but as off :i 
would the clouds have silver linings. The writer, when a boy. 
often passed their cabins along the little crooked road up th-: 
creek. But the little cabins are gone, the crooked road ha- 
been straightened, and better houses have taken the place oi 
the'cabins. It has taken toil and untold labor to bring about 
those changes. 

WILLIAM SMITH 

Was one among the many pioneers of Boone, settling do'vn 
about one aud a half miles southwest of Zionsville and living 
there until his death. Mr. Smith was born in what is now 
called Xew Virginia, January 21, 1799, and lived there until 
1830, when he moved to Boone County, where he has made In- 
residence ever since. He was united in marriage January 15. 
1826, to Miss Margaret Carr, of Virginia, who was born Sep- 
tember 7, 1809, and died April 19, 1830, this marriage being 
a very happy one. They have raised nine children, six boys 
and three girls, of whom two are deceased. Farming was his 
only occupation. He belonged to no creed, but always lived 
a conscientious and admirable life Mr. Smith was a Jack- 
sonian Democrat of the old type. Such was the life of a use- 
ful, honest and honorable old man. Mr. Smith in person was 
low, heavy-set, fair complexion, light hair. Is the father 
of Ex-county Commi.-sioner Wra. Smith and Attorney Jesse 
Smith, of Zionsville, He was many years justice of the peace. 

WILLIAM WARREX SMITH 

Was born November 25, IS14, near Baltimore, Md., and at 
the age of twelve, his father, John Smith, emigrated to Baxter 
County, Virginia. When in his twenty-first year, the subject 
of this sketch, in company with his brother, John T. Smitl), 



BOOXE COUNTY, INDIANA. oOO 

came to Franklin County, Ohio. On the 17th of January, 
1S39, he and ^liss Catharine Weaver were joined in wedlock, 
and with an eye to the future they, for a time, were con- 
t'-nt to live in the Buckeye State. In the cour.so of time two 
iif'irs were born unto them, both beinjj g-irls. The' oldest one 
ilied, and the parents being in i^oor circumstances, turned their 
eyes to\7ard the setting sun. Ivoading their household goods 
into one wagon, they, with their one daughter, emigrated to 
Indiana in October 1S42. They landed in the dismal swamjis 
of Boone, where fi'ogs croaked, owls hooted, and wolves howled. 
la the mid>t of all this they bought forty acres of "SVilliam B. 
Brackeuridge, for a consid.eration of two hundred and twenty- 
five dollars. The next thing in order was to build a cabin, 
a'ld at this station pioneer life began. In the midst of the 
forest, without monev, without roads, and a long wav to mar- 
V^\ through mud and mire — what was to be done? They 
iiid come to stay, and h.ad brought their iron will with them. 
Jjy indu-try and patience he lieljKHl to tear down the forest, 
lie had not only the v/elfare of his family and neighbors at 
:.eart, but the love, of Christ also. He was a Predesti- 
:;arian, but iilasi he was called to lay down his labors 
J:3re on earth. He passed from among the living January 31, 
1384, aged sixty-nine years, two months and six .days. lie 
1 -ft an aged widow, three sons and two daughters to mourn 
their loss. Ir is to be hop'^d their loss is his gain in the world 
to corap. He left all his family a good home. There were 
sf'ven children, four of whom survive. They are as follows: 
r)avid Vr., M-ho married Mai-y J. Williams, resides in Boone 
County; Bazzle H., who married Serreld Fitch, also lives in 
Boone County ; Warren J., married Henrietta Smith, lives in 
Buonc County; Rachel, marri-'d George Low, of Hamiltori 
C')unty, where tliey now live. Bazzle married twice, the secoiui 
time to Xancy Stoker.' 

I^. ^V. Smith, who furnished the above, is a valuable citiz'Ti 
<^f Perry Township, and who kindly entertained us while get- 
ting material for this work. 



366 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

AARON SMITH, 

One of the pioneers of Boone Connty, was born in 1800. 
Was united in marriage to Frances Tiiornas in 1825. She v\";is 
born in Kentucky in the year 1810. They came to Perry 
Township in 1835, then an unbroken woods. Mr. Smitli 
bought 120 acres of land at Gaunt Mill, where he at once be- 
gan to make a home in the woods. He, with his wife, made 
a successful effort and soon were possessed of a well caitivated 
farm. Mr. Smith died in the fall of 1877, highly re3i)ected. 
Mrs. Smith is yet living at the age of seventy-seven, just the 
age at which her husband died. ^Iv. Smith is buried at the 
Mt. Tabor Cemetery, in Perry Township. This pioneer fam- 
ily raised a large family of eight children, five boys and three 
girls, named as follows: Daniel (deceased), Caleb, resides in 
Zionsville ; Eli, born in Kentucky, 1830, married to Patsy A. 
Kemper, Oetoljer 24, 1850, resides in Perry Township. He 
was elected county treasurer in 1885; he also served as town- 
ship trustee nine years; he is highly esteemed as a valuable 
citizen and has made a good officer, in every relation of life a 
good man; ]\lalinda S., Permelia F., Presly T., all living; 
William T., died at the age of eight years; Laura F., died at 
the age of fiVe years; buried at Mt. Taljor Cemetery in Perry 
Township. Mr. Smith was a sterling Democrat of the Jeri'er- 
souiau school. He taugiu the second school in Perry Township). 

JAMES H. SAMPLE. / 

/ 
Mr- Sample was born in the state of Ohio on the 11th day 
of August, 1803. He was married to Isabelle Wylie in Ken- 
tucky in 1827. Came to Boone County in the year 1833. 
Mr. Sample died September 3, 1853. The folhnving are the 
names of this large family: Joseph A., born February 11, 
1829; Robert, born September 26, 1830; Plugh R., born 
March 22, 1832, died in infancy; Mary E., born March 3^ 



Bf)ONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 3(m 

1833; Hugh W., born August 28, 1835; Eliza A., born May 
"22, 1837, died in infancy; Andenille, born January 23, 1830. 
was in the 10th Indiana Vobmteors, died March 4, 18G4, ar 
Nashville, Tenn., i)rought home and buried at Salem Ceme- 
tery; he was wounded September 17, 1863; William H.jboru 
February 24, 1841, died August 18. 1860; Dorcas W., born 
May 21, 1843; Rebecca J., born April 14, 1845, died Decem- 
ber 23, 1877; John R., born April 17,1849; Margaret A., 
born !May 3, 1851. Mr. and [Mrs. Sample settled in the green 
woods w-hen the country was new; there were no roads or 
mills near. Mr. Sample tauglit about the first school ever 
taught in Clinton Township. The four lirst named were borii 
in Kentucky. Mr. and Mrs. Sample were members of the 
Presbyterian Church. Mrs. SanijJe died August 27, 1881. 
Mr. Sample was justice of the peace eight years. They were 
highly respected members of the church and society. 



ROBERT STEPHEXSOX 

Was born in Xicholas County, Kentucky, in 1783; was mar- 
ried to Sarah McDole in Kentucky. Came to Boone County 
in 1833, and settled in what now is Clinton Town.--hip, section 
twenty-five. Xo roads, no mills, and few neighbors. ^M;-. 
and !Mrs. Steplienson were members of the Presbyterio.n 
Church, and are buried at tlie Salem or Mud Creek Cemetery. 
The following are their children's names: John A. died at 
the age of forty years; William lives in Center Township; 
Aris, deceased ; Margaret, deceased ; Thomas ^I., married to 
Sarah Rausdale, resides two miles north of Elizaville, and 
near ^Marion Township. lie is in every way c<^nsidered one 
of the be>t citizens ; he has been hero nearly all his life and 
owns one of the finest farms in Clinton Township. Ge-^g^ 
^vas killed in Clinton Township ab<nit the year 1^39. Jo.-eph 
I'esides in Lebanon. 



368 EARLY IJFE AND TIMES IK 

GEOPvGE SHOEMAKER 

Was boru iu Xorth Carolina, September 17, 1811, and came 
to Union Township, Boone County, in 18-37. He was first 
united in marriage to Martha Harvey, who died in December, 
1848. The fidlowing are the names of his chiklren by the 
first marriage: Levi P.; Isaac M. ; Michael, died in Yicks- 
burg daring the late war; was in the 54th Indiana Volunteer 
Kegiment; buried at Vieksburg ; Malinda J., deceased, and 
Eliza E. The following children are by his second marriage, 
^vhich occurred June 11, 1850, to Elizabeth Allen : John C, 
Frances H., James B., Laura B. George Shoemaker is one of 
the prominent men of Boone County, having served as county 
commissioner several years, township trustee eight years, and 
is and has been connected with the banks at Lebanon as an 
officer and stockholder; he is also one of our best formers, 
owning at one time nearly one thousand acres of choice land 
in Union Township, eight miles cast of Lebanon, where he 
Ikis resided many years, highly respected by all. Is a member 
of the Regular Baptist Church, No man in the county stands 
higher than Mr. Shoemaker^ one of the pioneers of Union 
Township. 

JOHN SLOCUM, 

One of the pioneers of Boone County, was born in Harrison 
Couutv, Ya., 3Iay 22, 1800. Married to Sarah Me'Jann, wlio 
was born July 27, 1805, They were married May 18, 1826. 
Came first to Rush County, Ind., and remained there one year. 
In April, 1830, th-^y landed iu Washington Townshij), on 
Spring Creek, where h? owned a large tract of land, a part of 
which he entered. He died July 3, 18G6; Mrs. S. died S.^p- 
tember 27, 1863; both are buried in Bethel Cemetf-ry, near 
where they first settled, and where their life was mostly spent, 
or the best davs at least. Names of their children : Ro!)ert, 
born March 15, 1827, resides in Washington Township, and 



1/9 



f-^ z-^^; 





C. F. S. NEAL. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 369 

is one of the best farmers and men in the county ; owns 640 
acres of choice land six miles north of Lebanon ; he was 
married to Xancy J. Snodgrass; Sarah, deceased in Kansas, 
September, 1866; Thomas, born July 17, 1830, married to 
Martha Rose, resides in Knox County, Mo.; John, born 
November 11, 1834, married to Eliza Taylor, resides in Jef- 
ferson Township; Margaret, born August 7, 1835, married to 
David Thornburg; she is deceased ; buried in the Bethel Cem- 
etery, in Washington Township; Mary J., married to "William 
Lansbury, born November 28, 1841 ; Ann, born April 12, 
1846, died September, 1866, and is buried in Bethel Cemetery ; 
Rebecca, died in infancy; Harriet, born April 29, 1848, died 
at the age of five years. This is one of the largest as well as 
the earliest families in Washington Township. Long may 
their memory live. While canvassing for this work we called 
on Robert, the eldest of the family, and from whom we 
ol^tained the history of his family. We wish to thank ]Mr. 
Robert Slocum for his kindness, also his family. The grand- 
father of John Slocum was born in England, 1744. Came to 
America 1767, and died in Hampshire, Va. He was married 
to Abigail Lee, one of the Lee family, who came to Virginia. 
On anotiier page of this work will be found a portrait of 
Robert Slocum, taken at the age of sixty years. 

PHILIP SICKS. 

Prominent among the farmers of Boone County is the per- 
son whose name stands at the head of this sketch. He was 
born in Bath County, Kentucky, July 15, 1803; came to Flat 
Rock, Decatur C'ounty, stopping tli^re ojie year, and from 
there he landed in Boone County, in the spring of 1836, and 
l»as been a permanent resident ever since. 

Mr. Sicks was married to Xancy Shane, ^Nlarcli 9, 1826. in 
Nicholas County, Kentucky; the result of this marriage being 
nine children, of whom three are deceased, and his wife died 
24 



370 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

July Q, 1848. Afterwards iiianied Amrliti A'iJato, of whom 
he has never raised any children. She died October 12, 1882. 
Mr. Sicks then imited in marriage to Margaret Sicks, who was 
born in Bath County, Kentucky, with whom he lived until his 
''death. She yet resides on the corner of Lebanon and Ehn 
streets, in a comfortable home, where Mr. Sicks passed away, 
September 13, 1886. Mr. Sicks united with the Christian 
Church in 18(56 and has alwas been a commanding christian. 
No man in Boone County was more highly respected by his 
neighbors and acqiuiintances than Philip Sicks. At his death 
his descendants numbered eighty-nine — six children, forty- 
eight o-raudchildren, and thirtv-five great-grandchildren. Such 
was the career of an honest, upright, intelligent, and worthy 
citizen. 

GEORGE W. SCOTT, 

Of Harrison To'.vnship, was born in Virginia, January 2, 1826, 
in Lee County ; came with his parents to ^Morgan County, Ind., 
in 1831, remained there two years ; then to Hendricks County, 
remained there six years, when the family came, in 1840, to 
Boone County, settling in Harrison Township in January of 
that year. His father's name was Xathaniel Scott, his moth- 
er's name before marriage was Sarah E. Coldwell. Xathaniel 
Scott was born in Giles County, Va., July 14, 1796; was mar- 
ried to Sarah E. Coldwell, in Virginia, in iS2o. Mr. Scott 
was in tlie war of 1812. He died October 22, 1877, aged 
eighty-three years, three months. Mrs. Scott died April 1, 
1884, aged eighty-one years; both are buried at Union Ceme- 
tery in Jacks'm Tovrnship. The ibllowing arc tb.e names of 
this pioneer family : Rachel S. , Marion K., George \\., Reu- 
ben M., John ~M., all dead except George AV. Scott, the subj^'Ct 
of this sketch, who resides in Harrison Township. George 
\y. Scott was married to Druzilly James, January, 1847. She 
died August, 1875, and is buried at Mt. Union Cemetery. 
Three children were l;orn to them. ?Jr. Scott was the secon»l 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 371 

time married to Miss Sarali J. Lower. Seven .children v/ere 
born to them. Mr. Scott served ten years as township tru-tee 
with general acceptability, and was nominated in 1886 for 
county commissioner by the Democratic party, but was defeated 
a few votes by William C. Crump. In 1872 Mr. Scott bad 
the misfortune to lose one of his legs in a runaway with horses. 
He is pleasantly located on the pike between New Brunswick 
and Lebanon, M'here he owns a fine farm and enjoys tiie confi- 
dence of the ])cople he has so long been associated with. To 
him and family we are greatly indebted to for fiivors shown in 
the canvass for this work. 

ISAAC H. SMITH. 

The one wh.ose name heads this brief sketch resides in tlie 
southwestern part of Boone County, adjoining Hendricks 
County on the south, and one mile west of his house is the 
line of Montgomery County. He has resided here many 
years, and owns a fine farm of 240 acres, well cultivated, and 
has a splendid brick house and other buildings; in fact, every- 
thing denotes thrift and energy. Mr. Smith was born in 
Hendricks County, Ind., December 27, 1833. His parents, 
Harden and Elizabeth Smith, were born in Kentucky, but 
came when young to Jackson Township, Boone County, ^^here 
they were married, where they resided many years and he 
entered forty acres of land. About this time Isaac II. Smith, 
the subject of this sketch, together with his parents, had a 
struggle with life. Hardships came thick and fast, wheu I-aac 
proposed to go to Tiiorntown and learn the carpenter's ttade 
with Samuel Ottcrman, at ten dollars per month. This was 
in the year 1852. He remained in and around Thorntown for 
three years. At this time he became a partner with Jo-eph 
Otterman in the above business. This firm did a hii^e 
amount of work in Montgomery and Boone counties, buiMing 
barns, houses, etc. The work then, as a matter of course, 
had to be done by hand, as there were no planing mills tiien 



372 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

and tlie work was Juborioiis. But Mr. Smith had the grit 
and manhood to surmount all obstacles and succeeded in help- 
ing his parents in the struggle of life. He was married to 
Anna L. Otterman, daughter of Lewis Otterman, April 13, 
185G. His family consists of nine children, four boys and 
five girls. One of the sons died when young. Mr. Smith's 
mother died in Xovember, 1855. 



THOMAS J. STIPES, 

One of the early citizens of Jefferson Township, was born in 
Jefferson County, Ind,, February 16, 1819. Came to Boone 
County March 7, 1845. He was married to Martha Sanford, 
daughter of William R. Sanford. one of the pioneers of the 
county. Mr. Stipes is one of the best farmers; takes great 
delight in agriculture and raising and caring for stock of all 
kinds. He has one of the finest deer i)arks in the county and 
has it well stocked with all sizes of deer, from the spotted fawn 
to the fleet-footed buck. Mr. and Mrs. Stipes have no chidren. 
Mr. Sanford, ^Nlrs. Stipes' father, is living with them. Mr. 
Stipes' father's name was Joseph Stipes, died February 12, 
1858. is buried at Shannondale Cemeterv in iSIontgomerv 
County. His mother's name, before marriage, was Mary A. 
Stone, she died in January, 1803, is also buried at the Shan- 
nondale Cemetery. ^Ir. Stipes lives in Jefferson Township 
near the Montgomerv Countv line. 



JACOB TIPTOX. 

Jacob Tipton, the subject of this sketch, was born in ]\Iary- 
land in the year 1800. His parents died when he was very 
young, ^le was appnMuiced to a blacksmith and learned that 
trade. "When he attained his maioritv he emi2;i'ated to the 
state (>f Pennsylvania, and worked at his trade about three 
years, an-l from there he came to Preble County, O., and 



BOONE COU^TY, INDIANA . 373 

engaged to work at his trade -with Daniel McCoy, whose 
son-in-law he afterwards became, marrying his daughter Sarah, 
and in 1830, together with his tather-in-law, came to Indiana, 
locating at Jamestown. Daniel McCoy settled on a farm in 
Hendricks County, about three miles from Jamestown, while 
Jacob put up a rude shop and worked at his trade for al)out 
one year. Daniel McCoy sold his farm and moved to James- 
town in 1831. He and Tipton formed a partnership and sold 
goods under the firm name of Tipton & McCoy. Tiiey con- 
tinued the business about four years, and, selling out, Jacob 
Tipton moved to Xorthfield in 1835, and went into the goods 
business with Hiram McQuitty ; but before he came to North- 
field he was elected sheriff, succeeding Austin Davenport in 
that office; served in that office two terms, and was succeeded 
by William Zion. The first grand jury that ever convened in 
the county held their session at his house in Jamestown. One 
little incident that happened while he was sheritT, is perhaps 
worthy of notice ; he had a warrant for the arrest of a notorious 
character for larceny, who hrd been a terror to the country 
for some time, and who declared that he would not be taken. 
When he went to arrest him he fortunately met him alone in 
the woods, and told him to get into the path going to Lebanon, 
and if he made a move to the right or left he would kill him, 
keeping his hand in his pocket all the time. He rode behind 
him all the way to Lebanon through the v/oods, for there was 
nothing but a path in those days, and safely deposited him in 
the log jail, and then told him that he was unarmed — did not 
have even a pocket-knife. The fellow was very much 
chagrined when he found that out, and that he could have 
escaped so easily if he had not been so cowardly. He also 
kept tavern in Northfield for about twenty years. During that 
time there was an immense travel on the Michigan road. Ho 
and McQuitty dissolved partnership. McQuitty retiring. He 
continued the business at intervals alone and in partnership 
with his son, John G. Tij^ton, till 1854. 

About the year 1838 he attached himself to the North 



374 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

American Fur Company and continued with that company 
fourteen years, when the company suspended, hauling all the 
furs he bought in wagons to Logansport. After that comj'any 
suspended, about 1853 or '54, he bought fur for Denny & Co., 
Dayton, Ohio, until his death in 1860. While engaged in that 
business for a period of about twenty-five years, he was kept 
much away from home in the winter season, sometimes as long 
as throe or four weeks at a time, his wife and boys looking 
after the affairs at home, managing both the farm and tavern. 
His wife's management of the tavern made it very profitable; 
she drew the largest custom of any of the many taverns on the 
Michigan road. Travelers that stopped there once would al- 
ways Eiake it a point to do so again when traveling that 
road. He was the father of thirteen children, all of whom 
attained their majority. John G. Tipton, the eldest, who was 
associatsd with him at one time in the mercantile business at 
Xorthfield, and afterwards conducted the business alone, died 
in Marion Township, Boone County, 1871. Martha is living 
in Missouri. AVilliam A. is a successful lawyer now at AV in- 
field, Kansas; he has won distinction at the Lebanon, Coving- 
ton and Indiana{)olis bars, and has a reputation second to none 
as a jurist. Mary .J. died in Xorthfield in 1855; Sarah E. is 
living in Stockwell, Ind. ; Francis M. is at Winfield, Kansas, 
))racticing law; Hulda L. died in Jefferson Township, 1881; 
James H. is living in Fountain County, also practicing law; 
lie has filled several positions of trust in that county. George 
\V. is living in Iowa; Rachel M. is living in Boone County; 
Tillman H, is living in Fountain County ; Rebecca D. is liv- 
ing in Fountain County; Amanda M. is living in Dakota. 
Sarah Tipton, his widow, still survives him, and is living in 
Fountain County with her son, James H. Tipton. She is now 
seventy-eight years old. During the late war the family fur- 
nished the following volunteers for the Union : John G. 
Tipton, 8Gth Indiana; James H., 10th and 154th Indiana — 
served four years; George W., 40th Indiana — served three 
years; Tillman H., 135th and 154th — one year; Francis M., 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 375 

captain home guui'd.s, had to stay at home and take care of the 
family. 

Of the early settlers that were in Jamestown at the time he 
came there, was Samuel Wick, who was keeping tavern. John 
Gibson lived just below town. Witt's house was the only 
house that was built at that time. The town was laid out by 
James Madlock and John Gibson. The first store was kept 
by Sayer & Burk ; the first election was held there in 1831 
(either 1831 or '32) ; the first court was held in a-log cabin ; 
the grand jury held their meetings in a room of his house; 
almost the whole court boarded at his house. Mrs. Tipton 
was out of flour and had to serve them with corn bread ; in 
passing the bread, David Hoover, the clerk of the court, de- 
clined to take any just yet, mistaking it for pudding. 

There was but one church organization, the Baptists, who 
held their meetings in a log school house below town and in 
houses in the neighborhood. When he came to North- 
field, in 1835, there was but one house there; that was a gro- 
cery, kept by Jonathan Cruz, who boarded with Hiram ]Mc- 
Quitty, who lived just south of town. He moved into a 
vacant house just below town, owned by McQuitty. He soon 
built him a dwelling house, and he and McQaitty built a store 
house in whi'.:h they afterwards sold goods. John McCoy did 
most of the carpenter work. There was considerable travel 
on the Michigan road at that time, going to the north and 
northwest. The road was lined with peddlers of all kinds. 
They could buy flour, meat, apples, peaches, whisky, brandy 
and all kinds of notions from wagons in the road. He was 
soon appointed postmaster. The mail was carried by stages. 
Ho was postmaster twenty years. They had one mail each 
way daily in the winter and spring. When the roads were 
bad it would be midnight most of the time before the mail 
from either '>vay would reach his orfice, and he would have to 
g'-'t up in the night and open the mail. Often he was not at_ 
home and that duty was performed by ]\Irs. Tipton. 

Of the early settlers of Xorthfield were Flarrison and Mack 



376 EARLY LIFE AXD TIMES IN 

Spencer, who sold goods; James Peyton, Channcy Cole^ 
Abner Sanborn, the first justice of the peace, and shortly after 
kept tavern; Dr. Presly, Dr. S. K. Hardy, Dr. Martin, who 
yvas also a Baptist preacher; John Kounts located just north 
on Eagle Creek and kept a grocery and erected the first mill 
in the neighborhood, and I think Isaac Hoover, west of town,' 
erected the second ; John Hartman, Judge Dooley, Isaac Hut- 
ton, Wra. O. Cary, were the first school teachers, if I remem- 
ber right. Jacob Tipton was an energetic man, had an iron 
constitution, the weather never was too severe for him to ven- 
ture out into it to attend to his business. He was possessed 
of a good, practical education, as good as the times could 
afford. He did much to develop the county and encourage 
emigration. His business brought him in contact with men 
from all parts of the country, and it was through his influence 
and representations that induced many good men to settle in 
the county who would have went elsewhere. In politics he 
was always a Democrat, and took great interest in politics, both 
state and national. He was one of those men who was pecu- 
liarly fitted to develop and advance the interests of a new 
country. He never had much sickness, was always on the 
move until his death, which occurred in October, 1860. He 
was buried in the Ross Cemetery, one mile north of Northfield. 

JAMES TURNER. 

Among many of the prominent citizens of Boone County 
who have passed away in the last few years was the person 
whoso name stands at the head of this sketch. ^Ir. Turner 
was born in Lee County, Virginia, in the spring of 1806. 
When he was two years old his mother died ; after this, his 
father moved to Campbell County, Tennessee, he living with 
him until he was thirteen years of age, when he separated 
from him, not seeing his relations any more, with the except- 
ion of one brother. He came to Indiana in 1829, stopping 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 377 

at Crawfordsville, and in the year of 1S30, the 25th day of 
March, was married to Elizabeth Pauley. She was an ac- 
quaintance of his in Tennessee, and had moved out here a 
year or so previous. They lived in Montgomery County for 
a short time after their marriage, then moving to Boone 
County and buying a home in the woods northeast of Thorn- 
town, having very few neighbors at that time, but frequently 
visited by Indians. 

Mr. Turner has not been a very shifting man ; has moved 
only three times since he settled. In February, 1872, he sold 
his farm and bought land within one mile of Lebanon. His 
wife died the 16th of April, 1878, and in November, 1879, he 
broke up housekeeping and went to live with his daughter,. 
Mrs. Cynthia Tyre, she being the only child living, having 
buried two boys — William ^^'allace and James A. — and one 
daughter Eliza, several years before. He lived with his daugh- 
ter the most of the time until January 24, 1881, when he 
passed away to another world, at the age of seventy-two years. 

Mr. Turner's profession was that of farming; belabored 
very severely in the settling up of the old county of Boone, 
sometimes working for from twenty-five to fifty cents per day. 
He took great pride in saving his money and being firm in his 
dealings, and made a nice little fortune. His motto was, that 
"if he couldn't get his price, to take the one offered." His 
great prosperity is certainly a great incentive to poor young- 
men ; it shows where industry and will are combined there 
is always a way. 

LELAND TANSELL 

Was born near Georgetown, Ky., September 7, 1814. His 
father, Francis Tansell, was a Frenchman; died near Indian- 
apolis in 1841. His mother's name was (before marriage) 
Catharine Cook. She died January 1, 1842; both are buried 
west of Indianapolis, in Marion County. They were very old 
people, near eighty years of age. Leland Tansell was married 



378 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

to Anibell Huff'tnan, June 20, 1839, in Perry Township, 
Boone County. Mr. Tansell came first to the county in 1835, 
four years before he was married; has resided in the county 
oyer fifty years. He now resides one mile southwest of Zion>-:- 
ville, where he owns a fine farm and enjoys home after a h)ne 
citizenship. He knows something about pioneer life on Eagle 
Creek. While canvassing for this work I was kindly enter- 
tained by them at their home. The names of their children 
we have not at hand. There are several, however, most of 
Avhoni are now men grown. Long may this worthy family 
live. 

JAMES THORXBURG 

Was born near Lexington, Ky., August 7, 1800; was married 
to Jane Andrews, near Dayton, Ohio, in 1820; came to what 
is now Washington T(»wn-;hip when it was all woods. Entered 
the land now owuikI by .James Staley. Mr. and ]\L's. Thorn- 
burg were both members of the Missionary Baptist Church ; 
■are buried at the Cason Cemetery, in Washington Township. 
The following are tlie names of tliis pioneer family : Catha- 
rine, married to Joseph Buckhalter; reside in Kansas. Mary, 
married to John Stort ; reside in Dayton, Ind. William, mar- 
ried to Christenia Custer; he died in St. Louis, 18G2. John, 
married to Amanda Bozland (deceased) ; died in Crawfords- 
ville, Ind. Xancy, married to Samuel Scott (deceased) ; bur- 
ied at Cason Cemetery. Abigail, married to James Bozland ; 
reside in Thorntown, Ind. David, married to Sarah E. Wag- 
oner; reside in Washington Township. Ira S., married to 
Angeline Bells; reside in Jackson Township. James married 
to Margaret Lister; reside in Missouri. Elizabeth J., married 
Slayback ; she resides in Center Township; her husband is 
dead. Levi was married to Clara Lame; reside in Sedalia, 
Mo. The children all lived to be married. David was 
the first child born in Washington Township. This pio- 
neer family came to Boone County in the year 1832. 



BOONE COU>'TY, INDIANA. 379 

STEPHEN TITUS, 

One of tlie pioneers of Boone County, was born in tlie state 
of Pennsylvania, January 1, 1800, consequently had a fair 
start with the nineteenth century. Was married to Xancy 
Barton in the year 1821. Came to Boone County in 1830, 
and entered his land, IGO acres, on Sugar Creek, where he 
died February 13, 1SG8. Mrs. Titus died October 31, 1874; 
both are buried in Betiiel Cemetery, in Washington Town- 
ship. Mr. Titus was a member of the Christian Church. In 
person Mr. T. was tall, fair complexion and light hair, and 
a Jacksonian Democrat. The following are their children's 
names: Sacressa, married Owen Davis, died in Ohio ; Eachel, 
died in 1883, buried iu Bethel Cemetery ; William, married to 
Nancy McKiusey, resides iu Sugar Creek Township; Eli, 
married to Eliza Campbell, deceased ; George, married to 
Matilda Parkins, resides in Washington Township; Samuel, 
married to Jane Wilkins, resides at the old home ; Nathaniel 
C, married to Bell Campbell, resides in Lebanon ; was elected 
sheriff of Boone County in November, 1880; Stephen, died 
in Louisville, Ky.; was in the army; buried in the Bethel 
Cemetery; Elizabeth and Sarah E. died iu infancy. 

WILLIAM TITUS, 

The subject of this sketch, was born in the state of Pennsyl- 
vania (Green County), March 4, 1825, and with his parents, 
Stephen and Nancy Titus, moved to Indiana in the fall of 
^830, settling two and one-half miles east of Thorntown, in 
Washington Township, Boone County. "The land had been 
brought into market t\vo years before, but the Indians did not 
leave till the year w<^*h40ved here, therefore the country was 
just beginning to be settled by the whites. This, then, was 
an unbroken wilderness, save what little the squaws ha<l 
<-'leared up at what was then called Up])er and Lower Thorn- 



380 EARI.Y LIFE AND TIMES IN 

town, and a few hardy pioneers who had pushed out amonor 
the Indians to get a home. My father went to work, aft<r 
building a cabin, to clearing away the forest so that he might 
raise something for his family to live on. I, being the oldest 
boy of the family, had to do all I could, as soon as T was old 
enough, to help make the tarm and keep the family. I liv< d 
at home till I was twenty-six years old. I married, in 1851, 
Nancy A. McKinsoy, daughter of George and Leah McKin- 
sey. She was born in a little cabin, where Thorntown now 
stands, February 24, 1830. Her parents soon after moved to 
the Twelve-Mile Prairie, living there until she was grown to 
womanhood. Her father finally bought the mill property 
owned by Michael Chase, on Sugar Creek, in Washington 
Township, this county, where we were married. Eight 
children have been the fruit of our marriage, five of whom 
have passed away to the Savior who said : ' Suffer little 
children to come unto me, and forbid them not, for of such 
is the kingclom of heaven.' One son and two daughters live 
to comfort us in the evening of life. I have lived to see this 
country, a wilderness fifty-seven years ago, converted into 
beautiful farms and pleasant homes, with all the advantages of 
schools, churches, and elevation in society that follow such 
grand improvements. I and my family are members of the 
Christian Church ; have a farm in Sugar Creek Township, 
where, perhaps, we will live till called to that country where 
Christ, our elder brother, has gone to prepare a mansion for 
all who love Him. William Titus." 

February, 10, 1887. 

AXDERSOX TROTTER. 

The subject of this sketch was born September 12, 1809, in 
Carolina County, Va., came to Indiana Territory in the year 
1814. At the age of twenty seven years came to Hendricks 
County, Ind., and came to Boone County December, 1830. 
Mr. Trotter was married to Marv Curgan in November, 183<). 



BOONE COUXTY, INDIANA. u8l 

When they came to Boone Couuty one month after marriage, 
they moved in a little log cabin in the green woods. Then 
it was that the struggle of life began in earnest. Sometiuies 
dark; sometimes the dark clouds would have a silver lining. 
Mr. Trotter says he could hardly stand straight up in his cabin 
it was so low, and had but one room, which served as parlor, 
bedroom and kitohen. Yet in this little, humble home, some 
of his happiest days were spent. As the opening in the woods 
spread out larger and broader, the little ones came in due 
time to bless their wedded life. Mr. Trotter says their table 
was a slab split out, and the puncheon floor was of the same 
material. This little cabin served its day, when it gave way 
to the hewed log house, and, in time, this to a frame. Mr. 
Trotter was a poor man on coming to this county; ten dollars 
was all the money he had. He had the misfortune in 18(33 to 
have his house burnt, losing nearly all his furniture. Mr. 
Trotter all through life ha; been a hard worker, and, now, aged 
as he i-^, I found him last September hard at work toiling in 
t!ie fields. His wife died several years ago, November 19, 
1867. She is buried on the farm near Jamestown, as well as 
some of his deceased ceildren. A daughter died in September, 
1815, aged seventeen years, and on September 10, 1857, his 
youngest son died, aged sixteen years. Mrs. Trotter was born 
in Virginia, July, 1814; came to Indiana in the year 1834. 
She was in her sixty-fourth year when she died. Mr. Trotter 
is now living with his children near Jamestown, Mrs. William 
Heekerthorn, Mrs. D. H. Shockley, and Mrs. John Day. His 
toiling ha-i not been in vain, for, after providing for his family, 
he has plenty left for old age. ^Ir. Trotter's father was born 
in Virginia in 1780, and died in 1818. His grandfather 
was horn in Ireland in the seventeenth century. ^Ir. Ander- 
son Trotter is highly esteemed in the county wherever known. 
In person he is of medium size, florid com})lL'xion, and has 
been an iron man ; has been through the "flint mill." Long 
fuay he live to enjoy his hard earnings. 



382 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 



DEXXIS THREILKIELD. 



Mr, Threilkielcl was bora in Kentucky, Xovembor, 1831. 
Came with his parents to Boone County when a mere boy. 
He is the son of George Tiireilkiehl, one of the pioneers of 
the county, and who came to Jefferson Township about the 
year 1836. Dennis is one of the substantial men of Boone 
County and one of its most successful farmers and stock rais- 
ers. He resides in Jefferson Township, ten miles southwest 
of Lebanon^ where he owns a fine farm and splendid buildings, 
splendid house, barn and other outbuildings. Everything on 
his farm denotes thrift and energy. He was married at the 
age of twenty-five, but has no children. In politics he is a 
Democrat of the Jacksoniau school. Wherever Dennis is 
known he is highly esteemed as a worthy man and citizen. 
While canvassing for this work we stopped at his pleasant 
home, and was kindly received and entertained by him and 
his estimable wife. 

WM. RILEY TAYLOR 

Was born in Union County, Ind., October 7, 1817. Came to 
Boone County in 1832; was first married to Elizabeth B.<-k. 
October, 1832. The following are the children's names : John 
F., James L., William R., Abner (died at the age of two 
years) ; Francis M., Mary A. (died at the age of twenty-two 
years); Martha (died at the age of twenty-one years, in Texasj. 
Mrs. Taylor died Xoveraber, 1864. The deceased members of 
Mr. Taylor's family are buried at the cemetery just east of his 
housi3, where he has erected handsome and costly mouume!; ts 
in memory of loved ones gone. Mr. Taylor was again married 
to Eliza Coldwell, in 1875, daughter of William Coldwell, oue 
of the pioneers of Jeffjrson Township. Mr. Taylor, in 1S47, 
built a fine brick residence on his fine farm in Jetferson Town- 
ship, where he now resides and owns one of the finest farms, 
640 acres, in the county. Mr. Taylor was a Democrat up to 



BOOXE COU^'TV, INDIANA. 38-5 

1860, since which time he has been somewhat independent in 
politics. He was a strong war man, and all through life a 
highly respected citizen. To Mr. and Mrs. Taylor we owe 
much for kind treatment at their hospitable home while gath- 
ering material for the "Early Life and Times in Boone 
County." W. R. Taylor resides in Jefferson Township, one 
and one-half miles west of Hazelrigg Station, where he owns 
six hundred acres of choice land. 



JAMES A. THOMPSON, 

One of the pioneers of Jefferson Township, Boone County, 
was born in Nicholas County, Ky., May 26, 1799, married to 
Martha Blair February 19, 182-1. MissBlair was also a native 
of Kentucky, born November 22, 1804. Came to Boone in 
1830, and were indeed pioneero. Mrs. Thompson died May 
26, 1866; Mr. Thompson died December 28, 1867. Both are 
buried at the Shannondale Cemetery in Montgomery County,. 
Ind. Mr. Thompson entered 240 acres of land. He as well 
as his wife were members of the church. Mr. Thompson was 
associate judge a number of years, and a man of high standing. 
The following are their children's names: Joseph A., born 
January 8, 1825; Mary J., born October 29, 1826; Levi N., 
born August 28, 1828; "Wallace M., born May 12, 1831; 
Chester G., born May 8, 1833; Martin B., born December 9, 
1835; Susan A., born June 5, 1838; Cynthia A., born August 
12, 1840; William B., born April 22," 1843. The following 
are deceased: Mary J., buried at Thorntown, Ind.; Levi N., 
buried at the Cox Cemetery; Wallace and William B., buried 
at the Shannondale Cemetery, in Montgomery County, Ind. 
The Thompson flimily will be remembered as one of the pio- 
neer families of Boone County. 



384 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 



OEL THAYER. 



Ml-. Thayer was born in Vermont in 1807, and was mar- 
ried to Caroline Ojburn, daughter of the late James Osburn. 
She was born in 1815. They came to Boone County at an 
early day, about the year 1838. Mr. Thayer was most of his 
life engaged in selling goods and trading, first at Clarkstown, 
then at Eagle Village and Lebanon. He was one of the best 
posted men in the county on general subjects, and a shrewd 
business man in every respect. He died at Lebanon in 1874, 
just past the meridian of life. His wife died six or eight 
years previous. The following are his children's names: 
Byron, Albert, Amanda, Henry, Adaline, James A., Daniel M., 
Vianua, William, Edwin and Helen. Byron, Amanda and 
Vianna are deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Thayer and the family 
deceased are buried at Lebanon. Albert Thayer lives in the 
city of Indianapolis. Mr. and Mrs. Thayer will long be 
remembered as early and highly respected citizens. 

AVILLIAM W. TROUT. 

Mr. Trout has been nearly all his life in Boone County, 
most of the time in AVorth Township, where he was married 
to Miss Neese, daughter of A. Ncese, Esq., who resides one 
mile south of Whitestown. Mr. Trout now lives near Hazle- 
rigg Station, on the farm formerly owned by the late H. G. 
Hazlerigg, and where he has resided the past five or six years, 
and where he owns and operates one of the finest farms in the 
county. Mr. Trout studi''-d law when a young man, and has 
acted a-j attorney and collector for the railroad for many years ; 
but of late has devoted his time to farming — his chosen pro- 
fession. He is a Di-niocrat of the olden type. Takes great 
interest in fine stock raising of which he has none but the 
best, and is looking for better all the time. He has a pleasant 
home and family, and where we were kindly received while in 







44 




^?w 



^^M^ 



m^ 



<iM0i 



A. C. DAILY. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 385 

Washington Township in the interest of this work. Mr. 
Trout is just in his prime, being about fifty-two years of age, 
strong, athletic and will pull the scales down at two hundred 
pounds at any time. May he never grow less. 

ABRAHAM UTTER. 

The subject of this sketch was born in the year 1800; was 
one of the pioneers of Boone County. He first saw tiie light 
of day in East Tennessee; married Jane Carmichacl in 1830; 
came to Boone County in the fall of 1832; resided nearly fifty 
years on the same land which he entered when the county was 
yet almost a wilderness; no roads or other conveniences of 
to-day. Mr. Utter died on the 9th of March, 1881 ; Mrs. 
Utter died in the year 1'576; buried at the Cox Cemetery. 
Mr. Utter's parents came to the county in the year 1834. Mr. 
Utter died many years ago; Mrs. Utter died in tlie winter of 
1851. Is also buried at the Cox Cemetery. Abraham Utter, 
senior, was in the wars of 1876 and 1812; died at the age of 
eighty-six years. 

Abraham Utter^ the subject of this sketch, raised a family 
of ten children; two daughters and two sons reside in Boone 
County (three are deceased), and one daughter and two sons 
reside in Rice County, Kansas. Thomas Utter resides in 
Washington Township; was born January 8,1839; married 
to Martha Crose on the 8th of December, 1864. The fallow- 
ing are the names of their children : Olivia and Prior. Mr. 
Utter has a splendid farm on Sugar Creek. 

Samuel Utter, of L'banon, is a son of Abraham Utter, 
also, Mrs. James Taylor is a daughter. ]Mrs. Taylor resides 
in Washington Township, near Hazelrigg Station. See Mr. 
-and Mrs. Utter's portraits in another part of this work. 



25 



;)S() EARLY LIFK AND TIMES IN 



JONES H. WILSON 



AVas born in Bartholomew County, Indiana, May 15, 1835,. 
•and remained a citi;iccn of that county until twelve years ot" 
age; at that period he moved with his parents to Fulton 
County, Indiana. Six years later he moved with them to 
Boone County, His earliest training was in the art of farm- 
ing, and, as he grew older, he adopted that as his vocation. 
He is one who has experienced the hardships and vicissi- 
tudes of pioneer life, having assisted his father in the labor of 
clearing large tracts of land. 

In 1855 he united in marriage with Miss Tillitha Lumpkin, 
who was born in Putnam County, Indiana, in 1838. He 
located on a rented farm of forty acres, in Perry Township; 
where he remained one year; he then removed to the farm 
which he now owns, consisting of one hundred and twenty 
acres. He is the father of ten childr-n, named, respectively: 
Lafayette, jNlary E., William M., Anderson, '\fandana, Alice, 
Ijillie, Zoro O., Mertie, and Hoy, of which the following are 
married : Lafayette, married Miss Rosina Ottinger, October. 
1875; Mary, to Martin Lawler, December, 1877; William, ti^ 
Miss Miranda Ottinger, February, 1882; ]Mandana, to ]Mon- 
roe Edwards, September, 1882; Anderson, to Miss liosa Mc- 
Colley, August, 1883. All of them reside in Perry -Town- 
ship, except Mary, who resides in Hendricks County. The 
three boys, Lafayette, William, and Anderson, are teachers of 
the common schools of our county, and have been for a num- 
of years teaching through the winter season and farming dur- 
ing- the summer. 

Mr. Wilson and wife united with the Christian Church in 
1868, and both are regarded as consistent christians. Since 
that time five of the children have united, and are regarded as 
exemplary citizens in every respect. 

Mr. Wilson's politi(;al views have always been in unison 
with the ])rinciples of tiie Republican party, and although one 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 387 

of its most cordial supporters, he is not a bigoted parti.->an, 
and never sacrificed principle for party. His actions throu<ih- 
out life have been governed by conscientious motives, and he 
is universally esteemed as an honest man wherever he is 
known. 

WILLIAM WEST. 

This name will sound familiar to the people in Boone County. 
He was born in Kentucky on the 9th day of September, 1800. 
He settled in Boone County in 1835, about two miles south of 
where Elizaville now lays, in Clinton Township. He was 
married to ^Ii~s Ella Dixon in 1824, who lived with him until 
August 23, 1870, when she depaned this life. He raised four 
children, as follows: Samuel, born January 29, 1827; Sally, 
born January 29, 1827 ; Ebenezer, born February 29, 1829; 
Margaret Ellen, born October 31, 1841. All are living ex- 
cepting Sally, who died November 23, 1869. Mr. West was 
married again to Mrs. ^lary Jane Johnson, February, 1871. 
He is one of the old Jacksonian Democrats (voted for Jackson 
three times), and has always kept up his faith. He has always 
held farming as his real occupation, and was one of the best 
hunters of his day, but never saw the time that he could kill 
over six deer in one day ; and says that he has seen the day 
when coon, deer and fox skins were as good as legal tender, 
and that was the v/ay he paid his taxes. Mr. West is now- 
arriving at a ripe old age, and has never joined any church, 
but is a constant bible reader, and claims that he can be a good 
man without belonging to any creed or church. 

SOLOMON WARREN, 

One of the pioneers of Boone County, came from Pike County, 
Ohio, in the year 1832 ; married to Mary Lowry. Mr. Lowry, 
her father, was born in North Carolina, April IG, 1804. IMi-s. 
Lowry, her mother, was born in Ohio, November 21, 1809. 



388 EARLY rJFE AND TIMES IN 

Ml'. Warren settled in Washington Township on arriving in 
the county. The foHowing are their children's names: Isnnc, 
born February 7, 1833, married to Rebecca Sanders ; Edwan!, 
born May 26, 1835, married to k?arah Pittenger; Eliza, mar- 
ried to Samuel R. McDaniel, she is deceased, buried at Hope- 
well Cemetery; Susanah, married to Aaron Freestone, also 
deceased and buried at Hopewell; Elihu, died at the age ot' 
twenty-four, also buried at Hopewell; Eliza, died April 21, 
1864, buried at Hopewell ; Rhoda, born December 13, 1845, 
died March 3, 1864 ; w^'ilas, born February 22, 1847, married 
to Jane Hardosty, resides in Washington Township; Nancy, 
born September 23, 1850, resides in Clinton Township. Solo- 
mon Warren and wife were members of the Baptist Church. 
They entered their land at an early day. They are buried at 
Hopewell Cemetery in Clinton Township. Solomon Warren 
died November 7, 1877 ; Mrs. Mary Warren died November 
18, 1870. Edward Warren was the first time married to Har- 
riet E. McDonald, February 16, 1860. She died May 26, 1884. 

JAMES WILLS. 

Mr. Wills resides in Washington Township, a short dis- 
tance east of Pike's crossing, where he owns a fine farm, which 
he delights to cultivate. He was born in Henry County, 
Indiana, January 5, 1826. The son of James Wills, who was 
married to Elizabeth Warren, came to Boone County in 1835. 
His parents are buried at Hopewell Cemetery, in Clinton 
Township. The subject of this article was united in marriage 
to Elizabeth Gip-on, February 23, 1854. The following are the 
names of his children: Jasper N., married to Jane Bennett, 
resides iu Kan.-as; William J., married to Anna Metoalf, 
resides iu Washington Township; John R., Mary E , died at 
the age of fifteen years, buried at Bethel Cemetery in Wash- 
ington Township; Frances M., Charles M., Salista A., Edgar 
A. P., Susau C, Isaac M., Hallie A. and Eddie E. Mrs. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 389 

Wills is the daughter of Isaac Gipson, one of the pioneers of 
Sugar Creek Township. Mr. Wills is a Democrat of the 
Jacksonian type. The last five named reside at home. 



SA]\IUEL WEST, 

A resident of Worth Township, resides two miles north of 
Whitestown, and ono-lialf mile south of the Noblesville gravel 
road. He was born in the state of Kentucky, ]May 29, 1825; 
came with his parents to Boone County in the year 18-34, in 
the month of A])ril. He was married to Susannah Evans, 
September 28, 1845. The f)]lo\ving are his children's names: 
Willis G., married to Mandona Dulin ; resides in Center 
Township. Jonathan E., married to ISIalinda Wiieeler; re- 
side in Marion Township. ]\Iartha J., married to ^lilton O. 
Thompson; the second time to G. W. Shelburn. Rozella, 
married to Mansfield Shelburn. James E., deceased Septem- 
ber 12, 1856; is buried at Mount's Run Cemetery. Sarah 
M., married to John Klingler. Mary E., married to Albert 
Carr. Samuel A., married to ]\rary E. Stark. Susannah, 
married to Josiah Baber ; reside in Center Township. Charles 
J., Albert F., Harvey W. The last three named reside at 
home. Mr. and Mrs. V/est belong to the Baptist Church. 
Mr. West's father resides in Lebanon, aged eighty-six years; 
his mother died in 1870. Mrs. W^est's father's name was Jon- 
athan Evans; died April, 1856; her mother died in 187.3; 
buried at Mount's Run Cemetery, in Union Township. 

CYNTHIA ANN WOODY 

Was the daughter of Zimri and Lydia P. Cook. She was born 
in Wayne County, Ind., the 4th day of December, 1814, and 
was married to Jeremiah MorTitt, the 4th day of January, 1832, 
and with him moved into .Sugar Creek Township, Boone 
County, Ind., the 11th day of August of the same year, and on 



390 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

to the farm upon she now resides, the 15th day of the follow- 
ing November. She has been a continuous resident thereupon 
since. Her husband died in the year 1852, and in 1855 she 
was married to James Woody, whom she survives, still living 
on the old homestead with her daughter and only living child, 
Sarah J. Hadley, wife of Milton Hadley. She is a member of 
the Friends Church, and after having undergone the privations 
and hai'dships of pioneer lifeMs hale and rugged in old age. 
See her portrait on another page. 

JOHN WYSONG 

Was born November 11, 1811, in the old "tar" state of North 
Carolina. His parents' names were John Wysong and Eliza- 
beth Wysong (her name was Parker before marriage). The 
elder Wysong died July 18, 1854, and is buried at Mount's 
Run Cemetery. His wife died in 1856, and is also buried a* 
Mount's Run Cemetery. The subject of this sketch was mar- 
ried to Jane Beaty in North Carolina September 2d, 1836, and 
came to this county in 1839. Mr. Wysong entered part of his 
laud, and where he died June 15, 1886. Mrs. Wysong's 
parents died in North Carolina, her mother dying March 12, 
1837, and her father, January 31, 1855. The following are 
the names of the children of John and Jane Wysong : Eliza- 
beth, married to George B. Dulin; William B., married to 
Lillie dayman ; Lucy, married to John D. Miller; Adolphus, 
married to Miss Ross; John H., married to Angeline 
Hubanks ; Amanda A., married to John E. Brohard. Mrs. 
Wysorig resides on the old farm, seven miles east of Lebanon. 
Mr. and Mrs. Wysong were members of the Reguh^r Baptist 
Church. The above family will be remembered as one of the 
highest respectability. 



BOONE COU.NTY, INDIANA. 391 



WILLIAM YOUNG. 

Amous: the earlv settlers of Jefferson Township was the one 
Avhose name heads this short sketch. Mr. Young was born in 
Hawkins County, Tennessee, in 1790, and was married to 
Jane Rntledge, who was born in "Wythe County, Virginia. 
Mr. Yonng came to Boone County in 1829, settling in Jeifer- 
son Township, where he entered a large tract of land near the 
Montgomery County line. The following year his wife died 
— in 1830. This good woman did not live long enough to see 
the new county developed to any extent. The first few months 
of her life after coming to this county she, with her worthy 
companion, lived in a tent until a rude cabin could be built. 
It took courage to undergo such a life — it required heroism. 
Could she now look out on the beautiful farm of J. V. Young 
(formerly the old homestead) what a change would greet her. 
The fine brick mansion in place of the tent and cabin, the pike 
in place of the trail — yes, there" has been a wonderful change. 
Mrs. Young is buried at the Shannondale Cemetery in Mont- 
gomery County. Mr. Young was the second time married, 
this time to Mary Vannice, in the year 1835. Mr. Young 
died in 18G9, and is also buried at the Shannondale Cemetery. 
John V. and George T. Young are children of the first mar- 
riajje. The former now owns the old farm, which is one of 
the best in the county — splendid buildings, and in the finest 
state of cultivation. George T. resides two miles east; he 
also owns a fine farm. He was elected township trustee in 
April, 1884. William Young, the subject of this sketch, 
served a number of years as trustee of his township. He was 
a brother of the Rev. Clayborn Young, who was also a pioneer 
and it is said organized the first church (Presbyterian) in the 
township. William Young, as well as John V. and George 
T., are Jackson ian Democrats. 



392 EARL-Y LIFE AND TIMES IN 



WILLIAM ZIOX. 

The pioneer -whose uame heads this sketch was among 
the first to come to the city of Lebanon, then a mere cross- 
roads, so to speak. Strong and active, jnst in his early 
manhood, eager for the fray, which he proved, on occasion, 
in after life. He was born in Abington, A^a., January 
1812. He was the son of Jacob Zion and Catharine Zion. 
who were early citizens of Rush County, Ind., coming as early 
as 1828. jVlrs. Catharine Zion died there in the year 1834: i.-^ 
buried at Rushville. Mr. Jacob Zion died in the state of 
Iowa, in the year 1864. They were of German descent. Will- 
iam Zion was married to Amelia Sims, in Rushville, Decem- 
ber 13, 1832. She was the daughter of Stephen and Elizabeth 
Sims, who were also early citizens of Rush County. ]Mrs. 
Elizabeth Sims died at Rushville, March 20, 1834. Mr. Sims 
died in Clinton County, Ind., January 16, 1862. Amelia 
Sims, now Mrs. Amelia Zion, was born in Brookville, Ind., 
May 29, 1814. In 1834 Mr. and Mrs. William Zion came to 
Lebanon, where he at once, as stated above, entered upon the 
scenes of an active life, and from first to last was foremost in 
all the undertakings and im})rovements, not only in Lebanon. 
but throughout the county and state. He soon after arriving 
engaged in the mercantile business in a small way, increasing 
his stock as his business grew up. Later he was at the head 
and front, and for years "Zion's store," on the corner, was a 
household word. Twice did he build up on the old corner; 
first, a large two story frame in 1843, which stood until the 
year 1866, when the present brick building was erected by 
him. He retired from the mercantile business in 1862, when 
other matters engaged his attention. He was an earnest and 
devoted friend and encourager of railroads, and much of hi> 
time and means were devoted to the building of the two roads 
now entering Lebanon. The beautiful little city of Zionsville 
was named in honor of him, as he had done so much in getting 



BOOXE COUNTY, INDIANA. 39S 

the town started, which now is a thriving little city of 1,500 
inhabitants. 

In 18^7 he built the brick house adjoining Lebanon, where 
he lived the remainder of his life, and where the family now 
reside, and where he operated a fine farm for years. When 
Mr. Zion first came he worked at his trade, that of carriage 
making and blacksmithing, and was its first of the kind in 
Lebanon. Mr. Zion was many years ago made a Master Mason 
in Thorntown, and during life was a supporter and member of 
this ancient and lionorable body. He served as county sheriff, 
being elected in the year 1836. In all his relations in life, 
both public and private, he acted well his part; always dis- 
charged his duty with fidelity. In person, Mr. Z. was a large 
man, full six feet high, dark eyes and hair, good features. He 
died March 15, 1880; is buried at the new cemetery, east of 
the city he done so much for, and where a suitable monument 
marks the resting place of one of the pioneers of Booue County. 
We must not forget his wife, who is yet living, a well pre- 
served lady of seventy-four years, whose ])ortrait, as well as 
Mr. Zion's, will be found in another part of this work. Also 
a letter from Mrs. Zion contributed to the Patriot, of this city, 
dated December 20, 1886, which we have been permitted to 
copy in the " Early Life and Times in Boone County." In 
all the relations of life Mrs. Zion has proved a worthy help- 
mate from the cabin down to the present day. Not more 
than three or four persons arc now living in Lebanon when 
Mrs. Zion first came. She has a vivid recollection of all the 
events of the city and county for fifty years; is a fine conver- 
sationalist, and is well informed, especially on pioneer life. 
The publishers of this work are under obligations to her for 
valuable information about Lebanon. 

The following are their children's names : Charlotte F., 
born October 23, 1833; married to L. M. 01ii)hant, Novem- 
ber 12, 1850; she died August 15, 1854. George, born March 
27, 1836; died in infancy.- Elizabeth K., born March 29, 
1836; married to Wm. o'den, June 22,1858; died May 1^ 



;394 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES. 

1868. Pari-isada A., born March 7, 1840; married to Moses 
Hall, of Kentucky, December 2, 1862; reside in Lebanon. 
Mary L., born April 30, 1842; married to Dr. A. O. Miller, 
August 21, 1862; reside in Lebanon. Mr. Miller has served 
as county auditor, served with distinction in the late war, is 
now county health director. Theodore L., was born Au^u-t 
18, 1844 ; w^as married first to Hattie Combs, February IN, 
1868; the second time to Mrs. Wear, of Anderson, Iiid.. 
where he now resides, and is the present (1886) marshal. He 
was also in the late war, 10th Ind. Reg. Eliza A., born 
•July 23, 1846; married to A. Morris, September 1, 1868; re- 
sides in Indianapolis. James M., born September 22, 184^; 
married to Millie Loveless, October 5,1869; reside in San 
Francisco, Cal. Charles M., born September 7, 1854; mar- 
ried to Mary Clemens; reside in Lebanon. Mr. Zion is one 
•of the young attorneys of the bar of this city. William A., 
horn October 25, 1850; married to Elizabeth Buchanan; re- 
-side in the city of Chicago, 111. 



I<.<. 



LETTERS. 



[Following will be found some letters written by Mr. Harden, and which 
aave appeared in the Boone County Pioneer from time to time during 
1885-86— a part of them from Anderson and the remainder from the differ- 
ent townships in the rounty, while he wus canvassing for the " Early Life 
and Times in Boono County." It wa« not the original intention to publish, 
or rather republish, these letters; l)ut there seems a space here for their 
reappearance, which is our apology for their being here placed in the book.] 



A REMARKABLE CRANK WHO VISITED BOONE 
m PIONEER DAYS. 

John D. Hopkiu.s was an occasional visitor at Eagle Vil- 
lage. The first time I ever saw him there was during the 
political campaign of 1844. He was making a speech from 
the store-porch of J. F. Daugherty. He sang several songs, 
also, during the day. He was not at all particular as to the 
kind of a speech he made, or the song he sang, so he got a 
■dime at its conclusion. At the conclusion of one of his songs 
was the following: '' J. D. Hopkins always stops the longest 
where the pot boils the strongest." Who in Central Indiana 
has not heard of him? A poor old man, but for some cause 
might have been useful. Some little screw loose in his make- 
up, some iittle kink in his nature, made him a castaway. 

I never saw him again till the year 1867, when living iji 
Markville, on the Pendleton and Newcastle pike. It was a 
bright morning in June. Looking down the road I saw him, 
hat in hand, breeches rolled up, and a linen duster on his 
manly form, with glowing countenance. I recognized him at 
once. He, without ceremony, jumped upon a carpenter's 



396 EAFwLY LIFE AisD TIMES IN 

bench ou the sidewalk and comnjenced a speech. He had a 
book that he said he would soon publish to the world, givinrr 
his life. He said that the speech he was then delivering 
would be in it. He quit as abruptly as he had begun, leaped 
down and was about to start when my wife called to me to 
come to dinner. He was just then passing me. I asked him 
to go O'ith me to dinner. He readily accepted, ate very 
heartily, and talked vehemently all the time. He had book 
on the brain badly. When he had finished eating he gathered 
his big summer hat, never said a word, went to the front fence, 
put one hand on the top rail, leaped over like a boy of sixteen, 
though he could have opened a gate and went out as well. He 
went on toward Newcastle, in the middle of the road. This 
was the last time I ever saw him. While getting material lor 
the historjT of Hancock County in 1S81, fourteen miles east of 
Indiana[)olis I struck a place where he lived or sojourned for 
several years. The place of his little rude 8x10 cabin was 
pointed out by William Smith, an old citizen who knew him 
well, and told of him carrying a stove from Richmond to put 
in it. Here he lived the life of a hermit, composed and sang 
his songs ; here he was in love with a Miss Craig, whom he 
loved to distraction. I called to see her in 1881. She had a 
vivid recollection of him, told of his actions and his songs; 
also of the little cabin not far from her father's house. on Buck 
Creek. He was then what we now call a "crank." His 
whole life was like a stormy sea, ever chasing the imaginary, 
but never getting to it. He is in all probability long since 
dead. The stormy sea carried the little craft safe-housed on a 
shore that ha^ no storms, and where the weary soul is forever 
at rest. 



BOOXE COUNTY, INDIANA. o97 

REMINISCENCES OF EAGLE VILLAGE FORTY 
YEARS AGO. 

CRAZY JOE ABRAHAMS, LUKE MILLER, GEORGE ASTON AND 
OTHER NOTABLES OF BYGONE DAYS. 

Joseph Abrahams was a frequent visitor during his life, and 
when not in possession of his right mind he was a terror to 
many, as he had the strength of two men. Especially was he 
a terror to boys and women. When he came at night it was 
a signal for 'Mights out," or if in the daytime for "blinds 
down." When he would come into the store the small boy 
would have business some place else. He would shake hands 
with persons across a hot stove, and invariably dab their hand 
on the stove. One day the sound of horses' hoofs were heard 
in the distance, when Abrahams was in hot pursuit of his son, 
both on horseback. Joseph had a long gad with which he w"a3 
lashing young Abrahams' horse at every jump. Late one 
night he was passing father's house, singing. I was fearful he 
would stop, but he only came to the gate, placing a stone on 
each post, saying when father and mother died to put them at 
their graves, and went on his way rejoicing. I felt relieved 
as his retreating voice told he was going. He was not always 
crazy, but at times quite easily handled ; had nothing to say 
when himself, but a real terror when cranky. He died many 
years ago. Some who read this will call to mind " Crazy Joe 
Abrahams." 

Luke ^liller was another terror when drinking. There was 
no harm about him. He was for fun, and his weakness was 
for children, but the childr-'r-n did not have any relish for such 
fun. He would take after them and then the fun would set in. 
He would have the whole town in an uproar before he left. 
Those who did not hide he would have crying, and mothers 
inuil, when Luke would apologize, say he was just in fun, and 
Would not hurt them for the world. It took the kids a long 
•time to find that out. I w^as at Uncle Luke's ffrave on Ea2:le 



398 EARLY LIFE AXD TIMES IX 

Creek a short time ago. Aside from a little too much " tea "■ 
at times, he was, in many respects, a good man. 

George Aston's visits to the village were the signal for fun. 
He had a black horse called George that was well trained ami 
a' valnable beast. Aston would get the horse in the middle ol 
the street, and at full speed run alongside of him and all at 
once jump upon him, circus style. This he would do for hours. 
The street would be lined with viewers on both sides. This 
usually was on Saturdays, when the village was full of persons. 
George was also a big man and a bully, would fight and growl 
with any one, until at last he met his match in the person o\ 
Norris Carr, who whipped him, and after that he was easily 
whipped. He is living yet, eight miles north of Indianapolis. 
At the time 1 write of he lived four miles south of Eagle Vil- 
lage on the Michigan road, and kept tavern — not like the man 
in Illinois, but a real tavern. I was almost afi'aid to pass hi- 
house when a boy, for he had a peculiar hankering for boys, 
as well as Luke Miller. Well, there were some others win* 
came periodically and were in the habit of kicking up a rackety 
such as Sam and Lewis Jones, Johnny Sargeant — he was a 
harmless old man who would get drunk every time he came 
and that was quite often. In ray next I will tell you abciii 
the pioneer preachers of that day in and about Eagle Vilk'g' - 



AN OLD RESIDENT'S RECOLLECTIONS OF EAGLE 
VILLAGE FORTY YEARS AGO. 

ITS EARLY MUSICIANS A BEAR FIGHT — OLIPHANT's EAGJ-I". 

PUNISHING A WIFE BEATER. 

When in your city on the 4th inst., I saw John Lowe, who, 
with his brother George, were the musicians at a school exhi- 
bition in 1842. I thought it the {Inest music I had evrr 
heard, and so it was, for it was the first. It was at the ch'-r 
of a school taught by W. S. Beaty. The village was then at 
its zenith, and the exhibition was a decided success. The 



/ BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 390' 

declamations were fine. I had one myself that I have never 
heen able to come up to since. It was something like this:. 
"You would scarce expect one of my a_^e/' etc., at seven years 
of age; I can't beat it now at fifty-three. 

The bear fight at Dye's mill, in 1846, was one of the big 
things of that day. Some of the Dye boys had captured two 
cub bears in the reserve near Kokomo, brought them home, 
kept them until they were perhaps eighteen months old, when 
it was given out that they were going to have a shooting 
match, bear fight, dog fight, etc., at the mill, in the fall of 
1846, I think it was. The time came, and with it came a large 
crowd for that time. Perhaps two or three thousand persons 
were present. The best dogs were on hand, eager for the fray. 
Also the best marksmen, with their rifles in the best possible 
trim. After the bears cleaned out all the dogs, the shooting 
commenced, which re-nlted in several getting a slice. George 
Craft, who kept the hotel at the village at that time, and with 
whom I was hoarding, brought home a piece and iiad it cooked 
up in fine style for his guests. It was like the music — the 
best to me, for it was the first and last I ever ate. There were 
several fights at (hat match, and whisky flowed freely. I 
doubt, however, if a meeting could be had now, everything 
considered, which would be more creditable to the neighbor- 
hood than the one referred to. It brought together many hard 
cases from all |)arts of the county. 

In 1844, L. M. Oliphant, now of Jamestown, in Boone 
County, and Alexander Miller captured a bald eagle near tlie 
village. Mr. Oliphant shot and crippled it slightly, when it 
was caged and taken to the battle ground, near Lafayette. I 
saw if when in the cage on the eve of its going. It cut a 
swath eight feet when on the wing, and was one of the finest 
of its species ever caught in the county. When at the battle 
ground it was the object of attention. Reared up in the air 
on a box, it would make one swoop at a chicken and there 
would be nothing left. The boys were offered fabulous prices 



400 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

for it but refused, and brought it back to the village again, 
where it died soon after. Too much chicken, I suppose. 

One of the most laughable scenes I call to mind, was on 
the occasion when it was said one James Armstrong had 
'whipped his wife, not only once but on divers occasions. The 
villagers got tired of this, and one evening went in a body to 
where James was at work and wanted to know tiic cause why. 
He was at work at the okl "ashery/' buying or making sal- 
-aratus, and when about entering the building he drew out the 
long, retl-hot iron used to stir up things with and said : '"Stand 
back! Stand back, gentlemen ! " Most of us considered we 
had got altnost close enough to James. His wife, about this 
time, appeared on the ground, and, woman-like, entered an 
-excuse for James; said he was a good, kind husband, and, in 
fact, he had not wliipped her as per report. The iron having 
-cooled off by this time, as well as the general spii'it that led us 
forth, one Frank Imbler, as good a man as ever lived, went 
forward and he and James had a little set-to, Frank coming 
out on top. James promised not to whip her any more, the 
crowd disappeared, and this was the last of wife whipping, 
and the first I ever heard of in Eagle Village. 

EAGLE VILLAGE AND SOME OF ITS POPULA- 
TION FORTY YEARS AGO. 

SAMUEL HARDEN WRITES OF THE MERCHANTS AND DOCTORS 
OF THAT DAY. 

As I write the word '' pioneer," my mind goes back to my 
boyhood days, when a citizen of your county, at a point now 
only known in history, then a town of some five or six hun- 
dred souls. I refer to Eagle Village. JVfy recollections go 
back to about 1840. Others living more in your county 
recollect further back, and were indeed pioufers, most of wlmni 
arc now dead. As we see and recollect incidents from dilU'r- 
ent standpoints, I hope to be able to say something that \vill 
interest a few, at least, of your many reudi-rs. Tlie early mer- 



*^.. 










i;^:^^ 




i^Bv 



J 



HARVY MARIOX LA FOLLETTE. 



BOONE COIISIY, INDIANA. 401 

-chants were James M. Lariraore, Reuben Price and J. F. 
Daugherty & Co. Mr. Lurimore was a born merchant, and 
one of the finest looking men in his day. He dressed to i)er- 
fection and was very jxtpular. He was the sou of Polly Lar- 
iinore, so long and well known as tlie proprietress of the 
Eagle A^illage hotel. James died in 1849, scarcely in the 
-prime of life, of consumption, and in the spring. He wanted 
to .live, and a few hours before he died lie called for his boots, 
put one on, and gave up to die. He is buried at the cemetery 
at Eagle Village. He was never married, and I think was 
4ibout twentv-eight vears of age at his death. 

J. F, Daugherty now lives, or did a short time ago, at 
Indianapolis. He was a good salesman and had the confidence 
of the }jeople. He was for many years captain of the Eagle 
Village Light Infantry, so popular at the time I write. 

Reuben Piice came from Clarkstown to tiie village about 
the year 1844. His whereabouts I do not know. 

My father, Joiin Harden, constituted the *' Co." of J. F. 
Daugherty. He was well known to many of your citizens. 
He was born in Irehmd in 1S02, and is sleeping at the beauti- 
ful little cemetery at Zionsviile, near where he lived the best 
part of his life. He died in 1879. 

A word about the doctors of that day. Dr. S. W. Rod- 
man came as early as 1845, and here made his start in his pro- 
fession. He was married to Martha Rose about the year 1847. 
He now lives in Washington Territory. Samuel Duzan was 
•a young man, and was about to begin the practice in which he 
was so well qualified, when he was taken sick and diid. He 
was a fine looking man, six feet high, of commanding aj)|)oar- 
aiice. -He was pirhaps twenty-five years of age at his death. 

Jerry Larimore — what shall I say in memory of ])oor 
Ji'rry? In many respects a splendid man, and at one time 
commanded a large practic'; was in tiie saddle almo-t day and 
night. Ho went to California in 1849; returned .some three 
years later. Many of your people know his sad fate. I 
26 



402 EAKLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

believe he is buried at Whitestcwn, your county. He Nvas 
married in 1845 or 1846. 

Dr. George Gaston swung out his shingle here in 18-14. 
Did not stay h:)ng. He was then young — just entering a long 
life, for he is yet living at Indianapolis. He was a fine look- 
ing man all through life, and now, with almost snow-white 
hair, is manly in form. He also went to California. I saw 
him there in the Sacramento postoflfice in 1852. 

H. G, Larimore, father of Jerry, was old th;' first time I 
ever saw him. He never was a handsome man. He came to 
the village early — perhaps in 1830. He was a very excitable 
man. He could pray, preach or swear, as the case required, 
and would fight rather than be called a coward. He came 
from Fayette County, Indiana, with others of the Larimore 
familv. He died some twenty-five years ago. Was married 
four times. 



THE PREACHERS OF EAGLE VILLAGE FORTY 

YEARS AGO. 

I attended a revival meeting not long ago in this county, 
when a young woman arose in a speaking session and said: 
"I do not recollect the time when my parents' home was not 
' the home of the preachers ; when there was no altar there." 
This is true with many of us. It is certainly true with me, 
and I early formed a good opinion of preachers. I loved to 
see them come, for preaching at the time of which I write, did 
not occur every Sunday, by any means, and when it was given 
out- that there would be meeting at the house of a neighbor, it 
was the signal for an outpouring of the people. Y'es, I have 
a good opinion of preachers in general, though there is one 
occasionally turns up to disgrace his calling. I can t 
help thinking that of tho:;e of whom I write about to-dny. 
and who have gone to their reward, were good men and are 
enjovinir the repose of the land of the blest. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 403 

Thomas Lockhart was one of the first preachers I evov 
saw. This was about the year 1840. He came once a raonrh i') 
hold mcetinp;. He was always well received, and considering 
the sparse settlement, had good attendance. He was then in 
his prime, and an earnest worker. I read recently of his 
death at some town in Hendricks County, at the age of ninety- 
two years. What a grand life he spent ! What a grand crown 
he must wear ! Don't say ail the preachers are bad men. ]Mr. 
L. was a Christian preacher. 

Hugh Wells, that grand old man, for he is yet living, or 
was recently, often preached at our house and in the vicinity. 
He lived at that time, back in the forties, near Augusta. He 
was formerly a Methodist, but late in life joined and labored for 
the Lutheran Church. He was not a finely educated man, but 
thoroughly in earnest and commanded the respect and esteem 
of all. He was a fine looking man in persoii, with a gleaming 
countenance when thoroughly lit up with the fire of a zealous 
worker, as he was. 

D. F. Straight was sent to the Augusta circuit about the 
year 1842. He was then a young man ; liad not been preach- 
ing long. He is yet living, and has nearly got back to wliere 
he was preaching forty-three years ago — not far from Alli-on- 
ville. He must now be near seventy-five years of age. AVhat 
throngs of peo})le he has spoken to ! What numbers he has 
warned to flee from the wrath to come, and what a vast mul- 
titude has gone on before that has listened to him in years 
past. 

James McCoy, a Presbyterian preacher, (;ame to the village 
in 1844. He was a polished man, a born preacher and fine 
singer. ' He was very popular for years. If living, he must 
be eighty years of age, for he was at his best at the time spoken 
of, of medium size and always went w^ell dres-ed. I do n^t 
know where he went after leaving the village ; in all probabil- 
ity he has gone to the goodly land. One of the ablest ser- 
mons ever preached at the Augusta camp meeting was preached 
by him. This, too, when such men as W. 11. Good, Jo.-i.ph 



404 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

Miirsee, J. H. Hull, Augustus Eddie and others preached in 
their best days. All have preached at Eagle Village. 

Madison Hume, a Baptist preacher, lived eight miles north 
of Indianapolis. He was an occasional visitor at the village, 
and none were more welcome than he — a noble man and a 
good speaker. He labored and built up the Crooked Creek 
Church near his home, where he was loved and respected for 
his work. His brother v»as at my house two years ago, and 
said Madison died at Indianapolis ten or twelve years ago and 
was buried at Crown Hill Cemetery. Will not some keep his 
grave green ? 

R. H. Calvert, I think, succeeded Straight on the Augusta 
circuit in 1844. He was a thorough Methodist and had some 
fight about him — that is, in a war of words He was quite 
able in debate or fireside argument, which was his delight. 
Father had made arrangements for a talk or chat between hira 
and Matt Council at our house in 1844. Council was a Camp- 
bellite, or Christian preacher of some note, and was also a 
''fighter." The lime came and both were on hand, eager for 
the fray. Father introduced them, when the fun began, and 
lasted till very late. This was the first debate I was ever at, 
and perhaps the first in or near the village. jNIr. Council has 
been dead many years. Calvert's whereabouts I do not know 
anything about. In all probability he is dead. If living, he 
is near eighty years of age. 

Among other local preachers of that day were William 
Gauge, Joseph Lanuer, Joshua AVright, George Bowman, 
George Duzan, Mr. Sims, Wm. Patterson, Matt Couucil, Mr. 
Dod«on and George ^Morgan. 

SAMUEL HARDEN'S RECOLLECTIOXS OF AN 
EARLY VISIT TO LEBANON. 

The first time I visited I^ebanon was in the spring of 184/, 
during the session of the circuit court. It was abo the first 
court I was ever in. Judge Peaslev was on the bench, witli 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 405 

Samuel Cason and Nash Pitzer as associates. The little, old- 
fashioned court house looked big to me, and the lawyers, it 
seemed, were superior beings. Among them were Hiram 
Brown, Hugh O'Neal, Abraham A. Hammond, William 
Q,Liarles, of Indianapolis, L. C. Daugherty, W. B. Beach, S. 
S. Strong, Mr. Hamilton, Joseph Hockett and others, of Leb- 
anon. It was a very muddy time and the streets were in a 
terrible plight. There were no walks, either plank or gravel, 
but I was raised in the mud and did not expect anything bet- 
ter. The town looked large to me, for it was about the largest 
one I was ever in up to that time. There was a sign on the 
north side of the square I call to mind. I think it was in 
front of a hatter's shop. It was a coon and a hat. A man 
by the name of Olive, I think, made hats for the natives there 
in an early day. Wm. Zion was then in business on the cor- 
ner of the two main streets. A. H. Shepard kept tavern, and 
a good one for the times. It was known far and wide as 
"Shep's." There was a young man from Jamestown that 
spring, asking to be admitted to the bar. His name I do not 
recall. He was the butt-end of all the jokes of the season. 
He was a big, two-fisted, good-natured fellow. Judging from 
surroundings, he would have made a better "Jehu" than a 
disciple of Blackstone. But we can't always sometimes tell 
how a man will turn out. 

When in \our city last July, I thought of the ones referred 
to above. All, or nearly all, are dead now. The muddy strerts 
present a different appearance. The old court house is gone. 
Time has brought changes. The sparkling, light eyes <»t 
Quarles are closed forever. The powerful voice of Brown is 
hushed. The quick retort of O'Neal is indulged in no more, 
and the pleasant smile of Daugherty has passed away forever. 
Judge Peasly has been summoned to a higher bai', where a 
Judge that knows no erring is presiding, and where no appeals 
are taken. 



40(j EAELY LIBK AND TIMES IN 

JACKSON TOWNSHIP. 

THK ODD FELI-OWS' PICNIC AND OTHER MATTERS AS SEEN 
BY MR. S. HARDEN. 

The Odd Fellows' picuic here on last Thursday was one of 
the best I ever attended. First, the day was all that could be 
desired — no dust, and in the beautiful grove of AVilliam Heck- 
athorn it was deliorhtful. The people came, and I judge nearly 
three thousand persons were present, all well behaved and well 
dressed. Never was there better order at any out-door meet- 
ing than at this. The committee was successful in procuring 
good speakers. Hon. Will Cumback spoke in the forenoon, 
and it was one of his best efforts, too. He was listened to 
with close attention while he spoke the golden words of truth. 
Dinner was then in order, and, oh, such a repast as was spread 
out on the hillside on the snow-white tablecloths, covered 
v^'ith the grandest dinner one could imagine. An hour or two 
was spent in feasting and general social greetings, after which 
B. F. Foster spoke for about an hour. It was a rare treat to 
listen to two such speakers on such an occasion. Rev. Atkins, 
of New Ross, spoke fifteen minutes, and acquitted himself 
well. The Lebanon juvenile band was on hand, and rendered 
sr>me orood music, as it alwavs does. The vocal music, by the 
Jamestown choir, was good. It was a gala day for Jamestown 
and Odd Fellowship — a day well s{>ent. 

To canvass a conmumity when there are seven threshing 
machines at work, besides the making of hay, cutting oats, 
and other -work going on at the same time, is not a very de- 
sirable job, especially when the thermometer is in the nineties. 
Among the older citizens called on during the f»ast week were 
Elijah Jackson, Bart Miller, G. W. Shockley, Peter Deweese, 
J. H. Kibbey, Milton Young, W. H. Coombs, and J. y^- 
Sandy. All are interested in the early history of Bo(n)C. 
Among the younger men called on were J. M. Ashley, Thos. 
Ashley, J. M. Einmert, Stephen D. Emmert, Ephraim Kibbey, 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 407 

D. H. Slioekley and W. H. A-rhley, all very intelligent young 
men, a majority of whom are teachers. "W. H. Ashley and 
Ephraim Kibbey are candidates on the National county ticket. 
Should they l)e elected they will fill rlie offices with credit to 
themselves and their constituency. 

The finest grove of timber to be seen anywhere is on the 
farm of Mrs. Ashley, two and one-half miles northeast of 
Jamestown, and in sight of the L4)auon road. But one has 
to be in it to behold its beauties — one hundred and forty pop- 
lars and as many oaks standing on eight or ten acres. It is a 
great sight now, and would in time to come, if preserved, be- 
come more so. It is worth thousands of dollars, but it would 
be almost a sin to cut down those monarchs of the forest, tow- 
ering over their surroundings. While 4ooking at those grand 
old trees I thouglit of tiie lines: 

" Wooilman, sjiare that tree," etc. 

I am told that much of the land in Jackson was originally 
covered with the choicest walnut, poplar and oak timber. I 
saw a poplar stump on the land of W. H. Coombs that meas- 
ured nine feet through. Some who read this may have seen 
the tree when it was standing. But those grand old trees, like 
the first settlers, are only found here and there, and will soon 
be known only in history; and as we measure the stumps of 
trees, their names will be measured by the good they have 
done. 

One of the finest farming communities to be found ajiy- 
wiiere is located around Old Union Church. With its splen- 
di<l growing corn and already harvested wheat fields it is a 
grand sight to take in the church and one of the finest located 
cemeteries to be found in the county. It is to be hoped that 
when the pike is made, in place of going through it may be 
made around on the north side and give all' this hill to the use 
of the cemetery, as the road now passes through or near the 
center of the hill. It is none of my business, but to a stranger 
it looks like this would be about the right step. 



408 - EAT^LY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

The people of Jackson should be, and I think are, a happ\v 
contented people, ^vith good farms and houses, and plenty on 
every hand, with good roads and prospects of getting better 
all the time. It certainly is a desirable place to live. My 
short stay Nvith the people here has, on my part, been pleasant. 
In the future I hope to call u]) many kind faces and incidents 
that naturally came up while canvassing Jackson Township. 

THE GARDEN SPOT OF BOOXE. 

After having been over Jackson Township in the interest 
'of my work, "Early Life and Times in Boone County," and 
being liberally patronized, I wi^h, in a general Avay, to thank 
those who so kindly and well have assisted in the work. Forty 
years ago I heard Dr. Rodman, formerly of Eagle Village, 
now of Oregon, say Jamestown was the garden spot of Boone 
County. It was many years after that when I first saw this 
part of the county, and not until quite recently was 1 at all 
acquainted with the people or township. All strangers must 
be forcibly impressed with Jackson Township, who have been 
over any considerable portion as I have been. My feet have 
become' somewhat flimiliar with the roads and by-paths, us 
houses, streams, churches, cemeteries and citizens. I have no 
desire to dispute what Dr. Rodman said. 

Among the persons called upon were: Aramon Heady, 
Simon Emmert, Peter Deweese, Wm. Reese, J. M. Nicely, Dr. 
Burk, Johnson Heath, Sol. Searing, J. M. Shelley, J. ^I" 
Martin, AVilliam Nicely. Wash. Emmert, W. II. Coombs, J. 
H. Kibbey, Elijah Jackson, Wash. Shockley, W. C. Crump, 
W. H. Hostetter, and others. 

To all the above and others I am under lasting obligations. 

In after life it will be a pleasure to call up tho«e with whom I 

. have become acquainted in Jackson Township. Its cosy 

homes, rolling hills, pleasant valleys and the grandest forest 

(Mrs. Ashley's) I have ever seen in any county. Although 1 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 409 

saw many of your citizens under unfavorable surroundings^ 
harvesting and threshing, I have usually found them gentle- 
men. I can call up no one -who in the slightest way turned 
the cold shoulder. Should this continue throughout the 
county I will never regret having undertaken to write its early 
history. I found as a rule good farming, as the threshing 
now going on attests, corn well tended, and in fact everything 
denotins: ^ood husbandrv. As a ladv remarked to me recent- 
ly, and one who had traveled extensively, that any one who 
could not make a living here could not any place. This state 
of things I hope may long continue to the people of your 
township, and the bountiful harvest just being gathered may 
never be less. 

ON THE WING. 

MR. HARDEN RESUMES HIS WORK IN HARRIfcON TOWNSIIIl'^ 

There is in this locality two things that strikes one favor- 
ably ; the vast prairies and good school houses, and, i might 
say, its many churches. No township of its size has so many 
houses of worship — seven, if I count right. I was lucky in 
finding such a good place to stop as George W. Scotts' and 
his pleasant family, who so kindly entertained me under 
unfavorable circumstances (the wheat threshers being here at 
the time), George is one of the old settlers in Harrison. I 
called on Flemming Dickerson in the southeast corner. He 
has been here nearly fifty years; is well informed in pioneer 
matters; is seventy-five years of age, and is keeping up 
remarkably well. I am thankful to R. B. Zimmerman and 
wife for a good dinner. They have a splendid brick house, 
good farm, and live at home. They know how to act when a 
stranger enters their home. In this locality I found two old 
Mexican soldiers — J. L. Smith and J. W. Letcher, Ix^th well 
informed men, looking over the hill, tlie slope of which, let 
us hope, leads to a better place. 

Near the west line I found the Worly boys, who are very 



410 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

intelligent gentlemen. They are iutereslefl in the pioneer 
life of Boone. AYilliam Higgins is well located here. He 
has fine builflings, is among the best farmers, and his wife, as 
well as Mrs. Zimmerman, are the daughters of Daniel Stoner. 
of Hendricks County, and who at one time owned nearly 
1 000 acres of land in Harrison Township, and yet, I think. 
owns some land here. Seth Goodwin is one of the old ciii- 
^ens here. I believe I spoke of him and Daniel Turner in a 
former letter. Don't fail to see them when in Harrison. 
There are many tasteful residences here, among them those '>r 
James B. Shirley, Zimmerman, Higgins, AYilliam Lindsay, 
Oeorge Shirley and William Black. Isaac Smith keeps the 
store and post'office at New Brunswick. "W. H. Grouse is the 
wagon maker. He is one of the pioneers, and is in my respect 
a thorough gentleman. In a former letter I mentioned 'Squire 
Johnson, 'Squire Boyd, and the Dinsmores. 

The wheat harvest just threshed is fine, and will average 
some twenty bushels to the acre. The corn looks well, but is 
certainly cut short on account of the drouth. The county 
ticket recently nominated gives good satisfaction here among 
the Democrats. George W. Scott, I think, will carry his 
party straight in full, as he is well liked. 

I passed the spot where the Logan cabin stood in early 
times. It was among the first in Harrison Township, and 
was opposite where 'Squire Acton now lives. It was then a 
dreary looking place— fifty years ago. Mrs. Logan, after 
stopping a short time in this pioneer cabin, went ro visit her 
folks in an old county, and never returned to Boone again. 
Harrison will contribute its part to the early times in Boone. 
iind ils citizens have given me a very generous support in sub- 
.«criptions and other matters, looking to the publication of the 
work. There is one thing abinit Harrison I do not like, that 
is its rattlesnakes, or its reported ones. One man said seven 
were killed in one oat field. I dreamed of snakes when 
<3own there, but did not see any. I went too fast across the 
prairie. 



BOONE C(>UNT\', INDIANA. 411 

SAMUEL HARDEX'S OBSERVATIONS 

M'HILE CANVASSING WORTH TOWNSHIP FOR HIS FORTH- 
COMING BOOK. 

A year ago when I thought of writing up the early life 
and times of Boone. I thought when in this township it would 
be a pleasure to call on 'Squire Lucas, at whose house I staid 
all night forty-two years ago. But I learned of his death, 
which occurred in Putnam County a few months since. Henry 
Fairchild is another old friend, who is yet living but not here. 
Revs. Good, Rudasill and Henkle were among the early 
preachers of this township, all of whom I have heard speak. 
All are now dead. Forty-two years has brought changes not 
a few — some of a sorrowful nature; others quite the reverse. 
Beautiful farms are now where then an almost unbroken wil- 
derness existed. On inquiring I learned that most of the 
iirst settlers are either dead or moved away. Some of the 
Neeses, Ben Booher, Solomon Burk, the Laughncrs, Isen- 
hoiirs and Dulins are found, North of ^yhitestown you will 
tind G. B. Dulin and Samuel West, who have been here a long 
time. They are well located on the pike. A night at each 
place was pleasantly spent. West, A. M. Laugh ner, Jacob 
Ottinger, Lewis Hauser, Isaac Isenhour, Andrew Laughner 
reside here. I am under special obligations to Isaac Isenhour 
and family for kindness while at their house; also to Jacob 
Ottinger. A. M. Laughner has a fine locatioiv on the railroad, 
and it is said that near his house is the highest point on the 
road between Indianapolis and the lakes. South, about two 
miles, you will find George Hauser, ex-county clerk. He 
lives at home, and has a fine farm. Thanks to him for favors. 
A. Neese, one mile south, is well located, has been here some 
forty years. Opposite is Ben Booher, one of the old pioneers. 
He has a large farm and splendid house. 

Dr. Hardy, in town, has a good practice. He has come to 
«tay. H. Roberts keeps the hotel. He was a soldier in the 



412 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

late war. Rev. Barb is the pastor of the Lutheran Churr-h 
at Whitestown. The school house here is all that is required, 
and children are all well dressed, and flocking to this as Avell 
other schools in the township. Samuel Good, the trustee, has 
everything in good shape for the winter campaign. F. M. 
Moody is here attending- the "click" of the telegraph, and 
other duties of the station. I find The Pioneer on many tables 
throughout. One man told me he could hardly keep house 
without it. All of the above take interest in our vv-ork, and 
to one and all I am thankful for favors. 

While here I learned of the nomination of my old friend, 
B. F. Ham, for congress. Thirty years ago I first got 
acquainted with him in ]Nradison County — met him in his 
cabin home, and later in the better hou.se, and yet later in his 
brick mansion ; all the time the same gentleman, hospitable 
almost to a fault. Ben is well qualified for the place; well 
posted on state and national matters; a friend to the people 
and an enemy to monopolists. Should he be elected he will 
represent the people well. May write you again from Worth. 

OLD SETTLER'S DAY. 

WHAT MR. HARDIN HAS TO SAY OF THE MEETING AT JAMES- 

TtAV'N. 

The annual meeting of old settlers was held here Thursday 
last. Jamestown has been fortunate the past summer in hav- 
ing fine weather for its celebrations. If a day had been 
ordered for the above meeting a better one could not have 
beea obtained, no mud nor dust, not too hot nor too cold, but 
everything combined to make the meeting a success. It was 
held in the beautiful grove of Anderson Trotter, adjoining 
town. Nature has done much here in her gift of beautv. It 
seems it was especially fitted up for meetings of this kind. 
Plenty of shade and water. It siiould be kept as a yearly re- 
sort for the old people of Boone, Hendricks and Montgomery 



■ BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 413 

-couuties, to meet and rehearse the old, old stories of bygone 
days. At about 10 a. m. the meetino; "was called to order by 
the president, Daudridge Tucker. Prayer by D. W. Jessie. 

Upon the stage were the following aged persons: George 
Threldkeld, Madison Erskin, Dr. Burk, Samuel Penry, James 
Evans, Mr. Strickland, William Elder, Mrs. Caldwell, Mrs. 
Ragsdale, Mrs. ^yhiteman, Mr. and Mrs. William Nicely, 
Elijah Day, Wra. Williamson, Wesley Peck, George Snider, 
William Sellors, Dr. Orear, John Edwards, Henry Airhart 
and Edward Chambers. 

After some good music bv the Jamestown band the follow- 
ing spoke, occupying from ten to fifteen minutes each, compar- 
ing the past with the present of early times, hardships en- 
dured, toils passed by. Some of the speakers were quite old, 
bent with age, yet there was noticeable a flash of youth of the 
eye as they referred to matters fifty and sixty years ago. They 
were listened to with great attention throughout. First, Will- 
iam Elder, Christoph Walkup, J. H. Davis, Dr. Porter, Rev. 
Lawhon, John Edwards, Noah Chitwood, Mr, Peck and 
others. 

Some old-time relics were shown, such as books, Indian 
trinkets, from the field of Custer's defeat, etc. The meeting 
throughout was of deep interest, to all. It was noticeable that 
the greetings were of that earnest kind that we hope will con- 
tinue to take place here annually for time to come. Keep 
them up; don't let the old fires of fathers go out; keep alive 
the deeds they did in the morning of our now grand day. 

I noticed on the ground the fi)llowing candidates: Dr. 
Porter, W. C. Crump, Xat. Titus, J. S. LaFollette, Mike 
Iveefe, C. M. Wvnkoop, J. S. Harrison, J. II. Kelly, Jacob 
Miller, T.J. McCann, Dr. Reagan, F. M. Moody and John 
Huber, the "Flying Dutchman," who was at home, and well 
■did he come to the front in setting a splendid table, }>resided 
over by his estimable wifi, and this table gathered not only 
Democrats, but ilepublicans and Grcenbackers, all in the best 
of humor, plenty ior all and as free as the air. 



414 EAUi.Y LIFE AND TIMES IN 

After the speaking the following officers were elected for 
the uext year: Prosident, Dr. George L. Burk ; vice-presi- 
dents, Christopher ^Yalkup, S. Davidson and George Wren ; 
secretary, Isaac Palmer. After the conclusion of the ceremo- 
'■nies the people were loth to quit the ground, lingering to 
shake hands and say good by. About 1,000 persons wn-e 
present, all well dressed, and the best order prevailed. 



JEFFERSON TOWNSHIP. 

MR. HARDEN COXTINUES PUS WORK IX THE LAXD OF OLD 

PEOPLE. 

Sampson Bowen, one of the pioneers of Jefferson, you will 
find one mile southeast of Dover, pleasantly located ; is a good 
talker, well posted on early life in Boone County. Mrs. B. is 
a sister of Dr. Burk, of Jamestown, and daughter of the late 
Samuel Burk, of this township, I was kindly cared for at 
their hospitable home. 

Samuel Hollingsworth, living in the north part of the 
township, has been here a long time. He and his aged com- 
panion are enjoying the repose of life after having battled with 
the early life in Jefferson, 

Mrs. Cain, a lady of some seventy years, is living with her 
son William, just south of Hazelrigg Station. She has been 
citizen here fifty years. Her husband has been dead a few- 
years. 

Mrs. Harris, another pioneer lady, just north, has been 
here over fifty years, and is well informed in the early events 
of the locality. 

Manuel Heistand, one of the early settlers of Jefferson, ira-; 
been here forty-two years. He has a good farm and enjoys 
life ; is one of those clever geutlomeu you meet only occa- 
sionally. 

Van Riggins, who was recently hurt by falling off of a 



BDONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 415 

wagon, has one of the finest locations in the county, splendid 
orchard and everything denoting thrift. 

J. F. Ilouth, just north, has a fine house, good farm, and is 
a o:ood farmer. He was in the kite M'ar. 

South you will find Sylvester Reveal. He came from 
Hamilton County a few years ago, settled in the \voods, and 
has forty acres of tip-top land. 

Adjoining is James McDuffy, a retired sciiool teacher, 
quietly farming. He reads The Pioneer, and is posted on 
things in general. 

John Kramer, eighty years of age, lives near the Mount 
Zion Church. Pie lives with his two interesting grand- 
daughters. 

Mount Zion Church, one of the landmarks, is being torn 
down and will be replaced with a more modern structure. 

George Farlow, of Dover, another octogenarian, to use his 
own expression, has been through the Hint mill. His wife is 
also a sister of Dr. Burk. 

"Wash Irwin, just west, is living on the old homestead 
where his father lived many years, but now lives in Dover. 
The two old men, Mr. Farlow and Mr. Irwin, are highly re- 
spected in and about Dover. 

Mrs. Jackson, north of Dover, has been here fifty-three 
years. Her husband died a few years ago. He was at one 
time county commissioner of the county. 

AV. \Y. Hollingsworth, near Hazelrigg Station, is a chn-er 
gentleman-. He takes an interest, as well as all the above, in 
"Early Life and Times in Boone." 

John Hysong, near the Washington Township line, is well 
located -near the railroad. He was also a good soldier — I 
think in the IGth Regiment. 

AY. W. Trout, just in the e^ga of Washington, living on 
the old Hazelrigg flirm, is just the place to stop, from the fact 
the bill is paid. He was blowing up stumps on his well- 
cultivated farm. 

West on the township line you will find Riley Taylor, one 



416 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

of the best farmers in the county. He is as fine a conversa- 
tionalist as one will find. Near his house is the cemetery, and 
^vhe^e some of his family are buried, and where you will find 
some of the finest monuments in the county. 
'• The store at the station, kept by Mr. S. Klepher, is well 
patronized, and he has come to stay. He has a good room 
and a fine dwelling house. 

I have taken fifty orders for our work in Jefferson. ^ly 
association on ray part among the people here has been pleas- 
ant, and I am under obligations to many for their interest and 
kindness. I found twelve persons who have passed the 
ei"-htieth mile post. Two had gone ten miles farther. Jeffcr- 
so'n certainly is the land of the old people. I will go from 
here to Wor'th, skipping Center for Mr. Spahr, who will look 
up our interest there when through with Sugar Creek, where 
he is now. 

SOME PROMINENT HOSTELRIES OF EAGLE VIL- 
LAGE FORTY YEARS AGO. 

Perhaps no road in Indiana was traveled more than the 
Michigan road, from Indianapolis to Logansport, in early 
days, and certainly no tavern was more popular than the Eagle 
Village Hotel, though there were many shingles hanging out 
as far'^back as 1845, and a few later. They are now all gone, 
or at lea.-,t but few remain. Begin at Indianapolis; the fir.-'t 
one was "Foland's," neaf Crown Hill; Simeon Head's, ?')ud^i 
of Augusta; " Goldsburg's," in Augusta; ''George Alton's" 
ll-mifc house, and Noble Davis, ju, t north. Opposite N<.b!o 
Davis, Mr. Patterson kept; and on the White River hill, iUc 
miles north of the capital city, :^Ir. Rridgford kept. I f'lgot 
to mention liim in the right place. Then we come to the 
Eagle Village Hotel, kept many years by Polly Lariinore. I 
. think her husband, Daniel Larimore, started it in 1834 He 
<iying, she kept on till about the year 18-18, when it was kept 




i 






■h' 











"/'/, 



JUDGE WM. J. DEVOL. 




.--4 



>^^ 



Jh-^ 






4^^^^ 



/• 



ilk 









4M^ 






REBECCA DEVOL. 



BOONE COUNTY, IXDIAXA. 417 

by George Craft, Joseph Larimore (her son), and others, 
always keeping up its good record, till finally it went down 
about the year 1855. It was a two story frame, and, for the 
times, a good building. Its bar room was large, with a fire- 
place, and around the crackling fire many were the good jokes 
told, and many were the good tables set in its ample dining 
room. Some have eaten at it who afterwards became promi- 
nent, such as Schuyler Colfax, D. D. Pratt, G. W. Fitch, Jesse 
D. Bright, H. P. Biddle, John Pettit, (all in the United States 
Senate,) and others. I boarded there and sat at the table with 
all or nearly all of the above. 

North of Eagle Village the following kept tavern : Jacob 
Hoover, Ben. Cox, Mr. Cotton ; and at Xortiifield, Jacob Tip- 
ton kept many years; north or Northfield, Mr. Smith and Mr. 
Lane kept. 

The stage line from Indianapolis to Logansport ran daily, 
and mostly with four horses, and they were all needed, for the 
roads during the winter were terrible. It was on this road 
that the story originated about the passengers walking and 
carrying rails to pry the stage out of the mud holes. They 
changed horses at the Eagle Village Hotel, and passengers got 
dinner there. The old, slow-plodding stage and the taverns 
are things of the past. The stage driver's horn, once musical, 
has been supplanted with the engine whistle. 

EAGLE VILLAGE IN 1847. . 

MEXICAN SOLDIERS ON THEIR WAY STAY ALL NIGHT AT 
EAGLE VILLAGE. 

I call to mind two gala days, mingled with sadness, at 
Eagle Village. Both were similar occasions, and only a few 
days apart. The first was the boys from Logansport, under the 
leadership of Gen. Tipton. It was a beautiful evening when 
It was reported that they would arrive in our village and stav 
all night. There was hustling about in hot haste. To give 
27 



418 EARLY LIFE A2sD TIMES IX 

entertainment to 100 persons was no little matter. They 
were, however, all accommodated, from two to ten staying ai 
each house, and about twenty each at the two hotels. The}' were 
halted in front of the hotel, and the captain would tell four to 
go with this man, two with this, and so on till all were quart- 
ered. I think as many more could have been cared for. Six 
came to our house. One of them wanted to stay at the hotel. 
He was a fine-haired chap, as most of them were clerks and 
young fellows from Logansport, and did not know the hard 
times that awaited him. Not half of this gay company return- 
ed. The company from Delphi followed soon, under Gen. 
Milroy. We had a little better notice of their coming, and 
the Eagle Village Light Infantry, then in its zenith, went out 
to meet them in the vicinity of Xorthfield, returning near 
night with bayonets glistening and flags flying, drums beating. 
etc. The men were quartered the same way as those from 
Logansport. The village was full of enthusiasm, men, women 
and children keeping time to the general enthusiasm that per- 
vaded ns all. Our home company was worked up to such an 
extent that a vote was taken and it was resolved to go to the 
front, but their services were not needed, and they did not go 
nor do I call to mind a single man that went from the village 
During the summer of 1880 I was in Carroll County, and saw 
a few of the boys, or rather old men, who stayed all night at 
the village in 1847. It was this company that suffered terri- 
bly with sickness, and not more than one-fourth got baek. I 
was four years too young to go to the Mexican war. I f'-'h 
big enough when the soldiers referred to above were at the 
village. The fire had ample time to die out till 1861 came 
around, and I wast just the right age, and I was like the man 
who was hunting a man to whip him. Late in the day he met 
a friend and said he had found his man. If the roll was called 
of these 200 men how many do you suppose would answer to 
their names to-day ? 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 419 

SAMUEL HARDEN'S FIRST TRIP TO MILI.— THE 
DYE MILL OF LONG AGO. 

The few hours I was in your vicinity last week were cer- 
tainly very pleasant ones, full of interest to me in looking 
into the faces of those who I was acquainted witli in years 
past. Here and there are old landmarks of the past to be 
seen in and about Eagle Village and Zionsville. Dye's old 
mill-race is, I see, still visible, but the old mill and its ponder- 
ous wheel are gone. Forty-two years ago I rode up to the old 
mill with grist tied on. It was my "debut." Jake Dye was 
there in all his glory, ready for fun as he always was. His 
first salutation was: "Boy, what in h — 1 do you want?" I 
stammered out that I had come to mill. He took my sack 
and I went to warm at an old cracked stove. There were 
several older boys there parching corn. Jake saw there was 
a chance for fun. He went and got his hand full of flour, 
stuck it under my nose and said : "Boy, smell this;" then he 
dashed all of it in my eyebrows, eyes and hair. I rushed out, 
half scared to death, and washed the flour out as best I could. 
And this was how I was initiated in going to mill. As I 
crossed the old mill-race the other day, it was suggested to my 
mind. Yet the old mill is gone but Jake is living. I hope 
his last days may be pleasant and the sands of life not run out 
for years to come. 

I called to see my old friends, Mr. and Mrs. Pitzer, with 
whom I got acquainted in Eagle Village in 1845, in the prime 
of life. I passed a pleasant hour at their pleasant home. 
Time has dealt gently with them, though their heads are white 
and age is settling over them, gliding gently dovyn the stream 
of time 

I accepted an invitation to dinner with Major B. M. Greg- 
ory, at his splendid home, where he and his excellent wife know 
all about genuine hospitality. I got acquainted with Ben at 
the Old Augusta camp ground, in 1843. Some older boys got 



420 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

US to fight, but it was a bloodless oue, aud we have been warm 
friends since. 

I stayed over night with I. N, Cotton, four miles from 
Zionsville. AVe crossed the plains together in 1852, and I 
wanted to talk over old times and set around the camp fires 
again before they go out forever. He has a pleasant home, 
nestled among the hills of the creek, fish ponds and bee stands 
alternating around. This was the second time we met since 
1852. Mr. Cotton is one of the best farmers in the county 
aud is well posted on the grand subject. He aud his interest- 
ing family gave me a hearty welcome at their home. 

I was glad to notice the general thrift and improvement 
that is noticeable all over the county, though many of the old 
landmarks have disappeared aud old citizens gone, it is but 
history repeating itself, and the things of to-day will soon be 
those of to-morrow. I never visit Zionsville without visiting 
the beautiful little cemetery just across the creek, for it is there 
where some dear friends are sleeping, I think it makes us 
better to visit the graves of loved ones, lovse sight of the world 
for awhile and be reminded of the swiftness of time. Let us 
keep the graves of our friends green. 

EARLY ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

MR. SAMUEL HARDEN RECALLS THE FIRST LODGE AT EAGLE 
• VILLAGE. 

It was in the year 1846 the Odd Fellows organized a lodge 
in Eagle Village. There was at that time considerable oppo- 
sition to the order, and the result was, as is always the case, it 
flourished, and in two or three years a good lodge was built 
up. Thomas P. Miller built a two-story frame, fronting on 
the street, some forty feet long, and over this was the hall, 
making the building three stories high. The hall was com- 
pleted first, and continued this way for some time, standing 
upon stilts, as it were, for the underj)art was not even weather- 
boarded for two years. There were large letters on the front 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 421 

of the hall which read: "Odd Fellows' Hall." The letters 
were cut out by John Lowe, now of Lebanon. This, with the 
odd-looking buildinc^, attracted the general attention ot travel- 
ers, who were plenty then on the Michigan road. Yes, there 
was strong opposition to the order. Many hard things were 
said and done pro and con. At one time things looked like 
a little domestic war would result. Strange things were seen 
and heard, especially on the night of meetings. One woman 
declared she saw one of the members carrying up hay to feed 
the goat. Chains were heard clanking and other thing? 
equally erroneous-appearing now. But they were believed 
then, and some went so far as to say they were a nest of horse 
thieves. Among the first members were T. P. Miller, J. F. 
Daugherty, Oel Thayer, James M. Lariraore, Joseph Larimore, 
James Handly, Isaac L. Davenport, John "Welch, Dr. S. AY. 
Rodman and others M'hose names I do not call to mind. Pre- 
judice soon, however, died out, as it must in all such cases, for 
when some might think such orders are wrong-doing, they are 
devising ways and means to dry up the widow's tears and stop 
the orphans' cries. As soon as their works are seen and felt 
the opposition gives way and the good work goes on. I was 
in early life prejudiced against secret orders. It took a long 
time to out-live it. Though never an Odd Fellow, I belong 
to an order none the less honorable and yet a little older, which 
had the tendency to knock out the early and erroneous impres- 
sions against secret orders. The old hall at the village has 
gone a long time ago, but teachings of the order live green 
to-day. 

OLD BETHEL CHURCH. 

AN ANCIENT CITADEL FROM WHICH SATAN's FORCES WERE 

STORMED. 

The above house was built about fifty years ago, midway 
between Eagle Village and Clarkstowu, and near where Little 
Eagle crosses the Michigan road. The first time I was there 
was in 1 8-45. Was there occasionally for several years after. 



422 EARLY LIFE AND TlilES IX 

ward. It was well located, on a high piece of ground, and it 
was for years a popular place for the Methodists to hold meet- 
ings, and some of their strong as well as good men preached 
there. As I passed by the place not long since, I could not 
tiliscover any vestige of the old building. It was a hewed-log 
house, some 30x50 feet. It would seat some 350 persons. 
There is an old story told about the pulpit, or" rather how it 
was paid for, the truth of which I do not vouch for. Two 
prominent citizens, both high up in the art of swearing, agreed 
between themselves that the one who could swear the most 
profanely the other should pay for making the pulpit. It was 
said the agreement was carried out. One man who went there 
quite often, now dead, said : "No wonder Bethel don't flourish, 
for the pulpit was cussed out." Be this as it may, the pulpit 
was built and Bethel did flourish, and many good sermons 
were preached from it. About the first time I ever heard the 
late AY. TI. Goode was there, then in his younger days, and 
when he had not reached his zenith. He died recently at 
Richmond, Ind., after falling and breaking his leg. What a 
grand man and preacher he ^vas. 

Among those who were there early Mere F. M. Richmond, 
Rev. Roll, A. Eddy, Joseph Marsee, George Duzan, George 
Bowman, Sen., and others. 

Among those whom I oftened listened to in praise and 
exhortation were Mr. and Mrs. De Buler, Jacob Lakin, George 
Lowe and wife, William and Henderson Bragg, Isaac L. Daven- 
port, George Dye, !Mr. Stoneking, Thomas Blake, Sen., Mr. 
Pryor Brock. All are dead but Mr. Allen Brock and Mrs. 
Lowe, I think. The house was rather rough inside. The 
.seats were only slabs,'without backs, and it was somewhat tire- 
some to sit there two hours. 

The architecture of our houses of worship has improved 
more in proportion than the preaching, to my notion. 1 
listened to the noted "boy preacher," Harrison, a few years 
ago, in one of the fine churches in Indianapolis, or rather saw 
him go through with his monkey actions. He could not hold 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 423 

a candle to any of the above to preach. But then it suits the 
people and they will go. But the doctrine that was preached 
in old Bethel will live when the present way of worship is 
forgotten. I believe in progression, but in truth are we pro- 
gressing, is a serious question. 

UNION TOWNSHIP. 

MR. HVEDEX FINDS IN THIS TOWNSHIP THE SUBJECT-MAT- 
TER FOR A VERY LONG LETTER. 

Though Union is one of the smallest townships in the 
county, there is much to write about here. With its thousand 
springs, its hills and rills, runs and streams, and with all its 
productive soil, one can but touch on the variety of what 
might be the theme of a long communication. 

'Squire Marvin, so long and well known, is beautifully lo- 
cated on the Michigan road about one mile north of Northfield, 
overlooking Rosston, the two pikes, the valley of Eagle Creek, 
and the iron bridge that spans it midway between his house 
and Northfield. There are few handsomer places in the county 
— certainly no better place to stop. Good music by Charley 
and his sister. Call and see the 'Squire on the hill. 

George and Nero Hollingsworth, northeast, adjoining the 
Marion Township line, are well located — the latter in a splen- 
did brick house, with a good farm. He lives at home. George 
is farming, having quit teaching school. A niglit at his pleas- 
ant home will convince any one that he and his wife know how 
to entertain 

Isaac Leap is keeping store at Rosston. He is from Perry 
Township. He has a fair trade. 

The Ross brothers, " Non and Nin," are here to stay — in 
fact they have been here a long time. They are sons of the 
late James Ross, one of the early settlers of Union. He and 
his wife are buried at Crown Hill. 

George Stephenson, south of Northfield, is a township 



424 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

trustee. He has traveled extensively and is a good talker. 
Don't fail to call on him when in Union. 

John Murphy, just south, has a splendid situation, a good 
farm, and one of the best poultry yards in the county. To 
him belongs the credit of building the church house at North- 
field known as the " Seventh-Day Adventist." 

John Xew lives in Northfield, and has one of the finest 
libraries in the county. He is a well informed gentleman. 
Harvey New is teaching the school here, and is one of the 
rising young men. George New, one and a half miles west, 
near the junction of Mount's Run aud Eagle Creek, has a 
pleasant situation, overlooking a beautiful little valley to the 
south. He is teaching school in Union Township. He, with 
the assisstance of his nephew, Harvey, have made a map, with 
key attached, of the late war, which displays great talent in 
its make-up. It has taken time and great pains to make this 
beautiful and valuable map. It must be seen to be appreciated. 
If a person was looking for a pleasant place to stop and 
George's did not fill the bill they had better move on. 

George Shelburn, just west of Northfield, has a productive 
farm, and on of the cleverest families in Boone County. 

J. H. Peters, situated on Mount's Run, has been here 
nearly all his life. I am indebted to him and his family for 
attentions. 

James Hughbanks, on the east line of the township, has 
some of the best land in the county. He was formerly town- 
ship trustee. 

John A. Dulin, in the north part, is one of the best farmers 
and stock men to be found anywhere. He has seven head of 
fine horses, valued at as many thousand dollars; fine cattle, 
fish pond, and in fact everything to denote plenty on every 
hand. 

North you will find Frank Woodard, v.'ho has a good word 
for all, and here you will find without a doubt some of the 
finest poultry in the county — turkeys by the hundred, white 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 425 

as the drifting snow, and chickens as if rained down from 
some fairy land. Gall and see Frank's poultry. 

L. P. Shoemaker lives on the Xoblesville gravel road, in 
the brick house. To say he is well, located is a mild way of 
stating it. His aged mother-in-law, Mrs. Dulin, lives with 
bim. She is near eighty years of age, and has been here over 
fifty years. 

A little further east you will find Uncle George Shoemaker, 
a grand conversationalist, and at one time one of the largest 
landholders in the county. Mr. S. is iu poor health at this 
writing. He has been here fifty years. He and his aged 
companion are enjoying the comforts of life. 

Midway between L. P. and his father is Isaac Shoemaker, 
who has a fine house and handsome surroundings. He has 
just returned from a hunting trip to Michigan. Call and hear 
him tell about killing seven deer, one otter and other game. 

S. S. Davis, south of Big Springs, has been here many 
years — is to the manor born. Is well informed on Boone 
County matters. 

Andrew Harvey, in the southeast part of Union, has been 
here many years. Has just finished a fine barn and moved his 
house out on the road. Is now much better located. 

I find J. P. Stark in the school room, his fort, having 
taught over sixteen years. He has a fine brick house, and a 
good farm, on the pike. 

Joseph Artman, on the north line, has been here twenty 
years, and when I called he was gathering the golden corn, of 
which he has plenty. In fact, he is a good farmer. 

William Beeler, on Jackson Run, is one of those clever 
men and can't help it. He has one of the finest gravel pits to 
be found. 

John Stephenson is alone in the world, but is making the 
best of surroundings. He is near the Hamilton County line. 

N. Lothlin, C. O. Dulin, Ed. Smith, Morris Maulove, W. 
A. Kincaid and Oliver Harlan are among the young men met 
in the township, all of whom patronize our work. 



426 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

The schools are all in running order. I visited those of 
Miss Hollingswor<h, Harvey Xew, J. P. Stark and George- 
New. Bright, well-clad children flocking to school in every 
direction certainly is no bad sight. 

Among the old persons in Union are James Berry, James 
New, John Kineaid (aged ninety-two), iSIrs. Koontz, Mrs. 
Sedwick, Xewton Dooley, Wash. Hatton, Mrs. Dulin, Mrs. 
Wysong and others. 

The old Michigan road to me is of peculiar interest. 
Forty-three years ago I was along here. There are a few land- 
marks remaining. The old Jacob Jones' inn is intact, much the 
same, with its big chimneys, where the old stage coach and 
where the horses were exchanged. There are a few houses in 
Xorthfield that were there then. Weslev Smith, or as we 
called him, "Col." Smith, kept tavern near the north line of 
Union. I was at his house in the winter of 1847 in company 
with a party of sleighriders from Eagle Village, most of whom 
are now dead. I thought while in Northfield of J. H. Eose, 
Dr. Sara Hardy, Chance Cole, Dr. McLeod, and that grand 
old man, Jacob Jones, who was thrice a pioneer — once in 
Ohio, again in Indiana, and finally went to Oregon in 1852, 
where he was at the head and front of a large delegation wiio 
went from Northfield and vicinity. He finally died in his 
western home a few years ago. I never pass his old home 
without thinking of him. In many respects he was a good 
man. 

There are many other matters I would very much like to 
write about, but have already, I fear, overstepped the space I 
could reasonably ask for. 

To all whom I met in little Union during the past few 
days I am thankful for their patronage and kindness. 

I will write you from Clinton Township. Bare with me 
two more letters and I will not bother those who from time to 
time have thought my letters worth reading during the past 
fifteen months. 



BOONE COUXTY, INDIANA. 42' 



TWO EARLY PIONEERS. 

SKETCHES OF GEORGE DYE AND FREDERICK LOWE, 
EAGLE VILLAGE PIONEERS. 

It seems strange to write a letter to a newspaper 
at Zionsville, for it seems not a great while ago there 
was no town there, much less a printing office. I prom- 
ised to -write something for your paper and would gladly do 
so, but the fact is I am about out of ammunition, having written 
twelve letters to the Pioneer, which has exhausted my little 
fund in the reminiscence line. I want to say a word in mem- 
ory of two honored pioneers of Eagle Creek who are now 
dead, George Dye and Frederick Lowe. And when I say 
they were pioneers I mean all that that word means. They 
were to Boone County what Daniel Boone was to Kentucky; 
bold, fearless, honest. Wliat one can say of one, either Mr. 
D. or Mr. L., might be said of the other. Both came early, 
both were religious men, raised large families, and contributed 
largely of their time and means to build up a "good society." 
Their houses were borh open not only for the poor " new 
comer," but to the itinerant preacher who follows close in the 
wake of civilization. The first time I ever saw Mr. Dye he 
came to our house to see father about building a church in 
Eagle Village. He had his trusty big rifle with him, weigh- 
ing nineteen pounds. Yes. I said trusty, for once he got a 
bead on a deer or turkey it was Uncle George's meat, sure. 
That good old man did not live to see the church completed, 
for he died about the year 1849 or 1850. He went to Leba- 
non on some business and was taken sick and died. He was 
not what we now call a polished man, but he was more than 
that, he was useful. Early he built the Dye mill, which was 
of untold usefulness to the early settlers. Don't forget George 
Dye. Captain Lowe was a good man. His house was a place 
for preaching in early days. I was there a long time ago. 
He was a strong man in many respects, although feminine in 



428 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

his make-up, and lived to a good old age. Captain Lowe's 
word was as good as any man's that ever made tracks in Boone 
County. He was also a great hunter, though his gun, per- 
haps, was not as long or heavy as that of Mr. Dye. But I 
would as soon have been shot at by one as the other in their 
best days. No, don't forget Mr. Lowe either. Keep their 
graves green, for in your infancy as a county they waited the 
early advance of society with interest, done what they thought 
was right, were always right on the moral questions. Mr. 
Dye was a member of the M. E. Church, and Mr. Lowe of the 
Christian. Mr. Dye came from" the Muskingum Rivei-, in 
Ohio. I think Mr. Lowe was from North Carolina, but am 
not positive of his nativity. 

THE MICHIGAN ROAD. 

PROMINENT EARLY SETTLERS WHO RESIDE ALONG THIS 
OLD THOROUGHFARE, 

I was out on the Michigan road on Saturday last, in the 
interest of ray work. Called on Henry M. Marvin, who has 
been here many years. Has represented the county seven 
years in the legislature. He is" pleasantly located on the hill 
overlooking Northfield, Eagle Creek and the bridge that spans 
it just south of his house. After dinner Miss Mariam and 
brother gave some fine music on the organ and violin. Mr. 
Marvin has one of the finest locations for a fish pond in the 
county, and will soon, he says, improve it and stock it with 
fish. 

.George Stephenson, trustee, is about one mile south of 
Northfield, and has a fine farm of 160 acres. George has 
traveled much and is good company, having been a tourist in 
Europe. Talks patent rights to perfection, and is himself thv:' 
patentee of many good and useful inventions. 

Mrs. Nichols, aged eighty-four, just south of the creek, is 
yet living. She has been here over fifty years, and before the 



BOOXE COUNTY, INDIANA. 429 

Michigan road was cut out, and, I think, has lived on the 
same farm ever since. She is the mother of the late Addison 
Nichols, and Rue and Ol, of Zionsville, and Mrs. Martin 
Burton, of Indianapolis, She is one of the few old citizens 
who first came to Union Township. 

James Dye and Jesse Lane are two old settlers who live in 
Xorthlield. What they do not know of that place is not worth 
telling. 

As I passed along this old road I thought of the old stage 
as it went lumbering in years past, and of Jacob Jones, Sr., as 
I passed his old home. He was a good man. Three times 
was he pioneer to as many counties, and he was useful wherever 
he was. Jacob Tipton I thought of, with his coonskins 
lashed on as he traveled the swamps of Boone, tax collector, 
sheriff, etc. 

Jacob Jones, Jr., is finely located on the road in Eagle 
Township. Has been here nearly all his life, and, I think, is 
the only one of this pioneer family now living in Boone 
County. Mr. Jones takes interest in my work, and is the first 
in the county to forward a history of his family to be pub- 
lished in "Early Life and Times in Boone County." 



A FEW LEBANON NOTES. 

I attended the Democratic convention here on Saturday last. 
It was held in the court house yard. Fully two thousand 
persons were present, and it was one of the best conducted 
outdoor meetings I was ever at. James Shirley was president 
and Mr> Higgins secretary. The ticket gives satisfaction as 
far as I have heard. Thomas Shelburn, of Eagle, 
bore his honors well and received the congratulations of his 
friends with becoming modesty. Tom will be no dead weight 
to carry in the coming campaign. 

The opera house is being handsomely fitted up and will be 
<ione in a few days, in time for the fair. 



430 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

Work on the M. E. Church is progressing M'ell and will be 
finished before cold weather. It will be quite an improvement 
over the old building. 

The fair grounds are being put in order, new buildings and 
other improvements going on. Every effort will be made to 
make this one of the best fairs ever held in the county. 

Lebanon will soon be lighted with gas, as there is now go- 
ing on movements in that direction. In fact, Lebanon is, 
considering the times, on the boom. There is one thing this 
city does need, and that is a good hotel building. Some one 
ought to lead out and build one here and supply a long felt 
want. 

I am getting along well with my work here. Have been 
over the south tier of townships. Am meeting with encour- 
agement thus far, and have hopes of its continuance. 

The friends here of James Miller were sorry to hear of his 
death, as it was somewhat unexpected. 



NEARING THE END. 

MR. HARDEN GETS AROUND TO CLINTON WITH HIS WORK. 

The above township is the only one but what I have been 
in in former years, and the only one that I was wholly unac- 
quainted in, Mrs. A. C. Coombs being the only person that I 
ever was at all acquainted with, and her not for thirty-five 
years — then a little girl at Eagle Village. She is the daughter 
of T. P. Miller, now of Indianapolis. Clinton is well watered 
by. the streams of Mud Creek and Brown's Wonder, flowing a 
little to the east of north, entering Sugar Creek about three 
miles apart. Three churches in Elizaville, Hopewell in the 
northwest, and Salem in the northeast, furnish places for the 
people to worship. All very good sized and well-built edi- 
fices. They consist of three Presbyterian, one Christian and 
one Baptist. The cemeteries at Hopewell and Salem are quite 



BOONE COU^ITY, INDIANA, 431 

well cared for, kept in good order, and some tasteful monu- 
ments mark tlie resting places of loved ones gone. 

Elizaville has two active saw-mills, two stores, two black- 
smith shops, two doctors, and in fact all the needed mechanics 
that go to make up a lively little business center. 

I passed by the old mill on Brown's Wonder, built in early 
times by John Caldwell. It has been idle for several years. 
His widow is living yet on the old homestead. 

A. C. Coombs, long a citizen of Lebanon, has been here 
several years. He lives in the southwest corner. He and his 
wife, who so kindly cared for me, I will long remember. 

^y. H. Evans was- boru here. His father was one of the 
pioneers of Clinton. 

Riley Colgrove, ex-sheriff, has been here twenty years. He 
has a good farm and buildings, and enjoys life full as well as 
his prototype, Charley Riley. 

William Brenton, one of the live young men of Clinton, 
has just completed and moved into his fine residence. I found 
him grading and beautifying the surroundings. 

F, C. Phillips, a little farther east, is here to stay; is well 
informed on matters generally, and a night at his house was 
pleasantly spent. 

West of Mr. Brenton you w^ill find O. G. Curtis. His 
father was an early settler. He is one of the men who reads 
and does his own thinking. 

Farther east is J. A. Powell, also one of the go-ahead 
young farmers of Clinton. His wife is the daughter of John 
M. Burns, so long and well known by the people of Boone 
County in public and private life. 

Riley Perkins, in the west part of the township, has a fine 
farm and buildings, and is an independent thinker and voter. 
We lack about one hundred thousand such men in Indiana. 

Marion Caldwell is erecting a fine residence here. He is 
one of the rising young men of Clinton. 

Hiram Brenton and his aged wife live here. He is one of 
the old pioneers, and was here before the town was laid out. 



432 EAKLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

South you will fiacl Jack Robinson, also his aged father, 
who lives with him. They are among the early citizens of 
Clinton. 

South and in sight, living in a brick house to the left, you 
will find G. W. Silver. No better place to stop in Boone 
County. No use of gold when you stop with silver. 

West W. M. Evans resides. He is one of the go-ahead 
young farmers, and has fine stock of all kinds — twenty-eight 
head of hogs, some weighing from five to eight hundred pounds. 

Near him you will find Jesse Swope, who has a good farm. 
I found hira gathering the golden corn. He takes the Pioneer 
and reads the news himself and to his interesting family. 

I must not forget James A. McDonald and his aged com- 
panion, who have battled with the early life in Clinton. He 
has a fund of early events to tell around his hearthstone. 
Don't pass hira by. 

John R. McDonald, his son, is a young man of activity, 
has splendid buildings and farm, could hardly get along witli- 
out the Pioneer. 

Frank Phillips, on the Strawtown road, has a fine farm and 
buildings. His wife is the daughter of one of the Elder Cald- 
wells. This is one of the interesting places in the county. 

Ea-t, after passing J. A. Powell on the north, you will find 
Hugh Sample, said to be the first child to see daylight up in 
Clinton, fifty-two years ago. Whether this is a fact or not, a 
night at his pleasant home will satisfy any one that Hugh has 
been here long enough to know how to make one at home. 

My work here is done. I have wandered up and down on 
Brown's Wonder, got my feet muddy on Mud Creek and saw 
no, tarrapins on Tarpin Creek. 

Oh, yes I I must not forget Thomas Abernathy, eighty- 
eight years of age. He and his aged wife are enjoying life up 
here on Mud Creek now, as well as the past fifty years. 

To all in Clinton Township I am thankful for attentions. 
Riley Colgrove and ^Matthew McAlear are the only living 
Mexican soldiers I find here. May they live long. 








^ 






WILLIA^t E. HOGSHIRE. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 433 

William C. Powell and Adam C. Kern, trustee, live in the 
south part. The former is an old citizen. The latter also is 
no stranger in Boone County. He has a fine tile factory, and 
has the schools in line trim, if one may judge from passing 
through. The school houses here are all of brfck, and of 
good size and generally well located. Among the teachers 
are Milton Caldwell, Miss White and Mr. Stafford. 

Ephraim Davis, in the north part, has a fine farm and brick 
house. He has been long a citizen of Boone, and is here to 
stay. He has 240 acres of land. His father lives near Leb- 
anon. Splendid dinner at the right time at his house. 

Matthew McAlear, whom every person up here knows, has 
been here many years. 

J. A. Pavey, near by, is a young man who has beeu liere 
all his life. 

Widow Roberts, relict of the late Hiram Roberts, has been 
living on Brown's Wonder fifty years. She knows all about 
the hardships of a frontier life. Mr. Roberts was one of the 
first school teachers in Clinton. 

I must not forget James F. Downing. . He pointed out the 
site of his father's rude cabin, built on Tarrepin Creek, sixty 
years ago; also the place where the Indian hut stood near by. 
To him and all others referred to above, and many others, I am 
under lasting obligations for patronage and attentions. The 
people here seem to be prosperous and contented, and good 
husbandry crops out on every hand. 

WASHINGTON TOWNSHIP. 

MR. HARDEN's last PROVES HIS BEST AND MOST INTEREST- 
ING LETTER. 

One dark, rainy night I knocked at the door of John Hig- 

gins, after having lost my way and " cooned " the foot-log 

near his house. I fully appreciated the genuine hospitality of 

Mr. and Mrs. Hall. Here it was that our good editor found 

28 



434 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

his better if not big-ger half. Xear here is the precinct or 
township house. It is of brick, and quite well located. 

Adjoining the county south v.est you will find John Camp- 
bell, who is one of the pioneers of AVashington. To him and 
his son, S. E. Campbell, I am under special obligations. 

Joseph Reese, son of Samuel Reese, one of the older citizens 
here, is well located, with a brick house. He is on duty at 
the court house. 

Oliver Chambers, son of one of the pioneer families, lives 
with his mother, aged eighty years. She has a vivid recollec- 
tion of early events of this locality. 

The Slayback family also are early settlers here. Mrs. S. 
is yet living with her son, David. It is over fifty years since 
they came to Washington. 

W. W. Trout, one among the clever men of Boone, is liv- 
ing on the old farm of the late H. G. Hazlerigg. He is not 
an old citizen here, but has lived in the county nearly if not 
all his life. His wife is one of a pioneer family (Xeese). 

Joseph Hollingsworth, on the railroad, beat the road here 
many years. I arrived just in time for a splendid dinner. 
Mr. H. is chuck full of fun and early reminiscences. 

David Thornberry is here. If there is a man that has suf- 
fered death and yet lives, it is Mr. T. Yet I found him 
cheerful and quite well informed. His well-worn crutch gives 
evidence of his long lameness. 

One night after dark I stopped at the house of W. W. Riley. 
I found it a pleasant place to stop. "Will never forget the 
kindness to me. , 

Robert Hamil, near the township line, lives with his 
mother, sister of the late J. J. Xcsbit, ex-county treasurer. 
She is a lady of refinement, and well informed. 

J. H. Burnham, just north of the center precinct, has been 
here all his life. He ovv'ns two hundred and eighty acres of 
good land, is a young man well posted on affairs generally, and 
works on the square. Call and see him and his pleasant fam- 
ily when in this township. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 435 

Thomas Utter, south of Sugar Creek, is here to stay. He has 
the finest barn in Washington, with good stock and everything 
denoting thrift. He will soon have the best fish pondin the 
county. 

Near the creek you will find Sara Titus, brother to Xat. 
He has been here fifty years. Has a good barn on the bank 
of the creek. He takes the Pioneer and is posted. 

The bridge here at what is known as the Crose Ford, is 
nearing completion. It is one of the much-needed improve- 
ments, and will, when done, be highly prized by the people up 
here. 

David Crose, on the hill, has a fine location. I ate 
Thanksgiving dinner at his hospitable home. 

Samuel Long, farther up, is an old-timer here. I stopped 
with him over night. It is the first time Long Sam and Sara 
Long stopped together, and it raay be a long time again. 

John J. Goldsberry, near the Clinton County line, has been 
here over fifty years. I stopped over night at his home. He 
is a good talker, and knows all about this locality. Could 
not keep house without the Pioneer. Thanks to him and 
family for attentions. 

James Graham, near the corner of the township, is an old 
settler. I found him building a house. 

Greenberry Buntin, up the creek near the old saw-mill, 
built by G. AV. Hardesty many years ago. I found Mr. Bun- 
tin a clever gentleman ; came here when a boy in 1834. 

Mechanicsburg, on the hill, is well located, with stores of 
all kinds, churches, etc. Dr. Reagan has a fine dwelling. 
The folks here regret his going away. 

James Davis, north, has been here many years. He was 
raised at Thorntown. He will build a new house in the spring. 

James Richey, near here, is the son of one of the pioneers. 
He was in the 72d Regiment, as well as his neighbor, Joseph 
H. Beach, who lives on the pike just south of him. Mr. 
Richey has some 50-pound turkeys that are hard to beat. 

Wash Phillips, aged eighty, is on the pike. He is among 



436 EAELY LIFE AND TIMES. 

the early citizens of Washington. Has a fine location. Call 
and see the old man on the hill. 

Albert Helms, though not an old settler, is interested in 
our work. He came from Ohio a few years ago ; was trustee 
a few years ago. His aged father (92) lives with him. 

John L. Buntin — that grand old man — don't forget to call 
on him when in this locality. He has been here fifty-two years. 

T. S. Metcalf, at the crossing, I must not forget. He was 
born in Kentucky. How could he be anything but clever? 
To him and family I will ever be indebted for attentions. 

West you will find Eobcrt Slocum, one of the big farmer.- 
of Washington — one of the kindest men in the county. Witl 
no children of his own he is constantly caring for others. H( 
has fine cattle, and other things denote good farming. 

Anthony Beck lives in the best house in the township. I 
found him a very well posted man and a clever gentleman. 
S. W. Beck, his brother, just west, is well located. He takes 
and reads the the Pioneer, and takes an interest in the "Early 
Life and Times in Boone." 

Edward Warren, just north, has been here a long time. 
Has a good farm. Could not keep house without the Pioneer. 

Martha Witt, formerly Miss McCanu, lives near her fath- 
er's old home. Has battled with early times and the experi- 
ence of early life and widowhood. 

James Wills, east of Pike's Crossing, lives at home, and 
has one of the best farms in the countv, and is a good faraier. 
A good dinner at his house at about the right time. 

H. G. Masters, at the Crossing, is keeping store and post- 
office. I feel for him. I once licked stamps and wrote letters 
for the people. 

To one and all of the above I am thankful for patronage. 
My work now is done. The canvass on Aiy part has been 
pleasant. In after life it will be to me a pleasure to call u]« 
the many incidents and happy hours passed in canvassing the 
county. I have been universally well treated by all, at the 
humble cabin and mansion as well. Farewell to all. 

S. Hakdix. 



POEMS. 



The following poems were received too late to be placed in their proper 
place, but are too good not to appear in this work. They will be read with 
great interest by the people of the county. We regret ver}' much that we 
are compelled to put them in at so late a day, but something has to be last, 
and this will give our book a poetical wind-up. A few late sketches and 
biographies will appear after these poems, when the soldier list of the ''boys 
in blue," who in their youth and strong manhood went out that our coun- 
try might live, will follow. It is with great pleasure we give this list. 
Our work would not at all be worthy the patronage of the people without 
it. Of course, among so many names, there will doubtless be mistakes and 
omissions, but we have in this case, as well as in others, done the best 
under the circumstances. 

OLD SETTLER'S SONG. 

I lived in Kentucky before I came here ; 
My father, a hunter, killed turkeys and deer ; 
Then women were known to skutch out the flax, 
From which they made linen to put on their backs. 

It was then very common, I'd have you understand, 
For women to card wool and sew it by hand ; 
While the girls at the wheel were careful and gay. 
My mother at the loom kept banging away. 

The people in common in home made were dressed, 
When the Sabbath came 'round they put on their best. 
I came to Boone County in the year thirty-two, 
Then houses were scarce and people were few. 

The country was new when I first settled here, 
I hunted wild turkevs and killed a few deer ; 



438 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

The pea vines, nettles and plenty of frogs, 

And snakes and big turtles were seen in the bogs. 

Then porcupines and 'possoms were caught in their dens, 
And the wolves taken in steel traps and pens; 
There were few of our men that ever wore boots, 
Though thej cleared in the green and plowed among roots. 

Then women were known to work on the farm, 
Or at the spinuing-wheel, and thought it no harm; 
They oft did sit up so very late at night. 
Had breakfast next morning ere it was light. 

They wrapped up their babies so snug and so soft, 
Then rocked them to sleep in an old sugar trough : 
The children went ragged, in their bare feet, 
Their mothers kissed them and said they were sweet. 

"We now have railroads, and telegraphs too. 
The churches and school houses never a few ; 
We now have plenty and something to spare, 
Fine boots on our feet, and good clothes to wear. 

We can drink coffee, and women drink tea, 
And all being hiippy as happy can be; 
While the children grow fat on butter and milk. 
The ladies go dressed in satin and silk. 

While people are passing from day unto day. 
We see them in buggies along the highway ; 
We hear the cars whistle, we hear the bells ring. 
While the people collect to pray and to sing. 

We now have fine carpets, and big featherbeds. 
With extra big pillows to put under our heads, 
And plenty of papers and books to read. 

Among the great nations we are taking the lead. 

K. W. H. 
Jamestown, May, 1S87. 



BOON'E COUNTY, INDIANA. 

BOO^'E COUNTY. 

Harden & Spahr are writing a history 

Of Boone County, they say, 
And they offer as premium a copy 

Unto the best bard of the day. 

Our county we know is productive 

In regard to oats, wheat, hogs and corn ; 

But alas, her poets are so scattering — 
In fact I believe they're not born. 

You may write biographical sketches, 
And talk of the fame of the dead, 

Or sing all you please your low ditties ; 
I'll tell you what we have instead : 

Then first, we have lots of war horses 

Of a pusilanimous kind, 
Who run every year for some office, 

And go it as though they were blind. 

We have also salary grabbers, 

Who loan money at fifteen per cent. 

In advance, they hint they would have it; , 
Oh, pshaw ! will they never repent? 

We have grangers — a new institution — 

We want reformation of late; 
They buy hogs for five cents of their brothers 

And sell them for seven or eight. 

Still they want no man in the middle — • 
Would go to Congress themselves ; 

Their hills might be like this poem — 
Either tabled or laid on the shelves. 

We have railroads, turnpikes and hydraulics, 
^Vith bridges both iron and wood ; 

And coaches of every description, 

All of which are pronounced very good. 



439 



440 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

We have schools, bolh graded and common, 
And teachers conducting them, too, 

"Who do very well with their pupils. 
But visitors make them look "blue." 

We have institutes, county and normal, 
Where teachers are taught in a class ; 

The first requisite there among youngsters- 
Is a goodly supply of the "brass." 

A word for our superintendent ; 

The people all like him as such ; 
But some will look wise as they mumble, 
"I know he is costing too much." 

/ We have belles as fair as the fairest, 
And beaux as polite as you please. 
But they all like to ride in "pa's carriage," 
And live every day at their ease. 

We have judges who sit on the benches. 
And lawyers that do as they please. 

They will keep all the money they handle, 
Like the monkey dividing the cheese. 

Well, now a word for the merchant, 
They will lie, cheat and steal. 

I tell you I've learned by experience 
Of those who have dry goods for sale. 

We have a few honest old farmers — 
Poor souls, how they carry the swill ; 

They drive their hogs to the market 

And laugh in their sleeves "what a sell." 

I had almost forgotten the doctor, 
He rides with a hearty good will ; 

But before you are scarcely buried 
He'll claim vour estate for his bill. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 441 

We have a crusade of womeu 

On brandy, old bourbon and gin, 
"Which freed us a while of rum-holes 

And prevented a great deal of sin. 

Of course I respect all the preachers, 

They are very good teachers, 'tis true ; 
But I've seen some who smiled on the sisters 

A queer kind of " how do you do.'" 

We have no " Ward Beechers " I reckon, 

But not a few Tildens, I'm told, 
Who risk all their eternal salvation 

To fill up their coffers of gold. 

We have small interest in congress 

That grabbled its thousands to use. 
But the reason we grumble about it, 

We can not step into their shoes. 

I believe I'll leave out the mechanic, 

Although a great many we spy 
Who paste putty, paint and varnish 

To cover their faults from the eye. 

We never speak ill of the miller, 

For he's always just ready to laugh. 
He will grind out your grist in a "jiffy," 

But manage to keep about half. 

The butcher I can not do justice, 

His steelyards you never see break ; 
He will give you the neck or the shoulder 

At what he should sell you the steak. 

And last but not least we have babies, 

Methinks I have heard a few squall ; 
God bless them, sweet creatures, 

For mine are the dearest of all. 



s. w. r. 



Big Spuikgs, Apeil, 18S7. 



ADDITIONAL SKETCHES AND BIOGRAPHIES. 



The following sketches and biographies were received too late for proper 
classification: 

SUGAR PLAIN CHURCH. 

Adjoining Thorutown on the M'est is what is known as 
Sugar Plain Neighborhood, and composed chiefly of members 
of " The Friends' Church." The first settling here in this 
neighborhood was bv Huo-h and Sarah Moffitt enteriujj; the farm 
DOW owned by John Glover & Son, in the spring of 1830. In 
the following fall came William Childree and wife, and their 
daughter Phebe, the latter being a late widow of Isaac Brown. 
Thev settled on the farm now owned bv Alpheus Maxwell, 
Jeremiah Moffitt and wife following in the year 1832. The 
latter is now Cynthia A. Woody. Josiah Hollingsworth, 
William and Joseph Herner, Richard Bratton, and wife of 
Adam Boyd, were soon added to the list. The first meeting 
of worship was held at the residence of Hugh Moffitt, in 
December 1833, and was " set up," to use the old phrase, by 
Sugar River. They continued to meet twice a week for wor- 
ship at the same place until the year 1835, when a small log 
house was built near the site of the present building, which 
served the double purpose of school and meeting house until 
the growth of the members had increased and it was insuf- 
ficient in size, when the second was erected; this time a frame 
building in which a meeting for business denominated by the 
Society, a monthly meeting was established in the 12th month 
1840. Although some of the members living from five to 



444 EAF.LY LIFE AND THfES IN 

seven miles away (as it was not iu the days of gravel road-) 
the roads sometimes and often ^vere almost impas-able, their 
custom of going was generally on horseback, they seldom 
missed attending any of these meetings. 

Besides the names already given in this account, nuinv 
others, no doubt, would be familiar (more especially to tlio-c 
of the first settlers, that appear on the early records of the 
meetings), among whom are Isaac and Mary Barker, their 
daughters Hanna Weisner and Ruth Barker, Xathan and 
Catharine Elliot, AVilliam and Margaret Chappell, Thoma- 
Thornton, James and Mary Brown, Nicholas and Matthew- 
Barker, William and Tacy Cloud, James Fisher, Isaac- 
Lawrence, Samuel and Peter Rich, Isaac and Rachel Cox. 
Samuel and Mary Cox, Ambrose and Elizabeth Osborn, Seth 
Williams, Priscilla Wells and others. Most of them are laid 
away in their narrow homes. The meetings were kept up at 
an increasing rate, the membership showing 277. There ha.- 
beeu a Quarterly Meeting held at the same place since 1852, 
which now numbers about six hundred members. The ))rcs- 
ent house was erected in 1852 for the accommodation ol 
Quarterly Meetings. The size of the house is sixty-four feet 
long, sixty-four feet wide, and eighteen feet between the floor 
and ceiling. 

A BRIEF MEMOIR OF THOMAS CASOX AXD 

FAMILY. 

The name of Cason in the Northern States is uncommon. 
but in the Southern States it is a very common one. The 
family on coming to this country settled at an early day in thr 
State of Virginia. Through works of genealogy the name i- 
traced to the south of France, and from which place membfr- 
of the family became refugees in Holland, and from whcp- 
they joined William of Orange in his invasion of Ireland. 
At the time of emigrating to this country they had become 
mixed with Irish, English and Scotch blood. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 445 

Thomas Cason, the father of the family that settled in 
Booue County at an early date, ^Ya5 born in Virginia on De- 
cember 8, 1759, and from there emigrated to South Carolina. 
Having been afflicted with the " white swelling" in one of his 
limbs in early life he became a school teacher, following it 
most of his life. He married Miss Margaret Neill December 
30, 1794. Miss Xeill was boru March 24, 1762. She was a 
woman of excellent mental ability and great force of character. 
Her ex])erience during the Revolutionary war, if written, 
would read like a tale of romance. She was an ardent Whig, 
while a majority of her neighbors were Tories. She had two 
brothers, only one being old enough to enlist in the war. 
Several times her house was robbed and everything in it 
destroyed except one bed on which an invalid mother lay. 
One of these times her brother had come home from the army 
on Sunday morning and was relating the news to the family 
and some young ladies who had come in to see him, when 
they were surprised by the click of gun locks from a squad of 
Hessians at the door of the house. The girls ran in the face 
of the Hessians and the brother out at the other side of ihe 
house. One of the Hessians, seeing her brother would escape, 
ran around the house, while Miss Neill, seeing his intention, 
ran through the house and, meeting him, struck up his gun 
just as he tired, undoubtedly by this act saving the life of her 
brother. On returning to the house her young brother be- 
came alarmed and ran out, and, climbing a high fence, was 
soon out of sight. The Hessians did not seem disposed to 
shoot, but followed after him, going to the bars instead of 
the fence, laying down the middle one; but when one of them 
would attempt to go through the girls would jerk him back. 
One of the Hessians became so exasperated at ]Miss Xeill that 
he struck her across the head with his gun, severely wounding 
her, the scar of which she carried to her grave. The Hessians 
then went to the house and destroyed everyth.ing of value, not 
leaving Miss Xeill a change of clothing. The house had been 
robbed in the same manner before. At another time her 



446 EARLY LIFE AXD TIMES IN 

voung brother and herself htid "mowed" their wheat, and tlie 
night after a company of the enemy's dragoons came and foil 
every sheaf to their horses. Her older brother was, before thf 
war closed, murdered. His company was surrounded in an 
old house by a very much larger force of Tories. The cap- 
tain of the Tories oiFered if they would throw their guns out 
of the house to protect them as prisoners of war. The captain 
of the Whigs accepted these terms and ordered his men to 
throw their guns out of the window. The men at first refused 
to obey, but as the house had been set on fire they yielded. 
The first thing the Tory captain did was to order the Wh'vj: 
captain and his lieutenants to be hung to a " fodder pole ; " 
this breaking, he ordered them shot, after which the pvivarc- 
were also all shot. Miss Neill, hearing of the surrender, 
started immediately for the place, but arrived too late to save 
her brother; all had been shot and the captain was walking 
among the dead and hacking with his sword every muscle that 
moved. 

Thomas Casou, owing to his crippled condition, was never 
molested by the Tories, although his brothers were in the serv- 
ice of the colonies. After his marriage he settled on a farm. 
but owing to having a large amount of security debts to pay. 
he had to sell the farm (a valuable one), negroes, and all hi- 
other property, except a small amount of household good-. 
and then go to Ohio and teach school so as to secure money t'> 
move his family to that state. Their children, four boys ami 
one girl, were all born in South Carolina, the daughter dying 
before they left that state. William, the oldest, was born 
September 19, 1797; John, May 30, 1799; James, February 
13, 1802, and Samuel, :\rarch 5, 1804. Thomas arrived in 
Ohio April 5, 1804, and the family moved in August and 
September follov,-ing. From there they came into Indiana 
territory in 1814 or 1815, settling in Union County on a farm 
and remaining there until October, 1831, when John, Jauu- 
and Henry emigrated to this county, all settling in the MOod- 
and opening up farms near Thorntown, William, who never 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 447 

inairied, remained with tlie old folks, staying on the farm 
until his death, ivlay 16, 1850, aged fifty-two years, seven 
months and twentv-seven davs. His father died October 12, 
1835, and mother, July 25, 1846. William Cason was a man 
of excellent character and habits, and exerted an influence for 
good over the people of his county equal if not greater than 
any one who ever lived in it. He was probate judge over 
twenty years, and was regarded as one of the best probate law- 
yers in eastern Indiana. 

John Cason married Fannie .Burkhalter. There were 
eight children born to them — five girls and three boys — named 
Margaret, Elizabeth, iSIary, Phebe J,, Marion N., Ershula, 
Oliver and Samuel. Margaret, Elizabeth and Marion are 
dead. John Cason always resided on a farm and devoted his 
entire attention to opening aud cultivating it, and lived to see 
the day, as also did his brothers James and Samuel, when the 
farms that had caused them so much toil and hardship in the 
early settlement thereon became prosperous homes of thrift 
and independence. He was a man of an unusual kind dispo- 
sition, and always had a kind word for all whom he met and 
diftlculty with no one. This was, however, a marked trait of 
character as to all of the older members of the family, and a 
law suit was a thing no one of the family was ever known to 
engage in, from Thomas, the father, to the death of his sons. 
John Cason departed this life in 1868, leaving surviving him 
his wife, now in her eighty-fourth year, and with ihe exception 
of a disease in her feet and limbs that renders walking troub- 
lesome, she is in excellent health. She has always been indus- 
trious and greatly devoted to her children, and for whose 
welfare' she ever yet gives her constant attention. 

James Cason married Margaret Rutherford December 13, 
1827. Her family were of the old English stock of Kuther- 
tbrds, the name originating from Ituiher's Ford, a stream near 
the line between England and Scotland, on which there was a 
ford on the land of a man named Ruther. Her mother's fjlks 
v.'cre named Harpar, her grandfather being tlie o^\"ner aud 



448 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

giving the name to Harper's Ferry, A^irgiuia, which Old John 
Brown immortalized. Thus are united in one family the 
name of one branch originating from a ford and the other 
giving name to a ferry. James Cason resided on the land he 
first settled on in coming to this county until the fall of ISGo, 
when he moved to Thorntown, where he lived until his death. 
He was a carpenter as well as farmer, and was a master of his 
trade. There are many houses, barns, bridges and other 
structures yet standing in this county which well attest the 
•care and fidelity with which he did his work. Although a 
man small in stature, yet his physical strength and endurance 
was remarkable. He had a clear, incisive insight into most 
every subject before the people of his day, and with this he 
had most excellent "common sense," giving to his opinions 
4ind judgments unusual correctness. He was outspoken and 
frank almost to a fault, and was extremely active and energetic 
—doing everything with all his might; and he was always 
ready to assist in every enterprise for the public good. ^ He 
departed this life January 31, 1875, leaving his wife surviving 
him, now in her eighty-first year, and wnth the exception ot 
rheumatism in one of her limbs is in excellent health and as 
active as most persons at fifty or sixty years old. Her life has 
been unusually active and industrious. Siie is frank, out- 
spoken and independent at all times, yet kind and genial tu 
4ill who meet her, and liberal and tolerant in all her views. 
Her mental faculties are far above an ordinary person's, and 
her devotion to her children has been untiring; and they owe 
to her much of whatever success that has attended them in life. 
There were nine children born to them — six boys and three 
girls— one of whom, William, died at four weeks of age. 01 
the others, Thomas J., Samuel L. and Sarah Ann are yet 
living; John O., Joseph N. and Margaret E. lived to be mar- 
ried and have children ; Mary E. died in her eighteenth year. 
and James H. on September 11, 1850. 

Samuel Cason first married Mary Burkhalter. She ^vn5 
.an excellent woman, a prudent and careful mother, and it i> 
















• ■"^„ 



'1 












HON. NELSON FORDICE. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 449 

largely due to her training and instruction, young as her 
children were at her death, that several of them have become 
more than ordinary men and women. There were nine chil- 
dren born to them — six girls and three boys. Jane, Mary and 
Cynthia are dead; the others, Elizabeth, Margaret, Fanny, 
^yilliam X., .Joseph M. and John are living. She departed 
this life about 1844. Samuel Cason M-as much like his oldest 
brother, ^iVilliam, in his traits of character and mental ability, 
and like him he exercised and held an influence for good over 
the people of the county that few, if any, have ever attained. 
Soon after coming to this county he was made one of the asso- 
ciate judges of the circuit court of the county. Judge Ca-on 
became a good judge of law, and was treated Avith great respect 
by the presiding judge, who, upon all occasions, consulted him. 
Among the best lawyers of the circuit he was regarded as a 
sound lawyer and one of the ablest associate judges of the 
state. He always gave close, careful attention to his duties of 
every character, and had'a clear, logical and incisive insight 
into most every subject brought before him, which, with the 
good common sense he exercised upon all occasions, cauped 
his opinions to be received with great confidence. Like his 
brothers, he was of a positive, open, frank nature, and always 
straightforward in bis intercourse with others. At the time 
of his death, and for some years prior thereto, he was presi- 
dent of the First National Bank, Thorntown. Under his 
management the stock, at the time of his death, sold at twenty- 
six per cent, premium. There was never a dollar lost to the 
bank while he was at its head. He had for several years 
been one of the directors of the Lafayette & Indianapolis 
Railroad, and resigned the position when he became convinced 
it was managed in the interest of a few directors instead of the 
stockholders. Both James Cason and himself had devoted 
much time, expense and labor in procuring the organizuti(jn of 
the company and establishing the road through this county. 
Judge Cason was married the second time to Aljihea Xorris, 
29 



"i'50 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

and by this marriage there were three children — two girls and 
one boy— Lysia and Idia, and James. He departed thi< life 
August 6, 1871, at the the age of sixty-seven years, five 
months and one day, his wife snrvivino; him. 

It required thirteen days to move their families from Union 
County to this county, the distance being only about one hun- 
dred miles. It rained every day or night wliile they were on 
the road. Swamping and breaking down was an everv-dav 
occurrence; and to cap the climax of all their troubles the 
wagon in. which the family of James Cason was ridino- when 
within five miles of their destination, overset in a creek. 
plunging them and everything belonging to them under water : 
and although it was cold and raining, they had to camp out of 
doors in their wet clothes and bed covers. 

The .winter of 1831-'32, after the three brothers settled in 
this county, was a severe one. It set in early, a heavv snow 
falling tlie last of Xovember or first of December, and lay 
on the ground until about the middle of March next. They 
had all landed in the woods ''without a stick amiss," except 
Samuel, who had a small log cabin on his land when he came 
to it. It was spring before some of the chimneys were higiur 
than the mantle-piece. Neither were there any doors in their 
houses until spring; old quilts and sheets had to be sub.il- 
tuted, and when some of the doors were made they were of 
split boards from trees. No mortar could be made to stop the 
open space between the logs of the house, so split plects nt 
timber and old clothes were the only substitute. The howl v\ 
the wolf and other wild animals were heard nightly, and the 
writer remembers of their frequently driving the dog under 
the floor of the house where he would flee for safety. The 
feed for both man and beast had to be procured through tlie 
entire winter, spring and summer following their settlem-MU in 
this county from Shawnee, Scott's and Wea Prairies, tlu; lii- 
tance being about forty miles; and when procured the flour 
would often be sick, the corn so unripe and soft that when tlie 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 451 

cold came it froze aiul all had to be thawed out by the fire be- 
fore it could be used for feed to either man or beast. 

It would take a voluuie to recite only the more important 
part of the hardships of any family of early settlers of this 
county, and it would be impossible to go into detail in a brief 
article. 

WILLIAM COBB 

Was born in Adams County, Pennsylvania, February G, 1809, 
and was the third child of William and Catharine Cobb. The 
former was born in the Borough of Southwick, County of Surry, 
England, October 21, 1760; the latter, Catharine Stransbaugh, 
born in Adams County, Pennsylvania, September 15, 1776, 
they being married February 26, 1805, both living to a ripe 
old age, he being eighty-three and she eighty-four. Mr. Cobb, 
when but a small lad, came to Harrison County, Ohio, where 
he learned his trade, whicli was carpentering, at which he was 
a very apt scholar. His father was a ship builder, and the 
Cobb's from hira down are talented in that mechanical art. 
Here he was united in marriage to Mary Copeland, March 24, 
1836. The result of tliis marriage is nine children, as follows : 
Thomas A., born January 21, 1837, and married to Miss Julia 
Wilharm; William F., born December 8, 1838, and mari-ied 
to Miss Amy Hilemau ; Jacob S., born August 25, 1841, and 
married to ^Nli.ss Ellen Lowe; Xancy, born August 11, 1843, 
married to Thomas Evans; James, born October 6, 1845, 
married to ]SIiss Pet ]\IcXeal ; John L., born January 29, 
1848, married to Miss Lizzie Clark ; John was accidentally 
killed by the cars at Indiauapolis, November 11, 1876. 
Christina, born March 13, 1850, married to Anthony Kincaid ; 
Henry, born April 25, 1852, married to Rachel Clark; Mary 
L., born January 13, 1855, died December 29, 1862; Dorothy 
A., born March 2, 1861, married to Alfred Kincaid. 

Personally, Mr. Cobb was a tall, spare-built man, about six 
feet tall, with blue eyes and rather light complexion. He 
always wore a pleasant smile on his face, and spoke a kind 



452 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IX 

word to all. He was a very active member in the Methodist 

Church, always atteuding when health would permit. 

Mr. Cobb served as justice of the peace for about twelve 

years in Harrison County, Ohio. After coming to Boone 

County, in ]8o3, he served in the same olBce six years. 

He was justice of the ]ieace when he died. Slowly wasted by 

disease, he died October 1, 1877, near the hour of sunset, 

peacefully — 

"Like one who wraj^s the drapery of his couch 
About him and lies down to pleasant dreams."' 

SILAS A. LEE 

AVas born in Decatur County, this State, on the 17th of 
March, 1832, from whence he came to Boone County in the 
spring of 1854, locating near Clarkstown, where he taught a 
school, after which he entered the store of Messrs. Dougherty 
and Nicholas, at Zionsville, as clerk, where he remained until 
1856, when he formed a partnership with W. AY. Atchison, 
carrying on a general store and grain trade until 1860. On 
the 3d day of December, 1856, he was married to Amanda I\L 
Rose, of Zionsville. Having taken quite an interest in poli- 
tics, in 1860 he was nominated and elected by the Republican 
party Clerk of the Boone Circuit Court. In 1864, he was 
nominated and again elected to the same office, which he 
resigned in December, 1868, having served over eight year?. 
On retiring from office he first engaged in the practice of law, 
in partnership with Hon. C. S. AVesner, which he gave up in 
1870, to enter as a partner in the Lebanon Bank, where lie 
continued until the latter part of 1872, then disposing of his 
interest in the bank, removing to the city of Indianapolis, 
where he is still engaged in the lumber trade. 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 453 



JOSEPH T. McLOUGHLIX. 

Perhaps no man ever lived in the county who was better 
known than Mr. Mc. He was early and for years closely con- 
nected and associated vrith the best interests of the county, in 
fact, as long as he lived here. He first settled in Jamestown, 
where he remained a term of years, perhaps until he was 
elected County Treasurer, whicli was in the year 1845, and he 
was the first person that was chosen by the people to that 
office. He was born about the year 1806, in the State of 
Ohio, and in the year 1828 was married to Miss Vidito. 
About the year 1863, he moved to Iowa, where at latest 
accounts he was living, at the age of 81 years. He was a 
Democrat of the Jacksonian style, and in person he was low, 
heavy-set man ; fair complexion. In his make-up he was 
social, loved his friends, who were legion in Boone County, 
where his best days were spent. We hope he will live to read 
the "Early Life and Times in Boone County," and overlook 
this poor sketch of one so worthy. 

COL. A. O. MILLER. ^ 

Col. A. O. Miller was born in Madison County, Ohio, in 
1827. His parents moved to Clinton County, Indiana, in 
1830, where both died in less than five years. He was taken 
by a relative and raised on a farm on the Twelve Mile Prairie. 
Studied medicine and graduated at the University ot Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, 1856 ; raised a company of men for Lincoln's 
call of 75,000 for three months, in '6L Was in command of 
hispbmpany, C, 10th llegt. Ind. Vol., at the battle of Rich 
Mountain, in July, '61. His corapany was tlie first of the 
army to enter the works and took down their flag, the first 
one taken from Rebel works during the war. Was Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel of the 10th Regt. in its three years' organiza- 
tion. Was made Colonel of the 72th Regt. in 1862, and 
served in the field until the close of the war, at which time 



454 EARLY LIFE AXD TIMES IN 

he, ^vith one huDclred and fifty other wounded, ^vcre at Mont- 
gomery, Alabama, three hundred miles from any Union 
forces; Avas promoted to Brigadier-General. While in the 
army he married Mary L., youngest daughter of Wm, Zion. 
War Clerk of Boone Circuit Court for four years. Organized 
the first Xational Bank at Lebanon; was its Cashier four years, 
duiirg which time the bank only lost one hundred dollars, 
and the banking system changed from 18 per cent, broker to 
10 per cent, banking. Being enterprising and in favor of pub- 
lic improvements, he, with Zion Kinworthy and others, lost 
all they had in building the A. L. & St. L. Railroad, his loss 
beiiig -f 20,000 bank stock, a fine home and other property. 

THOMAS P. MILLER 

AVas born in Tennessee, December 1, 1812. Son of AVilliaui 
Miller, one of the early pioneers of Eagle Creek, who arrived 
at that localitv in 1830, and on whose land the town was laid 
out. Thomas P. Miller, the subject of this sketch, was first 
married to Eliza Meek, April 15, 1832, in Tippecanoe County. 
The follovv-ing are the names of his children by his first v\'i;e: 
AVilliam M., Sylvanus S., James and Margaret, all of Avhom 
are deceased. Mr. Miller was the second time married to 
Margaret B. Cope, January 16, 1838. The following are the 
names of their children : Eliza J., Caroline, Maria and 
Mark J)., all living. Eliza J. is the wife of A. F. Combs; 
resides in Clinton Township. iNIr. Miller was married the 
third time to Susan A. Kersey, March 1, 1846, in Lebanon. 
The following are the names of their children: Mary 1' .. 
deceased ; Harrison S., resides in Indianapolis ; Syseline, mar- 
ried to George Wysong, resides in Indianapolis; Charles P>., 
deceased; Edwin H., married to ]Minnie Richard, resides in 
Indianapolis. Mr. Miller's first wife was drowned in the AN a- 
bash River, near Lafayette, January 11, 1838. His second wife 
died Auaust, 1845, and was buried at the Eagle Village cenic- 



J 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 455 

terv. Mr. Miller Mas apjioinu'd Postmaster in 1S41, and served 
uiue years. He was elected December 31, and served ten 
years as Justice of the Peace. AVas elected County Recorder 
August, 1850, served eight years. Joined the Odd Fellows' 
iir 1846, moved to Lebanon 1850, became a citizen 1S64, 
where he served four years as Justice of the Peace. Mr. 
Miller was elected to all the above offices as a Democrat. He 
has been an invalid for years, scarcely able to leave his room. 
His religious belief is that of Universalist. On another page 
v.-ill be found an interesting- communication from ]Slr. ]SIiller. 



WILLIAM MILLER. 

One of the early settlers of Eagle Creek was he whose 
name heads this short sketch. He was born in Xorth Caro- 
lina, in the year 1781, May 29. He was married to Xancy 
Meek, who was born in Xorth Carolina, September 6, 1782. 
They came to the county in the year 1830. Mr. Miller died 
at Eagle Village in the year 1844. Mrs. Miller died in the 
year 1848. Both buried at the Eagle Village Cemetery. The 
following are their children's names: Moses M., born in 
Tennessee, May 11, 1809 (deceased). William W., born in 
Tennessee, February 4, 1811. Thomas P., born in Tennessee, 
December 1, 1812; resides in Indianapolis. John,- born in 
Indiana, March 20, 1816. Margaret, born in Indiana, Decem- 
ber 30, 1817 (deceased). Rachel, born in Indiana, Ai)ril 12, 
1819. Alexander, born in Indiana, January 8, 1821 ; died in 
1851 ; buried at Eagle Village Cemetery. Silas, born in 
Indiana, 1823 ; died in the year 1850. Elizabeth, born in 
Indiana, July 10, 1825 (deceased) ; buried near Zionsville. 
James, born in Indiana, March 28, 1830; died 1847; buried 
at Eagle Village. 



456 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 



CHARLES F. S. XEAL. 



This gentleman, whose portrait appears in this volnme, was 
born in the city of Lebanon, Ind., August 24, 1S58. He is 
the oldest son of Stephen and Clara Davis Xeal. He attended 
the schools of Lebanon until the year 1S77, during which la>t 
year therein he graduated, and for a time thereafter he became 
a teacher in the schools of the city. In the year 1880 he at- 
tended the Xormal School in Ladoga, Ind., and during the 
same year he received the nomination from the Democratic 
party of Boone County for the office of county surveyor, to 
which office he was that year elected ; and after filling that 
office one term, he was appointed by the board of commission- 
ers of the. county, to the position of superintendent and civil 
engineer of the gravel roads of said county. 

In the year 1881, he was married to Mary E. Henry, of 
Ladoga, Ind., and to them have been born two children, one 
daughter and one son. Mr. Xeal is connected with five of the 
six building and loan associations of his native city, and takes 
an active interest in public enterprises, and in building up the 
city, and the public improvements of the county. In the year 
1887, he erected the finest and most elegant business block in 
the city of Lebanon. His noted characteristic is : " grit and 
git," and he is energetic, economical, and whatever he engages 
in, he manifests first-class executive ability. Physically and 
mentally he is a strong man. 

THE ROSE FAMILY. 

Sterling C. and Anna Rose, with two children, emigrated 
from North Carolina in 1832, settling first in Pike Town-hip. 
Marion County, and four years later (1836) removed to ho.'A'- 
Village, Boone County. Sterling C. Rose was born in Xorih 
Carolina in 1795, and worked at farming and as a carjicntcr. 
Anna Rose, his wife, was born in North Carolina in 1800, anu 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 457' 

carried on tailoring; in order to help her husband support their 
family in early life in Indiana. While he, in addition to 
building houses, made looms, spinning wheels, plows and 
wagons, she cut and made the foshionable clothing for the set- 
tlers. Sterling C. Rose served in the war of 1812, and drew 
a pension at the time of his death in 1875, being about eighty 
years old. Anna, his wif.>, died in 1863, being sixty-three 
years old. Their remains lie in the little cemetery at Eagle 
Village. They were honest, hard-working people, and filled 
well their part in the early settlement of Indiana. 

Their children, six in number, are: Augustus D., Martha, 
Sarah, Addie, Amanda and Martin. The first two were born 
in North Carolina; the other four in Indiana. Augustus D. 
Rose, when sixteen years old, went to Indianapolis and learned 
the trade of printer, finishing it in the ^^cntlncl office under 
the Chapmans in 1849. Married in 1851, was elected Chief 
of Police in Indianapolis in 1857 and held it until 1861, when 
he resigned to volunteer in the army for the Union, and 
served four years, during which time he filled the position of 
first-lieutenant, captain, major and lieutenant-colonel. He is 
now compositor on the Sentinel, and is sixty years old. He 
has three children living, the youngest twenty-eight years old. 
Martha Rose married Dr. Samuel W. Redman in 1850 (a prom- 
inent physician). She died at Zionsville several years ago, 
leaving her husband and five children surviving, most of 
whom are in Oregon. Sarah C. Rose now resides in Indian- 
apolis with her sister, xVmanda Lee. She never married, re- 
maining with her parents as long as they lived. She is now 
in her fifty-fifth year. She will long be remembereil for her 
devotion" to her father and mother. Addie Rose married 
George H. Carter, ex-sheriff of Marion County, in 1858. 
They went to California, where she died ia 1865, leaving her 
husband and one son. . Amanda Rose married Sihis A. 
Lee about twenty-four years ago. He was then a merchant 
in Zionsville, and afterwards Clerk of Boone County for eight 
years. They are now residing in Indianapolis, where he has 



458 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

been f')r a number of years in the lumber trade, Martin V. 
Rose was born in E-.igle Village in I.S40; died of consumption 
in 1862. 

WILLIAM STATON. 

Mr. Staton was born in Kentucky, April 7, 1809. Hr 
came to Boone County in the year 1835, and first settled in 
Center Township, where he lived a few years, but has resided 
on his farm five miles east of Lebanon the past forty years, 
where he has a pleasant home surrounded with }denty. Pie 
was married to Ruan Lane February 27, 1834, in Kentucky. 
She was born February" 12, 1810, also in the State of Ken- 
tucky. Mr. Staton has served as County Commissioner nine 
years, represented the county in the State Legislature in the 
winter of 1851-'52; also was elected as sheriff of the countv 
for two terms, serving in all the otliees wirh credit to all. He 
was elected as a Wliig. The following are his children's 
names: Xancy M., Francis A., William T., Sarah J., John 
M. and Lydia A. 

SAMUEL S. STROXG. 

Mr. Stronor was born in Ohio about the vear 1805, came 
to the county and Lebanon at an early day, possibly as early 
iis 1836 or 1838. Was postmaster away back in the forties. 
Was the first tanner in Lebanon, where he continued for many 
years, where Mrs. Daily now resides. He moved to Illim^is 
in the year 1860. He was school commissioner of the county 
a term of years. He was a Whig and as such elected <<r 
appoinf'd to the offices above referred to. The following an- 
some of his children.s' ilames as far as we can get: Oscar. 
James, and Resin. In ]>er.sou Mr. S. was low, heavy-set, tair 
<?omplexion, and belonged to the ISL E. Churcli a-^ well as lii> 
wife ; as to her we do not know where or when she was boru. 



BOOXE COUNTY, INDIANA. 459 

BEXJAMIX F. WHITTAKER 

Was born in JeiFerson County, Ohio, February 28, 1827. 
Was married to Sarah A. Piersou, of Maryland, born Septem- 
ber, 1827. They were married in Coshocton County, Ohio, 
September 13, 1846. Came to Boone County 1863. Settled 
at Whitestown, stopped a few years ; then to Zionsville, where 
they remained seven years. In 1875 they removed to Leb- 
anon, where he has since resided. He has been engag-ed in the 
grocery business. He was also in the jewelry business for six 
years. He has been a minister of the ISrissionary Baptist 
Church for many years. United with the church in 1841, in 
Jeiferson County, Ohio, when quite a young man. Has 
labored acceptably in the chui'ch as layman and minister, and 
with great success. He has a knowledge of scripture excelled 
by few, and is a polished gentleman of social qualities, which 
make his friends legion, always willing to accord to others 
what he takes for himself religiously and politically as well 
as in other respects. He is a Democrat. 

The following are tiie names of their children : Deborah 
v., married to Samuel Brandon ; ]\Iartha S., married to Henry 
V. Laughner; David S. married to Annie Warren, the latter 
of whom resides in Lebanon and is engaged in the jewelry 
trade. Charles also resides in Lebanon and is also engaged 
in the jeAvelry business. 

PATRICK H. SULLIYAX. 

There i.s an old saying, "The first shall be last." Unin- 
tentionally this has proven true in our notice of persons in this 
work. Mr. Sullivan was among the first, if not the first man, 
who made a permanent settlement in Boone County. Ho cer- 
tainly was the first on Eagle Creek. We have been unable to 
get only few facts in regard to this old pioneer, nor do we 
know when or where he was born. He came about the year 



460 EARLY LIFE AND TIMES IN 

1824, and located on the creek near where Zionsville nwx 
stands. He married a Miss King, who did not live very lonL^ 
when he airain married Miss Broahard. The followino- ar'^ 
his children's names: Berry, Mrs. Klingler, Harvey and 
Martha. The last two are deceased. 'Slv. Sullivan was oi 
Irish descent, strong, athletic, full six feet high, and a 
sober, industrious, hard-working man all his long life. H'- 
died in July, 1876, aged about ninety years, and is buried at 
the Eagle Village Cemetery. ^Ve regret very much not bein^ 
able to give a more extended notice of this old and respected 
pioneer of our county. Many who read this will call to mind 
Patrick H. Sullivan. 



CEME TERIES OF OUR COUXTY. 

We do not desire to close our work without a word about 
our cemeteries ; and there is no better place for it than here. 
Forty years ago, when a youth, we occasionally saw here and 
there a grave or two in the woods with a rail pen around it 
five or six rails Idgh, and covered over with the same rough 
material. To the writer these were lonesome and gloomy 
places. The cemetery at best has an unj)leasant aspect, 
especially when overgrown with bushes and briers ; and wher^- 
owds and other kindred spirits hold midnight revels, an-i 
wdiere the " snakes in the nettle-weeds hiss." I have neces- 
sarily been in and pa-sed by many during the past year in th-- 
county, and never without a feeling of resj^ect mingled with 
sadness. I am glad to notice that greater interest is n<)'<v 
taken in the improvement of our cemeteries. 

Reader, have you a friend in yonder dear yet neglected sji')t 
wdiere there is nothing to mark the last resting-place of" loved 
ones gone?" If so, resolve no longer to thus be indifferent. 
Plant a tree — something that will live in winter and will b ■ ;' 
lasting tribute to their memory. We have too many oein - 
teries — that i.s, too many private burying-places. This i- :di 



BOONE COUNTY, INDIANA. 461 

well enough while the immediate friends live to care for them ; 
but soon they will pass into other hands, and the result will 
be the plow will turn up the sod that holds the dust of our 
friends; yet let us care for our departed dead, make the air 
fragrant with the perfume of flowers, and in the gloom of 
winter let the green bows overhang, where the merry song- 
ster in early spring may sing their sweetest notes and make 
those once gloomy places look cheerful and bright. To those 
places somewhere or another we, too, are tending, and as we 
near the place it loses its dread. When a boy, the graveyard 
was a terror, especially at night. If there was any way of 
going around, that was the road for me. It is not so now ; 
while we have no special hurry to get there, the terror has 
somewhat diminished. 

In writing the above I have no cemetery specially in view, 
and what has been said was in a general way — not in a way to 
wish to censure any one, but if possible drop a word that in 
the future may stimulate us all in this direction. In writing 
the above my mind calls up the immortal poem by Gray, of 
which we quote the fifteenth stanza: 

"Some villnge Hnmpden that with dauntless breast, 
The little tyrant of his fields withstood, 
Some mute inglorious Milton here may rest — 
Some Cromwell guiltless of his couutrv's blood." 



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PORTRAITS. 



PAGE. 

1. Samuel Harden Frontisjnece. 

2. Elijah Cros.s, ] i » i^ - i- 

_-,•',, i- between lb ana 17 

o. iNlary Cross. ) 

4. Benjamin Booher " 32 '' 33 

5. Samuel Piodefer " 48 '•' 40 

6. "William Zion, ) ., ^, ,, 

7. Amelia Zion, ) 

8. Mrs. Cynthia Woody " 80 " 81 

9. Philip Sicks " 96 " 97 

10. Eli Smith " 112 '• 113 

11. Hon. Henrv M. Marvin. ) , , ,^, ,, , ,„ 

y * i'\5 1 y 

12. Emma Elizabeth Marvin, ) 

13. Joseph S. Harrison " 144 " 115 

14. Robert Slocum " I6u " 161 

15. Aaron Smith, 



16. Frances Smith, ' 

17. John M. Burns " 1<)2 " 1:*3 

18. Maj. Benjamin M. Gregory " 208 " 209 

19. Dr. William D. Starkey " 224 " 225 

20. Dr. Jesse S. Reagan *' 240 " 241 

21. Benjamin C. Booher " 256 '• 257 

22. Jacob S. La Follette, ) ' ., ^_., „ .-,>,-, 

23. Sarah E. La Follette, I "'" 

24. William Cobb " 2SS " 280 

25. Francis M. Busby " 304 " 305 

26. James ^L Martin '• 320 " 321 

27. Hon. James B. Dale " 336 " 337 

28. William Riley Tavlor " 3-52 " 353 

29. C. F. vS. Xeal.' .' " 36S " 3G0 

30. A. C. Daily " .384 " 385 

31. Harvy Marion La Follette " 400 " 401 

32. Ju.ige Wm. J. Devol. ) . ,,-. < ,,_ 
66. Kenecca Devol, j 

34. William R. Hogshire " 432 " 433 

35 Hon. Nelson Fonlice •' 448 " 449 



1 /'■